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C|)t &tptuagint* 


The Copy from which this Reprint is made was "Bequeathed 
to the Bishopric of Cornwall, by the Rev. Franke Parker, M.A., 
Rector of Luffincott, Devon, 1883." 

Home says (1846) : " Very feiv copies of Mr. Thomson's work have 
reached England, and even in America it has become very scarce and dear." 

Home also says : " This translation is, upon the whole, faithfully 
executed;" and he has given some forty pages, from this translation, of 
quotations from the Septuagint occurring in the Neiv Testament * 

Michaelis, in speaking of the Septuagint (Greek), says : The style is 
different in the different books; "but of all the books of the Septuagint, the 
style of the Proverbs is the best, ivhere the translator has clothed the most 
ingenious thoughts in as neat and elegant language as was ever used by a 
Pythagorean sage to express his philosophic maxims." j 

Dr. A. Clarke says : " The study of this version served more to expand 
and illuminate my mind than all the theological ivorks I had ever con- 
sulted. I had proceeded but a short way in it before I was convinced that 
the prejudices against it were utterly unfounded, and that it was of 
incalculable advantage towards a proper understanding of the literal sense 
of Scripture." % 

* "Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures,'' 
vol. ii. pp. 282-333 ; vol. v. p. 303 (1846). 

f "Introduction to the New Testament," vol. i. pt. i. chap. iv. sec. iii. 
X Dr. Clarke's "Commentary," vol. i. General Preface, p. xv. 






Cfje £tptuagint. 






In publishing this first English Translation of The Septuagint my object is 
to call attention to the high estimation in which these Scriptures were once 
held in the Christian Church for a thousand years; and in hopes of bringing 
about a return to a more Apostolic Faith I have published a work on 
" Hades" in conjunction with it. 


He commandeth SHALL be accomplished in DUE SEASON. 


convenient they shall all be sought out. . . . 

"All the works of the Lord are good: and He will give every 
needful thing in due season. 

SHALL ALL BE WELL APPROVED." — EcclllS. XXXix. 16, 17, 33, 34. 




H, Southampton Street, Strand, W.C. 
^ublisfjcrs to p?ts fHajcstg tfjc ittng. 

Entered at Stationers,' Hall. 


I. WHEN the authority of Solomon son of David was firmly 
established over his kingdom, and the Lord his God, being with 

2 him, had magnified him exceedingly, Solomon spoke to all Is- 
rael, to the captains of thousands, and the captains of hundreds 
and to the judges and to all the chiefs before Israel, namely the 

3 heads of the patriarchal families ; and he and all the congrega- 
tion went to the high place at Gabaon, at which place was the 
tabernacle of the testimony of God, which Moses the servant 

4 of the Lord had made in the wilderness. (But David had 
brought the ark of God from the city Kariathiarim, for he had 
provided for it — for he had erected for it a tabernacle at Jeru- 

5 salem.) The brasen altar also, which Beseleel son of arias 
son of Or had made, was there before the tabernacle of the 
Lord. To this therefore Solomon and the congregation repair- 

6 ed. And he made an offering there on the brasen altar before 
the Lord, on that at the tabernacle. And when he had offered 

7 upon it a thousand victims God appeared to Solomon that night 

8 and said to him, Ask what I shall give thee. Thereupon Solo- 
mon said to God, Thou hast shewn great kindness to my fa- 
ther David, and hast made me king in his stead, now therefore, 

9 Lord my God, let thy name I beseech thee be established on 
my father David. Seeing thou hast made me king over a peo- 

10 pie numerous as the dust of the earth, grant me now wisdom 
and understanding that I may go out and come in before this 
people : for who can judge this thy people which is so great ? 

11 And God said to Solomon, Because this hath been in thy heart ; 
and thou hast not asked wealth nor glory nor the life of thy 
enemies ; nor even asked long life ; but hast asked for thyself 
wisdom and understanding that thou mayst judge my people 

12 over whom I have made thee king : Wisdom and understand- 
ing I now give thee : And I will give thee riches and wealth 
and glory, such as none of the kings who were before thee have 
had ; nor shall any after thee have the like. 

13 Then Solomon came to Jerusalem, from the high place at 
Gabaon, which is before the tabernacle of the testimony ; and 

14 reigned over Israel. And Solomon collected chariots, and 
horsemen, and he had fourteen hundred chariots, and twelve 
thousand horsemen. Those he left in the chariot cities; but 

15 the people were with the king in Jerusalem. And the king 



made silver and gold as plenteous at Jerusalem as stones ; 
and cedars in Judea, like the sykamine trees in the plain for 

16 abundance. Now Solomon's horses came up out of Egypt : 
and this was the price allowed to the king's merchants for 

17 going. They purchased, and came up, and brought out of 
Egypt a chariot for six hundred shekels of silver, and a horse 
for a hundred and fifty. And at that rate they were brought 
for all the kings of the Chettites, and by their means for the 
kings of Syria. 

II. Solomon having determined to build a house for the name 

2 of the Lord, and a house for his kingdom, collected seventy 
thousand men to carry burthens, and eighty thousand hewers 
of stone on the mountains ; and the overseers over them, were 

3 three thousand six hundred. And Solomon sent to Chiram, 
king of Tyre, saying, As thou hast dealt with my father Da- 

4 vid and sent him cedar to build himself a house to dwell in ; 
behold I his son am going to build a house for the name of 
the Lord my God, to be dedicated to him, that I may burn 
incense before him, and set bread continually in his presence, 
and that I may offer whole burnt offerings continually, morn- 
ing and evening, and on the sabbaths, and at the new moons 
and festivals of the Lord our God ; this being an ordinance 

5 forever to Israel. And as the house which I am going to build 
is great ; for great is the Lord our God above all gods, and 

o' who is able to build a house for him ? For the heaven and the 
heaven of heavens, cannot contain his glory ; who then am I, 
that I should build a house for him, save only to burn incense 

7 before him? Now therefore send me a man wise and skilled 
in working up gold and silver, and brass and iron, and pur- 
ple and scarlet and blue, and who can engrave skilfully with 
the skilful men who are with me in Jerusalem, those materials 

S which my father hath provided. Send me also cedar and cy- 
press and pine timber, from Libanus. As I know how expert 
thy servants are in cutting timber from Libanus, let thy ser- 

9 vants therefore go with my servants, to provide me timber in 

plenty : for the house which I am going to build, is to be great 

10 and glorious. Now behold, I have assigned provisions for the 

workmen who cut the timber, food for thy servants, twenty 

thousand cores of wheat, and twenty thousand cores of bar- 


ley, and twenty thousand measures of wine, and twenty thou- 

11 sand measures of oil. To this Chiram king of Tyre replied 
in writing, and sent to Solomon, saying, Because the Lord 

12 loved his people, he hath made thee king over them. More- 
over Chiram said, Blessed be the Lord the God of Israel, who 
made the heaven and the earth, who hath given king David, 
a wise son endued with knowledge and understanding, to 

13 build a house for the Lord and a house for his kingdom. Now 
therefore I have sent thee a man of wisdom and understand- 

14 ing, named after my father Chiram. His mother was one of 
the daughters of Dan, but his father was a Tyrian. He is skill- 
ed in working up gold and silver, and brass and iron, and 
stones and wood ; and in weaving purple and blue yarn, and 
cotton, and with scarlet ; and engraving and executing every 
device to which thou shalt put him with thy artists, and the 

15 artists of my lord David, thy father. And with regard to the 
10 wheat and the barley and the oil and the wine, which my lord 

hath mentioned, let him send them to his servants, and we 
will cut timber from Libanus, as much as thou shalt want, and 
send it in floats by water to Joppa, that thou mayst convey it 
to Jerusalem. 

17 When Solomon assembled all the strangers who were in 
the land of Israel, after the numbering which his father Da- 
vid had made of them, they were found to amount to a hun- 

18 clred and fifty three thousand six hundred. So of these he ap- 
pointed seventy thousand to carry burdens, and eighty thou- 
sand to hew stones, and three thousand six hundred to be 
overseers, to keep the people to work. 

III. At length Solomon began building the house of the Lord 
at Jerusalem, on mount Arnoria, where the Lord appeared 
to his father David ; in the place which David had prepared 

2 at the threshing floor of Orna, the Jebusite. He began build- 

3 ing in the second month, in the fourth year of his reign. And 
these were the mensurations, with which Solomon began to 
build the house of God. The first measurement was in length 

4 sixty cubits, and in breadth twenty cubits, including an ailam 
in front of the house of the same breadth, as that of the house, 
twenty cubits, and the height of which was a hundred and 
twenty cubits. And he overlaid the house on the inside, with 


5 pure gold. When he had wainscotted this great house with 
planks of cedar, he overlaid them with pure gold, and en- 
graved upon it, palm trees and chains, and he adorned the 

6 house with precious stones for glory, and gilded it with the 

7 choicest gold from Pharuim ; and having gilded the house, 
both the walls and the gates, and the vaulted ceilings, and the 

8 doors, with gold, he engraved cherubims on the walls. And 
he made the house of the Holy of Holies. Its breadth was in 
front, the same as that of the house, twenty cubits and its 
length twenty cubits ; and he overlaid it for cherubims, with 

9 pure gold, to the amount of six hundred talents ; and with 
regard to the weight of the nails, each nail weighed fifty she- 

10 kels of gold. The upper chamber he overlaid with gold. And 
in this house, namely in the Holy of Holies, he made two che- 
rubims, a workmanship of wood, and overlaid them with gold. 

11 The extent of the wings of the cherubims was twenty cubits, 
one wing of five cubits touching the wall of the house, and 
the other wing of five cubits, touching the wing of the other 

13 cherubim reciprocally ; so that the wings of the cherubims, 
were expanded twenty cubits, and they stood upon their feet 

14 and their faces were towards the house. And he made the veil 
of blue and purple and scarlet and cotton yarn, and wove che- 

15 rubims therein. And he made before the house two pillars thir- 

16 ty five cubits high, including the chapiters of five cubits. And 
he made net works and put them on the chapiters of the pillars, 
and he made a hundred pomegranates, and fixed them to the 

17 net works. And he reared up the pillars in front of the tem- 
ple, one on the right, and one on the left, and he called the 
name of that on the right 'Rectitude, and the name of that on 
the left, Strength. 

IV. And he made an altar of brass, the length of it was twenty 
cubits and the breadth twenty cubits and the height ten cubits. 

2 And he made the molten sea, ten cubits the diameter, with a 
border round about, and five cubits the height and thirty cu- 

3 bits the circumference. And under the border was the simili- 
tude of oxen which encompass it round about. Ten to a cubit 
encompass the laver all around. It stood upon twelve beeves. 

4 In casting the beeves they were made of two kinds. Three 
faced the north and three faced the west and three faced the 


5 south and three faced the east. Upon these the sea stood. And 
their hinder parts were inwards. And the thickness of the sea 
was a hand breadth, and its brim like the brim of a cup was en- 
graved with flowers of a lilly. And it contained three thousand 

6 measures. And when he had finished it he made ten lavers and 
set five on the right and five on the left for washing in them the 
things pertaining to the whole burnt offerings, and for rinsing 

7 in them. But the sea was for the priests to wash in. He made 
also the ten candlesticks of gold according to the pattern there- 
of and put them in the temple, five on the right and five on the 

8 left. And he made ten tables and set them in the temple, five 

9 on the right and five on the left. And he made a hundred gold- 
en cups. He made also the court of the priests, and the great 
court, and the gates for the court. And their doors were over- 

10 laid with brass. And he placed the sea at the corner of the 

11 house on the right so as to be over against the east. Then 
Chiram made the flesh forks, and the censers, and the grate of 

12 the altar, and all the utensils thereof. And when Chiram had 
finished all the work which he made for king Solomon for the 
house of God — the two pillars and the ornaments on the chapi- 
ters of the pillars, and the two pieces of net work to cover the 
ornaments which were on the chapiters of the pillars, and four 
hundred little bells for the two pieces of net work, and the two 
kinds of pomegranates for each piece of net work which was 

14 to cover the ornaments upon the pillars, and had made the ten 
mechonoths, and the lavers for the mechonoths, and the sea with 

15 the twelve beeves under it, and the cauldrons with their pot 
hooks, and the kettles, and the flesh forks, and all the untensils 

16 belonging to them— when Chiram had made them he brought 

17 them to king Solomon to the house of the Lord. They were 
all of pure brass. The king had them cast on the border of the 
Jordan, in the clay ground at the house of Sokchoth, and be- 

18 tween that and Saredetha. And Solomon caused all the uten- 
sils to be made in great abundance, for there was no deficiency 

19 in the quantity of brass. But all the utensils for the house of 
the Lord, namely the golden altar and the tables upon which 

20 the presence loaves were to be laid, and the candlesticks and the 
lamps to give light according to the rule prescribed, namely 
those in front of the dabir, all these Solomon made of pure 


21 gold, with the snuffers and. lamp dishes. The cups also and the 

22 censers and the fire pans were all of pure gold. And with re- 
gard to the inner doors of the house into the Holy of Holies — 
these doors of the house of the temple he covered with gold. 

V. And when all the work was finished which Solomon made 
for the house of the Lord, he brought in the dedications of his 
father David, the silver and the gold and the vessels, and depo- 

2 sited them in the treasury of the house of the Lord. Then So- 
lomon assembled at Jerusalem all the elders of Israel and all 
the chiefs of the tribes, the leaders of the families of the sons 
of Israel to bring up the ark of the covenant of the Lord out 

3 of the city of David, which is Sion. And when all Israel were 
assembled before the king at the festival which is in the seventh 

4 month, all the elders of Israel went, and all the Levites took 

5 up the ark and the tabernacle of the testimony and all the holy 
utensils which were in the tabernacle, and the priests and the 

5 Levites carried it up. And while king Solomon and all the con- 
gregation of Israel, both the devout, and they who were assem- 
bled with them before the ark, were sacrificing beeves and 
sheep which could not be numbered nor reckoned by reason of 

7 their multitude, the priests carried the ark of the covenant of 
the Lord into its place — into the dabir of the house — into the 

8 Holy of Holies under the wings of the cherubims : for the che- 
rubims had their wings expanded over the place of the ark, and 

9 made a covering above, over the ark and over its staves. Now 
the staves projected, and their heads were seen from the Holies 
towards the front of the dabir, but were not seen from without, 

10 and there they have continued to this day. Now there was no- 
thing in the ark, but the two tables which Moses put therein 
at Choreb, containing the covenant which the Lord made with 
the Israelites, when they came out of the land of Egypt. 

11 And when the priests were come out of the Holies, (for all 
the priests then present were hallowed and were not distributed 

12 into courses,) and the Levites, who were singers— all the sons 
of Asaph, Aiman and Idithun, with their sons and brethren, 
arrayed in robes of cotton, had taken their stations with cym- 
bals, and with nablas, and with kinyras, over against the altar, 
and with them a hundred and twenty priests, sounding trump- 

13 ets, so as to join in harmonious concert both with those who 


led the sung ami those who made responses to thank and praise 
the Lord ; soon as they raised their voice, with trumpets and 
cymbals and instruments of nmsick, and said, 
O praise the Lord, for it is good, 
For to everlasting his mercy endureth ; 
14 immediately the house was filled with the cloud of the glory 
of the Lord, so that the priests could not stand to minister by 
reason of the cloud, for the glory of the Lord rilled the house of 
God. Then Solomon said, The Lord said he would dwell in 
VI. thick darkness. Now I have built a house for thy name, 
dedicated to thee, and furnished for thy everlasting habitation. 
3 ' Then the king turned his face and blessed all the congregation 

4 of Israel, and all the congregation of Israel stood. Then 
the king said, Blessed be the Lord the God of Israel ! With his 
hand he hath compleated what with his mouth he spoke to my 

5 father David, saying, From the day I brought my people out 
of the land of Egypt, I did not make choice of any city among 
all the tribes of Israel for a house to be built, that my name 
might be there ; nor did I chuse a man to be ruler over my 

(J people Israel. But now I have chosen Jerusalem that my name 

7 may be there, and I have made choice of David to be over my 
people Israel. Yet when it came into my father David's heart 

8 to build a house to the name of the Lord God of Israel, the 
Lord said to my father David, Forasmuch as it came into thy 
heart to build a house for my name, thou hast done well that 

(j it was in thy heart. But thou shalt not build the house. For 
thy son who shall spring from thy loins, even he shall build the 

10 house for my name. Now the Lord hath performed this word 
which he spoke. I have been raised up in the room of my father 
David, and am seated on the throne of Israel, as the Lord 

11 hath spoken ; and I have built the house for the name of the 
Lord God of Israel, and placed therein the ark, in which is the 
covenant of the Lord which he made with Israel. 

12 Then he took his station on one side over against the altar 
and facing all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his 
hands — For Solomon had made a brasen scaffold and placed 
it in the midst of the court of the sanctuary. The length of it 
was five cubits and its breadth five cubits, and its height three 
cubits. So he took his station on that, and kneeling down on 


bis knees before all tbe congregation of Israel, be stretched 
forth his hands to heaven and said, 

14 Lord, the God of Israel, there is no God like thee in 
heaven or on earth, keeping covenant and shewing mercy to 

15 thy servants, who walk before thee with a perfect heart. Thou 
hast kept with thy servant David, my father, that which thon 
didst speak to him. What with thy mouth thou didst speak, 
thou with thy hand hast performed as at this day. Now there- 
fore, Lord God of Israel, keep with thy servant David my 
father that which thou hast spoken to him, saying, There shall 
not fail thee from before me a man sitting on the throne of Is- 
rael, provided thy sons take heed to their way to walk in my 

17 law as thou hast walked before me. Now, therefore, Lord 
God of Israel, let thy word, I beseech thee, which thou hast 
spoken to thy servant David, be confirmed, that it shall be so. 

18 Will God indeed dwell with man on the earth ! If the hea- 
ven, and the heaven of heaven, will not contain thee, what then 

19 is this house which I have built ? Yet thou wilt look upon the 
prayer of thy servant, even this supplication of mine that thou, 
Lord God, mayst hearken to the supplication and the prayer 

20 which thy servant maketh before thee this day, that thine eyes 
may be open on this house day and night — on this place where 
thou hast ordered thy name to be invoked, that thou mayst 
hearken to the prayer which thy servant prayeth towards this 

21 Thou indeed wilt hearken to the prayer of thy servant and 
of thy people Israel. Whatever they pray towards this place, 
thou indeed wilt listen in the place of thy habitation from hea- 
ven, and wilt hear and be merciful. 

22 If any man sin against his neighbour, and take upon him a 

23 curse to be cursed, and come and swear before this altar in this 
house, thou indeed wilt hearken from heaven, and act and 
judge thy servants by retributing to the wicked and requiting 
his ways upon his head, by justifying the righteous, and recom- 
pensing him according to his righteousness. 

24 And if thy people Israel be discomfited before the enemy, 
though they have sinned against thee, yet when they return and 
confess to thy name, and pray and make supplication before 

25 thee in this house; thou indeed wilt hear from heaven and 


pardon the sins of thy people Israel, and bring them back to 
the land which thou hast given to them and their fathers. 

26 And when the heaven is shut up, and there is no rain be- 
cause they have sinned against thee ; yet when they pray to- 
wards this place and praise thy name, and turn from their sins 

27 because thou hast humbled them ; thou indeed wilt hear from 
heaven and pardon the sins of thy servants and of thy people 
Israel ; for thou wilt shew them the good way in which they are 
to walk, and wilt send rain on this thy land which thou hast 
given to thy people for an inheritance. 

28 If there be famine in the land, if there be pestilence, blasting 
or mildew ; or if there be locusts of any kind ; or if their enemy 

29 before their gates afflict them ; whatever the stroke, whatever 
the affliction may be, and in consequence thereof, whatever 
may be the prayer and whatever the supplication which may 
be made by any man, or by all thy people Israel ; when a man 
shall know his own sore, or his own affliction, and shall spread 

30 forth his hands towards this house ; thou indeed wilt hear from 
heaven, from thy settled abode, and be merciful, and wilt ren- 
der to every one according to his ways, as thou knowest his 

31 heart ; (for thou alone knowest the hearts of the children of 
men) that they may revere all thy ways, all the days which 
they may live in the land which thou hast given our fathers. 

32 And with regard to every stranger who is not of thy people 
Israel, but who may have come from a distant land, on account 
of thy great name, and thy mighty hand, and thy out stretched 

33 arm, when they come and pray towards this place; thou in- 
deed wilt hear from heaven — from thy settled abode, and wilt 
do according to all for which the stranger calleth on thee, that 
all the tribes of the earth may know thy name, and that they, 
like thy people Israel, may fear thee, and know that this house 
which I have built is called by thy name. 

34 And when thy people shall go forth to war against their 
enemies in the way which thou shalt send them, and shall pray 
to thee towards this city which thou hast chosen, and towards 

35 this house which I have built to thy name ; thou indeed wilt 
hear from heaven their prayer and their supplication, and 
maintain their cause. 

36 When they shall sin against thee (for there is no man who 
may not sin) and thou shalt smite them, and deliver them up 



before the face of their enemies, and they who captivate them 
shall carry them away captives to an enemy's country, far off 

37 or near home; when they change their heart in the land to 
which they have been removed, and return and supplicate thee 

38 in the land of their captivity, saying, We have sinned, we 
have transgressed, we have done wickedly ; and turn to thee 
with their whole heart, and their whole soul, in the land of 
those who have captivated them, whithersoever they may have 
carried them captives ; when they shall pray towards their 
land which thou gavest to their fathers, and towards this city 
which thou hast chosen, and this house which I have built for 

39 thy name : thou, from heaven, from thy settled abode, wilt 
hear their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their 
cause, and be reconciled to thy people who have sinned against 

40 And now, Lord, let thine eyes, I beseech thee, be open 
and thine ears attentive to the prayer made in this place. And, 
now, arise, Lord God, into thy rest, thou and the ark of thy 
strength. Let thy priests, Lord God, be clothed with salva- 
tion, and thy children made glad with good things. Turn not 
away, Lord God, the face of thine anointed. Remember the 
mercies of David thy servant. 

VII. And soon as Solomon finished his prayer the fire from 
heaven descended and consumed the whole burnt offerings 
with their sacrifices. Now the glory of the Lord filled the 
house so that the priests could not enter the house of the Lord 
at that time, because the glory of the Lord filled the house. 
3 And when all the Israelites saw the fire descending and the 
glory of the Lord on the house, they fell with their face to the 
ground on the pavement. And when they had worshipped, 
they sung to the Lord the hymn of praise, For it is </ood : for 
It is mercy endureth forever, while the king and all the people 

5 were offering incense before the Lord. Then king Solomon 
offered as a thank offering twenty two thousand beeves and a 
hundred and twenty thousand sheep. 

6 Now when the king and all the people dedicated the house, 
while the priests were standing in their watches ; and the Le- 
vites, with the musical instruments of the Lord, made by king 
David to praise the Lord, for his mercy endureth forever, were 


performing with thern in tlie hymns of David ; and the priests 
were sounding the trumpets before them ; and all the people 
were standing ; Solomon consecrated the middle of the court 
which belonged to the house of the Lord, that he might offer 
there the whole burnt offerings with the suet of the thank of- 
ferings, because the brasen altar which Solomon had made 
was not capable of receiving the whole burnt offerings with 
the sacrifices of the suet. 

8 So Solomon kept the festival at that time seven days, he 
and all Israel with him, an exceeding great congregation from 

9 the bay of Aimath to the torrent of Egypt. And on the eighth 
day he made a finishing feast, for he had celebrated the dedica- 

10 tion of the altar with a festival of seven days. And on the 
three and twentieth day of the seventh month he sent away 
the people to their abodes, glad, and with cheerful hearts for 
all the goodness which the Lord had shewn to David, and to 
Solomon, and to his people Israel. 

11 Solomon having thus finished the house of the Lord, and 
the house of the king, and having been prospered in doing all 
that came into his heart for the house of the Lord, and his own 
house, the Lord appeared that night to Solomon and said to 

12 him, I have heard thy prayer and made choice of this place 

13 for myself to be a house of sacrifice. If I shut up heaven and 
there be no rain; or if I command the locust to devour the 

14 trees ; or send a pestilence among my people ; when my peo- 
ple who are called by my name humble themselves, and pray 
to me and seek my favour, and turn from their evil ways, I 
will hear from heaven and forgive their sins, and heal their 

15 land. And now mine eyes shall be open and my ears attentive 

16 to the prayer made in this place. For I have now chosen and 
hallowed this house, that my name may be there forever ; and 

17 mine eyes and my heart shall be there continually. And if thou 
wilt walk before me as thy father David did, and do according 
to all that I have commanded thee, and keep my statutes and 

18 my judgments, I will establish the throne of thy kingdom as I 
covenanted with thy father David, saying, The ruler over Is- 

19 rael shall not be taken from thee. But if you turn aside and 
forsake my statutes and my commandments which I have set 
before you ; and go and serve strange gods and worship them, 


I will assuredly remove you from this laud which I have given 

20 them. And I will remove out of my sight this house which I 
have hallowed to my name, and make it a proverb and a bye 

21 word among all the nations. Yes, at this house which is so lofty, 
every one who passeth by it shall be astonished, and say, Why 

22 hath the Lord dealt thus with this land and this house? To 
which it will be answered, Because they forsook the Lord, the 
God of their fathers, who brought them out of the land of 
Egypt, and took other gods in his stead, and worshipped them 
and served them, therefore he brought upon them all this 

VIII. Now after the twenty years in which Solomon built the 

2 house of the Lord, and his own house, he rebuilt those cities 
which Chiram returned to him, and caused the Israelites to 

3 dwell there. Then he went to Baisoba and strengthened it. 

4 And he built Thoedmor in the wilderness, and all those forti- 

5 fled cities which he built in Emath. He rebuilt also the upper 
and the lower Baithoron, cities fortified with walls, gates and 

6 bars ; and Balath and all the strong cities which belonged to 
Solomon ; and all the chariot cities, and the cities for the caval- 
ry, and whatever he had an inclination to build at Jerusalem, 

7 or on Libanus, or in all his kingdom. With regard to all the 
people who were left of the Chettites and the Amorites and 
the Pheresites and the Evites and the Jebusites who were not 

8 Israelites, but descendants of the children of them who were 
left in the land, whom the children of Israel had not rooted out, 

9 these Solomon laid under tribute as at this day. But of the 
children of Israel he made no servants for his kingdom. For 
behold they were warriors, and chiefs, and officers, and the 

10 captains of chariots and horsemen. And there were two hun- 
dred and fifty of them who superintended king Solomon's 

11 overseers who kept the people to work. Moreover king So- 
lomon brought Pharao's daughter from the city of David, 
to the house which he had built for her ; for he said, My wife 
shall not dwell in the city of David king of Israel ; for the place 
to which the ark of the Lord hath come is holy. 

12 Then Solomon offered whole burnt offerings to the Lord 
on the altar which he had built to the Lord over against the 

13 temple according to the daily rate for every day, which were 


to be offered according to the commands of Moses, on the 
sabbaths and at the new moons, and at the festivals which were 
three in the year — the festival of unleavened bread, the festival 

14 of weeks, and the festival of tabernacles. And according to the 
regulation of his father David, he appointed the courses of the 
priests according to their services ; and the Levites were set 
to their charges to sing praises and to minister before the 
priests, as the duty of every day required ; and the keepers of 

15 the gates were distributed into their classes for every gate. For 
so David, the man of God had commanded. They transgress- 
ed not the commands of the king, respecting the priests or the 
Levites who were appointed to every charge, or over the trea- 

16 sures. Now all this business had been prepared from the day 
Solomon laid the foundation, but it was deferred until he had 
finished the house of the Lord. 

17 Then Solomon went to Gesion-gaber and to Ailath, which 
is on the sea shore in the land of Idumea ; and Chiram sent 
him by the hand of his servants, ships and seamen, and they 
went with Solomon's servants to Sopphira, and brought thence 
four hundred and fifty talents of gold, and came to Solomon. 

IX. AVhen the queen of Saba heard of the fame of Solomon, 
she came to Jerusalem with a great retinue, to try him with 
hard questions, and brought with her camels carrying spices 
in abundance, and gold and precious stones. And when she 
came to Solomon and propounded to him all the questions 
which were in her mind, Solomon solved all her questions. 

2 Not a question escaped Solomon, which he did not solve for 

3 her. And when the queen of Saba saw the wisdom of Solo- 

4 mon, and the house which he had built, and the provisions of 
his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the order of his 
attendants and their apparel, and his butlers and their dress, and 
the whole burnt offerings which he offered in the house of the 

5 Lord, she was astonished, and said to the king, It was a true 
report which I heard in my own country concerning thine acts 

and concerning thy wisdom ; but I did not believe the reports 
until I came and saw with my own eyes. Now behold 1 was 

7 not told one half of the greatness of thy wisdom. Thou hast 
surpassed the report which I heard. Happy are these men of 
thine ! happy these thy servants who wait upon thee continu- 
ally and hear thy wisdom ! blessed be the Lord thy God who 


delighted in thee to set thee on his throne, to be a king for the 
Lord thy God. Because the Lord thy God loved Israel, there- 
fore, that he might establish thern forever, he made thee king 
9 over them to execute judgment and justice. Then she gave 
the king a hundred and twenty talents of gold, and spices in 
great abundance, and precious stones. There were no such 
spices as those which the queen of Saba gave to king So- 

10 lomon. The servants of Solomon also, and the servants of 
Chiram, brought gold to Solomon from Souphir, and algum 

11 timber and precious stones. And of the algum timber the king- 
made stairs for the house of the Lord, and for the king's 
house ; and kitharas and nablas for the singers ; for such had 

12 never been seen before in the land of Juda. And when king 
Solomon had given the queen of Saba all her desire — what- 
ever she asked, exclusive of the return which he made for all 

13 that she had brought to the king, she returned to her own 

Now the quantity of gold which was brought to Solomon 
in one year, was six hundred and sixty six talents of gold, be- 
sides what was brought by subjects and merchants, by all the 
kings of Arabia and the lords of the country, who all brought 

15 gold and silver to king Solomon. And king Solomon made 
two hundred bucklers of beaten gold; six hundred shekels of 
pure gold were on each buckler ; and three hundred shields of 
beaten gold ; each shield being plated with three hundred she- 
kels of gold. And the king deposited these in the house of the 

17 forest of Libanus. The king made also a great throne of ivory 
and overlaid it with pure gold. There were six steps up to the 
throne, which was overlaid with gold ; and arms on each side of 
the seat of the throne ; and two lions standing at the two arms, and 
twelve lions standing on the six steps, on the one side and the 

20 other. There was not the like in any kingdom. Moreover all the 
utensils of king Solomon were of gold. And all the utensils of 
the house of the forest of Libanus were plated with gold. Sil- 
ver was not of estimation in the days of Solomon for any pur- 

21 pose. For a fleet went for the king to Tharsis with the ser- 
vants of Chiram. And once every three years, ships came from 
Tharsis for the king, laden with gold and silver and elephants' 

22 teeth and apes. So that Solomon was magnified above all the 


23 kings both in riches and wisdom. And all the kings of the 
land sought an interview with Solomon, to hear his wisdom 

24 which God had put in his heart. And they brought, every one 
his gifts, vessels of silver and vessels of gold, with raiment, 

25 stacte, perfumes, horses and mules ; and this every year. And 
Solomon had four thousand breeding mares for his chariots, 
and twelve thousand horsemen; and these he placed in the 

26 chariot cities, and with the king at Jerusalem. And he was 
ruler over all the kings, from the river to the land of the Phi- 

27 listines, and to the borders of Egypt. And the king made 
gold and silver in Jerusalem, plenteous as stones, and cedars 

28 as the sycamine trees in the plain for multitude. And Solo- 
mon had horses brought for him out of Egypt and from every 

29 land. Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, first and last, be- 
hold they are written in the book of Nathan the prophet, and 
in the book of Achia the Selonite, and in the visions of Joel 

oO the seer concerning Jeroboam son of Nabat. And when Solo- 
mon had reigned over all Israel forty years, he slept and was 
buried in the city of David his father, and Roboam his son 
reigned in his stead. 
X. Now Jeroboam son of Nabat had fled from the presence 
1 of king Solomon, and taken up his abode in Egypt. But re- 
ceiving intelligence in Egypt, and being sent for he had return- 
:) ed from Egypt. So when Roboam went to Sychem (for to 
Sychem all Israel went to make him king) Jeroboam and all 

4 the congregation came to Roboam and said, Thy father made 
our yoke heavy, now therefore abate something of the griev- 
ous service of thy father, and of his heavy yoke, which he laid 

5 on us, and we will serve thee. Thereupon he said to them, 
b* Go away for three days and then come to me. And when 

the people were gone, king Roboam assembled the elders who 
had stood before his father Solomon in his life time, and said 

7 to them, How do you advise me to answer this people ? And 
they spoke to him saying, If thou indulge the people this day, 
and soothe them, and speak kindly to them, they will be thy 

8 servants forever. But he slighted the counsel which the el- 
ders gave him, and consulted the young men, who had been 
brought up with him, and who waited on him, and said to 

9 them, What answer do you advise me to give to this people, 


who have spoken to me saying, Abate something of the yoke, 

10 which thy father laid upon us. And the young men, who had 
been brought up with him, spoke to him saying, Thus shalt 
thou speak to this people, who hath spoken to thee saying, 
Thy father made our yoke heavy, do thou therefore lighten it 

11 for us— thus thou shalt say, My little finger shall be thicker 
than my father's loins. Now therefore my father chastened 
you with a heavy yoke, but I will add to your yoke. My fa- 
ther chastised you with whips; but I will chastise you with 

12 scorpions. So when Jeroboam and all the people came to Ro- 
boam on the third day, as the king had spoken saying, Come 
again to me on the third day, the king answered them roughly. 

13 King Roboam slighted the counsel of the elders, and spoke 

14 to them according to the advice of the young men, saying, 
My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add to it ; my 
father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with 

15 scorpions. So the king did not hearken to the people ; for the 
revolution was from God. And upon one's saying, The Lord 
hath established his word which he spoke by the ministry of 
Achia the Selonite concerning Jeroboam son of Nabat, and all 

16 Israel ; for the king hath not hearkened to them, the people an- 
swered the king, and said, What portion have we in David? 
And what inheritance in the son of Jessai? To your tents 

17 Israel ! Now David, look thou to thine own house. So Israel 
went away to their habitations ; and when some men of Israel 
and thev who dwelt in the cities of Juda, had made Roboam 

18 king over them, and Roboam the king sent to them Adoni- 
ram, who was over the tribute, the sons of Israel stoned him 
with stones, till he died. Upon which the king Roboam hast- 

19 ened to mount his chariot to flee to Jerusalem ; and Israel re- 
volted from the house of David to this day. 

XL Now when Roboam came to Jerusalem and had assem- 
bled of Juda and Benjamin, a hundred and eighty thousand 
of the young men who were warriors, and was going to war 
with Israel, to restore the kingdom to Roboam ; a word of 

2 the Lord came to Samaias, a man of God, saying, Speak to 

3 Roboam son of Solomon, and to all Juda and Benjamin, and 
say, Thus saith the Lord, You shall not go up nor fight with 

4 your brethren. Return every man to his house, for this thing 


is done by me. So they hearkened to the word of the Lord, 

5 and did not go up against Jeroboam. And Roboam dwelt at 

6 Jerusalem and built walled cities in Judea. He built Bethle- 
hem and Aitan and Thekoe and Bathsura and Sokchoth and 
Odollam and Geth and Marisa and Ziph and Adorai and 
Lachis and Azeka and Saraa and Ailom and Chebron, walled 

11 cities of Juda and Benjamin. And when he had strengthened 
them with walls, he appointed governors in them, with stores 

12 of provisions, oil and wine. And in every city he put shields 

13 and spears, and made them very strong. Now there were 
with him Juda and Benjamin. And the priests and the Le- 
vites who were in all Israel, resorted to him, from all their 

1-i borders. For the Levites left the habitations of their posses- 
sion and went to Juda to Jerusalem ; for Jeroboam and his 

15 sons cast them out from ministering to the Lord, and made for 
himself priests of the high places for the idols, and the vani- 

16 ties and the calves which Jeroboam made. He expelled also 
from among the tribes of Israel them who set their hearts to 
seek the Lord God of Israel, and they came to Jerusalem to 
sacrifice to the Lord God of their fathers, and strengthened the 

17 kingdom of Juda. So he strengthened Roboam son of Solomon 
three years, because for three years he walked in the ways of 

18 David and Solomon. Now Roboam took for himself to wife 
Moolath a daughter of Jeriniouth a son of David, and Abigaia 
a daughter of Eliab the son of Jessai, who bore him sons, name- 

19 ly Jeus and Samoria and Zaam ; and after that he took to wife 
Maacha a daughter of Abessalom, and she bore him Abia and 

21 Jetthi and Zoza and Salemoth. And Roboam loved Maacha, 
daughter of Abessaloni, more than all his wives and concubines, 
(for he had eighteen wives and sixty concubines, and by them he 

22 had twenty eight sons and sixty daughters ; ) so he appointed 
Abia the son of Maacha to be chief and ruler among his brothers. 

23 Because he determined to make him king, therefore he was 
exalted above all his sons in all the borders of Juda and Ben- 
jamin, and in fortified cities. And he supplied these cities with 
provisions in abundance, and procured for him a multitude of 

XII. But when the kingdom of Roboam was established, and 
when he was become strong, he forsook the commandments of 
VOL. II. c 


2 the Lord, and all Israel with him. And in the fifth year of the 
reign of Koboain, Sousakini king of Egypt came up against Je- 
rusalem, because they had sinned in the sight of the Lord, with 

o twelve hundred chariots and sixty thousand horsemen, but of 
the multitude who came with him out of Egypt, Lybians, 
Trogodytes and Ethiopeans there was no numbering them. 

4 And when they had taken the fortified cities which were in Ju- 

5 da and were coming to Jerusalem, Saruaias the prophet went 
to Koboam and to the chiefs of Juda who were assembled at 
Jerusalem for fear of Sousakim, and said to them > Thus saith 
the Lord, You have left me, therefore I will leave you in the 

6 hands of Sousakini. Whereupon the chiefs of Israel and the 

7 king were ashamed and said, The Lord is righteous. And 
when the Lord saw that they were ashamed, a word of the Lord 
came to Samaias saying, They are ashamed. I will not destroy 
them utterly, but will in a little while grant them deliverance ; 

8 and my wrath shall not be poured out on Jerusalem. Never- 
theless they shall be servants, that they may know my service 

9 and the service of the kings of the earth. So Sousakim the king 
of Egypt came up against Jerusalem and took the treasures in 
the house of the Lord and the treasures in the king's house. 

10 All these he took. He took also the golden shields which So 
lomon made ; and king lloboam made shields of brass in their 
stead. Now Sousakim had set over him the chiefs of the guards, 

11 those who guarded the king's gate. So when the king went to 
the house of the Lord, some of his keepers went in with the 
guards, and some who were to bring him back went to meet 

12 the guards. But when he became humble the wrath of the 
Lord was turned from him ; for it was not for utter destruction ; 

13 for still there were good things in Juda. 

Now when king Koboam strengthened himself in Jerusalem 
and began to reign, he was forty one years old at this commence- 
ment of his reign and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, 
in the city which the Lord had chosen out of all the tribes of 

14 Israel, to put his name there : And his mother's name was 
Noomma the Ammonitess, and he did evil, for he did not di- 

15 rect his heart to seek the Lord. Now the acts of Eoboam, first 
and last, behold are they not written in the book of Samaias 
the prophet and of Addo the seer ? Also his exploits, for there 


16 was a war between him and Jeroboam continually. And when 
Eoboam died he was buried with his fathers in the city of Da- 
vid, and Abia his son reigned in his stead. 

XIII. In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam, Abia 

2 began to reign over Juda. He reigned three years in Jerusalem, 
and his mother's name was Maacha, a daugter of Uriel of Ga- 

3 baon. Now there was a war between Abia and Jeroboam. And 
when Abia had drawn up in array his army consisting of forty 
thousand fighting men, and Jeroboam had drawn up in array 

4 for battle against him with eighty thousand fighting men ; Abia 
rose up from mount Sonioron which is on mount Ephraim and 

5 said, Hearken Jeroboam and all Israel ! Ought you not to know 
that the Lord God, the God of Israel, gave the office of king 
over Israel forever to David and his sons by a covenant of salt ? 

6 Yet Jeroboam the son of Xabat, the servant of Solomon son of 

7 David, rose up and fled from his lord, and there were gathered 
to him wicked factious men, so that he rose up against Eoboam 
the son of Solomon, when he was young and faint hearted and 

8 unable to withstand biin; and now you think of rising up 
against the kingdom of the Lord administered by the suns of 
David. You indeed are a great multitude, and you have with 
you the calves of gold which Jeroboam hath made for you to 

9 be your gods. Have you not expelled the priests of the Lord, 
the children of Aaron, and the Levites, and made for yourselves 
priests of the people of every land ? Whoever came to conse- 
crate himself with a young bull from the herd, and seven rams, 

10 was made a priest to a thing which is no God. But'as for us, 
we have not forsaken the Lord our God. His priests the sons 
of Aaron, and the Levites minister to the Lord in their courses. 

11 They burn to the Lord, every morning and evening, the whole 
burnt offering with the sacrifice of compound incense. We 
have the presence loaves set in order on the pure table, and the 
golden candlestick with the lamps for light, to be lighted every 
evening ; for we keep the watches of the Lord, the God of our 

12 fathers, though you have forsaken him. Now behold with us, 
at our head, is the Lord and his priests, and the trumpets of 
alarm to sound a charge against you. sons of Israel, fight 
not against the Lord God of your fathers, for it will not pros- 
per with you. 


13 Now Jeroboam had detached an ambuscade to come upon 
his rear. He was before Juda and the ambuscade was behind 

14 them. And when Juda looked back behold the battle was both 
in front and in the rear. Thereupon they cried to the Lord, 
and the priests sounded the trumpets, and the men of Juda 

15 shouted. And when the men of Juda shouted, the Lord smote 

16 Jeroboam and Israel before Abia and Juda. And the Israelites 

17 fled before Juda, and the Lord delivered them into their hands, 
so that Abia and his people smote them with a great slaughter, 

18 and there fell of Israel, slain, fifty thousand warriors. And the 
Israelites were humbled that day, and the sons of Juda pre- 
vailed because they trusted in the Lord God of their fathers. 

19 And Abia continued the pursuit after Jeroboam and took 
from him the following cities, Baithel with the villages thereof, 
and Jesuna with the villages thereof, and Ephron with the vil- 

20 lages thereof. And Jeroboam did not again recover strength 
all the days of Abia. And the Lord smote him and he died ; 

21 but Abia became mighty. Having taken fourteen wives he 

22 had twenty two sons and sixteen daughters. Now the rest of 
the acts of Abia, his transactions and affairs, are written in the 

XIY. book of the prophet Addo. And when Abia died they 
buried him with his fathers, in the city of David, and Asa his 
son reigned in his stead. 

2 In the days of Asa the land of Juda was quiet ten years. And he 

3 did that which was good and right in the sight of the Lord his God. 
He removed the altars of the strange gods, and the high places, 

4 and broke in pieces the pillars, and cut down the bowers, and 
ordered Juda to seek the Lord God of their fathers, and to per- 

5 form the law and the commandments. And having removed 
out of all the cities of Juda the altars and the idols, he gave 

f) peace to the fortified cities in the land of Juda : because the 
country enjoyed peace, and he had no war during those years, 

7 for the Lord gave him rest; therefore he said to Juda, let us 
rebuild the cities, and make walls and towers, and gates and 
bars, and secure dominion over the country before them. For 
as we have sought the Lord our God, he hath sought us, and 

8 given us rest all around, and prospered us. Now xisa had in 
the land of Juda an army of three hundred thousand men bear- 
ing shields and spears, and in the land of Benjamin shield 


bearers and bowmen, two hundred and eighty six thousand. 
9 All these were fighting men. And Zare the Ethiopean came 
out against them with an army of a million, with three hundred 
10 chariots. And when he had advanced as far as Maresa, Asa went 
out to meet him, and drew up for battle, in the vale north of Ma- 
ll resa, and Asa cried to the Lord his God, and said, Lord, it is 
nothing with thee to save with many or with few. Strengthen us, O 
Lord our Clod ; for on thee is our reliance ; and in thy name we are 
come against this great multitude. Lord our God, let not 
man prevail against thee. So the Lord smote the Ethiopeans 

12 before Juda. And the Ethiopeans fled, and Asa and his peo- 

13 pie pursued them as far as Gedor. And the Ethiopeans fell 
so that they could not recover themselves ; for they were 

14 trampled down before the Lord, and before his army. And 
when they had taken immense spoils, and smitten the towns 
about Gedor (for the terror of the Lord was upon them) and 
had rifled all their cities (for there was much plunder in them) 
and plundered their tents, and smitten the Alimazonians and 
taken many sheep and camels, and were returning to Jerusa- 

XV. lem ; the Spirit of the Lord came upon Azarias son of 
Oded, and he went out to meet Asa and all Juda and Benja- 

2 min, and said, Hear me Asa, and all Juda and Benjamin. The 
Lord is with you, while you are with him. And if you seek 
him, he will be found by you. But if you forsake him, he will 

3 forsake you. And though for a long time Israel may be with- 
out the true God, and without a teaching priest, and without 

4 law, yet when they shall turn to the Lord God of Israel, he 

5 will be found by them. And though at that time there be no 
peace to him who goeth out, or to him who cometh in, be- 
cause the terror of the Lord is on all the inhabitants of these 

(> countries — though nation may fight against nation, and city 
against city, because God hath confounded them with all 

7 kinds of affliction ; yet strengthen ye yourselves, and let not 
your hands be weak ; for your work shall be rewarded. 

8 Upon hearing these words and this prophecy of the pro- 
phet Adad, Asa took courage, and removed the abominations 
out of all the land of Juda and Benjamin, and from all the cities 
lie held from Jeroboam, on mount Ephraim. And having de- 
dicated anew the altar of the Lord, which is before the temple 

9 of the Lord, he assembled Juda and the strangers who wor- 


shipped with him from Ephraim, and from Manasses, and 
from Symeon, for many of the Israelites had joined him 

10 when they saw that the Lord his God was with him. And when 
they assembled at Jerusalem in the third month, in the 

11 fifteenth year of the reign of Asa, he offered as a sacrifice to the 
Lord on that day, of the prey which they had brought, seven 
hundred beeves and seven thousand sheep, and entered into a 

12 covenant to seek the Lord God of their fathers, with all their 

13 heart and with all their soul; and that whoever would not seek 
the Lord God of Israel should be put to death, whether young 

14 or old, whether man or woman. And when they had sworn to 
the Lord with a loud voice, the trumpets and the cornets 

15 sounded, and all Juda rejoiced at the oath ; for they swore with 
their whole heart, and sought him with their whole desire, and 

16 he was found by them. And the Lord gave them rest round 
about. Moreover he restrained Maacha his mother from per- 
forming religious service to Astarte. And he cut to pieces the 

17 idol, and burned it by the brook Kedron. But the high places 

18 were not removed. They still remained in Israel. But Asa's 
heart was perfect all his days. And he brought in the dedica- 
tions of his father David, the holy things appertaining to the 
house of God, silver and gold and vessels. 

19 Now Asa was engaged in no war, till the thirty fifth year 
XVI. of his reign. But in the thirty eighth year of the reign 

of Asa, the king of Israel came up against Juda, and began 
building Bama, in order to stop all outlet and inlet to Asa 

2 king of Juda ; whereupon Asa took silver and gold, out of 
the treasuries of the house of the Lord, and the king's house, 

3 and sent to the son of Ader king of Syria, who dwelt at Da- 
mascus, saying, Make a covenant between me and thee, as 
there was between my father and thy father. Behold I have 
sent thee gold and silver, come and remove from me Baasa 

4 king of Israel and let him depart from me. Accordingly Son 
Ader hearkened to king Asa and sent the generals of his army 
against the cities of Israel, and smote Aion and Dan and Abel- 

5 main, and all the territories adjacent to Nephthaleim. At the 
news of this Baasa quitted building, and put a stop to the 

work. Whereupon king Asa took all Juda, and carried away 
the stones of Kama and the timber thereof, with which Baasa 



7 was building, and with them built Gabae and Ataspha. At 
that time Anani the prophet, came to Asa king of Juda 
and said to him, Seeing thou hast put thy trust in the king 
of Syria, and hast not relied on the Lord thy God, therefore 
the army of the king of Syria hath escaped out of thy hand. 

8 Were not the Ethiopeans and the Lybians to be dreaded for 
their huge army? For their prowess, for their horsemen, for 
their immense multitude ? Yet because thou didst rely on 

9 the Lord, he delivered them into thy hand. For the eyes of 
the Lord look throughout the whole earth, to strengthen them 
whose heart is perfect towards him. In this matter thou hast 

10 acted foolishly. Henceforward thou shalt have war. Upon 
this Asa was enraged at the prophet, and committed him to 
prison. Because this gave offence, Asa proceeded to outrage 

11 against the people at the same time. Now behold the acts of 
Asa first and last, are written in the book of the kings of Juda 
and Israel. 

12 In the thirty ninth year of his reign, Asa was diseased in 
his feet, till he became very sick ; but in his sickness he did 

13 not apply to the Lord, but to physicians. And Asa slept with 
his fathers. He died in the fortieth year of his reign, and they 

14 buried him in the tomb which he had hewn out for himself, 
in the city of David. And when they had composed him on 
the bed, they filled it with spices, and all kinds of perfumes 
prepared by apothecaries, and made a very great funeral pro- 
cession for him, and Josaphat his son reigned in his stead. 

XVII. And Josaphat strengthened himself against Israel, and 
put garrisons in all the fortified cities of Juda, and appointed 
governors in all the cities of Juda, and in the cities of Ephraim, 
which his father Asa had taken, and the Lord was with Josa- 

3 phat. Because he walked in the first ways of his father and 

4 consulted not the idols, but sought the Lord God of his fa- 
ther, and walked in the commands of his father, and not ac- 

5 cording to the works of Israel, therefore the Lord established 
the kingdom in his hand, and all Juda gave gifts to Josaphat, 

6 so that he had riches and honour in abundance : and his heart 
being exalted in the way of the Lord, he removed the high 

7 places and the bowers out of the land of Juda. And in the 
third year of his reign, he sent with the heads of families these 


rulers of his, namely, Abdias and Zacharias and Natha- 

8 niel and Michaias, to teach in the cities of Juda; and with 
them were these Levites, namely Samaias and Nathanias and 
Zabdias and Asiel and Semiramoth and Jonathan and Ado- 
nias and Tobias and Tobadonias who were Levites ; and with 
them Elisama and Joram who were priests, and they taught 

9 in Juda. Having with them the book of the law of the Lord, 
they went through the cities of Juda, and taught the people. 

10 And there was a dread of the Lord on all the kingdoms of the 
land around Juda, so that they did not make war on Josaphat. 

11 Nay from the Philistines they brought Josaphat silver for their 
gifts. And the Arabs brought him for their gifts, seven thou- 

12 sand seven hundred rams. And Josaphat advanced in great- 
ness to a high degree, and built castles and strong cities in 

13 Judea, and had many works done for him in Judea. And 
with regard to the warriors, the mighty men, who strength- 

14 ened him in Jerusalem, this was the number of them accord- 
ing to the houses of their patriarchal families. The chiliarchs 
for Juda were Edna the chief, and with him sons, mighties 

15 of the army, three hundred chiliads; and after him Joanan 

16 the leader and with him two hundred and eighty chiliads ; and 
after him Amasias the Zarite, who devoted himself to the 

17 Lord, and with him two hundred chiliads, mighties of the ar- 
my ; and from Benjamin a mighty of the army, namely Eliada, 
and with him bow men, and those armed with shields, two 

18 hundred chiliads ; and after him Jozabad, and with him eighty 
chiliads, mighties of battle. All these waited on the king, ex- 
cepting them whom the king placed in the fortified cities 
throughout all Judea. 

XVIII. Now while Josaphat was still advancing in riches and 

2 great glory, he allied himself by marriage with the house of 
Achab, and after some years, went down to Samaria to Achab. 
And Achab sacrificed sheep and bullocks in abundance for 
him, and the people with him, and made court to him that he 

3 might go with him to Kamoth of Galaaditis. And when Achab 
king of Israel said to Josaphat king of Juda, Wilt thou go with 
me to Kamoth of Galaaditis, he replied, I am as thou art. As 

4 is thy people, so is mine with thee for battle. Then Josaphat 

5 said to the king of Israel, Inquire now I pray thee of the Lord. 


Thereupon the king of Israel assembled the prophets, four 
hundred men, and said to them, Shall I go to Ramoth Galaad 
to battle, or shall I forbear ? And they said, Go up, for God 

6 will deliver into the king's hands. Then Josaphat said, Is 
there not here a prophet of the Lord, that we may inquire by 

7 him ? And the king of Israel said to Josaphat, There is still 
a man, by whom we may inquire of the Lord, but I hate him, 
for he never prophesieth good of me, but always evil — one 
Michaias, son of Jembla. And Josaphat said, Let not the king 

8 speak so. Then the king called a chamberlain, and said, Bring 

9 here quickly Michaias, son of Jembla. Now the king of Israel 
and Josaphat king of Juda, were seated each on his throne, ar- 
rayed in robes, and they sat in the open space at the entrance of 
the gate of Samaria, and all the prophets prophesied before them. 

10 And Sedekias, son of Chanaan, made for himself horns of iron, 
and said, Thus saith the Lord, With these thou shalt push Syria 

1 1 until it be destroyed. And all the prophets prophesied in like 
manner, saying, Go up to Ramoth Galaad, and thou shalt pros- 

12 per; for the Lord will deliver into the king's hands. So the mes- 
senger who went to call Michaias spoke to him, saying, Behold 
all the prophets have, with one mouth, spoken good things of the 
king, let thy words, I pray thee, be as one of them, and speak 

13 good things. To whom Michaias replied, As the Lord liveth, 

14 whatever God shall say to me, that I will speak. And when he 
came to the king, the king said to him, Michaias, shall I go 
to Ramoth Galaad to battle, or shall I forbear ? To which he 
replied, Go up that thou mayst prosper, and they be delivered 

15 into your hands ! Then the king said to him, How often must 
I adjure thee that thou speak nothing to me but truth, in the 

16 name of the Lord? Whereupon he said, I saw Israel scattered 
upon the mountains like sheep, which have no shepherd. And 
the Lord said, They have no leader, let them return every man 

17 to his house in peace. Then the king of Israel said to Josaphat, 
Did I not tell thee, that he would not prophesy good of me, 

18 but evil? And Michaias said, Is not this the case? Hear a 
word of the Lord : I saw the Lord seated on his throne, and all 
the host of heaven stood, some on his right and some on his 

19 left. And the Lord said, Who will deceive Achab, king of 
Israel, that he may go up and fall at Ramoth Galaad. And 

VOL. II. d 


20 when one spoke in this manner and another in that, there came 
forth a spirit and stood before the Lord, and said, I will deceive 

21 him. And the Lord said, By what means ? To which he re- 
plied, I will go forth and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all 

22 his prophets. And he said, Thou wilt deceive and prevail ; go 
and do so. Now therefore behold, the Lord hath put a lying 
spirit in the mouth of these thy prophets. But the Lord hath 
spoken evil against thee. 

23 Then Sedekias, son of Chanaan, came near and smote Mi- 
chaias on the cheek, and said to him, Which way went the 

24 spirit of the Lord from me to speak to thee ? To which Mi- 
chaias replied, Behold thou shalt see on that day, when thou 
shalt go from one inner chamber to another to hide thyself. 

25 Then the king of Israel said, Take Michaias and carry him 
back to Emer the governor of the city, and to Joas the chief, 

2G the king's son, and say, Thus saith the king, Put this fellow 
in prison, and let him be fed with bread of affliction and water 

27 of affliction, until I return in peace. And Michaias said, If 
thou return in peace, the Lord hath not spoken by me. And 
he said, Hear all people ! 

28 Then the king of Israel and Josaphat king of Juda, went 

29 up to Kamoth Galaad, and the king of Israel said to Josaphat, 
Let me disguise myself and I will go into the battle, and put 
thou on my robes. So the king of Israel disguised himself and 

30 went into the battle. Now the king of Syria had given a charge 
to the commanders of his chariots who were with him, saying, 
Fight neither with small nor great, but only with the king of 

31 Israel. So when the commanders of the chariots saw Josaphat, 
they said, This is the king of Israel, and wheeled about in or- 
der to attack him, whereupon Josaphat cried aloud, and the 
Lord saved him, and God caused them to turn back from him. 

32 And when the commanders of the chariots saw that it was not 
the king of Israel and turned from him, a man drew a bow at 
a venture and smote the king of Israel between the lungs and 

33 the breast ; whereupon he said to his charioteer, turn thy hand 

34 and carry me out of the battle, for I am wounded. But as the 
battle was that day disastrous, he was kept in his chariot over 
against the Syrians till the evening, and at the setting of the 
sun he died. 


XIX. Now when Josaphat, king of Juda, was returning to his 

2 house to Jerusalem, .Jehu the son of xVnani the prophet, went 
out to meet him, and said to him, King Josaphat, dost thou aid 

3 a sinner, or form friendship with one hated by the Lord ? On 
this account there would have been wrath against thee, but for 
the good works which have been found in thee, and for thy 
having removed the bowers out of the land of Juda, and direct- 
or ed thy heart to seek the Lord. So Josaphat dwelt at Jerusalem, 

and again went out to the people from Bersabee to Mount 
Ephraim, and brought them back to the Lord God of their 

5 fathers. And when he appointed the judges in all the fortified 

6 cities of Juda, city by city, he said to the judges, Take heed 
what you do. For you judge not for man, but for the Lord, 

7 and with you are the words of the judgment. Now therefore 
let the fear of the Lord be upon you. Keep watch and do your 
duty ; for with the Lord our God there is no injustice, nor re- 

8 spect of persons, nor taking of bribes. In Jerusalem also Josa- 
phat appointed some of the priests and Levites and patriarchs 
of Israel, for the judgment of the Lord, and to judge the in- 

9 habitants of Jerusalem. And he gave them a charge, saying, 
Thus shall you act, in the fear of the Lord, with truth and with an 

10 upright heart — You must all conjointly determine every cause 
of your brethren who dwell in their cities, which shall come 
before you for decision, between blood and blood, and between 
ordinance and command. And you shall explain to them the 
rules of rectitude and judgments, that they may not sin against 
the Lord, and that no wrath may come upon you, nor upon 

11 your brethren. Thus you shall do and not sin. And behold 
Amarias the priest, is ruler over you for every word of the 
Lord, and Zabdias son of Ismael, the ruler over the house of 
Juda, for every matter touching the king ; and the scribes and 
the Levites are to attend you. Be firm and do your duty, and 
the Lord will be with the good. 

XX. After these things the Moabites and the Ammonites, and 
with them some of the Minaians came against Josaphat for 

2 battle ; and there came some who told Josaphat saying, There 
is a great multitude coming against thee from beyond the sea, 
bordering on Syria, and behold they are at Asasan-thamar, 

3 which is Engaddi. Thereupon Josaphat was terrified, and set 


his face to seek the Lord, and proclaimed a fast through all Ju- 

4 da. And when Juda was assembled to seek the Lord — when 
they were come out of all the cities of Juda to seek the Lord, 

5 Josaphat stood up in the congregation of Juda, in Jerusalem, 
in the house of the Lord, in front of the new court, and said, 

6 Lord the God of my fathers, art not thou God in heaven 
above ? Thou indeed rulest over all the kingdoms of the na- 
tions : and in thy hand is the majesty of power ; and there is 

7 none who can withstand thee. Art not thou the Lord who de- 
stroyed the inhabitants of this land from before thy people 
Israel? Thou indeed didst give it to the seed of Abraham 

8 thy beloved, forever: and they have settled therein, and built 

9 therein a sanctuary to thy name, saying, If evils come upon 
us, the sword, judgment, pestilence or famine, we will stand 
before this house and before thee; for thy name is on this 
house ; and cry to thee, because of the affliction, and thou 

10 wilt hear and save. And now behold the Ammonites and the 
Moabites and mount Seir, through whose territories thou 
didst not permit Israel to pass, when they were coming out 

11 of the land of Egypt, for they turned from them and did not 
destroy them; yet now behold they are attempting to come 
out against us, to drive us from this inheritance of ours which 

12 thou hast given us. Lord our God, wilt thou not judge 
them? Because we have not power to withstand this great 
multitude which is coming against us, and do not know what 
to do with them, we can only have our eyes on thee. 

13 And while all the chiefs of Juda were standing before the 

14 Lord, with their wives and children; upon Oziel the son of 
Zacharias of the Banaites — the sons of Eliel, the son of Mat- 
thanias the Levite, one of the sons of Asaph — upon him came 
the spirit of the Lord in the midst of the congregation, and he 

15 said, Hear all ye chiefs of Juda, and ye inhabitants of Jerusa- 
lem, and thou king Josaphat ! Thus saith the Lord to you, 
Be not terrified nor dismayed because of this vast multitude, 

16 for the battle is not yours, but God's only. Go down against 
them to-morrow. Behold they are comiug up by the ascent of 
Asseis, and you will find them at the head of the river of the 

17 wilderness of Jeriel. You have not to fight. Consider these 
things, and see the salvation of the Lord with you. Juda 


and Jerusalem, be not terrified nor afraid to go out to-morrow 
to meet them ; for the Lord is with you. 

18 Thereupon Josaphat bowed down on his face, and while 
all the chiefs of Juda and the inhabitants of Jerusalem pros- 
trated themselves before the Lord to worship him, the Levites 

19 of the sons of Kaath, and of the sons of Kore, stood up to 

20 praise the Lord God of Israel, in the loudest strains. And they 
arose early in the morning, and went out to the wilderness of 
Thekoe. And as they were marching out, Josaphat stood and 
cried with a loud voice, and said, Hear me, Juda, and ye in- 
habitants of Jerusalem. Trust in the Lord our God, and you 
shall be confirmed in your confidence. Confide in his pro- 

21 phet, and you shall prosper. Then he consulted with the peo- 
ple, and appointed the musicians, and them who sing praises, 
to give thanks and to sing the holy songs of praise. So march- 

22 ing at the head of the army, they sung the hymn, praise the 
Lord, for his mercy endureth forever. And when they began 
the song of thanksgiving and praise, the Lord set a fighting the 
Ammonites against Moab and Mount Seir, who were going 

23 out against Juda ; And when they were repelled, the Ammon- 
ites and Moab rose upon the inhabitants of Seir to extermi- 
nate and destroy them. And when they had made an end of 
the inhabitants of Seir, they rose up one against the other till 

21 they were utterly destroyed. So when Juda came to the watch 
tower of the wilderness, and looked and /took a view of the 
multitude, behold they all lay dead on the ground. Not one 
had escaped. 

25 And when Josaphat and his people went to gather the spoil, 
they found cattle in abundance, and furniture and spoils and 
precious utensils. And when they had gathered the spoils 
(now they were three days collecting them, for they were 

26 many) on the fourth day they assembled in the valley of 
Praise; for there they praised the Lord, and for that reason 
called the name of that place, Valley of Praise, which it retain- 

27 eth to this day. Then all Juda with Josaphat their leader, set 

28 out on their return to Jerusalem, with great joy. Because the 
Lord had caused them to rejoice over their enemies, therefore 
they made their entry into Jerusalem, and nablas and kinyras 

29 and trumpets, till they came to the house of the Lord. And 


there was a dread of the Lord on all the kingdoms of the land, 
when they heard that the Lord fought against the enemies of 

30 Israel. 80 the kingdom of Josaphat enjoyed peace, and God 
gave him rest on every side. 

31 Now Josaphat began to reign over Juda when he was thirty 
five years of age, and he reigned twenty five years in Jerusa- 

32 lem ; and his mother's name was Azuba. She was a daughter 
of Sali. And he walked in the ways of his father Asa, and 
turned not aside from doing what was right in the sight of the 

33 Lord. But the high places still remained, and still the people 
did not direct their heart to the Lord the God of their fathers. 

34 Now the rest of the acts of Josaphat, first and last, behold they 
are written among the words of Jehu, son of Anani, who wrote 
the book of the kings of Israel. 

35 After the things above mentioned, Josaphat king of Juda 

36 entered into a partnership with Ochozias, king of Israel, and he 
offended in so doing, and in going to him to build vessels to sail 
to Tharsis. Therefore when he had built vessels at Gesion- 
gaber, Eliezer the son of Dodia, from Marisa, prophesied 
against Josaphat, saying, Because thou hast contracted a friend- 
ship with Ochozias, the Lord hath destroyed thy work, and 
thy vessels are wrecked so that they could not go to Tharsis. 

XXI. When Josephat slept with his fathers, he was buried in 

2 the city of David, and his son Joram reigned in his stead. Now 
he had six brothers sons of Josaphat, namely, Azarias and 
Jeiel, and Zacharias and Azarias, and Michael and Zaphatias. 

3 All these were sons of Josaphat king of Juda. And their father 
gave them many gifts, silver and gold, and arms and walled ci- 
ties in Judea, and gave the kingdom to Joram, because he 

4 was his first born. And when Joram attained the kingdom, 
and had strengthened himself, he slew all his brothers with the 

5 sword, and some of the chiefs of Israel. Joram was thirty two 
years old when he came to the throne, and he reigned eight years 

6 in Jerusalem. And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, 
and as the house of Achab did ; for his wife was a daughter of 

7 Achab. But though he did evil in the sight of the Lord, the 
Lord would not utterly destroy the house of David, because of 
the covenant which he had made with David, and because he 
had promised him, to give him and his sons a lamp continually 


8 In those days Edom revolted from Juda, and set up a king over 

9 themselves. And though Joram went with the chiefs and all the 
cavalry with him ; and though it happened that he arose by 
night and smote Edom who had surrounded him, and the 
commanders of the chariots, and the people fled to their tents, 
yet Edom revolted from Juda, and have continued the revolt 

10 to this day. At this time also, Lomna revolted from his autho- 
rity, because he had forsaken the Lord the God of his fathers. 

11 For he erected high places in the cities of Juda, and caused 
the inhabitants of Jerusalem to go a whoring, and led Juda 

12 astray. And there came to him in writing, a message from 
Elias the prophet, saying, Thus saith the Lord God of David 
thy father, Because thou hast not walked in the way of thy fa- 

13 ther Josaphat, nor in the ways of Asa, king of Juda; but hast 
walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, and caused Juda and 
the inhabitants of Jerusalem to go a whoring, as the house of 
Achab hath done, and hast slain thy brothers the sons of thy 

14 father, better men than thyself, behold the Lord will smite thee 
with a great stroke in thy people, and in thy sons and in thy 

15 wives, and in all thy family; and thou thyself shalt be afflicted 
with a grievous sickness and disorder in thy bowels, until thy 
bowels shall come out with the disorder, from year to year. 

16 So the Lord stirred up against Joram, the Philistines and the 

17 Arabians, and those who bordered on the Ethiopeaus ; and 
they came up against Juda and subdued them, and carried 
away all the family which they found in the king's house, with 
his sons and his daughters, so that he had not a son left except 

18 Ochozias the youngest of his sons. And after all this, the Lord 
smote him with an incurable disorder in his bowels, which 

19 continued from year to year. And at the end of two years, his 
bowels came out with the disorder, and he died of a grievous 
sickness. And the people made no funeral procession for him, 

20 like the procession for his fathers. He was thirty two years old 
when he began to reign, and he reigned eight years in Jerusa- 
lem, and departed unlamented, and was buried in the city of 

XXII. David, but not in the tombs of the kings ; and the inha- 
bitants of Jerusalem made Ochozias, his youngest son, king in 
his stead. Because the plundering band of Arabians and Ali- 
mazonians, who had come against them, had slain all the eld- 


est, therefore Ochozias, son of Joram king of Juda, was made 

2 Ochozias was twenty years old when he began to reign, and 
he reigned one year in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was 

3 Gotholia. She was a daughter of Ambri. And he walked in 
the way of the house of Achab. Because his mother was his 

4 counsellor to incite him to sin, therefore he did evil in the 
sight of the Lord, like the house of Achab. For after the death 

5 of his father, they were his counsellors to his destruction, and 
he walked by their advice, and went with Joram the son of 
Achab, king of Israel, to war against Azael, king of Syria, at 

6 Eamoth Galaad. And when the archers had smitten Joram, 
and he returned to Jezrael to be cured of the wounds which 
were given him by the Syrians, at Eamoth, when he fought 
Azael, king of Syria; Ochozias, son of Joram, king of Juda, 
went down to see Joram, son of Achab, at Jezrael, because he 

7 was sick. Now by the determination of God, this coming to 
Joram was the destruction of Ochozias; for when he came, 
Joram went out with him to Jehu, son of Namessi, who was 

8 the anointed of the Lord, to destroy the house of Achab. And 
it happened, that while Jehu was executing vengeance on the 
house of Achab, he met with the chiefs of Juda and the bre- 

9 thren of Ochozias who attended Ochozias ; and having slain 
them, he ordered search to be made for Ochozias. And they 
found him under cure at Samaria and brought him to Jehu 
and slew him. And they buried him ; for they said he is a de- 
scendant of Josaphat, who sought the Lord with his whole 

10 Now there was none of the house of Ochozias, capable of 
asserting his claim to the kingdom ; so when Gotholia, the 
mother of Ochozias, saw that her son was dead, she arose and 

11 slew all the royal seed in the house of Juda. But Josabeth the 
king's daughter, took Joas son of Ochozias — having stolen 
him from among the children of the king who were slain, she 
put him and his nurse in a chamber of beds and hid them. 
Now Josabeth, who was a daughter of king Joram and sister 
of Ochozias, was the wife of Jodae the priest. So he hid him 
from the sight of Gotholia that she did not kill him ; and he re- 


mained with him hid in the house of the Lord six years, and 
Gotholia reigned over the land. 
XXIII. But in the eighth year Jodae strengthened himself, 
and took the captains of hundreds, namely, Azarias son of 
J oram, and Ismael son of Joanan, and Azarias son of Obed, 
and IMaasias son of Adia, and Elisaphan son of Zacharias, with 
1 him into the house of the Lord. And when they had made a 
circuit round Juda, and had assembled the Levites out of all 
the cities of Juda and the chiefs of the patriarchal families of 

3 Israel ; and they were come to Jerusalem, the whole congre- 
gation of Juda, made a covenant with the king in the house 
of God. Xow when he shewed them the king's son he said to 
them, Behold the king's son ! Let him be king as the Lord 

4 hath spoken to the house of David. Xow this is what you 
must do, Let the third of you, the priests and Levites, come 
in on the sabbath, to guard the outer gates; and a third of 

5 you be at the king's house, and the other third at the middle 

6 gate; and all the people in the courts of the house of the 
Lord ; and let none enter the house of the Lord, but the priests 
and the Levites. Such of the Levites as are on duty may 
come in for they are holy. But let all the people keep the 

7 watches of the Lord. And let the Levites encompass the king 
round about, every man with his weapon in his hand ; and 
whoever cometh into the house, let him be put to death. And 
they shall be with the king, when he cometh in and goeth out. 

8 So the Levites and all the chiefs of Juda did according to all 
that Jodae the priest commanded them, and they took every 
man his men, who were to be on duty from the beginning to 

9 the end of the week; for Jodae the priest did not break the 
courses; and Jodae gave them the swords, and shields, and 
arms which belonged to king David, and were in the house 

10 of God. And when he had stationed all the people every one 
with his arms from the right corner of the house, to the left 

11 corner of the altar, and the house all around about the king, 
he brought out the king's son, and put upon him the ensign 
of royalty, and the testimonies. And Jodae the priest and his 
sons, proclaimed him king, and anointed him with oil and 

12 said, Live the king! And when Gotholia heard the noise of 
the people running, and proclaiming, and praising the king, she 



went to the king, to the house of the Lord, and looked, and 

13 lo! the king was on his platform, and at the entrance were 
the chiefs, with the trumpets. And the chiefs around the king, 
and all the people of the land, were full of joy ; and the trum- 
pets were sounding, accompanied by musicians with their in- 
struments of musick, and the singers singing songs of praise. 
Upon which she rent her robe and cried with a loud voice, 

14 Treason ! Treason ! Thereupon Jodae the priest went out, 
and gave orders to the captains of hundreds, and the chief 
officers of the army, and said to them, Drive her out of the 
house, and go after her and put her to death with the sword. 
Because the priest said, Let her not be put to death in the 

15 house of the Lord, therefore they opened a passage for her, and 
when she had gone out through the horse gate, of the king's 

16 house, they put her to death there. Then Jodae made a cove- 
nant between the Lord, and the people and the king, that they 

17 would be the Lord's people. And all the people of the land, 
went to the house of Baal and demolished it, and his altars, 
and broke to pieces his idols, and slew Matthan the priest of 

18 Baal before his altars. And Jodae the priest committed the 
works of the house of the Lord to the priests and the Levites, 
and re-established the courses of the priests, and the Levites, 
into which David had distributed them. And they offered 
whole burnt offerings to the Lord, as it was written in the law 
of Moses, with gladness and with hymns, composed by Da- 

19 vid. And the keepers of the gates attended at the gates of the 
house of the Lord, that none might enter who was in any re- 

20 spect unclean. Then he took the patriarchs and the mighties, 
and the chiefs of the people, and all the people of the land, and 
they brought up the king to the house of the Lord, thence he 

21 passed through the inner gate to the house of the king, and they 
seated him on the throne of the kingdom ; and all the people 
of the land rejoiced ; for the city was quiet, after they had slain 

XXIV. Joas was seven years old when he began to reign and 
he reigned forty years in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was 

2 Sabia of Bersabee. And Joas did what was right in the 

3 sight of the Lord, all the days of Jodae the priest. And Jodae 
took for him two wives who bore him sons and daughters. 

4 And after this it came into Joas's heart, to repair the house of 


5 the Lord. Therefore he assembled the priests and the Levites 
and said to them, Go out into the cities of Juda and cullect 
money from all Israel to repair the house of the Lord from 

6 year to year, and use diligence in speaking. And when the Le- 
vites made no speed, king Joas called Jodae the chief, and said 
to him, Why hast thou not watched over the Levites, to oblige 
them to bring in from Juda and Jerusalem, what is ordained 
by Moses the man of God. And as he had assembled all Is- 

7 rael to the tabernacle of the testimony, because Gotholia that 
wicked woman and her sons had plundered the house of God, 
and had applied the holy things of the house of the Lord to 

8 the Baalims, therefore the king said, Let a chest be made, and 

9 set at the gate of the house of the Lord on the outside, and 
let proclamation be made in Juda and Jerusalem, to bring in 
for the Lord, as Hoses the servant of God enjoined on Israel, 

10 in the wilderness. Then all the chiefs and the people gave — 

11 they brought, and cast into the chest, until it was full, and 
then the chest was carried by the Levites to the king's over- 
seers. When they saw that there was much money in it, the 
king's secretary, and the high priest's overseer, emptied the 

J 2 chest, and set it again in its place. Thus they did from day to 
day. And when they had collected much money, the king and 
Jodae the priest, gave it to the workmen, for the service of the 
house of the Lord : and they hired masons and carpenters, to re- 
pair the house of the Lord, and manufacturers of iron and brass, 

13 to furnish the house of the Lord with utensils. So the work- 
men wrought, and the work advanced under their hands, and 
they re-established the house of the Lord in its former state, 

14 and strengthened it. And when they had finished, they brought 
the remainder of the money, to the king and Jodae. And 
when they had made utensils for the house of the Lord, im- 
plements used in the service of burnt offerings, and censers 
of gold and silver, they offered whole burnt offerings in the 
house of the Lord continually, all the days of Jodae. 

15 When Jodae was old, being full of days, he died at the age 
of a hundred and thirty years, and they buried him in the city 

16 of David with the kings, because he had exercised goodness 
with respect to Israel, and with respect to God and his house. 

17 And after the death of Jodae the chiefs of Juda came and paid 


18 homage to the king ; and the king hearkened to them. And they 
forsook the house of the Lord God of their fathers, and served 
the Astartes and the idols, and there was wrath against Juda 

19 and against Jerusalem at that time. When he had sent prophets 
to them to turn them to the Lord, and they would not hearken — 
when he had testified against them and they would not obey ; 

20 then the Spirit of God came upon Azarias the priest, the son 
of Jodae, and he stood above the people and said, Thus saith 
the Lord, Why do you transgress the commandments of the 
Lord? You cannot prosper. Because you have forsaken the 

21 Lord, therefore he will forsake you. Upon this they fell upon 
him and stoned him by the command of the king, in the court 

22 of the house of the Lord. Thus Joas remembered not the kind- 
ness which Jodae his father had done him, but put to death his 
son, and when he was dying he said, May the Lord see and 

23 judge. And it came to pass that at the end of the year, the ar- 
my of Syria came up against him. They came up against Juda 
and Jerusalem, and having destroyed all the chiefs of the peo- 
ple, among the people, they sent the spoils of them to the king of 

24 Damascus. Though the army of Syria consisted of but few men, 
yet God delivered a very great army into their hands, because 

25 they had forsaken the Lord the God of their fathers. On Joas also 
he executed judgment : for after they were gone from him, as he 
was left in great distress, his servants conspired against him, 
for the blood of the son of Jodae the priest, and put him to death 
on his bed. And when he was dead, they buried him in the 

26 city of David, but not in the tomb of the kings. Now they 
who conspired against him were Zabeb the son of Samaath the 
Ammonite, and Jozabed the son of Samareth the Moabite, and 

27 all his sons, for the five were with him. Now as for the rest of 
his acts, behold they are written in the book of the kings. And 
Amasias his son reigned in his stead. 

XXV. Amasias was twenty fixe years old when he began to 

reign, and he reigned twenty nine years in Jerusalem, and his 

2 mother's name was Joadaen of Jerusalem ; and he did what was 

3 right in the sight of the Lord, but not with a perfect heart. Now 
when the kingdom was established in his hand, he put to death 

4 his servants who had slain the king his father. But, according 
to the covenant of the law of the Lord, he did not put to death 


their children, as it is written — as the Lord commanded saying, 
Fathers shall not be put to death for children ; nor shall child- 
ren be put to death for fathers ; but they shall :die every one 

5 for his own crime. Then Amasias assembled the house of Juda 
and appointed them according to the houses of their patriarchal 
families, to be captains of thousands and captains of hundreds 
throughout all Juda and Jerusalem. And having numbered 
them from twenty years old and upwards, he found them to 
be three hundred thousand, able to go forth to war armed with 

6 spears and shields. Then he hired from Israel a hundred chi- 
liads, men mighty in power, for a hundred talents of silver. 

7 But there came to him a man of God and said, king, the army 
of Israel must not go with thee, for the Lord is not with Israel. 

8 For if thou thinkest to strengthen thyself with any of these 
Ephraimites, the Lord will rout thee before the enemy ; for it 

9 is in the power of the Lord to strengthen or to rout. And 
Amasias said to the man of God, But what must I do in re- 
spect to the hundred talents which I have given to the army of 
Israel ? To which the man of God replied, It is in the power of 

10 the Lord to give thee more than that. Then Amasias separated 
from the army which had come to him from Ephraim, that 
they might go to their place. Thereupon they were greatly 
incensed against Juda, and returned to their place in a rage. 

11 And Amasias strengthened himself, and took his own people 
and went to the valley of salt, and there smote of the sons of 

12 Seir ten thousand. And the children of Juda took ten thou- 
sand alive and carried them to the top of a precipice, and threw 
them down from the top of the precipice, so that they were all 

13 dashed to pieces. Xow the soldiers of the army which Ama- 
sias had sent back, that they should not go with him to battle, 
had fallen on the cities of Juda from Samaria to Baithoron and 
had smitten of them three thousand, and carried off much spoil. 

14 And it happened that after Amasias came from smiting Idu- 
mea, a person brought him the gods of the children of Seir, and 
he set them up to be his gods, and bow r ed down before them 

] o and sacrificed to them : therefore the wrath of the Lord was 
against Amasias, and he sent a prophet to him and said to him, 
Why hast thou sought the gods of this people, which could 

16 not deliver their own people out of thy hand? But while the 


prophet was speaking to him lie said to him, Have I made thee 
a counsellor of the king ? Forbear, lest thou be scourged. 
Thereupon the prophet held his peace, for I know, said he, 
that he hath determined to destroy thee, because thou hast done 

17 this, and hast not hearkened to my counsel. Then Amasias 
king of Juda took counsel and sent to Joas, son of Joachaz, son 
of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come and let us look each 

18 other in the face. Upon which Joas king of Israel sent to Ama- 
sias king of Juda saying, The thistle on Libanus sent to the 
cedar on Libanus saying, Give thy daughter to my son for 
a wife. But lo ! the wild beasts on Libanus will come — nay 
the wild beasts on Libanus did come and trample down the 

1 9 thistle. Thou hast said, Behold I have smitten Idumea, there- 
fore thy stupid heart lifteth thee up. Abide now at home : 
why dost thou take counsel to thy hurt, that thou mayest fall 

20 and Juda with thee ? But Amasias would not hearken, for the 
Lord had determined to deliver him up, because he sought 

21 the gods of the Idumeans. So Joas king of Israel went up; 
and he and Amasias king of Juda looked each other in the 

22 face at Baithsamys, which belongeth to Juda. And Juda was 
2o routed before Israel, and fled every man to his habitation. And 

Joas king of Israel took Aruasias king of Juda, son of Joas, son 
of Joachaz, at Baithsamys and brought him to Jerusalem, and 
broke down of the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim 

24 to the gate of the corner, four hundred cubits ; and he took 
all the gold and silver, and all the vessels found in the house 
of the Lord, and in the custody of Abdedom ; and the treasures 
of the king's house, and hostages, and returned to Samaria. 

25 And Amasias the son of Joas, king of Juda, lived after the 
death of Joas, the son of Joachaz, king of Israel, fifteen years. 

26 Now the rest of the acts of Amasias, first and last, behold, are 
they not written in the book of the kings of Juda and Israel ? 

27 And when Amasias departed wholly from the Lord, they 
formed a conspiracy against him ; whereupon he fled from Je- 

28 rusalem to Lachis; but they sent after him to Lachis, and 
there put him to death, and they brought him up on horses 
and buried him with his fathers in the city of David. 

XXVI. And all the people of the country took Ozias when he 
was sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his 


2 father Amasias. He had rebuilt Ailath and restored it to Ju- 

3 da, after the king slept with his fathers. Ozias was sixteen 
years old when be began to reign, and he reigned fifty two 
years in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was Jechelia, of 

4 Jerusalem. And he did that which was right in the sight of 
the Lord, according to all ihat his father Amasias had done ; 

5 and he continued to seek the Lord all the days of Zacharias, 
who instructed him in the fear of the Lord. In his days in- 

6 deed he sought the Lord, and the Lord prospered him. And 
he went out and warred against the Philistines, and demolish- 
ed the walls of Geth, and the walls of Jabner, and the walls of 
Azotus, and rebuilt the cities of Azotus, and among the Phi- 

7 listines. And the Lord strengthened him against the Philis- 
tines, and against the Arabs, who dwelt in Petra, and against 

8 the Minaians. So that the Minaians gave gifts to Ozias ; for 
his fame reached even to the entrance of Egypt ; for he was 

9 very powerful. And Ozias built towers in Jerusalem — that 
over the gate of the corner, and that over the gate of the val- 

10 ley, and those on the corners. And when he had fortified it, he 
built towers in the wilderness, and dug many wells, for he bad 
much cattle at Sephale, and in the plains, and vine dressers in 
the hilly country, and on Karmel, for he was fond of husband- 

11 ry. Moreover Ozias had an army of fighting men, which went 
out in array for battle, and came in, in array, to be numbered. 
And they were numbered by Jeiel the scribe and Maasias the 
judge, under the direction of Ananias the king's lieutenant. 

12 The whole number of the chiefs, the officers of the army, was 
two thousand six hundred ; and the army of fighting men 
with them was three hundred and seven thousand five hun- 
dred. These were trained for battle to assist the king against 

14 enemies. And Ozias provided for them — for all this army, 
shields and spears, and helmets, and breast plates, and bows, 

15 and slings to cast stones. And he made in Jerusalem ma- 
chines, contrived with great art, to be placed in the towers 
and at the corners, for shooting darts and throwing huo-e 
stones. And the fame of his preparations was spread far and 
wide, for he was wonderfully assisted until he became exceed- 

16 ing strong. But when he became strong his heart was elated 
to his destruction ; for he trespassed against the Lord his God 


and went into the temple of the Lord to burn incense on the 

17 altar of incense. And Azarias the priest went in after him and 

18 with him eighty priests of the Lord, valiant men. And they 
withstood king Ozias and said to him, it doth not belong to 
thee, Ozias, to burn incense to the Lord ; but only to the priests 
the sons of Aaron who are consecrated to burn incense. Go 
out of the sanctuary, for thou hast revolted from the Lord, and 

19 this will not be for honour to thee from the Lord God. At this 
Ozias was inflamed with wrath, and had in his hand the censer 
to burn incense in the temple. But when his anger kindled 
against the priests, the leprosy broke out on his forehead, be- 
fore the priests, in the house of the Lord, at the altar of incense. 

20 And when Azarias the chief priest, with the other priests, 
turned towards him, behold he was leprous on the forehead, 
so they hurried him out thence. He indeed himself hasted to 

21 go out, because the Lord had convicted him. So Ozias the 
king was a leper to the day of his death, and as a leper, 
dwelt in the house of Apphusoth ; for he was cut off from the 
house of the Lord, and Joatham, his son, was over the king- 

22 dom, administering justice to the people of the land. Now the 
rest of the acts of Ozias, the first and the last, are written by 

23 Jessias the prophet. And when Ozias slept with his fathers, 
they buried him in the field of the burying place of the kings ; 
for they said he is a leper. And Joatham his son, reigned in 
his stead. 

XXVII. Joatham was twenty five years old when he began 
to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem ; and his 
mother's name was Jerusa. She was a daughter of Sadok. 

2 And he did that which was right in| the sight of the Lord, ac- 
cording to all that his father Ozias had done ; but he did not go 

3 into the temple of the Lord. Though the people were still 
corrupt, he built the high gate of the house of the Lord ; and 

4 on the wall Opel he built much. On Mount Juda and in the 

5 forest, he also built castles and towers. He fought the king of 
the Ammonites and prevailed against him ; so that the Am- 
monites gave him yearly, a hundred talents of silver and ten 
thousand cores of wheat, and ten thousand of barley. These 
the king of the Ammonites brought him yearly, during the 

6 first, second and third year. Joatham prevailed because he 


7 prepared his ways before the Lord his God. Xow the rest of 
the acts of Joatham, and his wars and his doings, behold they 
9 are written in the book of the kings of Juda and Israel. And 
Joatham slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of 
David, and Achaz his son reigned in his stead. 
XXVIII. Achaz was twenty years old when he began to 

reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not 
do what was right in the sight of the Lord, like his father Da- 

2 vid, but walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, and made 

3 graven images ; and for their idols in the land of Benennom he 
actually caused his children to pass through fire, according to 
the abominable acts of those nations which the Lord had rooted 

4 out from before the Israelites. He burned incense also on the 
high places, and on the tops of houses and under every shady 

5 tree. So the Lord his God delivered him into the hand of the 
king of Syria, who smote him, and took many of them cap- 
tives, and carried them to Damascus. He delivered him also 
into the hands of the king of Israel, who smote him with a great 

6 slaughter. Indeed Phakee, the son of Romelias, king of Israel, 
slew of Juda in one day, a hundred and twenty chiliads of the 
men mighty in power, because they had forsaken the Lord, 

7 the God of their fathers. Zechri also, the chieftain of Ephraim, 
slew Maasias the king's son, and Ezrikan, the leader of his 

8 house, and Elkana, the lieutenant of the king. And the Israel- 
ites carried away captive, of their brethren, three hundred chi- 
liads, including married women, sons and daughters. And 

9 they took from them much spoil. But as they were carrying 
the spoils to Samaria, there was there a prophet of the Lord, 
whose name was Oded, who went out to meet the army com- 
ing to Samaria, and said to them, Behold the anger of the Lord 
God of your fathers is against Juda, and he hath delivered 
them into your hands, and you have slain them with a ra^e 

10 which hath reached up to heaven. And now you purpose to 
keep the children of Juda and Jerusalem, for men slaves and 
women slaves ! Behold am not I with you to testify to the Lord 

11 your God? Xow therefore hearken to me, and send back those 
captives whom you have taken of your brethren ; for the anger 

12 of the Lord is on you. Upon this there arose certain chiefs of 
the Ephraimites, namely, Oudeias the son of Joanas, and Ba- 



rachias the son of Mosolamotb, and Ezekias the son of Sellem, 
and Amasias the son of Eldai, against them who came from 

13 the war, and said to them, You shall not bring these captives 
here to us, for that would be to bring your guilt on us. Because 
you have sinned against the Lord, do you mean to lay it on us, 
to add to our sins and to heighten our folly, because our sins 
are many, and the fervent anger of the Lord is hanging over 

14 Israel ? Thereupon the warriors left the captives and the spoils 

1 5 before the chiefs and the whole congregation. And the chiefs 
above mentioned arose and took the captives, and out of the 
spoils cloathecl all who were naked. And when they had cloath- 
ed them and shod them, and had given them something to eat 
and to anoint themselves, they took up on asses all who were 
weak, and carried them to Jericho, the city of palm trees, to 
their brethren, and then returned to Samaria. 

16 At that time king Achaz sent to the king of Assur for as- 

17 sistance, because the Idumeans had invaded and smitten Juda 

18 and carried off captives. The Philistines also had fallen upon 
the cities of the plain and in the southern border of Juda, and 
had taken Baithsamus. But after he had given the king the 
treasures in the house of the Lord, and the treasures in the 
house of the king, and the chiefs, they took Ailon and Galero, 
and Socho, and the villages thereof, and Thamna and the vil- 
lages thereof, and Gamzo and the villages thereof, and settled 

19 there : Because the Lord humbled Juda on the account of 
Achaz, king of Juda, because he had greatly apostatised from 

20 the Lord, therefore Thalgathphallasar came upon him and af- 

21 flicted him. Though Achaz took the treasures in the house of 
the Lord, and the treasures in the house of the king, and the 

22 chiefs, and gave them to the king of Assur, yet he was of no 
service to him, but only added to his distress, and contributed 

23 to his apostacy from the Lord. For king Achaz said, I will 
seek the gods of Damascus who smite me. Because, said he, 
the gods of the king of Syria strengthen them, therefore I will 
sacrifice to them and they will help me. But they were the ruin 

24 of him and of all Israel. Now when Achaz had taken away 
the vessels of the house of the Lord, and chopped them to 
pieces, he shut up the doors of the house of the Lord, and 

25 made himself altars in every corner of Jerusalem, and erected 


high places in every city of Juda, to burn incense to strange 
gods. So they provoked to wrath the Lord the God of their fa- 

26 thers. Xow the rest of his acts and his doings, first and last, be- 
hold they are written in the book of the kings of Juda and Israel. 

27 And when Achaz slept with his fathers, he was buried in the 
city of David, but they did not carry him to the tombs of the 
kings of Israel. xVnd Ezekias his son, reigned in his stead. 

XXIX. Ezekias was twenty five years old when he began to 
reign, and he reigned twenty nine years in Jerusalem ; and his 
mother's name was Abia. She was a daughter of Zacharias. 

2 He did that which was right in the sight of the Lord, according 

3 to all that his father David had done. Accordingly when he 
was settled in his kingdom, in the first month he opened the 

4 doors of the house of the Lord and repaired them. Then he 
brought in the priests and the Levites, and having placed them 

5 on the east side, he said to them, Hearken, ye Levites, sanc- 
tify now yourselves, and hallow the house of the Lord God of 
your fathers, and remove the uncleanness out of the Holies. 

6 Because our fathers apostatised, and did evil in the sight of the 
Lord our God, and forsook him, and turned away their face 

7 from the tabernacle of the Lord, and hardened their neck, and 
shut the doors of the temple and extinguished the lamps, and did 
not burn incense, nor offer whole burnt offerings in this holy 

8 place, to the God of Israel ; therefore the Lord hath been provok- 
ed to wrath against Juda and Jerusalem, and hath made them an 
astonishment and a desolation, and an object of pity, as you see 

9 with your eyes. For behold your fathers have been smitten with 
the sword, and your sons and your daughters and your wives, 

10 are in captivity, in a strange land, as is now the case. In this si- 
tuation of affairs, I have it now at heart to enter into a covenant 
with the Lord God of Israel, that he may turn away his fierce 

11 anger from us. Xow therefore be not backward, seeing the 
Lord hath made choice of you to stand before him, to minister, 
and to be continually employed in his service, and in offering 

12 incense. Thereupon these Levites arose, namely, Maath, the 
the son of Amasi, and Joel, the son of Azarias of the Kaathites ; 
and of the Merarites, Kis, the son of Abdi, and Azarias, the 
son of Ilaelel ; and of the Gersonites, Jodad, the son of Zem- 

13 math, and Joadam, who were descendants of Joaeka; and of 


the Elisaphanites, Zanibri and Jeiel ; and of the Asaphites, Za- 

14 charias and Matthanias; and of the Aimonites, Jeiel and Se- 

15 mei; and of the Idithunites, Sainaias and Oziel; and having 
assembled their brethren, they purified themselves according 
to the king's command, in the manner prescribed by the Lord, 

16 that they might purify the house of the Lord. And the priests 
went into the inner part of the house of the Lord to purify it, 
and threw out all the filth, found in the house of the Lord, 
into the court of the Lord's house; and the Levites took it 

17 up and threw it out into the brook Kedron. On the first day 
of the first month, at the new moon, they began to purify. And 
on the eighth day of the month, they came to the temple of 
the Lord. And having purified the house of the Lord in eight 
days, and completely finished on the thirteenth of the first 

18 month, they went to king Ezekias, and said, We have puri- 
fied all that are in the house of the Lord, the altar of whole 
burnt offerings, with the utensils thereof, and the table for the 

19 presence loaves, with its utensils, and have prepared and hal- 
lowed all the utensils which king Achaz polluted in his reign, 
during his apostasy. Behold they are before the altar of the 

20 Lord: Thereupon king Ezekias arose early in the morning, 
and having assembled the chiefs of the city, he went up to 
the house of the Lord, and offered up seven young bulls, seven 

21 rams, seven lambs, seven kids of the goats, for a sin offering 
for the kingdom and for the holies, and for Israel. And he or- 
dered the priests, the sons of Aaron, to offer them upon the altar 

22 of the Lord. So when they slew the young bulls, the priests 
received the blood and poured it against the altar ; and when 
they slew the rams, they poured the blood against the altar ; and 
when they slew the lambs they poured the blood around the 

23 altar. Then they brought forward the goats, for a sin offeriDg, 
before the king and the congregation ; and they laid their hands 

21 on them; and the priests slew them. And when they made 
atonement with their blood against the altar, they made it for all 
Israel, because the king said, The whole burnt offerings, and 
the sin offerings are for all Israel. 

25 Now he had stationed the Levites in the house of the Lord 
with cymbals and with nablas and kinyras, according to the 
command of David the king, and of Gad the king's seer, and 


of Nathan the prophet. For the institution was ordained at the 

26 command of the Lord, by the ministry of prophets. So the 
Levites stood with the musical instruments of David, and the 

27 priests with the trumpets. And when Ezekias gave orders to 
carry up the whole burnt offering on the altar, and they began 
to carry it up, the musicians began the song of praise to the 
Lord, and the trumpets sounded in concert with the musical 
instruments of David king of Israel, and all the congregation 

28 worshipped. And the musicians continued singing, and the 
trumpets sounding until the whole burnt offering was finished. 

29 And when they who carried it up, had completely finished, 

30 the king, and all present, bowed down. And when they had 
worshipped, Ezekias the king, and the chiefs, ordered the 
Levites to praise the Lord, in the words of David, and of 
Asaph the prophet. And when they had sung praises with 

31 gladness, they fell on their faces and worshipped. Then Eze- 
kias addressing the people, said, As you have now filled your 
hands for the Lord, present and bring the sacrifices of thanks- 
giving for the household of the Lord. Thereupon the congre- 
gation brought up sacrifices and thank offerings for the house- 
hold of the Lord, and every one liberally disposed brought 

32 whole burnt offerings. And the number for the whole burnt 
offerings, which the congregation offered, was seventy young 

33 bulls, a hundred rams, two hundred lambs. All these were for 
a whole burnt offering to the Lord. And there were hallowed 

34 six hundred young bulls and three thousand sheep. And as 
the priests were but few, and could not flay the whole burnt 
offerings, the Levites their brethren helped them, until the 
work was finished, and until the priests had purified them- 
selves. For the Levites had purified themselves with more 

35 promptitude than the priests. So the whole burnt offering was 
abundant with the suet of the thank offerings and the libations 
of the burnt offerings. Thus was the service re-established in 

36 the house of the Lord ; and Ezekias and all the people re- 
joiced, because God had made provision for the people. For 
the thing was done suddenly. 

XXX. Then Ezekias sent to all Israel and Juda, and wrote 

letters to Ephraim and Manasses, to come to the house of the 
Lord at Jerusalem, to celebrate the passover to the Lord God 


2 of Israel. Now the king, and the chiefs, and all the congrega- 
tion at Jerusalem, had come to a determination to keep the 

3 passover in the second month ; for they could not keep it at 
that time, because a sufficient number of priests was not puri- 

4 tied, nor were the people assembled at Jerusalem. And as this 

5 was agreed on by the king and the whole congregation, there- 
fore they determined to make proclamation, throughout all Is- 
rael, from Bersabee to Dan, that they might come and keep 
the passover, to the Lord God of Israel, at Jerusalem, because 

6 a multitude had not done it according to the scripture. So the 
expresses went with letters from the king, and the chiefs, to all 
Israel and Juda, according to the decree of the king, saying, 
Children of Israel, return to the Lord God of Abraham and 
Isaak and Israel, and bring back the remnant who have escap- 

7 ed from the hand of the king of Assur. And be not like your 
fathers and your brethren, who apostatised from the Lord God 
of their fathers, and whom he delivered up to desolation, as 

8 you yourselves see. Now therefore be not stubborn as your 
fathers were. Give glory to the Lord God, and come to his 
sanctuary, which he hath hallowed forever, and serve the Lord 
your God, and he will turn away his fierce indignation from 

9 you. For by your turning to the Lord, your brethren and 
your children will find compassion in the sight of all those 
who have captivated them ; and he will bring them back to 
this land. For the Lord our God is gracious and merciful, 
and will not turn away his face from us, if we return to him. 

10 But while the expresses were passing from city to city, through 
mount Ephraim, and Manasses, till they came to Zabulon, 

1 1 they were treated as cleriders and mockers. But the men of 
Aser, and some of Manasses and Zabulon were humbled, and 

12 came to Jerusalem, and to Juda. Now to these the hand of the 
Lord had given one heart to come and do what the king and 

13 the chiefs had commanded by a word of the Lord. So there 
assembled at Jerusalem much people to keep the festival of 
unleavened bread in the second month — a very great congre- 

14 gation. And after they had arisen, and demolished the altars 
which were in Jerusalem, and torn to pieces all on which they 
had burned incense to vanities, and thrown them into the brook 

15 Kedron, they killed the paschal lamb on the fourteenth of the 


second month. And as the priests and the Levites were hum- 
bled, and had purified themselves, they offered whole burnt 

16 offerings in the house of the Lord, and stood in their station 
according to the disposition made of them by the command 
of Moses, the man of God ; and the priests received the blood 

17 from the hands of the Levites. Because there were many of 
the congregation who were not purified, therefore the Levites 
had it in charge to hill the paschal lamb, for every one who 

1 8 had not been able to purify himself to the Lord. And because 
most of the people from Ephraim, and 3Ianasses, and Issachar, 
and Zabulon, had not purified themselves, but ate the passover 
contrary to the scripture, therefore Ezekias prayed for them 

19 on this account and said, The good Lord make atonement for 
every heart which hath directed its course to seek the Lord the 
God of their fathers, although not according to the purification 

20 of the sanctuary. And the Lord hearkened to Ezekias, and 

21 healed the people. So the Israelites who were at Jerusalem, 
kept the festival of unleavened bread seven days, with great 
joy, joining in the hymns of praise to the Lord, which the 
priests and the Levites performed day by day to the Lord, on 
musical instruments. 

22 And when Ezekias had spoken comfortably to the Levites, 
and them whose understanding was well disposed to the Lord, 
and they had finished the festival of unleavened bread, which 
lasted seven days, offering sacrifices of thanksgiving, and sing- 

23 ing praises to the Lord God of their fathers ; the congregation 
took counsel together to keep other seven days, and kept other 

24 seven days with gladness. For Ezekias, in behalf of Juda, set 
apart for the congregation, a thousand beeves, and seven thou- 
sand sheep ; and the chiefs, in behalf of the people, set apart a 
thousand beeves, and ten thousand sheep ; and the dedications 

25 of the priests were abundant. So the whole congregation, the 
priests and the Levites, and all the congregation of Juda, and all 
who were in Jerusalem, and the proselytes who came from Israel, 
and the inhabitants of Judea were filled with joy. And the joy in 

26 Jerusalem was great. From the days of Solomon son of David, 
king of Israel, there had not been such a festival in Jerusalem. 

27 Then the priests, the Levites arose and blessed the people, 
and their voice was heard, and their prayer reached his holy 


also took courage and rebuilt all the wall which had been de- 
molished, and the towers, and another outwork, and strength- 
ened the fortifications, of the city of David, and provided many 

6 arms, and appointed military officers over the people; and 
having assembled them before him in the street of the valley 

7 gate, he spoke affectionately to them, and said, Take courage 
and behave like men, and be not terrified nor dismayed, because 
of the king of Assur, and because of all the multitude with him ; 

8 for there are more with us than with him. With him are arms 
of flesh ; but with us is the Lord our God to save, and to fight 
our battle. So the people were encouraged by the words of Eze- 

9 kias king of Juda. After this Sennacherim, king of the Assyri- 
ans, sent his servants against Jerusalem. While he himself with 
his main army lay before Lachis, he sent to Ezekias king of Ju- 

10 da and to all the Jews in Jerusalem saying, Thus saith Senna- 
cherim king of the Assyrians, On what do you rely, that you 

11 stand a siege in Jerusalem? Doth not Ezekias deceive you, that 
he may deliver you up to death, and to famine, and to thirst 
by saying, The Lord our God will save us out of the hand of 

12 the king of Assur ? Hath not this same Ezekias demolished his 
altars, and his high places, and given orders to Juda, and to 
the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying, You shall worship before 

13 this altar, and upon it you shall burn incense? Will you not 
consider what I and my fathers have done to all the tribes of 
these regions ? Have the gods of the nations of all this land, 

14 been able to save their people out of my hand ? Who is 
this of yours among all the gods of these nations which my 
father destroyed, who were not able to save their people out 
of my hand, that he should be able to save you out of my 

15 hand ? Now therefore let not Ezekias deceive you, nor cause 
you to trust in this manner. Do not believe him. For as there 
is no god of any nation or kingdom who is able to save his 
people out of my hand, or hath been able to save out of the 
hand of my fathers, therefore your God cannot save you out of 

16 my hand. And besides what his servants spoke against the 
Lord God, and against his servant Ezekias, he wrote a letter 

17 to reproach the Lord God of Israel, and spoke of him saying, 
As the gods of the nations of the earth have not delivered 
their peoples out of my hand, so neither can the God of Eze- 


18 kias deliver his people out of my hand. 31oreover he cried 
with a loud voice, in the Jewish language to the people of Je- 
rusalem, who were on the walls that he would assist them, in 

19 order to induce them to seize the city. And he spoke against 
the God of Jerusalem, as against the gods of the peoples of 

20 the earth, which are the works of men's hands. But when 
Ezekias the king, and Esaias son of Amos the prophet ad- 

21 dressed a prayer concerning these things, and cried to heaven, 
the Lord sent an angel who destroyed every mighty man, and 
warrior, including chief and general, in the camp of the king 
of Assur. So he returned with shame to his own land, and 
went to the house of his god, and some of them who sprang 

22 from his loins slew him with the sword. And when the Lord 
had saved Ezekias, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, out of 
the hands of Sennacherim, king of Assur, and out of the hand 

23 of all men, and had given them rest all around, many brought 
gifts for the Lord to Jerusalem, and presents to Ezekias king 
of Juda. And he was thenceforth magnified in the eyes of all 
the nations. 

24 In those days Ezekias was sick unto death, and he prayed 
to the Lord, who hearkened to him and gave him a sign. But 
Ezekias did not make a suitable return for the favour confer- 
red on him, but his heart was lifted up, so there was wrath 
against him, and against Juda and Jerusalem. Thereupon 
Ezekias humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he 
and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so the wrath of the Lord 
did not come upon them, during the days of Ezekias. 

27 Xow Ezekias had riches and exceeding great glory, and 
he amassed for himself treasures of silver and gold and preci- 
ous stones ; and he had store houses for spiceries, and places 

28 for depositing arms and costly utensils ; and cities for storing 

29 corn, wine, and oil ; and towns and stalls for all sorts of cattle ; 
and cots for his flocks ; and cities which he built for himself ; 
and a vast multitude of flocks and herds ; for the Lord gave 

30 him substance in great abundance. It was Ezekias who stop- 
ped up the upper course of the waters of Geion, and directed 
them under ground to the south west of the city of David. 

31 And he was prospered in all his works. But in his transactions 
with the ambassadors from the chiefs of Babvlon, who were 


sent to hini to make inquiry touching the miracle which had 
been clone in the land, the Lord left him to himself in order to 

32 try him, to know all that were in his heart. Now the rest of 
the acts of Ezekias and his goodness, behold they are written 
in the prophesy of the prophet Esaias son of Amos, and in the 

33 book of the kings of Juda and Israel. When Ezekias slept 
with his fathers they buried him in the uppermost of the tombs 
of the sons of David, and all Juda and the inhabitants of Jeru- 
salem paid him distinguished honours at his death : and Ma- 
nasses his son reigned in his stead. 

XXXIII. Manasses was twelve years old when he began to 

2 reign, and he reigned fifty five years in Jerusalem, and did evil 
in the sight of the Lord, according to all the abominable acts 
of the nations which the Lord had rooted out from before the 

3 children of Israel. He restored and rebuilt the high places which 
his father Ezekias had demolished, and erected pillars to the 
Baalims, and made arbours, and worshipped the whole host of 

4 heaven and served them. Nay, he built altars in the house of 
the Lord, respecting which the Lord had said, In Jerusalem 

5 my name shall be forever — he built altars for the whole host 

6 of heaven, in the two courts of the house of the Lord. And 
he made his children pass through fire in the land of Benennom. 
And he consulted omens and auguries, and used enchantments 
and encouraged belly speakers and sorcerers, and multiplied 
the ways of doing evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him 

7 to wrath. He actually set up the graven and molten image 
which he had made, in the house of God, of which God had 
said to David, and to Solomon his son, In this house and in 
Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, 

8 I will put my name forever, and I will no more remove the foot 
of Israel from the land which I have given to their fathers, pro- 
vided they be watchful to perform all that I have commanded 
them, according to all the law and the statutes and the judg- 

9 ments, by the hand of Moses. Now when Manasses had caused 
Juda and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to go astray, and to do 
evil beyond all the nations which the Lord had destroyed from 

10 before the children of Israel ; and the Lord had spoken against 
Manasses and against his people, but they hearkened not, the 
Lord brought against them the chiefs of the army of the king 


of Asur, and they took Manasses, and having bound him with 
12 chains and fetters they carried him to Babylon. And when he 
was afflicted he sought the favour of the Lord his God, and 
humbled himself exceedingly before the God of his fathers, 
J 3 and prayed to him, and he hearkened to him and heard his cry, 
and brought him back to Jerusalem to his kingdom. So Ma- 
nasses knew that the Lord himself is God. 

1 4 Xow after these things he built a wall without the city of 
David, from the south west, fronting the south in the valley 
and along the street leading from the fish gate round to Opel, 
and raised it very high, and appointed military officers in all 

15 the walled cities of Juda. And he removed the strange gods 
and the graven image out of the house of the Lord, and all the 
altars which he had built on the mount of the house of the 

16 Lord, and in Jerusalem, and without the city. And having re- 
paired the altar of the Lord he offered thereon a sacrifice of 
thanksgiving and praise, and ordered Juda to serve the Lord 

17 God of Israel. But still the people sacrificed on the high places, 

18 but it was to the Lord their God. Now the rest of the acts of 
Manasses, and his prayer to God, and the words of the seers 

19 who spoke to him in the name of the God of Israel ; and how 
God hearkened to him at the words of his prayer; and all his 
sins and his apostasies ; and the places on which he built mounts 
and erected bowers, and graven images before his conversion — 

20 behold they are written among the words of the seers. And 
when Manasses slept with his fathers they buried him in the 
garden of his house, and Amon his son reigned in his stead. 

21 Amon was twenty two years old when he began to reign, 

22 and he reigned two years in Jerusalem, and did evil in the sight 
of the Lord as his father Manasses had done. For to all the 
idols which his father Manasses had made Amon burned in- 

23 cense, and served them, and did not humble himself before the 
Lord as Manasses his father had humbled himself. Because his 

24 son ximon multiplied transgression, therefore his servants rose 
upon him, and smote him in his house. And when the people 
of the country had slain those who conspired against king 
Amon, the people of the country made Josias his son king in 
his stead. 

XXXIV. Josias was eight years old when he began to reign, 


2 and he reigned thirty one years in Jerusalem, and did what 
was right in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the ways 
of David his father, without turning to the right or to the left. 

3 In the eighth year of his reign, while he was still a youth, he 
began to seek the Lord the God of his father David. And in 
the twelfth year of his reign, he began to cleanse Juda and Je- 
rusalem, from the high places and the bowers, and from their 

4 processions around altars, and from the molten images. And 
having caused to be torn down in his presence, the altars of 
the Baalims, and the high things which were on them, he cut 
down the bowers, and broke in pieces the graven and the 
molten images. And having beaten them to dust, he strewed 

5 it over the graves of them who had sacrificed to them, and 

6 burned the bones of the priests on the altars. And when he had 
cleansed Juda and Jerusalem, he proceeded on through the 
cities of Manasses, and Ephraim, and Symeon, and Nephtha- 
leim, and the places around them, and tore down the altars, 

7 and the bowers, and chopped to pieces the idols. And having 
demolished all the high places in all the land of Israel, he re- 
turned to Jerusalem. 

8 And in the eighteenth year of his reign, on purpose to 
cleanse the land and the house, he sent Saphan son of Eselia, 
and Maasa, the ruler of the city, and Juach son of Joachaz 

9 his recorder to repair the house of the Lord his God. So they 
went to Chelkias the high priest, and gave the money which 
had been brought into the house of God, which the Levites, 
the keepers of the gates had collected from Manasses and 
Ephraim, and the chiefs, and from all the remnant of Israel, 
and from the children of Juda and Benjamin and the inhabi- 

10 tants of Jerusalem — they gave this to the board of works, who 
superintended the house of the Lord ; and these gave it to the 

11 workmen who did the work in the house of the Lord, to fur- 
nish, and to strengthen the house, and they gave to the car- 
penters and the masons, to purchase square stones, and timber 
for planks to cover the houses, which the king of Juda had 

12 destroyed. Though these men were intrusted with the works, 
yet over them were overseers, namely Jehu and Abdias the 
Levites of the house of Merari, and Zacharias, and Mosol- 

13 lam, of the house of Kaath. And with regard to all the chiefs 


of Levi, every one skilled in instrumental musick was over the 
bearers of burdens, and over all the men who executed the 
works, one to every piece of work, and some of the Levites were 

14 scribes and judges and keepers of the gates. Now when they 
were carrying out the money, which had been brought into 
the house of the Lord, Chelkias the priest found a book of 

15 the law of the Lord, by the hand of Moses. Whereupon Chel- 
kias addressing Saphan the scribe said, I have found a book 
of the law in the house of the Lord. 80 Chelkias gave the 

16 book to Saphan, and Saphan carried it to the king. Now he 
had given him also for the king, an account intitled, All the 

17 money delivered to thy servants the workmen. For when they 
had melted the silver found in the house of the Lord, they 
gave it into the hand of the overseers and into the hand of 

18 them who executed the work. So when Saphan the scribe 
had explained the account to the king, he said, Chelkias the 

19 priest hath given me a book. And Saphan read it before the 
king. And when the king heard the words of the law, he rent 

20 his clothes. Then the king gave orders to Chelkias, and to 
Achikam, son of Saphan, and to Abdom son of Michaias, and 
to Saphan the scribe, and Asaias the king's servant, saying, 

21 Go and inquire of the Lord for me, and for all the remnant 
of Israel and Juda, touching the words of this book which is 
found ; for great must be the wrath of the Lord, which is kind- 
led against us, because our fathers have not hearkened to these 
words of the Lord, to do according to all that are written in 

22 this book. Thereupon Chelkias, with those whom the king 
ordered, went to Olda the prophetess, the wife of Sellem son 
of Thekoe son of Aras. She kept the commandments and 

23 dwelt at Jerusalem in the Masanai. And when they spoke to 
her to that effect she said to them, Thus saith the Lord the 

2-4 God of Israel, Say to the man who sent you to me, Thus saith 
the Lord, Behold I am going to bring upon this place evils — all 
the things which are written in the book read before the king 

25 of Juda. Because they have forsaken me, and burned incense 
to strange gods, to provoke me to wrath with all the works 
of their hands, therefore my anger is kindled against this place 

26 and cannot be quenched. But to the king of Juda, who hath 
sent you to inquire of the Lord, thus shall you say, Thus saith 


27 the Lord the God of Israel, With regard to the words which 
thou hast heard, as thy heart was affected, and thou didst 
humble thyself before me when thou heardst these words of 
mine against this place, and against the inhabitants thereof — 
As thou hast humbled thyself before me, and hast rent thy 
garments and wept before me — I have heard saith the Lord. 

28 Behold I will gather thee to thy fathers, and thou shalt be car- 
ried to thy grave in peace, and thine eyes shall not see all the 
evils which I am going to bring upon this place, and upon 

29 them who dwell therein. And when they brought back word 
to the king, the king sent and assembled the elders of Juda 

30 and Jerusalem; and went up to the house of the Lord, with 
all the chiefs of Juda and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and 
with the priests and the Levites, and all the people small and 
great, and read in their hearing all the words of the book of 

31 the covenant found in the house of the Lord. Then the king 
stood on the pillar, and made a covenant before the Lord to 
walk before the Lord and to keep his commandments, and his 
testimonies, and his statutes, with his whole heart, and his 
whole soul, so as to perform all the terms of the covenant, writ- 

32 ten in that book ; and he caused all who were in Jerusalem 
and Benjamin to stand to it. And when the inhabitants of Je- 
rusalem, had made a covenant in the house of the Lord God 

33 of their fathers, Josias removed all the abominations out of all 
the land, which belonged to the children of Israel, and caused 
all who were in Jerusalem, and in Israel, to serve the Lord 
their God. During all his days he turned not aside from fol- 
lowing the Lord God of his fathers. 

XXXV. When Josias celebrated the passover to the Lord 
his God, he caused the paschal lamb to be slain, on the four- 

2 teenth day of the first month. For having set the priests in 
their watches and encouraged them to the works of the house 
of the Lord, he ordered all the Levites who were heads of fa- 
milies throughout all Israel to hallow themselves to the Lord. 

3 And as they had placed the holy ark in the house which Solo- 
mon son of David king of Israel had built, the king said, You 
have nothing to carry on your shoulders ; now therefore at- 

4 tend to the service of the Lord your God, and of his people 
Israel ; and be ready according to the houses of your fami- 


lies, and according to your courses, as prescribed by David, 

5 king of Israel, and by his son Solomon ; and attend in the 
house, according to the divisions of the houses of your farni- 

6 lies, on your brethren the people ; and a portion of a patri- 
archal house, on the Levites ; and kill ye the paschal lambs and 
prepare them for your brethren, that they may do according 

7 to the word of the Lord by the ministry of Moses. Moreover 
Josias dedicated for the people sheep and lambs and kids, all 
for the passover, even for all who were in Jerusalem, to the 
amount of thirty thousand. He dedicated also three thousand 

8 beeves, these were of the king's own substance. His chiefs 
also made dedications for the people, and for the priests, and 
for the Levites. And Chelkias and Zacharias, and Jeiel, the 
chiefs, gave for the priests of the house of God — they gave for 
the passover two thousand six hundred sheep, lambs and kids, 

9 and three hundred beeves, and Chonenias and Banaias, and Sa- 
maias and Nathaniel, his brother, and Asabias, and Jeiel and 
Jozabad, chiefs of the Levites, dedicated for the Levites Hxe 

10 thousand sheep and five hundred beeves for the passover. So 
the service commenced, and the priests stood in their station, 
and the Levites in their divisions, according to the command of 

11 the king. And when these killed the paschal lambs, the 
priests received the blood at their hands and poured it out, 

12 and the Levites flayed them, and prepared the whole burnt of- 
fering, to be delivered according to the division by houses of 
families to the heads of the people, that they might offer it to 
the Lord as it is written in the book of Moses, and so till the 

13 morning. Then they roasted the paschal lambs with fire, ac- 
cording to the ordinance, and boiled the holy meats in the bra- 
sen cauldrons and kettles. And when all was ready, they ran 
with them to all the heads of the people. And after this prepa- 

14 ration for them, they prepared also for the priests. Because 
the priests were employed in offering up the whole burnt offer- 
ings and the suet, continually till night, therefore the Levites 
prepared for themselves and for their brethren, the sons of 

15 Aaron. And with regard to the musicians, the sons of Asaph, 
who were in their station, according to the commands of Da- 
vid, both Asaph and Aiman and Idithun the king's prophets ; 
and the chiefs and the keepers of the gates, they were not at 
liberty to move from their holy services, for their brethren the 



16 Levites prepared for them. So all the service of the Lord be- 
ing arranged and set in order on that day, to keep the passover, 
and to offer up the whole burnt offerings on the altar of the Lord 

17 according to the command of king Josias ; all the Israelites who 
were present kept the passover, at that time, and the festival 

18 of unleavened bread, seven days. There had not been such a 
passover as this in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet. 
They had not, under any king of Israel, kept such a passover 
as that kept by Josias and the priests, and the Levites, and all 
Juda and Israel who were present, and by all the inhabitants of 

19 Jerusalem, to the Lord. This passover was kept in the eigh- 
teenth year of the reign of Josias. 

After all these things which Josias did in the house, king 
Josias burned with fire the belly speakers and the diviners, and 
the theraphins and the idols, and the karesims, which were in 
the land of Juda and in Jerusalem, in order that he might esta- 
blish the words of the law, which were written in the book 
which Chelkias the priest had found in the house of the Lord. 
Before him there was none like him, who turned to the Lord 
with his whole heart, and with his whole soul, and with all 
his strength, according to all the law of Moses ; nor after him 
did there arise his like. Nevertheless the Lord turned not 
away from his great wrath, with which he was incensed against 
Juda, for all the provocations with which Manasses had pro- 
voked him, and the Lord said, I will remove Juda from my 
presence, as I have removed Israel — I have cast off Jerusalem, 
the city which I chose, and the house of which I said, My 
name shall be there. 

20 Now when Pharao Nechao was going up against the king 
of the Assyrians to the river Euphrates, king Josias went out 
to meet him. Whereupon he sent messengers to him, saying, 
What hast thou, king of Juda, to do with me ? I am not 
now coming to war against thee ; and God hath commanded 
me to make haste. Forbear meddling with God, who is with 

22 me, lest he destroy thee. But Josias would not turn his face 
from him, but strengthened himself to fight him. He hearken- 
ed not to the words of Nechao from the mouth of God, but 

23 came to an engagement in the plain of Mageddo. And the ar- 
chers having discharged a volley at king Josias, the king said 


24 to his servants, Carry me away, for I am badly wounded. So 
his servants took him out of his chariot and put him into his 
second chariot, which attended him, and brought him to Jeru- 

25 salem, and he died and was buried with his fathers. And all 
Juda and Jerusalem mourned for Josias. And Jeremias com- 
posed a song of lamentation for Josias, which all the heads of 
families, both men and women, sung over him, and which 
they continue to sing to this day ; for they established it for 
an ordinance to Israel. And behold it is written among the 

26 funereal odes. Now the rest of the acts of Josias, and his 
faith in respect to what were written in the law of the Lord, 

27 and his acts, first and last, behold they are written in the book 
of the kings of Israel and Juda. 

XXXVI. Then the people of the land took Joachaz son of Jo- 
sias and anointed him, and made him king over Jerusalem in 

2 the room of his father. Joachaz was twenty years old when he 
began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem, and 
his mother's name was Amital. She was a daughter of Jeremias 
of Lobna. And he did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, 
according to all that his fathers had done. And Pharao Xechao 
bound him at Deblatha in the land of Aimath, that he should 

3 not reign in Jerusalem. And the king carried him with him to 
Egypt, and imposed on the country a tribute of a hundred ta- 

4 lents of silver and a talent of gold. And Pharao Xechao, made 
Eliakim son of Josias, king over Juda, in the room of his fa- 
ther, and changed his name to Joakim. And as Pharao Xechao 
took his brother Joachaz, who was carried to Egypt and died 
there, he paid the silver and the gold to Pharao. Then the land 
began to be taxed to give the money at the command of Pharao. 
And every one according to his rank, demanded silver and 
gold from the people of the land, to pay Pharao Xechao. 

5 Joakim was twenty five years old when he began to reign, 
and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem, and his mother's 
name was Zechora. She was a daughter of Xerias of Eama. 
And he did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, according 
to all that his fathers had done. In his days Xabuchodonosar, 
the king of Babylon, came into the land, and he was his servant 
three years, and then revolted. Xow after that, when they re- 
volted, the Lord sent against them the Chaldeans, and predato- 


ry bands of Syrians, and predatory bands of Moabites and 
Ammonites, and of Samaria according to the word of the Lord 
by the ministry of his servants, the prophets. Moreover the 
anger of the Lord was against Juda, to remove them from his 
presence, because of the sins of Manasses — for all that he had 
committed and for the innocent blood which Joakim had shed. 
He had indeed filled Jerusalem with innocent blood, yet the 

6 Lord was not willing to destroy them utterly. So Nabuchodo- 
nosar, king of Babylon, came up against him, and bound him 
with fetters of brass, and sent him away to Babylon; and car- 

7 ried away to Babylon a part of the utensils belonging to the 
house of the Lord, and put them in his own temple at Babylon, 

8 Now the rest of the acts of Joakim, and all that he did, behold 
they are written in the book of the journals of the kings of 

9 Juda. When Joakim slept with his fathers, he was buried at 
Ganozae, with his fathers, and Jechonias his son reigned in his 
stead. Jechonias was eighteen years old when he began to 
reign, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem, 

10 and did evil in the sight of the Lord, and at the return of the 
year, Nabuchodonosar sent and brought him to Babylon, to- 
gether with the most precious utensils of the house of the Lord, 
and made Sedekias, his father's brother, king over Juda and 

11 Sedekias was twenty one years old when he began to reign, 

12 and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem, and did what was 
evil in the sight of the Lord his God, and was not brought to 
a sense of shame by Jeremias, the prophet, speaking from the 

13 mouth of the Lord, when he violated his engagements with 
Nabuchodonosar, to the performance of which he had caused 
him to swear by God; but hardened his neck, and strength- 
ened his heart, not to return to the Lord God of Israel. 

14 Now all the nobles of Juda, and the priests, and the peo- 
ple of the land abounded in the commission of the wicked 
abominations of the Gentiles, and had polluted the house of the 

15 Lord in Jerusalem. And the Lord the God of their fathers 
had sent to them by the ministry of his prophets, rising early, 
and sending his messengers, because he compassionated his 

16 people and his sanctuary. But they continued to deride his 
messengers, and to despise his words, and insult his prophets, 


until the wrath of the Lord ascended against his people — until 

17 there was no remedy. Therefore he brought against them the 
king of the Chaldeans, who slew their young men with the 
sword in the house of his sanctuary, and had no compassion 
on Sedekias, nor pity for their virgins. And they carried away 

18 their elders. He delivered all into their hands — all the uten- 
sils of the house of God, great and small, and all the trea- 
sures of the house of the Lord and all the treasures of the 
king and of the nobles. All these he carried to Babylon. 

19 And he burned the house of the Lord, and demolished the 
wall of Jerusalem, and burned with fire the palaces thereof, 

20 and utterly destroyed every thing that was beautiful, and re- 
moved to Babylon the few who were left ; and they continu- 
ed to be servants to him and his sons, until the reign of the 

21 Medes; that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremias 
might be fulfilled, That until the land received its sabbaths 
which it ought to have rested, it should keep a sabbath all the 
days of its desolation, to the completion of seventy years. 

22 In the first year of Cyrus king of the Persians, after the 
word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremias was fulfilled, the 
Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of the Persians ; and 
he caused proclamation to be made throughout all his king- 
dom, in writing, saying, Thus saith Cyrus, king of the Per- 
sians, to all the kingdoms of the earth, The Lord God of 
heaven hath given me ; and he hath commanded me to build 
a house for him in Jerusalem, in Judea. Is there any among 
you of all his people ? His God be with him, and let him go up. 


I. In the first year of Cyrus, king of the Persians, that 

the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremias might be ful- 
filled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of the Per- 

2 sians, and he caused proclamation to be made by word of 
mouth, and in writing, throughout all his kingdom, saying, 
Thus saith Cyrus king of the Persians, The Lord God of 
heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and hath 
watched over me, that I should build a house for him in Jerusa- 

lem, which is in Judea. Whoever is among you of all his people, 
his God be with him; and let him go up to Jerusalem which 


is in Juclea, and build the house of the God of Israel. He 
who is at Jerusalem is very God. Therefore in regard to every 

4 one in every place, who is left, let the men of the place where 
he dwelleth assist him with silver and gold, and furniture and 
cattle, together with a free will offering for the house of God, 
which is at Jerusalem. 

5 Thereupon the heads of the patriarchal families of Juda and 
Benjamin arose with the priests and the Levites, even all whose 
spirit God stirred up, to go and rebuild the house of the Lord 

G in Jerusalem. And all who were around them strengthened 
their hands with vessels of silver, with gold, with furniture 
and with cattle, and with presents, exclusive of free will offer- 

7 ings. Moreover Cyrus brought out the vessels of the house 
of the Lord, which Nabuchodonosar had taken from Jerusalem, 

8 and deposited in the house of his God. These which were un- 
der the care of Mithridates the treasurer, Cyrus, king of the 
Persians, caused to be brought out and counted to Sasabasar, 

9 the chief of Juda ; and this was the number of them ; thirty 
goblets of gold, and a thousand goblets of silver, vessels of 

10 an unusual form twenty nine, golden cups, thirty; and silver 
plated cups, four hundred and ten, and other vessels, a thou- 

11 saud. All the vessels of gold and silver, all that came up with 
Sasabasar from the captivity from Babylon to Jerusalem, were 
five thousand four hundred. 

II. Now these were the children of the province who came up 
from the captivity — from the distant abode to which Na- 
buchodonosar king of Babylon had sent them away to Baby- 
lon, and who returned to Jerusalem and Juda, every chief to 
his city. 

2 The number of the people of Israel who came with Zoroba- 
bel, Jesus, Nehemias, Saraias, Reelias, Mordecai, Balasan, 
Masphar, Baguai, Beum, Baana, the head men. 

3 The children of Phares, two thousand one hundred and 
seventy two. 

4 The children of Saphatia, three hundred and seventy two. 

5 The children of Ares, seven hundred and seventy five. 

6 The children of Phaath Moab, descendants of Jesus and 
Joab, two thousand eight hundred and twelve. 

7 The children of Ailam, one thousand two hundred and 
fifty four. 


8 The children of Zatthua, nine hundred and forty five. 

9 The children of Zakchu, seven hundred and sixty. 

10 The children of Banni, six hundred and forty two. 

11 The children of Babai, six hundred and twenty three. 

12 The children of Asgad, a thousand two hundred and twen- 
ty two. 

13 The children of Adonikam, six hundred and sixty six. 

14 The children of Bague, two thousand and fifty six. 

15 The children of Addin, four hundred and fifty four. 

1G The children of Ater, descendants of Ezekias, ninety eight. 

17 The children of Bassou, three hundred and twenty three. 

18 The children of Jora, a hundred and twelve. 

19 The children of Asum, two hundred and twenty three. 

20 The children of G-aber, ninety five. 

21 The children of Bethlaem, a hundred and twenty three. 

22 The children of Netopha, fifty six. 

23 The children of Anathoth, a hundred and twenty eight. 

24 The children of Azmoth, forty three. 

25 The children of Kariathiariin, Chaphira and Beroth, seven 
hundred and forty three. 

26 The children of Rama and G-abaa, six hundred and twenty 

27 The men of Machnias, a hundred and twenty two. 

28 The men of Baithel and Aia, four hundred and twenty 

29 The children of Nabu, fifty two. 

30 The children of Magebes, a hundred and fifty six. 

31 The children of Elamar, a thousand two hundred and fifty 

32 The children of Elam, three hundred and twenty. 

33 The children of Lodacli and Ono, seven hundred and 
twenty five. 

34 The children of Jericho, three hundred and forty five. 

35 The children of Senaa, three thousand six hundred and 

36 And of the Priests, 

The children of Jedua of the house of Jesus, nine hundred 
and seventy three : 

37 The children of Emmer, a thousand and fifty two : 


38 The children of Phassur, a thousand two hundred and forty 
seven : 

39 The children of Ereru, a thousand and seven. 

40 And of the Levites, 

The children of Jesu and Kadrniel, descendants of Oduia, 
seventy four : 

41 The musicians. The children of Asaph, a hundred and 
twenty eight : 

42 The hcejpers of the Gates. The Sellumites, the Aterites, the 
Telrnonites, the Akubites, the Atitaites, the Sobaites, all these 
were a hundred and thirty nine : 

43 The Nathinims, namely, the Southias', the Asuphas', the 

44 Tabaoths', the Kades', the Siaas', the Phadons', the Labanos', 
46 the Agabas', the Akubs', the Agabs', the Selamis', the Anans', 
48 the G-eddels', the Gaars', the Raias', the Rasons', the Neko- 
50 das', the Gaserus', the Asos', the Phases', the Basis', the Ase- 

nas', the Moouninis', the Nephusims', the Bakbuks', the Aku- 
52 phas', the Arurs', the Basaloths', the Maoudas', the Arsas', 

54 the Barkos', the Sisaras', the Themas', the Nastkics', the Ata- 

55 phas ' ; The children of Solomon's servants — the Sotais', the 

56 Sepheras', the Phaduras', the Jehelas', the Darkons', the Ge- 
dels', the Saphatias', the Atils', the Phacheraths', the Aseboe- 
ims', the Hemeis', all the Nathinims including the Abdesel- 
mas', were three hundred and ninety two. 

59 And these were they who came up from Thelmelech, 
Thelaresa, Cherub, Edan, Emmer, but could not shew the 
house of their family, nor their seed, whether they were of Is- 
rael — the children of Dalaia, the children of Bua, the children 
of Tobiu, the children of Nekoda, six hundred and fifty two. 

61 And of the children of the priests — the children of Labeia, 
the children of Akkus, the children of Berzellai, who took to 
wife one of the daughters of Berzellai the Galaadite, and was 

62 called by their name — These sought their register among the 
Methoesim, but were not found. Though they were related 
to the priesthood, yet the Athersastha ordered them not to eat 
of the most holy meats until there should arise a priest with the 
Manifestation and the Truth. 

64 The whole congregation, together, amounted to forty two 
thousand three hundred and sixty, exclusive of their men ser- 


vants and maid servants, amounting to seven thousand three 
hundred and thirty seven. And among them were two hundred 
66 choristers of both sexes. Their horses were seven hundred 
and thirty six ; their mules two hundred and forty five ; their 
camels four hundred and thirty five; their asses six thousand 
seven hundred and twenty. 

68 Now some of the chiefs of families when they came to the 
house of the Lord at Jerusalem, offered free will offerings for 

69 the house of God, to raise it on its foundations. According: to 
their ability they contributed to the treasure for the work, sixty 
one thousand mnas of pure gold, and five thousand mnas of 

70 silver, and a hundred garments for the priests. Though the 
priests and the Levites, and some of the people, and the musi- 
cians, and the keepers of the gates, and the Nathinims, settled 
in their cities, and all the chiefs of Israel in their cities, yet 

III. when the seventh month was come, the Israelites who 
were in their cities, even the whole people, like one man, assem- 

2 bled at Jerusalem. And Jesus the son of Josedek with his bre- 
thren the priests, and Zorobabel the son of Salathiel with his 
brethren, arose and rebuilt the altar of the God of Israel, that 
they might offer thereon whole burnt offerings according to 

3 what is written in the law of Moses the man of God. And 
when they had erected the altar on its basis, because it was 
done with a dread upon them, on account of the neighbouring- 
people, the whole burnt offering for the morning, and also for 

4 the evening, was offered up thereon to the Lord. But when they 
had celebrated the festival of tabernacles, according to what 
was written, and offered the whole burnt offering day by day 

5 in number as prescribed, the set number for every day — after 
this they offered the continual burnt offerings in due course, and 
those for the new moons, and for all the festivals dedicated to 
the Lord, and for every one who offered a free will offering to 
the Lord. 

6 On the first day of the seventh month they began to offer 
whole burnt offerings to the Lord, though the foundation of 

7 the house of the Lord was not laid ; but they had given money 
to the stone cutters and carpenters, and meat and drink and oil 
to the Sidonians and Tyrians, to bring cedar timber from Li- 
banus to the sea of Joppa, according to the permission granted 



8 them by Cyrus king of the Persians.- And in the second year 
of their corning to the house of God at Jerusalem, in the second 
month, Zorobabel the son of Salathiel, and Jesus the son of 
Josedek with the rest of their brethren, the priests, and the 
Levites, and all who came from the captivity to Jerusalem, 
made a beginning. 

Now they had appointed the Levites from twenty years old 

9 and upwards over them, who did the works in the house of 
the Lord, so there were over the workmen employed at the 
house of the Lord, Jesus with his sons and brethren, Kadmiel 
with his sons, the sons of Juda, the sons Enadad, their sons and 

10 their brethren the Levites. And while they were laying the 
foundations of the house of the Lord, the priests attended in their 
robes, with trumpets, and the Levites, the Asaphites, with cym- 

11 bals, to praise the Lord in the manner prescribed by David king 
of Israel, and they raised their responsive strains, in the song 
of praise and thanksgiving to the Lord For it is good; for to 
everlasting his mercy enclurcth for Israel. And all the people 
shouted with a great shout, to praise the Lord, at laying the 

12 foundation of the house of the Lord. But many of the priests 
and Levites, and the old chiefs of families, who with their 
eyes had seen the former house on its foundations, and now 
saw this, wept aloud, while the people were shouting for joy 

13 to swell the song ; so that the people could not distinguish the 
shouts of joy from the sound of the people's wailing. 

IV. Because the people shouted with a loud shout, therefore 
the noise was heard at a great distance ; and when tbey who 
afflicted Juda and Benjamin heard that the children of the cap- 
tivity were building a house for the Lord God of Israel, they 

2 came to Zorobabel and to the chiefs of the families, and said, 
Let us build with you, for we, like you, seek our God, and we 
sacrifice to him, from the days of Asaradan, king of Assur, 

3 who brought us here. But Zorobabel and Jesus, and the other 
chiefs of the families of Israel, said to them, It is not allowable 
for us, and you, to build a house to our God, for we ourselves 
assembling together are to build for the Lord our God, as 

4 Cyrus the king of the Persians hath commanded us. Upon 
this the people of the land began to weaken the hands of the 

5 people of Juda, and they impeded their building, and coun- 


sellors were hired to frustrate their design, all the days of Cy- 

6 rus king of the Persians, and even to the reign of Darius king 
of Persia. 

In the reign of Assuerus, even in the beginning of his reign, 
they wrote a letter against the inhabitants of Juda and Jerusa- 

7 lem. And in the days of Arthasastha, Tabeel in concert with 
Mithridates, and the rest of his fellow servants, wrote to Ar- 
thasastha king of the Persians — the collector of the tribute 

8 drew up a writing in Syriack ; and Eeum Baltani and Sanip- 
sa the secretary, wrote a translation of it, as their joint letter 

9 against Jerusalem, to Arthasastha the king saying, This hath 
been agreed on by Reuin Baltam, and Sampsa the secretary, 
and the rest of our fellow servants, the Beinaians, Apharsa- 
thachaians, Tarplialaians, Apharsaians, Archuaians, Babylo- 

10 nians, Susanachaians, Davaians, and the rest of the nations, 
whom the great and the honourable Assenaphar transplant- 
ed, and settled in the cities of Somoron, and the rest of the 

11 country on this side the river. This was the purport of the 
letter which they sent to him, 

To Arthasastha the king., thy servants, the men beyond 
the river : 

12 Be it known to the king, that the Jews who came up from 
thee to us, have come to Jerusalem, that rebellious and wick- 
ed city, and are rebuilding it. The walls of it are repaired, 

13 and they have reared up the foundations of it. Now therefore 
be it known to the king, that if this city be rebuilt, and the 
walls therefore completed, no tribute will be paid to thee, nor 

14 will they do homage. Now as this is injurious to kings, and 
it is not meet for us to see the king's dishonour, we have there- 

15 fore sent to inform the king, that he may examine the book 
of the records of thy fathers, by which thou wilt find, and 
know that this is a rebellious city, and hurtful to kings and 
countries, and that there are asylums for slaves in the midst 
of it, from time immemorial, for which cause this city was 

16 laid waste. We therefore certify the king, that if this city 

17 be rebuilt, and the wall thereof reared up, there will be no 
peace for thee. To which he replied. 

The king, to Reum Baltam, and Sampsa the secretary, and 
to the rest of their fellow servants, who dwell in Samaria and 


18 the rest beyond the river, greeting, and saith, The collector 
of the tribute, whom you sent to us, hath been called before 

19 rne, and I gave orders and we have examined and found, that 
this city from time immemorial hath set itself up against kings 

20 and that there are seditions in it, and asylums for slaves ; and 
that there have been mighty kings in Jerusalem, who have 
exercised dominion over the whole country beyond the river ; 

21 and that great tribute, and tolls have been paid to them. Now 
therefore give orders to stop those men ; for that city must 

22 not be built any more. See that you merit praise in executing 
this, lest peradventure the desolation be fitted up to the pre- 
judice of kings. 

23 When king Arthasastha's collector of tribute had read this 
in the presence of Beum Baltam, and Sampsa the secretary, 
and his fellow servants, they marched in haste to Jerusalem, 
and through Juda, and with horsemen and an army caused 

24 them to stop. So a stop was put to the work of the house of 
God in Jerusalem, and it continued stopped till the second 
year of the reign of Darius, king of the Persians. 

Y. When Aggaius the prophet and Zacharias the son of 

Addo prophesied against the Jews who were in Juda and Jeru- 

2 salem — in the name of the God of Israel against them ; then 
arose Zorobabel the son of Salathiel, and Jesus son of Josedek, 
and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem ; 

3 and with them were the prophets of God helping them. At that 
time Thanthani the chief governor on this side the river, and 
Satharbouzani, and their fellow servants, came to them and 
spoke to them in terms to this effect, Who hath ordered you 
to build this house, and renew this theatrical entertainment? 

4 And they said to them, What are the names of the men who 

5 are building this city ? Now the eyes of God were on the cap- 
tivity of Juda, so that they did not cause them to stop until the 

6 matter was laid before Darius. So there was sent to the col- 
lector of the tribute, touching this affair, the substance of a let- 
ter, which Thanthani the chief governor on this bank of the 
river, and Satharbouzani, and their fellow servants the Aphar- 
sachaians who were on this bank of the river, should send to 

7 king Darius. They sent to him a verbal message, and by him 
the following letter was written : 


8 To Darius the king, all peace. Be it known to the king, 
that we went to the province of Judea, to the house of the great 
God, which they are building with choice stones. Timbers 
are actually laid in the walls, and the work is going on fast and 

9 prospereth in their hands ; We then questioned the elders and 
said to them, Who hath given you orders to build this house, 

10 and renew this theatrical entertainment ? We then asked their 
names that we might acquaint thee, that we might transmit to 

11 thee in writing the names of their principal men. Thereupon 
they answered us to this effect saying, We are the servants of 
the God of the heaven and the earth, and we are rebuilding his 

12 house which was built many years ago. A great king of Israel 
actually built it and fitted it up for them ; but when our fathers 
provoked to wrath the God of heaven, he delivered them into 
the hands of Nabuchodonosar king of Babylon the Chaldean, 
who destroyed this house and removed the people to Babylon. 

13 But in the first year of Cyrus the king, Cyrus the king made 

14 a decree that this house of God should be rebuilt : and the ves- 
sels of gold and silver belonging to this house of God which 
Nabuchodonosar had taken from this house in Jerusalem and 
put in the king's temple, these Cyrus the king caused to be 

15 brought out of the king's temple and gave them to Sabanasar 
the treasurer who was over the treasure, and said to him, Take 
all these vessels and go and deposit them in the house at Jeru- 

16 salem, in their places. At that time Sabanasar himself came 
and laid the foundation of this house of God at Jerusalem ; and 
from that time till now it hath been a building, and is not yet 

17 finished. Now therefore if it seemeth good to the king, let 
search be made in the treasury of the king of Babylon, that thou 
mayst know whether a decree hath been made by Cyrus the 
king, to rebuild this house of God at Jerusalem : and let the 
king, when informed touching this matter, send to us. 

VI. Thereupon Darius the king passed a decree, He hath 
caused search to be made in the libraries where the royal trea- 

2 sure is kept at Babylon, and there hath been found in the city, 
in the royal palace, a roll, in which is written this memoran- 

3 dum, In the first year of king Cyrus, Cyrus the king made a 
decree concerning the holy house of God at Jerusalem, Let the 
house be built, and the place where they offer sacrifices. More- 


over he hath fixed the dimensions, the length sixty cubits and 

4 the breadth sixty cubits. And there are to be three strong sto- 
ries of stone and one of wood ; and the expence is to be defray - 

5 ed out of the king's house : And let the vessels of the house of 
God, both of silver and gold, which Nabuchodonosar took out 
of the house in Jerusalem, and brought to Babylon, be given, 
and go back to the temple at Jerusalem, to the place where they 

G were deposited in the house of God. Now therefore you go- 
vernors beyond the river, Satharbouzani, and you their fellow 
servants the Apharsachaians, who are beyond the river, keep 

7 at a distance from that place. Let the work of the house of God 
alone. Let the rulers of the Jews, and the elders of the Jews 

8 build the house of God in its place. Furthermore, by me a 
decree is made in regard to what you may do for the elders of 
the Jews, that the house of God may be built. Out of the king's 
substance, the tributes beyond the river, let the expence be 
carefully paid to those men, that they may not be forced to stop ; 

9 and whatever they may stand in need of, such as young bulls 
and rams and lambs for whole burnt offerings to the God of 
heaven, wheat, salt, wine and oil, according to the order of the 

10 priests at Jerusalem — let whatever they ask be given them day 
by day, that they may offer continually to the God of heaven 
sweet smelling sacrifices, and pray for the life of the king and 

11 his sons. Moreover by me a decree is made, that if any man 
counteract this mandate, a beam be taken from his house, and 
that he being suspended, be executed thereon, and his house 

12 confiscated. And may the God whose name dwelleth there, de- 
stroy every king and people who shall stretch forth their hands 
to alter or destroy the house of God which is at Jerusalem. I 
Darius have passed the decree. Let it be strictly observed. 

13 Upon this Thanthani the chief governor on this side the 
river, and Satharbouzani and his fellow servants conformed 

14 strictly to what Darius the king sent. And the elders of the 
Jews and the Levites went on with the building by the prophe- 
sying of Aggaius the prophet, and Zacharias the son of Addo, 
and they rebuilt and fitted it up again by the decree of the God 
of Israel, and by the decree of Cyrus and Darius, and Artha- 

1 5 sastha, kings of Persia ; and having finished the house on the 
third day of the month Adar, in the sixth year of the reign of 


16 king Darius, the children of Israel, the priests and the Levites, 
and the rest of the children of the captivity, kept the dedication 

17 of the house of God with joy, and offered for the dedication of the 
house of God, a hundred young bulls, two hundred rams, four 
hundred lambs, and twelve he goats, for a sin offering, for all 

18 Israel, according to the number of the tribes of Israel. And 
they set the priests in their courses, and the Levites in their 
divisions over the service of God at Jerusalem, according to 

19 the writing of the book of Moses. And on the fourteenth day 
of the first month, the children of the captivity kept the pass- 

20 over. For the priests and the Levites had purified themselves 
till all were pure. And the Levites killed the paschal lambs for 
all the children of the captivity, and for their brethren, the 

21 priests, and for themselves. So the children of Israel who were of 
the captivity, and every one who had separated himself from the 
impurity of the nations of the land and had come to them to 

22 seek the Lord God of Israel, ate the passover, and kept the 
festival of unleavened bread seven days, with joy ; for the Lord 
had made them joyful, and had turned the heart of the king 
of Assur to them, to strengthen their hands in the works of the 
house of the God of Israel. 

VII. Now after these things in the reign of Arthasastha, king of 
the Persians, came up Esdras, son of Saraias, son of Azaraias, 
son of Chelkias, son of Seluru, son of Sadduk, son of Achitob, 
son of Samaria, son of Esria, son of Mareoth, son of Zaraia, 
son of Ozias, son of Bokki, son of Abisue, son of Phineas, son 

6 of Eleazar, son of Aaron, the first priest. This Esdras who came 
up from Babylon, was a ready scribe in the law of Moses, which 

7 the Lord the God of Israel had given to Israel. And when the 
king gave him leave, because the hand of the Lord his God was 
upon him in all that he sought, there came up to Jerusalem some 
of the children of Israel, and some of the priests, and some of 
the Levites, namely, the musicians and the keepers of the gates 
and the Nathinims in the seventh year of Arthasastha, the king; 

8 and they arrived at Jerusalem in the fifth month of the said 

9 seventh year of the king. For on the first day of the first month 
he settled his journey up from Babylon, and on the first day 

10 of the fifth month they arrived at Jerusalem. For the good 
hand of his God was upon him, because Esdras had set his 


heart to seek the law, and to do and to teach in Israel the 
statutes and the judgments. 

11 Now this is the copy of the decree which Arthasastha 
gave to Esdras the priest, the scribe of the book of the words 
of the commandments of the Lord, and of his statutes to Israel. 

12 Arthasastha king of kings, to Esdras, scribe of the law 
of the Lord, the God of heaven. "Let thy requests be granted. 

13 This is my answer. By me a decree is made, That every one 
of the people of Israel in my kingdom, and of the priests, and 
Levites, who is of his own free will minded to go to Jerusa- 

14 lem, is sent on behalf of the king, and the seven counsellors, 
to go with thee to guard to Judea, even to Jerusalem, by the 
law of their God, which is in thy hand, for the house of the 

15 Lord, the silver and the gold, which the king and the coun- 
sellors have freely offered to the God of Israel, who dwelleth 
in Jerusalem, and all the silver and the gold which thou canst 

16 procure in all the country of Babylon, with the free will offerings 
of the people and the priests who make free will offerings to 
the house of God which is at Jerusalem; enroll thou there- 

17 fore in this book every one who freely cometh to thee. The 
bulls, rams and lambs, with their sacrifices and their liba- 
tions — these thou shalt offer on the altar of the house of your 

18 God in Jerusalem. And if it seemeth good to thee and thy 
brethren, to do any thing with the rest of the silver and the 

19 gold, do it as it shall please your God ; but the vessels which 
are given thee for the service of the house of God, deliver up 

20 in the presence of God in Jerusalem. And whatsoever more 
may be wanted for the house of thy God, which thou mayst 
think ought to be given, give that out of the king's treasure 

21 houses and on my behalf. I Arthasastha the king, have given 
an order on all the treasuries which are beyond the river, that 
whatever Esdras the priest and scribe of the God of heaven 

22 shall require of you, be done with all readiness to the amount 
of a hundred talents of silver, and to the amount of a hun- 
dred cores of wheat, and to the amount of a hundred bats of 
wine, and a hundred bats of oil, and salt without limitation. 

23 Whatever is commanded by the God of heaven, let it be 
done. Take heed that no one offer any insult to the house of 
the God of heaven, lest there be wrath against the realm of 


24 the king and his sons. Moreover, in respect to all the priests 
and the Levites, the musicians, the keepers of the gates, the 
Nathiniins, and those employed in the service of the house 
of God, this hath been notified to you, Take no toll of them. 
Thou shalt have no authority to exercise dominion over them. 

25 And thou Esdras ! as the wisdom of God is in thy hand, ap- 
point scribes and judges, that they may administer justice to 
all the people beyond the river, to all such as know the law 
of thy God, and to such as know it not you shall make it 

26 known. And whoever will not readily perform the law of God, 
and the law of the king, upon him let judgment be passed, 
whether it be to death or to correction, or to confiscation of 
goods, or to imprisonment." 

27 Blessed be the Lord the God of our fathers who thus put 
2S it in the king's heart to glorify the house of the Lord which is 

at Jerusalem, and who gave me favour in the eyes of the king 
and his counsellors, and of all the officers of the king who 
were high in office. As for me, I strengthened myself, as 
the good hand of God was upon me, and assembled from 
among Israel chiefs to go up with me. 
VIII. Now these are the heads of families, the leaders 
who came up with me in the reign of Arthasastha king of 

2 Babylon. Of the children of Phineas, Gerson : of the chil- 

3 dren of Ithamar, Daniel : of the children of David, Attus : 
of the children of Sachania, even of the children of Phoros, 

4 Zacharias, and with him a band of a hundred and fifty : and 
of the children of Phaath-moab, Eliana, son of Saraia, and 

5 with him two hundred males : and of the children of Zathoes, 
Sechenias, son of Aziel, and with him three hundred males : 

6 and of the children of Adin, Obeth, son of Jonathan, and 

7 with him fifty males : and of the children of Elam, Isais, son 

8 of Athelia, and with him seventy males : and of the children 
of Saphatia, Zabadias, son of Michael, and with him eighty 

9 males : and of the children of Joab, Abadia, son of Jeiel, and 

10 with him two hundred and eighteen males : and of the chil- 
dren of Baani, Selimuth, son of Josephia, and with him a 

11 hundred and sixty males : and of the children of Babi, Zacha- 

12 rias son of Babi, and with him twenty eight males : and of 
the children of Asgad, Joanan son of Akkatan, and with him 

VOL. II. k 


13 a hundred and ten males : and of the children of xVdonikain, 
the under chiefs, and these were their names, Eliphalat, Jeel and 

14 Samaia, and with them sixty males : and of the sons of Bagui, 

15 Outhai and Zabud, and with them seventy males. And when I had 
assembled them at the river which runneth to Evi, we encamped 
there three days. And I inquired among the people and among the 
priests, and not finding any of the sons of Levi there, I sent for 

1 6 Eleazar, Ariel, Senieia and Alonam and Jarib and Elnatham, and 

17 Nathan and Zacharias and Messollam and Joarim and Elnathan, 
and despatched these men'of understanding to the chiefs at Mo- 
ney of the place, and put words in their mouth to speak 
to the brethren of the Athinims at Money of the place, 

18 that they might bring us choristers for the house of our 
God. So they came to us, as the good hand of our God 
was over us, chief Sachon of the children of Mooli son 
of Levi, son of Israel. Indeed his sons and brethren, being 

19 eighteen, came instantly, and brought Asebias and Isaia of the 

20 sons of Merari : his brethren and his sons were twenty ; and of 
the Nathanims, whom David and the chiefs gave for the service 
of the Levites, two hundred and twenty Nathanims were all 

21 assembled by names. Then I proclaimed a fast there at the ri- 
ver Avue, that we might humble ourselves in the presence of 
our God, and inquire of him the straight road for us, and our 
children, and all our substance ; for I was ashamed to ask of 

22 the king a band of soldiers and horsemen, to protect us from 
enemies on the way ; for we had spoken to the king, saying, The 
hand of our God is over all them for good, who seek him ; and 
his power and his wrath is against all them who forsake him. 

23 So we fasted and besought our God for this, and he hearkened 
21 to us. Then I set apart twelve of the chiefs of the priests, Sa- 

25 raia and Asabaia, and with them ten of their brethren, and I 
weighed out to them the silver and the gold, and the vessels 
which were dedicated to the house of our God, which the king 
and his counsellors, and his chiefs, and all the Israelites there, 

26 had dedicated — I weighed into their hands six hundred and 
fifty talents of silver, and a hundred vessels of silver and a hun- 

27 dred talents of gold, and twenty gilt cups, worth about a thou- 
sand drachms, and vessels of fine burnished brass, precious as 

28 gold, and said to them, You are holy to the Lord, and these 


vessels are holy, and the silver and the gold are free will offer- 

29 ings to the Lord God of our fathers. Watch and keep them, 
until you weigh them before the chiefs of the priests and the 
Levites, and the chiefs of the families in Jerusalem, into the 

30 tabernacles of the house of the Lord. And when the priests 
and the Levites had taken the weight of the silver and the gold, 

31 and the vessels to carry them to Jerusalem, to the house of our 
God, we removed from the river Avue, on the twelfth of the 

32 first month, to come to Jerusalem. And the hand of our God 
was with us, and delivered us from the hand of enemies, and 

33 of such as lay in wait on the way. And when we came to Jeru- 
salem, and had rested three days, we, on the fourth day, deli- 
vered the silver and gold and vessels, in the house of our God, 
into the hand of ^Terimoth, son of Ouria the priest, when there 
was with him, Eleazar son of Phineas, and with them Jozabad, 

34 son of Jesus, and Xoadia, son of Banaia, the Levites, all by 
number and by weight, and the whole weight was taken down 

35 in writing. At that time, they who came from the captivity, 
the children of them who had been carried away, offered as 
whole burnt offerings to the God of Israel, twelve young bulls 
for all Israel, ninety six rams, seventy seven lambs, twelve 

36 goats, for a sin offering. All these were whole burnt offerings 
to the Lord. Then they gave the king's decree to the king's 
lieutenants and governors beyond the river, and they paid due 
respect to the people and to the house of God. 

IX. When these things were done, the chiefs came to me and 
said, The people of Israel, and the priests and the Levites, 
have not separated themselves from the. neighbouring tribes. 
In their abominations, the Ethites, the Pherezites, the Jebu- 
sites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, and the ~\Ioserites, and 

2 the Amor it es, are the same with the Chananites. For they have 
taken some of their daughters for themselves, and their sons ; 
and the holy seed is mingled with the tribes of the neighbour- 
ing regions. And the hand of the chiefs is principally con- 

3 cerned in this transgression. And when I heard this I rent my 
garments, and started up and tore the hair of my head and my 

4 beard. Then I sat down mourning. And there assembled to 
me every one who, in the defection of the captivity, continued 
to follow the word of the God of Israel : but as for me, I con- 


5 tinned sitting disconsolate, till the evening sacrifice. And at 
the evening sacrifice I arose from rny humiliation — having 
rent my garments, I rose up, and fell upon my knees, and 

6 spreading forth my hands to the Lord God, I said : — Lord, 
I blush, and am ashamed to lift up, O my God, my face to 
thee ; because our iniquities are multiplied over our head, and 

7 our transgressions are heaped up to heaven. From the days of 
our fathers we are in great transgression, even to this day. 
And for our inquities, we and our kings and our children, 
have been delivered into the hand of the kings of the nations, 
to the sword and to captivity, and to spoiling, and to confusion 

8 of face, as at this day. Now, though our God hath had com- 
passion on us, so as to suffer a remnant of us to escape, and to 
give us a fixture in the place of his sanctuary, that he may en- 
lighten our eyes, and give us a little reviving in our bondage ; — 

9 Though we are slaves, the Lord our God hath not quite forsaken 
us, but hath extended mercy to us in the sight of the kings of 
Persia, to give us a reviving, by their raising up the house of 
our God, and repairing the desolations thereof, and giving us 

10 an enclosure in Juda and Jerusalem. What must we say, 
our God? After this we have forsaken the commandments 
which thou gavest us by the ministry of thy servants, the pro- 

11 phets, saying, The land which you are going to possess, is a 
land subject to change by the removal of the people of the 
nations for their abominations, with the filth of which they 

12 have filled it from one end to the other ; now therefore, give not 
your daughters to their sons, nor take any of their daughters for 
your sons ; nor shall you seek their peace or their welfare for- 
ever, that you may be strong, and eat the good things of the 
land, and leave it for an inheritance to your children forever. 

13 Now after all that is come upon us for our evil deeds, and for this 
our great transgression ; though there is no God like our God ; 
though thou hast blotted out our iniquities and given us deli- 

14 verance; yet we have returned to break thy commandments, 
and to intermarry with the people of these regions. Be not 
provoked against us to our utter destruction, so that not a rem- 

15 nant may escape. Lord God of Israel, thou art gracious ; 
for a remnant of us have escaped, as at this day. Behold we 


are before thee in our transgressions, though there is no stand- 
in cr before thee for this. 
X. Now when Esclras had prayed and made publick confes- 
sion, weeping and praying before the house of God, there as- 
sembled to him a very great congregation, men, women and 

2 youths. Because the people wept and made loud lamentation, 
therefore Sechenias, son of J eel, of the children of Elam, ad- 
dressing Esdras, said, We have broken covenant with our God 
and have taken strange wives of the people of the land ; but still 

3 there is hope in Israel concerning this. Now therefore let us 
make a covenant with our God, to put away all these wives 
and those born of them as thou shalt advise. Arise, and cause 
them to tremble at the commandments of our God, and let 

1 what the law requireth be done. Arise, for the matter resteth 
with thee, and we are with thee. Take courage and proceed 

5 to action. Upon this, Esdras arose and exacted an oath of the 
chiefs, the priests and Levites, and all Israel, that they would 

6 conform to this determination. And when they had taken the 
oath, Esdras went from the house of God to the treasury office 
of Joanan, son of Elisab. Though he went there, he neither ate 
bread nor drank water, for he mourned for the transgression of 

7. the captivity. And they issued a proclamation through Juda and 
Jerusalem, to all the children of the captivity to assemble at Je- 

8 rusalem, and that whoever did not come within three days, ac- 
cording to the order of the chiefs and the elders, all his substance 
should be anathematised, and he himself should be excommuni- 

9 cated from the congregation of the captivity. Accordingly all the 
men of Juda and Benjamin, assembled at Jerusalem within the 
three days. It was now the ninth month. On the twentieth 
of this month all the people sat in the street of the house of 
God, because of their consternation at the decree, and because 

10 of the weather. And Esdras the priest arose, and said to them, 
You have broken covenant and taken strange wives to add 

11 to the transgression of Israel ; now therefore, give praise to the 
Lord God of our fathers, and do what is well-pleasing in his 
sight, and separate yourselves from the people of the land, and 

12 from your strange wives. In reply to which, all the congrega- 
tion said, We take upon us the performance of this great thing 

13 which thou hast spoken; but the people are numerous and the 


weather stormy, so that we cannot stand out of doors, and this 
is not a work of one or two days ; for we have multiplied trans- 

14 gression in this respect. Let our chiefs, we pray thee, attend ; 
and let all those in our cities who have taken strange wives 
come at appointed times, and with them the elders of each re- 
spective city, and the judges, that they may turn away from 
us the fierce anger of our G-od for this matter. 

15 Besides Jonathan son of Asael, and Josias son of Thekoe, 
there were with me in this business, Mesollam and Sabbathai 

16 the Levite who assisted them. And this was the manner in which 
the children of the captivity acted. There were set apart Es- 
dras the priest, and head men of families for every house, and all 
who were named were to return on the first day of the tenth 

17 month, to make strict inquiry into this matter. And when 
they had finished with all the men who had taken strange 
wives, having continued the examination to the first day of 

18 the first month, there were found of the sons of the priests, 

19 who had taken strange wives — of the sons of Jesus son of Jo- 
sedek these brethren of his, Maasia and Eliezer and Jarib 
and Gadalia, and they gave their hand to put away their wives, 

20 and offered a trespass ram of the flock, for their transgres- 

21 sion : and of the sons of Emmer, Anani and Zabdia : and of 
the sous of Eram, Masael and Elia and Samaia and Jeel and 

22 Ozia : and of the sons of Phasur, Elionai, Maasia and Ismael 

23 and Nathaniel and Josabad and Elasa. And of the Levites, Jo- 

24 zabad and Samu and Kolia, the same is Kolitas, and Phetheia 
and Juda and Eliezer : and of the musicians, Elisab : and of the 

25 keepers of the gates, Solmen and Telmen aud Oduth. And 
of* Israel — of the sons of Phoros, Ramia and Azia, and Mel- 

26 chia and Meamin, Eleazar and Asabia and Banaia: and of 
the sons of Elam ; Matthania, and Zacharia and Jaiel and Ab- 

27 dia and Jarimoth and Elia : and of the sons of Zathua, Eli- 

28 onai, Elisub, Matthanai and Armoth and Zabad and Oziza : 
and of the sons of Babei ; Joanan, Anania and Zabu and Thali ; 

29 and of the sons of Banui ; Mosollam, Mulluch, Adaias, Jasub 

30 and Saluia and Remoth : and of the sons of Phaath Moab, 
Edne and Chalel and Bania and Maasia, Matthania, Beseleel 

31 and Banui and Manasse : and of the sons of Eram ; Eliezer, 
33 Jesia, Melchia, Samaias, Semeon, Benjamin, Balneh, Sama- 


ria: and of the sons of Aseni ; Metthania, Matthatha, Zadab, 

84 Eliphalet, Jeranii, Manasse, Semei: and of the sons of Bani ; 

Moodia, Amram, Ouel, Banaia, Badaia, Chelkia, Ovuania, 

37 Marimoth, Eliasiph, Matthania, Matthanai : and the sons of 

38 Banui, and the sons of Semei had done so, namely, Selemia 
and Nathan and Adia, Machadnabu, Sesei, Sariu, Ezriel and 
Selemia and Samaria and Sellnm, Amaria, Joseph : and of the 

48 sons of Nabu; Jael, Matthanias, Zabad, Zebennes, Jadai and 
44 Joel and Banaia. All these had taken strange wives and had 
children by them. 


I. The words of Nehemias, son of Chelkia. 

2 In the month Chaseleu of the twentieth year, when I was 
at Snsanabira, Anani, one of my brethren, came with certain 
men of Juda, and I inquired of them concerning the remnant 

3 who were left of the captivity, and concerning Jerusalem ; and 
they informed me that the remnant of the captivity who were 
left, were in that country in great affliction and reproach , and 
that the walls of Jerusalem continued demolished, and that 

4 the gates thereof were burned with fire. Upon hearing this 
report, I sat down and wept and mourned some days, fasting 

5 and praying before the God of heaven, and I said, I beseech 
thee, Lord, God of heaven, the Mighty, the Great and the 
Awful, who keepest thy covenant and thy mercy with them 

6 who love thee and keep thy commandments, let thine ear, I 
beseech thee, be attentive, and thine eyes open, that thou 
mayst hear the prayer of thy servant which I now make be- 
fore thee day and night, for the children of Israel thy servants, 
and plead for their sins which we have committed against thee. 

7 Both I and my father's house have sinned against thee. We 
have broken covenant with thee, and have not kept the com- 
mandments, and the statutes, and the judgments, which thou 

8 gavest in charge to thy servant Moses. Remember, I beseech 
thee, the word which thou didst give in charge to Moses thy 
servant, saying, When you break covenant with me, and I 

9 scatter you among the nations ; if you then return to me and 
keep my commandments and do them, though your disper- 


sion may be to the farthest part of heaven, thence I will gather 
them and bring them to the place which I have chosen for 

10 my name to dwell there. Now they are thy servants and thy 
people, whom thon hast redeemed with thy great power, and 

11 with thy strong hand. Turn not away, I beseech thee, Lord. 
But let thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant, and 
to the prayer of thy children, who desire to fear thy name : and 
prosper, I beseech thee, thy servant this day, and grant him 
favour in the sight of this man. 

II. Now I was the king's butler, and in the month Nisan of the 
twentieth year of king Arthasastha, the wine being before me, I 
took the wine, and when I had given it to the king (now there 

2 was .none besides me in waiting) the king said to me, Why is 
thy countenance sad, and thou not at thine ease ? this is nothing 
but grief of heart. At this I was greatly terrified and said to 

3 the king, Let the king live forever ! Why should not my coun- 
tenance be sad, seeing the city, the house of my father's se- 
pulchre, is in a state of desolation, and the gates thereof burned 

4 with fire ? Thereupon the king said to me, For what dost thou 
make request ? And when I had prayed to the God of heaven, 

5 I said to the king, If it seemeth good to the king, and if thy 
servant shall find favour in thy sight, that thou wouldst send 
me to Juda to the city of the sepulchres of my fathers, and let 

6 me rebuild it. Upon this the king said to me (now his concu- 
bine was sitting by him) For how long shall thy journey be, 

7 and when wilt thou return ? So the king being pleased to send 
me, I set him a time and said to the king, If it seemeth good 
to the king, let him give me letters to the governors beyond 
the river, that they may conduct me on in my journey till I come 

8 to Juda ; and a letter to Asaph, the keeper of the king's forest, 
that he may supply me with timber to cover the gates and for 

9 the wall of the city, and for a house to which I may go. So the 
king gave me, as the hand of God was favourable, a ad I came 
to the governors beyond the river, and delivered them the 
king's letters. 

10 Now the king sent with me captains of the army and horse- 
men. But when Sanaballat the Aronite and Tobia the servant, 
the Ammonite, heard this, it grieved them that a man was come 
to promote the welfare of the children of Israel. 


11 Now when I came to Jerusalem and had been there three 
days, I arose by night, I and a few men with me, but I did not 
tell a man what God had put into my heart to do for Jerusalem ; 

13 and there was not a beast with me but that on which I rode ; 
and I went out at the gate Golela on to the mouth of the well 
of fig trees, and on to the dung gate, tracing the wall of Jeru- 
salem which had been demolished, and the gates of which 

14 were burned with fire. Then I passed on to the gate of Ain 

15 and to the king's pool. But there being no place for the beast 
under me to pass, I continued going up by night along the 
wall of the valley. And having hastily traced the wall, and 

16 come to the valley gate, I returned. Now the watchmen did 
not know why I went nor what I was doing ; for I had not yet 
told the Jews, nor the priests, nor the nobles, nor the officers of 

17 the army, nor the rest who were to do the work. Then I said 
to them, You see the distress in which we are ! How Jerusa- 
lem is a waste, and the gates thereof have been given to the 
flames. Come, let us build up the wall of Jerusalem that we 

18 may no longer be a reproach. And when I told them of the 
good hand of God which was upon me, and the words which 
the king spoke to me, and said, Let us arise and build ; their 

19 hands were strengthened for this good work. But when Sana- 
ballat the Aronite, and Tobia the servant the Ammonite and 
Gesem the Arab heard, they laughed at us, and came to us 
and said, What is this which you are doing ? Are you going 
to rebel against the king ? In reply to which I said, The God 
of heaven will prosper us, as we his servants are pure and 
will go on with the building ; but you have no portion, nor 
right, nor memorial in Jerusalem. 

III. So Eliasub the high priest arose with his brethren the 
priests, and having built the sheep gate, they consecrated it 
and set up the gates thereof. They consecrated as far as the 
tower of the hundred, and to the tower of Anameel, even to 

2 the work performed by the chiefs of the children of Jericho 
and to the work performed by the children of Zakchur son 

3 of Amari. And the fish gate was built by the sons of Asana. 
Having covered it, they covered also the doors thereof and 

4 the locks and bars thereof. And next to them the chief of the 
children of Ramoth son of Ouria, son of Akkos, continued on 



the work. And next to them Mosollam son of Barachias, son 
of Mazebel continued it on. And next to them it was continu- 

5 ed on by Sadok son of Baana. And next to them the Thekoites 
continued it, but their nobles did not put their neck to their 

6 work. And Joida son of Phasek and Mesulam son of Basodia 
repaired the gate Jasanai. They covered it and set up the 

7 doors thereof, and the locks and the bars thereof. And next to 
them Maltias the Gabaonite and Evaron the Meronothite, 
the chiefs of Gabaon and Maspha continued the repairs to the 

8 throne of the governor on this side the river. And next to him 
Oziel son of Arachias with the gold smiths continued the re- 
pairs, and next to them Ananias a chief of the apothecaries for- 
tified, and they left Jerusalem behind them to the broad wall. 

9 And next to them the fortifications were carried on by Kaphaia 
son of Sur, the chief of one half of the environs of Jerusalem. 

10 And next to them Jedaia son of Eromaph fortified over against 

11 his house. And Attuth son of Asabania fortified next to him. 
And the next who fortified was Melchias son of Eram, then 
Asub son of Phaath-moab ; and they continued on to the tow- 

12 er of Thanurim. And next to him the fortifications were con- 
tinued by Sallum son of Alloes, the chief of the half of the en- 

13 virons of Jerusalem — by him and his daughters. The gate of 
the valley was secured by Anun and the inhabitants of Zano. 
They built it and set up the doors thereof, and the locks and 
the bars thereof, and built a thousand cubits of the wall even to 

14 the dung gate. And the dung gate was secured by Melchia son 
of Rechab, chief of the Bethakcharim ward — by him and his 
sons. They covered it and set up the doors thereof, and the 

15 gates and the bars thereof. And the gate of the fountain was se- 
cured by Solomon son of Choleze, a chief of a part of Mas- 
pha. He rebuilded and covered it, and set up the doors and the 
bars thereof, and built the wall of the pool of poppies by the 
king's garden, continuing it on to the stairs coming down 

16 from the city of David, And after him Nehemias son of Aza- 
buch, chief of the half of Bethsur ward, continued the fortifi- 
cations to the garden of David's sepulchre and to the artificial 

17 pool and to Bethaggarim. And after him the fortifications were 
continued by the Levites, by Raum son of Bani, and next to 

18 him by Asabia chief of the half of Keila ward, in his ward ; 


and after him by their brethren, Benei son of Enadacl, chief of 

19 the half of Keila ward ; and next to him Azur son of Jesus, the 
chief of Masphai repaired one curtain of the tower of Ascent 

20 which united them at the corner; and after him Barach son 
of Zabu, repaired the other curtain from the corner to the door 

21 of Betheliasub which belonged to the chief priest ; and after 
him Meramoth son of Ouria son of Akkos, another piece from 

22 the door of Betheliasub to the termination of that house. And 
after him the priests, the men of Ekkechar continued the re- 

23 pairs; After him Benjamin repaired, and Asub over against 
their house; And after him Azarias son of Maasias son of 

24 Anania, repaired adjoining to his house. After him Bani son 
of Adad, repaired the next curtain from Bethazaria to the cor- 

25 ner ; but as far as the curve over against the corner, including 
the tower projecting from the king's house above the court of 
the guard house, was the work of Phalach son of Euzai ; and 

26 after him was Phadaia son of Phoros, and the Nathanims who 
dwelt at Ophal, even to the garden of the water gate eastward, 

27 and they bad also the tower which projecteth outwards; and 
after him the Thekoites had the curtain over against the great 

28 projecting tower and onward to the wall of Ophla. Above the 
horse gate the priests repaired every man over against his 

29 house : and after them Sadduk son of Emmer repaired over 
against his house ; and after him repaired Samaia, son of Se- 

30 chenia, the keeper of the eastern gate ; and after him Anania, 
son of Selemia, and Anom the sixth son of Seleph had the 
next curtain ; and after Lim Mesulam, son of Barachia had 

31 over against his treasury office ; and after him Melchia son of 
Sarephi had as far as Bethan-nathanim ; and the haberdashers 
were over against the Maphekad and as far as the ascent of the 

32 curve ; and the brasiers and the haberdashers had between that 
and the sheep gate. 

IV. Now when Sanaballat heard that we were building the 

2 wall it appeared evil to him and he was much incensed, and 
railed against the Jews, and said before his brethren, Is the ar- 
my of Somoron reduced to this, that these Jews are building 
their city ? They are indeed offering sacrifice ; but can they 

3 prevail ? Can they heal the stones after being burned to a heap 
of dust ? Thereupon Tobias the Ammonite came near him and 


said to them, Can they either sacrifice or eat in that place of 
theirs ? Cannot a fox go up and demolish their stone walls ? 

4 Hear, our God, how we are made a laughing stock, and turn 

5 their reproach back on their own head, and make them an ob- 
ject of derision in a land of captivity, and cover not their in- 

7 But when Sanaballat and Tobias, and the Arabs and the 
Ammonites, heard that the walls of Jerusalem advanced in 
height, and that the breaches began to be stopped, it appeared 

8 to them very vexatious, and they all assembled together to come 

9 and attack Jerusalem, and lay it waste. Upon this we prayed 
to our God, and posted our guards against them clay and night 

10 for fear of them, though Juda said, Were the power of these 
enemies broken, there is so much rubbish that we cannot re- 

11 build the wall; and they who afflicted us said, They shall not 
know nor see till we are in the midst of them, and slay them, 

12 and cause the work to cease. And when the Jews who dwelt 

13 near them came and told us, They are coming against us from 
all quarters, I then posted, for the lowest parts of the place in 
the fortified posts behind the wall, the spear men and bow men ; 
and stationed the people with their swords by communities ; 

14 and having taken a view, I arose and said to the nobles, and to 
the officers, and to the rest of the people, Be not afraid of them. 
Bemember our Gocl who is great and terrible ; and fight for 
your brethren, your sons, your daughters, your wives and your 

15 houses. And when our enemies heard that we had got intelli- 
gence ; and God had frustrated their designs, we all returned to 

IT) the wall, every man to his work. And from that day one half 
of them who had been drawn off carried on the work, and the 
other half was kept ready with spears and shields, and bows 
and breast plates ; and the chiefs were behind all the house of 

17 Juda who were building the wall. And they who were employ- 
ed in carrying burdens were armed. With one hand they did 

18 their work, and with the other grasped a javelin. And the 
builders had every man his sword girded on his loins while 
they were building. And near every chief was a trumpeter with 

19 a horn. And I said to the nobles and to the chiefs, and to the 
rest of the people, The work is extensive and large, and we are 

20 scattered on the wall, one chief far from another. In what place 


soever you hear the sound of the trumpet, thither you must 

21 assemble to us, and our God will fight for us. So while we 
were carrying on the work, one half of them held their spears 

22 from break of day till the stars appeared. And at that time 
I said to the people, let every man with his youths, lodge in 
Jerusalem, and let the night be devoted to watching and the 

23 day to work. Now I myself mounted guard, and the men on 
duty attended me, and not a man of us put off our clothes. 

V. Now there was a great cry of the people and their wives, 

2 against their brethren the Jews. There were some who said, 
We with our sons and our daughters are many, therefore we 

3 will take corn that we may eat and live. There were others who 
said, As for our fields and our vineyards and our houses, let us 

4 inortgao'e them that we mav get corn and eat. There were others 
who said, We have borrowed money to pay the king's tribute, 

5 and pledged our fields and our vineyards and our houses, and now 
our flesh is the same as that of our brethren, our sons the same as 
theirs, yet behold we are subjecting our sons and our daughters 
to be slaves, nay, some of our daughters are already subjected 
to bondage, and we have no means to redeem them, for our no- 

6 bles have got our fields and our vineyards. Upon hearing their 

7 cry and these speeches, I was exceedingly grieved. And hav- 
ing consulted in my own mind, I chid the nobles and the 
chiefs, and said to them, Would any man exact of his brother 
what you exact? Then having assembled a great meeting 

8 against them, I said to them, We with our free will offerings 
have purchased' our brethren the Jews who were sold to the 
nations; and are you going to sell your brethren that they 

9 may be sold to us ? And when they held their peace and found 
no answer, I said, This thing which you do is not good. It is 
not in this manner that you are in the fear of our God to avoid 

10 the reproach of the nations, our enemies. My brethren and 
my acquaintances, and I myself, have lent them money and 
provisions. Let us I pray you relinquish our demands for this. 

11 Kestore to them, I beseech you, this very day their fields, and 
their vineyards, and their olive yards, and their houses ; and 
abate the price at which you have sold to each other corn and 

12 wine and oil. Thereupon they said, We will restore, and re- 
quire nothing of them. We will do as thou sayest. Then I called 
the priests and having caused them to swear that they would 


13 do according to this decree, I shook my lap and said, So may 
God shake every man who will not perform this promise, out 
of his house and from his labour, and let them be shaken out 
and emptied. And all the congregation said, Amen ; and praised 
the Lord, and the people executed the decree. 

14 From the day I was appointed to be their governor in the 
land of Juda — from the twentieth to the thirty second year of 
Arthasastha — for twelve years, I and my brethren did not 

15 eat the daily allowance which was their due — those daily al- 
lowances with which they who were before me had loaded 
them, and which they had exacted from them in bread and 
wine, to the amount at least of forty didrachms of silver. They 
indeed who had been displaced, tyrannised over the people ; 

16 but as for me I did not doso; because I feared God. Even 
in the work of the wall, I did not domineer over them ; nor 
did I purchase a field : and all who were employed with me 

17 there in the work, even a hundred and fifty chief men of the 
Jews, besides those who came to us, from the nations around 

18 us, were at my table. And the daily provisions for my table, 
was one ox, six choice sheep, and a kid for myself; and every 
ten days wine in plenty for all. Yet for all this I did not demand 
the daily allowance of bread, because the bondage was heavy 

19 upon the people. Kemember me, my God, for good, for all 
I have done for this people. 

VI. Now when Sanaballat and Tobias and Gesam the Arab, 
and the rest of our enemies heard that I had built the wall, and 
that there was no opening left therein ; (at that time I had 
not fixed up the doors in the gates,) Sanaballat and Gesam 

2 sent to me saying, Come let us have a meeting at the villages 

3 in the plain of Ono, intending to do me some mischief. Upon 
which I sent messengers to them saying, I am engaged in a 
great work, and cannot go down, lest the work should stop. 

4 Soon as I have completed it, I will go down to you. Again 
they sent to me to the same effect, and I returned them the 
same answer. 

5 Then Sanaballat sent his servant to me with an open letter 

6 in his hand, in which was written, " It is reported among the 
nations that thou and the Jews intend to rebel ; that for this 
purpose thou art rebuilding the wall ; and that thou art to be 

7 their king : and besides this that thou hast set up prophets 


for thyself that thou mayst make thyself king in Jerusalem 
over Juda. Now these reports will be told to the king, now 

8 therefore come and let us consult together." In reply to which 
I sent to him saying, There is no foundation for the reports 
as thou mentionest them, for thou thyself feignest them out 
of thine own heart. 

9 Because all were trying to terrify us saying, Their hands 
must be weakened from this work, so that it may not be accom- 
plished, therefore on this occasion I strengthened my hands. 

10 So when I went to the house of Semei, son of Dalaia, son of 

11 Metabaal, he became enrapt and said, "Let us repair to the 
house of God — into the midst thereof — and shut the doors 

12 thereof — for they are coming by night to kill us." But I said, 
What sort of a man must he be who would go into the house 
of God to save his life ! And upon inquiry I found that God 
had not sent him, and that his prophecy was a contrivance 

13 against me ; and that Tobias and Sanaballat had hired a mul- 
titude against me, that I might be frightened, and act in this 
manner, and take a wrong step, and fall into disrepute, that 

14 they might reproach me. Remember, God, Tobias and 
Sanaballat, according to these doings of theirs ; and Noa- 
dias the prophet, and the rest of the prophets, who tried to 
terrify me. 

15 Now the wall was finished on. the five and twentieth day 

16 of the month Elul, in fifty two days. And when all our ene- 
mies heard ; all the nations around us were terrified, and great 
fear fell upon them ; for they saw plainly that the perfecting 

17 of this work was of our God. In those days many of the no- 
bles of Juda sent letters to Tobias, and received letters from 

18 him. For many in Juda were affined to him, for he was the 
son in law of Sechenias, son of Erae, and his son Jonan had 
married a daughter of Mesulam, son of Barachias, and they 

19 kept on, telling me what he said and conveying to him what 
I said. And Tobias sent letters to frighten me. 

VII. Now when the wall was built, and I had set up the doors, 

2 and the keepers were reviewed and the musicians and the Le- 
vites, I gave a charge to my brother Ananias, and to Ananias 
chief of Bira in Jerusalem ; for he was a man of truth, and 

3 feared God above many ; and I said to them, The gates of 


Jerusalem must not be opened till sunrise. And when the 
watch is set, let the doors be shut and well bolted, and appoint 
guards of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, every man in his ward, 

4 and every man over against his house. As the city was of large 
extent, and the people therein few, and the houses were not re- 

5 built, God put it into my heart, and I had collected the nobles 
and the chiefs, and the people into classes, having found a 
book of the enrollment of those who first came up, in which I 

6 found written : " Now these are the children of the province 
who came up from the captivity — from the distant abode to 
which Nabuchodonosar the king of Babylon had sent them, 

7 and who returned, every man to his city, with Zorobabel and 
Jesus, and Nehemias, Azarias and Keelma, Naemani, Morde- 
cai, Balsan, Maspharath, Esdra, Baguia, Inaum, Baana, Mas- 
phar, head men of the people of Israel. 

8 The children of Pharos, two thousand a hundred and se- 
venty two ; 

9 The children of Saphatia, three hundred and seventy two ; 

10 The children of Era, six hundred and fifty two ; 

11 The children of Phaath-moab, descendants of Jesu and 
Joab, two thousand six hundred and eighteen ; 

12 The children of Ailam, a thousand two hundred and fifty 

13 The children of Zathuia, eight hundred and forty five ; 

14 The children of Zakchu, seven hundred and sixty ; 

15 The children of Banui, six hundred and forty eight; 

16 The children of Bebi, six hundred and twenty eight ; 

17 The children of Esgad, two thousand three hundred and 
twenty two ; 

18 The children of Adonikam, six hundred and sixty seven ; 

19 The children of Bagoi, two thousand and sixty seven ; 

20 The children of Edin, six hundred and fifty five ; 

21 The children of Ater, descendants of Ezekias, ninety eight ; 

22 The children of Esam, three hundred and twenty eight ; 

23 The children of Besei, three hundred and twenty four ; 

24 The children of Ariph, a hundred and twelve ; 

The children of Asen, two hundred and twenty three ; 

25 The children of Gabaon, ninety five ; 

26 The children of Baithalem, a hundred and twenty three ; 
The children of Atopha, fifty six ; 


27 The children of Anathoth, a hundred and twenty eight ; 

28 The men of Bethasmoth, forty two ; 

29 The men of Kariathiarim, Kaphira and Beroth, seven hun- 
dred and forty three ; 

30 The men of Arama and Gabaa, six hundred and twenty ; 

31 The men of Machemas, a hundred and twenty two ; 

32 The men of Baithel and Ai, a hundred and twenty three ; 

33 The men of Nabia, a hundred aud fifty two. 

34 The men of Elamaar, a thousand two hundred and fifty 
two ; 

35 The children of Eram, three hundred and twenty ; 

36 The children of Jericho, three hundred and forty five ; 

37 The children of Lodadid and Ono, seven hundred and 
twentv one : 

38 The children of Sanana, three thousand nine hundred and 
thirty ; 

39 The Priests. The children of Jodae, for the house of Je- 
sus, nine hundred and seventy three ; 

40 The children of Emmer, a thousand and fifty two ; 

41 The children of Phaseur, a thousand two hundred and forty 
seven ; 

42 The children of Eram, a thousand and seventeen ; 

43 The Levites. The children of Jesus and Kadmiel, de- 
scendants of Ouduia, seventy four. 

44 The musicians, the children of Asaph, a hundred and 
eighty eight. 

45 The keepers of the gates, the Salumites, the Aterites, the 
Telmonites, the Akubites, the Atites, the Sabites, a hundred 
and thirty eight. 

46 The Nathinims, The Seas', the Asphas', the Tabaoths', 
the Kiras', the Asuias', the Phadons', the Labana's, the Aga- 
bas', the Selnieis', the Anans', the Gadels', the Gaars', the 

50 Kaaias', the Kassons', the Nekodas', the Gersams', the Ozis', 
the Pheses', the Besis', the Meinons', the Nephosasis', the 
Bakbuks', the Achiphas', the Aroers', the Basaloths', the Mi- 
das', the Adasons', the Barkoues', the Sisaraths', the Themas', 

i>5 the Msias', the Atiphas'. The children of Solomon's servants, 
the Suteis', the Sapharats', the Pheridas', the Jelels', the Dor- 
kons', the Gadaels', the Saphatias', the Ettels', the Phakaraths', 



the Sabaims', the Einims', all these Nathiniins and the child- 
ren of Solomon's servants, three hundred and ninety two. 

61 These also came up from Thelmeleth, Thelaresa, Charub, 
Eron, Jerner, but could not shew the houses of their families, 

62 nor their seed, whether they are of Israel, namely, the child- 
ren of Dalaia, the children of Tobia, the children of Ne- 

63 koda, six hundred and forty two. And of the priests: the 
children of Ebia, the children of Akos, the children of Ber- 
zelli, (for they had married some of the daughters of Ber- 

64 zelli, the Galaadite, and were called by their names) — these 
sought the register of their genealogy, but it could not be found. 

65 Though they were related to the priesthood, yet the Athersas- 
tha ordered, that they should not eat of the most holy meats, 

66 until a priest should arise with the Manifestation. The whole 
congregation was about forty two thousand three hundred and 
sixty, exclusive of their men servants and maid servants, the 
number of whom was seven thousand three hundred and thirty 
seven, and the choristers of both sexes, two hundred and forty 
five. Their asses were two thousand seven hundred. 

70 As some of the heads of the families had given for the 
work — to Nehemias, for the treasury, a thousand pieces of 

71 gold, fifty cups, and thirty vestures for the priests ; the other 
heads of the families gave for the treasures of the work, twen- 
ty thousand pieces of gold, and two thousand three hundred 

72 mnas of silver ; and the rest of the people gave twenty thou- 
sand pieces of gold, and two thousand two hundred mnas 

73 of silver, and sixty seven vestures for the priests. Now the 
priests and the Levites, and the keepers of the gates and the 
musicians, and some of the people, and the Nathiniins, and all 

VIII. Israel, had taken up their abode in their cities; but 
when the seventh month was come, the sons of Israel who 
were in their cities, and all the people, assembled like one man, 
in the street which is before the water gate, and spoke to Es- 
dras the scribe to bring out the book of the law of Moses, 

2 which the Lord had enjoined on Israel. So Esdras the priest, 
brought out the law before the congregation, consisting of men 
and women, even all who had understanding, to hear it, on the 
first day of the seventh month, and read therein from sun ris- 

3 ing to mid day, before the men and the women, even all who 


were capable of understanding. And the ears of all the people 
were attentive to the book of the law. 

4 Now Esdras the scribe stood on a wooden scaffold, and 
there stood near him Matthathias and Samaias and Ananias 
and Ourias and Chelkia and Maasia on his right; and on his 
left, Phadaias and Misael and Melchias and Asoin and Asa- 

5 badrna, and Zacharias and Mesollom. And Esdras opened the 
book in the presence of all the people, for he was above them. 

6 And when he opened it all the prophets stood up. Then Esdras 
blessed the Lord the great God. And all the people answered 
and said, Amen, with uplifted hands. Then they bowed down 

7 and worshipped the Lord with their faces to the ground. And 
Jesus and Banaias and Sarabias proceeded to instruct the peo- 

S pie in the law, and the people kept their station. And when 
they had read in the book of the law of God, Esdras taught 
and enforced it with a knowledge of the Lord, so that the peo- 

9 pie gained understanding by the reading. Then spake Nehe- 
mias — when Esdras the priest and scribe and the Levites and 
they who instructed the people, had said to all the people, This 
day is holy to the Lord our God, mourn not nor weep (for all 
the people wept when they heard the words of the law) then he 

10 said to them, Go, eat dainty meats, and drink sweet wine and 
send portions to them who have none, for this day is holy to 
the Lord ; and do not Respond ; for the Lord is our strength. 

1 1 And the Levites stilled all the people, saying, Hold your peace 

12 for this is a holy day and do not despond. So all the people went 
away to eat and drink, and send portions and make great joy, 
because they had gained knowledge by the words which were 
explained to them. 

13 And on the second day, when the heads of the families 
with all the people and the priests and the Levites, were as- 
sembled before Esdras the scribe, to attend to all the words of 

14 the law, they found it written in the law which the Lord had 
given in charge to Moses, That the Israelites should dwell in 

15 booths at the festival in the seventh month, and that they should 
sound trumpets in all their cities and in Jerusalem. Where- 
upon Esdras said, Go out to the mountains and bring in olive 
branches, and branches of cypress trees and myrtle branches 
and palm branches, and the branches of every bushy tree to 


16 make booths according to what is written. Accordingly the peo- 
ple went out and brought them, and made for themselves 
booths, every man on his house top, and in their court yards, 
and in the courts of the house of God, and in the streets of the 

17 city, even to the gate of Ephraim. And when all the congrega- 
tion — all who had returned from captivity, had made them- 
selves booths and sat therein, because the Israelites had not 
done so from the days of Joshua son of Nave even to that day, 

18 the joy was great. So he read in the book of the law of God, 
day by day, from the first day to the last. And when they had 
kept the festival for seven days, on the eighth day they kept the 
exod according to custom. 

IX. And on the twenty fourth day of the same month, the 
children of Israel were assembled, fasting, and in sackcloth, 
and with earth on their heads, and having separated themselves 
from every stranger, they stood and confessed their sins and 

3 the iniquities of their fathers. When they had stood in their 
place and had the book of the law of the Lord their God read 
to them, and had made confession to the Lord and worshipped 

4 the Lord their God ; then Jesus stood on the step of the Le- 
vites with the sons of Kadmiel, Sechenia son of Sarabia, the 
sons of Choneni : and when they had cried with a loud voice 

5 to the Lord their God, and the Levites, Jesus and Kadmiel said, 
Arise, bless ye the Lord our God; from everlasting to ever- 
lasting let them bless thy glorious name, and exalt it with all 
blessing and praise, then Esdras said, "Thou art thyself the 

6 only Lord. Thou hast made the heaven and the heaven of 
heaven with all their host, the earth and all the things therein, 
the seas and all which are in them ; and thou quickenest them 

7 all ; and the armies of heaven worship thee. Thou art the Lord 
God. Having made choice of Abrarn, thou didst lead him 
out from the country of the Chaldees and give him the name 

8 of Abraham. And finding his heart faithful before thee, thou 
madest a covenant with him, to give him the land of the 
Chananites and the Chettites and the Amorites and the Phere- 
zites and the Jebusites and the Gergasites, even to his seed, 
and hast performed thy words, for thou art righteous. 

9 "Thou didst see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt and 
10 didst hear their cry at the Ked sea : and having shewn signs 


and wonders in Egypt on Pharao and on all his servants and 
on all his people, because thou knewest that they had behaved 
proudly against them, and made thyself a name as at this day, 

11 thou didst cleave the sea before them, and they passed through 
the midst of the sea on dry ground, but those who were pur- 
suing thou didst cast into the deep like a stone in boisterous 

12 water. With a pillar of cloud thou didst guide them by day ; 
and by night with a pillar of fire, to illumine the way for them 

13 in which they should go : thou earnest down also on mount 
Sina and didst speak to them from heaven, and give them right 
judgments and laws of truth and statutes and good command - 

14 ments. Thou madest known to them thy holy sabbaths and 
didst prescribe for them commandments and statutes and a law 
by the ministry of thy servant Moses. 

15 "Thou gavest them also bread from heaven for their food, 
and didst bring water for them out of a rock for their thirst, or- 
dering them to go in and take possession of the land which thou 

16 hadst stretched forth thy hand to give them. But they, even our 
fathers, behaved proudly and hardened their neck, and hearken- 
ed not to thy commandments. 

17 "Though they refused to go in, and were unmindful of 
thy wonders which thou hadst done among them — though 
they hardened their neck, and set up a head to return to their 
bondage in Egypt, yet thou who art a God merciful and gra- 
cious, long suffering and of great kindness, didst not forsake 

18 them utterly. Even before this, though they made themselves 
a molten calf and said, These are the gods which brought us 

19 up out of Egypt, and committed great provocations ; yet thou 
through thy manifold mercies didst not leave them in the wil- 
derness. Thou didst not withdraw from them by day the pillar 
of a cloud which was to guide them in the way, nor the pillar 
of fire, at night, which was to illumine the way for them in 

20 which they should go ; but gavest thy good spirit to instruct 
them; and not withholding thy manna from their mouth, thou 

21 gavest them water when they were athirst. Thus didst thou 
sustain them forty years in the wilderness, not suffering them 
to want any thing. Their clothes did not wear out, nor were 

22 their feet galled. Then thou gavest them kingdoms, and didst 
divide peoples among them; so they took possession of the 


land of Seon king of Esebon, and of the land of Og king of 

23 Basan. And having multiplied their children as the stars of 
heaven, thou broughtest them into the land which thou hadst 

24 promised their fathers ; and they took possession of it. But 
when thou hadst subdued before them the inhabitants of the 
land of the Chananites, and delivered them into their hands — 
both the kings and the people of the land, to do with them as 

25 they thought fit ; and they had taken lofty cities, and got pos- 
session of houses filled with all good things, of cisterns ready 
hewn out of stone, of vineyards and oliveyards, and all sorts of 
fruit trees in abundance, and had eaten and were filled, and be- 

20 came fat, they rioted on thy great bounty, and turned and 
apostatised from thee, and cast thy law behind their backs : 
Nay, they slew thy prophets who testified against them to turn 

27 them to thee; and committed great provocations. Therefore 
thou didst deliver them into the hand of their enemies, who 
afflicted them. But when, in the time of their distress they cried 
to thee, thou from heaven didst hear, and in thy tender mercies 
which are great, thou didst send them deliverers, and save 

28 them out of the hand of them who were afflicting them. Yet 
soon as they had rest, they returned to do evil in thy sight, 
therefore thou didst leave them in the hand of their enemies, 

29 who exercised dominion over them. But again when they cried 
to thee, thou from heaven didst hearken, and in the multitude 
of thy tender mercies didst deliver them, and admonish them 
to return to thy law. When they hearkened not, but trans- 
gressed thy commandments and thy judgments, (which if a 

30 man practise he shall live thereby) and turned back rebelliously, 
and hardened their neck, and would not hear, and thou hadst 
borne with them many years, and testified against them by thy 
Spirit — by the ministry of thy prophets ; and they did not give 

31 ear, though thou didst deliver them into the hands of the peo- 
ple of the land, yet in the multitude of thy tender mercies thou 
didst not give them up to utter destruction, nor quite forsake 

32 " Seeing thou art mighty and merciful, and tenderly com- 
passionate; now therefore, our God, the Mighty, the Great, 
the Powerful and the Awful, who keepest thy covenant and thy 
mercy, let not all the trouble be accounted light in thy sight, 


which hath come upon us, and our kings, and our chiefs, and 
our priests, and our prophets, and our fathers, and on all thy 
people from the days of the kings of Assur even to this day. 

33 Thou indeed art righteous in all that have come upon us. For 

34 thou hast acted with truth ; but we have sinned greatly. Our 
kings, and our chiefs, and our priests, and our fathers, have 
not kept thy law, nor hearkened to thy commandments and 

35 thy testimonies which thou hast testified against them. Even in 
thine own kingdom, and during that abundant bounty of thine 
which thou didst bestow on them, and in this extensive and rich 
country which thou gavest before them, they have not served 

36 thee, nor turned away from their wicked devices. Behold we 
are now slaves, and as for this land which thou gavest to our 

37 fathers to eat the fruits thereof, and the good things thereof, 
behold we are slaves in it; and its abundant fruits belong to 
those kings whom for our sins thou hast set over us, and who 
have dominion over our bodies, and who can do with our cat- 

38 tie what they please, so that we are in great affliction. In a due 
sense, therefore, of all these things we pledge our faith, we by 
writing, and our chiefs, our Levites, and our priests by seal- 

X. ing — (note they who sealed were Nehernias the Artasastha, son 
of Aehelia, and Sedckias son of Araia, and Azaria and Jercmia, 
Phasur, Amaria, Mclchia, Attics, Sebani, Malueh, Tram, Me- 
rarnoth, Abelia, Daniel, Gannathon, Baruch, Mosulam, Abia, Mi- 
9 amin, Maasia, Belgai, Samaia : And these priests and Levites, 
Jesus son of Azania, Banaiu, of the sons of Enadad, Kadmicl and 
his brethren, Sabania, Oduia, Kalitan, Phelia, Anan, Micha, 
lioliob, Asebias, Zakchur, Sarabia, Sebania, Odnm, sons of Ba- 
nuai; the chiefs of the people, Phoros, Phaath-moab, Elam, Zat- 
thuia, sons of Bani, Asgad, Bebai, Adania, Barjoi, Ed in, Ater, 
Ezelda, Azur, Oduia, Esam, Besi, Ariph, Anathoth, Nobai, 
Megaphes, Mesullam, Ezir, Mesozebel, Saduk, Jeddua, Phal- 
tia, Anan, Anaia, Osee, Anania, Asub, Aloes, Phctiai, Sobek, 
Reum, Essabana, Maasia and Aia, Ainan, Eram, Maluch, Eram, 
Baana: and the rest of the people, the priests, the Levites, the 
keepers of the gates, the musicians, the Nathinims, and every one 
who came from among the people of the land to the law of God, 
their wives, their sons, their daughters, every one who had know- 
ledge and understanding, ivere urgent with their brethren, and 


bound themselves with an oath, entering into a curse and an oath — ) 

29 that we will walk in the law of God, which was given by the 
ministry of Moses the servant of God, to keep and to do all the 
commandments of the Lord and his judgments and his sta- 

30 tutes; and that we will not give our daughters to the people 
of the land; nor will we take their daughters for our sons, 

31 and that with regard to the people of the country who bring 
wares or any thing to sell on the sabbath day, we will not buy 

32 of them on the sabbath, or ou a holy day : and that every se- 
venth year we will remit every demand of what kind soever : 
and that we will confirm the commands upon us to give every 
year a third of a didrachm for the service of the house of our 

33 God, for the presence loaves and the sacrifice of the daily ob- 
lation and for the whole burnt offering of every day, of the 
sabbaths, of the new moons, for the festivals and for the holy 
things, namely, the sin offerings to make atonement for Israel, 

34 and for the works of the house of our God : and that we the 
priests and the Levites and the people who have cast lots touch- 
ing the bringing of wood, will bring it for the house of our 
God, for the house of our families, at the set times and seasons 
yearly, to be burned on the altar of the Lord our God, as it is 

35 written in the law : and that we will bring the first fruits of our 
land, and the first fruits of every fruit tree yearly to the house 

36 of the Lord, and do, with regard to the first born of our sons 
and our cattle, as it is written in the law ; that we will bring 
the firstlings of our herds and our flocks to the house of our 
God for the priests, who minister in the house of our God : 

37 and that we will bring the dedications of our corn including 
the fruit of trees, and of wine and oil to the stores of the 
house of God for the priests; and the tythe of our land for 
the Levites. But the Levites themselves shall receive the tythes 

38 in all the cities of our bondage; and the priest, the son of 
Aaron, shall share with the Levite in the Levite's tythe; and 
the Levites shall carry the tythe of their tythe to the house of 

39 our God— to the store houses for the house of our God— be- 
cause the children of Israel including the children of Levi are 
to carry the dedications of their corn, their wine and their oil 
to these treasuries, and the holy vessels and the priests and the 
ministering servants and the keepers of the gates and the mu- 


sicians are to be there, therefore we will not forsake the house 
of our God." 
XI. Now the chiefs of the people dwelt at Jerusalem, and the 
rest of the people cast lots to bring one of every ten to dwell 

2 in Jerusalem, the holy city, and nine parts in their cities. And 
the people blessed all those men who were of their own accord 

3 willing to dwell in Jerusalem. Now these are chiefs of the 
country who dwelt in Jerusalem and the cities of Juda. There 
dwelt every man in his possession in their cities, Israel, the 
priest and the Levites and the Nathinims and the children of 

4 Solomon's servants : and there dwelt in Jerusalem some of the 
sons of Juda and some of the sons of Benjamin — of the sons 
of Juda, Athaia, son Azia, son Zacharia, son Samaria, son 

5 Saphatia, son JMaleleel ; and of the sons of Phares also, Maasia, 
son Baruch, son Chalaza, son Ozia, son Adaia, son Joarib, 

6 the son of Zacharias, the son of the Selonite — all these sons 
of Phares who dwelt in Jerusalem were four hundred and 

7 sixty eight men of array. And these were the sons of Benja- 
min, Selo, son Mesulom, son Joad, son Phadaia, son Choleia, 

8 son Maasias, son Ethiel, son Jesia, and after him, Gebe, Sele, 

9 nine hundred and twenty eight, and Joel son of Zechri was 
overseer over them, and Juda son of Asana for the city was 

10 second. Of the priests, Jadia son of Joarid, Jachin, Saraia, son 
Alchia, son jMesulam, son Sadduk, son Marioth, son Aitoth 

11 were over against the house of God, and their brethren who 

12 did the work of the house were eight hundred and twenty two ; 
and Adaia a son of Jeroam who was the son of Phalatia son of 

13 Amasi, son Zacharias, son Phasur, son Melchia and his bre- 
thren, heads of families, two hundred and forty two ; and 
Amasia son of Esdriel who was the son of Mesarimith, son of 

14 Emmer and his brethren fit to be mustered, a hundred and 
twenty eight, and their overseer was Badiel one of the nobles. 

15 xVnd of the Levites, Samaia son of Esrikam, Matthanias son of 

16 Micha and Jobed, son of Samue, two hundred and eighty 
19 four. And the keeper of the gates, Akub, Telamin and their 
22 brethren, a hundred and seventy two. And the overseer of 

the Levites son Bani, son Ozi, son Asabia, son Micha of the 
sons of Asaph the musicians attended over against the work 
of the house of God, for it was the king's command to them. 

VOL. II. x 


24 And Phatkaia son of Baseza was the king's minister for all 

25 matters with the people. And for their villages in the fields 
some of the sons of Juda dwelt at Kariatharbok and at Jesou 

30 and at Bersabee. And their villages were Lachis and its fields, 
and they encamped at Bersabee. And the sons of Benjamin 

36 were from Gabaa to Mackmas, and of the Levites, some were 
with Juda and some with Benjamin. 

XII. Now these are the priests and the Levites who came up 
with Zorobabel son of Salathiel and Jesus, Saraia, Jeremia, 
7 Esdra, Amaria, Maluch, Sechenia, these were the chiefs of the 
priests ; and their brethren in the days of Jesus, namely the 
Levites, were Jesu, Banui, Kadmiel, Sarabaia, Jodae, Mattha- 
nia. He was superintendant, and their brethren were for the 
courses. And Jesus begot Joakim and Joakim begot Eliasib 
and Eliasib begot Jodae, and Jodae begot Jonathan, and Jona- 
than begot Jadu. And in the days of Joakim his brethren the 
priests, the chiefs of the families were for Saraia, Amaria ; for 
Jeremia, Anania ; for Esdra, Mesulam ; for Amaria, Joanan ; 
for Amaluch, Jonathan ; for Sechenia, Joseph ; for Are, Man- 
nas ; for Marioth, Elkai ; for Adadai, Zacharia ; for Ga- 
nathoth, Mesolam ; for Abia, Zechri ; for Miamin, Maadai ; 
for Pheleti ; for Balgas, Samue ; for Semia, Jonathan ; for Joa- 
rib, Matthanai ; for Edio, Ozi ; for Salai, Kallai ; for Amek, 

22 Abed ; for Elkia, Asabias ; for Jediu, Nathaniel. And in the 
days of Eliasib, these Levites, Joada and Joa, and Joanan and 
Idua were enrolled chiefs of the families, and they were the 

23 priests in the reign of Darius the Persian. Now the Levites 
enrolled as heads of the families in the book of Chronicles, 

24 continued till the days of Joanan son of Elisue. And these 
were the chiefs of the Levites, Asabia and Sarabia and Jesu, 
and the sons of Kadmiel and their brethren, were over against 
them for the hymn, to sing praises according to the command 
of David the man of God course for course. 

25 When I had collected the keepers of the gates in the days of 
Joakim, son of Jesus, son of Josedek, even in the days of Nehe- 
mias, when Esdras was the priest and scribe, at the dedication of 
the wall of Jerusalem, they sought the Levites in all their places 
to bring them to Jerusalem, to make the dedication with joyful 

28 thanksgivings and with songs, accompanied with cymbals and 


psalteries and kinyras ; and the sons of the musicians were as- 
sembled at Jerusalem from the neighbourhood around, both 

29 from the villages and the fields. For the musicians at Jerusa- 

30 lem had built villages for themselves. And the priests and the 
Levites having purified themselves, purified also the people, 

31 and the keepers of the gates and the wall. Then they brought 
up the chiefs of Juda upon the wall, and having appointed two 
great companies for the songs of praise, they proceeded on 

32 from the right upon the wall of the dung gate ; and after 

33 them went Osaia and half of the chiefs of Juda, namely, Aza- 
rias and Esdras, and ITesolani and Juda, and Benjamin and 

34 Samaias, and Jeremia and some of the sons of the priests, with 

35 trumpets, Zacharias, son Jonathan, son Samaia, son Mattha- 

36 nia, son Michaia, son Zakchur, son Asaph and his brethren, 
Samaia and Oziel, Gelol, Jama, Aia, Nathaniel and Juda, 
Anani, to sing praises in the songs of David, the man of God. 

37 And Esdras the scribe was before those at the gate, to sing 
praises over against these. And they went up the stairs of the 
city of David, by the ascent of the wall above the house of 
David, and on to the water gate of Ephraim, and over the 
fish gate, and by the tower of Anameel, and on to the sheep 

42 gate. And the musicians were heard though they were hid 

43 from view. And on that day they offered great sacrifices, and 
rejoiced. Because God had given them great joy, therefore 
their wives and their children rejoiced, and the joy of Jerusalem 
was heard at a great distance. 

44 And on that day they appointed chief men over the store 
houses for the treasures, the dedications, and the tythes, and 
what were collected therein for the chiefs of the cities, and as- 
signed portions for the priests and the Levites. For Juda re- 
joiced at the attendance of the priests and the Levites, as they 
kept the watches of their God and the watches of purification ; 

45 and at the attendance of the musicians and the keepers of the 
gates, as they were instituted by the command of David and his 

46 son Solomon. Because in the days of David at the institution, 
Asaph was the first of them who sung hymns and praises to 

47 God, therefore in the days of Zorobabel and in the days of Xe- 
hemias, all Israel continued the giving daily portions to the 
musicians and to the keepers of the gates, dedicating them to 


the Levites, and the Levites dedicating them to the sons of 
XIII. On reading that day in the book of Moses in the audi- 
ence of the people, it was found written therein, that the Am- 
monites and the Moabites should not enter into the congrega- 
tion of God forever ; because they did not meet the Israelites 
with bread and water ; but hired Balaam against them to curse 

3 them; but our God turned the curse into a blessing. And 
when they heard the law, they separated from Israel all the 

4 mixed multitude. Now before this, Eliasib the priest, made 
his dwelling in a store house of the house of our God. Having 

5 an affinity with Tobias, he had fitted up for himself a large 
store house in which they formerly stored up the sacrifice and 
the frankincense, and the vessels, and the tythe of the corn, 
and the wine and the oil, the allotment of the Levites and the 
musicians, and the keepers of the gates, and the oblations 

6 which belonged to the priest. But during all that time I was 
not at Jerusalem. For in the thirty second year of Arthasastha 

7 king of Babylon, I went to the king. And at the end of the 
year, having obtained the king's leave, I came to Jerusalem. 
When I was informed of the wickedness which Eliasib had 
committed for the sake of Tobias, in fitting up for him a trea- 

8 sure house in the court of the house of God, it grieved me ex- 
ceedingly ; therefore I threw all the furniture of Tobias out of 

9 the treasure house. And when by my orders they had purified 
the rooms, I caused to be brought there again the utensils of 

10 the house of God, and the sacrifice and the incense. And when 
I understood that the portions of the Levites had not been giv- 
en them ; and that the Levites and the musicians who were 
employed in the service had fled, every man to his field, 

11 I quarrelled with the officers and said, Why is the house of 

12 God forsaken ? Then I brought them together and set them 
in their station ; and all Juda brought in the tythe of the corn, 
and the wine, and the oil into the treasuries, under the charge 
of Selemia the priest, and Sadok the scribe, and Phadaia, one 

13 of the Levites, who had for assistants Anan, son Zakchur, son 
Mathanias, because they were accounted faithful. And it was 
their business to make distribution among their brethren. 


14 Kemember me, God, for this; and let not the observance I 
have paid to the house of the Lord God be blotted out. 

15 In those days I saw in Juda some treading wine presses on 
the sabbath day, and some carrying sheaves, and loading their 
asses with wine and grapes and figs, and all kinds of burdens, 
and bringing them to Jerusalem on the sabbath day. Where- 
upon I testified against them, touching the day of their selling. 

16 Some also dwelt there who brought fish, and sold all sorts of 
wares on the sabbath, to the children of Juda, even in Jerusa- 

17 lem. Upon this I chid the freemen of Juda, and said to them, 

18 What evil is this which you do in profaning the sabbath ? Did 
not your fathers do so, and did not our God bring upon them 
and upon us, and upon this city, all these evils ? And are you 
bringing more wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath? 

19 And when the gates of Jerusalem were set up, I ordered them 
to be shut before the sabbath, and gave a charge that they 
should not be opened till after the sabbath ; and I stationed 
some of my servants at the gates that no burdens might be 

20 brought in on the sabbath day. Upon this they all lodged and 
carried on their traffick without Jerusalem once or twice. 

21 Then I testified against them and. said to them, Why do you 
lodge before the walls ? If you do so any more I will lay hands 

22 on you. From that time they did not come on the sabbath. 
Then I ordered the Levites who were sanctified and come to 
guard the gates, to keep holy the sabbath day. For these things 
remember me, my God, and have compassion on me accord- 
ing to thy abundant mercy. 

2o In those days also I saw the Jews who had married wives 

24 of Azotus, of Ammon, and of Moab, and their children spoke 

25 half in the dialect of Azotus, and did not know how to speak 
the Jewish language ; and I .quarrelled with them, and re- 
proached them, and smote some men among them, and caus- 
ed some of them to be shaved, and adjured them by God, say- 
ing, You shall not give your daughters to their sons, nor take 

26 any of their daughters ibr your sons. Did not Solomon king 
of Israel sin by doing so ? Though among many nations there 
was not a king like him? Though he was beloved by God, 
and God had made him king over all Israel, yet strange women 

27 led him astray. Let us not therefore hear of your committing 


all this iniquity, breaking covenant with our God, and marry- 

28 ing strange women. And one of the sons of Joada the son of 
Elisub the high priest, being the son in law of Sanaballat the 
Ouranite, I drove him from me. 

29 Put them in mind, God, of their near relation to the 

30 priesthood, and of the covenant of the priesthood. As for the 
Levites I purified them from all connexion with strangers, 
and appointed the courses of the priests and the Levites, every 
man according to his business, and the offering of the wood 
carriers at stated periods, and at the festivals. 

Remember me God, for good. 


I. After these things, in the days of Artaxerxes the same 

2 who reigned from India, over a hundred and twenty seven 
provinces, when Artaxerxes was settled on his throne in the 

3 city Susoi, in the third year of his reign, he made an entertain- 
ment for his friends, both for other nations, and for the nobles 

4 of the Persians and Medes, and for the governors. And having 
after this displayed to them the riches of his kingdom, and the 
transporting glory of his riches, for a hundred and eighty days, 

5 when the days of his marriage were fulfilled, the king made 
an entertainment for all the nations who were in the city, for 

6 six days, in the court of the royal palace, which was adorned 
with painted hangings of cotton, extended with cords of cot- 
ton, and purple yarn, to capitals of gold and silver, on pillars 
of parian marble and alabaster. The couches were of gold and 
silver, on a pavement of smaragdine, pinine, and parian stone ; 
and their covers were of gause, painted with a variety of flow- 

7 ers ; and roses were scattered all around. The goblets of gold 
and silver, with a small carbuncled cup to each, amounted in 
value to thirty thousand talents. There was wine in abundance 

8 and of a sweet quality, such as the king himself drank. Now 
this entertainment was not according to an established cus- 
tom ; but the king would have it so, and he commanded the 
stewards to comply with his pleasure, and that of the guests. 

9 Astin the queen also made an entertainment for the women 
10 in the royal palace, where king Artaxerxes was. And on the 


seventh day, the king, in high good humour, ordered Anian and 
Basan and Tharra and Barazi and Zatholtha and Abataza and 
Tharaba, the seven chamberlains, who waited on king Artax- 

11 erxes, to bring the queen to him to proclaim her queen, and 
crown her with a diadem, and shew her to the chiefs, and her 

12 beauty to the nations ; for she was beautiful. But queen Astin 
hearkened not to him to come with the chamberlain, at which 

13 the king was greatly offended and inflamed with anger and 
he said to his friends, Astin hath spoken so and so ; do you 
therefore execute law and judgment, touching this matter. 

14 Thereupon there came before him, Arkesaius and Sarsathaius 
and Malisear the chiefs of the Persians and Medes, who were 

15 near the king, and had the first seats next him ; and told him 
according to the laws what ought to be done to queen Astin, 
because she had not done what the king had commanded by 

16 the chamberlains. And Muchaius said to the king and to the 
chiefs, Queen Astin hath wronged, not the king only, but also 

17 all the king's chiefs and leaders ; for he hath told them the 
queen's conduct and how she hath contradicted the king. 

18 Therefore as she hath contradicted the king Artaxerxes, so 
will the rest of the ladies now, the wives of the Persian and 
Medean princes, upon hearing what she hath said to the king, 

19 presume in like manner to dishonour their husbands. If there- 
fore it seemeth good to the king, let him pass a royal decree 
and let it be written according to the laws of the Medes and 

20 Persians, and let him not alter it nor suffer the queen any 
more to approach him; but let the king give her royalty to 
another woman, better than her. And let this edict of the 
king be proclaimed, which if he cause to be done throughout 
his kingdom, then will all the women both rich and poor, pay 

21 respect to their husbands. And the speech pleased the king 
and the princes; and the king did as Muchaius had spoken, 
and sent the decree throughout the whole kingdom, into every 
province in the language and writing thereof, that men might 
be feared by their own families. 

II. After this when the king's wrath was appeased and he no 
more remembered Astin, nor made any mention of what she 
2 had spoken, and how he had condemned her; the king's ser- 
vants said, Let there be sought for the king a virgin of un- 


3 blemished chastity, and beautiful ; and let the king appoint of- 
ficers in all the provinces of his kingdom, and let them select 
and send to the city Susoi to the house of the women, virgins 
remarkable for beauty ; and let them be delivered to the king's 
chamberlain, the keeper of the women ; and let the things ne- 

4 cessary for purification be given them. And let the woman who 
shall please the king be made queen in the room of Astin. And 
the proposal pleased the king, and he did so. 

5 Now there was at the city of Susoi, a man, a Jew, whose 
name was Mordecai. He was the son of Jairus, the son of Se- 

6 meias, the son of Kisaius, of the tribe of Benjamin. He had 
been carried away captive from Jerusalem among them whom 

7 Nabuchodonosar king of Babylon had captivated. And this 
man had a foster child, a daughter of Aminadab, his father's 
brother; and her name was Esther. On the decease of her 

8 parents he educated her to be a wife for himself. But as the 
girl was beautiful, when the decree of the king was published, 
and many young women were brought to the city Susoi and 
put under the care of Gai, Esther also was brought to Gai the 

9 keeper of the women. And the young woman pleased him and 
found favour in his sight, so that he hastened to give her the 
things for purification and the allotted portion ; and seven 
waiting maids were assigned to her out of the king's house : 
and he treated her and her maids courteously in the house of 

10 the women. Now Esther did not disclose her family, nor her 

11 country; for Mordecai had charged her not to tell. But Mor- 
decai walked every day before the court of the womens' house 
to see what would happen to Esther. 

12 Now the time for every young woman to go to the king 
was when she had compleated twelve months ; for thus were 
the days of their purification fulfilled. Six months they were 
anointed with oil of myrrh, and six months with aromatics 

13 and lotions used by women. Then she goeth in to the king. 
The keeper is to deliver her to whomsoever the king order- 
eth to go with her from the womens' apartment to the king's 

14 house. In the evening she goeth in, and in the morning goeth 
with all speed to the second house of the women, which is un- 
der the care of Gai the king's chamberlain, the keeper of the 
women, and no more cometh to the king unless called for by 


15 name. So when the time was fulfilled for Esther the daughter 
of Aminadab, Mordecai's uncle, to go to the king, she neglect- 
ed nothing which the chamberlain the keeper of the women 
ordered her ; for Esther found favour with all who saw her. 

16 And Esther went in to Artaxerxes the king, in the twelfth 
month which is the month Adar in the seventh year of his 

17 reign. And the king was enamoured of Esther, and she found 

18 favour above all the virgins, so that he set the queen's crown 
on her head and made an entertainment for all his friends and 
potentates for seven days, and to celebrate the marriage of 
Esther he made a release to those under his government. 

19 Now Mordecai performed service in the court, and Esther 
had not yet declared her family, for Mordecai having charged 

20 her in this manner to fear God and execute his commands as 
when she was with him, Esther did not alter her conduct. 

21 And two of the king's chamberlains, who were captains of his 
life guard, being displeased because Mordecai was promoted, 

22 sought to kill king Artaxerxes. But the matter being made 
known to Mordecai, he informed Esther and she disclosed 

23 the conspiracy to the king ; whereupon the king having ex- 
amined the chamberlains, caused them to be hanged, and or- 
dered a record to be made in the royal library with an enco- 
mium on Mordecai's fidelity. 

III. After these things king Artaxerxes honoured Haman of 

2 Amadathus the Bougaian, and promoted him, and seated him 
first of all his friends, so that all the court bowed down to him 

3 for so the king had commanded to be done. But 3Iordecai 
did not bow down to him; whereupon they who were in the 
king's court said to him, Mordecai, Why trangressest thou 

4 the king's commands. And when they spoke to him daily and 
he hearkened not to them, they told Hainan, that Mordecai 
disobeyed the king's commands. Now Mordecai had told 

5 them that he was a Jew. So when Haman understood that 

6 Mordecai did not bow down to him, he was greatly inflamed 
with wrath, and determined to destroy all the Jews throughout 

7 the whole kingdom of Artaxerxes. And having drawn up a 
decree in the twelfth year of the reign of Artaxerxes, he cast 
lots for one day after another and for one month after another 

8 so as to destroy the whole race of Mordecai in one day. And 

VOL. II. o 


the lot having fallen on the fourteenth day of the month Adar, 
he spoke to king Artaxerxes, saying, There is a nation scat- 
tered among the nations throughout thy whole kingdom, 
whose laws differ from all the nations. And as they disobey the 
king's laws and it is not expedient for the king to let them 
9 alone ; if it seemeth good to the king, let him pass a decree to 
destroy them and I will subscribe ten thousand talents of sil- 

10 ver to the king's treasury. Thereupon the king taking off his 
ring gave it to Haman to seal the writings against the Jews. 

11 And the king said to Haman, Keep the money, and do with 

12 the nation what thou pleasest. So the king's secretaries were 
convened on the thirteenth day of the first month, and they 
wrote as Haman directed to the generals and the governors in 
every province, from India to Ethiopia a hundred and twenty 
seven provinces, and to the chiefs of the nations according to 

13 their dialect in the name of king Artaxerxes, and the decree 
was despatched by posts throughout the whole kingdom of 
Artaxerxes, to destroy the race of the Jews on a certain day 
of the twelfth month which is Adar, and to make spoil of 

14 their goods. And copies of the decree were to be sent through 
every province and all the nations were ordered to be ready 

15 against that day. And when the business was despatched at 
Susoi, the king and Haman sat down to revel, but the city 
was struck with consternation. 

IV. Now when Mordecai knew what was done, he rent his 
clothes and put on sackcloth and strewed himself with ashes, 
and running through the street of the city, he cried with a 
loud voice, A nation is to be cut off, which hath committed no 

2 fault. But when he came to the king's gate, he stopped ; for it 
was not lawful for him to enter the court in sackcloth and 

3 ashes. And in every country where the writings were pub- 
lished there was a cry with lamentation and great grief among 

4 the Jews, and they put on sackcloth and ashes. When the 
queen's maids and chamberlains came in and told her, she 
was troubled at the news, and sent to clothe Mordecai and to 
take away his sackcloth from him; but he would not be per- 

5 suaded. Then Esther called Achrathaius her chamberlain, 
who attended her, and sent him to learn from Mordecai an ex- 

7 act state of the matter. Whereupon Mordecai told him what 


was done and the promise which Haman had made to the king 
of ten thousand talents to the royal treasury, that he might de- 

8 stroy the Jews ; and he gave him a copy of the decree for their 
destruction, which was published among the Susians to shew 
it to Esther, and told him that he charged her to go in and 
supplicate the king and to entreat him for the people, calling 
to mind the days of thy humiliation when thou wast brought 
up by my bounty. Seeing Haman who is second to the king, 
hath spoken against us to destroy us, call thou upon the Lord 

9 and speak to the king for us, to deliver us from death. Accord- 

10 ingly Achrathaius went in and told her all these words. There- 
upon Esther said to him, Go to Mordecai and tell him, that all the 

11 nations of the kingdom know, that no man or woman who shall 
go to the kin^ into the inner court without beinof sent for, hath 
any security for life : he only can be saved to whom the king 
shall stretch forth the golden sceptre. Now I have not been 

12 called to go to the king these thirty days. When Achrathaius 
delivered this message of Esther to Mordecai, Mordecai said 

13 to him, Go say to her, Esther, do not flatter thyself that thou 

14 alone of all the Jews in the kingdom shall escape. Be assured, that 
if thou neglectest the present opportunity, help and protection 
will come to the Jews from some other quarter; but thou and 
thy father's house shall be destroyed. Who knoweth but that 

15 for this very occasion thou hast been made queen. Then 
Esther sent back the messenger to Mordecai, saying, Go and 
assemble the Jews who are at Susoi and fast for me. You must 
neither eat nor drink for three days ; night nor day ; and as for 
me, I and my maids will fast likewise, and then I will go to the 
king contrary to law, though perhaps I must die. 

17 So Mordecai went and did as Esther commanded him. 

V. And on the third day Esther put on her royal apparel and 
stood in the inner court of the king's palace over against the 
king's house, when the king was sitting on his royal throne, in 

2 the royal house, over against the gate. And when the king saw 
Esther standing in the court, she obtained favour in his sight, 
and the king held out to Esther the golden sceptre which was 
in his hand, and Esther drew near and touched the top of the 

3 sceptre. And the king said, What would queen Esther? And what 
is thy petition ? To the half of my kingdom it shall be granted 


4 thee. Thereupon Esther said, To-day is my set day, if there- 
fore it seemeth good to the king, let him come with Hainan to 

5 the banquet which I will this day prepare. And the king said, 

6 Call Haman quickly that we may do as Esther hath said. So 
they both went to the banquet which Esther had ordered. 
And at the banquet the king said to Esther, What would queen 

7 Esther ? Whatever thou askest shall be granted. To which she 

8 replied, If I have found favour in the sight of the king, Let 
the king come again with Haman to-morrow to the banquet 
which I will prepare for them, and to-morrow I will make my 

9 request and my petition. Then Haman went out from the king 
overjoyed and gladdened, but upon seeing Mordecai the Jew 

10 in the court, he was inflamed with great indignation. So go- 

11 ing home, he called his friends and his wife Zosara, and hav- 
ing displayed to them his riches and the honour which the 
king had conferred on him ; how he had promoted him to the 

12 highest rank and made him ruler of the kingdom, the queen, 
said he, invited none to the banquet with the king, but only 

13 me : and to-morrow I am invited : but these things give me 

14 no pleasure, when I see Mordecai the Jew in the court. There- 
upon Zosara his wife and his friends said to him, Let a gal- 
lows fifty cubits high be made for thee, and early in the morn- 
ing speak to the king and let Mordecai be hanged thereon, then 
go to the banquet with the king and take thy fill of joy. And 
the thing pleased Haman. So the gallows was got ready. 

VI. Now on that night the Lord removed sleep from the king, 
therefore he ordered his attendant to bring the book of daily 

2 records, and read to him ; and finding what was written con- 
cerning Mordecai, how he had informed the king of the king's 
two chamberlains, when they commanded the guard, and sought 

3 to lay hands on Artaxerxes, the king said, What honour or fa- 
vour did we confer on Mordecai ? To which the king's ser- 

4 vants replied, Thou hast conferred none. And while the king 
was making inquiry concerning Mordecai's fidelity behold 
Haman was in the court. And the king said, Who is in the 
court? Now Haman had come to speak to the king, that he 
might order Mordecai to be hanged on the gallows which he had 

5 prepared. So the king's servants said, Behold Haman is standing 

6 in the court, and the king said, Call him in. And the king said 


to Haman, What shall I do to the man whom I wish to honour ? 
Upon this Haman said to himself, Whom doth the king wish 

7 to honour but me ? So he said to the king, With regard to the 

8 man whom the king wisheth to honour, Let the king's servants 
bring out the royal robes with which the king is arrayed, and 

9 the horse on which the king rideth, and give them to one of 
the most honourable of the king's friends, and let him array 
the man whom the king loveth, and mount him on the horse, 
and make proclamation through the street of the city saying, 
Thus shall it be done to every man whom the king honoureth. 

10 Then the king said to Haman, Thou hast spoken well, Do thou 
so to Mordecai the Jew, who is an attendant in the court. Let 

11 nothing be omitted of what thou hast spoken. So Haman took 
the robe and the horse, and having arrayed Mordecai he mount- 
ed him on the horse, and went through the street of the city 
and made proclamation saying, Thus shall it be done to every 

12 man whom the king wisheth to honour. Then Mordecai re- 
turned to the court, and Haman went home in grief with his 

13 head covered. And when Haman told his wife and his friends 
all that had happened to him ; his friends and his wife said, If 
Mordecai be of the race of the Jews thy humiliation before him 
is begun. Thou shalt continue falling and shalt not be able to 

14 have thy revenge of him ; for with him is the living Grod. And 
while they were speaking the chamberlains came to hasten 
Haman to the banquet which Esther had prepared. 

VII. And when the king came with Haman to banquet with 

2 the queen, the king said to Esther the secoud day at the ban- 
quet, What is it queen Esther ? What is thy request, and what 
thy petition ? to the half of my kingdom it shall be granted 

3 thee. Thereupon she in reply said, If I have found favour in 
the sight of the king, let my life be granted at my request, and 
my people at my petition ; for I and my people are sold to be 

4 destroyed. Had it been to be plundered and reduced to sla- 
very — that we and our children should be bondmen and bond- 
women, I would have dissembled hearing it, for the accuser 

5 is not worthy of the king's court. And the king said, Who is 
he who hath dared to do such a thing ? To which Esther re- 

G plied, The adversary is Haman, this bad man. At this Haman 
was struck with consternation for fear of the king and the queen. 


7 Then the king rising from the banquet went into the garden, 
and Haman supplicated the queen, for he saw himself in a des- 

8 perate situation. And on the king's returning out of the gar- 
den as Haman had prostrated himself on the sopha to suppli- 
cate the queen, the king said, What ! would he offer violence 
to my wife in my house ? Upon hearing this Haman was con- 

9 founded. Then Bugathan one of the chamberlains said to the 
king, Behold Hainan hath prepared a gallows for Mordecai who 
spoke for the king. There is at Haman's house a gallows ac- 
tually erected fifty cubits high. Thereupon the king said, Let 

10 him be hanged thereon. So Haman was hanged on the gallows 
which he had prepared for Mordecai, and the king's anger was 

VIII. appeased. And on that same day the king made a pre- 
sent to Esther of all that belonged to Haman the accuser. And 
the king sent for Mordecai ; (for Esther told him that he was 

2 her kinsman ;) and the king took the ring which he had taken 
back from Haman and gave it to Mordecai, and Esther set him 

3 over all that belonged to Haman. Then she spoke to the king 
again and fell at his feet and besought him to avert the mis- 
chief of Haman, and what he had devised against the Jews. 

4 And when the king stretched forth the golden sceptre to Esther, 

5 she arose and stood near the king and said, If it seemeth good 
to thee, and I have found favour, let despatches be sent to re- 
verse the letters sent by Haman, which were written to destroy 

6 the Jews who are in thy kingdom. For how can I see the cala- 
mity of my people? or how can I survive the destruction of 

7 my kindred? Thereupon the king said to Esther, If I have 
given thee all -the substance of Haman ; and to gratify thee have 
caused him to be hanged on a gallows, because he laid his 

8 hands on the Jews, what more dost thou desire ? Write ye 
yourselves what you please in my name, and seal it with my 
ring. For what is written by the king's order, and sealed with 
my ring cannot be reversed. 

9 So the secretaries were convened in the first month which 
is Nisan, on the three and twentieth day thereof in the same 
year, and a letter was written to the Jews reciting all that had 
been given in charge to the lieutenants and to the chief go- 
vernors of the provinces from India to Ethiopia, a hundred and 
twenty seven provinces, to every province as they could read 


10 it, then it was written by the king's command and sealed with 
his ring, (and these letters were sent by posts) that he ordered 

11 them to use their own laws in every city, and to assist each 

12 other, and to use their adversaries, and them who assaulted 
them as they pleased, on a certain day, the thirteenth of 
the twelfth month Adar, throughout the whole kingdom of 

13 Artaxerxes — that these subsequent writings were to coun- 
terbalance the former letter; and that these counterbalanc- 
ing Avritings should be exposed to publick view through- 
out the whole kingdom, that the Jews might be ready against 

14 that day to combat their adversaries. So the horsemen set out 

15 in all haste to execute the king's orders. And when the decree 
w T as published at Susoi, Mordecai went forth, arrayed in a 
royal robe, wearing a crown of gold and a turban of purple 

16 cotton. And upon seeing him the inhabitants of Susoi rejoiced. 

17 And among the Jews, there was light and joy in every city and 
province where the decree was published. Wherever procla- 
mation was made, there was joy and gladness among the Jews, 
feasting and mirth ; so that many of the nations were circum- 

IX. cised and became Jews, for fear of the Jews. For in the 
twelfth month, on the thirteenth of the month x\dar, the letters 
of the king having arrived, they who assaulted the Jews on 

3 that day were destroyed. For none withstood them and the ter- 
ror of them continued; for the great lords and petty princes, 
and the king's secretaries, honoured the Jews ; for the dread of 

4 Mordecai fell upon them ; for the decree of the king had caus- 
ed his name to be known throughout the whole kingdom. 

6 Now in the city Susoi, the Jews slew five hundred men, 
including Pharsanes and Delphon, and Phasga and Pharadatha, 
and Barea and Sarbaka, and Marmasima and Kuphaias, and 
Arsaius and Zabuthaias, the ten sons of Hainan of Amadathu 

11 the Bugaian, the enemy of the Jews, and rifled them. On that 
very day, when a return was made to the king of the number 

12 slain at Susoi, the king said to Esther, The Jews have slain in 
the city Susoi five hundred men, how then, thinkest thou, 
have they behaved in the rest of the kingdom ! What there- 
fore dost thou request farther, and it shall be granted thee? 

13 Thereupon Esther said to the king, Let the Jews be allowed 
to use to-morrow in like manner, that they may hang up the 

14 ten sons of Haman. Accordingly he granted them leave to do 


so, and ordered the bodies of the ten sons of Hainan, to be 

15 thrown out to the Jews to be hanged up. So the Jews at Susoi 
assembled on the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and slew 
three hundred men, but took no spoil. 

] 6 Now the rest of the Jews who were in the kingdom, assem- 
bled and assisted each other, and had rest from their enemies, 
for they slew fifteen thousand of them on the thirteenth of the 

17 month Adar, but took no spoil. And having rested on the 
fourteenth of the month, they kept it as a day of rest with joy 

J 8 and gladness. But the Jews of Susoi having assembled on the 
fourteenth and then rested, kept the fifteenth with joy and glad- 

19 ness. Therefore because the Jews, who were scattered through 
all the distant provinces, keep the fourteenth of the month 
Adar, as a holy day, with joy, sending portions to one another, 
Mordecai wrote an account of these matters in a book, and 
sent it to all the Jews who were in the kingdom of Artaxerxes 

21 far and near, to set apart as holy days and to keep both the 
fourteenth and the fifteenth of the month Adar, for in those 

22 days the Jews had rest from their enemies : And with regard 
to the month Adar, in which they had a change from grief to 
joy and from sorrow to gladness, to keep the whole month as 
good days of weddings and joy, sending portions to their 

23 friends and to the poor. And the Jews took this upon them. 

24 As Mordecai wrote to them how Haman of Amadathn, the 

25 Macedonian, warred against them — as he made calculations 
and cast lots to destroy them, and as he went to the king with an 
intention to hang Mordecai, but all the evils he endeavoured to 
bring on the Jews, fell upon himself, and he and his sons were 

26 hanged ; therefore these days were called Phrouri, because of 
the lots, which in their language are called Phrouri. On the 
account of the things contained in that letter and of all that 
they suffered in consequence thereof, and all that happened to 

27 them, as he instituted, so the Jews took upon themselves and 
their posterity, and upon all that joined them, never to use 
them in any other manner. Therefore let these days be a last- 
ing memorial from generation to generation, in every city, 

28 country and province ; and let these days of Phrouri be kept 
forever ; and let the memorial of them never perish from among 
their generations. 


29 Then Esther the queen, the daughter of. Arninadab, and 
Mordecai the Jew, wrote all that they did, and a confirmation 

30 of the letter respecting the Phrouri, which Mordecai and 
Esther the queen enjoined on themselves, to their own pre- 
judice, having at that time established their counsel against 

31 their health. Thus did Esther actually establish it, and it was 
written to be kept in remembrance. 

X. Then the king laid a tribute upon the dominion both of the 

2 land and the sea. But with regard to his power and his valour 
and the riches and the glory of his kingdom, behold they are 
written in the book of the kings of the Persians and the Medes 

3 to be kept in remembrance. Xow Mordecai was viceroy of 
king Artaxerxes, and was great in the kingdom, and being ho- 
noured by the Jews and beloved, he enforced the observance 
of their religion on all his nation. 


I. There was a man in the country of Ausitis whose name was 

Job. He was a man of truth and integrity, just, pious, and 

2 who abstained from every thing that was evil. He had seven 
sons and three daughters ; and his cattle were seven thousand 
sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen, five 

3 hundred breeding asses. His attendants were numerous, and 
his works great in the country. He was also a man of illustri- 
ous birth, among the people of the east. 

4 Now his sons had a custom of meeting at each others 
houses, and making an entertainment, each on his day, taking 
along with them their three sisters to eat and drink with them. 

5 And soon as the days of the entertainment were over, Job sent 
for, and purified them early the next morning, and offered 
sacrifices for them according to their numbers ; a young bull 
for a sin offering for each of them ; for Job said, Perhaps my 
children have in their mind conceived evil before God. In 
this manner therefore Job acted after every of those days. 

(J And it came to pass that on the same day, when lo ! the 
angels of God came to present themselves before the Lord, 
Satan also came with them ; and the Lord said to Satan, 

7 Whence comest thou? And Satan in reply said to the Lord, 

VOL. II. p 

Ch. I. JOB. 

Having gone round the earth, and roved the whole of it under 

8 heaven, I am come here. And the Lord said to him, Hast thou 
harboured in thy mind any thing against my servant Job ? For 
there is not like him on the earth, a man unblameable, true, 

9 pious, abstaining from every thing evil. And Satan in reply 
said before the Lord, Doth Job worship the Lord for no- 

10 thing ? Hast thou not made a hedge about all that he hath, 
abroad and at home, and about all that belong to him round 
about, and blessed the works of his hands, and multiplied his 

11 cattle on the earth ? But put forth thine hand and touch all 

12 that he hath, he will indeed openly renounce thee. Then the 
Lord said to Satan, Behold all that he hath I deliver into thine 
hand ; but himself thou must not touch. 

13 So Satan went out from the Lord, and after that, on the 
same day, when the sons and daughters of Job were drink- 

14 ing wine at their elder brother's house, lo ! a messenger came 
to Job, and said to him, The oxen were ploughing and the 

15 asses feeding near them, and the plunderers came and car- 
ried them off. Thy servants also they slew with the sword, 

16 and I alone having escaped, am come to tell thee. While 
he was yet speaking, another messenger came, and said to 
Job; Fire hath fallen from heaven and burned up the sheep, 
and devoured the shepherds likewise ; and I, alone having 

17 escaped, am come to tell thee. While this one was still speak- 
ing, another messenger came and said to Job, The horse- 
men, having formed three bands against us, surrounded the 
camels and have carried them off, and slain thy servants 
with the sword ; and I, alone having escaped, am come to 

18 tell thee. While he was still speaking, another messenger 
came, and said to Job, While thy daughters were eating and 

19 drinking at their eldest brother's, a great blast of wind came up 
suddenly from the wilderness, and took the four corners of the 
house, so that the house fell upon thy children, and they are 
dead, and I, alone having escaped, am come to tell thee. 

20 Upon this Job rising up rent his clothes, and shaved his 

21 head, and falling on the ground he worshipped and said, Na- 
ked I came from my mother's womb, and naked I shall de- 
part hence. The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away. As 

22 it pleased the Lord so hath it come to pass. Blessed be the 

Ch. II. JOB. 

name of the Lord. In all these things which befel him, Job trans- 
gressed not against the Lord, nor imputed indiscretion to 
his God. 
II. Again on the day when the angels of God came to present 
themselves before the Lord, Satan also came among them to 

2 present himself before the Lord. And the Lord said to Satan, 
Whence coinest thou ? And Satan said before the Lord, Hav- 
ing traversed that under heaven, and roved through the whole 

3 of it, I am come here. And the Lord said to Satan, Thou hast 
therefore attended to my servant Job ; that there is not of those 
on the earth a man like him, guiltless, true, unblameable, ab- 
staining from all evil. Still he retaineth his innocence ; so that 
thou hast ordered the destruction of his property, without 

4 accomplishing thy purpose. In reply to which Satan said to 
the Lord, Skin for skin. All that a man hath he will give for 

5 his life. Only put forth thy hand, and touch his bones and his 

6 flesh, he will indeed openly renounce thee. Then the Lord 
said to Satan, Behold I deliver him up to thee, only preserve 

7 his life. Thereupon Satan withdrew from the presence of the 
Lord, and smote Job with foul ulcers from head to foot, so 

8 that he took a shell to scrape away the ichor, and sat down in 
an unclean place without the city. 

9 And much time having elapsed, his wife said to him, How 
long wilt thou persist saying, Behold I will wait yet a little 
longer, in hope and expectation of my deliverance? For be- 
hold the memorial of thee — those sons and daughters, whom 
I brought forth with pangs and sorrow, and for whom I toiled 
in vain, are vanished from the earth; and thou thyself sit- 
test among the putrefaction of worms, all night long in the 
open air, while I am wandering about, or working for wages, 
from place to place and from house to house, wishing for the 
setting of the sun, that I may rest from the labours and sor- 
rows I endure. Do but say something for the Lord and die. 

10 Whereupon he looking stedfastly at her said, Like one of the 
women without understanding hast thou spoken ? If we have 
received good things at the hand of the Lord, shall we not 
bear up under afflictions? In all these things which befel 
him, Job transgressed not with his lips against God. 

11 Now when his three friends heard of all the calamities 
which were come upon him, they came to him each from his 

Ch. III. JOB. 

own country, namely, Eliphaz the king of the Thaimanites, 
Baldad the sovereign of the Saucheans, and Sophar the king 
of the Minaians. Having made an appointment they came to 

12 him to comfort and take care of him, but seeing him at a dis- 
tance they did not know him. Then raising their voices 
they wept aloud, and having rent each his robe and sprinkled 
themselves with dust, they sat down by him seven days and 

13 seven nights. And none of them spoke. For they saw that the 
stroke was grievous and very great. After this Job opened his 
mouth and cursed his day, saying, 

III. Perish the day in which I was born — and the night in 

4 which they said, It is a male ! Let that night be darkness : let 
not the Lord from above regard it, nor splendour come upon 

5 it : but let darkness and the shadow of death cover it : upon it 

6 let there come a thick darkness. May the day be execrated ! 
And as for that night, may a pitchy darkness sweep it away ! 
May that never come into the days of the year ; nor be num- 

7 bered among the days of months. But as for that night, may it 
be sorrow, and may there never come upon it gladness or mirth ! 

8 But let him curse it who curseth the day — him who is to at- 

9 tack the great sea monster. May the stars of that night be ob- 
scured in darkness : may it long for light but never reach it ; 

10 nor see the rising of the morning star : because it shut not up 
the door of my mother's womb : for that would have removed 

11 sorrow from mine eyes : for why did I not end my days in the 
womb ? Or when I came forth from the belly why did I not in- 

12 stantly perish ? Why was I dandled upon the knees ? And why 

13 have I sucked the breasts ? I might now have lain still and been 

14 quiet ; I might have gone to sleep and been at rest ; with des- 
pots of the earth who gloried in their swords : or with chiefs 

15 who abounded in gold — who filled their houses with silver ; 

16 or like an untimely birth sent forth from its mother's womb : 

17 or like infants which never saw the light. There the wicked 
have ceased to be a terror : there the weary have got rest for 

18 their body : and they of old who are assembled there together ; 

19 have never heard the exactor's voice. Small and great are there 

20 on a level — the servant, with his dreaded lord. For why is 
light given to them in misery ; or life to souls distressed with 

21 sorrow, who long for death but find it not ; though they dig for 

Ch. IV. JOB. 

22 it as for treasures ; and would rejoice exceedingly if they should 

23 chance to find it. For God hath shut up death from a man ; to 

24 whom it would have been a repose. For my groaning cometh 
before my meat ; aad I pour forth tears, begirt with sorrow. 

25 For the terror, which I dreaded, is come upon me ; and that, 

26 of which I was afraid, hath befallen me. Did I not cultivate 
peace ? was I not quiet ? was I not at rest ? Yet wrath is come 
upon me — 

IV. Here Eliphaz the Thainianite interrupting him, said, 
2 Should frequent replies be made to thee in distress ? But 
o who can bear the vehemence of thy words ? For if thou hast 
instructed many ; and strengthened hands which were weak ; 

4 and raised up with words them who were fainting; and given 

5 courage to knees which were strengthless : but now, when 
trouble hath come upon thee and touched thee, thou art impa- 

6 tient : is not either thy fear grounded on folly — or thy hope ? 

7 And this calamity the effect of thy conduct ? Kecollect there- 
fore. Who ever perished, being innocent ? Or when were the 

8 righteous utterly destroyed ? As I have seen men ploughing 
improper grounds : they who sow such places shall reap sor- 

9 rows. By the decree of the Lord they shall perish ; and by the 

10 blast of his ire be utterly consumed. The strength of a lion 
and the roaring of a lioness and the boastful pride of dragons 

11 have been extinguished. The myrmekoleon hath j^erished for 

12 want of food : and young lions have forsaken each other. But 
had there been any truth in thy words ; none of these evils 
would have happened to thee. 

13 Should not my ear receive unusual things coming from 
him ? At a dreadful sound by night, when terror appal leth 

14 men, I was seized with a horror and trembling, which gave a 

15 violent shog to my bones. A wind indeed blew full in my 

16 face, and my hair stood erect and my flesh quivered. I started 
up, but could perceive nothing : I looked, but there was no 
form before my eyes. I only heard a sound and a voice, say- 

17 ing : " What ! can a mortal be pure before the Lord, or a man 

18 by his works be blameless ? If in his servants he placeth not 

19 confidence, and in his angels perceiveth some blemish : how 
should he treat them who dwell in houses of clay, (of which 

20 clay we indeed are) but as worms ? but from morning till noon 
and they are no more. Because they could not help themselves 

Ch. V. JOB. 

21 they were destroyed. For he blowed on them and they wither- 

V. ed : they perished because they had not wisdom. Appeal 

now, will any one answer. Or shalt thou see any of the holy 

2 angels ? Passion indeed transporteth the foolish, and envy 

3 killeth the wanderer. Now I have seen the foolish taking root, 

4 but their sustenance was quickly consumed. Let their child- 
dren be but far from safety, and insulted at the gates of minors, 

5 there will then be none to deliver them. For what they have 
collected the righteous shall eat. Nor will they themselves be 

6 exempt from wrongs, should their power be exhausted. For 
trouble cannot come forth out of the earth ; nor will affliction 
spring up from mountains. 

7 (a) But man is born for trouble, as the young of the vul- 

8 ture soar aloft, (b) No, indeed ; but notwithstanding this, let me 
supplicate the Lord. And call upon the Lord, the master of all, 

9 who doth great and unsearchable things — things glorious and 

10 wonderful, not to be numbered. Who giveth rain on the earth 

11 and sendeth water on all under heaven. Who setteth on high 
them who are low, and raiseth up them who have been ruined. 

12 Who changeth the counsels of the crafty, so that their hands 

13 can perform no enterprise. Who entangleth the wise in their 

14 wisdom, and defeateth the counsel of the artful. In the day 
time, darkness shall meet them, that they may grope at noon 

15 day as at night, and that they may perish in battle, and the 

16 weak escape from the hand of the mighty. And that the fee- 
ble may have hope, and the mouth of the wicked be stopped. 

17 But happy the man whom the Lord correcteth. Therefore 
despise not thou the correction of the Almighty. For he causeth 

18 pain and again removeth it : and him whom he smote, his 

19 hands have healed. From six distresses he will deliver thee, 

20 and in the seventh evil shall not touch thee. In famine he will 
deliver thee from death, and in battle save thee from the edge 

21 of the sword. He will hide thee from the scourge of the 
tongue : and thou need'st not be afraid of impending ills. At 

22 the wicked and unrighteous thou shalt laugh ; and of savage 

23 beasts need'st not be afraid ; for the beasts of the field shall be 

24 at peace with thee. Thou shalt know that thy family is at peace, 

(a) An objection. (b) The answer. 

Ch. VI. JOB. 

25 and that the provision for thy household shall not fail. Thou 
shalt know also that thy seed shall be great : thy children shall 

26 be like the grass of the field. And thou shalt come to the grave 
like ripe grain cut in due season ; or like a heap from a thresh- 
ing floor, carried home in time. 

27 Behold these are the things which, by investigation, we 
have found to be so. These are things which we have heard : 
apply them to thyself, if thou hast done any thing. 

VI. To this, Job in reply said, that some person would 

2 weigh my passion : and poise in a balance against it, my cala- 

3 mities. But these would outweigh the sand of the sea, though 

4 you seem to think my words too vehement : for the arrows of 
the Lord are in my body, the fury of which drinketh up my 
blood : when I attempt to speak they pierce me. 

5 What ! will a wild ass bray without cause ? Will it do so, 
except when in search of food ? Or will an ox low having fod- 

6 der in his stall ? Can bread be eaten without salt, or is there any 

7 relish in vain words ? For my temper cannot be calm, while 

8 my meat is horrible as the smell of a lion. that he would 
grant ! — that my request might be complied with ! — that the 

9 Lord would grant me what I long for ! Let the Lord, having 

10 begun, wound me, but not utterly destroy me. Let but the 
grave be my city, having got on its walls I will not be slack to 
enter, for I have not disputed the holy commands of my God. 

11 For what is my strength that I should bear up ! what my time 

12 that my life is prolonged ? Is my strength the strength of 

13 stones, or is this flesh of mine made of brass ? Or have I not 

14 confided in him ? But help is far from me. — Mercy hath bid- 
den me adieu. When the superintending care of the Lord over- 

15 looked me, my nearest friends did not regard me : like a failing 

16 brook, or like a wave of the sea, they passed me by. They who 
had assiduously paid me court, now made me a slight visit, like 

17 snow or hoar frost, which melting at the approach of heat, the 

18 place where it was is not known. Thus was I forsaken by all, 
and being undone, I became an outcast. 

19 Take a view of the ways of the Thaimanites, ye who mark 
out the Sabean tracks ! and they who trust in cities and wealth 

20 must blush. But now when you have come to me, it is without 
22 compassion — just to see my wound and be terrified. But 

Oh. VII. JOB. 

why? Have I asked anything of you, or do I crave any help 

23 from you?— to save me from mine enemies— or deliver me 
out of the hand of the mighty ? 

24 Teach me and I will hold my tongue. If I have erred, tell 

25 me plainly. But my words, it seems, are devoid of truth, be- 
cause I do not beg assistance from you. 

26 Your reproof can neither stop my speaking, nor can I bear 

27 the tone of your oration : because, you not only fall upon the 

28 orphan, but also insult your friend. But now having looked 

29 you in the face I will not lie. Sit down I pray you, and let 
there be no more reproaches. Indeed you again meet a righte- 

30 ous man. For there are no reproaches on my tongue, and as for 
my palate, doth it not relish wisdom ? 

VII. Is not the life of man on the earth a state of trial, and his 

2 days like the days of a hireling ? Is he not like a servant, who 
in a shade is afraid of his lord ? Or like a hireling waiting for 

3 his hire ? Just so have I waited months in vain, and wearisome 

4 nights have been doled out to me. When I lay me down to rest, 
I say, When will it be day ? And soon as I rise ; I again say, 
When will it be evening ? I am full of pains from evening till 

5 morning ; and my body swarms with the putrefaction of worms : 
and I moisten the clods of earth with the ichor of ulcers. 

6 Though my life is swifter than a word ; yet it is destroyed with 

7 vain hope. Eemember therefore that my life is but a breath ; 

8 and that mine eyes shall never return again to see good. The 
eye of him who seeth me now shall not see me again. Thine 

9 eyes are upon me and I am gone. I am like a cloud swept clean 
away from the sky. For when a man goeth down to the man- 

10 sion of the dead ; he can never reascend again — he can never 
return again to his own house ; nor shall his place know him 

11 any more. For this cause then I will not refrain my mouth : 
I will speak though I am in anguish : though distressed, I will 

12 unfold the bitterness of my soul. Am I a sea or a dragon, that 

13 thou hast set a guard over me ? Did I say my bed will comfort 

14 me — I will converse with myself privately on my bed ? Thou 

15 terrifiest me with dreams and affrightest me with visions. Wilt 
thou drive away my life from my spirit ; and yet keep my 

16 bones from death ? For I am not to live forever, that I should 

17 bear patiently. Withdraw from me ; for my life is vanity. For 


what is man, that thou hast magnified him ; or that thou payest 

18 attention to him ? Wilt thou keep a watch upon him till the 

19 morning. And judge him to the time of going to rest ? How 
long wilt thou not let me alone : nor let me go, that I may 

20 swallow my spittle ? If I have sinned what can I do ? thou 
who knowest the hearts of men ; why hast thou set me up as 

21 thy mark to shoot at ? Am I indeed a burden to thee ? Why 
hast thou not made an oblivion of my transgression ; or a puri- 

22 fication for my sin ? Now therefore let me depart into the 
earth : and when thou risest in the morning, I am no more. 

VIII. Here Baldad the Sauchean interposing said, How long 

2 wilt thou speak such things ? The breath of thy mouth is pro- 

3 fuse of words. Will the Lord in judging pass an unrighteous 

4 judgment ? Or will he who made all things pervert justice ? If 
thy children have sinned in his sight, he hath dismissed them 

5 for their transgression : But rise thou betimes and supplicate 

6 the Lord Almighty. If thou art pure and upright, he will hear 
thy prayer ; and render to thee the reward of righteousness. 

7 Let thy beginning therefore be ever so small, thy end will be 

8 unspeakably great. For inquire of the former generation ; and 

9 search diligently among the race of fathers ; (for we are but of 
yesterday and know nothing — for our life on the earth is but 

10 a shadow) will not they teach thee, and declare ; and from the 

11 heart utter these maxims — " Can the papyrus grow without wa- 

12 ter? Or can grass grow rank without drink? While grass is 
low it should not be mown. Before drinking doth not every 

13 herb wither ? " Such therefore shall be the end of all who forget 

14 the Lord : for the hope of the ungodly shall perish. For his 
house shall be uninhabited : and his tent shall flie away like a 

15 spider's web. Though he prop up his house, it cannot stand: 

16 Though he take hold of it, it will not abide, for is he somewhat 
green underneath the sun ? Though a tender branch may start 

17 up from his rottenness; his bed is on a heap of stones: and 

18 can he live among flint stones ? Should he wish to drink, the 
place will disappoint him. 

19 Hast thou not seen such things— that such is the catastro- 
phe of the wicked ? But out of the ground he will cause ano- 

20 ther to spring up : for the Lord will not cast off the innocent, 

21 nor from the ungodly accept a gift : but he will fill the mouth 


Ch. IX. JOB. 

of the upright with, laughter, aud their lips with songs of thanks- 
22 giving : and their enemies shall be clothed with shame ; and 

the dwellings of the wicked shall come to naught. 
IX. To this Job replied, Of a truth I know that it is so. For 

3 how can a mortal be righteous with the Lord ? For were it his 
pleasure to come to trial with him ; he could not join issue to an- 

4 swer one charge of his in a thousand. For he is wise in heart 
and strong and great. Who is hardy enough to stand up against 

5 him who maketh mountains old insensibly — who overturneth 

6 them in his anger — who shaketh the earth to its foundations, 

7 so that the pillars thereof totter — who commandeth the sun and 

8 it riseth not; and who sealeth up against the stars — who alone 
hath outspread the heaven ; and who walketh on the sea as on 

9 a pavement— who is the maker of the Pleiads and Hesperus, 

10 and of Arcturus and the chambers of Notus — who doth things 
great and unsearchable ; things glorious and wonderful not to 

11 be numbered ? When he passed over me I did not see him. 

12 When he passed by me, I did not know how. If he dismiss 
who shall bring back ? Or who shall say to him, What hast 

13 thou done ? For he himself slighted anger — by him the mon- 

14 sters under heaven were bowed down. But if he will come to 

15 a trial with me, or will take cognisance of my affairs ; (for if I 
be righteous will he not hearken to me — shall I not supplicate 

16 his decision ? And if I call and he will not answer, I do not 

17 believe that he hath hearkened to my voice ? ) Let him not break 
me with a tempest. 

18 But he hath multiplied my wounds without cause. For he 
suffereth me not to take breath, and hath filled me with bitter- 

19 ness. For because he is strong, he prevaileth. Who then can 

20 withstand his decrees ? For if I am righteous shall my mouth 
be wicked ? And if I am blameless, shall I go away crouching ? 

21 For if I have acted wickedly, I am not conscious to myself: 
Nevertheless my life is taken away. 

22 Say then, wrath destroyeth the great and powerful : that the 

23 wicked fall by an untimely death. But the righteous are laugh- 

24 ed to scorn : for they have been delivered into the hands of the 
wicked. He covereth the faces of the judges of that wrath. If 
it is not he, who is it ? 

25 Now my days are swifter than a courier. They are gone 

Ch. X. JOB. 

26 without being perceived. Is there any track left by ships in 

27 their passage ? Or of an eagle flying in pursuit of its prey ? Now 
if I say, Let me forget speaking, let me bow down my face and 

28 groan : I shudder in all my limbs ; for I know that thou wilt 

29 not let me alone though innocent. Now since I am wicked, 

30 why have I not died ? For though I have washed myself with 

31 snow, and purified myself with clean hands : thou hast so tho- 

32 roughly plunged me in filth that my very robes abhor me. For 
thou art not a man as I am, with whom I can contend ; that we 

33 may come together to a trial. that there were a mediator 

34 betwixt us — one to determine between and hear us both. Let 
him remove his rod from me ; and let not the dread of him ter- 

35 rify me — Let me not be terrified, but speak, (for in that case 
X. I am not master of myself) weary of my life I would pour 

forth with groans my words before him : oppressed as I am I 

2 would speak in the bitterness of my soul, and say to the Lord, 
Teach me not to be impious. Now, for what cause hast thou 

3 thus condemned me ? Is it agreeable to thee that I should com- 
mit iniquity ; seeing thou hast rejected the works of thy hands ; 

4 and favoured the counsel of the wicked ? As a mortal looketh 
dost thou look down ? Or as a man looketh wilt thou behold ? 

5 Are thy days as the days of a mortal ; or thy years, the years 

6 of a man ; that thou hast sought out mine iniquity, and diligently 

7 traced my sins ? For thou knowest that I am not impious : but 

8 who can deliver out of thy hands ? Thy hands have fashioned 
me and made me. After that thou hast changed thy mind and 

9 smitten me. Kemember that thou hast made me of clay, and 

10 art turning me again into mould. Hast thou not churned me 

11 as milk, and curdled me as cheese ; and clothed me with skin 

12 and flesh ; and fenced me with bones and sinews, and granted 
me life and favour, and by thy visitation preserved my spirit ? 

13 As thou hast these things in thyself; I know that thou canst 
do all things, and that with thee nothing is impossible. 

14 If I indeed have sinned inadvertently, thou hast me in 

15 custody, and hast not acquitted me of transgression. If I in- 
deed am impious, wo is me. And if I be righteous, I cannot 

16 hold up my head, for I am full of ignominy. For I am hunted 
as a lion for slaughter. For turning again furiously thou de- 

17 stroyest me. Kenewing the examination against me, thou hast 

Ch. XL JOB. 

exercised against me great wrath ; and hast brought against 

18 me tortures. Why then didst thou bring me forth from the 
womb ? And why did I not die without an eye seeing me ; 

19 and become as if I never had existed ? Why was I not carried 

20 from the womb to the grave ? Is not the term of my life of 

21 short duration ? permit me to enjoy a little repose : before I 
go, whence I shall not return ; to a land dark and gloomy — to 

22 a land of everlasting darkness ; where there is no light — no 
seeing the life of mortals. 

XI. Here Sophar and Minaian answering said, He who speak - 
eth much should be answered : else the fine speaker thinketh 
himself just ; and the short lived offspring of woman is blessed. 

3 Be not profuse of words, because there is none to answer thee : 

4 nor say I am pure in works and irreprehensible before him. 

5 But how would the Lord speak to thee ; were he to open his 

6 lips against thee ? Indeed were he to unfold to thee the power 
of wisdom ; because it must needs be double to what are with 
thee : then thou wouldst know that what have come upon 
thee from the Lord are answerable to the sins which thou 
hast committed. 

7 Canst thou trace the footsteps of the Lord ? Or hast thou 

8 reached the extent of what the Almighty hath done ? The 
heaven is high, what then canst thou do ? And there are things 
deeper than the mansion of the dead; what dost thou know? 

9 Of greater extent than the measure of the earth or the breadth 

10 of the sea. Now were he to overturn all these, who could say 

11 to him what hast thou done ? For he knoweth the works of 
the wicked, and on seeing wickedness will not overlook it. 

12 But man vainly floateth about in words — but a mortal born 

13 of woman is like a wild ass. For if thou hast made thy heart 

14 pure, and lift thy hands to him : if there be any iniquity in thy 
hand, put it far from thee ; and let not injustice lodge in thy 

15 dwelling. For thus will thy countenance brighten like pure 
water : thou wilt disrobe thyself of filth, and no more be ter- 

16 rifled : thou shalt forget thy trouble like a wave that is past 
and not be afraid ; and thy wish will spring up like the morn- 

17 ing star ; and life will arise for thee from noon day : and thou 

18 shalt be in a state of security because thou hast hope. And 

19 out of sorrow and care, peace will shine upon thee. For thou 

Ch. XII. JOB. 

shalt rest at ease, and none shall be at war with thee : and 
20 many, changing their conduct, will intreat thy favour. But safe- 
ty shall forsake them : for their hope shall be their destruction ; 
and the eyes of the wicked shall melt away. 
XII. To this Job replied, You, forsooth, are men, and wis- 

3 dom will die with you. But I indeed have understanding as 

4 well as you. For a just man and one irreprehensible hath been 

5 made a mocking stock. For it hath been ordered that for a 
time he shall fall beneath others : and that his houses shall be 
wasted by transgressors. Nevertheless let no wicked man in- 

6 dulge a confidence that he shall escape condemnation. Who- 
ever provoke the Lord to anger shall not they also undergo a 
trial ? 

7 But ask, I pray thee, the beasts of the field, if they could 
speak to thee— and the birds of the air, if they could tell thee — 

8 speak to the earth, if it could converse with thee — even the 

9 fishes of the sea can tell thee. Who then among all these doth 
not know that the hand of the Lord hath done these things ? 

10 Is not the life of all living beings in his hand— and the breath 
of every man ? 

11 The ear indeed discerneth words and the palate tasteth 

12 meats. By length of time wisdom is acquired, and by long life, 

13 experience. With him is wisdom and power— with him coun- 

14 sel and understanding. If he demolish who can rebuild? If he 

15 shut against men, who can open? If he withhold water he 
drieth the earth. And when he let it loose, he overthrew and 

16 destroyed it, With him is strength and power — with him 

17 knowledge and understanding. He hath led counsellors away 

18 captive. And confounded the judges of the earth. It is he who 
settleth kings on thrones and girded their loins with a girdle — 

19 who sendeth priests into captivity and overthrew the sove- 

20 reigns of the earth — who changeth the lips of liege men and 

21 knoweth the wisdom of elders — who poureth contempt on 

22 princes and hath healed them who were low — who revealeth 
deep things from darkness ; and hath brought to light the shades 

23 of death — who leadeth nations into error and destroyeth them — 

24 who prostrateth nations and conducteth them — who changeth 
the hearts of the rulers of a land and hath caused them to wan- 

25 der in a way which they knew not : That they might grope in 


darkness without light ; and that they might stagger like a 
drunken man. 
XIII. Behold these things mine eye hath seen and mine ear 

2 heard : for I know all that you know and am not inferior to 

3 you in knowledge. Nevertheless I would speak to the Lord; 

4 and argue before him, were it his pleasure. Now you are all 

5 bad physicians and curers of maladies. Could you hold your 
peace, it would be your wisdom. 

6 Hear now the argument of my mouth and the pleading of 

7 my lips. Are you not speaking in the presence of the Lord ? And 

8 do you in his presence utter deceit in a solemn manner ? Or 

9 will you keep back any thing ? Judge for yourselves. For will 
it be well for you, if he mark your steps ? For though feigning 

10 all these things you apply them for him : he will, notwithstand- 
ing this, reprove you. And if you secretly respect persons ; will 

11 not his awful majesty confound you ; and the terror of him fall 

12 upon you ? And your boasting be dissipated like ashes ; and 
your bodies be reduced to clay. 

13 Keep silence that I may speak, and have some respite 

14 from wrath. Taking my flesh in my teeth I will put my life in 

15 my hand. Though the Almighty, as he hath begun, may sub- 

16 due me : yet I will speak and plead before him. And this will 
contribute to my deliverance : for no deceit shall come before 

17 Hear, hear my words : for I will proclaim them in your 

18 hearing. Behold I am near my trial. I know that I shall ap- 

19 pear just. For who is there who will emplead me ? For now I 
will be silent and expire. 

20 Now two things thou art to grant me : then I will not hide 

21 myself from thy presence — withdraw thy hand from me : and 

22 let not the dread of thee overwhelm me with terror. Then call 
and I will answer thee : or speak and I will make thee a reply. 

23 How many are my sins and mine iniquities ? Teach me what 

24 they are. Why dost thou hide thyself from me and hast ac- 

25 counted me thine adversary ? Canst thou be afraid of one who 
is like a leaf moved with a breath of wind ? Or as against dried 
grass carried away with a blast, dost thou set thyself against 

26 me ? For thou hast written evil things against me ; and laid to 

27 my charge the inadvertencies of youth ; and put my feet in a 

Ch. XIV. JOB. 

clog and watched all my doings ; and hast tracked the soles of 
my feet. 
XIV. He who is born of a woman waxeth old like a leathern 

1 bag : or like a garment which is moth eaten ; for he is mor- 

2 tal, short lived and full of disquiet : or like a flower which fell 
when in bloom. He glideth away indeed like a shadow and 

3 can make no stay. And is it not such a one thou hast called 
to account ; and caused such a one to come to trial before 

4 thee ? For who can be free from stain ? Surely none. Whe- 

5 ther the course of his life on earth be one day ; or months be 
numbered out for him, he cometh to the term thou hast set, 

6 but cannot pass it. Turn away from him, that he may take 

7 rest, and comfort his life like a hireling. For there is hope for 
a tree ; for if lopped, it may sprout again, and the tender branch 

8 may not fail. And if its root become old in the earth, or die 

9 on a rock : its stem by the scent of water may blossom ; and 

10 produce a crop like a tree lately planted. But when a man dieth 

11 he is gone : when a mortal falleth, he is no more. For in a 
course of time a sea is spent ; and a river when unsupplied is 

12 dried up : and man w T hen composed in the grave cannot rise 
again — until the heaven be folded up ; they shall not be awak- 
ened from their sleep. 

13 ! that thou hadst kept me in the mansion of the dead ; 
and hid me till thine indignation should cease : and that thou 
wouldst set me a time when thou wouldst remember me ; 

14 (for though a man die he may be revived, after finishing the 
days of this life of his,) I would wait patiently, until I come 

15 again into existence. Then call and I will answer. But reject 

16 not the works of thy hands. Now thou hast numbered up my de- 

17 vices, and not one of my inadvertencies could escape thee. Thou 
hast sealed up mine iniquities in a bag ; and set a mark on every 

18 transgression, which I inadvertently committed. But not to 
mention that a falling mountain will continue its fall ; even a 

19 rock may by force be removed from its place. Waters have 
worn stones smooth; and waters have washed away mounds 

20 of earth ; and thou hast destroyed the patience of man. Thou 
hast brought him to an end, and he is gone : thou hast set thy 

21 face against him and dismissed him. And though his children 
be multiplied, he knoweth it not : and if they become few in 

Ch. XV. JOB. 

22 number, he doth not perceive it. His flesh hath been for no- 
thing but to suffer pain ; and his soul only to suffer grief. 
XV. Here Eliphaz the Thaimanite taking up the argument 

2 said, Will a wise man give the wind of knowledge for an an- 
swer; though he hath therewith filled his labouring belly? 

3 Or in pleading use arguments which he ought not; and words 

4 in which there is no profit ? Hast thou not cast off fear, and 

5 used such arguments before the Lord? By the arguments of 
thine own mouth thou art guilty ; and hast not discerned the 

6 arguments of the mighty. Let thine own mouth and not me 
convict thee : thine own lips indeed will testify against thee. 

7 What ! wast thou born before men ? Or wast thou brought 

8 into being before the hills ? Or hast thou heard the establish- 
ed system of the Lord ? Or hath God used thee as his coun- 

9 sellor ? Or hath wisdom made application to thee ? For what 
knowest thou, which we do not know? Or what dost thou 

10 understand which we do not? Among us indeed are elders 

11 and a°'ed men, more venerable for years than thy father. Thou 
hast been chastised less than thy sins deserve. Thou hast spo- 

12 ken with excessive haughtiness. To what a pitch of boldness 
is thy heart raised ; or at what have thine eyes taken aim ; that 

13 thou shouldst vent wrath before the Lord, and utter such 

14 words from thy mouth ? For who being mortal can be irre- 
prehensible? Or can the offspring of woman be righteous? 

15 If in his holy ones he placeth not confidence ; and the heaven 

16 is not pure in his sight ; how abominable and filthy must man 
be ; who drinketh iniquity in, like water ! 

17 But let me tell thee— hear what I have seen — let me tell 

18 thee what the wise say, and their fathers have not concealed — 

19 They, to whom alone the earth was given ; and no stranger 

20 came among them. " The whole life of the wicked is spent in 
anxiety. Though a certain number of years is given to the 

21 oppressor: yet the sound of terror is in his ears. When he 

22 seemeth to be at peace his destruction shall come. Let him 
not hope to return out of darkness ; for he is already doomed 

23 to the edge of the sword; and destined to be food for vul- 
tures. He knoweth within himself that he waiteth for a fall ; 

24 and a dark day will torture him. Distress and anguish will 
overwhelm him ; like a general at the head of troops falling 

Ch. XVI. JOB. 

25 upon him. Because he lifted up his hands against the Lord , 

26 and hardened his neck against the Lord Almighty : therefore 
he ran upon him contemptuously, with the thick boss of his 

27 buckler. Because he covered his face with fatness; and made 

28 collops of fat upon his thighs: let him therefore lodge in de- 
serted cities ; and go into uninhabited houses : and what they 

29 had got ready, let others carry off. Let him neither be enrich- 
ed, nor what he hath continue. Let him never cast a shadow 

30 on the ground, nor escape out of darkness. Let the wind blast 

31 his bud, and his blossom fall prematurely. Let him not hope to 

32 continue, for vanity shall be his portion. Let his branch lop- 
ped unseasonably, die; and let not his young shoot nourish. 

33 Let him be gathered like unripe grapes before his time, and 
3-1 fall like the olive blossom." For death is the testimonial of a 

wicked man : and a fire shall consume the tents of bribery. 
35 He shall conceive sorrows and bring forth vanity, and his belly 

shall produce an illusion. 
XVI. To this Job replied, I have heard many such things, 

3 ye miserable comforters all ! what ! have words of wind a re- 
gular succession? Or can they give thee offence, considering 

4 thine answer ? I indeed could speak as you do. But were your 
soul in my soul's stead, would I insult you with words and 

5 shake my head at you ? And should there be strength in my 

6 mouth ; would I not spare moving my lips ? For if I speak 
shall I not bemoan the wound ? And if I hold my peace, shall 

7 I be any the less wounded ? But now when he hath made me 

8 a poor rotten fool ; thou indeed hast fallen upon me. My lie 
is become a witness, and hath risen up against me — it hath 

9 answered me to my face. When in his wrath he threw me 
down and gnashed his teeth at me ; the darts of his executi- 

10 oners fell upon me. When with the darts of his eyes he had 
transfixed me — with his spear had brought me on my knees : 

11 they with one consent rushed upon me. The Lord hath indeed 
delivered me up to the unrighteous ; and turned me over to 

12 the ungodly. When I was at peace he broke me up — taking 
me by the hair he shook me — he set me up as a mark. They 

13 surrounded me with javelins, darting them into my reins — 

14 without mercy they poured my gall on the ground. They 
shot me, one deadly wound on another — they ran against me 



15 with all their might. They sewed sackcloth on my skin : and 

16 my strength was extinguished in the dust. My belly was 
burned up with wailing ; and on mine eyelids were the shades 

17 of death : yet there was no iniquity in my hands. And my 
prayer was pure. 

18 earth, cover not the blood of my flesh, nor let there be 

19 a place for this cry of mine. Even now, behold my witness is 
in heaven ; and he who hath a perfect knowledge of me is on 

20 high. that my suit could come before the Lord, and that 

21 before him mine eye could drop a tear ! That a man could plead 

22 before the Lord, as a son of man may with his neighbour ! But 
my numbered days are come, and I must go the way, by which 

XVII. I cannot return. I am dying with a tortured spirit, and 

2 wishing for a burial, but do not obtain it. I am supplicating 
in distress, yet what have I done ? Strangers have stolen my 

3 substance — who is the man ? Let him be brought to trial with 

4 me. Because thou hast hid their heart from understanding, thou 

5 shouldst not for this cause exalt them. Shall he reckon mis- 
fortunes for his portion — and were his eyes melted for his chil- 

6 dren? But thou hast made me a by-word among nations, and 

7 I am become a subject of laughter for them. For mine eyes are 

8 dim with sorrow, and I am closely besieged by all. At this the 
upright are astonished. "Now the righteous should prevail 

9 over the wicked: and he who is faithful should hold on his 

10 way : and he who hath clean hands should take courage." On 
these maxims you all rely. But come now ; for I do not find 

11 truth among you : my days have passed in groans, and my very 

12 heart strings are broken. I have put night for day. Is light 

13 near on account of darkness? For though I have waited pati- 
ently, the mansion of the dead is to be my house, and my bed 

14 is made in darkness. I have called on death to be my father — 

15 and on corruption to be my sister and mother. Where then 
have I any ground of hope ? Or shall I see those good things 

16 of mine? Shall they go down with me to the mansion of the 
dead ? Or shall we go together beneath the mound ? 

XVIII. Here Baldad the Sauchean interrupting him said, How 
long will it be e're thou wilt stop ? Forbear that we may speak. 

3 Why should we like beasts be silent before thee ? Passion hath 

4 taken possession of thee. What ! If thou die, shall the earth be 

Ch. XIX. JOB. 

uninhabited? Or the mountains overturned from their foun- 
dations ? 

5 The light of the wicked shall indeed be extinguished ; and 

6 from them a spark shall not ascend. The light in his dwelling 
shall be darkness, and the lamp for him shall be extinguished. 

7 " Let the weakest plunder his substance, and his own counsel 

8 subvert him. His foot is caught in a trap ; in a net let him be 

9 entangled, and let snares come upon him." He will strengthen 

10 the thirsty against him. " A gin is hid for him in the ground, 

11 and the trap for him by the way side. May surrounding sor- 
rows destroy him, and many come round his foot in sore fa- 

12 For him indeed a direful destruction is prepared. " May 
the toes of his feet be eaten up, and death devour his comeliness. 

14 May health be expelled from his dwelling, and distress lay hold 

15 on him with the authority of a king." It will make its abode in 
his tent ; in his night all his finery will be strewed with sulphur. 

16 Underneath his roots will be dried up ; and above, his product 

17 will fall. " May the memorial of him be destroyed from the 

18 earth. When his name shall be published abroad, may they 

19 drive him from light to darkness." He will not be acknow- 
ledged among his people, nor will his household be safe under 

20 the cope of heaven. But in his possessions others shall live se- 
cure. They who came after groaned for him, but horror seized 

21 them who were before. Such are the houses of the unrighteous, 
and such the place of them who know not the Lord. 

XIX. To this Job replied, How long will you make my soul 

3 sorrowful ? You are indeed destroying me with words. Know 
at least— because the Lord hath dealt thus with me ; you speak 

4 against me — without shame you fall upon me. Take it for 
granted that I have erred (though my error remaineth with my- 
self) in speaking words which I ought not : and that my words 

5 are erroneous and unseasonable : but granted also, That you mag- 

6 nify yourselves against me, and insult me with reproach. Know 
then, That it is the Lord who hath terrified me, and raised his 

7 bulwark against me. Behold I laugh at reproach— I will not 

8 speak— I will cry aloud, There is no judgment. I am fenced 
about and cannot get out. Before me he hath placed darkness. 

9 He hath stripped me of my glory, and hath taken the crown 

Ch. XX. JOB. 

10 from my head. He broke me on every side and I fled : and he 

11 hath cut down my hope like a tree. When he exercised great 

12 wrath against me, and counted me as an enemy : With one 
consent his troops fell upon me — they who were in ambush 

13 beset my ways. My brethren stood aloof from me, they acknow- 
ledged strangers rather than me ; and my friends were not com- 

14 passionate. My nearest relations paid me no attention : and 

15 they who knew my name forgot me. As for my domesticks 

16 and maid servants, in their view I was a stranger. When I 

17 called my servant, he did not answer me. When with my mouth 
I entreated and supplicated my wife, and called affectionately 

18 the children of my concubines : they renounced me forever. 

19 When I insist, they speak against me. They who saw me, ab- 

20 horred me ; and they whom I loved rose up against me. The 
flesh next my skin became rotten, and my bones begin to be 

21 corroded. Pity me, pity me, my friends, for the hand of the 

22 Lord hath touched me. Why do you persecute me as the Lord 
cloth, and are not satisfied with my flesh ? 

23 O that my words were written and recorded in a book for- 

24 ever ! That they were engraven with a graver of iron on lead, 

25 or on rocks ! For I know that he is eternal, who is about to dis- 

26 solve me on earth, to raise again this skin of mine which draw- 
eth up these things. For from the Lord those things have been 

27 done to me, of which I alone am conscious — which mine eyes 
have seen, and no other; and which have all been done to me 

28 in my bosom. Now if you will say, What shall we say against 
him ? And what ground of accusation shall we find in him ? 

29 Stand in awe, I beseech you, of the developing scene ; for wrath 
will come upon the unrighteous, and it shall then be known, 
where their filthiness is. 

XX. Then answered Sophar the Minaian and said, 

2 I did not suppose that thou wouldst return such an answer, 

3 but do not you feel it more than I ? Am I to hear my modesty 
corrected? And is a spirit from its consciousness to answer 

4 me? Thou hast never known such things heretofore, from the 

5 time man was placed on the earth ! " But the mirth of the wicked 
is sudden ruin, and the joy of transgressors, destruction, though 
his gifts mount up to heaven, and his sacrifice reach the clouds . 

7 For when he thinketh that he is now firmly established, then 

Cb. XXI. JOB. 

shall he be utterly destroyed ; and they who have seen him will 

8 say, Where is he ? Like a dream which is gone, he cannot be 

9 found. He is vanished, like a spectre in the night. The eye 
which saw him, shall see him no more; and his place shall no 

10 more him observe. Let minors destroy his children, and his 

11 own hands light up the signals of distress. His bones were 
full of his youth, but with him it shall go to rest beneath the 

12 mound. If wickedness be sweet in his mouth, he will hide it 
under his tongue. He will not be sparing of it, nor forsake it, 
but will gather it together in his mouth ; therefore let him not 
be able to help himself. The poison of an asp is in his belly. 

15 Eiches collected unrighteously shall be vomited up. Out of his 

16 house let an angel drag him. May he suck the venom of dra- 

17 gons! and may the tongue of the viper slay him! may he 
never see the milking of his kine, nor the distribution of his 

18 honey and butter ! He hath wearied himself for emptiness and 
vanity — for riches, of which he shall not have a taste, which 

19 are like a bur, neither to be chewed nor drunk. Because he 
broke up the families of princes ; and plundered dwellings and 

20 suffered them not to stand. There is no security for his posses- 

21 sions ; nor shall he be saved by what he valueth highly. Not 
a scrap of his provisions is left. His good things shall not, on 

22 this account, be renewed. In the fullness of his sufficiency he 
shall be afflicted, and all manner of distress shall come upon him. 

23 If by any means he be permitted to fill his belly ; may he send 
against him fiery indignation, and pour upon him sorrows ! 

24 Let him not escape from the edge of the sword ! May the bra- 
sen bow wound him, and the dart pass through his body, and 

26 stars light on his dwellings ! May terrors stalk around him 
and total darkness await him ! An unkindled fire devoureth 

27 him. May his guest also afflict his family ! may the heaven 

28 disclose his iniquities, and the earth rise up against him ! May 
destruction bring his house to an end ! Upon him may there 

29 come a day of wrath ! " This is the portion of a wicked man 
from the Lord, and this his possession, from the superintend- 
ing Being. 

XXI. To this Job replied, hear, hear my words. Can I not have 

3 this consolation from you ? Bear with me, and when I speak do 

4 not deride me. What ! is my pleading with man ? Or, why shall 

Ch. XXI. JOB. 

5 I not be inflamed with indignation ? Look on me and be amaz- 

6 ed, having laid your hand on your cheek. For at the bare recol- 

7 lection I shudder: and tortures rack my flesh. Why do the 

8 wicked live and grow old, abounding in wealth ? Their crops 

9 are to their wish, and their children before their eyes. Their 
houses flourish and they have no dread ; and a scourge from 

10 the Lord is not upon them. Their kine bring not forth un- 
timely births, but go their time safely, and cast not their 

11 calves. They abide continually like a flock, and their little ones 

12 frolick about them. They take up the psaltery and kithara, 

13 and are charmed with the sound of the song; and having spent 
their life in festivity, they are composed to rest in the peaceful 

14 grave. Yet he saith to the Lord, " Depart from me, I desire not 

15 to know thy ways. What is the Almighty, that we should 
serve him : and what the advantage, that we should wait on 

16 him ? " For their prosperity was by their own hands. 

1 7 Now doth not he observe the works of the wicked ? and 
should not the lamp, at least of wicked men, be extinguished, 
and destruction come upon them? And pangs seize them, on 

18 account of anger: and they be like chaff driven by the wind, 

19 or like dust swept away by a whirlwind ? His substance 
should fail from among his children. He should retribute to 

'20 him. And he should know it. His eyes should see his own de- 

21 struction : and he should not escape from the Lord. Because 
his desire is in his family with him ; therefore the number of 
their months should be cut short. 

22 Is it not the Lord who teacheth wisdom and understanding, 

23 and doth he discriminate murderers ? One is to die in his full 

24 strength, all his life being successful and prosperous; his en- 
trails are cloathed with fat, and his bones abound with marrow. 

25 Another dieth with bitterness of soul, having never tasted any 

26 thing good. But they are both composed alike under ground, 
and putrefaction hath covered them. 

27 I know you charge me with presumption, that you will say, 
Where is the house of the chief, and where is the covering of 
the tents of the wicked ? 

29 Ask them who travel the high ways, or their monuments, 

30 you cannot miss them. Because the wicked is reserved for a 
day of destruction : let them be carried to prison for the day 


31 of his indignation. Who shall tell him his way to his face, and 

32 who shall retribute to him what he hath done ? Even when he 
should be carried to the burying place, he had caused a watch 

33 to be kept over his tomb. The flints of the torrent have been 
sweetened for him, and every man shall go after him, as innu- 

34 merable have gone before him. How then do ye comfort me 
with vanity ? There is nothing from you to give me consola- 

XXII. Upon this, Eliphaz the Thaimanite answered, and said, 

2 Is it not the Lord who teacheth wisdom and understanding? 

3 What! Is it any advantage to the Lord, if thou, in works, art 
irreprehensible ? or any profit, that thou shouldst keep a straight 

4 course? Or will he, instituting a suit against thee, argue and 

5 come to a trial with thee ? Is not thy wickedness great, and thy 

6 sins innumerable ? Thou hast taken pledges of thy brethren for 

7 nought, and hast stripped the naked of their cloathing. Thou 
hast not given drink to the thirsty : but hast robbed the hungry 

8 of their morsel. Thou hast respected the persons of some and 
settled them in the land; but hast sent widows away empty, 

10 and done injustice to orphans. Therefore snares have beset 
thee, and an unexpected war hath made thee shudder. The 
light hath become darkness to thee, and water hath overwhelm- 

12 ed thee when asleep. " Doth not he who dwelleth on high, 

13 observe ; but hath he humbled the haughty ? " Yes, thou hast 
said, How can the Almighty know ? Can he judge in dark- 

14 A cloud is his covering, so that be cannot be seen, though 

15 he traverse the circuit of heaven. Thou wilt not keep the an- 
cient way, which righteous men trod, who were borne aloft, 

17 and whose foundations were the surgy stream. As for them 
who said, What can the Lord do to us, or what can the Al- 

18 mighty bring upon us? (He, who had indeed filled their 
houses with good things, though the counsel of the wicked is 

19 far from him.) When the righteous saw them, they smiled, 

20 and he who was blameless laughed them to scorn. Had not the 
whole of them disappeared, a fire would have consumed the 

21 Become hardened now, if thou remainest ; and shalt thou 
be rewarded with good things ? 


22 Beceive, I pray thee, from his mouth, the terms of deliver- 

23 ance, and lay up his words in thy heart. If thou wilt return and 
humble thyself before the Lord, having removed iniquity far 
from thy dwelling, thou shalt be placed on a mount, founded 

25 on a rock, and be like the rock of the torrent Sophir. Then 
will the Almighty be thy defence from enemies ; and he will 

26 make thee pure as silver tried by fire. Then indeed thou shalt 
have confidence before the Lord ; and mayst look up to heaven 

27 with cheerfulness. And when thou prayest to him, he will 
hearken to thee, and will enable thee to pay thy vows ; and he 
will assign thee an habitation of righteousness, and light shall 
shine upon thy ways. 

29 Because thou hast humbled thyself, thou wilt say, Such a 
one was insolent — but he will save him whose eyes are lowly. 

30 He indeed will save the innocent. Save thyself therefore, with 
clean hands. 

XXIII. In reply to this, Job said, I know very well, this trial 

2 is not in my disposal. And that his hand is made heavy by my 

3 groaning. But O that some person would let me know, that I 

4 might find him, and come to an issue ; that I might order the 
trial of myself, and that he would stop my mouth with argu- 

5 ments. That I might know what remedies he will prescribe for 

6 me, and understand what he will announce to me ! Though he 
may come against me with great majesty, he will not employ 

7 it in threatening me. For truth and argument proceed from 

8 him ; and he would bring my cause to an issue. For if I am 
to go first and am no more, how do I know what will be at the 

9 last ? When he wrought on my left, I comprehended not ; he 

10 may encompass my right and I not see. For he already know- 

11 eth my way and hath tried me like gold. And I will come out 

12 at his commands ; for I have kept his ways, and will not turn 
aside from his commands, nor transgress in my bosom : indeed 

13 I have hid his words. But if he hath judged thus, who can 

14 gainsay him? For he hath done what was his pleasure. For 
this cause my shuddering is at him ; and on being chastened, 

15 I thought of him. For this cause I am to be awed at his pre- 

16 sence— I am to meditate on and be in dread of him. It is the 
Lord indeed who hath softened my heart. It is the Almighty 

17 who hath made me shudder. For I had no knowledge of dark- 


ness coining upon me; and he had hid from my view thick 
darkness before me. 
XXIV. But why have set times escaped the notice of the 
Lord; and the wicked transgressed all bounds; and ravaged 

3 both the flock and the shepherd ? They have driven away the 
ass of the fatherless ; and taken the widow's cow for a pledge. 

4 They have turned the weak out of the right way ; and with one 
consent the meek of the land are hidden and are gone away 
like asses in a field. They are sprung up above me in their 
own order. 

6 To one, bread is sweetened for his children ; others have 
reaped before dawn a field not their own — exhausted of 
strength have worked the vineyards of the wicked without 
wages and without food. 

7 They have caused many to sleep naked without covering — 

8 they have stripped them of clothing necessary for life. These 
are wet with the dew of the mountains : and having no shelter 
they cling to a rock. 

9 They have torn the orphan from the breast : and him who 
had fallen they have pressed down. 

10 They have by injustice caused some to be naked ; and rob- 
bed the hungry of their morsel. 

11 They have entrapped some unjustly in straits, and the path 
of justice they did not know. 

12 Some are expelled from the city and their own houses : and 
the soul of babes heave heavy groans. 

13 Now why hath he not called these to account while on 
earth? Though they did not acknowledge — though they did 
not know the way of justice ; did they not still go on in their 

14 courses? And hath he who knew their works delivered them 
up to darkness ? And will he be as a thief in the night ? 

15 When the eye of the adulterer watched for darkness; say- 
ing, No eye shall discover me — when he having put a mask 

16 on his face digged through houses in the dark : (during the 
day they had shut themselves up — they had no acquaintance 

17 with light) because the morning is to all these as the shadow 
of death — because the terror of the shadow of death should 

18 acknowledge them ; is it swift on the face of the water ? 

The portion of these on the earth should be cursed and 
vol. II. s 


their plants exposed dry on the ground : for they plundered the 
sheaf of orphans. Now was such a one's sin brought to remem- 
brance ? 

Though he was dark as the darkness of night ; retribution 
should be made for what he hath done : and every wicked 
man should be broken ; like a tree which cannot be healed. 
21 Because lie did not treat the barren with tenderness, and 
had no compassion for a poor weak woman. But overthrew the 
helpless with wrath : therefore when lie riseth he should have 
no security for his own life : when sick, he should have no 
hopes of recovery : but should perish by his disorder. 

24 As his exaltation afflicted many : he should wither like 
mallows by heat : or like an ear of corn which fell of itself from 
the stalk. 

25 Now if this is not the case ; who can say I have spoken 
falsehoods : and set my words at naught ? 

XXV. Hereupon Baldad the Sauchean answered and said, 

2 What ! Is there any apology, or fear with him ; who made 

3 the universe and is supreme? For let none suppose, because 
robbers have a respite ; that snares shall not come from him on 

4 any. For how can a mortal be just before the Lord or any off- 

5 spring of woman make himself clean ? If he setteth the moon 
beside him, it shineth not : and the stars are not pure in his 

6 siffht. Grant then that man is rottenness and that the son of 
man is a worm. 

XXVI. To this Job replied, 

2 Whom dost thou assist, or whom art thou going to help ? 
Is it not him, who hath mighty power and whose arm is 

3 strong ? For whom hast thou been acting as counsellor ? Is it 
not for him who hath all wisdom? Whom art thou about to 

4 follow ? Is it not him, whose army is beyond compare ? For 
whom hast thou announced dictates? And whose breath is it 

5 which proceeded from thee ? Are giants going to rise up from 
beneath the water and the places in its neighbourhood? The 
mansion of the dead is naked before him: and destruction 
hath no covering. 

7 He it is, who stretcheth out Boreas over empty space — 

8 who suspendeth the earth upon nothing — who bindeth up 

9 water in his clouds ; and the cloud under it is not rent — who 


taketh possession of the front of his throne and over it spread- 

10 eth his cloud. His decree had drawn a circle on the face of 

11 the water ; at the confines of light and darkness. The pillars of 
heaven flutter and are struck with consternation at his rebuke. 

12 By his power he calmed the sea ; and by his knowledge the 

13 monster was overthrown. The bars of heaven were terrified 
at him ; and by a decree he doomed to death the apostate dra- 

14 Behold these are parts of his ways. But let us hear the least 
breath of reason for him. As for the strength of his thunder ; 
who knoweth when he shall employ it ? 

XXVII. Furthermore Job proceeded and by way of preface said, 
2 As God liveth, who hath thus condemned me ; even the 
Almighty who hath made my life bitter: while I have the power 
of breathing and the breath of God is in my nostrils ; my lips 
shall not speak wickedness, nor shall my soul contrive mischief. 
5 Far be it from me to acknowledge you to be right ; for till 
I die, I will not give up mine innocence. And for asserting my 
righteousness I make no apology ; for I am not conscious to 
myself of having done amiss. 

7 Should not mine enemies then be as the overthrow of the 
wicked? And they who rise up against me as the destruction 
of transgressors ? 

8 Now whatever hope a wicked man hath, that he persisteth ; 
shall he who hath trusted in the Lord be indeed safe ? Or will 
God hear his prayer? Or when trouble cometh upon him, 
hath he any assurance before him ? Or upon his calling, will 
he hearken to him ? 

11 But now let me tell you what is by the hand of the Lord. 

12 What are from the Almighty I will not falsify. Behold you all 
know that you heap vanity on vanities, saying, 

" This is the portion of a wicked man from the Lord : and 
the possession of oppressors, which shall come to them from 

14 the Almighty. If their children be many they shall be for 
slaughter ; and if they grow up to men, they shall be beggars. 

15 Those who are about him shall die by pestilence : and their 

16 widows none shall compassionate. Though he heap up silver 
as dust ; and store up gold as clay : the righteous shall take 

18 charge of all these ; and men of truth shall enjoy his wealth. His 


19 house is gone like moths or like a cobweb. He shall lie down 
rich but shall not continue so. He hath opened his eyes, and 

20 all is gone. Sorrows flowed in upon him like water. In a night 

21 a tempest swept him away. A burning wind shall take him up 

22 and go he must. It shall blow him away out of his place. He will 
dash upon him and will not spare. Should he by flight flee from 
his hand, he will cause them to clap their hands at him and 
will hiss him out of his place." 

XXVIII. There is indeed a place, from which silver is got; 

2 and a place from which gold is strained. Iron indeed is made 
out of the earth, and brass is hewn from a quarry like stones. 

3 He hath assigned a station for darkness : but every boun- 
dary he assigned is diligently explored — stones, darkness and 
the shadow of death ; the channels of brooks choked up with 
sand : where to such as know not the right way ; strength is 

5 unavailing and they are removed from among men. As for the 
earth out of which bread cometh ; from underneath it something 
like fire hath been turned up. The stones thereof is the place 
of the sapphire. And the dust thereof supplieth man with 

7 gold. A path is explored which no bird knew ; and which the 
vulture's eye hath not seen — which the race of boasters have 

9 not travelled ; and over which the lion hath not stalked. One 
hath stretched forth his hand with a pick and hath over- 
turned mountains from the roots. Another hath broken through 
the whirlpools of rivers : and mine eye hath seen every pre- 
cious thing. Another hath laid bare the bottoms of rivers and 

12 given manifest proofs of his power. But where is wisdom to 

13 be found ? And where is the place of understanding ? A mor- 
tal knoweth not the way thereof; nor hath it indeed been found 

14 out by men. The abyss said, It is not in me : and the sea said, 

15 It is not in me. Would not one give for it all he hath got? 
But silver cannot be weighed as its price; nor can it be pur- 
chased with the gold of Sophir — with the precious onyx or the 

17 sapphire. Gold and chrystal cannot equal it in value; nor can 
jewels of gold be a barter for it. Things above need not be 

18 mentioned : but prize thou wisdom above all things below. 

19 The topaz of Ethiopia cannot equal it in value : nor is it to be 

20 rated by pure gold. But where can wisdom be found? And 

21 where is the place of understanding ? It hath escaped the know- 


22 ledge of every man ; and is hid from the birds of the air. De- 

23 struction and death said, We have heard the fame of it. God 

24 is perfectly acquainted with its way and knoweth its place. For 
he surveyeth the whole world ; and knoweth all on the earth — 

25 all that he hath made — the weight of winds and the measures 
of water. 

26 When he had made and seen and numbered them ; and 

27 also a way for the pealing thunder : then did he see it and de- 
clare it : and having prepared and traced it, he said to man, 
" Behold the worshipping of God is wisdom : and to abstain 
from evil is understanding." 

XXIX. Job still further continued his speech, with this exor- 

2 dium, ! that I were reinstated as in times past ! As in the 

3 days of the months when God preserved me — when his lamp 
shined over my head — when by his light I walked through 

4 darkness — when I was making my ways conspicuous — when 

5 God watched over my family — when I was thick set with 

6 branches, and my servants were around me — when my ways 
abounded in butter, and my mountains flowed with milk — 

7 when I walked early through the city; and a seat was set for 
me in the streets ! 

8 The young when they saw me hid themselves ; and all the 

9 aged stood up. The nobles forbore talking and put their finger 

10 on their mouth. And while they who heard me were blessing 

11 me, their tongue cleaved to the roof of their mouth. When 
the ear heard me it blessed me ; and the eye when it saw me, 

12 turned aside : for I saved the poor from the hand of the migh- 

13 ty ; and assisted the orphan who had no helper. The blessing 
of him who was perishing came upon me: and the mouth of 

14 the widow blessed me. I put on righteousness and cloathed 

15 myself with justice as with a mantle. I was eyes to the blind 

16 and feet to the lame. I was a father to those in distress ; and 

17 the cause which I knew not I searched out. And I broke the 
jaws of the unrighteous; and plucked the prey from betwixt 
their teeth. 

18 Therefore I said, My youth shall advance to old age. Like 

19 the stock of a palm, I shall live long. My root is spread out 
by the water; and the dew will abide on my produce. This 
vain glory of mine shall attend me : my bow is directed by 

Ch. XXX. JOB. 

21 his hand. They who heard me paid close attention ; and at my 

22 counsel they were silent. To my decree they added nothing, 

23 But were overjoyed when I spoke to them. As the thirsty 

24 earth receiveth rain, so did they my speech. If I smiled on 
them they could scarce believe it. And the light of my coun- 

25 tenance was not lost. I chose their way and sat as chief, and 
dwelt as a king among warriors — as one who comforteth the 

XXX. But now the meanest have me in derision: now, those 
undertake to admonish me ; whose fathers I held in contempt : 

2 whom I did not think worthy the dogs of my flocks. What in- 
deed was the strength of their hands to me ? Destruction would 
have been lost upon them. By reason of want and famine it 
was useless. Already they were fleeing ineffectually from dis- 
tress and misery — they were crouding round the samphire on 
the sounding shore ; and feeding on sea weeds as their food ; 
despicable and contemned and in want of every thing good, 
they through extreme want were chewing even the roots of 

5 Against me thieves have risen up, whose habitations were 

7 the clefts of rocks. Amidst this tuneful choir, are to be heard 
the brawls of them who lived under hedges. A race of fools 
and despicable wretches, whose name and honour are extin- 
guished from the earth. 

9 But now I am become their song : and they have me for 
their by-word : and have abhorred me and stood at a distance : 
and have not spared to spit in my face. 

11 Because he opened his quiver and afflicted me : therefore 
they have cast off the restraint, which they were under at my 

12 presence. At the right of their brood they have taken their 
stand : they have stretched out their foot ; and vindicated 

13 against me their destructive ways. My ways are destroyed ; 
for I am stript of my robe. 

14 With his darts he hath pierced me — he hath used me 
at his pleasure. I am become loathsome by sorrows. My 
sorrows roll back upon me. My hope is gone like a breath, 

16 and like a cloud, my safety. And now my soul is melting 
within me. 


Days of sorrow take hold of rue ; and at night ray bones 
are melted and my sinews are quite dissolved. 

18 With great force he took hold of my garment ; and girded 
me about like the collar of my vest. Thou hast accounted me 

20 as dirt : and my portion is in dust and ashes. Though I have 
cried to thee, thou hearest me not : but they stood up and 
observed me ; and came upon me without mercy. 

22 Thou hast chastised me with a heavy hand; and placed 
me among sorrows ; and cast me away far from safety. For I 
know that death will destroy me : for earth is the house for 

24 every mortal. For ! how I wish that I might lay violent 
hands on myself ; or beseech another to do this for me. 

25 As for me I indeed wept for every one in trouble ; and 

26 sighed, when I saw a man in distress. But when I expected 

27 prosperity : behold days of affliction came upon me. My bow- 
els have boiled and could not rest : days of misery have 

28 prevented me. I have gone mourning without restraint ; and 

29 have stood in the congregation and cried. I have been made a 

30 brother to jackals, and a companion to ostriches. My skin is 

31 become very black ; and my bones are burning with heat. My 
kithara is turned into mourning, and my song to wailing for 

XXXI. I made a covenant with mine eyes, that I would not 
2 gaze on a virgin : yet what portion hath God dealt out from 
above ? And what, alas ! the lasting portion on high ? " De- 
struction is for the wicked and banishment for transgressors." 

4 Why will he not behold my way and number all my steps? 

5 Have I walked with scoffers or hath my foot hasted to deceit ? 

6 For I have been weighed in a just balance ; and the Lord 

7 knoweth mine integrity. If my foot hath deviated from the 
way or my heart gone astray after mine eyes; or if with my 

8 hands I have touched bribes : may I sow and others eat ; 
and let me have no root in the land. 

9 If my heart hath gone after another man's wife, or if I have 
lain in wait at her gates ; let my wife gratify another, and mine 

11 infant children be dishonoured. For the defiling of another 

12 man's wife exciteth a fury of wrath not to be restrained. For 
it is a fire burning in all the limbs ; which will not go out, till 
it hath utterly consumed. 


13 If I have slighted the cause of my man servant or maid ser- 
vant when they had a controversy with me, what shall I do 
when the Lord maketh inquest? And when he visiteth, what 
answer shall I make ? Was not I formed in the womb as they 

16 were? And were we not alike fashioned in the belly? Far 
from depriving the poor of what they had, or causing the heart 
of a widow to fail ; if I have eaten my morsel alone, and have 
not shared it with the orphan ; (for from my youth I as a father 
nourished them, and was their guide from my mother's womb) 

19 If I have seen the naked perishing and have not clothed them ; 
and if the poor have not blessed me, and their shoulders been 

21 warmed with the fleece of my lambs ; If I have raised a hand 
against the fatherless, because I had around me greater sup- 
port: may my shoulder bone be dislocated, and my arm bro- 
ken at the elbow. For the fear of the Lord restrained me, and 
the burden of that I could not endure. 

24 If I have made gold my measure, or placed my confidence 
in precious stones : or if I have exulted because my wealth 
was great, or laid my hand on what was not counted out to 

26 me : or, (do we not see the refulgent sun sometimes eclipsed, 
and the moon continually changing ? for it is not in them :) if 
then my heart hath been secretly enticed, and I have laid my 
hand on my mouth and kissed it ; let this be reckoned to me 
as the greatest transgression, that I have lied in the presence 
of the Lord, the Most High. 

29 If I have rejoiced at the downfal of mine enemies, and my 
heart hath said, Aha ! Let mine ear hear myself cursed, and let 
me be a by-word among the people, when I am afflicted. 

31 If my maid servants have often said, that we had some 
of his flesh meat to eat ! while I was living luxuriously : (indeed 
the stranger lodged not in the street, and my door was open 

33 to every comer:) If when I sinned inadvertently, I concealed 
my sin ; for I was not so awed by the multitude as not to men- 
tion it before them — (Now if I had suffered a poor man to go 
from my door with an empty lap, who could have heard me 
with patience ?) And if I had not feared the hand of the Lord 
I would have put on my shoulders the writing which I had 

37 against any one, and have acknowledged it as a crown : But if 
I did not tear it in pieces and give it up, without taking any 


38 thing from the debtor : if ever my ground hath cried out against 
me, and the furrows thereof joined in the complaint : if I have 
eaten alone the strength thereof without money, and by rapine 

40 caused the heart of the owner of the soil to grieve : let nettles 
spring up for me instead of wheat, and bramble bushes instead 
of barley. 

XXXII. Here Job closed his speech, and his three friends 
ceased from making further reply to him ; for he was righteous 
in their sight. Then was kindled the wrath of Elius the son of 
Barachiel the Buzite, of the family of Earn, of the country of 
Ausitis. His wrath was kindled against Job to a high degree, 
because he had declared himself just before the Lord : And 
with the three friends he was very angry, because they were 
not able to answer Job's defence : though they had charged 
him with being wicked. 
4 Now Elius had waited to answer Job, because they were 
older than he. But when he saw that there was no answer in 
the mouth of the three men, he was fired with indignation ; 
therefore Elius the son of Barachiel the Buzite taking up the 
argument, said, 

I indeed am young and you are old ; therefore I kept silence 

7 and was afraid to give my opinion. For I said, Is it not age 
which speaketh ? And by many years they have gained wis- 

8 But there is a spirit in mortals ; and it is the inspiration of 

9 the Almighty which teacheth. They who live longest are not 
the wisest, nor is the knowledge of judgment confined to the 

10 aged. Wherefore I said, Hear me, and I will tell you what I 

11 know. Listen attentive to my words, for I will speak in your 

12 hearing that you may examine them. Even now I could wish 
to attend to you : but behold there is none who convicteth Job — 

13 none of you who refuteth his arguments : that you might not 

14 say, We the Lord's advocates have found wisdom. And you 
have left a man at liberty to use hereafter the same arguments. 

15 They were daunted. They answered not again. They 

16 have antiquated their own speeches. I waited patiently: for I 
had not spoken. Because they stopped and made no reply, 
therefore Elius interposing, saith, I will speak again, for I am 
full of words — for I am pained with a spirit within me — fur I 



am like a vessel full of new wine, in fermentation, without vent ; 
20 or like the labouring bellows of a smith. I will speak that I 

may have ease, by opening my lips. For I should not be awed 
22 by man : nor put to the blush because of a mortal. For I am 

not apt to admire persons. Will not worms devour them as 

well as me. 
XXXIII. Now therefore, Job, hear thou my words, and listen 

2 attentively to my speech ; for lo ! I have opened my mouth, 

3 and my tongue hath begun to speak. My words shall proceed 
from a pure heart ; and the sentiments of my lips shall be pure. 

4 It is the divine spirit, which made me, even the inspiration of 

5 the Almighty, which teacheth me. If thou art able, give me an 

6 answer ; come to trial, and let us stand face to face. Thou art 
formed out of clay, and so am I : we are both made of the same 

7 material. By the dread of me thou wilt not be terrified ; nor 

8 will this hand of mine be heavy on thee. Now thou hast said 
in my hearing — I heard the sound of thy words : for thou 

9 saidst, " I am pure, I have not sinned ; I am irreprehensible, 
for I have not transgressed. But he hath invented an accusa- 
tion against me, and hath accounted me as an enemy. He hath 

12 put my foot in a clog, and watched all my ways." For how, 
dost thou say, I am righteous, yet he hath not hearkened to 
me. For He, who is over mortals, is eternal. 

13 And dost thou say, Why in my trial, hath he not hearken- 

14 ed to me on every matter? For the Lord may have spoken 

15 once, and again. — In a dream, for instance, or in a nightly 
vision : As when a dread horror falleth on men, during their 

16 slumbers on a bed ; then doth he open the understanding of 
men. With such appearances of terror he frighted them, to 
turn man away from iniquity. 

17 Again he hath saved his body from a fall, and hath rescu- 

18 ed his soul from death ; and hath not suffered him to fall in 

19 Again he hath rebuked him with sickness on a bed, and 

20 benumbed all his bones; so that he cannot take any nourish- 

21 ment, (though his soul longeth for food) until his flesh become 

22 rotten, and he can show his bones bare. When his soul hath 
come near to death, and his life near to the mansion of the 

23 dead, though there may be a thousand messengers of death, 


not one of them can mortally wound him. If he determine in 
24 his heart to turn to the Lord, when he shall have shewn man 
his charge against him, and pointed out to him his folly, he 
will support him, that he may not fall to death, and renew his 
body like the plaistering on a wall, and will fill his bones with 
marrow ; and make his flesh soft like that of an infant, and re- 

26 store him to full strength among men. And when he hath 
prayed to the Lord, and shall enjoy acceptable things, he will 
come with a cheerful countenance and with thanks: and ren- 

27 der justice to men. Then will such a man blame himself, and 
say, What I have done ! He hath not chastened me, as my 

28 sins deserve ! Save my soul, that it may not go to destruction, 
and let my life see light. 

29 Behold in these three ways the Almighty doth all these 

30 things with man. He hath indeed delivered my soul from 
death ; that in light my life may praise him. 

31 Listen attentively, Job, and hear me : keep silence that I 

32 may speak. If thou hast any thing to say, answer me : speak ; 

33 for I wish thee to be justified. If not : hearken to me : keep 
silence and I will teach thee. 

XXXIY. Then Elius proceeded and said, 

2 Hearken to me, ye wise men, and ye who have knowledge 

3 listen attentively. For the ear trieth words and the palate tast- 

4 eth meats. Let us take upon us the right of judging : Let 

5 us know among ourselves what is good. For Job hath 

6 said, " I am righteous : the Lord hath removed from me 

7 the trial ; and hath disappointed me of my trial. My wound 

8 is grievous without transgression." What man is there like 
Job, who drinketh up scorning like water — who hath neither 
sinned, nor been guilty of impiety — nor associated with the 

9 workers of iniquity to walk with impious men? For thou 
shouldst not say, There shall be no visitation of man. He shall 

10 indeed have a visitation from the Lord. Therefore hearken to 
me, ye who are wise in heart. Far be it from me to be profane 
before the Lord ; or before the Almighty to disturb the 
course of justice. 

11 "But he should render to every man according to each 
one's work ; so that in his own paths every man may find 

12 him." But dost thou think that the Lord will do improper 


things ? Or will the Almighty who made the earth, pervert 

13 judgment ? Now who is this maker of the world and of all the 

14 things therein ? For were it his pleasure to confine, and keep 
to himself, the wind, all flesh would expire together ; and every 
mortal would return to earth, of which they were formed. 

16 See that thou be not chastened. Hear these things ; listen 

17 attentively to the sound of words. Consider that he who hateth 
iniquity ; and that he who destroyeth the wicked, being eternal, 
is just. 

18 He is irreverent, who saith to a king, Thou transgressest : 

19 to princes, you are acting impiously. Who hath no respect for 
the person of an honourable man ; nor knoweth how to honour 

20 nobles by respecting their persons. " But it should be in vain 
for them to cry or to entreat a man, for they behaved wicked- 

21 ly in turning aside the weak. For he is the observer of mens' 
actions, and nothing that they do can escape his notice : nor 
can there be a place, where the workers of iniquity can be 
concealed." (a) 

23 (b) That he will not yet set himself against a man ; is because 
the Lord superintended all in ways unsearchable ; glorious 
and wonderful, not to be numbered. 

25 (a) " As he knoweth their works : he should bring on night 

26 and they should be humbled. But hath he extinguished the 
wicked though they are visible before him ? Because they 
turned aside from the law of God and did not acknowledge 
his judgments, when they cause the cry of the poor to ascend 

29 to him, he should hearken to the cry of the poor." (b) But when 
he giveth rest, who shall call him to account ? When he hideth 
his face, who can see him ? Both against a nation, and against a 

30 man at the same time, he maketh a hypocritick man king ; be- 
cause of the perverseness of a people. 

31 Because one saith to the Almighty, "I have taken, I will 

32 not again take a pledge : I will look beyond myself ; do thou 
shew me: If I have done iniquity, I will do so no more." 

33 Will he for thee punish that iniquity ? Because thou must de- 
ny — because thou must draw the conclusion, not I : therefore 
speak what thou knowest. For they who are wise in heart will 
say the same : and a wise man hath heard this word of mine. 

35 Job indeed hath not spoken with wisdom : his words are 


not with understanding. Therefore let Job learn and no more 
make reply like the foolish ; that we may not add to our trans- 
gressions. For iniquity will be charged to our account ; if we 
multiply speeches before the Lord. 
XXXV. Then Elius proceeded and said, 

2 What thinkest thou of this in thy pleading ? Who art thou 
that thou shouldst say, 

3 "I am righteous before the Lord ? Or wilt thou say, 
"What can I do if I sin?" 

4 I will answer thee and these three friends of thine. Look 
up to yonder heaven and see ; and observe the clouds, how 

6 high above thee they are. If thou hast sinned, what canst thou 
do ? And if thou hast multiplied transgressions, what canst thou 

7 effect ? If thou art righteous, what canst thou give him ? Or 

8 will he receive any thing at thy hands ? Thy wickedness may 
affect a man like thyself : and thy righteousness, a son of man . 

9 On the account of a multitude, they who are falsely accused 
will scream : They will call aloud because of the arm of ma- 
ll) ny, but none said, AVhere is the God who made me ; who re- 

11 gulateth the watches of the night; who distinguisheth me from 

12 the beasts of the earth and from the birds of the air? There 
let them scream. He indeed may not hearken even at the 
abuse of bad men. 

13 (a) " Since it is not the Lord's desire to see improper things — 
since he, the Almighty, is the observer of them who do injus- 

14 tice ; he should save me : " (b) but be judged before him. Can'st 

15 thou praise him as things are ? Because he doth not regard Job's 
anger ; and hath not severely animadverted on some offence : 

16 therefore Job vainly openeth his mouth; he loadeth his 
speeches with folly. 

XXXVI. Then Elius proceeded further and said, 

2 Bear with me a little longer that I may teach thee : for I have 

3 still something further to say ; taking my knowledge from 
abroad and from my own works, I will speak righteous things 
with truth, without considering in an unjust manner things 

5 which are unjust. Know then that the Lord, who is mighty in 
power and wisdom ; will not reject the innocent, nor save the 
wicked : and that he will administer justice to the oppressed. 

7 He will not withdraw his eyes from the righteous, but will seat 


thein at last with kings on a throne and they shall be exalted. 

8 When they shall be bound with fetters or held with cords of 

9 affliction, he will shew them their works and their trans- 
10 gressions, that they bear. — But he will hearken to what is 

just, and hath ordered them to turn from iniquity. If they 
hearken and serve ; they shall end their days in prosperity and 

12 their years in the enjoyment of things convenient. But the im- 
pious he saveth not : because they would not know the Lord, 
and because, when they were admonished, they were disobe- 

L°> dient, the hypocrites in heart shall incur wrath : they will not 

14 cry because he bound them : Let their soul therefore perish in 
youth and their life be wounded by angels. Because they af- 
flicted the weak and feeble, he will support the cause of the 

16 Though the abyss from the mouth of an enemy — the over- 
flow of that from underneath hath deceived thee ; and thy ta- 
ble which was full of fatness hath fallen : yet the cause of the 

1 8 righteous shall not fail. But there shall be wrath against the 
ungodly, on account of the wicked bribes which they re- 
ceived for injustice. 

19 Let not the earnest entreaty of the weak in distress turn 
aside thee and all those in the exercise of authority. Do not 
spin out the night that crowds may come to their assistance. 
But be careful not to do improper things : for by such a con- 
duct thou wilt extricate thyself from distress. 

22 Behold the Almighty will strengthen with his strength : 
for who is powerful as he? Or who can examine his works? 
Or who can say, He hath done unjust things ? 

24 Remember that his works are greater than what men have 
attempted. Every man hath seen by himself how many mortals 
are wounded. 

26 Behold the Almighty is multifarious in operations beyond 
our comprehension. 

The number of his years are indeed infinite and by him 
the particles of rain can be counted. 

28 When they are collected into a cloud for rain, the heavens 

will pour down. But when the clouds cast a shade over the 
dumb creation he impressed a care on beasts, and they know 
the order for going to bed. At all these things is not thine un- 


derstanding confounded ? And is not thy heart starting from 
the body ? 

29 Xow though the outspread cloud be rushing together, to 
the whole extent of his pavilion, behold ! with a clap of thunder 
he will expand it over him. He hath indeed covered the out 
branchings of the sea ! For with what he judgeth nations he 
can give food in abundance. 

32 When with his hands he hath covered the light, and hath 
given provisional orders concerning food ; the Lord will warn 
his friend that there is a portion also for injustice. Therefore 

XXXVII. on the account of this my heart was troubled, and 
moved violently out of its place. 

2 Hear the report made by the fierce anger of the Lord ! 

3 when a threat shall proceed from his mouth ; as his dominion 
extendeth over all under heaven, and his light over the wings 

4 of the earth ; after it he will thunder with a voice — he will 
thunder with the voice of his indignation. (And should it not 
make a change in those men when he shall cause his voice to 

5 be heard?) With his voice the Almighty will thunder to our 
astonishment ; for he hath done great things which we cannot 
comprehend ; issuing a command to snow, be thou on the 
earth — 

6 When the tempest and storms of rain, under his command 

7 seal up against the hand of every man, that every man may 

8 know his own weakness — when the beasts have entered their 
coverts, and have gone to rest on their beds; sorrows issue 

9 forth from their chambers, and cold from its lofty summits ; 

10 which by the blast of the Almighty produce frost, and govern- 
eth the water as he pleaseth. 

11 But when a cloud covereth a man of his choice, his light 

12 can disperse the cloud : and he at his sovereign pleasure, can 
cause the revolving agents to return to their works. What 

13 things soever he giveth them in charge : these are ordered by 
him on the earth ; and whether they be for correction, or for 
the benefit of the earth ; or for mercy, he is to be found in them. 

14 Hearken, Job, to these things and stand instructed with 
regard to the power of the Lord. We know that God hath 
disposed his works — that he hath made light out of darkness — 
That he knoweth the different purposes of clouds, and the 


17 miraculous fall of wicked men. Now thy cloathing is warm 
and there is peace in the land. With him are powerful cordials 
for inveterate disorders : what an appearance of an infusion ! 

19 Therefore teach me what we shall say to him. And let us re- 

20 frain from much speaking. Have I had a book or a scribe by 
me, that by stopping the man I could be silent ? 

21 Though the light is not visible to all, there is a brighten- 
ing in the heavens, like that which cometh in clouds from 

22 him. From the north the clouds brighten like fulgent gold. 
For these things great is the glory and honour of the Almigh- 
ty. As we cannot find another equal to him in majesty ; dost 
thou not think that he who judgeth righteously will hear ? 

24 Men therefore ought to fear him. They indeed who are wise 

in heart, will fear him. 
XXXVIII. After Elius had finished his speech, the Lord 

from a whirlwind and clouds, said to Job, 

2 Who is this who is concealing counsel from me, and who 
hiding words in his heart thinketh to hide them from me ? 

3 Gird up thy loins like a man and I will question thee and an- 

4 swer thou me. Where wast thou, when I laid the foundations 
of the earth? And tell me, if thou hast understanding, who 
settled the measures of it ? Dost thou know ? Or who stretch- 

6 ed the line upon it? To what are the hooks of it fastened? 

7 And who laid the corner stone thereof ? When the stars were 

8 made, all my angels praised me with a loud voice. It was I 
who shut up the sea with gates, when it rushed eagerly from 

9 its mother's womb. It was I who made a cloud its cloathing ; 

10 and thick darkness its swaddling bands. It was I who set 

11 bounds to it ; surrounded it with bars and gates ; and said to 
it, Thus far thou shalt come and no farther : but in thyself 

12 thy waves shall be spent. Was it in concert with thee that I 
ordered the morning light ; and that the day spring knew its 

13 appointed time to tinge the wings of the earth — to scare the 

14 wicked from it ? Didst thou take clay of the earth and form 
an animal and place on the earth a creature endowed with 

15 speech ? Hast thou withdrawn the light from the wicked, and 

16 broken in pieces the arms of the haughty? Hast thou gone 
to the head spring of the sea ; and walked in the footsteps of 

17 the abyss? Are the gates of Hades opened to thee through 


fear, and are the porters of Hades struck with awe at seeing 

18 thee ? Hast thou informed thyself of the breadth of that under 

19 heaven ? Tell me then what is the extent of it. In what coun- 
try doth light make its abode, and of what sort is the place of 

20 darkness? If thou wouldst lead me to their borders, and if 

21 thou knewest their paths ; I would know that thou wast then 

22 born, and that the number of thy years is great. Hast thou 
gone to the treasuries of snow, or hast thou seen the treasuries 

23 of hail ? xVre they stored up for thee, for a time of enemies — 

24 for a day of battles and combat ? From what place doth hoar 
frost issue, or whence is the south wind scattered over the earth ? 

25 Who hath prepared a course for the tempest, and a way for im- 
petuous storms to water the ground, where there is not a man — 
the desart where no man dwelleth — to saturate an untrodden, 
uninhabited land and cause the bud of the tender herb to spring ? 

28 Who is the father of rain, and who hath begotten the drops of 

29 dew? From whose womb doth ice proceed, and who in the 
sky hath brought forth hail which descendeth like a shower ? 

31 Who hath struck with terror the face of the wicked? Dost thou 
know the band of Pleias, or hast thou opened the hedge of 

32 Orion ? Canst thou cause Mazouroth to come forth in his sea- 

33 son, or drag out Hesperus by his hair ? Dost thou know the 
revolutions of heaven, or the things on earth corresponding to 

34 them ? Canst thou summon a cloud with thy voice, and will 

35 it, with the trembling of a water si^out, answer thee ? Canst 
thou despatch thunders, that they may go, and will they say to 

36 thee, Here we are ? Who hath given woman a skill in weav- 

37 ing, and a knowledge of the art of embroidering ? Who is it 
who numbereth the clouds with wisdom, and hath caused the 
heaven to incline to the earth, when the earth was poured 
out like dust, and when I have glued the very clod as for a 

39 stone ? Wilt thou hunt the prey for lions, or satisfy the arjpe- 
tites of dragons ? For they are trembling for fear in their dens, 
41 and lying in ambush in their coverts. Who hath provided food 
for the raven ? For his young have cried to the Lord, wan- 
dering about in search of provisions. 
XXXIX. Hast thou known the time of the rock-goat's deli- 
2 very, and watched the pangs of hinds in travail ? Hast thou 
numbered the months they go with young, and hast thou dis- 
vol. ii. i; 


3 missed their pangs? Hast thou brought up their young, de- 

4 void of fear, and wilt thou dismiss their pangs also? Shall 
they cast off their young, and be encreased with a new progeny, 
and shall they go forth and no more return to them ? 

5 Who hath sent forth the wild ass free, and who hath loosed 

6 his bands ? As I made the desart his habitation, and the salt- 

7 ish soil his place of encampment ; he scorneth the crowds of a 

8 city, and regardeth not the clamours of a driver. The range 
of mountains he will consider as his pasture, and he search eth 
after every thing green. 

9 Will the unicorn condescend to serve thee, or to go to rest 

10 at thy stall ? Canst thou bind his yoke with thongs, or will he 

11 draw thy furrows in the field ? Hast thou relied on him be- 

12 cause his strength is great ? Wilt thou leave thy labours to 
him, and trust that he will carry out thy seed, and bring home 
thy threshed grain ? 

13 Why is the wing of the ostrich that of the sportive ? For 

14 though it comprehendeth that of the stork and falcon, yet she 
will commit her eggs to the ground, and hatch them in the 

15 dust ; not remembering that the foot may crush, and wild 

16 beasts trample them. She hardened herself against her young, 

17 as if not her's ; she laboured in vain without fear ; because 
God had silenced wisdom in her. But did he not impart to 

18 her some understanding ? At a suitable occasion she will rear 
herself aloft ; she will laugh to scorn the horse and his rider. 

19 Hast thou invested the horse with strength, and clothed his 
neck with terror ? When thou arrayedst him with armour didst 

21 thou inspire his dauntless breast with courage ? Pawing in the 
plain he swelleth with pride, and rusheth impetuous to the field. 

22 Meeting a king he meeteth him with scorn, and turneth not 

23 back for fear of the sword. On him the bow and the sword 
swell with pride; and his rage will cause the ground to vanish, 

24 nor will he believe till the trumpet sounds : but at the sound 
of the trumpet he saith, Aha, and snuffetk the battle from afar, 
with a bound and neighing. 

26 Hath the hawk by thy wisdom poised herself aloft with 
wings expanded, unmoved, surveying the regions of the south ? 

27 At thy command doth the eagle soar, and the vulture abide 

28 seated on its nest, on the high crag of a rock, and in secret, 

Ch. XL. XLI. JOB. 

29 and continuing there seek its food ? Its eyes take an extensive 
survey, and its young are besmeared with blood. Wherever 
carcasses are, there are they suddenly found. 

XL. 15 But behold now the wild beasts around thee, which feed 

16 upon grass like cattle — behold that one in particular whose 
strength is in his loins, and whose power is in the navel of his 

17 belly. He hath raised his tail like a cypress, and his sinews are 

18 plaited together. His ribs are ribs of brass, and his back bone 

19 is molten iron ; he is a chief of the Lord's fashioning, made to 

20 be insulted by his angels only. When he went up to the crag- 
gy mountain, he gave joy to the four footed beasts in the vale. 

21 They go to rest under trees of every sort, by the papyrus, the 

22 reed and the bulrush : But by him large trees with branches, 

23 and the bushes of the field are overshadowed. Should there 
come a flood he would not regard it ; he is confident the Jor- 

24 dan can roll into his mouth. Can one look steadily at him, can 
one craftily bore his nose ? 

XLI. Canst thou draw out Dragon with a hook, or put a ban- 

2 dage round his nostrils ? Or canst thou fasten a ring in his snout, 

3 or bore his lip for a jewel ? Will he speak to thee with entrea- 

4 ties — with soothing supplications ? Will he make a covenant 
with thee ? And wilt thou take him for a perpetual servant ? 

5 Wilt thou play with him as with a bird, or bind him as a spar- 

6 row for a child ? Do the nations feed upon him, or the Phceni- 

7 cians divide him among them? With their whole fleet they 
could not carry the first skin of his tail, nor his head in their 

8 fishing barks. Wilt thou lay thine hand on him, recollecting 

9 the battle made by his mouth ? Do not so again. Hast thou not 
seen him ? Hast thou not been amazed at what is said of him ? Hast 

10 thou not been afraid that he was prepared against me ? But who 

11 is there, who hath risen up against me — or who can rise up against 

12 me and stand to it ? If the whole world is mine, I cannot be put 
to silence by him. On the account of his power one may pity 

13 his equal. Who can strip off his outer robe, or who can come 

14 within the folds of his breast plate? Who can open the doors 

15 of his mouth ? His teeth are encompassed with terror. His 
scales are shields of brass; and his ligature, like a smyrite 

16 stone. They are glued one to another, so that no air may pass 

17 through to him. They are to adhere close to each other; they 


18 stick so close that they cannot be torn asunder. At his sneez- 
ing lightnings flash : and his eyes have the lustre of the morn- 

19 ing star. Out of his mouth issue as it were burning lamps ; 

20 and flaky flames, in appearance, are belched out. From his 
nostrils issueth the smoke of a furnace, flaming with a fire of 

21 burning coals. His animal life is glowing coals ; and a flame 

22 proceedeth out of his mouth. In his neck, strength maketh 

23 its abode ; and destruction runneth before him. The flesh of 
his body is glued together ; it is so abundant that he cannot 

24 be shaken. His heart is hard as a stone, and firm as an im- 

25 moveable anvil. When he turneth himself about, all the four 

26 footed beasts on the earth shrink with fear. Though spears 
oppose him, they effect nothing ; for with regard to the lance 

27 and the breast plate, he considereth iron as straw, and brass 

28 as rotten wood. The bow of steel cannot wound him ; and 

29 stones from a sling he considereth as grass. Battering rams are 
accounted as stubble ; and he laugheth at the shock of eruptive 

30 fire. His bed is sharp pointed obelisks ; and all the gold in 

31 the sea under him, is but as dirt. He causeth the deep to boil 
like a cauldron ; and considereth the sea as a pot of ointment. 

32 The deepest gulf of the sea he accounteth his captive ; and 

33 reckoneth the abyss itself as his parade. Upon the earth there 
is not his fellow; made to be insulted only by my angels. 

34 He beholdeth every thing that is high ; and he is king over all 
that are in the waters. 

XLII. Then Job in reply, said to the Lord, I know that thou 
canst do all things, and that with thee nothing is impossible. 

2 Who indeed can conceal counsel from thee? Though he for- 

3 beareth to speak, can he think to hide it from thee ? But who 

4 will tell me those things which I did not know — those great 
and wonderful things which I did not understand. Hear me, 
O Lord, that I may speak. And let me ask, and do thou teach 

XL. 6 Whereupon the Lord further said to Job from the 

7 cloud, No : but gird up thy loins like a man, and let me ques- 

8 tion thee ; and do thou answer me. Decline not the trial with 
me. Dost thou think that I have spoken to thee for any other 

9 purpose, but that thou mayst appear justified ? Hast thou an 
arm to contend against the Lord, or dost thou thunder with a 


10 voice against him ? Assume then majesty and power, and array 

11 thyself with glory and excellence; and send forth angels in 

12 wrath, and humble every one who is insolent. Extinguish also 
the haughty, and turn the wicked into instant corruption. 

13 Hide them in the earth together, and cover their faces with dis- 

14 honour. Then will I confess that thine own right hand can save 

1 thee. Then the Lord God addressing Job, said, Doth he de- 

2 cline a trial with the xllmighty ? Surely he who commenceth 
XL. 3 a suit against God, should support it. Whereupon Job, in 

4 reply, said to the Lord, Why should I continue the debate 
any further ? I stand corrected for commencing a suit against 
the Lord. On hearing such things, what answer can I, who 

5 am nothing, make to thee ? I will lay my hand on my mouth. 
Once I have spoken, but I will not proceed a second time. 
I heard of thee before, with the hearing of the ear ; but now 
mine eye hath seen thee, therefore I abhor myself, and am ready 
to drop into dissolution, and account myself as dust and ashes. 

XLII. 7 Now after the Lord had spoken all these things to Job, 
the Lord said to Eliphaz, the Thaimanite, Thou hast sinned 
and thy two friends. For you have not spoken any thing true 

8 before me, as my servant Job hath. Now therefore take seven 
young bulls and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and 
he will make an offering for you ; and my servant Job will pray 
for you. For him only I will accept ; for were it not for his 
sake, I would destroy you, because you have not spoken what 
is true against my servant Job. 

9 So Eliphaz the Thaimanite, and Baldad the Sauchean, and 
Sophar the Minaian, went and did as the Lord commanded 
them, and he forgave them their sin for Job's sake. And the 

10 Lord increased Job. L^pon his making supplication for his 
friends, the Lord forgave them their sins, and the Lord gave 

11 Job twice as much as he had before. When all his brethren 
and his sisters heard what had befallen him, they came to him, 
together with all those who were formerly acquainted with him, 
and having eaten and drank at his house, they comforted him, 
and expressed their amazement at all that the Lord had 
brought upon him. And every one presented him a lamb, and 

12 a quarter of a drachm of gold bullion. And the Lord blessed 
the latter days of Job more than the former ; so that his stock 


was fourteen thousand sheep, six thousand camels, a thousand 

13 yoke of oxen, a thousand breeding asses. And he had seven 

14 sons born to him, and three daughters, the eldest of whom he 
called Hemera, and the second Kasia, and the third Amalthaia- 

15 keres. And in all the land there were no women found so fair 
as the daughters of Job. And their father gave them an inher- 

16 itance among their brothers. And Job lived after this affliction 
a hundred and seventy years. So that all the years which he 
lived were two hundred and forty. And Job saw his child- 
ren and his children's children, to the fourth generation, and 

17 died an old man and full of days. And it is written that he will 
rise again with them whom the Lord raiseth up. 

This is translated out of a book in the Syrian language: 
For he dwelt in the land of Ausitis, on the confines of Idumea 
and Arabia. His first name was Jobab, and having married 
an Arabian woman, he had by her a son whose name was 
Ennon. Noiv he himself was a son of father Zare, one of 
the sons of Esau, and his mother s name was Bosorra : so 
that he was the fifth in descent from Abraham. Now these 
were the kings who reigned in Edom, over which country he 
also bore rule. The first was Balak, the son of Beor, and 
the name of his city ivas Dannaba. And after Balak, Jobab, 
ivho is called Job; and after him, Asom } who was general 
from the region of Thaimanitis ; and after him, Adad, son of 
Barad, who smote Madiam in the plain of Moab ; and the 
name of his city was Gethaim. And the friends ivho came to 
Job were Eliphaz, of the sons of Esau, the king of the 
Thaimanites ; Baldad, the sovereign of the Sauclieans, and 
Sojihar, the king of the Minaians. 



HAPPY the man, who hath not walked by the counsel of 
the wicked ; nor stood in the way of sinners ; nor sat in the seat 
of the scornful. His delight will be in the law of the Lord only. 
3 And on his laAv he will meditate day and night. And he will 
be like the tree planted by the streams of water, which will 
yield its fruit in due season, and its fruit shall not fall un- 


4 timely. In all that he doth he shall be prospered. Not so the 
wicked ; not so. They are like the chaff, which the wind dri- 

5 veth from the face of the earth. Therefore the wicked shall 
not stand in judgment, nor sinners in the counsel of the right- 

6 eous. For the Lord knoweth the way of the righteous : and 
the way of the ungodly shall perish. 


WHY did nations rage ? And tribes meditate vain things ? 

2 The kings of the earth combined ; and the chiefs assembled 
together, against the Lord and against his Anointed, [saying] 

3 " Let us break their bands asunder and throw off from us 
their yoke." 

4 He who dwelleth in heaven will laugh them to scorn — the 

5 Lord will treat them with derision. Then will he speak to them 

6 in his wrath and trouble them with his sore displeasure. But 
as for me, by him I am appointed king on Sion his holy moun- 

7 tain. I proclaim the decree of the Lord ; to me the Lord said, 

8 "Thou art my Son, this day I have begotten thee, Ask of 
me, and I will give thee nations for thine inheritance, and the 

9 uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt rule 
them with a rod of iron. Thou shalt break them to pieces like 
a potter's vessel." 

10 Now therefore, O kings, be wise : Be instructed, all ye, 
who judge the earth. 

11 Serve the Lord with fear : and rejoice for him with trem- 

12 bling. Keep fast hold of instruction ; the Lord may be angry 
and you may perish out of the right way. When his anger sud- 
denly blazeth forth, happy are all they who have trusted in 


A Psalm by David, when he fled from the presence of his son 


1 LOKD ! why have they who afflicted me multiplied ? 

2 Many are risen up against me. Many say respecting my life, 
In this God of his he hath no safety. 


3 But thou, Lord, art my protector ; rny glory, and the lift- 

4 er up of my head. With my voice I cried to the Lord, and 
from his holy mount he heard me. 

5 I laid me down to rest and slept — I awoke. Because the 

6 Lord will protect me, I will not be afraid of myriads of peo- 
ple — of them who are besetting me round about. 

7 Arise, Lord ; save me, my God ! Because thou hast 
smitten all them, who foolishly were mine enemies — hast 

8 broken the teeth of sinners : this deliverance is the Lord's : let 
thy blessing be upon thy people also. 


For the conclusion with jisalms. An Ode hy David. 

1 WHEN I made my supplication ; my righteous God 
heard me : thou hast enlarged me in distress : be gracious to 
me and hear my prayer. 

2 Sons of men ! how long will you be stubborn ! why love 

3 ye vanity and seek falsehood ? Know that the Lord hath made 
his holy one wonderful. The Lord will hearken to me when I cry 

4 to him. Are you provoked to wrath ? Do not therefore commit sin. 

5 What you say in your hearts be sorry for, on your beds. Offer 
(J a sacrifice of righteousness and trust in the Lord. Many say, 

Who will shew us good things? On us, Lord, is marked the 

7 light of thy countenance : thou hast put gladness in my heart. 

8 Because of the increase of their corn and wine and oil they 
are filled ; while I will lay me down in peace and sleep because 
thou, Lord, hast only caused me to dwell in hope. 


For the conclusion, concerning her ivho obtaineth the inheri- 
tance. A Psalm hy David. 

1 LOBD, hear my words — attend to my cry. Listen to 

2 the sound of my prayer, my king and my God ! For to thee, 

Lord, I will pray. 

3 In the morning thou shalt hear my voice : in the morning 

1 will wait on thee and look up. 


4 Because thou art not a God pleased with iniquity; there- 

5 fore he who is wicked cannot dwell near thee : nor shall trans- 
gressors continue in thy presence. 

6 Thou Lord, hatest all the workers of iniquity : thou 
wilt destroy all them who speak lies — a bloody and deceitful 

7 man the Lord abhorreth. As for me, I through thine abundant 
mercy, will go to thy house : I will worship before thy holy 
temple, in thy fear. 

8 Lead me, Lord, in thy saving goodness : direct my 
way before thee, because of mine enemies — because there is 

9 no truth in their mouth. Their heart is false ; their throat, an 
open sepulchre : with their tongue they practised deceit. 

10 Judge them, God; let them fall for their devices: ac- 
cording to the multitude of their crimes cast them out ; be- 
cause they have provoked thee, Lord. 

11 But let all, whose hope is in thee, rejoice. They shall ex- 
ult forever, and thou wilt dwell among them : and all who love 
thy name will glory in thee ; because thou wilt bless the right- 
eous. Thou, Lord, hast covered us as with armour of fa- 


For the conclusion, among Hymns for the eighth day. A 
Psalm by David. 

1 O LOKD, rebuke me not in thy wrath ; nor chasten me 
in thine anger. 

2 Pity me, Lord, for I am weak. Heal me, Lord, for my 
bones are troubled. 

3 My soul is troubled exceedingly : but Lord, for how 

4 Eeturn, Lord ; deliver my soul : save me for thy mer- 
cy's sake. 

5 For in death none can make mention of thee. In the man- 
sion of the dead, who can give thee thanks ? 

6 I am weary with my groaning. Am I every night to bedew 
my bed and water my couch with my tears ? 

VOL. II. x 


7 Mine eye is troubled with indignation : I am grown old 
among all mine enemies. 

8 Away from me, all ye workers of iniquity. For the Lord 

9 hath heard the voice of my weeping — the Lord hath heard my 
supplication : the Lord hath received my petition. 

10 Let all mine enemies be shamed and greatly troubled. Let 
them be turned back and instantly put to shame. 


A Psalm by David which he sung to the Lord respecting 
the words of Chousi the Jeminite. 

1 LORD, my God, in thee I have put my trust : save me 

2 from all my persecutors and deliver me : perhaps he like a lion 
may tear my soul ; if there be none to redeem — none to deliver. 

3 Lord, my God, if I have done this — if there be iniquity 

4 in my hands : if I have requited them evil who did me wrong ; 
let me fall by mine enemies as a worthless man : let mine ene- 
my pursue my soul and take it — let him tread down my life 
to the earth and lay my honour in the dust. 

6 Arise, Lord, in thine indignation : exalt thyself in the 
borders of mine enemies. Awake, Lord my God, in the 

7 judgment thou hast enjoined. And when the congregation of 
the tribes encompass thee ; ascend thou on high above them : 

8 The Lord is the judge of the tribes ; judge me, Lord, ac- 
cording to my righteousness : and according to mine innocence 

9 be for me. Let the wickedness of sinners be brought to an end. 

Thou wilt indeed direct the righteous : thou art the God 

10 who searcheth hearts and reins. Eightful is my help from that 
God who saveth the upright in heart. 

11 God, who is a judge just and powerful ; (though he is long 

12 suffering and doth not execute vengeance every day) will, un- 
less you turn back, sharpen his sword. He hath bent his bow 

13 and made it ready : and hath fitted to it the instruments of 
death — those flaming bolts of his which he hath forged. 

14 Behold this man hath travailed with injustice. He conceived 

15 mischief and brought forth iniquity : he hath digged a pit and 
covered it : into the pit which he made he will fall : his mis- 


chief will return on his own head — on his own head his injus- 
tice will come down. I shall praise the Lord for his loving 
kindness. I shall sing to the name of the Lord Most High. 


For the conclusion. For the wine presses. A Psalm by David. 

1 LORD, our Lord, how thy name ought to be admired 
in all the earth, since thine excellence is exalted above the hea- 

2 vens ! From the mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast per- 
fected praise, on account of thine enemies — [on account] of 
destroying an enemy and a revenger. 

3 When I behold the heavens, the work of thy fingers — the 

4 moon and stars which thou hast established, what is man that 
thou shouldst be mindful of him, or a son of man that thou 

5 shouldst visit him ! Thou madest him a little lower than angels, 

6 with glory and honour thou hast crowned him, and set him over 
the works of thy hands. Thou hast put all things under his 

7 feet — flocks and herds of all sorts — also the beasts of the field — 

8 the birds of the air, and fishes of the sea — whatever travel the 

9 paths of the seas. O Lord, our Lord, how thy name ought to 
be admired in all the earth ! 


For the conclusion. On the mysteries of the Son. A Psalm by 


1 I WILL praise thee, Lord, with my whole heart, I will 
relate all thy wondrous works. Let me be gladdened and re- 
joice in thee ; to thy name I will sing, O thou Most High. 
When this enemy of mine is turned back, at thy presence they 

4 shall faint and perish ; because thou hast maintained my right 
and my cause. 

5 Thou the righteous judge hast sat on the throne ; thou hast 
rebuked nations, and the wicked one is destroyed. Thou hast 

6 blotted out their Name forever and ever. The enemy's swords 
have utterly failed, and thou hast completely destroyed cities, 
the memorial of them with their din is gone. 


7 But the Lord will endure forever : he hath prepared his 

8 throne for judgment ; he will judge the world with rigkteous- 

9 ness — with rectitude he will judge tribes. The Lord was a 

10 refuge for the distressed, a seasonable helper in adversity. Let 
them who know thy name confide in thee ; For thou, Lord, 
hast not forsaken them who seek thee. 

11 Sing to the Lord who dwelleth in Sion ; among the nations 

12 proclaim his designs, for in making inquisition for blood, he 
had them in remembrance — he forgot not the prayer of the 

13 Have mercy upon me, O Lord ! Behold my affliction, be- 
cause of mine enemies, O thou who raisest me up from the gates 

14 of death, that I may proclaim all thy praises in the gates of 
the daughter of Sion. Let me exult with joy for thy salvation. 

15 The nations were completely entrapped by the destruction 
which they contrived; in the gin which they hid, their foot is 

16 caught. The Lord is known by executing judgments ; by the 
works of his own hands the sinner is taken. 

A responsive Ode. 

17 LET the sinners be turned back to the mansion of the 
dead — all the nations who forget God. 

1 8 For the poor shall not be quite forgotten — the expectation of 
the needy shall never perish. 

19 Arise, Lord, let not man prevail — let nations be judged 
in thy presence. 

20 Appoint, O Lord, a legislator over them — let nations know 
that they are men. 


WHY, O Lord, hast thou stood at a distance —dost thou 
overlook at proper occasions — in adversity ? 

2 When the wicked exulteth with pride, the poor is set on 
fire — they are caught by the counsels which they devise. 

3 Because the sinner is praised for the desires of his soul ; 
— therefore he who committeth injustice is blessed. 

4 The sinner hath greatly provoked the Lord — according to 
his great anger will he not make inquisition ? 


5 God is not before his eyes — his ways are polluted on every 

Thy judgments are removed from his sight — shall he have 
a mastery over all his enemies ? 

6 For he said in his heart, I shall not he moved and I shall 
never be in adversity. 

Is not his mouth full of cursing, and bitterness and deceit ? 

8 — Under his tongue there is mischief and sorrow. 

He sat in secret places with the rich to slay the innocent — 
His eyes are on the watch for the distressed. 

9 He lurketh in secret like a lion in his den — He lurketh to 
make a prey of the poor. 

To make a prey of the poor when he hath drawn him in — 
in his net he will humble him. — 

10 He will stoop and crouch at his tyrannising over the poor — 

11 For he said in his heart God hath forgotten — He hath turned 
his face from ever seeing. 

12 Arise, Lord God, let thy hand be lifted up — Forget not 
the oppressed. 

13 Why hath the wicked provoked God ? — For he said in 
his heart, He will not make inquisition. 

1-1 Thou seest (for thou observest mischief and wrath) — That 
they have delivered themselves into thy hands. 

To thee the poor hath committed himself — Thou art the 
helper of the fatherless. 

15 Break the arm of the sinful and malicious man. — Let his 
sin be sought out till no more can be found. 

16 Let the Lord reign for ever and ever ! 

17 Perish ye nations out of his land! The Lord hath heark- 
ened to the desire of the oppressed. — 

Thine ear hath attended to the preparation of their heart ; 

18 to administer justice to the fatherless and the weak — 

That man may no longer continue his insolence in the 


For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 IN the Lord I have placed my confidence, how say ye to 
my soul, " away to the mountains as an ostrich. 


2 For behold the sinners have bent a bow: they have provi- 
ded arrows for a quiver ; to shoot privily the upright in heart. 

3 For what thou didst build up, they have pulled down." 

4 Now what hath the righteous done? The Lord is in his 
holy temple. The Lord, whose throne is in heaven ; whose 
eyes look down on the needy ; whose eye lids examine the 

5 sons of men — the Lord examineth both the righteous and the 
wicked. He then who loveth iniquity hateth his own soul. 

6 Upon the wicked he will rain snares. Fire and brimstone and 
a tempestuous wind, shall be the portion of their cup. 

7 Because the Lord is righteous, therefore he loved righte- 
ousness ; his countenance beheld uprightness. 


For the conclusion, for the eighth [day] A Psalm by David. 

1 SAVE me, O Lord ! for a holy one hath ceased ; for truths 

2 are scarce among the sons of men. They spoke vanities one 
to another : their lips are deceitful, they spoke with a double 
heart. — 

3 May the Lord destroy all deceitful lips ; and the tongue 

4 which speaketh swelling words — them who say, " We will 
magnify our tongue : our lips are our own : who is Lord 
over us ? " 

5 Because of the oppression of the poor; because of the 
groans of the needy ; now will I arise, saith the Lord ; I will 
set in safety and speak boldly. 

6 The oracles of the Lord are pure oracles — tried silver, clear 

7 of dross, seven times purified. Thou, Lord, wilt keep us 
and preserve us, from this generation, and forever. 

8 The wicked are walking about : thou, in thy sublimity, 
hast carefully observed the sons of men. 


For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 HOW long, Lord, wilt thou forget me? For ever? 
How long wilt thou turn away thy face from me ? 


2 How long shall I revolve counsels in my mind, and sor- 
rows in my heart? For years? How long shall mine enemy 
be exalted over me ? 

3 Look down, hearken to me, O Lord, my God. Enlighten 

4 mine eyes, that I may not sleep unto death — lest mine enemy 
say, I have prevailed over him. They who afflict me will re- 
rejoice, if I be moved. 

5 As for me, I have trusted in thy mercy ; let my heart re- 
joice in thy salvation : I will sing to the Lord my benefactor ; 
and hymn to the name of the Lord Most High. 


For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 THE fool said in his heart, There is no God. They are cor- 
rupt and by their works abominable : there is none who doeth 
good. No not one. 

2 The Lord looked down from heaven on the children of 
men; to see if any had understanding or were seeking God. 

3 They had all gone aside, they were altogether become vile : 
there is none who doeth good — no not one. Their throat is an 
open sepulchre : with their tongues they practised deceit : the 
poison of asps is under the lips of them whose mouth is full of 
cursing and bitterness : their feet are swift to shed blood : 
destruction and misery are in their ways : and the way of 
peace they did not know : there is no fear of God before their 

4 Will they all continue senseless? They are going on in a 
course of iniquity : they are eating up my people as they do 

5 bread : they have not called on the Lord. They were seized 
with terror, where there was no fear; because God was among 
a righteous generation. 

6 Have you despised the counsel of the poor; because his 
trust is in the Lord ? 

7 that he would for Sion's sake send deliverance to Israel ! 
When the Lord hath brought back the captives of his people : 
Let Jacob rejoice and let Israel be glad. 


A Psalm by David. 

1 LOKD ! who shall sojourn at thy tabernacle ? And who 
shall dwell on thy holy mountain ? 

2 He who walketh blameless and worketh righteousness : 

3 And who speaketh truth from his heart. Who hath not deceiv- 
ed with his tongue ; nor done evil to his neighbour ; nor taken 
up a reproach against his neighbours. In whose sight an evil 
doer is contemned; but who honoureth them who fear the 

5 Lord : who sweareth to his neighbour ; and doth not violate 
his engagements : who hath not lent his money on usury ; nor 
taken bribes against the innocent. He whose practise is such, 
shall never be moved. 


An inscription for a pillar. By David. 

1 PKESEEVE me, Lord: for in thee I have trusted. I 

2 said to the Lord, Thou art my Lord : thou hast no need of my 

3 goods. By the hallowed things in this land of his he had mar- 
vellously displayed all his designs. Their infirmities were 
multiplied : after these hallowed things they hastened. 

4 I will no more assemble their congregations for blood, 

5 nor make mention of their names with my lips. The Lord is the 
portion of mine inheritance and of my cup : thou art he who re- 

6 storeth me mine inheritance. The lines have fallen to me in the 
best places : for this inheritance of mine is the best for me. 

7 I will bless the Lord who hath given me understanding : 

8 even now at night my reins have instructed me. I saw the 
Lord continually before me. Because he is at my right hand 

9 that I may not be moved ; therefore my heart was gladdened ; 
and my tongue exulted with joy : moreover my flesh also will 

10 dwell in hope ; that thou wilt not leave my soul in the mansion 
of the dead nor suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. 

11 Thou hast made known to me the ways of life: thou with 
thy presence wilt fill me with joy. At thy right hand are plea- 
sures for evermore. 



A Prayer of David. 

1 HEAKKEN, Lord, to my justification; attend to my 
supplication: give ear to my prayer which is not made with 
feigned lips. 

2 Let my sentence come forth from thy presence : Let mine 
eyes behold righteous decisions. 

3 Thou hast proved my heart : thou hast watched me by 
night : thou hast tried me : and in me there was found no in- 

4 That my mouth might not speak the works of these men ; 
I, because of the words of thy lips, kept rugged ways. 

5 Establish my footsteps in thy paths ; that my footsteps may 
not be moved. 

6 I have cried, because thou, O God, didst hear me: incline 

7 thine ear to me and hear my words. Display marvellously thy 
mercies, O thou, who, with thy right hand, savest from adver- 

8 saries them who trust in thee. Keep me as the apple of an eye : 

9 with the cover of thy wings thou wilt shelter me from the face 

10 of the wicked who afflict me. These enemies of mine beset my 

1 1 soul : they shut up their fat ; their mouth spoke proudly. Hav- 
ing driven me out they now enclosed me. They set their eyes 

12 inclining to the ground. They observed me, like a lion eager 
for prey, and like a young lion lurking in coverts. 

13 Arise, Lord, prevent them and cause them to stumble. 
Deliver my soul from the wicked : wrest thy sword from thine 

14 enemies hand Dismiss them, Lord, from the land : disperse 
them in their life time. Though their belly was filled with thy 
stores ; they glutted themselves with swine's flesh, and left the 
relicks for their children. 

15 But as for me, let me appear righteous before thee; let me 
be satisfied with a display of thy glory. 


For the conclusion. By David the servant of the Lord : 
who spake to the Lord the words of this Ode on the day when 


the Lord delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and 
out of the hand of Saul ; and he said, 

1 I WILL love thee, Lord, my strength ! The Lord is 
my support, my refuge and my deliverer. My God is my help- 
er, in him I will trust : my protector, the horn of my salvation 
and my defender. 

3 In songs of praise I will call on the Lord, and I shall be 
saved from mine enemies. 

4 The pangs of death encompassed me ; and floods of iniquity 

5 startled me. The pangs of Hades surrounded me, and the 

6 snares of death were before me. In my distress I called on the 
Lord, and to my God I raised my cry. From his holy temple 
he heard my voice ; and my cry before him reached his ears. 

7 Then was the earth shaken : it trembled ; and the founda- 
tions of the hills were convulsed and shaken; because at mine 

8 enemies God was incensed. A smoke ascended in his ire, and 
at his presence a fire flamed, by which coals were kindled to a 
glow. And he bowed the heaven and came down, and darkness 

10 was under his feet. He mounted on cherubs and flew — he flew 

11 on the wings of winds. But he made darkness his covering, 

12 His tent around him was dark water in clouds of air. At the 
flash of the lightning before him, the clouds burst. Hail stones 

13 and coals of fire ! Then the Lord thundered from heaven, the 

14 Most High uttered his voice: He sent forth his bolts and scat- 
tered them : he multiplied his lightnings and confounded them. 

15 Then were seen the head springs of waters, and the foundations 
of the world were disclosed, at thy rebuke. Lord — at the 

16 blowing of the blast of thine anger. He sent from on high 

17 and took me — he took me to himself from many waters. He 
will deliver me from my potent enemies; and from them who 

18 hate me ; because they are stronger than I. They surprised 
me in the day of my distress ; but the Lord was my firm sup- 

19 port ; and brought me out to a large place. He will deliver me 

20 because he delighted in me. The Lord will reward me accord- 
ing to my righteousness, and recompense me according to the 

21 cleanness of my hands. Because I have kept the ways of the 

22 Lord, and have not wickedly departed from my God — because 
all his judgments were before me, and his rules of rectitude 


23 were not far from me ; therefore with him I shall be unble- 

24 mished, and I will guard myself from mine iniquity; and the 
Lord will reward me according to my righteousness, and ac- 

25 cording to the cleanness of my hands in his sight. With the 
merciful thou will shew thyself merciful, and with a harmless 

26 man thou wilt be harmless ; with a warrior thou wilt be a war- 

27 rior, and with the wily, thou wilt practise wiles. Because thou 
wilt save a dejected people ; therefore the eyes of the lofty 

28 thou wilt humble. Because thou, Lord, wilt light my lamp 

29 — thou, my God, wilt enlighten my darkness — by thee 
therefore I shall be delivered from a roving band ; and by my 

30 God I shall overleap a wall. As for my God, his way is spot- 
less — the oracles of the Lord are tried, he is the protector of all 

31 who trust in him. For who is God, besides the Lord? And 

32 who is God, save our God? It is thou, God, who girdest 

33 me with strength, and hast made my way spotless — who mak- 
est my feet like those of a hind, and who steadiest me on high 

34 places ; who instructest my hands for battle, and hast made my 
arms like a bow of steel, and given me a defence for my safe- 

35 ty ; and thy right hand hath helped me, and thy discipline hath 
upheld me to the last : this discipline of thine will still teach 

36 me. Thou hast enlarged my steps under me, and my tread 

37 was not unsteady. I shall pursue mine enemies and overtake 

38 them, and not turn back till they are destroyed. I shall harass 
them that they may not be able to stand ; they shall fall down 

39 under my feet. For thou hast girded me with strength for bat- 

40 tie, and subdued under me all that rose up against me. Thou 
hast given me the backs of mine enemies, and utterly destroyed 

41 them who hate me. They cried aloud, but there was no sa- 

42 viour — to the Lord, but he hearkened not to them. So that I 
shall beat them small as dust before the wind, and trample them 
down like dirt in the street. 

43 Deliver me from the contentions of the people. Thou wilt 
set me at the head of nations. 

44 A people whom I knew not, have served me. Soon as they 
heard, they obeyed me. 

45 Strange children have paid me feigned obedience. Strange 
children became old and limped from their paths. 


46 Live the Lord! and blessed be my God! and let the God 
of my salvation be exalted — 

47 The God who hath executed vengeance for me : and sub- 
jected peoples under me — my deliverer from outrageous ene- 

48 From them who rise up against me, thou wilt lift me up ; 
from the man of violence thou wilt deliver me. 

49 For this cause I will praise thee, Lord, among the na- 
tions : And sing melodiously to thy name. 

50 He is magnifying the deliverances of his king, and shew- 
ing mercy to his anointed — to David and his seed forever. 


For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 THE heavens declare the glory of God, and the firmament 
proclaimeth the work of his hands. 

2 Day to day pronounceth a decree ; and night to night pro- 
claimeth knowledge. 

3 Are they not speeches and are they not words, of which 
is not their utterance heard ? 

4 To every land their sound is gone forth : and their doc- 
trines to the limits of the world. 

5 In the sun he placed his tabernacle. And he is like a bride- 
groom coming forth from his chamber. He will rejoice as a 
giant to run his course. 

6 His going forth is from the summit of heaven; and his 
course is to the summit thereof, and from his heat none can 
be hid. 

7 The law of the Lord is perfect, it restoreth souls: The tes- 
timony of the Lord is faithful, it maketh infants wise. 

8 The statutes of the Lord are right, they rejoice the heart. 
The commandment of the Lord is clear, it enlighteneth the 

9 The fear of the Lord is pure, it endureth forever. The 
judgments of the Lord are true, they are justified for being so. 

10 They are more to be desired than gold, or many precious 
stones ; and sweeter than honey or the honey comb. 


11 These indeed thy servant keepeth ; for keeping them there 
is a great reward. 

12 Who can understand his errors? Cleanse thou me from 

13 those of mine which are hid ; and for those of others, spare thy 
servant. If they gain not a dominion over me : then shall I be 

14 spotless, and clean from great transgression. And the words 
of my mouth and the meditations of my heart, will be continu- 
ally acceptable in thy sight— Lord, my helper and my re- 


For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 THE Lord hearken to thee in a day of distress ! 
The name of the God of Jacob defend thee ; 

2 May he send thee help from the Sanctuary : 
And assist thee out of Sion. 

3 May he remember all thy sacrifice ; 
And make thy whole burnt offerings fat. 

4 May he grant thee thy hearts desire : 
And fulfil all thy counsel. 

5 We will rejoice in thy salvation, and triumph in the name 
of our God. May the Lord fulfil all thy petitions ! 

6 Now I know that the Lord hath saved his anointed. From 
his holy heaven he will hearken to him. The salvation of his 
right hand is with power. 

7 Some boast of chariots and some of horses; but by the 
name of the Lord our God we shall be magnified. 

8 They were entangled and fell ; but we arose and were kept 

9 O Lord, save the king, and hearken to us, when we invoke 


For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 LOKD, in thy strength, the king will rejoice ; and exult 
greatly in thy salvation. 


2 Thou hast granted him the desire of his soul, and hast not 
denied him the request of his lips. 

3 For thou hast pre-engaged him with kind blessings. Thou 
hast set on his head a crown of precious stones. 

4 He asked of thee life ; and thou hast given him length of 
days forever. 

5 By thy salvation his glory is great. Thou wilt confer on 
him honour and majesty. 

6 For thou wilt give him everlasting blessing ; and with the 
joy of thy countenance make him glad. 

7 Because the king trusteth in the Lord : therefore, through 
the mercy of the Most High, he cannot be shaken. 

8 Let thine enemies feel thy hand : and thy right hand find out 
all that hate thee. 

9 Thou wilt make them like an oven of fire, at the time of 
thy presence. The Lord with his wrath will confound them, 
and a fire shall devour them. 

10 Thou wilt destroy their fruit from the earth, and their seed 
from among the sons of men. 

11 Because on thee they were turning evils. Were devising 

12 a counsel which they could not accomplish — because thou wilt 
set them behind those thou hast left — wilt prepare others to be 
before them. 

13 Be thou, Lord, exalted by thy power: let us sing and 
extol thy acts of government. 


For the conclusion. On the help of the morning. A Psalm by David. 

1 GOD, my God ! attend to me ! why hast thou forsaken 
me ? have the acts of my transgressions [removed thee] far from 

2 saving me ? my God, shall I cry to thee by day, and thou 

3 not listen, and by night, and thou not hear me ? Thou indeed 

4 dwellest in a holy place ; thou art the praise of Israel. In thee 
our fathers placed their trust — they trusted and thou didst de- 

5 liver them. To thee they cried and they were saved; in thee 
they trusted and were not put to shame. 

6 As for me, I am a worm, and no man — the scorn of men 


7 and the people's contempt. All that see me have laughed me 
to scorn ; they said with their lips while they shaked their head, 

8 "He trusted in the Lord, let him deliver him ; let him save him, 

9 since he delighteth in him." Because thou art he, who drew 
me forth from the womb : my hope, when at the breasts of my 

10 mother — I was cast on thy care from my very birth — from my 

11 mother's womb thou art my God; stand not at a distance 

12 from me ; for trouble is near — for there is no helper. Many 
bulls have encompassed me — fat bulls have beset me around. 

13 Against me they have opened their mouth, like a ravening and 

14 roaring lion. I am poured out like water, and all my bones 
are torn asunder: my heart within me is melted like wax. 

15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue cleav- 
eth to my palate — thou hast indeed brought me to the dust of 

16 death. Because many dogs have encompassed me, an assem- 
bly of wicked men have beset me — have pierced my hands 

17 and my feet — have counted all my bones, and have stared 
and looked at me ; they have parted my garments among 
them, and for my vesture have cast lots; Therefore, Lord, 

20 delay not thou my help, draw near to my assistance ; rescue 
my soul from the sword — this only begotten of mine from the 

21 paw of a dog. Save me from the mouth of a lion, and this 

22 lowliness of mine from the unicorn's horns. I will declare thv 
name to my brethren : in the midst of a congregation I will 
sing praise to thee. 

23 Praise him, ye who fear the Lord praise him, all ye seed 

24 of Jacob. Let all the seed of Israel fear him ; for he hath not 
slighted, nor abhorred the prayer of the distressed ; nor turn- 
ed away his face from me : but hearkened to me when I cried 

25 to him. My praise shall be of thee in a great congregation : 
I will pay my vows before them who fear him. 

26 The needy shall eat and be satisfied : and they who seek 
the Lord will praise him. Their heart shall be forever alive. 

27 All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord ; 
and all the families of the nations shall worship before him : 

28 for the kingdom is the Lord's and he ruleth the nations. All 

29 the fat ones of the earth have eaten and worshipped : before him 
shall bow all that go down to the dust. Let my soul therefore 
live for him. — 


30 My seed indeed will serve hirn : a generation which is 

31 coming shall be announced for the Lord : and they will pro- 
claim his saving mercy to a people that shall be born, whom 
the Lord made. 


A Psalm by David. 

1 THE Lord is my shepherd, I shall want nothing. In a 

3 verdant pasture he hath fixed my abode. He hath fed me by 
gently flowing water and restored my soul. He hath led me 

4 in paths of righteousness for his name's sake. For though I 
walk amidst the shades of death : I will fear no ills, because 
thou art with me ; thy rod and thy staff have been my com- 

5 fort. Thou hast spread a table before me ; in the presence of 
them who afflict me. With oil thou hast anointed my head; 

6 and thine exhilarating cup is the very best. Thy mercy will 
surely follow me all the days of my life; and my dwelling 
shall be in the house of the Lord to length of days. 


A Psalm by David, on the first day of the week. 

1 THE earth is the Lord's and the fulness thereof, the world 

2 and all its inhabitants. Upon the seas he laid its foundations ; 

3 and established it upon the floods. Who shall ascend to the 

4 hill of God, and who shall stand in his holy place ? He whose 
hands are clean and whose heart is pure. Who hath not de- 
voted his soul to vanity; nor sworn deceitfully to his neigh- 

5 bour. Such shall receive a blessing from the Lord ; and boun- 

6 teous supplies from God his saviour. Such is the generation 
of them who seek him ; who seek the face of the God of Jacob. 

7 Open wide your gates, ye chiefs! and be opened wide, ye 

8 everlasting doors; that the glorious king may enter. Who is 
the glorious king? The Lord strong and mighty: the Lord 

9 mighty in battle. Open wide your gates, ye chiefs ; and be 
opened wide ye everlasting doors; that the glorious king may 


10 enter. Who is this glorious king ? The Lord of Hosts. He 
is the king of glory. 


A Psalm hy David. 

1 TO thee, Lord, I have lifted up my soul : O my God, 
in thee I have put my trust : let me not be shamed, nor let 

3 mine enemies deride me ; for none who wait on thee should 
be put to shame. Let them be shamed who vainly transgress. 

4 Lord, shew me thy ways and teach me thy j>aths. Lead 

5 me to thy truth, and teach me : for thou, God, art my sa- 

6 viour, and for thee I have waited all the day long. Lord, 
remember thy compassion and thy tender mercies; for they 

7 are from everlasting. Remember not the sins and follies of 
my youth; according to thy mercy remember me, Lord, 

8 for thy goodness' sake. The Lord is gracious and righteous : 

9 therefore he will instruct sinners in the way : he will guide 

10 the meek in judgment : he will teach the meek his ways. All 
the paths of the Lord are mercy and truth ; to them who seek 

11 his covenant and his testimonies. For the sake of thy name 
therefore, Lord, pardon this sin of mine, for it is mani- 

12 What man soever habitually feareth the Lord ; him He will 

13 instruct in the way he hath chosen ; his life shall be spent in 
the enjoyment of good things and his offspring shall inherit 

14 the land. The Lord is the strength of them who fear him ; 

15 and it is his covenant to display it for them. Mine eyes are 
continually towards the Lord ; because he can extricate my 

16 feet from the snare. Look down upon me and compassionate 

17 me ; for I am an only begotten, though distressed : the trou- 
bles of my heart are multiplied : deliver me from these my 

18 distresses. Look on my humiliation and my trouble and for- 

19 give all my sins. View mine enemies, for they are multiplied ; 

20 and have hated me with unjust hatred. preserve my soul 
and deliver me : let me not be shamed, because I have trusted 

21 in thee. To me the innocent and the upright cleaved ; because 

22 I waited for thee, O Lord. God redeem Israel from all their 
afflictions ! 

VOL. II. z 



By David. 

1 JUDGE me, Lord, for I have walked in mine integrity ; 

2 and trusting in the Lord I should not be shaken. Examine 

3 me, Lord, and prove me : try my reins and my heart. Be- 
cause thy mercy is before mine eyes ; and I have delighted in 

4 thy truth : I did not sit with the council of vanity ; nor can I go 

5 with them who transgress : I hated the assembly of evil doers ; 

6 and with the ungodly I cannot sit. I will wash my hands in 

7 innocence and go round thine altar, O Lord : that I may hear 

8 the voice of praise ; and tell all thy wonderous acts. Lord, I have 
loved the beauty of thy house ; and the place of the mansion of thy 

9 glory. Destroy not my soul with the wicked nor my life with 

10 blood thirsty men ; in whose hands are iniquities ; and whose 

11 right hand is full of bribes. As for me, I have walked in mine 

12 integrity : Eedeem me, and be merciful to me. My foot hath 
been stedfast in rectitude : in assemblies, I will bless thee, O 


A Psalm of David before he was anointed. 

1 THE Lord is my light and my saviour. Whom shall I fear ? 
The Lord is the defender of my life. Of whom shall I be afraid ? 

2 When evil doers approached me, to devour my flesh; they, 

3 who afflicted me, even mine enemies fainted and fell. Though 
a host be drawn up against me, my heart will not be dismay- 
ed ; though war rise up against me, still I exercise hope. 

4 One favour I have asked of the Lord ; and this I will earnest- 
ly seek ; that I may dwell in the house of the Lord, all the 
days of my life — that I may contemplate the delight of the 

5 Lord ; and visit his temple. Because in his pavilion he hid me, 
in the day of my calamities — in the secret of his tabernacle he 

6 covered me ; he set me upon a rock ; and now, behold ! he hath 
raised up my head against mine enemies : I have gone round 
and offered at his tent a sacrifice of thanksgiving : with musick 

7 vocal and instrumental I will praise the Lord. Hear, Lord, 
my voice when I cry ; have mercy on me and hearken to me. 


8 To thee my heart said, I have sought thy lace; thy face, O 

9 Lord, I will seek. Turn not away thy face from me ; withdraw 
not in anger from thy servant. Be thou my helper : leave me 

10 not, nor forsake me, O God, my saviour. Since my father and 
my mother have left me ; and the Lord hath taken me to him- 

11 self: instruct me in thy way and lead me in the right path, be- 

12 cause of mine enemies. Deliver me not up to the will of them 
who are afflicting me. Because false witnesses have risen up 

13 against me and injustice hath belied itself; I am confident of 

14 seeing the goodness of the Lord, in the land of the living. Wait 
for the Lord and be of good courage ; let thy heart be strength- 
ened and wait for the Lord. 

A Psalm of David. 

1 TO thee, Lord, I have cried : O my God, pass me not 
by in silence. Shouldst thou pass me by in silence : I shall be 

2 like them who go down to the pit. Hear the sound of my sup- 
plication, when I pray to thee— when I lift up my hands to thy 

3 holy temple. Draw not my soul in with sinners ; nor destroy 
me with the workers of iniquity — with them who speak peace 

4 to their neighbours and harbour mischief in their hearts. 
Give them according to their deeds; and according to the 
wickedness of their devices. According to the works of their 

5 hands give them — retribute to them their deserts. Because 
they did not regard the works of the Lord ; nor the operations 
of his hands: thou wilt utterly destroy them and not build 

6 them up again. Blessed be the Lord, because he hath heard the 

7 voice of my prayer. The Lord is my helper and my protector : 
on him my heart relied, and I am helped. My flesh also is reviv- 

8 ed, that with cheerfulness I may praise him. The Lord is the 

9 strength of his people ; and the safeguard of his anointed. 
save thy people and bless thine inheritance ; feed them also 
and lift them up forever. 



A Psalm of David, at the exod of the tabernacle. 

1 OFFER to the Lord, ye children of God— offer to the Lord 
the offspring of rams. Offer to the Lord glory and honour : 

2 offer to the Lord, glory to his name. Worship the Lord in his 

3 holy court. The voice of the Lord on the waters ! The God 

4 of the glory thundered ! The Lord is over many waters. The 
voice of the Lord is with power : the voice of the Lord is with 

5 majesty. The voice of the Lord rending the cedars ! The Lord 
() will rend the cedars of Lebanon, and shatter them to pieces : 

as a young unicorn would a calf; so will the beloved [shatter] 

7 Lebanon itself. The voice of the Lord bursting through a 
flame of fire ! The voice of the Lord shaking the wilderness. 

8 The Lord will shake the wilderness of Kades. The voice of 

9 the Lord collecting the hinds ; when he shall lay the forests 

10 bare. When in his temple every one uttereth praise ; the Lord 
will cause that which was deluged to be inhabited : and the 

11 Lord will sit enthroned king forever. The Lord will give 
strength to his people ; the Lord will bless his people with 
peace. — 


For the conclusion. The Psalm of an Ode at the dedication of 

David's house. 

1 I WILL extol thee, Lord, because thou hast upheld me, 

2 and hast not suffered mine enemies to rejoice over me. Lord 
I] my God, to thee I cried and thou didst heal me. Thou, 

Lord, hast brought my soul up out of Hades ; and saved me 

4 from among them who go down to the pit. sing to the Lord, 
ye his saints ; and give thanks at the remembrance of his ho- 

5 liness. Because at his wrath there is vexation; but in his fa- 
vour, life ; in the evening weeping may pitch its tent ; and in 

6 the morning, joy. As for me, I, in my prosperity, said, I can 

7 never be moved : (To my comeliness, thou, Lord, in thy good 
pleasure hadst added strength) but thou didst turn away thy 

8 face, and I was involved in trouble. To thee, Lord, I cried 


9 and to my God made supplication — what profit is there in my 
blood — by my going down to corruption? Can dust cele- 

10 brate thy praise ; or can it proclaim thy truth ? The Lord heard 

11 and compassionated me : the Lord became my helper. Thou 
didst turn my mourning into joy; thou didst rend in pieces 

12 my sackcloth and gird me with gladness, that my glory might 
sound thy praise ; and that I might not be absorpt in grief. 
Lord, my God, to thee I will give thanks for evermore. 


For the conclusion. A Psalm hj David, on a surprise. 

1 IX thee, Lord, I have trusted. Let me never be put to 
shame. In thy saving mercy rescue me and deliver me — In- 

2 cline thine ear to me ! haste to deliver me. Be thou to me a 

3 protecting God — a house of refuge to save me. Because thou 
art my strength and my refuge ; thou therefore, for thy name's 

4 sake, wilt guide and nourish me : thou wilt extricate me from 
this snare ; which they have privily laid for me. Because thou, 

Lord, art my protector; into thy hands I will commit my 
spirit. Thou, Lord the God of truth hast redeemed me. 

6 Thou hatedst them who fruitlessly regard vanities; but I have 

7 trusted in the Lord. I will exult with joy and rejoice in thy 
mercy: because thou hast looked on my humiliation — hast 

8 delivered my soul from these distresses — hast not shut me up 
into an enemy's hand — hast set my feet in a roomy place. 

9 Pity me, Lord, for I am afflicted : with indignation mine 

10 eye was troubled — my soul and all within me. Because my 
life was spent with grief, and my years with sighing — with af- 
fliction my strength was exhausted and my bones were trou- 

1 1 bled ; among all mine enemies I became a reproach ; and to 
my neighbours especially, and to my acquaintance, a terror. 

12 They who saw me abroad fled from me; like a dead man out 
of mind I was quite forgotten : I became like a broken vessel. 

13 Because I heard the whispers of many who dwell around me; 
when they assembled together against me they consulted how 
to take my life ; but as for me, I put my trust in thee O Lord ; 

14 I said, Thou art my God ; in thy hands are my lots ; deliver 


ine from the baud of mine enemies, and from them who are 

16 persecuting me. Let thy face shine upon thy servant : save me 

17 for thy mercy's sake. Lord, let me not be shamed, because 
I have invoked thee. Let the wicked be shamed and driven 

18 down to the mansion of the dead. Let those deceitful lips be- 
come speechless, which speak injustice against the righteous 

19 with pride and contempt. How great, Lord, is the abun- 
dance of thy kindness, which thou hast laid up in store for them 
who fear thee — hast provided for them who trust in thee before 

20 the sons of men. In the secret of thy presence thou wilt hide 
them from the trouble of men ; thou wilt shelter them in a pa- 

21 vilion from the strife of tongues. Blessed be the Lord, because 
he hath marvellously displayed his mercy in a city besieged. 

22 As for me, on my surprisal I said, I am cast far from thy pre- 
sence ; therefore thou, Lord, didst hear the voice of my sup- 

23 plication when I cried to thee. love the Lord, all ye his 
saints, for the Lord searcheth out truth, and retributeth largely 

24 to the insolent. Take courage and let your hearts be strong, 
all ye whose trust is in the Lord. 


On understanding. By David. 

1 HAPPY they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose 

2 sins are covered. Happy the man, to whose account the Lord 

3 will not charge sin, and in whose mouth there is no guile. Be- 
cause I kept silence, my bones were consumed; by reason of 

4 my crying all the live long day. Because day and night thy hand 
was heavy on me, I was reduced to misery by a piercing thorn. I 

5 acknowledged my sin and did not conceal mine iniquity. I said, 
Against myself I will confess mine iniquity to the Lord, there- 

6 upon thou didst forgive the wickedness of my heart. For this 
every pious man should pray to thee in due time. Moreover in 

7 a flood of many waters, are they not to draw near to him ? Thou 
art my refuge from affliction, which surroundeth me — my ju- 
bilee to redeem me from them who encompass me. 

8 Let me instruct thee and teach thee the way thou shouldst 

9 go. I will fix steadily mine eyes upon thee. Be not like a horse or 


a mule, which have no understanding, the mouths of which, 
when they come not to thee, thou must strain with a bridle or 

10 a cavesson. Many are the chastisements of the sinner; but 

11 mercy will encompass him who trusteth in the Lord. Kejoice 
in the Lord and exult ye righteous, and shout for joy all ye who 
are upright in heart. 


By David. 

1 KEJOICE ye righteous in the Lord : praise becometh the 

2 upright. Praise the Lord with the kithara — with the ten stringed 

3 psaltery sing praises to him. Sing to him a new song ; sing in 

4 harmonious and triumphant strains. For the word of the Lord 

5 is right, and all his works are true. He loveth mercy and judg- 

6 ment ; the earth is full of the mercy of the Lord. By the word 
of the Lord the heavens were established, and all their host by 

7 the breath of his mouth. He gathered as in a vessel the waters 

8 of the sea; he laid up the deeps in store houses. Let all the 
earth fear the Lord ; and all the inhabitants of the world stand 

9 in awe of him ; for he spake and they were brought into being — 

10 he commanded and they were created. The Lord dissipateth the 
counsels of nations, and disannulleth the devices of peoples. He 

11 disannulleth also the counsels of chiefs. But the counsel of the 
Lord shall endure forever, the thoughts of his heart from gene- 

12 rations to generations. Happy is the nation, whose God is the 

13 Lord— the people, whom he hath chosen for his heritage. Out 
of heaven the Lord looked down ; he took a view of all the chil- 

14 dren of men. He looked down from his fixed habitation on all 

15 the inhabitants of the earth. It is he alone who formed their 

16 hearts : he knoweth completely all their works. A king is not 

17 saved because of a numerous army : nor can a giant be saved 
by his abundant strength. A horse is a false thing for safety ; 

18 nor can he with all his power save himself. Behold the eyes of 
the Lord are on them who fear him — on them who confide in 

19 his mercy ; to deliver their souls from death ; and to nourish 

20 them in a famine. Let our soul wait for the Lord ; because he 

21 is our helper and our protector. Because by him our heart can 


be made glad, therefore iu his holy name we have trusted. 
22 Let thy mercy, Lord, be upon us as we have put our trust 
in thee. 


By David, -when he had changed his behaviour before Abimelech, 
and, being dismissed by him, had gone away. 

1 I WILL bless the Lord at all times ; his praise shall be con- 

2 tinually in my mouth. Let my soul glory in the Lord : let the 

3 meek hear and be gladdened. magnify the Lord with me; 

4 and let us extol his name together. I sought the Lord and he 

5 heard me ; and brought me safe out of all my sojourns. Come 
to him and be enlightened and your faces shall never be sha- 

6 med. This afflicted man cried; and the Lord heard him; and 

7 saved him out of all his afflictions. The angel of the Lord will 

8 encamp round them that fear him, and deliver them. taste 
and see that the Lord is good ! happy is the man, who trust- 

9 eth in him. fear the Lord all ye his saints ! for they who fear 

10 him have no want. Rich men have become poor and hungry : 
But they who seek the Lord shall not want any good thing. 

11 Come, ye children, hearken to me : and I will teach you the 

12 fear of the Lord. What man soever desireth life and loveth to 

13 see good days : keep thy tongue from evil ; and thy lips from 

14 speaking guile : depart from evil and do good ; seek peace and 

15 pursue it. The eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous: and 

16 his ears are open to their prayer. But the face of the Lord is 
against them that do evil ; to destroy the remembrance of them 

17 from the earth. The righteous cried and the Lord heard them ; 

18 and delivered them out of all their afflictions. The Lord is 
near to those of a contrite heart ; and will save them who are 

19 lowly in spirit. Many are the afflictions of the righteous ; but 

20 out of them all the Lord will deliver them. He keepeth all their 

21 bones, not one of them shall be broken. Wretched is the death 

22 of sinners ; yet they who hate what is just will transgress. The 
Lord will redeem the souls of his servants: and none will 
transgress who trust in him. 



B\j David. 

1 JUDGE them, Lord, who do me wrong. Fight against 

2 them who are at war with me. Take hold of the shield and 

3 buckler ; and stand up in my defence. Unsheath the sword and 
•i stop my pursuers : say to my soul, I am thy safety. Let them 

who seek my life be shamed and confounded : let them be 
turned back and put to shame ; who are devising evils against me. 

5 Let them be like dust before the wind, when the angel of the 

6 Lord is afflicting them. Let their way be dark and slippery, 

7 when the angel of the Lord is pursuing them. Seeing they have 
without cause, hid for me their destructive snare — have, with- 

8 out reason, reproached my soul ; let a snare, which they know 
not, come upon them, and the gin catch them, which they 
have hidden ; and by that very snare let them fall. 

9 But let my soul rejoice in the Lord, and be delighted with 

10 his salvation. Let all my bones say, Lord, who is like thee, 
who deliverest the afflicted from the hand of them who are 
stronger than he — the afflicted and needy from them who spoil 

11 him? False witnesses having risen up against me, laid to my 

12 charge things which I knew not ; they returned me evil for good, 

13 even bereavement to my soul. As for me, while they were rais- 
ing troubles against me I cloathed myself with sackcloth, 
and humbled my soul with fasting. Though my prayer is to 

14 return into mine own bosom, as I would a friend, as I would 
an own brother, so did I endeavour to conciliate. I humbled 

15 myself as one in mourning and deep sorrow. But against me 
they rejoiced and gathered together; for me, scourges were 
collected and I did not know : they were split — and they had 

16 no compunction. They tortured me — with scoffs they derided 
me ; they gnashed their teeth at me. 

17 Lord, when wilt thou look down — rescue my soul from 

18 their malice. This only begotten of mine, from lions. I will 
render thee thanks in a great congregation; among a mighty 

19 people I will praise thee. Over me, let not these, my bitter 
enemies, vainly rejoice ; who hate me without cause, and give 

20 assent with their eyes. For to me indeed they spoke words of 

vol. II. a a 


21 peace, while with wrath they were contriving plots. Then they 
opened their month wide against me ; they said, Aha ! aha ! 
our eyes have seen. 

22 Thou, Lord, hast seen ; keep silence no longer. Lord, 

23 stand not at a distance from me. Arise, Lord, and attend 
to my trial, my God and my Lord, for my justification. 

24 Judge me, Lord, according to thy righteousness, Lord 

25 my God ! and let them not rejoice over me. Let them not say 
in their hearts, " Aha ! aha ! it is to our mind ; " nor let them 

26 say, We have swallowed him up. Let them who rejoice at my 
calamities be shamed, and confounded together; let them be 
cloathed with shame and confusion, who magnify themselves 

27 against me. Let them who desire my justification, exult with 
joy and be gladdened. Let them who wish the peace of thy 

28 servant, say continually, The Lord be magnified. So shall my 
tongue speak of thy righteousness — of thy praise all the day 


For the conclusion. By David the servant of the Lord. 

1 THE transgressor, in order that he may sin, saith within him- 

2 self, "He hath, before his eyes, no fear of God's finding out 
and hating his iniquity:" because, before him, he hath acted 

3 with deceit. The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit. 

4 He would not be wise to do good. He contrived mischief on his 
bed ; he persisted in every course which was not good, and did 
not abhor wickedness. 

5 Lord, thy mercy is in the heavens, and thy truth reach- 

6 eth to the clouds. Thy saving goodness is like the mountains 
of God, and thy judgments like the vasty deep. Thou, O 

7 Lord, preservest men and beasts. As thou, Lord, hast mul- 
tiplied thy mercy : let the sons of men therefore trust in the 

8 shelter of thy wings. With the fatness of thy house they shall 
be plentifully fed ; and thou wilt give them for drink, the full 

9 flowing stream of thy pleasures : for with thee there is a foun- 
10 tain of life, and by thy light we shall see light. Extend thy 

mercy to them that know thee, and thy goodness to them who 


11 are upright in heart. Let not the foot of pride come against 

12 me, nor the hand of sinners shake me. There all the workers 
of iniquity are fallen ! they were thrust out and could not stand. 


By David. 

1 FEET not because of evil doers : nor envy them who com- 

2 mit iniquity. For like grass, they shall quickly wither : and 

3 like the tender herb, they shall quickly fall. Trust in the Lord 
and exercise kindness ; dwell in the land aud thou shalt be fed 

4 with the riches thereof. Indulge thyself with delight in the 

5 Lord, and he will give thee the desires of thy heart. Lay open 
thy way before the Lord, and trust in him ; and he will accom- 

G plish — he will indeed bring forth thy righteousness like light, 

7 and thy judgment, as the noon day. Submit thyself to the Lord, 
and supplicate him ; fret not at the man who prospereth in his 

8 way — at the man who committeth iniquity. Cease from anger 

9 and forsake wrath — be not fretted so as to do evil ; for they 
who do evil shall be cut off: but they who wait for the Lord 

10 shall inherit the land. Yet a little while, and the sinner shall be 
no more ; though thou mayst seek his place, thou shalt not find 

1 1 it. But the meek shall inherit the land, and delight themselves 

12 in the abundance of peace. The sinner may watch the right- 

13 eous, and gnash his teeth at him ; but the Lord will laugh him 

14 to scorn, for he foreseeth that his day will come. The sinners 
drew the sword — they bent their bow, to overthrow the afflict- 

15 ed and needy — to slay the upright in heart. Let their sword 
pierce their own heart ; and their bows be broken to shivers. 

16 Better is the little which a righteous man hath, than the abun- 

17 dant wealth of sinners. For the arms of sinners shall be broken ; 

18 but the Lord supporteth the righteous. The Lord knoweth 
the ways of the spotless ; and their inheritance shall last forever. 

19 In time of troubles they shall not be shamed, and in days of 

20 famine they shall be plentifully fed. Because the sinners shall 
perish. Therefore when the enemies of the Lord were exalted 
and glorified — they were flitting away like smoke, and vanish- 

21 ing. The sinner borroweth and will not repay; but the right- 


22 eons sheweth mercy and giveth. Hence they who bless him 
shall inherit the land ; but they who curse him shall be rooted 

23 out. The steps of a man will be directed by the Lord, when 

24 he taketh delight in his way. When he happeneth to fall, he 
shall not fall with violence ; for the Lord is a stay to his hand. 

25 I have been young and am now old, yet I have never seen the 

26 righteous utterly forsaken, nor his seed begging bread. All 
the day long he is merciful and lendeth, and his seed shall be 

27 entitled to a blessing. Depart from evil and do good and dwell 

28 for evermore. Because the Lord loveth judgment and will not 
forsake his saints; they shall be preserved forever. The spot- 
less shall be avenged, when the seed of the wicked shall be ut- 

29 terly cut off; the righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell 

30 therein forever. The mouth of the righteous will speak wis- 

31 dom, and his tongue will talk of justice. The law of his God 

32 is in his heart, and his footsteps shall not slide. The sinner 

33 watcheth the righteous, and seeketh to kill him ; but the Lord 
will not leave him in his hand, nor suffer him to condemn him 

34 when he is judged. Wait on the Lord and keep his way : and 
he will exalt thee to inherit the land. When sinners are cut 

35 off, thou shalt see it. I have seen the wicked highly exalted, 

36 towering aloft like the cedars of Lebanon. Again I passed by, 
and lo ! he was gone. Though I sought him, his place could 

37 not be found. Preserve innocence and eye rectitude ; for there 

38 is a remnant for the man of peace. But transgressors shall be 
cut off together — the remnants of the wicked shall be rooted 

39 out. The safety of the righteous is from the Lord; and he is 

40 their protector in time of trouble. The Lord will help them 
and deliver them ; he will rescue them from sinners, and save 
them : because in him they have put their trust. 


A Psalm for remembrance, respecting rest. 

1 LOKD, rebuke me not in thy wrath ; nor chasten me in 

2 thine anger. For in me thy shafts are deeply fixed — and on 

3 me thou hast heavily laid thy hand. There is no soundness in 
my flesh because of thine anger — no rest to my bones, because 


4 of my sins. Because mine iniquities mounted above my head ; 

5 like a heavy burden they were heavy on me. The wounds, on 

6 account of my folly putrefied and became corrupt. I was in 

7 misery and wholly bent down : all the longsome day I went 
mourning. For my soul was rilled with illusions ; and there 

8 was no soundness in my flesh. I was afflicted and exceedingly 

9 depressed : I roared because of the groans of my heart. Now 

10 all my desire was before thee, and my groans were not 
hid from thee. My heart panted, my strength failed me : and the 

11 light of mine eyes is no more with me. My friends and my 
neighbours stood over against me : they drew near and stopt — 

12 even my near relations stood aloof. But they who seek my 
life pressed forward : and they who seek my ruin spake vani- 

13 ties. All the day long they studied deceits. As for me, I, as if 
deaf, did not hear : and like one dumb I opened not my mouth. 

14 I became indeed like a man who heareth not ; and in whose 

15 mouth there are no reproofs; for in thee, Lord, I put my 

16 trust. (Thou Lord my God wilt hearken — ) for I said, Per- 
haps mine enemies may rejoice over me : (Indeed when my 

17 feet slipped, they used swelling words against me) for I was 
prepared for stripes, and my sorrowful situation was conti- 

18 nually before me ; that I might declare mine iniquity, and ex- 

19 press my sorrow for my sin. But as for mine enemies they 
live and are stronger than I : and they who hate me wrongful- 

20 ly are multiplied. They who reward me evil for good, traduc- 

21 ed me : because I followed righteousness. Forsake me not ut- 
terly, Lord, my God : stand not at a distance from me. 

22 Draw near to my assistance, Lord of my salvation. 


For the conclusion. For Idithun. An Oclc by David. 

1 I SAID, Let me watch my ways ; that I may not sin with 
my tongue. I set a guard on my mouth ; when the sinner stood 

2 before me. I was dumb and humbled and silent from good 

3 things ; and my grief was renewed. My heart was warmed 
within me. That by my meditation a fire might be kindled ; 

4 I spake with my tongue — Make known to me, Lord mine 
end ; and the number of my days, what it is. That I may know 


5 what I lack of it. Behold thou hast made my days old ; and 
mine existence is as nothing before thee. The universe — every 

6 man living is vanity. Man indeed walketh about as an image ; 
still he troubleth himself in vain. He heapeth up treasures 

7 and knoweth not for whom he is to gather them. Now then 
what is my expectation ? Is it not the Lord ? In thee is my 

S hope. Deliver me from all my transgressions. Thou hast made 
9 me the reproach of a fool : I was dumb and opened not my 

10 mouth : because thou art he who didst make me. ! Eemove 
thy scourges from me: by the blow of thy hand I fainted. 

11 With rebukes thou hast corrected man for iniquity; and 
caused his life to waste like a spider. Still every man troub- 

12 leth himself in vain. Hearken, Lord, to my prayer: give 
ear to my supplication : hold not thy peace at my tears : since 
I am a sojourner in the land ; and a stranger as all my fathers 

10 were; O spare me that I may recover strength; before I go 
hence and be no more. 


For the conclusion. A Pscdm by David. 

1 I WAITED patiently for the Lord and he attended to me 

2 and heard my prayer : and brought me up from a horrible pit 
and from miry clay ; and set my feet on a rock and directed 

3 my steps, and put in my mouth a new song — a hymn to our 
God. Many will see and be struck with awe, and trust in the 

4 Lord. Happy the man, whose hope is the name of the Lord, 

5 and who hath not looked to vanities and lying fooleries. Many 
are thy wonders which thou, Lord my God, hast wrought; 
and for thy thoughts there is none to be compared to thee. 
I have declared and spoken. They are multiplied beyond com- 

6 putation. Sacrifice and offerings thou didst not desire, but 
preparedst for me a body; whole burnt offerings and offerings 

7 for sin thou didst not require. Then I said, Behold I come ; 

8 (in the volume of a book it is written respecting me) to per- 
form, my God, thy will, I was determined, even that law of 

9 thine, within my heart. I have published the good news of thy 
righteousness, in a great congregation. Behold I will not re- 

10 frain my lips ; thou, Lord, knowest my righteousness. I have 


not hid thy truth in my heart, but have mentioned thy salva- 
tion — I have not concealed thy mercy and thy truth from a 

1 1 great congregation. Withhold not thou then, Lord, thy ten- 
der mercies from me. Thy mercy and thy truth have continu- 

12 ally upheld me. Because evils without number encompassed 
me — mine iniquities had overtaken me, therefore, I was notable 
to look up ; they were multiplied above the hairs of my head, 
therefore my heart failed me. 

13 Be pleased, Lord, to deliver me. Lord, draw near to 

14 my assistance. Let them who seek my life to destroy it, be 
shamed and confounded together. Let them be turned back 

15 and shamed who wish me evil ; let those quickly bear their 

16 shame who say to me, Ha ! ha ! Let all who seek thee, 
Lord, rejoice and be glad for thee ; let them who love thy salva- 

17 tion say continually, The Lord be magnified ! As for me, I 
am distressed and needy, the Lord will care for me. Thou art 
my helper and my protector, my God, make no delay. 


For the conchision. A Psalm by David. 

1 HAPPY he who is considerate with regard to the distressed 

2 and needy ; in time of trouble the Lord will deliver him. May 
the Lord preserve him and keep him alive, and make him hap- 
py in the land, and may he never deliver him into the hands of 

3 his enemy ! May the Lord support him on his bed of languish- 

4 ing ! thou hast made all his bed in this sickness of his. I said, 
" Lord be merciful to me : heal my soul, for I have sinned 

5 against thee." Mine enemies said wickedly of me, " When will 

6 he die and his name perish ? " And if one came to see me, his 
heart spoke vainly. He collected iniquity for himself ; he went 

7 abroad and spoke for that purpose. All mine enemies spread 
whispers against me ; against me, they devised things hurtful 

8 to me. They came to a wicked determination against me. 
"Now he is confined to his bed, let him never rise again." 

9 Kay, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted — who ate of 
10 my bread, lifted up his heel against me. But thou, O Lord, 


have compassion on me, and raise me up, that I may requite 

11 them. By this, I know that thou hast delighted in me, because 

12 mine enemy hath not triumphed over me. And for mine inno- 
cence thou hast upheld me ; and established me before thee for- 

13 ever. Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, from everlasting 
to everlasting. Amen. Amen. 


For the conclusion. On understanding. For the sons of Korc. 

1 AS the hart panteth for fountains of water, so panteth my 

2 soul for thee, God. My soul hath thirsted for the living God ; 

3 When shall I come and appear before God ? My tears were 
my food day and night, when they said to me continually, 
Where is thy God ? On recollecting these things, I have poured 
out my soul by myself. 

4 Since I am to pass on, at the place of an awful tabernacle, 
to the house of God, with a voice of joy and praise — with the 

5 acclamations of them who celebrate a festival : why art thou, 
my soul, cast down ; and why disquietest thou me ? Trust in 
God, for I shall praise him : he is the health of my countenance. 

6 O my God, my soul within me was troubled ; therefore I will 
remember thee, from the land of Jordan and Ermoneim, bor- 

7 dering on the little mountain. Deep calleth on deep to form 
thy roaring cataracts; all thy meteors and thy billows passed 

8 over me. By day the Lord will command his kindness, and in 
the night he will make it manifest. Let there be with me a 

9 prayer to the God of my life. Let me say to God, Thou art 
my helper. Why hast thou forgotten me — why go I pensive 

10 because of mine enemy's oppression? When my bones were 
bruised, mine enemies reproached me, by their saying to me 

11 every day, Where is thy God. Why art thou, my soul, cast 
down — and why disquietest thou me ? Trust in God, for I 
shall praise him ; he is the health of my countenance and my 



A Psalm by David. 

1 JUDGE ine, God, and plead my cause against an ungod- 

2 ly nation : deliver me from an unjust and deceitful man. Since 
thou, God, art my strength, why hast thou cast me off? 
and why go I mourning, because of mine enemy's oppression ? 

3 send forth thy light and thy truth ; these have conducted me, 

4 and led me to thy holy mountain, and to thy tabernacles. Let 
me go to the altar of God — to God, the joy of my youth. 

5 With a kithara, I will praise thee, God, my God. Why 
art thou, my soul, cast down — and why disquietest thou 
me ? Trust in God, for I shall praise him. My God is the health 
of my countenance. 


For the conclusion. For the sons of Kore. A Psalm for 

1 O God, we have heard with our ears— our fathers have 

2 told us the work which thou didst in the days of old. When 
thy hand had extirpated nations, thou didst plant them : thou 

3 didst afflict nations and drive them out. For they took not pos- 
session of the land with their own sword : nor was it their own 
arm that saved them : but thy right hand and thine arm, and the 
light of thy countenance, because thou tookest pleasure in 

4 them. Thou, who didst command the deliverances of Jacob ; 

5 even thou art my king and my God. By thee we can push 
down our enemies, and through thy name, scorn them who rise 

6 up against us. For in mine own bow I will not put trust, nor 

7 is it mine own sword that can save me. For thou hast saved us 
from our enemies, and hast put to shame them who hated us. 

8 In God let us boast, all the day long : and to thy name give 
thanks forever. 

9 And hast thou now cast us off and put us to shame, and 
10 wilt not go forth with our armies ! Thou hast turned us back 

before our enemies ; and they who hate us have spoiled for 
VOL. II. B b 


1 1 themselves. Thou hast delivered us up as sheep, to be devour- 

12 ed, and hast scattered us among the nations. Thou hast sold 
thy people for nought ; the shouts of victory gave no abun- 

13 dance. Thou hast made us a reproach to our neighbours — a 

14 scoff and derision to those around us. Thou hast made us a 
by-word among the nations — a shaking of the head among 

15 the tribes. All the day long, my confusion is before me, and 

16 the shame of my face hath covered me, because of a reproach- 
er's and a defamer's voice ; and by reason of an enemy and 

17 an avenger. All these things have come upon us, though we 
have not forgotten thee — nor dealt falsely in thy covenant. 

18 Though our heart hath not turned back, yet thou hast turned 

19 our steps from thy way. Because thou hast humbled us in the 
place of affliction, and covered us with the shadow of death ; 

20 Have we forgotten the name of our God — or have we stretched 

21 out our hands to a strange god ? Will not God search out these 

22 things, for he knoweth the secrets of the heart ? Since for thy 
sake we are killed all the day long, and accounted as sheep for 

23 slaughter : awake : why sleepest thou, O Lord ? Arise and cast 

24 us not off forever. Why turnest thou away thy face forgetting 

25 our distress and our affliction? Because our soul is humbled 

26 to the dust, and our belly cleaveth to the ground ; arise Lord ; 
come to our assistance and deliver us for the sake of thy name. 


For the conclusion. Respecting them who arc to he changed. For 
the sons of Korc. An Ode for understanding. Concerning the 

1 MY heart hath indited a good word, I recite my perform- 
ances to the king. My tongue is the pen of a ready writer. 

2 Thou art fairer than the sons of men : grace is poured out by 

3 thy lips ; for this cause God hath blessed thee forever. Gird 

4 thy sword on thy thigh, thou Mighty ! To thy comeliness 
and thy beauty give energy, and prosper and reign, for truth, 
meekness and justice's sake ; and let thine own right hand mar- 

5 vellously conduct thee. Thine arrows are sharpened, Mighty 
one, nations shall fall under thee ; they are in the heart of the 


6 king's enemies. Thy throne, God, is forever and ever ; the 

7 sceptre of thy kingdom is a sceptre of rectitude. Thou didst 
love righteousness and hate iniquity, therefore God, thy God 

8 anointed thee with the oil of joy above thy associates. There 
is myrrh and stacte and casia for thy garments — for the ivory 

9 state rooms from which kings' daughters gladdened thee. In 
honour of thee the queen stood on thy right hand, arrayed in 

10 robes of gold and embroidery. Hear, daughter, and behold, 
and incline thine ear, and forget thy people and thy father's 

1 1 house. Because the king is enamoured of thy beauty — because 

12 he is thy Lord; when the daughters of Tyre bow down to him 
with gifts, the richest people of the land will supplicate thy fa- 

13 vour. All this honour is for the daughter of the king of Hese- 
bon herself, she is surrounded with chain works of gold, and 

14 embroidery. The virgins in her train shall be introduced to the 
king. They who are related to her shall be introduced to thee. 

15 They shall be introduced with gladness and rejoicing — They 

16 shall be brought to the temple of the king. Instead of thy fa- 
thers, sons are born to thee ; these thou shalt make princes over 

17 all the land. They shall cause thy name to be remembered in 
all ages, therefore nations shall praise thee forever. 


At the conclusion. For the sons of Korc. A Psalm concerning hid- 
den things. 

1 GOD is our refuge and strength ; our helper in the trou- 

2 bles which often befal us. Therefore we will not be dismayed, 
though the earth be shaken, and mountains be hurled to the 

3 midst of seas. Their waters roared and were troubled. By his 

4 power the mountains were convulsed. The swelling streams 
of this river gladden the city of God : the Most High hath hal- 

5 lowed his own dwelling : God is in the midst of it ; it cannot 
(J be shaken ; God by his presence Avill support it. The nations 

were troubled, kingdoms tottered ; he uttered his voice, the 

7 earth was shaken. The Lord of armies is with us ; our helper 

8 is the God of Jacob. Come and see the works of the Lord — 

9 The wonders which he hath done on the earth : he is making 


wars to cease to the ends of the earth. He will break the bow 
and shiver the lance, and shields he will utterly consume with 

10 fire. Be still and know that I am God : let me be exalted among 

11 the nations, let me be exalted in the earth. The Lord of armies 
is with us, our helper is the God of Jacob. 


For the conclusion. A Psalm for the sons of Kore. 

1 CLAP your hands, all ye nations ; shout to God with a 

2 triumphant voice : for the Lord Most High is awful — a great 

3 king over all the earth. He hath subjected tribes to us, nations 

4 also under our feet. He hath chosen for us his inheritance the 

5 excellency of Jacob which he loved. God ascended at the tri- 
(3 umphant shout — the Lord, at the trumpet's sounding. O sing 

praises to our God ; sing praises. Sing praises to our king ; 

7 sing praises. Since God is king of the whole earth ; sing 

8 praises with understanding. God hath commenced his reign 

9 over the nations : God is seated on his holy throne. The heads 
of families assembled with the God of Abraham. Because the 
mighties of the land belong to God, they have been exceed- 
ingly exalted. 


The Psalm of an Ode for the sons of Kore, on the second day 

of the week. 

1 THE Lord is great and greatly to be praised ; in the city 

2 of our God — on his holy mountain. To the great joy of the 
whole earth, he is establishing firmly Sion's mountains. On 

3 the sides to the north is the city of the great king. God is 

4 known in its palaces, when he undertaketh its defence. For lo ! 

5 the kings of the land assembled — they came together. Having 
taken a view they were so astonished; they were frightened, 

6 they were shaken : a trembling seized them : pangs were there 

7 as of a woman in travail. With a tempestuous blast thou wilt 
dash to pieces the ships of Tarsish. As we have heard, so 

8 have we seen ; at the city of the Lord of armies— at the city 


9 of our God. God hath established it forever. We waited, 

10 God, for thy mercy, in the midst of thy people. According to 
thy name, God; so be thy praise to the ends of the earth. 

11 Thy right hand is full of righteousness. Let mount Sion be 
gladdened : and let the daughters of Judea exult for joy ; be- 

12 cause of thy judgments, Lord. Go round Sion, and encom- 

13 pass it : make proclamation in the towers thereof; mark with 
attention its strength ; and take a distinct view of its palaces : 

14 that you may tell another generation, that he is our God for- 
ever and ever. He will tend us as a shepherd for evermore. 


For the conclusion. A Psalm for the sons of Kore. 

1 HEAE these things, all ye nations; listen attentively, all 
ye inhabitants of the world ! both ye of lowest rank, and heads 

3 of families ; both rich and poor together. My mouth shall 
speak wisdom; and the meditation of my heart understand- 

4 ing. I will incline mine ear to a parable : with a psaltery I will 

5 unfold my problem. Why am I terrified in an evil clay ? TJic 

6 iniquity at my heel will surround me. Some put confidence in 
their power : and some boast of the abundance of their wealth. 

7 A brother is not redeemed. Is a man to redeem himself ? He 

8 cannot give to God an atonement for himself; and the price 

9 for the redemption of his life : Though he laboured for the 
age that he may live to the end. Shall he therefore not see cor- 

10 ruption ? When he seeth the wise dying ; together the foolish 
and senseless shall perish. And they shall leave their wealth 

11 to others, (a) But their graves shall be their houses forever — 
their dwelling places to all generations. On these parcels of 

12 earth, they have put their names, (b) When a man, who is in 
honour, hath not understanding : he hath been compared to 

13 the brute beasts and is like them — this very way of theirs was 
to them a stumbling block; and after this shall it with their 

14 mouth be praised ? They are pent up like sheep in the man- 
sion of the dead : death shall feed them and the early watches 
will rule over them : and that help of theirs from their glory, 

15 shall in the mansion of the dead become obsolete. But God 


will redeem my soul from the power of that mansion when it 

16 receiveth me. Fear not when a man groweth rich, nor when the 

17 glory of his house is increased. For when he dieth he can carry 
nothing away : nor will this glory of his descend with him. 

18 Because during this life his soul shall be blessed ; let him praise 

19 thee when thou doest him a benefit. He shall go to the gene- 

20 ration of his fathers ; he shall never see light. A man who is 
in honour and hath not understanding, hath been compared to 
the brute beasts, and is like them. 

A Psalm, for Asaph. 

1 THE God of gods, the Lord hath spoken, and summoned 

2 the earth from the rising to the setting of the sun. Out of Sion 

3 the perfection of his comeliness — God in full manifestation, even 
our God will come and will not keep silence. Before him a fire 

4 shall blaze; and around him shall be a mighty tempest. He 
will call to the heaven above and to the earth, to judge his peo- 

5 pie. (rather his saints together to him — them who are in cove- 
(j nant with him touching sacrifices ; and let the heavens declare 

7 his righteousness. " Because God is judge, hear, my people 
and I will speak to thee — Israel and I will testify to thee ! 

8 I am God, thy God I AM. I will not reprove thee for thy sa- 
crifices. And as for thy whole burnt offerings which are con- 

9 tinually before me, I will not take young bulls from thy house, 

1 nor he-goats from thy folds. For all the beasts of the forests 

11 are mine, the cattle on the mountains, and the beeves. I claim 
all the birds of the air ; and to me belong the ripe fruits of the 

12 field. If I were hungry, I would not tell thee ; for the world is 

1 3 mine and the fulness thereof. Do I eat the flesh of bulls ? Or 

14 do I drink the blood of goats ? Sacrifice to God a sacrifice of 

15 praise, and pay thy vows to the Most High. Then call on me 
in the day of trouble; and I will deliver thee and thou shalt 

] 6 praise me." But to the sinner God said, " Why dost thou men- 

17 tion my judgments, or take my covenant in thy mouth? As for 
thee, thou hast hated instruction, and cast my words behind 

18 thy back. When thou sawest a thief, thou didst run with him — 


19 and bast been a partaker with adulterers. Thy mouth hath 
abounded in wickedness, and thy tongue hath framed deceits. 

20 Sitting down thou hast spoken against thy brother, and against 

21 thy mother's son, propagated falsehood. These things thou 
hast done and I was silent. Thou unjustly didst suppose that 
I would be like thyself. I will reprove thee and set things in 

22 order before thee. Now then, consider this, ye who forget God ; 

23 lest he tear you in pieces and there be none to deliver. The 
sacrifice of praise will glorify me ; and this is the way in which 
I will shew him the salvation of God." 


For the conclusion. A Psalm by David, when Nathan the prophet 
came to him after he had gone to Bersabe. 

1 HAVE mercy upon me, God, according to thy great 
compassion : and according to the multitude of thy tender mer- 

2 cies blot out this my crime, wash me thoroughly from this ini- 

3 quity of mine ; and purify me from this my sin. For I acknow- 
ledge my transgression; and my sin is continually before me. 

•± Against thee especially I have sinned; and in thy sight done 
this evil. So that thou must be justified in thine acts, and must 

5 overcome, when thou art judged. For behold I was born in 

6 iniquity ; in sins my mother conceived me : for behold thou 
lovedst truth ; to me thou hadst manifested the obscure and 

7 hidden things of thy wisdom. Sprinkle me with hyssop and I 
shall be purified ; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. 

8 Cause me to hear joy and gladness ; let the bones, which have 

9 been humbled, rejoice. Turn away thy face from my sins ; 

10 and blot out all mine iniquities. Create in me, God, a pure 

11 heart; and renew a right spirit within me. Cast me not away 

12 from thy presence, and take not thy holy spirit from me. Ke- 
store to me the joy of thy salvation ; and support me with a be- 

13 coming spirit, that I may teach transgressors thy ways, and 

14 sinners may turn to thee. Deliver me from blood guiltiness, 
God, the God of my salvation ! That my tongue may with 

15 joy proclaim thy forgiving mercy. Lord, open my lips, that 

16 my mouth may proclaim thy praise. Hadst thou desired sacri- 
fice, I would have given it. In whole burnt offerings thou wilt 


17 not take delight. The sacrifice for God is a contrite spirit. A 
broken and an humble heart, thou, God, wilt not despise. 

18 Deal favourably, O Lord, in thy good pleasure, with Sion. 

19 And let the walls of Jerusalem be builded. Then wilt thou be 
pleased with a sacrifice of righteousness as an offering, and on 
thine altar young bulls shall then be offered up as whole burnt 


For the conclusion. On understanding. By David, when Dock the 
Idumean came and told Saul and said to him, David went to Abi- 
melech's house. 

1 WHY boastest thou in mischief, mighty man of iniqui- 

2 ty ? All the day long he devised injustice. Thy tongue is like a 

3 sharp razor : thou hast practised deceit. Thou hast loved evil 

4 more than good — lying more than speaking the truth. Thou hast 
loved all the decrees of destruction — a tongue practised in de- 

5 ceit. For this cause God will utterly destroy thee — tear thee up 
and hurl thee from thy dwelling ; even thy rooted stock out 

6 of the land of the living. The righteous will see indeed and 

7 be afraid. And they will laugh at him and say, Behold the man 
who made not God his strength : and trusted in the abundance 

8 of his wealth ; and strengthened himself in his vanity ! As for 
me, I shall be like a fruitful olive tree in the house of God. I 
have trusted in the mercy of God for this age and for the age 

9 of the ages. I will praise thee for this age because thou hast 
made it ; and wait for thy name, because it is good in the sight 
of thy saints. 


For the conclusion. Upon Maelath. Of understanding. By David. 

1 THE fool said in his heart, There is no God. They have 
corrupted themselves and are become abominable by iniquities, 

2 there is none who doeth good. God looked down from heaven 
on the children of men to see if any had understanding or were 

3 seeking God. They had all turned aside : they are all together 

4 become vile. There is none doing good : no not one. They will 


not bethink themselves, they are all working iniquity, they are 
eating up my people as they do bread ? They have not called 

5 upon God. They were seized with terror on the spot where 
there was no fear ; because God had scattered the bones of 
men pleasers. They were put to shame because God despised 

6 them. O that he would for Sion's sake grant safety to Israel ! 
When the Lord hath brought back the captivity of his people 
Jacob will rejoice and Israel will be glad. 


For the conclusion. Among the Hymns on understanding. By 
David, when the Ziphites came and said to Saul, Behold is not 
David hid among us. 

1 SAVE me, God, by thy name; and judge me by thy 

2 power. God, hearken to my prayer. Give ear to the words 

3 of my mouth. For strangers have risen up against me ; and 
men of power have sought my life. They have not set God 

4 before them. Behold God is my helper. The Lord is the pro- 

5 tector of my life. He will turn these evils on mine enemies. 

6 Destroy thou them in thy truth. With free will offerings I will 
sacrifice to thee : I will praise thy name, Lord ; for it is 

7 good : because thou hast delivered me from all affliction ; and 
among mine enemies mine eye hath looked on. 


For the conclusion. Among the Hymns on understanding. 
By David. 

1 GIVE ear, God, to my prayer ; and overlook not my 

2 supplication. Attend to me and hear me. I have mourned in 

3 my meditation and am troubled : because of the voice of an 
enemy and because of the oppression of a sinner. Because 
upon me they cast iniquity and boiled with malice against 

4 me ; my heart within me was troubled ; and the terror of death 

5 fell upon me. Fear and trembling came against me ; and a 

6 dark gloom overwhelmed me. So that I said, that I had 

vol. it. C c 


wings like those of a dove; that I might fly away and be at 

7 rest. Behold I had removed far away, as a fugitive, and taken 

8 up my lodging in the wilderness. I waited for him who deli- 

9 vereth me from distress and a furious tempest. Confound, O 
Lord, and divide their tongues, For I saw iniquity and con- 

10 tradiction in the city. Day and night shall transgression go 
round it on its walls and trouble be in the midst of it, and in- 

11 justice ? Usury and, fraud have not departed from its streets. 

12 Had an enemy reproached me I could have borne it. And had 
the man who hated me magnified himself against me, I could 

13 have hid myself from him. But thou, man, my second self, 

14 my guide, mine intimate friend ! Who being with me didst 
sweeten my repasts ! In the house of God, Ave walked in una- 

15 nimity — Let death come upon them ; Let them go down alive 
to the mansion of the dead : because there was wickedness in 

16 their dwellings — in the midst of them. As for me, I cried to 

17 God, and the Lord heard me. Evening and morning and 
at noon I will declare and proclaim ; and he will hearken to my 

18 voice. He will deliver my soul in peace from them who come 

19 near me. Because they among many were with me ; God who 
existeth before the ages will hear and afflict them. For there is 

20 no redemption for them. They indeed did not fear God : he 
hath stretched forth his hand with retribution. They profaned 

21 and broke his covenant : they were scattered by the indigna- 
tion of his countenance. When his heart was near, his words 

22 were smoother than oil. Now they are daggers. Cast thy care 
on the Lord, and he will sustain thee. He will never suffer the 

23 righteous to be shaken. But thou, O God, wilt drag them 
down to the pit of destruction. Bloody and deceitful men shall 
not live half their days. But as for me I will trust in thee, 


For the conclusion. For people far removed from the Holies. By 
David for a monumental inscription, when the Philistines had 
him in their power at Geth. 

1 PITY me, God, for a man hath trodden me down. Fight- 

2 ing all the day long he hath afflicted me. Mine enemies have 


trodden me down the whole day, with the day in their favour. 

3 Because they who fight against me are many, let them be con- 

4 founded. But let me trust in thee : to God let me commend 
my words. In God I have trusted all the day long : I will not 

5 fear what flesh can do to me. All the day long they spurned 
my words: all their thoughts were against me for mischief. 

6 Some are to dwell near and hide themselves : some are to 

7 watch my footsteps. As I have suffered this for my life, thou 
wilt on no account save them. In thine indignation thou wilt 

8 cast down peoples. God, to thee I have unfolded my life : 
thou hast placed my tears before thee. According to thy pro- 

9 mise mine enemies shall turn back ; on the day when I invoke 

10 thee. Behold I know that thou art my God. For God let me 
approve the decree : for the Lord let me approve the word. 

11 In God I have put my trust; I will not fear what man can do 

12 to me. On me, God, are the vows of thy praise, which 

13 I will pay : because thou hast delivered my soul from death ; 
and my feet from falling : that I may worship acceptably be- 
fore God ; in the light of the living. — 


For the conclusion. Destroy not. By David for a monumental 
inscription, when he fled to the cave from the presence of Saul. 

1 BE merciful to me, O God; be merciful to me. For in 
thee my soul hath trusted : and in the shadow of thy wings I 

2 will put my trust, until this iniquity pass away. I will cry to 

3 God the Most high ; to God who to me hath been kind. He 
sent from heaven and saved me. He delivered up to reproach 

4 them who were treading me down. God sent forth his mercy 
and his truth ; and delivered my soul from the midst of lions. 
I laid me down to sleep, troubled as I was. As for the sons of 
men, their teeth are weapons and darts; and their tongue is 

5 a sharp sword. Be thou, God, exalted above the heavens ; 

6 and thy glory over all the earth. They had prepared snares 
for my feet ; and had caused my soul to bow down. They 
dug a pit before me : but into it they themselves have fallen . 

7 My heart is prepared, God ; my heart is prepared I will 


8 sing and to vocal join instrumental musick. Awake my glory 
— awake psaltery and kithara: I myself will awake early. I 

9 will praise thee, Lord, among peoples: among nations I 

10 will hymn thy praise. For thy mercy is magnified up to hea- 

1 1 ven and thy truth up to the clouds. Be thou, God, exalted 
above the heavens, and thy glory over all the earth. 


For the conclusion. Destroy not. By David, for a monumental 


1 DO you indeed speak righteousness? Do you judge up- 

2 rightly, sons of men? In heart, indeed, you are working 

3 iniquity in the land : your hands are weaving injustice. From 
the womb the wicked are in a state of alienation, they have 

4 gone astray from their birth — they spoke lies. They have a 
venom like that of a serpent — like that of a deaf adder which 

5 stoppeth its ears ; which will not hearken to the voice of charm- 

6 ers; nor to the charm administered by the wise. God hath 
broken their teeth in their mouth : the Lord hath broken the 

7 lion's grinders. They shall be despised like water passing by. 

8 He will bend his bow till they be weakened. Like melting 
wax they shall be dissolved. A fire fell and they saw not the 

9 sun. Before your bramble bush can make its prickles felt; it 
10 will devour you as it were alive, as with wrath. The righte- 
ous will rejoice when he seeth the punishment of the wicked ; 
he will wash his hands in the blood of the sinner. And man 
will say, Since there is indeed a reward for the righteous, 
there is a God who judgeth those on the earth. 


For the conclusion. Destroy not. By David, for a monumental 
inscription, when Saul sent and watched his house in order to 
put him to death. 

1 DELIVEE me, God, from mine enemies: and redeem 

2 me from them who rise up against me. Deliver me from them 


who work iniquity; and save me from blood thirsty men. 

3 For behold they have hunted my life: the mighty are set 
against me : though there is no transgression — no sin, Lord, 

4 in me. Without transgression I ran and kept a straight course ; 

5 awake to meet me and behold. Do thou, Lord, the God of 
hosts, the God of Israel ! attend to visit all the nations : shew no 

6 mercy to any workers of iniquity. They are to return at even- 

7 ing ; and suffer hunger like a dog, and go round the city. Behold 
they are to speak oraculously with their mouth; and have a 

8 sword in their lips ; For who heard ? But thou, Lord, wilt 
laugh them to scorn. Thou canst set at nought all the nations. 

9 My strength is with thee : I will keep watch : for thou, God, 

10 art my supporter. My God will cause his mercy to go before me : 

11 my God will display it to me among mine enemies. Slay them 
not. Perhaps they may have forgotten thy law. Scatter them 
with thy power; and bring them back, Lord, my defender. 

12 Let them be but arrested in their pride; the destructions at- 
tendant on their oath and falsehood, will shew the sin of their 

13 mouth, the word of their lips. Under destructive wrath they 
cannot subsist. Let them know that the God of Jacob ruleth 

14 over the ends of the earth. They are to return at evening and 

15 suffer hunger like a dog and go round the city. Let them dis- 
perse, that they may eat ; and if they are not satisfied, let them 

16 murmur. But I will sing of thy power; and in the morning 
exult in thy mercy : because thou wast my supporter, and my 

17 refuge in the day of my affliction. Thou art my helper; to 
thee, my God, I will sing ; thou art my supporter, my God, 
my comfort. 


For the conclusion. For those wlio are still to be changed. For a 
monumental inscription. By David, for instruction, when he had 
burned Syrian Mesopotamia, and Syrian Sobal ; and Joab had 
returned, when he smote in the valley of Salt, hoelve thousand. 

1 GOD, thou didst cast us off and destroy us; thou wast 

2 angry, but hast had compassion on us. Thou hast shaken the 
land and troubled it. Heal the breaches of it ; for it hath been 

3 shaken. Thou hast shewn thy people hard things; thou hast 


4 made us drink the wine of astonishment. Thou hast given to 
them who fear thee, a signal to flee from the face of the bow — 

5 that thy beloved may be delivered, save with thy right hand 

6 and hearken to me. God hath spoken in his sanctuary. I shall 
rejoice and divide Sikima, and mete out the valley of tents. 

7 Galaad is mine ; and mine is Manasses : Ephraim is the strength 

8 of my head ; Juda, my king ; Moab is the cauldron of my 
hope. Over Idumea I will extend my march: to me the Phi- 

9 listines are subjected. Who will lead me to the fortified city : 
10 who will guide me to Idumea ? Wilt not thou, God, who 

didst cast us off — wilt not thou, God, go out with our ar- 
il mies? Grant us help, because of affliction; safety from man 
12 is indeed vain. Through God we can exert power, he can 

bring to nothing them who afflict us. 


For the conclusion. Among the Hymns. By David. 

1 HEAK, O God, my supplication : attend to this prayer of 

2 mine. From the extremity of the land, I cried to thee, when 
my heart began to despond : at Petra thou didst raise me up, 

3 and conduct me. Because thou hast been my hope — a strong 

4 tower from the face of a foe ; I shall dwell at thy tabernacle 

5 forever — I shall be sheltered in the covert of thy wings. Be- 
cause thou, O God, hast heard my prayer — hast given a pos- 

6 session to them who fear thy name ; thou wilt add days to the 

7 days of a king, and prolong his years to endless ages ; he will 
continue forever in the presence of God. that every of them 

8 may find out his mercy and truth ! So will I sing to thy name 
forever, that I may, day by day, perform my vows. 


For the conclusion. For Idithun. A Psalm. By David. 

1 SHALL not my soul be subjected to God ? For from him is 

2 my salvation. For my God and my Saviour himself, is my sup- 

3 porter — I shall never any more be shaken. How long will you 


set yourselves against a man ? You are all committing murder, 

4 as with a bended wall and a rampart pushed down. But they 
had determined to pull down my honour. I was fleeing in thirst ; 
with their mouth they blessed, but with their heart they im- 

5 precated curses. But be thou, O my soul, subjected to God : 
6* for from him is mine expectation. Because my God and my 

Saviour himself, is my support ; I shall no more wander as an 

7 exile. In God is my safety and my glory ; he is the God of my 

8 help, and on God is my reliance. Trust in him all ye congre- 
gated people : pour out your hearts before him ; for God is our 

9 helper. But as for the vain sons of men — the lying sons of men ; 

10 Even in an unfair balance they are altogether vanity. Trust 
not in oppression — nor eagerly covet plunder ; if riches flow in, 

11 set not your heart on them. Once God hath spoken ; these two 
things I have heard : That strength belongeth to God, and that 
mercy, Lord, is thine : that thou wilt render to every one 
according to his works 

A Psalm by David, when he teas in the urilderness of Idumea. 

1 GOD, my God ! to approach thee, I rise early. My 
soul thirsted for thee. For thee [I thirst] with all the vehe- 
ment desire with which my flesh pines in a land, desert, track- 

2 less and without water. Thus have I appeared to thee in the 

3 sanctuary ; that I might see thy power and thy glory. Because 
thy kindness is better than life ; my lips shall continually praise 

4 thee. Thus will I bless thee while I live : and in thy name I 

5 will lift up my hands. Let my soul be filled as with marrow 

6 and fatness : that my joyful lips may praise thy name. If I 
recollected thee on my bed : in the morning watches I niedi- 

7 tated on thee. Because thou hast been my helper : therefore in 

8 the shadow of thy wings I will rejoice. My soul hath kept 

9 close to thee: thy right hand hath supported me. But as for 
these who sought my life in vain ; they shall go to the lowest 

10 parts of the earth. They shall be delivered up to the edge of 

11 the sword : they shall be portions for jackals. But the joy of 
the king will be in God. Every one who sweareth by him 


shall glory ; because the mouth of them who speak lies is 


For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 HEAE, God, my prayer when I invoke thee. From the 

2 fear of an enemy deliver my soul. Thou hast sheltered me 
from the conspiracy of wicked men — from the multitude of 

3 them who are working iniquity. They sharpened their tongues 

4 like a sword : they bent a bow, a bitter thing, to shoot secret- 
ly a blameless man: They are to shoot him suddenly and not 

5 be afraid. They strengthened for themselves an evil matter: 

6 they talked of hiding snares, saying, Who can see us ? They 
searched for iniquity : they failed in the search. A man is to 

7 come with a deep heart; and God is to be exalted. Their 
wounds became the dart of infants : when their tongues vili- 

8 fied him. All that saw them were troubled : Then every man 

9 was afraid. Then they rehearsed the works of God ; then they 
10 understood his doings. Let the righteous rejoice in the Lord 

and trust in him : and let all the upright in heart be praised. 


For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. An Ode. 

1 TO thee, O God, a hymn in Sion is seemly: and to thee 

2 a vow should be paid. Hearken to my prayer. To thee all flesh 

3 should come. The acts of transgressors prevailed over us : but 

4 thou canst pardon our sins. Happy he, whom thou hast chosen 

5 and taken to thyself ! He shall dwell in thy courts. Let us be 
satisfied with the good things of thy house : thy temple is holy. 

6 Thou art wonderful for righteousness : hear us O God, our 
Saviour. Thou art the hope of all the ends of the earth : and 
of them at sea far off. Thou establishest the mountains by 

7 thy power : thou art begirt with majesty. Thou causest the 

8 cavity of the sea to rage; the billows thereof to roar. When 
nations are troubled and the inhabitants on its borders terri- 
fied at thy signs ; thou canst make the outgoings of the morn- 


9 ing and evening joyous. Thou hast visited the earth and wa- 
tered it : thou hast multiplied the means of enriching it. The 
river of G-od is full of water : thou hast provided the supply 

10 for it. Because such is thy provision, ! water its furrows 
plenteously : multiply its productions. By these showers on it, 
it will be gladdened; and will give a spring to vegetation. 

11 Bless the crown of the year with thy goodness : and let the 

12 fields be filled with fatness — let the mountains of the wilder- 

13 ness be made fertile ; and the hills be girt with joy. The rams 
of the flocks have clothed themselves : and the valleys abound 
with corn. Let them shout and hymn thy praise. 


For the conclusion. An Ode of a Psalm. On the resurrection. 

1 SHOUT for God in triumphant strains, all ye lands. Sing 

2 harmoniously to his name, ascribe glory to his praise. Say to 

3 God, How awful are thy works ! For the greatness of thy 

4 power, let thine enemies submit to thee. Let all the earth 
worship thee. With music vocal and instrumental let them 
sing to thee — let them sing harmoniously to thy name. 

5 Come and see the works of God ! He is awful in counsels 

6 touching the sons of men. He it is who turned the sea into 
dry land ; that they might march on foot through a flood. 

7 There let us rejoice in him who ruleth by his everlasting pow- 
er. His eyes look down on the nations. Let not the rebellious 
exalt themselves. 

8 ! Bless our God, ye nations ; and cause the sound of 

9 his praise to be heard. He it is who hath kept my soul alive ; 

10 and hath not given my feet to the briny deep. For thou, 

11 God, didst prove us, thou hast tried us as silver is tried. Thou 
didst bring us into the net : thou didst lay affliction on our 

12 back: thou didst mount men over our heads; we have passed 
through fire and water. But thou hast brought us to a place of 

13 rest. I will go to thy house with whole burnt offerings : To 

14 thee I will perform my vows ; which my lips have enjoined ; 

15 and which my mouth spoke in my affliction. To thee I will 
offer whole burnt offerings; full of marrow, with frankincense 
and rams. To thee I will sacrifice bullocks and goats. 

VOL. II. d d 


16 Come, hearken, all ye who fear God, and I will tell you 

17 what he hath done for rny soul. To him I uttered a cry with 
my mouth ; and with my tongue repeated this aloud. 

18 If I have regarded iniquity in my heart ; let not the Lord 

19 hearken. For this cause God hearkened to me : he attended to 

20 the sound of my prayer. Blessed be God who hath not reject- 
ed my prayer ; nor turned away his mercy from me. 


For the conclusion. Among the Hymns. A Psalm by David. 

1 GOD be merciful to us, and bless us ; and may he cause 

2 his face to shine on us. Because of knowing thy way on the 

3 earth, thy salvation among all nations ; let peoples praise thee, 

4 O God, let all peoples praise thee. Let nations be glad and re- 
joice, because thou judgest peoples righteously, and wilt guide 

5 nations on the earth. Let peoples praise thee, O God, let all 

6 peoples praise thee. The earth hath yielded its increase : may 

7 God, our God, bless us ! May God bless us ! And let all the 
ends of the earth fear him. 


For the conclusion. By David. A Psalm of an Ode. 

1 LET God arise and his enemies be scattered ; and let them 

2 who hate him flee before him. As smoke vanisheth, let them 
disappear : as wax melteth before fire, so let sinners perish at 

3 the presence of God. But let them who are righteous rejoice — 
let them shout for joy at the presence of God — let them be 
transported with gladness. 

4 2. Sing to God ; celebrate his name in songs : make way 
for him who is riding westward. His name is the Lord, rejoice 

5 before him. Let them be awed at the presence of him, who is 
the father of the fatherless, and the judge of them who are wi- 

6 dows. God is in a place consecrated to him : God settleth the 
lonely in a family, having brought out with strength them who 
had been bound ; in like manner them who were rebellious — 
them, whose habitation is now in tombs. 


7 3. When thou, God, wentest forth before thy people; 

8 when thou wast marching through the wilderness; the earth 
shook and the heavens dissolved in showers at the presence of 

9 the God of Sina— at the presence of the God of Israel. Thou, 
God, canst assign to thy heritage rain, at pleasure ; when 

10 they were fainty thou didst refresh them. Thine animals dwell 
among them : in thy goodness thou didst provide for the dis- 

11 4. God the Lord will issue an order to them, who publish 

12 good news to the mighty host — the king of the armies of the 
Beloved [to the army] of the Beloved, to divide spoils for beau- 

13 tifying the house. Though you may have slept in kitchens; 
the wings of a dove covered with silver, while its back is spang- 

14 led with yellow gold, shall, when the Almighty scattereth kings 
before it, be white as the snow on Selmon. 

15 5. The mountain of God ! a fertile mountain ! Is a curdled 

16 mountain a fertile mountain ? But why do you suppose curdled 
mountains? This is the mount on which God is pleased to dwell, 
for the Lord will at length dwell there. 

17 6. The chariots of God are innumerable: there are thou- 
sands of happy attendants. The Lord was among them at Sina, 

18 In this holy place having ascended on high thou hast led cap- 
tivity captive ; and received gifts in the manner of man in to- 

19 ken (for some were incredulous) of thy dwelling there. Bless- 
ed be the Lord God ! Blessed be the Lord. Day by day let the 
God of our salvation prosper us ! 

20 7. Our God is the God to save ; and to the Lord belong 

21 the out goings of death. But God will crush the heads of his 
enemies — the hairy head of them who persist in their trespas- 

22 ses. The Lord said, I will bring back from Basan ; I will bring 

23 back through the depths of a sea ; that thy foot may be dip- 
ped in blood — the tongue of thy dogs, in that of his enemies. 

24 8. Thy marches, O God, have been seen — the marches of 

25 my God, my king, in this holy place. The chiefs went before 
next to the band of musick, in the midst of damsels playing 

26 on timbrels, "bless ye God in assemblies— the Lord, ye from 

27 the fountains of Israel!' There was young Benjamin in a rap- 
ture ; there the chiefs of Juda, the leaders ; the chiefs of Zabu- 

28 Ion, the chiefs of Nephthaleim. Command, God, thine army ; 


strengthen this, God, which thou hast established among us. 

29 Because of thy temple at Jerusalem, let kings bring thee gifts. 

30 Kebuke the wild beasts of the reed, that the silvery shoals may 
not be intercepted. Is there an assembly of bulls among the 
heifers of the people ? Scatter the nations which delight in war. 

31 9. Ambassadors shall come from Egypt; Ethiopia shall 

32 stretch out her hands to God. ye kingdoms of the earth, 

33 sing to God— sing to the Lord in harmonious strains ; in har- 
monious strains sing to God, who rode on the eastern heaven 
of heaven. Behold with his voice he will utter a voice of power. 

34 Ascribe ye glory to God. His excellency is over Israel ; and 

35 his power is in the clouds. God is awful among his saints : he 
is the God of Israel. He will give power and strength to his 
people. Blessed be our God ! 


For the conclusion. Respecting them who arc to he changed. 

By David. 

1 SAVE me, God ; for waters have broken in on my soul. 

2 I am sunk down into deep mire, and there is no support be- 
neath. I am come into the depth of the sea, and a tempest hath 

3 overwhelmed me. I am weary with crying ; my throat is hoarse ; 

4 and mine eyes fail while I wait for my God. They who hate 
me without cause are more than the hairs of my head. Mine 
enemies who persecute me wrongfully are become strong. I 
have made compensation on the spot for what I did not take by 

5 violence. Thou, O God, knowest my folly — and my trespas- 

6 ses are not hid from thee. Let not them who wait for thee, 
Lord of hosts, be put to shame on my account. Let not them 
be put to confusion for my sake, who are seeking thee, God 

7 of Israel. Because for thy sake I have borne reproach, confu- 

8 sion hath covered my face. To my brethren I am become an 

9 alien, and a stranger to the children of my mother. For my 
zeal for thy house hath consumed me ; and on me have fallen 

10 the reproaches of them, who reproached thee. When I bowed 
down my soul with fasting; it furnished occasion for reproach- 

11 ing me. When I clothed myself with sackcloth, I became to 


12 them a proverb — they who sat in the gate spoke against me ; 

13 and they who drank wine, made me their song. But to thee, 

Lord, I, in my prayer, applied : it was a time of favour. 
God, in the multitude of thy mercy — in the truth of thy salva- 

14 tion, hearken to me. Save me from mire that I may not sink 
down. Let me he delivered from them who hate me and out 

15 of this depth of waters. Let not a flood of water overwhelm me, 
nor a whirlpool swallow me up, nor a pit shut its mouth up- 

16 on me. Hear me, Lord, for thy loving kindness is good ; 
according to thine abundant mercy, look down upon me. 

17 Turn not away thy face from thy servant ; because I am in 

18 distress, hear me speedily. Draw near to my soul and redeem 

1 9 it ; deliver me, because of mine enemies. For thou knowest my 
reproach, and my shame and my confusion ; all mine ad versa - 

20 ries are before thee. My soul expected reproach and misery. 

1 waited for a condoler, but there was none — for a comforter, 

21 but none could I find. They indeed have given me gall for my 

22 food, and for my thirst, have made me drink vinegar. Let 
their table before them become a snare and a recompence and a 

23 stumbling block. Let their eyes be darkened that they may not 

24 see, and bow down their neck continually. Pour out thine in- 
dignation upon them, and let thy wrathful ire take hold of 

25 them. Let their fold be desolate, and in their dwellings no in- 

26 habitant. Because him, whom thou smotest, they persecuted, 

27 aud have added to the pains of my wounds ; add thou iniquity 
to their iniquity, and let them not come into thy righteousness. 

28 Let them be blotted out of the book of the living, and not 

29 be enrolled with the righteous. I am afflicted — I am full of 
pain ; but the salvation of thy countenance hath upheld me. 

30 I will praise the name of my God with an Ode : I will mag- 

31 nify him with thanksgiving ; this indeed will be more pleasing 

32 to God than a young bull with horns and hoofs. Let the afflict- 
ed behold and rejoice : seek God diligently and you shall live. 

33 For the Lord hath hearkened to the needy, and hath not despis- 

34 ed his prisoners. Let the heavens and the earth praise him — 

35 the sea and all that move therein. For God will save Sion, and 
the cities of Judea shall be rebuilded, and the seed of his ser- 
vants shall dwell there. They shall inherit it and possess it ; 
and they who love his name shall dwell therein. 



For the conclusion. By David. For a memorial, that the Lord 

hath saved me. 

1 GOD, draw near to my assistance : O Lord, make haste 

2 to help me. Let them who seek my life be shamed and con- 
founded ; let them be turned back and put to shame who wish 

3 me evils. Let them who say to me, Ha ! Ha ! be turned back 

4 suddenly, covered with shame. Let all who seek thee exult, 
and rejoice for thee. Let them who love thy salvation, say con- 

5 tinually, Let God be magnified. As for me, I am afflicted and 
needy ; God, assist me. Thou art my help and my deliver- 
er : Lord, make no delay. 


By David. Sung by the children of Jonadab, and the first captives. 

1 IN thee, Lord, I have put my trust : let me never be 

2 put to confusion. In thy saving mercy deliver me and re- 

3 scue me : incline thine ear to me and save me. Be thou to 
me a protecting God, and a place of strength to save me : 

4 for thou art my fortress and my refuge. my God, deli- 
ver me out of a sinner's hand — out of the hand of an un- 

5 righteous and cruel man. For thou, Lord, art mine expec- 

6 tation — thou, Lord, art my hope, from my youth ; upon thee 
I have leaned from the womb : from my birth thou art my pro- 

7 tector ; thou art the constant subject of my song. To many I 

8 became a wonder ; but thou wast my powerful assistant. Let 
my mouth be filled with praise, that I may celebrate thy glory 

9 — thy majesty, all the day long. Cast me not off in the time of 

10 old age : forsake me not when my strength faileth. Because 
mine enemies have said to me — nay, my life guards have con- 

11 suited together, saying, "God hath forsaken him; pursue and 

12 take him, for he hath no deliverer." God, be not far from 

13 me; draw near, my God, to my assistance. Let them who 
plot against my life be confounded, and perish; — let them, 
who seek to do me hurt, be cloathed with shame and confu- 

14 sion. But as for me, I will hope continually; and I will yet 


15 praise thee more and more. My mouth shall proclaim thy sa- 
ving mercy — thy salvation all the day long. Because I am un- 

16 practised in studies I will go in the strength of the Lord ; I will 

17 mention the saving mercy of thee, Lord, alone. Thou, 
God, hast taught me from my youth : and thus far I can de- 

18 clare thy wonders— even to old age and grey hairs. God, 
forsake me not, till I declare thine arm to the rising genera- 

19 tion — thy power and thy righteousness, God most High — 
the great things which thou hast done. Who is like thee, 

20 God? what afflictions many and sore hast thou shewn me ! 
But thou hast returned and quickened me ; and brought me up 

21 again from the depths of the earth. Thou hast multiplied thy 
saving mercy : thou hast returned and comforted me ; and 

22 hast brought me up again from the depths of the earth. There- 
fore with a musical instrument I will praise thee — thy truth, 
O God : I will sing and play on a kithara to thee, the holy one 

23 of Israel. My lips shall rejoice, when I play to thee ; my soul 

24 also which thou hast redeemed. My tongue shall still talk of 
thy saving mercy all the day long, when they, who seek my 
hurt are shamed and confounded. 


For Solomon. 

1 GOD give the king thy judgment ; and thy righteous- 

2 ness to the king's son. That he may judge thy people with 

3 righteousness ; and thy distressed ones with judgment. Let 
the mountains and the hills resume peace for thy people: 

4 Let him judge righteously such of the people as are distress- 
ed ; and save the children of the needy : and humble oppres- 

5 sors : and continue, as long as the sun and moon, through all 

6 generations. Let him descend like rain on a fleece ; and like 

7 showers gently falling on the ground. In his days let right- 
eousness spring up, with abundance of peace, till the moon is 

8 no more. And let him rule from sea to sea ; and from the river 

9 to the limits of the world. Let the Ethiopeans bow down be- 
10 fore him ; and let his enemies lick the dust. Let the kings of 


Tharsis and the isles bring gifts; the kings of the Arabs and 

11 Saba offer presents. Let all the kings pay him homage — all the 

12 nations serve as vassals. Because he delivered the poor from 

13 the oppressor, and the needy who had no helper: he will 
spare the afflicted and needy ; and save the lives of those in 

14 distress — from usury and injustice he will redeem their lives ; 

15 and their name will be precious in his sight : and he shall live, 
and to him shall be given of the gold of Arabia ; and prayer 
shall be made for him continually : and he will be blessed all 

16 the day long. Let there be in the land a settlement on the tops 
of the mountains ; the fruit thereof will overtop Libanus : and 

17 they of a city shall flourish like the grass of the earth. Let his 
name be blessed for ever ! His name shall endure longer than 
the sun : and by him all the tribes of the earth shall be blessed. 

18 All the nations shall hail him happy. Blessed be the Lord the 

19 God of Israel ; who alone doth wonderful things. And blessed 
be his glorious name for ever and ever : and let all the earth be 
filled with his glory. Amen. Amen. 

An intermission of the Hymns of David son of Jessai. 


A Psalm by Asaph. 

1 HOW good is God to Israel ! To such as are upright in 

2 heart ! But as for me, my feet were almost gone : my steps 

3 had well nigh slipped ; for I envied the unrighteous ; when I 

4 saw the prosperity of sinners. For there is no lifting up of eyes 

5 in their death : and in their affliction they have support. They 
are not in trouble like other men; nor with other men to be 

6 scourged. Therefore haughtiness hath got a mastery over 
them — they have clothed themselves with their iniquity and 

7 impiety. Their iniquity springeth up as it were out of fatness ; 

8 they passed on to the purpose of their heart. They thought 
and spoke wickedly — they spoke injustice with a lofty air. 

9 They set their mouth against heaven ; and their tongue passed 
10 on over the earth. Shall my people therefore turn to this; and 


11 will full days be found by them? They indeed said, How 
doth God know? and, Is there any knowledge in the Most 

12 High ? Behold these who are sinful men ; are always prosper- 

13 ous and have gotten wealth. Nay, I myself said, Have I then 
in vain kept my heart just ; and washed my hands in innocen- 

14 cy. All the day long I have been scourged ; and the accusation 

15 against me is renewed every morning. Had I said, I will make 
such a declaration openly: I should have been treacherous to 

16 the generation of thy children. I therefore supposed, the 

17 trouble of knowing this is before me. When I go to the 

18 sanctuary of God ; I may understand the final issue. It is but 
for their frauds thou hast dealt thus with them. Thou hast 

1 9 overthrown them by their exaltation. ! how they were for 
destruction ! They are gone in a moment ! They perished for 

20 their iniquity ! As a dream of one awaked out of sleep. Thou, 

21 Lord, in thy city wilt spurn their ghost ; therefore my heart 

22 was cheered and my reins were changed. I indeed was despi- 
cable for my want of knowledge ; I was brutish as a beast be- 

23 fore thee. As for me I shall be with thee continually : thou hast 

24 held me by my right hand : with thy counsel thou hast guid- 

25 ed me, and taken me to thyself with glory. For what is there 
in heaven for me ; or what on earth have I desired, besides 

26 thee ? Hath my heart and my flesh failed ? God is the strength 

27 of my heart — God is my portion forever. Seeing they who 
withdrew themselves from thee, shall perish — thou hast cut 

28 off every one who goeth a whoring from thee : It is therefore 
good for me to cleave to God — to place my hope upon the 
Lord : that I may publish all thy praises in the gates of the 
daughter of Sion. 


Of understanding. By Asaph. 

1 O GOD, why hast thou utterly cast off? Why is thy wrath 

2 extreme against the sheep of thy pasture? Kemember thy 
congregation which thou hast purchased of old ; this portion 
of thine inheritance which thou hast redeemed ; this mount 

3 Sion on which thou hast dwelt. Lift up thy hands against their 

VOL. II. e e 


perpetual haughtiness ; for all that the enemy hath wickedly 

4 done in thy Holies. They who hate thee have indeed triumph- 
ed : in the midst of thy festival they set up their own signs : 

5 The signs pointing to the entrance above they did not know. 
As if in a forest of trees, they cut down with axes the doors 

6 of that entrance. Then with hatchets and mattocks they broke 

7 it down. They burned thy sanctuary to the ground with fire : 

8 they profaned the habitation of thy name. They said, The 
whole brood of them are in their heart set upon this : come, 
let us cause to cease from the land the festivals of the Lord. 

9 The signs peculiarly ours we do not see : there is no more a 

10 prophet ; nor wil] he any more acknowledge us. How long 
O God, shall the enemy reproach? Shall the adversary blas- 

11 pheme thy name forever? Why dost thou withdraw thy hand? 
Let thy right hand be ever out of thy bosom. 

12 God was indeed our king of old. He wrought deliverance 

13 in the midst of this land. Thou by thy power didst exercise 
dominion over the sea : thou didst crush the heads of the dra- 

14 gons in the water. Thou didst crush the heads of the dragon : 

15 thou gavest him to be meat for the Ethiopean tribes. Thou 
didst cause springs and torrents to burst forth. Thou didst 

16 dry up the rivers of Etham. Thine is the day and the night 

17 is thine : it is thou who preparedst the sun and moon. Thou 
hast made all the borders of the earth : summer and spring 

18 were made by thee. Remember this creation of thine. An 
enemy hath reproached the Lord ; a foolish people hath blas- 

19 phemed thy name. Deliver not up to the wild beasts a soul 
which praiseth thee. Forget not forever the souls of thy afflict- 

20 ed jjeople. Have respect to thy covenant, because the dark 
places of this land have been filled with habitations of ini- 

21 quity ; let not him who hath been humbled and shamed be 
utterly scorned : let the afflicted and needy praise thy name. 

22 Arise, God, plead thine own cause : remember the re- 

23 proaches cast on thee, all day long, by a fool. Forget not the 
voice of thy suppliants : let the pride of them, who hate thee, 
ascend continually before thee. 



For the conclusion. Destroy not. A Psalm of an Ode by Asaph. 

1 (p) LET us praise thee, God ; let us praise and invoke thy 

2 name. Let me proclaim all thy wonderous works. (J) When I find 

3 a suitable time, I execute righteous judgment, (p) The land, with 
all its inhabitants, is wasted. (J) It was I who strengthened the pil- 

4 lars thereof. I ordered the transgressors not to transgress, and 

5 said to sinners, Exalt not a horn. Lift not up your horn on 

6 high ; speak not iniquity against God. For it is neither from 

7 east nor from west, nor is it from desart mountains ; for God 

8 is judge ; — he humbleth one and he exalteth another. For in 
the hand of the Lord there is a cup, filled with mixed wine of 
horror ; and out of this he hath poured into that : but the dregs 
of it are not emptied out ; all the sinners of the land shall drink 

9 it. (p) Let me then exult with joy forever, and tune my lyre for 
the God of Jacob. (J) I will break all the horns of sinners, but 
the horn of the righteous shall be exalted. 


For the conclusion with hymns. A Psalm by Asaph. An Ode on 

the Assyrians. 

1 IN Judea, God is known ; his name is great in Israel. His 

2 place was in Firene ; and his dwelling is on Sion. There he 

3 broke the strong bows, armour, and sword and battle. 

4 From everlasting mountains, thou shinest marvellously ; 

5 all the foolish hearted, were struck with consternation. All 
those mighty men have slept their sleep, and found nothing 

6 of their wealth for their hands. At thy rebuke, God of Jacob, 

7 they who had mounted their horses fell fast asleep. Thou art 
terrible ; who therefore can withstand thee, on the account of 

8 thine indignation. From heaven thou didst cause the sentence to 

9 be heard ; the earth was terrified and was still : when God arose 

(p) The Prophet. (J) Jehovah. 


10 for judgment, to save all the meek in heart. Since the secret 
purpose of man can contribute to thy praise, let the remainder 

11 of it cause a festival to be celebrated for thee. Yow and pay 
your vows to the Lord our God : let all around him bring 

12 gifts to him who is awful — to him who taketh away the spirits 
of chiefs— to him who is terrible to the kings of the earth. 


For the conclusion. For Idithun. A Psalm by Asaph. 

1 WITH my voice I cried to the Lord, and my voice was to 

2 God, and he hearkened to me. In the day of my affliction I 
sought God with my hands in the night before him ; and I was 

3 not disappointed. My soul had refused to be comforted ; I re- 
membered God and was made glad — I meditated, though my 

4 spirit was in despondency. All mine enemies had previously 

5 mounted guard ; I was troubled and did not speak. I consider- 
ed the days of old : I recollected the years of ancient times ; 

6 I meditated at night — I conversed with my heart — I searched 

7 my spirit diligently. Will the Lord cast off forever, and will he 

8 no more be favourable? Will he entirely cut off mercy, from 

9 generation to generation? Will God forget to be gracious? 
Will he in his anger restrain his compassion ? 

10 Then I said, I have now made a beginning; this is the 

11 change of the right hand of the Most High. I called to re- 
membrance the works of the Lord. Seeing I can remember 

12 thy wonders of old : let me therefore meditate on all thy works, 

13 and muse on thine institutions. God, thy way is in that 

14 which is holy ; what God is great as our God ? Thou art the 
God who worketh miracles : thou hast made thy power known 

15 among the tribes. With thine arm thou didst redeem this peo- 

16 pie of thine— the children of Jacob and Joseph. The waters 
saw thee, God ! — the waters saw thee and were terrified, 

17 and the deep gulphs were troubled. Great was the roaring of 
the waters ; the clouds uttered a sound : for thy bolts were 

18 passing through them. The sound of thy thunder was in the 
round expanse : thy lightnings illumed the world ; the earth 

19 shook and trembled. Thy way was through the sea, and thy 


paths through many waters ; but thy footsteps could not be 
known. Thou leddest thy people like a flock : by the ministry 
of Moses and Aaron. 


On understanding. By Asaph. 

1 ATTEND, my people, to my law; incline your ears to the 

2 words of my mouth. I will open my mouth with parables — I 

3 will utter dark sayings of old ; — such as we have heard and 

4 known, which our fathers have related to us. They were not 
hid from their children : one generation told another the 
praises of the Lord, his acts of power, and the wonders which 

5 he hath done. Thus he raised up a testimony in Jacob, and esta- 
blished a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers to make 

6 known to their children : that the succeeding generation — the 
children to be born, might know it, and rise and tell the same 

7 to their children : that they might put their trust in God, and 
not forget the works of God, but seek diligently his command- 

8 ments — that they might not be like their fathers — a perverse 
and rebellious generation — a generation which set not their 
hearts aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God. 

9 The sons of Ephraim, who bend and shoot the bow, were 

10 turned back in the day of battle. They did not keep the cove- 

11 nant of God, and would not walk in his law. They indeed 
forgot his acts of kindness — those wonders of his which he 

12 had shewn them — wonders which he did in the sight of their 

13 fathers : in the land of Egypt, in the plain of Tanis. He had 
cleft the sea and led them through it ; he had stayed the waters 

14 as in a bottle. He had led them with a cloud by day, and all the 

15 night long with a light of fire ; he had cleft a rock in the wil- 

16 derness, and given them drink as from a great abyss; he had 
brought water out of a rock, and caused streams to flow down 

17 like rivers : But still they proceeded to sin against him — they 

18 provoked the Most High in a desert. Still they made trial of 
God in their hearts, by asking for meats to their appetites. 

1 9 Nay, they spoke against God and said, " Can God provide a 

20 table in a desert ? When he smote a rock, waters gushed out, 
and streams swelled to an overflowing flood. But can He also 

21 give bread, or provide a table for his people ? " Therefore the 


Lord heard and was provoked ; and a fire was kindled among 

22 Jacob ; and wrath came up against Israel. Because they believ- 
ed not in God, nor trusted in his salvation. 

23 Though he had commanded the clouds above, and had 

24 opened the doors of heaven, and had rained down manna for 

25 them to eat, and had given them the bread of heaven, (Man 
was eating the bread of angels) he sent meat for them to sa- 

26 tiety. He removed the south east wind out of heaven, and by 

27 his power brought on the south west : and rained upon them 
flesh, like dust : and feathered fowls as the sand of the sea ; 

28 they fell in the midst of their encampment, and all around their 

29 habitation. Though they ate and were filled abundantly, and 

30 he had given them their desire ; their longing desire was not 

31 stayed ; therefore while the meat was still in their mouth, the 
anger of God came up against them, and slew them amidst 
their fat viands, and fettered the chosen men of Israel. 

32 Notwithstanding all these things they still sinned, and did 

33 not believe his wonderous works ; therefore their days glided 
away in vanity, and their years were attended with impatience. 

34 When he smote them and they sought him, and returned and 

35 inquired early after God, and remembered that God was their 

36 helper, and that God the Most High was their redeemer ; though 
they expressed love for him with their mouth, they lied to him 

37 with their tongue, and their heart was not right with him, nor 

38 were they stedfast in his covenant. But he being merciful for- 
gave their sins, and would not utterly destroy them. Yea, many 
a time did he turn away his wrath, and would not suffer all his 

39 wrath to blaze forth ; for he remembered that they were flesh — 
a breath going out and not again returning. 

40 How often did they provoke him in the wilderness, and 

41 excite him to anger in the desert ? They actually turned back 
and tempted God, and provoked to wrath the holy One of Is- 

42 rael. They remembered not his hand, on the day when he res- 

43 cued them out of the hand of an oppressor ; how he had dis- 
played his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the plain of Ta- 

44 nis; and had turned their rivers into blood, and their cisterns 

45 so that they could not drink — had sent against them the dog fly 
which devoured them, and swarms of frogs which destroyed 

46 them ; and had given their crops to the canker worm, and their. 


47 labours to the locust — had smitten their vineyards with hail, 

48 and their sycamine trees with frost ; and delivered up their cat- 

49 tie to hail, and their substance to the fire — having sent out 
against them his fierce anger, wrath and indignation and afflic- 

50 tion — a mission executed by evil angels : he paved a way for 
his vengeance — he spared not their lives from death : he deli- 

51 vered up their cattle to pestilence, and smote every first born 
in the land of Egypt — the first fruits of their labours in the tents 

52 of Cham ; and brought out his people like sheep, and led them 

53 like a flock in the desert, and guided them safely, so that they 
were not afraid, though the sea overwhelmed their enemies ; 

54 and brought them to the mount of his holiness — to this raoun- 
oo tain which his right hand purchased ; and drove out nations 

from before them, and gave them by lot their several portions, 
and settled in their dwellings the tribes of Israel. 
06 Still they tempted and provoked God the Most High, and 

57 did not keep his testimonies ; but turned back and broke co- 
venant like their fathers. They turned aside like a deceitful 

58 bow. They provoked him with their mounts, and with their 

59 graven images moved him to jealousy. God heard and despised 

60 them and greatly contemned Israel, and he abandoned the ta- 
bernacle of Selom — the tent in which he had dwelt among men ; 

61 and delivered up their strength to captivity, and their glory in- 

62 to an enemy's hand ; and gave up his people to the sword, and 

63 slighted his inheritance. A fire consumed their young men, 

64 and their virgins made no lamentation. Their priests fell by 
the sword and their widows are not to bewail them. 

65 At length the Lord awaked as one out of sleep, as a mighty 

66 man recovered from wine ; and he smote his enemies in the 

67 hinder parts, and cast an everlasting reproach on them. But he 
rejected the habitation of Joseph, and did not chuse the tribe 

6S of Ephraim ; but made choice of the tribe of Juda— of this 

69 mount Sion which he loved, and built his sanctuary like that 

70 of unicorns ; in this land he founded it for this age, and he 
chose David his servant and took him from the flocks of sheep 

71 — he took them from tending the ewes with young to feed his 

72 servant Jacob and Israel his inheritance. And he fed them in 
the integrity of his heart, and guided them by the skill of his 



A Psalm by Asaph. 

1 GOD, nations are come into thine inheritance : they have 
polluted thy holy temple. They have made Jerusalem a de- 

2 pository for summer fruits. They have given the carcasses of 
thy servants to be meat for the birds of the air— the flesh of thy 

3 saints, to the wild beasts of the earth. They have poured out 
their blood like water round Jerusalem ; and there was none 

4 to bury them. We are become a reproach to our neighbours — 

5 A scoff and a derision to them around us. How long, Lord, 
wilt thou be angry ? Shall thy jealousy burn like fire forever ? 

6 Pour out thy wrath on the nations that have not acknowledged 
thee; and on kingdoms which have not invoked thy name. 

7 For they have devoured Jacob, and laid waste this place of 

8 his. Remember not our former iniquities : let thy tender mer- 

9 cies overtake us speedily : as we are greatly distressed ; help 
us, God, our saviour : for thy glory of thy name deliver us ; 

10 and pardon our sins for thy name's sake. Perhaps they may 
say among the nations, Where is their God? Let therefore 
the avengement of the blood of thy servants, which hath been 

11 shed ; be known among the nations in our sight. Let the 
groans of the prisoners come before thee. According to the 
mighty power of thine arm ; protect the children of them who 

12 are slain. Retribute to these neighbours of ours— into their 
bosom seven fold; their reproach, with which they have re- 

13 proached thee, Lord. For we are thy people and the sheep 
of thy pasture : to thee we will render thanks forever : we 
will proclaim thy praise to all generations. 


For the conclusion. Respecting them who cere to be changed. A 
testimony. By Asaph. A Psalm respecting the Assyrian. 

1 GIVE ear, O shepherd of Israel ! Who leadest Joseph like 

2 a flock— thou who art enthroned on the cherubim ; shine forth 
before Ephraim and Benjamin and Manasses : stir up thy 


3 strength and come for our salvation. Turn us, God ; and 

4 let thy face shine ; and we shall be saved. Lord, the God 
of hosts ! How long wilt thou continue thine anger, against 

5 the prayer of this servant of thine ? How long wilt thou feed 
us with bread of tears ; and give us tears to drink by measure ? 

6* Thou hast made us a mocking stock to our neighbours : and 

7 our enemies have derided us. Lord, the God of hosts, 
bring us back ; and let thy face shine and we shall be saved. 

8 Thou has brought a vine out of Egypt : thou hast cast out 

9 nations and planted it. Thou didst prepare the way before it ; 

10 and plant its roots and the land was filled : and its shade 
obscured mountains : and its branchy shoots, the cedars of 

11 God. It extended its branches quite to the sea ; and its spread- 

12 ing boughs quite to the river. Why hast thou broken down 

13 its hedge ; that all who pass by the way, may pluck it ? The 
boar from the forest hath laid it waste ; and a savage beast 

14 hath devoured it. God of hosts, return we beseech thee ; 

15 look down from heaven and see and visit this vine : and re- 
pair that which thy right hand hath planted — even for the son 

16 of man, whom thou madest strong for thyself. It is burned 
up with fire and rooted up. At the rebuke of thy countenance 

17 are they to perish ? let thy hand be on the man of thy right 
hand — on the son of man whom thou hast made strong for 

18 thyself: and let us not depart from thee. Thou canst quick- 

19 en us that we may invoke thy name. Lord, the God of 
hosts, bring us back : and let thy face shine and we shall be 


For the conclusion. On the wine presses. A Psalm by Asaph. 

1 EXULT with joy for God our helper ! Shout triumphant- 

2 ly for the God of Jacob ! Take a psalm and bring a tympa- 

3 num — the sweet sounding psaltery with a kithara. Sound the 

4 trumpet at the new moon — at the set day of your festival. For 
it is a statute for Israel — a rite established by the God of Ja- 

5 cob— as a testimony for Joseph ; it pointed him out at the time 
of his coming out of the land of Egypt ; he caused him to hear 

6 a tongue which he knew not : he removed his back from bur- 
dens. His hands served at the basket. 

VOL. II. f f 


7 (J) " In affliction thou didst call upon me, and I delivered 
thee. I heard thee in the secret of a tempest. I proved thee at 

8 the water of strife. Hear my people and I will speak to 
thee. O Israel, and I will testify to thee. If thou wilt hearken 

9 to me, with thee there must be no new fangled god : nor 

10 shalt thou worship a strange god, for I am the Lord thy God ; 

11 who brought thee up from the land of Egypt. Open thy mouth 
wide and I will fill it. But my people did not hearken to my 

12 voice ; nor did Israel attend to me. Therefore I gave them up 

13 to the devices of their own hearts. Let them walk in their own 

14 devices. Had my people hearkened to me — had Israel walked 
in my ways : I would have effectually humbled their enemies ; 

15 and laid my hand on those who afflicted them. The enemies of 

16 the Lord should have submitted to him ; and their time would 
have been forever : and he would have fed them with the finest 
wheat ; and satisfied them with honey from a rock." 


A Psalm by Asaph. 

1 GOD standeth in the assembly of gods and in the midst 

2 he judgeth gods. (J) How long will you judge unjustly ; and re- 

3 spect the persons of sinners ? Do justice to the fatherless and 

4 the afflicted ; Justify the lowly and the needy. Eescue the 

5 needy and deliver the afflicted out of the sinner's hand. They 
did not know; nor did they understand. They walked on in 

6 darkness. All the foundations of the land shall be shaken. I 

7 said you are gods ; and all sons of the Most High : but you 

8 shall die like men ; and fall like one of the chiefs, (p) Arise, 
God, judge the land thyself: for thou shalt inherit all the 


An Ode of a Psalm by Asaph. 

1 GOD, who can be compared to thee ? Keep not silence 

2 nor be still, God. For lo ! thine enemies are become noisy ; 

3 and they who hate thee have raised their heads. Against thy 
people they have taken crafty counsel. And consulted against 

(J) Jehovah (p) the prophet or psalmist. 


4 thy holies. Coine, said they, let us cut them off from being a 
nation : and let the name of Israel be no more remembered. 

5 For with this intent they consulted in concert. Against thee 

6 have entered into conspiracy the hordes of the Idumeans and 

7 the Isrnaelites, Moab and the Agarenians ; Gebal and Ammon 
and Amalek, and the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre. 

8 Assur also is joined with them : they are come to the assistance 

9 of the children of Lot. Do thou to them as to Madiani and 

10 Sisara : as to Jabin at the brook of Kison. They were utterly 
cut off at Aendor: they became as dung for the ground; 

11 make their chiefs like Oreb and Zeb — all their chiefs like Ze- 

12 bee and Salmana. They said, Let us possess ourselves of the 

13 altar of God. my God make them like a whirl — like stub- 

14 ble opposed to wind. As fire blazeth through a forest — as a 

15 spark can set mountains on fire : so thou with thy tempest 

16 wilt pursue them, and trouble them with thy wrath. Fill their 
faces with dishonour: that they may seek thy name, Lord. 

17 Let them be shamed and troubled forever: let them be put 

18 to confusion and perish : and let them know that thy name is 
the Lord — that thou alone art the Most High over all the 


For the conclusion. A Psalm for the wine presses. For the sons of 


1 LORD of hosts, how lovely are thine abodes ! my soul 

2 longeth, it panteth for the courts of the Lord. My heart and 

3 my flesh exulted for the living God. For a sparrow hath found 
for itself a house : and a ring-dove a nest for itself, where to 
place its young— [Even I] these altars of thine, Lord of 

4 hosts. my king and my God, happy they who dwell in thy 

5 house ; they shall forever praise thee. Happy the man, whose 
support is from thee, Lord ! he hath laid up in his heart 

6 steps for this mournful vale, to the place on which he hath 

7 fixed ; for the lawgiver will indeed give blessings. They shall 
go on from strength to strength : the God of Gods will be seen 

8 in Sion. Lord, the God of hosts, hear my prayer ; hearken 

9 to it, God of Jacob. God, our shield behold : look down 


10 on the face of thine Anointed. Because one day in thy courts is 
better than a thousand ; I had rather be in an abject state in 

11 the house of God, than dwell in the tents of sinners. Because 
the Lord loveth mercy and truth ; God will give grace and glo- 
ry : the Lord will not withhold good things from them who 

12 walk in innocence. O Lord of hosts ! happy is the man whose 
trust is in thee. 


For the conclusion. A Psalm for the sons of Kore. 

1 LORD, thou hast favoured this land of thine : thou 

2 hast brought back the captivity of Jacob. Thou hast forgiven 
thy people their iniquities : thou hast covered all their sins. 

3 Thou hast caused all thine anger to cease : thou hast turned 

4 away from thy fierce wrath. Turn us, God of our salvation, 

5 and turn away thy wrath from us. Be not angry with us forever. 

6 Wilt thou extend thy wrath to all generations ? God, thou 
wilt turn and quicken us, that thy people may rejoice for thee. 

7 Shew us, Lord, thy loving kindness : And shouldst thou 

8 grant us thy salvation, I will hear what the Lord God will say 
by me : for he will speak peace to his people — to his saints : even 

9 to them who turn their hearts to him ; moreover his salvation will 
be near them who fear him ; that glory may dwell in our land. 

1 Mercy and truth have met each other ; righteousness and 

11 peace have mutually embraced. Truth hath sprung up out of 
the earth, and righteousness hath looked down from heaven. 

12 For the Lord will exercise benignity, and our land shall yield 

13 her increase. Righteousness shall go before him, and he will 
imprint his footsteps for a path. 


A Prayer. By David. 

1 INCLINE, Lord, thine ear, and hear me : for I am dis- 

2 tressed and needy. Preserve my life, for I am holy : save thy 

3 servant, God, who trusteth in thee. Be merciful to me, 


4 Lord, for to thee I will cry all day long. Comfort the soul of 
thy servant; for to thee, Lord, I have lifted up rny soul: 

5 for thou, Lord, art kind and gentle, and plenteous in mercy 

6 to all who invoke thee. Listen, Lord, to my prayer, and at- 

7 tend to the voice of my supplication. In the day of my afflic- 

8 tion, I cried to thee, because thou didst hear me. There is 
none among gods like thee, Lord : nor are any works to be 

9 compared to thine. Let all the nations which thou hast made, 
come and worship before thee, Lord, and praise thy name ; 

10 for thou art great and doest wonders — thou art the Only, the 

11 Great God. Conduct me, Lord, in thy way ; and I will walk 
in thy truth. Let my heart be gladdened, that thy name may 

12 be feared. I will praise thee, Lord my God, with my whole 

13 heart, and glorify thy name forever. For thy mercy to me hath 
been great ; thou hast delivered my soul from the deepest man- 

14 sion of the dead. God, transgressors rose up against me, 
and an assembly of violent men sought my life ; they indeed 

15 did not set thee before them. But thou, Lord God, who art 
merciful and gracious, long suffering and abundant in good- 

16 ness and truth, look down upon me and pity me ; give thy 
strength to thy servant and save the son of thy handmaid. 

17 Vouchsafe to me a token for good, and let them who hate me, 
see it and be ashamed, because thou, Lord, hast helped me 
and given me comfort. 


A Psalm of an Ode for the sons of Kore. 

1 ON the holy mountains are his foundations ! The Lord lov- 

3 eth the gates of Sion more than all the dwellings of Jacob. Glo- 

4 rious things have been said of thee, city of God. Shall I men- 
tion Eahab or Babylon to those gaining a knowledge of me ? 
Behold the Philistines and Tyrians, and the tribe of the Ethi- 

5 opians say, Such and such were born there. Man will say, 
"Sion is my mother ; " and, "In it such a man was born." 

(3 " The Most High himself founded it " this will be the account 
which the Lord will give in the enrollment of peoples and of 


7 those chiefs who were born in it. How delighted must all be, 
whose habitation is in thee ! 


An Ode of a Psalm for the sons of Kore. For the conclusion. On 
the responsive Maeleth. On understanding. By Aiman the Is- 

1 LORD God of my salvation, before thee I have cried 

2 day and night. Let my prayer come before thee, incline, 

3 Lord, thine ear to my supplication ; for my soul is full of trou- 

4 ble, and my life draweth near to the mansion of the dead. I 
was counted with them who are going down to the pit ; I be- 

5 came like a man who is past recovery — like one set free among 
the dead — like the prostrate slain, asleep in the grave, whom 
thou hast no more remembered. 

6 Though they were cast off out of thy hand, they laid me in 

7 the lowest pit — in dark places and in the shade of death. On 
me thy wrath was pressed hard, a ad all thy billows thou didst 

8 bring upon me. Thou hast removed far from me my acquaint- 
ance, they accounted me an abomination to them. I was deli- 

9 vered up and did not go abroad ; mine eyes were weakened by 
affliction. To thee, Lord, I cried all the day long : to thee 

10 I stretched forth my hands. Wilt thou work wonders among 

1 1 the dead ? Or can physicians raise them up to praise thee ? Can 
any in the grave declare thy kindness ? — Or thy faithfulness, 

12 in destruction? Can thy wonders be known in darkness — Or 

13 thy saving mercy, in the land of forgetfulness ? As for me, I 
have cried to thee, Lord, and in the morning my prayers 

14 shall be before thee. Lord, why reject est thou my prayer — 

15 why turnest thou away thy face from me? I am afflicted and 
in troubles from my youth : though raised high I have been 

16 humbled and distressed. Thy resentments have come upon 

17 me ; and thy terrors have quite confounded me : they have en- 
compassed me like water : all the day long they begirt me at 

18 once. Thou hast removed a friend far from me, my acquaint- 
ance also, because of misery. 



On understanding. By Aitham the Israelite. 

1 LOKD, I will sing of thy mercies forever ; I will pro- 

2 claim thy truth with my mouth to all generations. Since thou 
hast said, "Mercy shall be built up forever. My truth shall 

3 be established in the heavens. I have made a covenant with 

4 my chosen, I have sworn to my servant David, I will establish 
thy seed forever ; I will build up thy throne to all generations." 

5 Lord, let the heavens praise thy wonders and thy truth in 

6 the congregation of the saints. For who in heaven can be com- 
pared to the Lord ? Or who among the sons of God, likened 

7 to the Lord ? God is glorified in the counsel of the holy — great 

8 and awful among all around him. Lord, the God of hosts, 
who is like thee ? Thou, Lord, art mighty and thy truth is 

9 around thee. Thou rulest the raging of the sea, and stillest the 

10 rolling billows thereof. Thou hast humbled the proud like one 

11 slain — with thy mighty arm thou hast scattered thy foes. Thine 
are the heavens, and the earth is thine, thou hast founded the 

12 world and its fulness. Thou hast created the north and the 

13 west ; let Thabor and Hermon rejoice at thy name. Thine arm 
is endowed with power ; let thy hand be strong— thy right hand 

14 exalted. Justice and judgment are the preparation of thy throne ; 

15 mercy and truth shall march before thee. Happy the people 
who know the joyful sound ! They will walk, Lord, in the 

16 light of thy presence, and rejoice in thy name all the day long, 

17 and be exalted by thy righteousness. For thou art the glory 
of their strength ; and by thy favour our horn shall be exalted. 

18 For thou art the help of our Lord even of the Holy One of Israel, 

19 our king. At that time thou didst speak in vision to thy children 
and say, " I have laid help on one who is Mighty : I have exalted 

20 a chosen one of my people ; I have found David my servant ; 

21 I have anointed him with holy oil. My hand will indeed sup- 

22 port him. And him mine arm will strengthen. Over him an 
enemy shall not gain advantage ; nor shall a son of wicked- 

23 ness any more afflict him. For before him I will hew down 

24 his enemies : and them who hate him I will put to flight. And 
my truth and my mercy shall be with him ; and by my name 


25 his horn shall be exalted. And I will put his hand on the sea ; 

26 and his right hand on the rivers : and he will invoke me say- 
ing, Thou art my father ; my God and the support of my sal- 

27 vation ; and I will set him as a first born ; high above all the 

28 kings of the earth. My mercy I will keep for him evermore. 

29 And my covenant with him shall be firm. And I will establish 

30 his seed forever, and his throne as the days of heaven. If his 
children forsake my law, and do not walk in my judgments — 

31 If they profane my statutes ; and do not keep my command- 

32 ments : I will visit their transgressions with a rod ; and their 

33 iniquities with scourges. But from him I will not withdraw 

34 my mercy ; nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. I will not vio- 

35 late my covenant ; nor annul what have passed my lips. Once 
for all I have sworn by my holiness ; that I will not be false 

36 to David. His seed shall endure forever, and his throne as the 

37 sun before me ; and as the moon forever fixed : and the wit- 
ness in heaven is faithful." 

38 Hast thou then cast off and set at naught — hast thou given 

39 up this thine anointed ? Hast thou made void the covenant 
with thy servant : and profaned his sanctuary to the ground ? 

40 Thou hast broken down all his hedges, and made his strong 

41 holds a ruin. All that pass by have plundered him : he is be- 

42 come a subject of reproach to his neighbours. Thou hast 
raised up the right hand of his foes, thou hast made all his 

43 enemies glad. Thou hast turned back the edge of his sword ; 

44 and hast not assisted him in battle. Thou hast caused his pu- 
rification to cease : thou hast dashed down his throne to the 

45 ground. Thou hast shortened the days of his throne, and pour- 

46 ed contempt upon him. How long, Lord, wilt thou turn 

47 away ? Shall thy wrath burn like fire forever ? Eemember 
what my being is. Hast thou created all the sons of men in 

48 vain ? Is there any man who can live and not see death ? Can 

49 he deliver his soul from the mansion of the dead ? Lord, 
where are thy mercies of old ; which thou didst solemnly pro- 

50 mise David by thy truth? Remember, O Lord, the reproach 
of thy servants — that of many nations, which I retain in my 

51 bosom — that with which thine enemies, O Lord, have re- 
proached — with which they have reproached the redemption 


52 of thine anointed one. Blessed be the Lord forever. Amen 

A prayer of Moses the man of Gocl. 

1 LORD, thou hast been a refuge for us, from one gene- 

2 ration to another. Before the mountains were brought forth ; 
or the earth or the world was formed : even from everlasting 

3 to everlasting thou existest. Wilt thou turn man away to de- 
spondency ; when thou hast said, Beturn ye sons of men ? 

4 Since in thy sight a thousand years are but as yesterday which 

5 is past ; or as a watch in the night : shall these trifling years 
of theirs be as if in the morning, a green herb passed away ? 

6 Should it in the morning bloom and pass away ? In the even- 

7 ing it would have fallen, withered and become dry. Because 
we have fallen short by thine anger, and by thine indignation 

8 have been troubled — thou hast placed our iniquities before 
thee : let this age of ours be for the light of thy countenance. 

9 Because all our days have fallen short ; and we have failed by 
thine indignation ; our years have exercised themselves like 

10 a spider. The days of these years of ours are seventy years : 
and if by reason of strength they be eighty years ; still the 

11 surplus of them is labour and sorrow. Because gentleness 
hath come upon us : let us, therefore, whoever knoweth the 
power of thine anger, be taught, on the account of the terror 

12 of thy wrath, so to number them. Thus make known thy 
right hand ; and them whose hearts are instructed in wisdom. 

13 Return, Lord. How long shall it first be ? And be pacified 

14 with thy servants. In the morning we were filled with thy 

15 mercy. We indeed rejoiced and were made glad. During all 
these days of ours may we be gladdened ; in lieu of the days 
wherein thou hast humbled us ; and of the years in which we 

16 have seen evils. And look upon these thy servants and on thy 

17 works : and be thou the guide of their children. And let the 
splendor of the Lord our God be over us : and do thou direct 
for us the works of our hands. — 

VOL. II. G g 



The praise of an Ode. By David. 

1 HE who dwelleth under the protection of the Most High 

2 shall lodge in the shelter of the God of heaven. He will say 
to the Lord, " Thou art my helper : my God is my refuge, 

3 I will trust in him." Because he will deliver thee from the 

4 snare of hunters ; and tumultuous accusation — with his breast 
will overshadow thee : therefore under his wings thou shalt 

5 rest secure. His truth will encompass thee with armour. Thou 
shalt not be afraid of the terror by night ; nor of the arrow 

6 which flieth by day — of the thing which walketh in darkness ; 

7 nor of mischance and the demon of noon day. A thousand 
may fall at thy side ; and ten thousand at thy right hand : but 

8 it shall not approach thee. But thou with thine eyes shalt ob- 

9 serve, and see the reward of the wicked. Because thou, O 

10 Lord, my hope ; hast made the Most High thy refuge ; no 
evils shall come upon thee, nor shall a scourge approach thy 

11 dwelling. For he will give his angels a charge concerning thee ; 

12 to keep thee in all thy ways ; with their hands they shall bear 
thee up ; shouldst thou chance to strike thy foot against a 

13 stone. Upon an asp and a basilisk thou shalt tread : and tram- 

14 pie down a lion and a dragon. (J) Because he trusted in me, I 
will deliver him : I will protect him because he knew my 

15 name. He will call on me, and I will answer him : I am with 

16 him in affliction : I will deliver him and honour him. With 
length of days I will satisfy him ; and I will shew him my sal- 


A Psalm of an Ode for the Sabbath day. 

1 IT is good to give thanks to the Lord ; and with instru- 

2 mental musick sing to thy name, Most High — to proclaim 
thy loving kindness every morning ; and thy faithfulness every 

3 night : with a ten stringed psaltery ; with an ode on the kithara. 

4 Because thou, Lord, with thy work hast made me glad : 

5 therefore in the works of thy hands I will triumph. How great 


6 are thy works, Lord ! How very deep are thy designs ! A 
senseless man cannot know ; nor can the foolish comprehend 

7 them. When the wicked sprang up like grass ; all the work- 
ers of iniquity had a glimpse that they should be destroyed 

8 forever. As for thee, thou, Lord, art Most High forever. 

9 For lo ! thine enemies shall perish : and all the workers of ini- 

10 quity shall be scattered. But my horn shall be exalted like that 

11 of the Oryx; and mine old age invigorated with fresh oil. Mine 
eye hath looked on among mine enemies : and among the 

12 wicked who rise against me, mine ear will hear. The righteous 
shall bloom like a palm tree ; and be multiplied like a cedar on 

1 3 Lebanon. Being planted by the house of the Lord they shall 

14 flourish in the courts of our God. In a vigorous old age they 
shall still multiply ; and continue prosperous ; that they may de- 

15 clare that the Lord my God is righteous ; and that in him 
there is no injustice. 


For tlic day ^preceding the Sabbath when the world vjas stocked 
with inhabitants. The praise of an Ode by David. 

1 THE Lord hath commended his reign — hath robed him- 
self with majesty. The Lord hath robed himself with power 
and girded it on. For he hath established the world, which 

2 cannot be shaken. From that time thy throne was prepared : 

3 thou thyself art from everlasting. The rivers, Lord, lifted 

4 up — the rivers lifted up their voices. By reason of the roaring 
of many waters ; the mountainous billows of the sea are won- 

5 derful. The Lord on high is wonderful ; thy testimonies are 
firmly established. Holiness becometh thy house, Lord ; to 
the utmost extent of days. 


A Psalm by Darid for the fourth day of the week. 

1 THE Lord is a God of vengeance, the God of vengeance 

2 hath given solemn warning. Exalt thyself, thou judge of 

3 the earth ; render a retribution to the proud. How long shall 


By David, when his land urns at peace. 

1 THE Lord is king ; let the earth rejoice — let the multitude 

2 of isles be glad. A cloud and darkness are around him : justice 

3 and judgment are the basis of his throne. Before him a fire 

4 shall march, and burn up his enemies all around. His light- 
nings shot a glare through the world : the earth saw and trem- 

5 bled. The mountains melted like wax, at the presence of the 

6 Lord — at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth. The 
heavens declared his saving goodness : and all the peoples saw 

7 his glory. Let all the worshippers of graven images, who boast 
of their idols, be confounded. Worship him all ye his angels. 

8 Sion heard, and was glad, and the daughters of Judea re- 

9 joiced, because of thy judgments, Lord. For thou art the 
Lord Most High, over all the earth ; thou art far exalted above 
all the gods. 

10 Hate iniquity, ye who love the Lord: the Lord preserveth 
the lives of his saints. Out of the hand of sinners he will save 

11 them. A light is sprung up for the righteous, and joy for the 

12 upright in heart. Rejoice in the Lord, ye righteous, and give 
thanks at the mention of his holiness. 


A Psalm by David. 

1 SING to the Lord, a new song, that the Lord hath 
done wonderful things. His own right hand and his holy arm 

2 hath saved him. The Lord hath made known his salvation : he 

3 hath displayed his forgiving mercy before the nations. He re- 
membered his mercy for Jacob — and his truth to the house of 
Israel. All the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our 

4 God. Raise a shout of triumph to God, all ye of the earth ! 

5 Sing and exult and sing in harmonious strains. Sing to the 
Lord with a kithara — with a kithara and a tuneful psalm. 

6 With spiral trumpets and the sounding cornet, raise a shout of 

7 triumph for the Lord, before the king. Let the sea roar and 


the fulness thereof — the world and they who dwell therein. 

8 Let the rivers unite in applauses ; let the mountains exult with 

9 joy ; that he is come to judge the earth. He will judge the 
world with righteousness, and the several tribes with equity. 


A Psalm by David. 

1 THE Lord hath commenced his reign : let peoples rage. 

2 He is enthroned on the cherubim ; let the earth be shaken. The 

3 Lord is great in Sion and high over all the tribes. Let them 

4 praise thy great name, for it is awful and holy. As the honour 
of a king loveth judgment ; thou hast provided rules of recti- 

5 tude ; and executed judgment and justice in Israel. Extol the 

6 Lord our God ; and bow at his footstool ; for he is holy. Moses 
and Aaron among his priests ; and Samuel among them, who 
invoke his name ; called on the Lord, and he hearkened to 

7 them. To them he spoke in a pillar of cloud. They kept his 

8 testimonies and the statutes which he gave them. O Lord, our 
God, thou didst hearken to them — To them thou wast a God 
propitious ; though executing vengeance on all the people's de- 

9 vices. Extol the Lord our God and worship on his holy hill : 
for the Lord our God is holy. 


A Psalm of praise. 

1 SHOUT triumphantly for the Lord, all ye of the land. 

2 Serve the Lord with gladness. Come before him with the 

3 shout of joy. Know that the Lord is very God : he made us 
and not we ourselves : we are his people and the sheep of his 

4 pasture. O enter his gates with thanksgiving — his courts with 

5 songs of praise : give thanks to him and praise his name : for 
the Lord is good ; his mercy endureth forever — and his truth 
to all generations. 


A Psalm by David. 

1 I WILL sing of mercy and judgment : to thee, Lord, 

2 I will tune my lyre. I will conduct myself wisely in a perfect 
way ; when wilt thou come to me ? I have walked in the in- 

3 tegrity of my heart in the midst of my household. I have not 
set any wicked thing before mine eyes : them who commit 

4 transgressions I detested. A perverse heart hath not cleaved to 
me. When the wicked withdrew from me ; I no more acknow- 

5 ledged him. Him, who privily slandered his neighbour, I ex- 
pelled. With one of a haughty eye and unsatiable heart I 

6 would not eat. Mine eyes have been on the faithful of the 
land ; that they might dwell with me. He who walked in a 

7 perfect way, hath been employed in my service. He who prac- 
tised haughtiness found no abode in my family. He who spoke 

8 unjustly was not right in mine eyes. I took the earliest occa- 
sion to destroy all the sinners of the land — to root out of the 
city of the Lord all the workers of iniquity. 


A Prayer for the afflicted when he is oppressed with grief, and 
woidd pour out his supplication before the Lord. 

1 HEAKKEN, Lord ! to my prayer ; and let my cry come 

2 to thee. Turn not away thy face from me : on the day of my 
distress incline thine ear to me : on the day I call on thee, an- 

3 swer me speedily. For my days have vanished like smoke : 

4 and my bones are parched like dry wood. I am cut down like 
grass : my heart is withered : because I have forgotten to eat 

5 my bread. By reason of the voice of my groaning my bones 

6 have cleaved to my flesh. I am become like a pelican of the de- 

7 sert : I am like a night hawk on a ruined building. I have pass- 
ed sleepless nights; and been like a solitary bird on a house 

8 top. All the day mine enemies reproached me : and they who 

9 praise me swore against me. Because I have eaten ashes as 
10 bread and have mingled my drink with tears, on account of 


thine indignation and wrath : (for having lifted me up thou 

11 hast dashed me down). My days have flitted away like a sha- 

12 dow ; and I am withered like mown grass. But thou, Lord, 
endurest forever ; and the memorial of thee to all generations. 

13 Thou wilt arise and have mercy on Sion : for the time to fa- 

14 vour her — the set time is come. Because thy servants had an 
affection for the stones thereof; therefore they will commise- 

15 rate her rubbish. And the nations shall fear thy name, Lord ; 

16 and all the kings of the earth, thy glory. For the Lord will re- 

17 build Sion and appear in his glory. He hath regarded the pray- 

18 er of the lowly, and hath not despised their supplication. Let 
her be enrolled for the generation to come : and the people to 

19 be born will praise the Lord : because he hath looked out 

20 from the height of his sanctuary. Out of heaven the Lord 
looked down on the earth ; to hear the groaning of the pri- 

21 soners ; to set free the sons of them who were slain ; to pro- 
claim the name of the Lord in Sion ; and his praise in Jeru- 

22 salem. When tribes were assembled together; and kings, 

23 to serve the Lord ; he addressed him in the way of his strength — 

24 Shew me the fewness of my days ; call me not away in the 

25 midst of them ; thy years are throughout all generations. Thou 
Lord, in the beginning didst lay the foundations of the earth ; 

26 and the heavens are the work of thy hands. They shall perish ; 
but thou wilt endure : they shall all wax old like a garment ; 
and like a mantle thou wilt fold them up and they shall be 

27 changed : but as for thee, thou art the same ; and thy years 

28 shall have no end. Let the children of thy servants pitch their 
tents and their seed be established forever. 


By David. 

1 BLESS the Lord, my soul ; and all within me, his holy 

2 name. Bless the Lord, my soul ; and forget not all the praises 

3 of him; who pardoneth all thine iniquities; who healeth all 

4 thy diseases ; who redeemeth thy life from destruction : who 

5 crowneth thee with mercy and kindness ; who satisfieth thy de- 
sire with good things that thy youth may be renewed like an 

VOL. II. H h 


6 eagle's. It is the Lord, who exerciseth mercy and judgment 

7 for all who were oppressed. He made known his ways to Mo- 

8 ses — his pleasure to the children of Israel. He is the Lord 
gracious and merciful ; slow to anger and abundant in kind- 

9 ness ; he will not be angry to utter ruin, nor continue his wrath 

10 forever. He hath not dealt with us according to our sins ; nor 

11 retributed to us according to our iniquities. For high as the 
heaven is from the earth; the Lord hath enlarged his mercy 

12 for them who fear him. Far as the east is distant from the west, 

13 he hath removed from us our transgressions. As a father piti- 
eth his children ; the Lord hath pitied them who fear him, be- 

14 cause he knew our formation. O remember that we are dust. As 

15 for man, his days are like grass ; like a flower of the field, so 

16 he may bloom. Because a blast of wind passed over it, it is 

17 gone. It shall no more know its place. But the mercy of the 
Lord is from age to age over them who fear him : and his 

18 saving goodness over children's children, for them who keep 

19 his covenant, and remember his commands to do them. The 
Lord hath established his throne in heaven, and his dominion 

20 is exercised over all. Bless the Lord, all ye his angels— ye 
mighty powers, who execute his word, on hearing the voice 

21 of his commands. Bless the Lord, all ye his armies— ye minis- 

22 ters of his, who perform his will. Bless the Lord all ye his 
works, in every place of his dominion. O my soul, bless thou 
the Lord. 


By David. 

1 BLESS the Lord O my soul. O Lord my God, thou art 
very great. Thou hast robed thyself with honour and majesty ; 

2 clothing thyself with light as with a mantle ; stretching out 

3 the heaven as a tent. Thou art he who covereth his chambers 
with waters who maketh clouds his chariot — who walketh on 

4 the wings of winds — Who maketh winds his messengers, and 

5 flaming fire his ministers — Who founded the earth on its firm 

6 basis, that it may not be moved forever. Is the abyss like a 
garment to be its covering — are waters to stand above the 

7 mountains ? At thy rebuke they shall flee — at the peal of thy 


8 thunder they will tremble. They ascend mountains, they go 
down vallies ; to the place which thou hast founded for them. 

9 Thou has set a bound which they shall not pass; nor shall 
they return to cover the earth. 

10 Thou art he who sendeth forth springs in vallies. Waters 

11 shall flow down between the mountains ; and give drink to all 
the beasts of the field. Wild asses will expect them to quench 

12 their thirst. By them the birds of the air will abide : from 

13 among the rocks they will utter a sound. Thou art he who 
watereth mountains from his chambers. With the fruit of thy 

14 works the earth will be satisfied. Thou art he who causeth 
grass to grow for cattle ; even verdant grass for the service of 

15 man. That he may bring food out of the earth : wine cheer- 
eth the heart of man : that he might exhilarate his countenance 

1 (3 with oil ; the heart of man is strengthened with bread. The 
trees of the plain shall be fully satisfied — the cedars of Leba- 

17 non, which he hath planted. There the birds will build their 

18 nests. The family of the stork account them their own. The 
lofty mountains are for the hinds ; a rock is the refuge of the 

19 choirogryllus. He hath appointed the moon for seasons : the 

20 sun knoweth his time for going down. Thou hast stationed 
darkness and there was night : in it all the beasts of the forest 

21 will come forth — Lions roaring for prey, seeking their food 

22 from God. When the sun is risen, they will assemble and 

23 lay themselves down in their dens ; Man will go forth to his 
labour and continue at it till evening. 

24 How manifold are thy works, Lord, with wisdom thou 

25 hast done them all. The earth is filled with thy creatures ; So 
is the great and spacious sea : in this are moving things innu- 

26 merable— living creatures small and great. There ships sail : 
there is that dragon, which thou hast formed to sport therein. 

27 All wait on thee to give them food in due season. When thou 

28 givest them, they gather ; by opening thy hand all are bounti- 

29 fully supplied. But when thou deniest, they are troubled. With- 

30 draw their breath, they die and return to their dust : send forth 
thy breath and they are created : thou indeed canst renew the 

31 face of the earth. Let the glory of the Lord endure forever ; 

32 let the Lord rejoice over his works. When he looketh at the 


earth, he causeth it to tremble; when he toucheth the moun- 
tains, they smoke. 

33 I will sing to the Lord as long as I live, I will praise my 

34 God while I have a being. Let my meditation be acceptable 

35 to him, and I will rejoice in the Lord. Let sinners be consum- 
ed from the earth, and the wicked so as to be no more ; my 
soul, bless thou the Lord. 

An Alleluia, or alternate Song of Precise to the Lorel. 

1 GIVE thanks to the Lord and invoke his name : pro- 

2 claim his works among the nations. Sing to him and sing with 

3 instrumental musick; relate all his wonderous works. Sing 
praises to his holy name. Let the heart of them, who seek the 

4 Lord, be glad. Seek the Lord and be confirmed in strength ; 

5 seek his face continually. Kemember his wonders which he 

6 hath done ; his miracles and the judgments of his mouth. ye 
seed of Abraham, his servants — ye children of Jacob, his cho- 

7 sen ones ; he is the Lord, our God, in all this land are his judg- 

8 ments. He remembered forever his covenant — a word which 

9 he gave in charge for a thousand generations : the covenant 
which he made with Abraham, and that oath of his to Isaak, 

10 which he confirmed to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an 

11 everlasting covenant — saying, To thee I will give the land of 

12 Chanaan to be the lot of your inheritance. When they were 

13 few in number — of little account and sojourners therein ; when 
they passed through from nation to nation — from one kingdom 

14 to another people ; he suffered no man to injure them — he re- 

15 proved kings for their sake, "touch not mine anointed ones, 

16 and to my prophets do no harm." When he called for a famine 

17 on the land — broke all the stay of bread, he had sent before 

18 them a man, Joseph was sold for a servant. They had huni- 

19 bled his feet with fetters, his life was spent in irons ; until his 

20 word came to pass — till the oracle of the Lord tried him. The 
king had sent and loosed him — the chief of peoples had set 

21 him at liberty — had appointed him lord of his house, and ruler 

22 of all his possessions ; that he like himself might instruct prin- 


23 ces, and teach his senators wisdom : then Israel went down to 

24 Egypt, and Jacob sojourned in the land of Cham. When he 
had encreased his people to a great degree, and made them 

25 stronger than their enemies ; and had turned their hearts to hate 

26 his people, to deal deceitfully with his servants ; he sent forth 

27 Moses his servant — Aaron whom he had chosen : to them he 
committed the words of his signs — of his wonders in the land 

28 of Cham. He sent forth darkness and it was dark. When they 

29 made his words bitter, he turned their waters into blood, and 

30 made a slaughter of their fishes ; their land swarmed with frogs, 

31 in the inmost chambers of their kings. He spake and the dog 

32 fly came, and stinging gnats in all their borders ; he made his 

33 showers, hail, flaming fire in all their land ; he smote their vines 

34 and their fig trees, and broke every tree of their border. He 
spake, and the grasshopper came, and the brouchus locust in 

35 swarms innumerable, and devoured every herb in their coun- 

36 try, and ate up the fruit of their land. Then he smote every first 

37 born of their land — the first fruits of all their labour ; and 
brought out his people with silver and gold, and there was not 

38 a feeble person among their tribes. Egypt rejoiced at their go- 

39 ing out, for the dread of these had fallen on them. He spread 
out a cloud to shelter them, and a fire to illuminate the night 

40 for them. They asked, and flocks of quails came ; and he sa- 

41 tisfied them with the bread of heaven. He split a rock and wa- 

42 ters gushed out, and rivers ran in dry places. Because he re- 
membered his holy promise — that which he made to Abraham 

43 his servant ; therefore he brought out his people with joy — 

44 even his chosen ones with gladness ; and gave them the coun- 

45 tries of nations, and they inherited the labours of peoples ; that 
they might keep his rules of rectitude, and that they might 
diligently seek his law. 


An Alleluia. 

1 GIVE thanks to the Lord, for he is good ; for to ever- 

2 lasting his mercy endureth. Who can express the mighty acts 

3 of the Lord ? Who can publish all his praises ? Happy they, 


4 who keep judgment, and who do justice at all times. Remem- 
ber us, Lord, affectionately as thy people, visit us with thy 

5 salvation ; that we may see it in the felicity of thy chosen— that 
we may be gladdened with the joy of thy nation — that we may 

6 sing praises with thy heritage. We with our fathers have sin- 
ned; we have committed iniquity; we have done wickedly. 

7 Our fathers minded not thy wonders in Egypt, they did not 

8 remember the multitude of thy mercies. Though in coming 
up they were refractory at the Red sea, yet he saved them for 
his name's sake, that he might make known his mighty power. 

9 He rebuked the Red sea and it was dried up ; and he led them 

10 through the deep as through a wilderness; and saved them 
from the hand of those who hated them, and delivered them 

11 out of an enemy's hand. The water covered those who afflicted 

12 them, not an individual of them was left. Though they be- 

13 lieved his words, though they sang his praise ; they soon forgot 

14 his works, they waited not for his counsel. They indulged a 
longing desire in the desert, and tried God in a place without 

15 water. Though he granted them their request, and sent satiety 

16 to their soul ; yet they provoked Moses in the camp and Aaron 

17 the consecrated of the Lord. The earth opened and swallowed 

18 up Dathan, and covered the company of Abeiron; and a fire 
was kindled in their assembly, and a flame burned up the wick- 

19 ed. Even at Choreb they made a calf, and worshipped the 

20 graven image; and exchanged their glory for the image of an 

21 ox which eateth grass. They forgot God their saviour, who 

22 had done great things in Egypt — wonderful things in the land 

23 of Cham, and terrible things at the Red sea: whereupon he 
spake of destroying them, had not his chosen Moses stood be- 
fore him in the breach, to turn him from his fierce indignation, 
that he might not utterly destroy. 

24 When they despised the pleasant land and did not con- 

25 fide in his word: but murmured in their tents; and hearkened 

26 not to the voice of the Lord: he lifted up his hand against 

27 them ; to overthrow them in the desert ; and cast back their 
seed among the nations ; and disperse them in the countries. 

28 When they consecrated themselves to Belphegor ; and ate the 

29 sacrifices offered to dead men ; and provoked him with their 

30 devices ; and the plague was raging among them : Phineas 


stood up and made atonement ; and the plague was stayed : 

31 and it was counted to him for righteousness to all generations 

32 forever. When they provoked him at the water of strife it went 

33 ill with Moses on their account. For they provoked his spirit 

34 and he spake unadvisedly with his lips. They did not root out 

35 the nations which the Lord had mentioned to him : but min- 

36 gled with those nations ; and learned their works. And served 
their graven images which became to them a stumbling block. 

37 They actually sacrificed their sons and their daughters to de- 

38 mons : and shed innocent blood — the blood of their sons and 
daughters, whom they sacrificed to the graven idols of Cha- 

39 naan. And the land was polluted with blood and defiled by 
their works : and they went a whoring with their devices. 

40 Therefore the Lord was incensed against his people, and ab- 

41 horred his inheritance. And he delivered them into the hands 

42 of enemies ; and they who hated them ruled over them. When 
their enemies afflicted them ; and they were humbled under 

43 their hands : many a time did he deliver them. But they pro- 

44 voked him with their counsel. When they were humbled for 
their iniquities ; the Lord beheld when they were afflicted. 

45 When he heard their supplication, he remembered his cove- 

46 nant and according to the multitude of his mercies ; he relent- 
ed and excited compassion for them among all those who had 

47 captivated them. Save us, Lord, our God ; and gather us from 
among the nations ; that we may give thanks to thy holy name 

48 — that we may triumph in thy praise. Blessed be the Lord 
the God of Israel from everlasting to everlasting : and let all 
the people say, Amen, Amen. 


An Alleluia, 

1 GIVE thanks to the Lord, for he is good : for to ever- 

2 lasting his mercy endureth. Let this be said by them whom 
the Lord hath redeemed — whom he hath redeemed from an 

3 enemy's hand — whom he hath gathered out of the countries ; 

4 from the east and west and north and sea. They had wander- 
ed in the desert in a land without water; they found no way 


5 to a city of habitation. They were hungry and thirsty. Their 

6 soul within them fainted : then they cried to the Lord in their 

7 affliction; and he delivered them from their distresses: and 
conducted them to a straight road ; that they might go to a city 
of habitation. 

8 O let them praise the Lord for his mercies ; and for his 

9 wonderful dealings with the sons of men : because he hath sa- 
tisfied the longing soul ; and filled the hungry with good things. 

10 As for them who sat in darkness and the shadow of 

11 death ; bound with affliction and irons ; because they rebel- 
led against the oracles of God ; and contemned the counsel of 

12 the Most High : when their heart was brought low by troubles 

13 — when they were weak and there was no helper : then they 
cried to the Lord in their affliction; and he saved them from 

14 their distresses; and brought them out of darkness and the 
shadow of death ; and burst their chains asunder. 

15 let them praise the Lord for his mercies, and for his 
10 wonderful dealings with the sons of men ; for he hath dashed 

to shivers the gates of brass, and broken asunder the bars of 

17 He helped them out of the way of their transgression : 

18 for on account of their iniquities they were brought low. Their 
soul abhorred all manner of food, and they drew near to the 

19 gates of death. Then they cried to the Lord in their affliction, 

20 and he saved them from their distresses. He sent forth his 
word and healed them ; and delivered them from their destruc- 

21 O let them praise the Lord for his mercies, and for his 

22 wonderful dealings with the sons of men ; and let them offer him 
a sacrifice of thanksgiving, and publish his works with joy. 

23 As for them who go to sea in ships, and traffick on the mighty 

24 waters — they see the works of the Lord, and his wonders in 

25 the deep. He spake, and up rose a tempestuous wind : and its 

26 waves are lifted high ; they mount up to the heavens : then down 

27 they descend into the depths ; with perils, their souls are 
melted ; — they reel and stagger like one drunk, and all their 

28 skill is swallowed up. Then they cried to the Lord in their af- 

29 fliction, and he brought them out of their distresses. He re- 
buked the tempest, and it stopt in a still calm ; and its waves 

30 were lulled to silence. And they were glad, because they 


were at rest. And he conducted them to their desired port. 

31 let them praise the Lord for his mercies, and for his won- 

32 derful dealings with the sons of men. Let them extol him 
in the congregation of the people : and praise him in the assem- 
bly of Elders. 

33 He hath turned rivers into a wilderness : and outlets of 

34 water into a thirsty land — a fruitful country into barren- 

35 ness : for the wickedness of them who dwell therein. He 
hath turned a desert into pools of water, and a thirsty soil into 

36 water springs : and caused the hungry to dwell there. And 

37 they have erected abiding cities : and have sown fields and 
planted vineyards, which have yielded them the fruits of in- 

38 crease. And he hath blessed them and they have multiplied 

39 greatly, and their cattle have not decreased. Again they have 
been diminished, and brought low by oppressions, afflictions, 

40 and sorrow. Contempt hath been poured on their princes : and 

41 he hath caused them to wander in a trackless desert. Then out 
of affliction he hath helped the needy, and hath made families 
like a flock. 

42 Let the righteous see and rejoice, and let all iniquity stop 

43 its mouth. Whosoever is wise and will observe these things, 
he will understand the mercies of the Lord. 


An Ode of a Psalm, by David. 

1 MY heart is prepared, God, my heart is prepared ; I 

2 will sing and play on what is my glory. Awake psaltery and 

3 kithara, I myself will awake early. I will give thanks to thee, 
O Lord, among peoples — among nations I will resound thy 

4 praise ; for thy mercy is great above the heavens, and thy 

5 truth reacheth to the clouds. Be thou, God, exalted above 
the heavens ; and over all the earth thy glory. 

6 That thy beloved may be delivered, save with thy right 

7 hand and answer me. God hath spoken in his sanctuary, I shall 
be exalted, and divide Sikima, and measure out the valley of 

8 tents. Galaad is mine and mine is Manasses ; and Ephraim is 

9 the support of my head : Juda is my king. Moab, the cauldron 
<>f my hope. Over Idtunea I shall extend my march: to me 

vol. n. . j i 


10 the Philistines are subjected. Who will conduct me to the 

11 strong city — who will guide me to Idumea ? Wilt not thou, O 
God, who didst cast us off — Wilt not thou, God, go out 

12 with our armies? Grant us help because of affliction; safety 

13 from man is indeed vain. Through God we can exert power : 
he can make our enemies contemptible. 


For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 GOD, pass not by my praise in silence : for against me 

2 the mouth of a sinner ; and the mouth of the deceitful is open- 
ed. They have spoken against me with a deceitful tongue. — 

3 With words of hatred they encompassed me about ; and fought 

4 against me without provocation. They traduced me for my 

5 love ; but I prayed, when they were rendering me evil for 
(3 good, and hatred for my love. " Set a sinner over him ; and let 

7 an accuser stand at his right hand. When he is judged let him 
be condemned ; and let his supplication be deemed an offence. 

8 Let his days be few ; and let another take his office. Let his 

9 children be fatherless and his wife a widow. Let his sons be 

10 vagabonds and beg : let them be cast out from their dwellings. 

11 Let an extortioner seize all that he hath ; and strangers make 

12 spoil of his labours. Let there be none to help him ; nor any 

13 to compassionate his orphan children. Let his children be for 
destruction — In one generation let his name be blotted out. 

14 Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered before the Lord ; 

15 and let not the sin of his mother be blotted out. Let them be 
continually before the Lord. And let the memorial of them be 

16 cut off from the earth : because he did not remember to shew 
mercy ; but persecuted a man needy and afflicted : to put to 

17 death one who was broken hearted. As he loved cursing, let 
it come on him : as he delighted not in blessing let it be far 

18 from him. As he clothed himself with cursing as with a man- 
tle ; and it came like water in his bowels ; and like oil into 

19 his bones : let it be to him as the mantle which covereth him : 
and as the girdle with which he is continually girded." 

20 From the Lord is this work of them who traduce me : and of 

21 them who speak evil against my soul. Do thou, Lord, Lord, 


deal with me for thy name's sake : for thy mercy is good. 

22 Deliver me, for I am afflicted and needy ; and my heart is 

23 troubled within me. Like a declining shadow I have glided 

24 away ; — I have been shaken off like locusts. My knees are 
weakened by fasting ; and my flesh is changed for want of oil. 

25 As for me, I became their scoff ; they beheld me — they shaked 

26 their heads. Help me, Lord, my God : and save me ac- 

27 cording to thy mercy. Let them know that this is thy hand ; 

28 and that thou ; Lord hast done this. Let them curse, thou 
indeed wilt bless. Let them who rise up against me be put to 

29 shame : but let thy servant be made glad. Let them who tra- 
duce me, be clothed with shame : let them be covered with 

30 their shame as with a mantle. With my mouth I will greatly 
thank the Lord ; and praise him in the midst of many : be- 

31 cause he stood at the right of the needy : to save from them 
who seek my life. 


A Psalm. By David. 

1 THE Lord said to my Lord ; sit at my right hand ; till I 

2 make thine enemies thy footstool. Out of Sion the Lord will 
send thee a rod of power : rule thou in the midst of thine ene- 

3 mies. With thee shall be the government ; in the day of thy 
power — in the splendours of thy holies from the womb : be- 

4 fore the morning star I begot thee. The Lord hath sworn and 
will not change ; thou art a priest forever, after the order of 

5 Melchisedek. The Lord at thy right hand hath crushed kings 

6 in the day of his wrath. He will judge among the nations : he 
will multiply slaughters : he will crush the heads of many on 

7 the earth. He will drink of the brook in the way : therefore 
he will lift up the head. 


An Alleluia. 

1 I WILL praise thee, Lord, with my whole heart ; in 

2 the counsel of the upright and the congregation. The works 
of the Lord are great ; exquisitely contrived for all his purpo- 


3 ses. Thanksgiving and majesty, his work and his righteous- 

4 ness shall endure forever. He hath made a memorial of his 

5 wonders : merciful and gracious is the Lord. He hath given 
food to them that fear him : he will remember his covenant 

6 forever. He hath shewn his people the power of his works ; 

7 by giving them possession of nations. The works of his hands 
are truth and judgment: all his commandments are faithful. 

8 They are firmly established forever : they are done with truth 

9 and uprightness. He hath sent redemption for his people; 
he hath enjoined his covenant forever : holy and awful is his 

10 name. The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom; 
and all who practise it have good understanding. Let the 
praise of him endure forever. — 


An Alleluia. 

1 HAPPY the man who feareth the Lord! in his command- 

2 ments he will greatly delight. His seed shall be mighty in 

3 the land : the generation of the upright shall be blessed. Glory 
and riches are in his house ; and his righteousness shall en- 

4 dure forever. To the upright light sprang up in darkness. He 

5 is merciful, compassionate and just ; a beneficent man who 
commiserateth and lendeth. He will manage his affairs with 

6 judgment ; because he is never to be shaken ; the righteous 

7 shall be in everlasting remembrance : at bad news he will 
not be terrified : his heart is prepared to trust in the Lord. 

8 His heart is established, he could not be terrified; even when 

9 he beheld his enemies. He hath dispersed, he hath given to 
10 the needy ; his righteousness shall endure forever. His horn 

shall be gloriously exalted: the wicked shall see and be en- 
raged. Let him gnash his teeth and pine away ; the desire of 
the wicked shall perish. — 



An Alleluia. 

1 PKAISE the Lord, ye his servants! praise the name 

2 of the Lord. Let the name of the Lord be blessed ; henceforth 

3 and forever. From the rising of the sun to its going down ; 

4 let the name of the Lord be praised. The Lord is high over 

5 all the nations : his glory is above the heavens. Who is like 

6 the Lord our G-od who dwelleth on high, and superintended 

7 the things below him in heaven and on the earth ? Who rais- 
eth the distressed from the ground, and lifteth the needy from 

8 a dunghill: to seat him with princes; with the chiefs of his 

9 people. Who settleth the barren woman in a family making 
her a joyful mother of children. 


An Alleluia. 

1 AT the departure of Israel from Egypt: of the house of 

2 Jacob from a barbarous people ; Judea became his sanctuary ; 

3 Israel his dominion. The sea saw and fled : Jordan was turned 

4 back. The mountains skipped like rams : the hills, like lambs 

5 of the flock. What ailed thee, sea, that thou fleddest ? And thee, 

6 Jordan, that thou turnedst back? You, mountains, that you 
skipped like rams? And you, hills, like lambs of the flock? 

7 The earth was moved at the presence of the Lord ; at the pre- 

8 sence of the God of Jacob : who turned the rocks into pools of 
water : and into fountains of water, the flinty rock. 


1 NOT unto us, Lord ; not unto us. But to thy name only 

2 give the glory : for thy mercy and for thy truth. Perhaps the 

3 nations may say, Where is their God ? Our God is in heaven 
and on earth : all that he willed, he hath done. 

4 The idols of the nations are silver and gold; the workman- 
o ship of men's hands. They have a mouth but cannot speak : 


6 though they have eyes, they cannot see. Ears they have, but 

7 they cannot hear : having nostrils they cannot smell. They 
have hands but they cannot feel : They have feet, but they 
cannot walk : nor can they utter a sound with their throat. 

8 Let them who make them be like them ; and all who 

9 have trusted in them. The house of Israel have trusted in the 

10 Lord : he is their helper and protector. The house of Aaron 
have trusted in the Lord ; he is their helper and protector. 

11 They who fear the Lord have trusted in him : he is their helper 
and protector. 

12 The Lord hath remembered us and blessed us : he hath 
blessed the house of Israel : he hath blessed the house of 

13 Aaron : he hath blessed them, who fear the Lord, both small 

14 and great. May the Lord add to you more and more — to you 

15 and to your children May you be blessed by the Lord : who 
made the heaven and the earth. 

16 To the Lord belongeth the heaven of heavens : and he hath 

17 given the earth to the sons of men. The dead cannot praise 
thee, O Lord; nor any who go down to the mansion of the 

18 dead : but we who are alive will bless the Lord ; from this time 
forth and forever. 


An Alleluia. 

1 I AM full of love, because the Lord will hear the voice of 

2 my supplication. Because to me he inclined his ear : therefore 

3 in my days I will invoke him. The pangs of death encompass- 
ed me ; the perils of Hades found me : I met with distress and 

4 sorrow : thereupon I invoked the name of the Lord ; Lord 

5 deliver my soul. The Lord is gracious and righteous; mer- 

6 ciful indeed is our God. The Lord preserveth the sincere : 

7 I was brought low but he saved me. Keturn, my soul, to 

8 thy rest : for the Lord hath dealt kindly with thee. Because he 
hath delivered my soul from death ; mine eyes from tears and 

9 my feet from falling : I will worship before the Lord in the land 

10 of the living. Alleluia ! 

11 I believed therefore I spake; for I was brought very 

12 low : and in my perturbation I said, Every man is a liar. 


13 What shall I render to the Lord ; for all that he hath done 
for me ? I will take the cup of thanksgiving ; and invoke 

14 the name of the Lord. I will pay my vows to the Lord ; in the 

15 presence of all his people. At a high rate ; in the sight of the 

16 Lord ; is estimated the death of his saints. Lord I am thy ser- 
vant — I am thy servant and the son of thy handmaid. Thou 

17 hast burst my bonds asunder : to thee I will offer a sacrifice of 

18 praise and call on the name of the Lord. I will pay my vows to 

19 the Lord ; in the presence of all his people — in the courts of the 
house of the Lord — in the midst of thee, Jerusalem. 


An Alleluia. 

O PEAISE the Lord, all ye nations ! 

Praise him all ye peoples ! 
For his kindness is exerted for us, 

And the truth of the Lord will endure forever. 


An Alleluia. 

1 O GIVE thanks to the Lord, for he is good: for to ever- 

2 lasting his mercy endureth. ! let the house of Israel say, 

3 For he is good. For to everlasting his mercy endureth. ! 
let the house of Aaron say, For he is good. For to everlasting 

4 his mercy endureth. Let all who fear the Lord say, For he is 

5 good. For to everlasting his mercy endureth. Because of af- 
fliction I called on the Lord , and he heard me for enlargement. 

6 Having the Lord for my helper, I will not fear what man can do 

7 to me. Having the Lord for my helper, I shall look down on 

8 mine enemies. It is better to confide in the Lord than to confide 

9 in man; it is better to trust the Lord than put confidence in 

10 princes. All the nations compassed me about : but by the name 

11 of the Lord I was avenged of them. Compassing me about they 
beset me, but by the name of the Lord I was avenged of them. 

12 They encompassed me as bees do a honey comb : and blazed 
furiously like fire among thorns ; — but by the name of the 


13 Lord I was avenged of them. Being hard pressed, I was on the 

14 point of falling : but the Lord himself supported me. The 
Lord is my strength and my song of praise — he indeed was 

15 my salvation. — A sound of joy and deliverance in the tents 
of the righteous ! The right hand of the Lord hath exerted 

16 power ! The right hand of the Lord hath exalted me ; the right 

1 7 hand of the Lord hath exerted power. I shall not die : but live 

18 and proclaim the works of the Lord. With correction, the Lord 

19 corrected me : but did not deliver me up to death. Open for 
me the gates of righteousness, and I will go in at them and 

20 give thanks to the Lord. This is the gate of the Lord, at it the 

21 righteous are to enter. I will praise thee because thou didst hear 

22 me, and hast been unto me salvation. The stone which the 
builders rejected, was the very one for the head of the corner. 

23 This [salvation] was from the Lord, and it is wonderful in our 

24 eyes. This is the day which the Lord made : on it let us rejoice 

25 and be glad. Lord save, I beseech thee : Lord, I beseech 

26 thee, prosper. Blessed be he who is coming in the name of the 

27 Lord ; we have blessed you of the house of the Lord. God is 
Lord, and he hath shined upon us. Solemnize a festival with 

28 thick boughs, even to the horns of the altar. Thou art my God 
and I will praise thee ; thou art my God and I will exalt thee : 
I will praise thee, because thou hast heard me ; and hast been 

29 unto me salvation. give thanks to the Lord, for he is good ; 
for to everlasting his mercy endureth. 


An Alleluia. 


1 HAPPY the linden" led in the way ! who walk in the law of 

2 the Lord. Happy they who search his testimonies, and seek 

3 him with their whole heart : for they are not workers of iniqui- 

4 ty — they have walked in his ways. Thou hast enjoined the 

5 strict observance of thy precepts. that my ways may be di- 

6 rected, that I may keep thy rules of rectitude. Then I cannot 
be put to shame, when I have respect to all thy command- 

7 ments. I will praise thee with uprightness of heart, when 1 


8 have learned thy righteous judgments. I will keep thy judg- 
ments, forsake me not utterly. 


9 By what can a youth make his way prosperous ? By keep- 

10 ing thy words. I have sought thee with my whole heart ; let 

11 me not be driven from thy commandments. I have hid thine 

12 oracles in my heart, that I may not sin against thee. Lord, 

13 thou art blessed, teach me thy rules of rectitude. With my lips 

14 I have declared all the judgments of thy mouth. I have been 
delighted with the way of thy testimonies, as for all manner of 

15 riches. I will talk continually of thy commandments, and be 

16 attentive to thy ways. I will meditate on thy judgments and 
not forget thy words. 


17 Make retribution to thy servant ; that I may live and keep 

18 thy words. Open mine eyes, that I may discern the wonder- 

19 ous things of thy law. I am a sojourner in this land, hide not 

20 thy commandments from me. My soul is engaged in a conti- 

21 nual longing for thy judgments. Thou hast rebuked the haugh- 

22 ty ; cursed are they who turn aside from thy commands. Ke- 
move from me reproach and contempt, since I have earnestly 

23 sought thy testimonies. For chiefs sat and spoke against me, 

24 but thy servant meditated on thy statutes ; for thy testimonies 
are my study, thy statutes, my counsellors. 


25 My soul cleaveth to the ground; keep me alive according 

26 to thy word. I have declared thy ways and thou hast heard me ; 

27 teach me thy rules of rectitude. Instruct me in the way of thy 

28 statutes, and I will meditate on thy wonders ; my soul drooped 

29 with heaviness ; strengthen me with thy words. Eemove from 
me the way of injustice, and graciously favour me with thy 

30 law. I have chosen the way of truth, and have not forgotten 

31 thy judgments; I have cleaved, O Lord, to thy testimonies; 

32 let me not be put to shame. I ran in the way of thy com- 
mandments, when thou didst enlarge my heart. 


33 Teach me, Lord, the way of thy statutes, and in every 

34 occurrence I will seek it. Give me understanding that I may 

35 search thy law, and keep it with my whole heart. Lead me in 

VOL. II. k k 


the path of thy commandments; for I have delighted therein. 

36 Incline my heart to thy testimonies and not to covetousness. 

37 Turn away mine eyes from beholding vanity — keep me alive 

38 in thy way. Confirm thine oracle to thy servant that thou mayst 

39 be feared. Take away my reproach which I dreaded, because 

40 thy judgments are good. Behold I have longed for thy pre- 
cepts ; quicken me by thy saving goodness. 


41 Lord, let thy mercy come upon me — thy salvation ac- 

42 cording to thy word ; and to them who reproach me I will 

43 make answer, that I have trusted in thy words. And take not 
the word of truth entirely from my mouth, for I have trusted 

44 in thy judgments; and I will keep thy law continually forever 

45 and ever. I indeed have walked in a roomy place, because I 

46 diligently sought thy precepts ; and I have spoken of thy testi- 

47 monies before kings, and was not ashamed : and have medi- 
tated on thy commandments, in which I took great delight ; 

48 and have held up my hands for thy precepts which I loved, 
and meditated on thy rules of rectitude. 


49 Kemember thy words to thy servant, for which thou hast 

50 caused me to hope ; this hath comforted me in mine affliction, 

51 for thine oracle kept me alive. The haughty transgressed to a 

52 great degree, but from thy law I turned not aside. Lord, I 

53 remembered thy judgments of old and was comforted. Horror 
seized me on the account of sinners — of them who utterly for- 

54 sake thy law. Thy statutes were the subject of my songs, in 

55 the place of my pilgrimage. I remembered thy name, Lord, 

56 in the night, and have kept thy law. This was my condition, 
because I diligently sought thy statutes. 


57 Thou, Lord, art my portion; I have determined to keep 

58 thy law. With my whole heart I have entreated thy favour, 

59 be gracious to me according to thy word. I revolved thy ways 

60 in my mind, and turned my feet to thy testimonies. I prepared 
myself and was not troubled, to keep thy commandments. 

61 The cords of sinners entangled me ; but I did not forget thy 

62 law. At midnight I arose to give thee thanks ; because of thy 

63 righteous judgments. I am a companion of all them who fear 


64 thee ; and of them who keep thy commandments. Lord the 
earth is full of thy mercy, teach me thy statutes. 


65 Lord, thou hast dealt kindly with thy servant ; accord- 

66 ing to thy word. Teach me kindness and discipline and know- 

67 ledge ; because I have believed thy commandments. Before I 
was afflicted, I transgressed; for this cause I have kept thy 

68 word. Thou, Lord, art good ; in thy goodness teach me thy 

69 statutes. The iniquity of the proud was multiplied against me : 

70 but I with my whole heart will search thy precepts. Their 

71 heart was curdled like milk : but I meditated on thy law. It 
is good for me that thou hast humbled me : that I might learn 

72 thy rules of rectitude. The law of thy mouth is better to me 
than thousands of gold and silver. 


73 Thy hands have made me and fashioned me : instruct me 

74 that I may learn thy commandments. They who fear thee will 
be glad when they see me ; because I have trusted in thy 

75 words. I know, Lord, that thy judgments are just : and that 

76 thou with truth hast humbled me. ! let thy mercy be my 

77 comfort, according to thy word to thy servant. Let thy tender 
mercies come to me that I may live ; for thy law is my delight. 

78 Let the proud be ashamed, because they have unjustly in- 

79 jured me. But let me meditate on thy precepts. Let them who 
fear thee turn to me — and them who know thy testimonies. 

80 Let my heart be sound in thy statutes, that I may not be 


81 My soul fainteth for thy salvation; I trusted in thy words. 

82 Mine eyes failed for thy promise, saying, When wilt thou 

83 comfort me ? Though I became like a leathern bag in frost ; I 

84 did not forget thy statutes. How many are the days of thy 
servant ? When wilt thou avenge me of my persecutors ? 

S5 Transgressors told me idle tales : but thy law O Lord, taught 

86 me otherwise. All thy commandments are truth. They perse- 

87 cuted me without cause, do thou assist me. They have almost 
finished me on the earth ; but I did not forsake thy precepts. 

88 According to thy mercy quicken me : that I may keep the tes- 
timonies of thy mouth. 



89 Lord, thy word will endure in heaven forever — thy 

90 truth to all generations. Thou hast established the earth and it 

91 shall continue. By thy arrangement day shall continue : for all 

92 things are in subjection to thee. Had not thy law been my 

93 study, I should have perished in my affliction. Let me never 
forget thy rules of rectitude : for by them thou hast kept me 

94 alive. I am thine, save me : for I have diligently sought thy 

95 statutes. Sinners lay in wait for me to destroy me : I under- 

96 stood thy testimonies. Of all perfection I saw a limit; thy 
command is very broad. 


97 ! how I have loved thy law, Lord ! It is my medita- 

98 tion all the day. Thou hast given me a knowledge of thy law 

99 above mine enemies; because it is mine forever. I had more 
understanding than all my teachers : because thy testimonies 

100 are my study. I understood more than elders : because I di- 

101 ligently sought thy commandments. From every evil way 

102 I restrained my feet ; that I might keep thy words. I have 
not turned aside from thy judgments : because thou didst 

103 instruct me. How sweet are thine oracles to my taste ! They 

104 are sweeter than honey to my mouth. From thy precepts I 
got understanding : Therefore I hated every wicked way. 


105 Thy law is a lamp to my feet; and a light to my paths. 

106 I have sworn and determined to keep thy righteous judg- 

107 ments. I have been exceedingly afflicted : quicken me, 

108 Lord, according to thy word. Accept, O Lord, I beseech 
thee, the freewill offerings of my mouth : and teach me thy 

109 judgments. My life is continually in thy hands; and I have 

110 not forgotten thy law. The wicked laid a snare for me : but 

111 I erred not from thy precepts. I have taken thy testimonies 
for an everlasting inheritance : for they are the joy of my 

112 heart. I inclined my heart to perform thy statutes ; for the sake 
of an everlasting reward. 


113 I have hated transgressors and loved thy law. Thou art 

114 my helper and my protector : I have hoped for thy words. 
1.15 Away from me ye evil doers, for I will diligently seek the 


116 cornraandinents of my God. Uphold me according to thy 
word and keep me alive ; and let me not be shamed for mine 

117 expectation. Help me and I shall be saved; and I will medi- 

118 tate continually on thy statutes. Thou hast set at naught all 
who apostatize from thy statutes ; because their inward 

119 thought is wicked. All the sinners of the land I accounted 

120 transgressors; therefore I loved thy testimonies. Penetrate 
my flesh with the dread of thee ; for I am terrified at thy 


121 I have done what is right and just ; deliver me not up 

122 to mine oppressors. Be surety for thy servant for good— let 

123 not the proud oppress me. Mine eyes have failed looking for 
thy salvation, and for the promise of thy saving goodness. 

124 Deal with thy servant according to thy mercy, and teach me 

125 thy statutes. I am thy servant, give me understanding, that 

126 I may know thy testimonies. It is time to act for the Lord ; 

127 they have made void thy law. For this cause I loved thy com- 

128 mandments more than gold or the topaz. For this cause I di- 
rected my course to all thy commandments : I hated every 
evil way. 


129 Thy testimonies are wonderful ; therefore my soul sought 

130 them diligently. The manifestation of thy words will enlight- 

131 en, and make the simple wise. I opened my mouth and pant- 

132 ed, because I longed for thy commandments. Look down 
upon me, and be gracious to me, as thou art to them who love 

133 thy name. Order my steps according to thy word, and let no 

134 iniquity have dominion over me. Deliver me from the oppres- 

135 sion of men, and I will keep thy precepts. Let thy countenance 

136 shine on thy servant ; and teach me thy statutes. Mine eyes 
poured down streams of water, because I did not keep thy law. 


137 Thou, Lord, art righteous; and thy judgments are right. 

138 Thou hast strictly enjoined as thy testimonies, righteousness 

139 and truth. My zeal for thee hath consumed me ; because mine 

140 enemies forgot thy words. Thy word is very pure ; and thy 

141 servant hath loved it. Young and despised as I am, I have not 

142 forgot thy precepts. Thy righteousness is an everlasting 


143 righteousness, and thy law is truth. When affliction and dis- 

144 tress found me, thy commandments were my study; thy tes- 
timonies are everlasting righteousness ; give me understand- 
ing and I shall live. 


145 I have cried with my whole heart, O Lord, hear me ; I 

146 will diligently seek thy statutes. I have cried to thee, save 

147 me ; and I will keep thy testimonies. I awoke before the dawn 
of the morning, and cried ; on thy words I placed my hope. 

148 Mine eyes were awake before the morning dawn, that I might 

149 meditate on thine oracles. Hear my voice, Lord, according 
to thy mercy — according to thy judgment keep me alive. 

150 They, who persecute me unjustly, drew near; but they were 

151 far removed from thy law. Thou, Lord, art near, and all 

152 thy ways are truth. I knew of old from thy testimonies, that 
thou hast founded them forever. 


153 Behold my affliction, and deliver me ; for I have not for- 

154 gotten thy law. Plead my cause and deliver me; on account 

155 of thy word keep me alive. Salvation is far from sinners, be- 

156 cause they did not seek thy statutes. Thy tender mercies, 
Lord, are many; quicken me according to thy judgment. 

157 Many are my persecutors and mine enemies ; yet from thy 

158 testimonies I have not declined. I beheld transgressors and 

159 was grieved; because they did not keep thy words. Consider, 
O Lord, that I have loved thy commandments : in thy mercy 

160 keep me alive. The beginning of thy words was truth, and 
all thy righteous judgments endure forever. 


161 Chiefs persecuted me undeservedly: but my heart stood 

162 in awe of thy words. Let me exult with joy for thine oracles ; 

163 as one who findeth great spoils. I have hated and abominated 

1 64 iniquity : but thy law I have loved. Seven times a day have 

165 I praised thee, for thy righteous judgments. Great peace 
have they who love thy law : and for them there is no stum- 

166 bling block. I have waited, Lord, for thy salvation; and 

167 have loved thy commandments. My soul hath kept thy tes- 

168 timonies and hath loved them exceedingly. I have kept thy 
commandments and thy testimonies : for all my ways, 
Lord, are before thee. 



169 Lord, let my prayer come before thee : give me under- 

170 standing according to thy word. Let my supplication come 
before thee, Lord. According to thy word deliver me. 

171 Let my lips solemnly utter a hymn ; when thou hast taught 

172 me thy statutes. Let my tongue resound thine oracles; for all 

173 thy commandments are righteous. Let thy hand be near to 

174 save me : because I have chosen thy statutes. Lord, I have 
longed earnestly for thy salvation : and thy law is my study. 

175 Let my soul live and praise thee ; and thy judgments be my 

176 support. Like a lost sheep I have gone astray: O seek thy 
servant ; since I have not forgotten thy commandments. 


A Song of the steps. 

1 IN my distress I cried to the Lord ; and he hearkened to 

2 me. Lord, deliver my soul from false lips, and from a de- 

3 ceitful tongue. What should be given thee? Or what return 

4 made thee for a deceitful tongue ? Arrows of the mighty sharp- 

5 ened with devouring coals. Ah woe is me that my sojourn 
is so long protracted — That I have dwelt with the tents of 

6 Kedar — That my soul hath so long dwelt with them, who 

7 hate peace. I was for peace ; but when I spoke they attacked 
me without provocation. — 


A Song of the steps. 

1 I HAVE lifted up mine eyes to the mountains, from which 

2 my help is to come. My help is from the Lord, who made the 

3 heaven and the earth. let him not suffer my feet to stuni- 

4 ble : nor let him, who keepeth me, slumber. Lo ! he who 

5 keepeth Israel, will neither slumber nor sleep. The Lord will 
keep thee ! The Lord at thy right hand will be thy shelter : 

6 the sun by day shall not scorch thee ; nor shall the moon hurt 

7 thee by night. May the Lord preserve thee from all evil ! the 


8 Lord will keep thy soul. The Lord will guard thy coming 
in and going out henceforth and forever. 


A Song of the steps. 

1 I WAS rejoiced when they said to me ; " Let us go to 

2 the house of the Lord." Our feet have been standing in thy 

3 courts, Jerusalem. Jerusalem is built like a city ; with re- 
gard to which, the participation of it is for this very purpose : 

4 for thither the tribes have come up — the tribes of the Lord, 
a testimony to Israel ; that they may give thanks to the name 

5 of the Lord : because there the thrones for judgment are set — 

6 thrones for the house of David. Pray, I beseech you, for the 
peace of Jerusalem ; and for prosperity to them who love thee. 

7 let there be peace in thine army and prosperity in thy pa- 

8 laces! For the sake of my brethren and neighbours, I have 

9 expressed a wish of peace for thee — For the sake of the house 
of the Lord our God, I have earnestly sought thy good. 


A Song of the steps. 

1 TO thee who dwellest in heaven, I have raised mine eyes. 

2 Behold ! as the eyes of servants are on the hands of their mas- 
ters — as the eyes of a maid are on the hands of her mistress, so 
are our eyes on the Lord our God, till he be gracious to us. 

3 Have mercy on us, Lord ; have mercy on us ; for we are 

4 exceedingly filled with contempt. Our soul is filled exceed- 
ingly — we are the scoff of the prosperous and the contempt of 
the haughty. 


A Song of the steps. 

1 HAD not the Lord been on our side (let Israel now say) 

2 had nut the Lord been on our side, when men rose up against 


3 us ; they might have swallowed us up alive — when their wrath 

4 was kindled against us, the water might have overwhelmed us. 

5 Our soul hath passed through a torrent. Hath our soul then 

6 passed through impetuous water? Blessed be the Lord, who 

7 hath not given us as a prey to their teeth ! Our soul hath es- 
caped as a bird from the fowler's snare. The snare was bro- 

8 ken and we have escaped. Our help is in the name of the Lord, 
who made the heaven and the earth. 


A Song of the steps. 

1 THEY who trust in the Lord shall be like mount Sion ; he 

2 who inhabiteth Jerusalem shall never be shaken. Around her 
are mountains ; and the Lord is around his people, from this 

3 time forth and forever ; for the Lord will not suffer the rod of 
the wicked to be over the inheritance of the righteous ; that 
the righteous may not stretch forth their hands to iniquities. 

4 Do good, O Lord, to the good, and to them who are upright 

5 in heart. But them who turn aside into crooked ways, the Lord 
will drive away with the workers of iniquity. Peace be upon 
Israel ! 


A Song of the steps. 

1 WHEN the Lord brought back the captivity of Sion ; we 

2 were like them who are comforted. Then was our mouth filled 
with joy, and our tongue with exultation — then did they say 
among the nations, "The Lord hath done great things for 

3 them." The Lord hath done great things for us ; we are trans- 

4 ported with rapturous joy. Bring back, Lord, our captivity, 

5 like torrents in the south. Let them who sow with tears reap 

6 with rapture. They went step by step and wept sowing their 
seed ; but let them come tripping with joy, carrying their 

VOL. II. l 1 



A Song of the steps. 

1 UNLESS the Lord build the house, the builders have la- 
boured in vain. Unless the Lord guard the city, in vain hath 
the watchman watched — in vain is your early rising. 

2 Ye who eat the bread of care, rise when you have rested — 

3 when he hath given his beloved sleep. Behold sons are an he- 

4 ritage of the Lord— a reward of the fruit of the womb. Like 
shafts in the hands of a mighty man, so are the sons of them 

5 who were shaken off. Happy he who shall satisfy his desire 
with these. They shall not be put to shame, when they speak 
to their enemies in the gates. 


A Song of the steps. 

1 HAPPY are all they who fear the Lord, who walk conti- 

2 nually in his ways. Thou shalt eat the labours of thy hands ; 

3 thou art happy and it shall be well with thee. Thy wife shall 
be in the sides of thy house, like a fruitful vine ; thy children 

4 round thy table, like olive plants. Behold thus shall the man 

5 be blessed, who habitually feareth the Lord. May the Lord 
bless thee for the sake of Sion ; and mayst thou see the good 

6 of Jerusalem all the days of thy life ! And mayst thou see chil- 
dren's children ! Peace be upon Israel. 


A Song of the steps. 

1 Many a time have they warred against me from my youth, 

2 let Israel now say — Many a time they warred against me from 

3 my youth; they did not however prevail over me. Upon my 
back the wicked hammered, they prolonged their iniquity : 

4 the righteous Lord hath broken the necks of the wicked. Let 
6 all who hate Sion be confounded and turned back. Let them 


be like a blade on the house tops, which withereth before it is 

7 pulled up, with which the reaper hath not filled his hand, nor 

8 he who gathereth the sheaves, his bosom ; so that they who 
passed by did not say, "The blessing of the Lord is upon 
you." We have blessed you in the name of the Lord. 


A Song of the steps. 

1 OUT of depths to thee, Lord, I cried; Lord, hearken 

2 to my voice : let thine ears be attentive to the sound of my 

3 prayer. Shouldst thou, Lord, mark iniquities; Lord, 

4 who can subsist? Because there is forgiveness with thee, for 

5 thy name's sake, I have waited for thee, Lord : my soul 

6 hath waited for thy word — my soul hath hoped for the Lord, 

7 from the morning watch till night. Let Israel hope in the Lord, 
for with the Lord there is mercy, and with him plenteous re- 

8 demption. And he himself will redeem Israel from all their in- 


A Song of the steps. 

1 O LORD, my heart is not exalted, nor are mine eyes lofty ; 
Nor have I exercised myself in great things : nor in things too 

2 wonderful for me. Had I not been humble, but exalted myself 
as a weaned child doth against its mother; how thou wouldst 

3 have retributed to my soul! Let Israel hope in the Lord 
henceforth and forever. 


A Song of the steps. 

1 LOED, remember David, and all his meek humility; 

2 how he sware to the Lord, and made his vow to the God of 

3 Jacob : " I will not enter the lodging of my house, nor go up 


4 to my bed of rest; nor give sleep to mine eyes or slumber to 

5 mine eyelids ; nor rest to my temples ; until I find a place for 

6 the Lord — a habitation for the God of Jacob." Behold we had 
heard of this [ark] at Ephrata ; we found it in the fields of the 

7 forest. Let us go to his habitations ; let us worship at the place 

8 where his feet stood. Arise, Lord, and go up to thy rest, 

9 thou and the ark of thy holiness. Let thy priests be clothed 
with righteousness, and thy saints shout for joy. 

10 For the sake of thy servant David, turn not away the face 

11 of thine anointed. The Lord hath sworn a truth to David, and 
will not annul it ; of the fruit of thy body I will set on thy 

12 throne ; if thy children keep my covenant, and these my testi- 
monies, which I will teach them, their children also shall sit on 

13 thy throne forever. For the Lord hath chosen Sion, and made 

14 choice of it for his habitation. This shall be my rest forever. 

15 Here I will dwell, for I have chosen it. With blessings I will 

16 bless her provision ; and satisfy her poor with bread. Her 
priests I will clothe with salvation ; and her saints shall shout 

17 for joy. I will cause a horn for David to spring up there ; I 

18 have prepared a lamp for mine anointed. His enemies I will 
clothe with shame ; but on him my crown shall flourish. 


A Song of the steps. 

1 BEHOLD ! what I pray you, so beautiful, or is there any 

2 thing so pleasant, as brethren dwelling in unity ? This is like 
precious ointment on the head, which floweth down to the 
beard — on the beard of Aaron, down to the hem of his robe. 

3 It is like the dew of Hermon, which descendeth on the moun- 
tains of Sion ; for there the Lord commanded the blessing, 
Life for evermore. 


A Song of the steps. 
1 ATTEND ! bless the Lord, all ye servants of the Lord, 


who stand in the house of the Lord — in the courts of the house 

2 of our God. At night, lift up your hands to the holies and bless 

3 the Lord. May the Lord out of Sion bless thee : — he who made 
the heaven and the earth. 


An Alleluia. 

1 PRAISE the name of the Lord — praise the Lord, ye his ser- 

2 vants, who wait in the house of the Lord — in the courts of the 

3 house of our God. Praise the Lord ; for the Lord is good ; 

4 with instruments of musick praise his name ; for it is good. For 
the Lord hath made choice of Jacob for himself — of Israel for 

5 his peculiar treasure. For I know that the Lord is great, and 

6 that our Lord is above all the Gods. All that the Lord pleased 
he hath done in heaven and on earth : in the seas and in all the 

7 deeps. When he brought clouds from the end of the earth ; he 

8 made lightnings for the purpose of rain. He it is who bringeth 
winds out of his treasuries : who smote the first born of 

9 Egypt— the first born both of man and beast. Amidst thee, 
Egypt, he sent his signs and wonders, on Pharao and on all 

10 his servants. It was he who smote many nations; and slew 

11 kings of mighty power — Seon king of the Amorites, and Og, 

12 the king of Basan, and all the kingdoms of Chanaan ; and gave 
their land for an inheritance — for an inheritance for his people 

13 Israel. Lord, thy name is forever, and the memorial of thee 

14 to all generations ; for the Lord will judge his people, and take 

15 comfort in his servants. The idols of the nations are gold and 

16 silver — the workmanship of men's hands. They have a mouth, 

17 but cannot speak : eyes they have, but they cannot see ; they 
have ears, but they cannot hear ; nor is there any breath in their 

18 mouth. May they who make them be like them ; and all they 

19 who have trusted in them. O house of Israel, bless ye the 

20 Lord : bless the Lord ye of the house of Aaron. house of 
Levi, bless ye the Lord; bless him, ye who fear the Lord. 

21 Blessed be the Lord in Sion — he who inhabiteth Jerusalem. 



An Alleluia. 

1 GIVE thanks to the Lord for he is good ; for his mercy 

2 endureth forever. 0, give thanks to the God of Gods, for his 

3 mercy endnreth forever. Give thanks to the Lord of Lords ; for 

4 his mercy endureth forever. To him who alone hath done great 

5 wonders; for his mercy endureth forever — to him who made 
the heavens with wisdom : for his mercy endureth forever — 

6 to him who established the earth on the waters : for his mercy 

7 endureth forever — to him who alone made the great lights : 

8 for his mercy endureth forever — the sun to rule the day : for 

9 his mercy endureth forever — the moon and the stars to rule 

1 the night ; for his mercy endureth forever — to him who smote 
Egypt with their first born ; for his mercy endureth for ever — 

11 and brought out Israel from among theni ; for his mercy en- 

1 2 dureth forever : with a strong hand and an outstretched arm ; 

13 for his mercy endureth forever — to him who divided the Red 

14 sea into parts ; for his mercy endureth forever. And led Israel 
through the midst thereof : for his mercy endureth forever : 

15 but shook off Pharao and his hosts into the Eed sea; for his 

16 mercy endureth forever:— to him, who led his people through 

17 the desert ; for his mercy endureth forever — to him who smote 

18 great kings ; for his mercy endureth forever : and slew kings 

19 of mighty power : for his mercy endureth forever. — Seon 

20 king of the Amorites ; for his mercy endureth forever ; And 

21 Og the king of Basan; for his mercy endureth forever: and 
gave their land for an inheritance ; for his mercy endureth for 

22 ever : an inheritance for Israel his servant ; for his mercy en- 

23 dureth forever : because in our affliction the Lord remember- 

24 ed us ; for his mercy endureth forever ; and redeemed us from 

25 our enemies ; for his mercy endureth forever. He it is who giv- 

26 eth food to all flesh : for his mercy endureth forever. give 
thanks to the God of heaven : for to everlasting his mercy en- 


For David, a Psalm of Jeremias. 
1 BY the rivers of Babylon there we sat down and wept, 


2 when we remembered Sion. Upon the willows in the midst of 

3 it we hung up our harps ; for there they who had captivated us, 
asked of us the words of a song : and they who had led us away, 
asked for a hymn, saying, Sing for us some of the odes of 

4 Sion. How can we sing the song of the Lord in a strange 

5 country ? Jerusalem, if I forget thee, let my right hand he 

6 forgotten. Let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth, if I 
do not remember thee — if I set not Jerusalem foremost, as the 
chief object of my joy. 

7 Kemember, Lord, the children of Edom ; who in the day 

8 of Jerusalem said, Ease ! Ease ! down to its foundations ! 
daughter of Babylon the miserable ! Happy he who shall ren- 

9 der thee thy recompense ; for what thou hast done to us ! Hap- 
py be who shall seize and dash thy infants against stones ! 


A Psalm by David, used by Ag gains and Zacharias. 

1 I WILL adore thee, Lord, with my whole heart. And 
with instrumental musick sing to thee before angels : because 

2 thou hast heard all the words of my mouth. I will worship be- 
fore thy holy temple ; and adore thy name for thy mercy and 
thy truth ; because thou hast magnified above all thy holy 

3 name. On the day wiien I invoke thee, answer me speedily : 

4 thou canst strengthen me in my soul with thy strength ; let all 
the kings of this land adore thee, Lord, because they have 

5 heard all the words of thy mouth. And let them sing in the 

6 ways of the Lord : because the glory of the Lord is great. For 
the Lord is high and looketh down on the things which are 
low : and from afar he knoweth the things which are high. 

7 Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou canst keep me 
alive. Against the rage of enemies thou hast stretched forth 

8 thy hand : and thy right hand hath saved me. Thou, Lord 
wilt retribute for me. Lord, thy mercy endureth forever; 
overlook not the works of thy hands. 



For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 LORD, thou hast proved me and known me. Thou 

2 knowest my sitting down and my rising up. Thou from afar 

3 understandest my thoughts. Thou has tracked my path and 
my line : and hast seen distinctly all my ways — that there is 

4 not an evil word on my tongue. Behold thou, Lord, know- 

5 est all things — the last and the things of earliest date. Thou 

6 hast formed me and laid thy hand on me. This knowledge of 
thine is too wonderful for me. It is great beyond my compre- 

7 hension. Whither can I go from thy spirit ? And from thy pre- 

8 sence whither can I flee ? If I ascend up to heaven, thou art 
there. If I go down to the mansion of the dead, there thou art. 

9 If I wing my flight towards the morning ; or dwell at the ex- 

10 tremes of this sea ; even there thy hand will guide me ; and thy 

11 right hand will restrain me. When I said, Darkness will surely 
trample me down : then to my great joy, night was luminous. 

12 For darkness cannot darken from thee ; even night can be 
made light as day : the darkness of that, as the light of this. 

13 Because thou, Lord, hast possessed my reins — hast sup- 

14 ported me from my mother's womb ; I will adore thee, for 
thou art awfully wonderful. Thy works are wonderful ; as my 

15 soul well knoweth. From thee was not concealed this bone of 

16 mine ; which thou in secret didst fashion. When my substance 
was in the lowest parts of the earth ; thine eyes beheld the un- 
wrought part of me. When on thy book all shall be enrolled ; 

17 they will day by day be fashioned. When none among these 
were yet in being ; for me these friends of thine, God, were 
highly prized: their principalities were made very strong. 

18 Were I to number them, they would surpass the sand. I have 

19 been raised up and am still with thee. Since thou, God, 

20 slayest sinners : begone from me ye bloody men. For in an- 
swer to their reasoning thou wilt say, In vain shall they take 

21 these cities of thine. Have I not, Lord, hated them who hate 

22 thee ; and been melted for them who are thine enemies ! With 
perfect hatred I have hated them — I have accounted them mine 

23 enemies. Try me, O God, and know my heart : examine me 


24 and know my ways ; and see if there be in me any trace of ini- 
quity ; and lead me in an everlasting way. 


For the conclusion. A Psalm. By David. 

1 DELIVEE me, Lord, from a wicked commoner : from 

2 an unjust man of rank, preserve me ; who hath contrived mis- 
chief in their heart. All the day long they prepared battles : 

3 they sharpened their tongue like that of a serpent : the poison 

4 of asps was under their lips. Keep me, Lord, from the hand 
of a sinner : deliver me from unjust men ; who have formed 

5 contrivances to supplant my steps. The haughty hid a snare 
for me — they spread out nets for my feet — close by the way 

6 they laid for me a stumbling block. I said to the Lord, Thou 

7 art my God. Hear Lord, the voice of my supplication. 

8 Lord, Lord, the strength of my salvation ! Thou hast cover- 
ed my head in the day of battle. Deliver me not up to the 
wicked from my desire. Against me they have formed de- 

9 vices : Forsake me not, lest they be exalted. Let the amount 
of their compassings — the labour of their lips cover them. 

10 On them shall fall coals of fire in the land ; and thou wilt over- 
throw them with miseries ; that they may not rise up again. 

11 A tattling chief cannot prosper in the land : evils will hunt 

12 to destruction a man of violence. I know that the Lord will 
maintain the cause of the afflicted and the right of the needy : 

13 moreover, that the righteous will adore thy name — that the 
upright shall dwell in thy presence. 


A Psalm by David. 

1 TO thee, Lord, I have cried, hearken to me — attend 

2 to the sound of my supplication. When I cry to thee ; let my 
prayer come before thee as incense — and the lifting up of my 

3 hands as an evening sacrifice. Set a watch, Lord, on my 

4 mouth ; and guard the door of my lips. Let not my heart 

VOL. II. M m 


turn aside to wicked deeds — to form excuses for sins with 
men who work iniquity : nor let me associate with their cho- 

5 sen bands. Let a righteous man correct me with mercy ; and 
he will work conviction in me : but let not the oil of a sinner 
(for this shall still be my prayer) anoint my head at their pleasure. 

6 Their strong men were swallowed up near a rock: let them 

7 hear my words for they were sweet. As if a lump of earth was 
broken on the ground ; our bones were scattered at the grave's 

8 mouth. Since mine eyes are to thee, Lord, Lord — in thee 
I have placed my confidence ; deliver not my soul to destruc- 

9 tion. Keep me from the snare they have laid for me : and 
10 from the stumbling blocks of the workers of iniquity. The 

wicked shall fall by their own net, I am in private till I can 


On understanding. By David when he was in the cave. A 


1 WITH my voice I cried to the Lord — to the Lord I made 

2 supplication with my voice. Before him I pour out my prayer : 

3 before him I will declare my affliction. When my spirit faint- 
ed thou knewest my paths. In the way I was going they hid 

4 a snare for me. I looked to the right ; and observed that none 
was there, who knew me. Flight was cut off from me ; and 

5 is he not earnestly seeking my life ? To thee, Lord, I 
cried and said, Thou art my hope — my portion in the land of 

6 the living. Attend to my supplication ; for I am brought very 
low : deliver me from my persecutors ; for they are stronger 

7 than I. Bring my soul out of prison, that I may adore thy 
name, Lord. Let the righteous wait for me, till thou shalt 
reward me. 


A Psalm by David, when his son was pursuing him. 

1 O LORD, hearken to my prayer! Listen to my supplica- 

2 tion in thy truth ; answer me in thy saving goodness ; and enter 
not into judgment with thy servant ; for in thy sight no man 
living can be justified. 


3 Because the enemy hath earnestly sought my life — hath 
humbled my life to the ground — hath caused me to sit in dark 

4 places, like them who have been long dead ; therefore my spi- 
rit was overwhelmed with grief; my heart within me was trou- 

5 bled and I remembered the days of old. I meditated on all thy 

6 works — I mused on the works of thy hands. I spread forth 
my hands to thee ; for thee my soul thirsted like land without 

7 water. Hear me speedily, Lord ; my spirit hath failed. Turn 
not away thy face from me ; nor let me be like them who go 
down to the pit. 

8 Cause me to hear thy kindness in the morning ; for in thee 
I have placed my confidence. O Lord, let me know which 
way I shall go ; for to thee I have lifted up my soul. 

9 Deliver me, Lord, from mine enemies ; for to thee I have 

10 fled for refuge. Teach me to do thy will ; for thou art my God. 
Let thy good spirit lead me in the right way. 

11 For the sake of thy name, thou, Lord, wilt keep me 
alive — in thy saving goodness thou wilt bring my soul out of 

12 trouble, and in thy mercy cut off mine enemies, and destroy 
all them that afflict my soul ; for I am thy servant. 


By David. On Goliath. 

1 BLESSED be the Lord my God, who teacheth my hands to 

2 war and my fingers to fight. He is my mercy and my refuge — 
my support and my deliverer, my protector in whom I trusted, 
who subdueth the people under me. 

3 Lord, what is man that thou shouldst acknowledge him, 

4 or a son of man that thou shouldst regard him ! Man is like 
vanity, his days glide away like a shadow. 

5 Lord, bow thy heaven and come down : touch the moun- 

6 tains and let them smoke. Flash lightnings and thou wilt scat- 

7 ter them ; dart thy bolts and thou wilt discomfit them ; stretch 
forth thy hand from on high ; rescue me and deliver me from 
many waters — out of the hand of the children of strangers, 

8 whose mouth hath uttered falsehood, and whose right hand is 
a right hand of deceit 


9 O God, to thee I will sing a new song — to thee I will play 

10 on a ten stringed psaltery, to him who giveth salvation to kings, 
who hath redeemed his servant David from the hurtful sword. 

11 Eescue me and deliver me out of the hand of the children of 
strangers, whose mouth hath uttered falsehood, and whose right 

12 hand is a right hand of deceit — whose sons are like trees well 
planted when young; their daughters beauteous, adorned like 

13 shrines ; their store houses full and overflowing ; their flocks 

14 prolific, abounding in their outwalks ; their herds fat. There is 
no destruction of enclosures — no breaking out — no screaming 

15 in their folds. The people who had such things were hailed 
happy ; but happy is the people, whose God is the Lord. 


A Psalm of praise. By David, 

1 I WILL extol thee, my God, my king : and bless thy 

2 name for ever and ever. Day by day I will bless thee, and 

3 praise thy name for ever and ever. The Lord is great and 
greatly to be praised ; and of his greatness there is no end. 

-1 Let generation after generation praise thy works, and proclaim 
5 thy mighty power : Let them speak of the transcendant glory 
G of thy majesty, and relate thy wonderous works. Let them ex- 
press the might of thine awful dealings, and rehearse thy great- 

7 ness. Let them make mention of thine abundant goodness, and 

8 exult with joy in thy saving mercy. The Lord is gracious and 

9 merciful : long suffering and abundant in kindness. The Lord 
is kind to them who wait, and his mercies are over all his 

10 works. Let all thy works, Lord, praise thee, and let thy 

11 saints bless thee; let them speak of the glory of thy kingdom, 

12 and talk of thy government : to make known thy government 
to the sons of men, and the transcendant glory of thy kingdom. 

13 Thy kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and thy dominion, 

1 4 throughout all generations. The Lord is faithful in his words, 

15 and bountiful in all his works. The Lord upholdeth all that are 

16 falling, and raiseth up all who are broken down. The eyes of 
all wait upon thee : and thou givest them their food in due sea- 

17 son; thou openest thy hands, and satisfiest the desire of every 


18 living thing. The Lord is righteous in all his ways, and boun- 

19 tiful in all his works. The Lord is near to all who invoke him — 

20 to all that call upon him with truth. He will fulfil the desire of 
them who fear him : he will hear their prayer and save them. 

21 The Lord keepeth all them who love him; but all the wicked 

22 he will utterly destroy. Let my mouth speak the praise of the 
Lord : and let all flesh bless his holy name, for ever and for 


An Alleluia, of Aggaius and Zacharias. 

1 PRAISE the Lord, my soul : while I live I will praise the 

2 Lord. I will sing praises to God, while I have a being. Trust 

3 not in chiefs, nor in sons of men, in whom there is no safety. 

4 His breath goeth out and he shall return to his earth ; on that 

5 day all his projects shall perish. Happy he whose helper is the 

6 God of Jacob : his hope is in the Lord his God, who made the 

7 heaven and the earth, the sea and all the things in them ; who 
keepeth truth forever, executing judgment for the aggrieved, 

8 giving food to the hungry. The Lord looseth them who were 
bound. The Lord causeth the blind to see clearly. The Lord 
raiseth up them who were broken down. The Lord loveth the 

9 righteous. The Lord preserveth the strangers. He will support 
the orphan and the widow, and destroy the way of the wicked. 

10 The Lord will reign forever — thy God, Sion, throughout 
all generations. 


An Alleluia, of Aggaius oral Zacharias. 

1 PKAISE the Lord, for good is a song of praise ; to our 

2 God let praise be sweetly sung. The Lord is rebuilding Jeru- 

3 salem ; and he will gather the dispersions of Israel. He healeth 

4 the broken hearted, and bindeth up their wounds ; he number- 
eth the multitudes of stars, and calleth them all by their names. 

5 Great is our Lord and great his power ; and infinite in his un- 


6 derstandiug. The Lord raiseth up the meek ; and humbleth 

7 sinners to the ground. Sing alternately to the Lord with thanks- 
giving. In concert with the kithara, sing praises to our God — 

8 to him who covereth the heaven with clouds — to him who pro- 
videth rain for the earth — to him who causeth grass to grow on 

9 mountains, and bladed corn for the use of man ; and who giv- 
eth suitable food to cattle, and to the young ravens which call 

10 on him. In the courage of the horse he will not delight, nor is 

11 he pleased with the agility of the warrior. The Lord delighteth 
in them who fear him, and in all them who trust in his mercy. 

An Alleluia, of A g gains and Zacharias. 

12 PEAISE the Lord, Jerusalem : Sion, praise thy God ; 

13 for he hath strengthened the bars of thy gates ; he hath blessed 

14 thy children within thee. He maketh thy borders peace, and 

15 feedeth thee with the finest wheat;— he is sending his oracle 

16 to this land : his word shall run with speed. When he giveth 
snow like wool — when he scattereth the hoar frost like ashes ; 

17 when he sendeth down like morsels his chrystal hail ; who can 

18 stand before his cold? Let him but send forth his word and he 
will melt them — let him but blow his breath and the waters 

19 will flow. He is sending his word to Jacob — his statutes and his 

20 judgments to Israel. He hath not dealt thus with any nation, 
nor hath he laid open to them his judgments. 


An Alleluia of Aggaius and Zacharias. 

1 PKAISE the Lord, ye of the heavens : praise him, ye in 

2 the highest. Praise him all ye his angels : praise him all ye 

3 his hosts. Sun and moon ! Praise him : praise him all ye stars 

4 and light. Praise him ye heavens of heavens : and thou water 

5 under the heavens ! let them praise the name of the Lord ; 
for he spake and they were produced : he commanded and 

6 they were created. He established them forever and ever: he 


7 made a decree and it shall not pass away. Praise the Lord ye 

8 of the earth ! dragons and all deeps ! Fire, hail, snow, ice, 

9 tempestuous wind, which execute his commands ! Moun- 

10 tains, and all hills ! fruit trees and all cedars ! wild beasts 

11 and all cattle ! creeping things and winged fowls ! Kings of 
the earth, and all peoples ! chiefs and all judges of the earth ! 

12 youths and virgins ! elders with them of younger years ! let 

13 them praise the name of the Lord ; for his name alone is 
exalted. To him belongeth thanksgiving, on earth and in 

14 heaven. When he shall exalt the horn of his people, let there 
be a song of praise among all his saints — among the children 
of Israel — a people who draw near to him. 


An Alleluia. 

1 SING to the Lord a new song. Praise is his due in the 

2 congregation of saints. Let Israel rejoice in his maker — and 

3 the children of Sion exult in their king. Let them praise his 
name in choirs — on the tympanum and psaltery sing praises 

4 to him : for the Lord taketh pleasure in his people ; and with 

5 salvation he will exalt the meek. Let the saints triumph in 

6 glory ; and exult with joy on their beds. Let the high praises 
of God be in their mouth ; and in their hands two edged 

7 swords ; to execute vengeance on the nations — rebukes among 

8 peoples. To bind their kings with fetters ; and their nobles 

9 with chains of iron : to execute on them the judgments writ- 
ten. Such is the honour which all his saints have. 


An Alleluia. 

1 PKAISE God in his holies; praise him in the firmament 

2 of his power. Praise him for his mighty acts : praise him ac- 
.3 cording to his abundant majesty : praise him with the sound- 
4 ing trumpet : praise him with the psaltery and kithara : praise 

him with the tympanum and chorus : praise him with stringed 


5 instruments and organs; praise him with soft sounding cym- 

6 bals : praise him with the cymbals of triumph : let every breath 
praise the Lord. 

N. B. There is in the Septuagint another Psalm, with this 
title: — This Psalm on David was written by himself 
in prose, when he fought in single combat with Goliath. 

I was little among my brethren, and the youngest of my fa- 
ther's family. I fed my father's flocks. My hands had made an 
organ ; and my fingers had tuned a psaltery. But who will tell 
my Lord. My Lord himself heareth. He sent his messenger and 
took me from my father's flocks and anointed me with anointing 
oil. My brothers were comely and great ; but the Lord did not 
delight in them. I went out to meet the Philistine, and he cur- 
sed me by his idols. But I drew his own sword and cut off his 
head, and took away reproach from the children of Israel. 


I. The Proverbs of David's son Sol '0711011, who reigned 

over Israel, to give a knowledge of ivisdom and instruction — 
the perception of the words of prudence — the interpretation 
of sentences — a discernment of true justice ; and to direct 
judgment, that he might give sagacity to the innocent; and 
to the youth knowledge and discretion : for by attending to 
them a wise man will become wiser ; and a man of under- 
standing will possess a ride of government and will under- 
stand a proverb and dark speech and the sayings of the wise 
and parables. 

7 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom. And all 
who practise this have good understanding. And piety towards 
God is the beginning of discernment : but the wicked despise 
wisdom and instruction. 

8 My son, hear the instruction of thy father and reject not 

9 the maxims of thy mother: for thou wilt receive a graceful 
crown for thy head ; and a chain of gold for thy neck. 

10 My son, let not wicked men lead thee astray. Consent not 

11 when they advise thee, saying, Come with us ; partake of blood ; 
and let us hide in the earth an innocent man without cause, 

12 and swallow him up alive, as the grave, and take away from 
earth the remembrance of him. Let us seize his precious sub- 
stance and fill our houses with spoils. Cast in thy lot among 
us, and let us all have a common purse. Let one scrip serve us. 

15 Go not thou in the way with them ; but turn thy foot from their 
paths. For nets are not spread for birds unjustly. For they who 
are accomplices to murder, treasure up evils for themselves. 
And doleful is the destruction of wicked men. Such are the 
ways of all who commit iniquitous deeds. For by wickedness 
they destroy their own soul. 

20 Wisdom uttereth her song at the gates and in the streets 
speaketh boldly; and on the tops of walls she maketh procla- 
mation ; and at the gates of mighty men taketh a seat and at the 
gates of a city with confidence saith, 

22 " While the innocent adhere to justice they shall not be put 
to shame : but as for fools who delight in mischief, having 
become wicked they hated knowledge and are become liable 
to censures. Behold I will pour forth to you the dictate of my 
spirit : and teach you this word of mine — seeing I have called 
vol. 11. N n 


and you have not answered: and though I continued my 
speech, you did not attend : but set at naught my counsels and 

26 disregarded my reproofs : therefore I will laugh at your calam- 

27 ity ; and mock when your destruction cometh. Yes, when tu- 
mult shall suddenly come upon you ; and destruction like a 
whirlwind shall be at hand — even when tribulation and siege 
approach you ; or when destruction is advancing upon you. 

28 For when you call upon me I will not listen to you. The wick- 

29 ed may seek me, but they shall not find me. For they hated 

30 wisdom and did not chuse the word of the Lord: nor would 

31 they attend to my counsels, but contemned my reproofs: Let 
them eat, therefore, the fruits of their own way ; and be filled 

32 with their own iniquity. For, because they wronged infants 
they shall be slain: and a rigorous inquest shall destroy the 

33 wicked. But he who hearkeneth to me shall dwell with hope ; 
and rest secure from all evil." 

II. My son, if thou wilt receive the dictate which I enjoin 

and hide it with thee, thine ear will hearken to wisdom ; and 

thou wilt apply thy heart to understanding, and transmit it for 

3 instruction to thy son. For if thou wilt call upon wisdom : 

and utter thy voice for understanding — if thou wilt seek for it 

5 as silver ; and search for it as for treasures ; then thou shalt 
understand the fear of the Lord ; and find the knowledge of 

6 God. For the Lord giveth wisdom; and from his presence is 
knowledge and understanding : and he treasureth up salva- 

7 tion for the upright. He will protect their going, that they may 

8 keep the paths of rectitude. And he will guard the way of 

9 them who reverence him. Then thou shalt understand judg- 

10 ment and justice ; and direct all thy wheels right. For when 
wisdom entereth into thine understanding : and knowledge ap- 

11 peareth pleasant to thy soul : good counsel will keep thee, and 

12 holy prudence will guard thee : that she may deliver thee from 
an evil way and from a man who speaketh perversely. 

13 Alas for them who leave straight paths to walk in the ways 

14 of darkness ; who are delighted with evils and have joy in evil 

15 perversion ; whose ways are crooked, and whose paths turn 

16 aside to lead thee far from the straight road and estrange thee 
from a just determination. 

17 My son, let not evil counsel, who hath forsaken the disci- 


pline of youth and hath forgotten the divine covenant, take 

18 hold of thee. For she hath placed her house near death ; and 
her wheels with the earth born near the mansion of the 

19 dead. None who walk by her direction can ever return ; nor 

20 ever recover the right paths. For they are not taken hold of 
by years of life. If they indeed had walked in good ways: 

21 they would have found the paths of justice smooth. Because 
the upright shall inhabit the land ; and the holy shall be left in 

22 it ; the ways of the wicked shall be destroyed from the land ; 
and the transgressors shall be driven out of it. 

III. My son, forget not my laws; but let thy heart keep my 
commandments. For they will add to thee length of days and 
years of life and peace. 
2 Let not acts of kindness and faithfulness forsake thee : but 

4 bind them about thy neck and thou shalt find favour. Be pro- 
vident in regard to things good in the sight of the Lord and 

5 of men. Trust in God with thy whole heart ; and be not elated 

6 for thine own wisdom. Shew it in all thy ways, that it may make 

7 thy paths straight. Be not wise in thine own conceit ; but fear 

8 God and depart from all evil : then shall thy body have health 

9 and thy bones a cure. Honour the Lord with some of thy 
righteous labours : and set apart for him some of thy fruits of 

10 righteousness : that thy barns may be plenteously filled with 
corn ; and that thy vats may overflow with wine. 

11 My son, slight not the correction of the Lord ; nor faint 

12 when reproved by him : for whom the Lord loveth he reprov- 
eth : and chastiseth every son whom he receiveth. 

13 Happy the man, who hath found wisdom : and the mortal 

14 who hath seen prudence : for it is better to traffick for her, 

15 than for treasures of gold and silver. She is more precious 
than costly stones : and nothing evil can be compared to her. 
She is easily known by all who approach her ; but no price is 

16 equal to her in value. For length of days and years of life are 
in her right hand ; and in her left, riches and glory. Out of her 
mouth proceedeth righteousness : and on her tongue she car- 

17 rieth law and mercy. Her ways are ways of pleasantness and 

18 all her paths are peace. She is a tree of life to all who take 
hold of her; and safe for them who rely on her, as on the Lord. 

19 By wisdom God founded the earth; and by understanding he 


20 furnished the heavens. By knowledge the deeps were broken 
up and the clouds distilled dew. 

21 My son, be not wanting in retention : but keep my counsel, 

22 namely, the sentiment : that thy soul may live and that grace 
may be around thy neck : and it will be health to thy flesh and 

23 a cure for thy bones ; that thou mayst proceed on in all thy 
ways in peace and security ; and that thy foot may not stumble. 

24 For when thou liest down, thou shalt be free from fear : and 

25 when thou sleej)est, thou shalt sleep sweetly ; and shalt not fear 
the bursting in of terror; nor the sudden assaults of wicked 

26 men. For the Lord will be over all thy ways, and will support 
thy foot that thou mayst not be shaken. 

27 Delay not to do good to the needy, when it is in the power 

28 of thy hand to help. Do not say, Go away and come again : to- 
morrow I will give ; when thou hast it in thy power to do 
good : for thou knowest not what to-morrow will bring forth. 

29 Devise not evils against thy friend ; who sojourneth with 
thee and confideth in thee. 

30 Be not at enmity with a man without cause ; lest he do thee 
some mischief. 

31 Acquire not the reproaches of bad men, nor be fond of 

32 their ways. For every transgressor is impure in the sight of 
the Lord ; and among the righteous he taketh not a seat. 

33 The curse of God is in the houses of the wicked : but the 

34 folds of the righteous are blessed. The Lord resisteth the proud ; 

35 but he granteth favour to the humble. The wise shall inherit 
glory ; but the wicked have extolled dishonour. 

IV. Hear, children, the instructions of a father ; and attend 

2 to know the meaning : for I am giving you a good gift ; forsake 

3 not my law : for I was a son obedient to a father ; and beloved 

4 in the sight of a mother : and they said when they taught me, 

" Let our words sink deep in thy heart. Keep our com- 

5 mandments ; do not forget — overlook not the dictate of my 

6 mouth : forsake it not, and it will defend thee : love it and it 

8 will preserve thee : secure it and it will exalt thee : honour it 

9 that it may embrace thee : that it may be to thy head a crown 
of graces and cover thee with a crown of pleasure." 

10 Hear my son and receive my words; that, when the years 
of thy life shall be multiplied, thou mayst have many ways of 


11a livelihood : for I am teaching thee ways of wisdom ; and 

12 confirming thee in right paths. For when thou goest, thy steps 
will not be straitened : and when thou runnest thou shalt not 

13 be tired. Take fast hold of mine instruction, let it not go : but 

14 keep it for thyself during thy life. Go not in the ways of wick- 

15 ed men ; nor be fond of the ways of transgressors. In what 
place soever they encamp, go not thither : but turn away from 

16 them and keep at a distance : for they cannot sleep. Unless 
they do evil ; their sleep is taken from them and they cannot 

17 lie down to rest. For they eat the bread of wickedness; and 
drink plentifully of the wine of violence. But the paths of the 
just shine like light ; shining more and more until it is perfect 

19 day. But the ways of the wicked being dark ; they know not 
at what they stumble. 

20 Attend, my son, to my speech, and incline thine ear to my 

21 words. That thy fountains may not fail thee, keep them in thy 

22 heart ; for they are life to them who find them and health to all 

23 flesh. Guard thy heart with all diligence ; for out of these are 
2-1 the issues of life. Put away from thee a fro ward mouth, and 

25 put perverse lips far from thee. Let thine eyes look straight 

26 forward and thine eyelids wink justly. Make straight paths 

27 with thy feet and order all thy ways right. Turn not to the 
right, nor the left ; but turn away thy foot from an evil way ; 
for God knoweth the ways on the right, but those on the left 
are crooked. But he will make thy paths straight and conduct 
thy steps in peace. 

V. My son, attend to my wisdom, and incline thine ear to my 

2 words, that thou mayst keep a good understanding. Now the 
sense of my lips giveth thee this injunction — listen not to an 

3 abandoned woman ; for honey droppeth from the lips of a har- 

4 lot, which for a while pleaseth thy palate ; but in the end thou 
wilt find it bitterer than gall, and sharper than a two edged 

5 sword. For the feet of folly lead them, who indulge themselves 

6 with her, down with death to the mansion of the dead. Her 
steps indeed are not established, for she walketh not in the 

7 ways of life. Her paths are slippery and not easily known. Now 

8 therefore, my son, hearken to me and slight not my words. Re- 
move thy way far from her, go not near the doors of her house ; 

9 That thou mayst not give thy life to others, and thy substance 


10 to the cruel : that strangers may not be filled with thy wealth, 

11 and thy labours go into the houses of strangers, and thou at 
last be grieved. When the flesh of thy body is consumed, then 

12 thou wilt say, " How have I hated instruction, and my heart 

13 despised reproof ! I hearkened not to the voice of him who in- 

14 structed me and taught me ; nor have I inclined mine ear. I 
have been almost in all evil, in the midst of the assembly and 

15 Drink water from thine own vessels, and from the wells of 

16 thine own fountain. Let not the waters from thy fountain over- 

17 flow for thee; but let thy waters run in thine own streets. Let them 

18 be for thyself only, and let no stranger partake with thee. Let thy 
fountain of water be appropriate to thyself; and rejoice with 

19 the wife of thy youth. Let thy loving hind and graceful fawn 
converse with thee ; and let her be accounted peculiarly thine, 
and be with thee on all occasions. For ravished with her love 

20 thou wilt become a numerous family. Be not devoted to a 
strange woman, nor embraced in the arms of one not thine own. 

21 For the ways of a husband are before the eyes of God, and he 

22 examineth narrowly all his paths. Iniquities hunt a man ; but 

23 every one is caught by the cords of his own sins. Such a one 
dieth with the uninstructed, but from his plentiful means of liv- 
ing he was cast out, and perished by reason of folly. 

VI. My son, if thou become surety for thy friend, thou wilt 

2 deliver up thy hand to an enemy. For a man's own lips are a 
powerful snare, and he is caught by the words of his own mouth. 

3 Do, my son, what I enjoin thee, and save thyself; for thou art 
come into the hands of bad men on thy friend's account. Be 
not remiss, but importune thy friend for whom thou art surety. 

4 Give no sleep to thine eyes, nor slumber to thine eyelids, that 
thou mayst be saved like a roe from a toil, and like a bird from 
a snare. 

6 Go to the ant, thou sluggard; and having seen its ways 

7 follow the example and be wiser than it. For having no culti- 

8 vated field, no driver, nor master, it provideth its food in sum- 
mer, and layeth up a plentiful supply in harvest. Or go to the 
bee and learn what a worker she is : and how seriously she per- 
formeth her work, to the labours of which both kings and sub- 
jects apply themselves as far as health permits ; and to all it is 


agreeable and honourable. And though her strength be small, 

9 having honoured wisdom she is diligently employed. How long 

wilt thou sleep, sluggard, and when wilt thou rouse from 

10 sleep ? Thou art sleeping a little — but resting a little— but tak- 
ing a short nap — but folding thy hands a little while on thy 

11 breast ! But is not poverty coming upon thee like an unwel- 
come traveller ? And want like a speedy courier ? Whereas if 
thou be diligent ; thy harvest will come like a fountain, and want 
like a bad courier will run away. 

12 A man void of understanding, and a transgressor, walketh 

13 in ways which are not good. But he winketh with his eye and 
maketh a sign with his foot; and teacheth, by pointing his 

14 fingers ; his depraved heart contriveth mischief. Such a one is 

15 continually raising tumults in a city. For this cause his de- 
struction cometh suddenly — wounds and incurable bruises. 

16 Because he delighteth in all those things which God hateth : 

17 therefore he is destroyed for the depravity of his soul. His eye 
is that of a scorner; his tongue is false; his hands are employ- 

18 ed in shedding innocent blood — his heart contriveth wicked 

19 purposes, and his feet are swift to do evil : as a false witness 
he spreadeth lies, and soweth discord among brethren. 

20 My son, keep the laws of thy father, and reject not the max- 

21 ims of thy mother. Bind them continually on thy mind : and 

22 tie them as a chain around thy neck. When thou walkest, take 
this along and let it be with thee : and when thou sleepest, let 
it guard thee ; that when thou awakest, it may talk with thee. 

23 For the command of a law is a lamp and light ; and reproof and 

24 instruction is the way of life, to keep thee from a married wo- 

25 man, and from the flattering tongue of a strange woman. Let 
not a lust for beauty overcome thee : be not captivated by thine 

26 eyes, nor ensnared by her eyelids. For the price of a harlot is 
scarce that of a single loaf; but an adulteress hunteth for the 

27 precious lives of men. Can any one put fire in his bosom and 

28 not burn his clothes ? Or can one walk on coals of fire and not 

29 burn his feet ? So he who goeth in, to a married woman, can- 
not escape punishment — no, nor any one who toucheth her. 

30 It exciteth no wonder, if one be caught stealing ; for a hungry 

31 man stealeth to satisfy his soul ; but if he be caught, he is to 
pay seven fold ; and by giving all that he hath, he will deliver 


32 himself. But he, who through want of understanding, commit- 

33 teth adultery, provideth destruction for his soul. He suffereth 
pangs and dishonour; and his reproach can never be wiped 

34 away. For the rage of her husband being full of jealousy, will 

35 not spare in the day of vengeance ; nor will he abate his enmi- 
ty for any ransom ; nor be appeased by many gifts. 

VII. My son keep my words and lay up my commandments 
with thee. 

2 My son, honor the Lord and thou shall be strong; but be- 
sides him, fear no other. Keep my commandments, that thou 

3 mayst live ; and my words as the apple of thine eye. Bind them 
about thy fingers, and write them on the table of thy heart. 

4 Implore Wisdom to be thy sister, and make Understanding 

5 thine acquaintance : that she may keep thee from a strange and 
wicked woman, in case she, with alluring words should attack 

6 thee. For through a lattice she looketh out of her house into 

7 the streets; and if among the simple youths she chanceth to 

8 see a young man, void of understanding, walking near a corner 

9 in the passages to her house, and talking in the twilight, when 

10 the evening is still and duskish : — then this woman, who mak- 
eth the hearts of young men flutter, meeteth him, in the attire 

11 of a harlot. Indeed she is ever on the wing and insatiable, and 

12 her feet abide not at home. For sometimes she roveth abroad : 
and sometimes lieth in wait in the streets, at every corner. 

13 Ha ! she hath caught him and kissed him, and with an unblush- 
ing countenance, said to him : 

14 " I have a peace offering ; to-day I am paying my vows : 

15 for this reason I came out to meet thee : earnestly longing to 

16 see thee. I have found thee. With cords I have stretched my 

17 bed, and decked it with tapestry from Egypt. I have perfum- 

18 ed my bed with saffron, and my house with cinnamon : come, 
and let us take our fill of love till the morning :— come and let 

19 us solace ourselves with love. For my husband is not at home, 

20 he is gone a long journey ; he took in his hand a roll of silver, 
and will return to his house after many days." 

21 So with much fawning discourse she led him astray ; and 

22 with the flattery of her lips inveigled him. And he is gone 
after her, attracted by her ; as an ox is led to slaughter, or as 
a dog to be chained : or like a deer pierced through the liver 


23 with a dart. And lie hasteth like a bird to a snare ; not know- 
ing that he is running the risk of his life. 

24 Now therefore ray son hearken to me ; and attend to the 

25 words of rny mouth. Let not thy heart turn aside to her ways : 

26 for she hath wounded and brought down many ; and innumera- 
28 ble are they whom she hath slain. Her house is the highway 
VIII. to Hades, leading down to the chambers of death. As for 

thee thou art to proclaim wisdom ; that understanding may 

2 attend thee. For she is on the lofty summits ; and hath taken 

3 her stand in the middle of highways. For at the gates of the 
mighty she hath taken a seat, and at the entrance thereof chant- 
eth her song. 

4 "To you, men, I call, and utter my voice to the sons 

5 of men. Ye who are innocent learn discretion : and ye who 

6 are uninstructed give attention. Hearken to me, for I will speak 
solemn things ; and with my lips disclose things which are 

7 right. For my mouth shall speak truth ; lying lips are indeed 

8 abominable in my sight. All the words of my mouth are with 
righteousness ; they have nothing crooked — nothing deceitful 

9 in them. They are all plain to men of understanding: and 

10 right to them who find knowledge. Eeceive instruction in 
preference to silver, and knowledge rather than fine gold. — 

11 For wisdom is better than precious stones : and no costly 

12 thing is equal to it in value. I wisdom have inhabited counsel 
and knowledge ; and I have made an appeal to understand- 

13 ing. The fear of the Lord hateth injustice and insolence and 
haughtiness and the ways of the wicked : and I have hated the 

14 crooked ways of bad men. To me belong counsel and safety. 

15 Prudence is mine — mine is fortitude. By me kings reign and 

16 princes decree justice. By me potentates are exalted ; and by 

17 me sovereigns rule the earth. Them who love me, I love : 

18 and they who seek me shall find me. With me are riches and 

19 glory; even great possessions and righteousness. My fruit 
is better than gold and precious stones: and my productions 

20 are better than choice silver. I walk in the ways of righteous- 

21 ness; and am conversant in the paths of judgment: that I 
may distribute wealth to them who love me; and fill their 
treasuries with good things. 



Having told you things which happen daily ; I will now 

22 remember to reckon up things of old. The Lord created me, 

23 the beginning of his ways for his works. Before this age he 

24 founded me ; in the beginning ; before he made the earth and 
before he made the deeps : before the fountains of water issued 

25 forth — before the mountains were established ; and before all 

26 the hills, he bringeth me forth. The Lord made fields and unin- 

27 inhabited wilds ; and the habitable heights of the earth. When he 
furnished the heaven, I was with him ; and when he set apart his 

28 own throne on the winds : and when he strengthened the clouds 

29 above : and when he secured the fountains of the earth below — 

30 And when he made the foundations of the earth strong : I was 
harmonizing with him. I was the one in whom he delighted ; 

31 and I was daily gladdened by his presence on all occasions — 
when he finished the world and was pleased therewith ; and when 

32 he was pleased with the sons of men. Now therefore, my son 
hearken to me : happy is the man who will hearken to me : 

34 and the man who will keep my ways ; watching daily at my 

35 gates, waiting at the posts of my doors. For my ways are the 
37 ways of life ; and volition is obtained from the Lord. But they 

who sin against me act wickedly against their own souls ; and 
they who hate me love death." 
IX. Wisdom hath built herself a house, and fixed underneath 

2 it seven pillars. She hath slain her victims. She hath mixed 

3 her wine for the cup and furnished her table. She hath sent 
out her servants, and with a loud proclamation hath given an 
invitation to her entertainment, saying, 

4 " Whosoever is simple, let him come to me." And to them 

5 who want understanding she saith, "Come, eat of my bread 

6 and drink the wine which I have mixed for you. Forsake folly, 
that you may reign forever : and seek prudence and build up 

7 understanding with knowledge." He who instructeth the wick- 
ed shall receive for himself dishonour ; and he who reproveth 

8 the ungodly will blemish himself. Rebuke not the wicked, 
lest they hate thee ; rebuke a wise man and he will love thee. 

9 Give a wise man a hint and he will be wiser— an intimation to 

10 a righteous man and he will proceed to take it. The fear of the 
Lord is the beginning of wisdom ; and knowledge is the coun- 

11 sel of the holy. For to know the law is a characteristick of a 


good understanding ; for by this means thou shalt live long, and 
years of life will be added to thee. 

12 My son, if thou art wise for thyself, thou wilt be wise also 
for thy neighbours. But if thou become wicked, thou alone 
shalt draw up evils. He who leaneth upon lies, feedeth on the 
wind, and he shall pursue flying birds ; for he hath left the walks 
of his own vineyard, and wandered out of the paths of his own 
field, and traverseth a desert without water, and a land destined 

13 to thirst ; and with his hands gathereth sterility. A woman who 
is foolish and bold needeth a curb ; she hath no sense of shame. 

14 She sat at the doors of her house — on a seat open to view in 

15 the streets ; calling to passengers who were going right on their 

16 ways, " Let him who is the simplest of you turn aside to me ; 

17 and them who want prudence I exhort saying, Taste sweetly 

18 bread in secret and water sweeter for being stolen. He indeed 
did not know that with her the earth born perish — that he is 
lighting upon the perch of death. But fly thou away speedily ; 
tarry not in that place, nor fix thine eyes upon her ; for in this 
manner thou shouldst pass by strange water. Abstain from 
strange water, and drink not of a strange fountain ; that thou 
mayst live long, and that years of life may be added to thee. 

X. A wise son maketh a father glad ; but a foolish son is a 
grief to the mother. 

2 Treasures cannot profit the wicked ; but righteousness will 
deliver from death. 

3 The Lord will not kill with hunger a righteous soul; but 
he will overthrow the life of the wicked. 

4 Want humbleth a man ; but the hands of the diligent en- 

A well instructed son will be wise, and shall have the sim- 
ple for a servant. 

5 A prudent son is safe from heat ; but a transgressing son is 
blasted in harvest. 

6 The blessing of the Lord is on the head of the righteous ; 
but untimely grief shall stop the mouth of the wicked. 

7 The just are remembered with praises ; but the name of the 
wicked is extinguished. 

8 The wise in heart will receive commandments; but a pre- 
varicating babbler shall be subverted. 


9 He who walketh uprightly walketh securely ; but he who 
perverteth his ways shall be known. 

10 He who winketh deceitfully with his eyes, collecteth sor- 
rows for men ; but he who reproveth freely maketh peace. 

1 1 There is a fountain of life in the hand of the righteous ; but 
destruction will stop the mouth of the wicked. 

12 Hatred stirreth up contention ; but friendship covereth all 
them who are not contentious. 

13 He who from his lips uttereth wisdom, smiteth an impru- 
dent man with a rod. 

14 Wise men will lay up knowledge; but the mouth of the 
rash is near destruction. 

15 The wealth of the rich is a strong city : but penury is the 
destruction of the wicked. 

16 The works of the righteous produce life ; but the hands 
of the wicked produce sins. 

17 Instruction keepeth the just ways of life ; but unexamined 
instruction leadeth astray. 

18 Honest lips hide hatred; but they who utter reproaches 
are the greatest fools. 

19 In speaking much thou canst not avoid sin ; but if thou art 
sparing of thy lips, thou wilt be wise. 

20 The tongue of the righteous is tried silver ; but the heart of 
the wicked will not stand the test. 

21 The lips of the righteous are skilled in things lofty ; but 
those devoid of understanding die of want. 

22 The blessing of the Lord is on the head of the righteous ; it 
maketh rich, and to it no sorrow of heart shall be joined. 

23 A fool doth mischief in sport ; but for man wisdom bring- 
eth forth prudence. 

24 A wicked man is whirled about by destruction; but the 
desire of the righteous is acceptable. 

25 In a passing tempest a wicked man vanisheth ; but the righ- 
teous turn aside and are safe forever. 

26 As vinegar is hurtful to the teeth ; and smoke to the eyes ; 
so is transgression to them who commit it. 

27 The fear of the Lord prolongeth days ; but the years of the 
wicked shall be shortened. 


28 Joy niaketh a long abode with the righteous ; but the hope of 
the wicked shall perish. 

29 The fear of the Lord is the holy man's bulwark ; but de- 
struction is for the workers of iniquity. 

30 The righteous shall never transfer ; but the wicked shall 
not inhabit the land. 

31 The mouth of the righteous distilleth wisdom ; but the 
tongue of the wicked shall be destroyed. 

32 The lips of righteous men distil graces; but the mouth of 
the wicked is perverse. 

XL A deceitful balance is an abomination to the Lord : but 
a just weight is his delight. 

2 Where pride entereth, there dishonour [entereth] also. 
But the mouth of the lowly speaketh wisdom. 

3 A righteous man dying left sorrow behind him; but the 
destruction of the wicked cometh suddenly and giveth joy. 

5 Righteousness maketh spotless ways straight : but wicked- 
ness falleth by iniquity. 

6 The righteousness of upright men delivereth them : but 
transgressors are caught by their destruction. 

7 When a righteous man dieth, hope is not lost : but the 
boast of the wicked perisheth. 

8 A righteous man escapeth a snare : and in his stead the 
wicked is delivered up. 

9 In the mouth of the wicked is a snare for citizens : but 
the knowledge of the righteous conduceth to prosperity. 

11 By the good acts of the just a city flourished : but by the 
mouth of the wicked it was overthrown. 

12 A man void of wisdom derideth fellow citizens : but a pru- 
dent man enjoyeth quiet. 

13 A double tongued man revealeth cabinet counsels : but 
one of a faithful spirit concealeth matters. 

14 They, who have no government, fall like leaves : but in 
much counsel there is safety. 

15 A wicked man doth hurt, when he associateth with the 
just : but he hateth the sound of safety. 

16 A virtuous woman raiseth honour for her husband : but a 
woman who hateth righteousness is a throne of disgrace. 

The slothful though rich, become indigent : but the dili- 
gent are supported with wealth. 


17 A merciful man doth good to his own soul : but the mer- 
ciless destroyeth his own body. 

18 A wicked man doth works of injustice : but the seed of the 
righteous is a reward of truth. 

19 A righteous son is born to live; but the pursuit of the 
wicked tendeth to death. 

20 Crooked ways are an abomination to the Lord : but all who 
are blameless in their ways are his delight. 

21 He who wickedly joineth hand to hand shall not go unpun- 
ished : but he who soweth righteousness shall receive a just 

22 As a jewel in the snout of a swine ; so is beauty in a wo- 
man void of discretion. 

23 The desire of the righteous is altogether good ; but the 
hope of the wicked shall perish. 

24 There are some who scattering their substance make it 
more : and some who gather and make it less. 

25 A soul is blessed which is altogether sincere : but a pas- 
sionate man is not respected. 

2(3 May he who withholdeth corn leave it to the nations ! But 
blessing be on the head of him who distributeth ! 

27 The contriver of good things seeketh favour: but him, 
who seeketh mischief, mischief shall overtake. 

28 He who trusteth in riches shall fall ; but he who helpeth 
the righteous shall nourish. 

29 He who hath no cover for his own house shall inherit the 
wind ; and a fool shall be a servant to the prudent. 

30 From the fruit of righteousness springeth up the tree of 
life : but the lives of transgressors are prematurely destroyed. 

31 If the righteous man scarcely escapeth : where shall the 
ungodly and sinner appear ? 

XII. He who loveth instruction loveth knowledge : but he 
who hateth reproofs is a fool. 

2 He who hath found favour with the Lord groweth better ; 
but the transgressor shall be put to silence. 

3 A man cannot prosper by wickedness : but the roots of the 
righteous shall not be moved. 

4 A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband : but a mis- 
chievous woman, like a worm in wood, ruineth her husband. 


5 The thoughts of the righteous are judgments : but the 
wicked manage deceits. 

6 The words of the wicked are deceitful : but the mouth of 
the upright shall deliver them. 

7 When the wicked is overthrown, he vanisheth : but the 
houses of the righteous shall remain. 

8 The mouth of the wise is praised by man : but the stupid 
heart is despised. 

9 Better is the man, who unhonoured serveth himself: than 
he who honoureth himself and wanteth bread. 

10 A righteous man regardeth the lives of his beasts : but the 
mercies of the wicked are cruel. 

11 He who tilleth his own ground shall be satisfied with bread : 
but they who pursue vanities are void of understanding. 

He who taketh pleasure in taverns shall leave disgrace in 
his own fortresses. 

12 The desires of the wicked are evil : but the roots of the 
righteous are in secure places. 

13 By the transgression of his lips a sinner falleth into snares : 
but out of them a righteous man maketh his escape. 

He whose looks are mild will gain compassion : but he who 
contendeth in the gates will afflict souls. 

14 From the fruits of his mouth the soul of man shall be satis- 
fied with good things ; and the recompence of his lips shall be 
given him. 

15 The ways of fools are right in their own eyes : but a wise 
man hearkeneth to advice. 

16 A fool presently sheweth his wrath : but a prudent man 
concealeth his dishonour. 

17 A righteous man declareth the truth as it appeareth to him : 
but a false witness is deceitful. 

18 They who wound with their speeches are swords : but the 
tongues of the wise are healing. 

19 True lips establish testimony : but a hasty witness hath an 
unrighteous tongue. 

20 Deceit is in the heart of him, who contriveth evils : but 
the counsellors of peace shall have joy. 

21 Nothing unjust can please a righteous man : but the wick- 
ed can fill themselves with mischief. 


22 Lying lip s are an abomination to the Lord : but he who 
dealeth faithfully is acceptable to him. 

23 A prudent man is a throne of knowledge : but the heart of 
fools will encounter curses. 

24 The hand of the valiant can easily conquer : but the de- 
ceitful shall be for a prey. 

25 Awful news trouble the heart of a righteous man : but good 
news make him glad. 

26 A righteous judge will be a friend to himself: but evils 
shall pursue sinners : and the way of the wicked shall deceive 

27 A deceitful man shall not enjoy what he hath caught ; but 
as for a pure man, his acquisition is precious. 

28 In the ways of righteousness there is life ; but the ways of 
the revengeful lead to death. 

XIII. A wise son is obedient to his father ; but a disobedient 
son is in the way to destruction. 

2 A good man eateth of the fruits of righteousness : but the 
souls of transgressors shall perish untimely. 

3 He who guardeth his mouth preserveth his life ; but he who 
is rash with his mouth, shall bring on himself terror. 

4 Every sluggard is employed in wishing : but the hands of 
the diligent, in procuring. 

5 A righteous man hateth a false word; but the wicked is 
shamed and shall not have confidence. 

7 Some pretend to be rich, having nothing ; and some feign 
themselves poor, in great wealth. 

8 The ransom of a man's life is his wealth ; but a poor man 
is not subject to threats. 

9 The righteous have light continually ; but the light of the 
wicked is extinguished. 

Deceitful souls are led astray by sins ; but the righteous 
exercise pity and compassion. 

10 A wicked man doth mischief with haughtiness; but wise 
men are their own judges. 

11 Wealth acquired by injustice, diminisheth ; but he who 
gathereth for himself with piety, shall be satisfied. A righteous 
man sheweth mercy and lendeth. 

12 Better is he who heartily beginneth to help, than he who 


proniiseth and giveth expectation ; for good desire is a tree of 

13 He who despiseth business shall be despised by it ; but he 
who feareth a commandment is safe. 

To a deceitful son nothing can be good : but the actions of a 
wise servant are prosperous, and his way will be prospered. 

14 The law of the wise is a fountain of life ; but the fool shall 
die by a snare. 

15 A good understanding giveth favour : and to know the 
law is a proof of good understanding ; but the ways of impos- 
tors end in destruction. 

16 Every prudent man acteth with knowledge ; but the fool 
hath laid open his wickedness. 

17 A daring king will involve himself in evils ; but a wise am- 
bassador will deliver him. 

18 Instruction removeth poverty and disgrace ; and he who re- 
gardeth reproofs shall be honoured. 

19 The desires of the pious sweeten life : but the works of the 
wicked are far from knowledge. 

20 By walking with the wise thou wilt be wise ; but he who 
walketh with fools will be known. 

21 Evils shall pursue sinners, but good will overtake the 

22 A good man shall leave an inheritance to his children ; but 
the wealth of the wicked is treasured up for the righteous. 

23 The righteous shall spend many years in wealth ; but the un- 
righteous shall perish in a short time. 

24 He who spareth the rod hateth his son; but he who loveth 
him correcteth diligently. 

25 A righteous man eateth and satisfieth his soul ; but the souls 
of the wicked are insatiate. 

XIV. Wise women have built houses ; but the foolish hath 

pulled them down with her hands. 

2 He who walketh uprightly, feareth the Lord ; but he who 
is perverse in his ways, shall be dishonoured. 

3 From the mouth of fools there is a rod of pride ; but the lips 
of the wise preserve them. 

4 Where there are no cattle the stalls are clean ; but where 
there is much provender, the ox's strength is manifest. 

VOL. II. P p 


5 A faithful witness doth not lie ; but a false witness kindleth 

6 Thou mayest seek wisdom among the wicked, but shalt not 
find it ; but knowledge is easily found among the prudent. 

7 All things are contrary to a foolish man : but wise lips are 
the arms of knowledge. 

8 The wisdom of the prudent will give them a knowledge of 
their ways ; but the folly of fools is in error. 

9 The houses of transgressors need purifying; but the 
houses of the righteous are acceptable. 

10 The heart of a man who hath sensibility — the soul of him 
who hath a feeling for pain, when he is made glad, mingleth not 
with pride. 

11 The houses of the wicked shall vanish ; but the tents of the 
upright shall stand. 

12 There is a way which seemeth right to a man ; but the end 
of it is at the bottom of Hades. 

13 Grief mixeth not with pleasures; but extreme joy tendeth 
to sorrow. 

14 A bold hearted man will be satisfied with his own ways ; 
but a good man, with his intentions. 

15 A man without guile, believe th every thing : but a prudent 
man cometh for a change of mind. 

16 A wise man, when terrified, declineth from evil : but the 
fool, confident in himself, mixeth with transgressors. 

17 A passionate man acteth without counsel ; but a pru- 
dent man beareth many things. 

18 Fools partake of wickedness ; but the prudent will lay 
hold of knowledge. 

19 Let the bad fall before the good ; and the wicked attend at 
the gates of the righteous ! 

20 Friends will hate poor friends; but the friends of the rich 
are many. 

21 He who despiseth the poor, sinneth : but he who compas- 
sionateth the poor is blessed. 

22 They who are led astray devise mischief; but the good de- 
vise mercy and truth. 

The contrivers of mischief know neither mercy nor truth; 
but acts of kindness and truth are with them, who contrive good. 


23 With all who are careful there is abundance; but he who 
is delicate and taketh no trouble shall be in want. 

24 A prudent man is a crown to the wise ; but the conversa- 
tion of fools is evil. 

25 A true witness will deliver a soul from evils; but a deceit- 
ful witness kindleth lies. 

26 In the fear of the Lord a man hath hope of strength ; 
and to his children he leaveth a support. 

27 The commandment of the Lord is a fountain of life ; and 
it causeth to decline from the snare of death. 

28 In the multitude of a nation is the glory of a king • but in 
the failure of a people is the destruction of a prince. 

29 A man slow to wrath, is of great understanding ; but a pas- 
sionate man is egregiously foolish. 

30 A meek minded man is a physician of the heart ; but a 
heart of sensibility is a corroder of the bones. 

31 He who oppresseth the poor, provoketh his maker; but he 
who honoureth him, compassionateth the distressed. 

32 A wicked man shall be driven away by his wickedness ; 
but in his sanctity the righteous is secure. 

33 In the good heart of a man there is wisdom ; but in the 
heart of fools it is not discernable. 

34 Righteousness exalteth a nation, but sins diminish tribes. 

35 A wise minister is acceptable to a king : but by his own 
good conduct he removeth disgrace. 

XV. Wrath destroyeth even the prudent ; now a soft answer 
turneth away wrath ; but a harsh word stirreth up anger. 

2 The tongue of the wise knoweth good things ; but the mouth 
of fools poureth out evils. 

3 The eyes of the Lord are in every place, they behold both 
the evil and the good. 

4 A healing tongue is a tree of life ; and he who keepeth it 
shall be filled with the spirit. 

5 A fool despiseth the instruction of a father: but he who 
keepeth commands is more prudent. 

Where righteousness aboundeth there is much power : but 
the wicked being utterly rooted out of the land, shall perish. 

6 In the houses of the righteous there is much power ; but 
the fruits of the wicked shall perish. 


7 The lips of the wise are devoted to knowledge; but the 
hearts of fools are not safe. 

8 The sacrifices of the wicked are an abomination to the 
Lord ; but the prayers of the upright are acceptable to him. 

9 The ways of the wicked are an abomination to the Lord ; 
but he loveth them who follow righteousness. 

10 The correction of the innocent is remarked by them who 
pass by ; but they who hate reproofs die dishonourably. 

11 The mansion of the dead, and destruction, are open to the 
view of the Lord ; how much more then the hearts of men ! 

12 An uninstructed man will not love them who reprove him, 
nor will he associate with the wise. 

13 When the heart is glad the countenance is cheerful ; but 
when in sorrow, it is sad. 

14 An upright heart seeketh knowledge ; but the mouth of 
the uninstructed will taste evils. 

15 The eyes of the wicked are continually looking for evils ; but 
the good are continually at rest. 

16 Better is a small portion with the fear of the Lord, than 
great treasures without that fear. 

17 Better is a dinner on herbs, with friendship and favour, than 
a feast on young bulls, with enmity. 

18 A wrathful man prepareth battles ; but he who is slow to 
anger appease th the rising quarrel. 

A man slow to anger will extinguish law suits; but the 
wicked rather promote them. 

19 The ways of the slothful are strewed with thorns ; but those 
of the diligent are well beaten. 

20 A wise son maketh a glad father; but a foolish son mock- 
eth his mother. 

21 The paths of the foolish are destitute of understanding ; but 
a prudent man walketh uprightly. 

22 They who do not honour councils, substitute thoughts : but 

23 by the understanding of counsellors, counsel will endure. A 
wicked man will not hearken to it, nor can he say any thing 
in season, or for the publick good. 

24 The determinations of the wise are ways of life, that he 
may turn from the mansion of the dead and be saved. 


25 The Lord destroyeth the houses of the haughty : but the 
border of the widow he hath established. 

26 An evil thought is an abomination to the Lord : but the 
speeches of the chaste are grave. 

27 He who receiveth bribes destroyeth himself: but he who 
hateth the receiving of bribes is safe. 

By acts of kindness and faithfulness sins are purged away : 
and by the fear of the Lord every one will decline from evil. 

28 The hearts of the righteous study faithfulness : but the 
mouth of the wicked poureth out evil things. 

The ways of the righteous are acceptable to the Lord : 
and by them enemies are made friends. 

29 God is far removed from the wicked : but he hearkeneth to 
the prayers of the righteous. 

Better is a small portion with righteousness; than much 
produce with injustice. 

Let the heart of man devise righteous things, that his 
steps may be directed by God. 

30 The eye which beholdeth good things rejoiceth the heart : 

31 And a good reputation maketh the bones fat. 

32 He who rejecteth instruction hateth himself: but he who 
regardeth reproofs loveth his soul. 

33 The fear of the Lord is instruction and wisdom : and the 
beginning of glory will be answerable thereto. 

XVI. All the works of the humble are manifest in the sight 
of God ; but the wicked shall perish in an evil day. 

4 Every lofted minded man is impure in the sight of God : 
and he who hath joined hand to hand unjustly shall not go 

The beginning of a good way is to do things just and ac- 
ceptable in the sight of God, rather than to offer sacrifices. 

He who seeketh the Lord shall find knowledge with right- 
eousness. And they who seek him early shall find peace. 

5 All the works of the Lord are with righteousness : but the 
wicked is kept for an evil day. 

10 Divine sentence is in the mouth of a king : therefore his 
mouth should not err in judgment. 

11 Justice is that which turneth the scales with the Lord. And 
his works are of just weight. 


12 An evil doer is an abomination to a king : for the throne 

of government is established by righteousness. 
10 Righteous lips are acceptable to a king ; and he loveth right 


14 The wrath of a king is a messenger of death : but a wise 
man can pacify it. 

15 The son of a king is in the light of life : and they who 
are acceptable to him are as an evening cloud. 

16 The productions of wisdom are better than gold : and the 
productions of prudence are better than silver. 

17 The paths of life turn aside from evils : and the ways of right- 
eousness are length of life. 

He who receiveth instruction shall enjoy good : and he who 
regardeth reproofs shall be wise. 

He who watcheth his own ways preserveth his soul : and 
he who loveth his life will be sparing of his mouth. 

18 Pride goeth before destruction: and a haughty spirit be- 
fore a fall. 

19 A man of a gentle spirit with humility is better than he who 
divideth spoils with scorners. 

20 A man intelligent in business is an inventer of good things : 
but most happy is he whose trust is in God. 

21 The wise and prudent are called crafty ; and they who are 
sweet in discourse will be more listened to. 

22 Understanding is a fountain of life to them who possess it : 
but the instruction of fools is evil. 

23 The heart of a wise man will consider the words of his 
mouth : and on his lips he will carry knowledge. 

24 Good words are a honey comb: and the sweetness thereof 
is health to the soul. 

25 There are ways which seem right to a man : but the latter 
ends of them look to the bottom of Hades. 

26 A man by labour laboureth for himself; and wardeth off 
his own destruction. 

27 He who is utterly perverse carrieth destruction in his mouth. 
A man void of understanding diggeth up evils for himself; 
and treasureth up fire with his lips. 

28 A froward man spreadeth mischief. He will light up a lamp 
of deceit for evils ; and he separateth them who were friends. 


29 The man who is a transgressor entice th friends ; and lead- 

30 eth them in ways which are not good. But he who fixeth his 
eyes and deviseth froward things ; and with his month en- 
forceth all his evil purposes ; is a very furnace of wickedness. 

31 Old age is a crown of glory, when found in the ways of 

32 A man who is slow to wrath is better than the mighty ; and 
he who subdueth anger is better than he who taketh a city, 

33 All things come upon the wicked into their bosoms : but 
from the Lord all things which are just. 

XVII. Better is a morsel with pleasure in peace ; than a house 
full of goods and ill gotten dainties, with contention. 

2 A wise servant will rule over foolish masters ; and di- 
vide portions among brothers. 

3 As silver and gold are tried in a furnace ; so are chosen 
hearts, by the Lord. 

4 A wicked man kearkeneth to the tongue of transgressors : 
but a righteous man payeth no attention to lying lips. 

5 He who derideth a man in distress provoketh his maker ; 
and he who rejoiceth at another's ruin shall not go unpunish- 
ed : but he who sheweth compassion shall find mercy. 

6 Children's children are the crown of old men : and the 
boast of children, is their fathers. 

Every ornament of wealth belongeth to the faithful ; but to 
the unfaithful, not a farthing. 

7 Faithful lips will not harmonize with a fool ; nor lying 
lips with a righteous man. 

8 Instruction is a precious reward to them who use it : and 
whithersoever it turneth it will prosper. 

9 He who hideth transgressions seeketh friendship : but 
he who hateth to conceal, setteth friends and relations at var- 

10 A threat affecteth the heart of the prudent : but a fool, 
though scourged, is not made sensible. 

11 Every wicked man stirreth up contention : but the Lord 
will send him a cruel messenger. 

12 Trouble may befal a prudent man : but the foolish will de- 
vise mischief. 

13 Whosoever returneth evil for good ; from his house evils 
shall not depart. 


14 A righteous government giveth force to words : but sedi- 
tion and quarrelling are the forerunners of want. 

15 He who acquitteth the wicked and condenineth the just, is 
unclean and abominable in the sight of God. 

16 Why should a fool have wealth ? For the stupid cannot pur- 
chase wisdom. 

He who buildeth his house high seeketh destruction : and 
he who is backward to learn shall fall into evils. 

17 For every occasion have a friend ; but in distress let bro- 
thers be assistant : for they are born for this purpose. 

18 A man void of understanding clappeth his hands and ap- 
plaudeth himself on becoming surety for his friends, 

19 He who is fond of sinning delight eth in quarrels : but he 

20 who is stubborn doth not meet with good. 

A man of a changeable tongue will fall into evils : but the 
heart of a fool is sorrow to him who hath it. 

21 A father hath no joy in an unteachable son : but a prudent 
son is the joy of his mother. 

22 A cheerful heart promoteth health ; but the bones of a 
heart-wounded man are dried up. 

23 When one unrighteously receiveth gifts in his bosom ; his 
ways will not be straight. But a wicked man perverteth the 
ways of justice. 

24 The countenance of a wise man is intelligent ; but the fool's 
eyes are on the ends of the earth. 

25 A foolish son is a vexation to a father; and sorrow to her 
who bore him. 

26 To fine a righteous man is not good : nor is it consistent 
with piety to plot against righteous rulers. 

27 He who forbeareth to utter a harsh word is prudent : and 
he who is slow to anger is a man of understanding. 

28 Wisdom will be imputed to a fool, who inquireth after wis- 
dom : and he who imposeth silence on himself will be esteem- 
ed wise. 

XVIII. He who desireth to part with friends seeketh ex- 
cuses ; but he will always be liable to reproach. — 
2 He who is void of understanding hath no use for wisdom ; 
for he is rather led by folly. 


3 When a wicked man cometh to a depth of evils he sheweth 
contempt ; but ignominy and reproach come upon him. 

4 A speech in a man's heart is deep water ; but a stream is- 
sueth forth and a flowing spring. 

5 To respect the person of a wicked man is not good ; nor is 
it consistent with piety to pervert justice in judgment. 

6 The lips of a fool lead him into trouble ; and his mouth 
when bold provoketh death. 

7 The mouth of a fool is his destruction, and his lips are a 

8 snare for his soul. 

Fear depresseth the slothful ; and the souls of the effeminate 
shall suffer want. 

9 He who doth not use his endeavours to cure himself is bro- 
ther to him who destroyeth himself. 

10 The name of the Lord is of majestic power ; and the righte- 
ous having recourse to it shall be exalted. 

11 A rich man's wealth is a strong city, and the glory of it 
casteth a great shadow. 

12 Before destruction a man's heart is haughty, and before 
honour it is humble. 

13 He who answereth a matter before he heareth it, exposeth 
his folly and incurreth contempt. 

14 A wise servant appeaseth a man's anger ; but a mean spi- 
rited man who can bear ? 

15 The heart of a prudent man getteth knowledge; and the 
ears of the wise seek understanding. 

16 A man's gift maketh room for him, and procure th him a 
seat among the mighty. 

17 A just man is his own accuser in his first speech ; but when 
he is accused his adversary is refuted. 

18 The silent lot putteth an end to contention, and determineth 
among the mighty. 

19 A brother assisted by a brother is like a fortified and lofty 
city, and is strong as a well founded palace. 

20 With the fruits of his mouth a man filleth his belly, and 
with the fruits of his lips he shall be satisfied. 

21 Death and life are in the power of the tongue ; and they who 
have the command of it shall eat the fruits thereof. 

VOL. II. Q q 


22 He who hath found a good wife hath found favour, and 

hath received joy from God. 

He who putteth away a good wife, putteth away good things ; 

but he who retaineth an adulteress is foolish and wicked. 
XIX. The folly of a man maketh his ways destructive ; but in 

his heart he blameth God. 

4 Wealth maketh many friends; but a poor man is for- 
saken by the only friend he hath. 

5 A false witness shall not go unpunished ; and he who accus- 
eth unjustly shall not escape. 

6 Many court the favour of kings; but every one who is 
wicked is a disgrace to a man in power. 

7 Every one who hateth a brother in distress shall be far 
from friendship. 

A good understanding will approach them who know it, 
and a prudent man will find it. 

He who doth much evil perfecteth wickedness ; and he who 
useth irritating words shall not be safe. 

8 He who procureth wisdom loveth himself; and he who 
keepeth it shall find good things. 

9 Let not a false witness go unpunished ; and let him who 
kindleth mischief perish by it. 

10 It is not seemly for a fool to enjoy delicacies ; nor for a ser- 
vant to begin to domineer with haughtiness. 

11 A merciful man is slow to wrath ; and his boast is over 

12 The threat of a king is like the roaring of a lion; but his 
favour is like dew on the grass. 

13 A foolish son is a shame to a father. 
Yows for the hire of a harlot are not pure. 

14 Fathers bequeath houses and wealth to children ; but the 
Lord accommodate th a wife to a husband. 

15 Fear restraineth the effeminate; but the soul of the sloth- 
ful shall suffer want. 

16 He who keepeth a command preserveth his soul; but he 
who despiseth his own ways shall perish. 

17 He who is kind to the poor lendeth to God ; and accord- 
ing to his gift he will repay him. 


18 Chasten thy son, for thus he will be hopeful ; but be not in 
thy soul transported to haughtiness. 

19 Let a malicious man be fined high ; but if he take away life, 
let him forfeit his own. 

20 Hear my son, the instruction of thy father that thou mayst 
be wise in thy latter days. 

21 There are many thoughts in a man's heart ; but the coun- 
sel of the Lord shall endure forever. 

22 Beneficence is a crop for a man : and a poor just man is 
better than a rich liar. 

23 The fear of the Lord conduceth to a man's life : but he 
who is fearless will lodge in places where knowledge doth not 

24 He who hideth his hands in his bosom unjustly ; should 
not bring them out for his mouth. 

25 When a criminal is scourged, a simpleton becometh more 
wary : but if thou rebukest a wise man, he will call to mind 

26 He who bringeth dishonour on a father and causeth his mo- 
ther to flee ; shall be exposed to shame and shall be reproached. 

27 A son who ceaseth to keep the instruction of a father ; will 
meditate on evil sayings. 

28 He who is surety for a foolish son, shall rail at the statute ; 
but the mouth of the wicked shall swallow decisions. 

29 Rods are prepared for the profligate: and punishments in 
like manner for fools. 

XX. Wine is intemperate, and drunkenness scornful. And 
with these every fool is entangled. 

2 The threat of a king is like the rage of a lion ; and he who 
provoketh him sinneth against his own life. 

3 It is an honour to a man to abstain from railing ; but with 
such things every fool is entangled. 

4 Though a sluggard is reproached he is not ashamed : and 
the same is the case with him who borroweth corn in harvest. 

5 Counsel in the heart of a man is deep water ; but a man of 
understanding will draw it up. 

6 A man is a great thing : and a merciful man a precious 
thing : but it is hard to find a faithful man. 

7 He who conducteth himself spotless in justice shall leave 
behind him his children happy. 


8 When a righteous king sitteth on a throne, nothing that is 
evil can stand his eyes. 

9 Who can boast that he hath a clean heart ? Or who can say 
with confidence that he is pure from sin ? 

20 Whosoever curseth father or mother; let his lamp be ex- 
tinguished and his eye balls involved in darkness. 

21 A portion got at first with too much haste will not at the 
last be blessed. 

22 Do not say, I will take vengeance on an enemy ; but wait 
for the Lord that he may help thee. 

10 Diverse weights and diverse measures are impure in the 
sight of the Lord. Yes, both they and he who useth them. 

11 A youth when in company with the godly, will be restrain- 
ed in his devices and his way will be straight. 

12 The ear heareth and the eye seeth ; and both are the work 
of the Lord. 

] 3 Love not contradiction that thou mayst not be destroyed : 
open thine eyes and be filled with bread. 

24 A diverse weight is an abomination to the Lord : and a de- 
ceitful balance is not good in his sight. 

The steps for a man are plainly set forth by the Lord : how 
then should a mortal consider his ways ! 

25 The hasty dedication of his property is a snare to a man . 
for after the vow a change of mind happeneth. 

26 A wise king is a winnower of the wicked; and he will 
bring a wheel over them. 

27 The spirit of man is a light of the Lord, who searcheth 
the inward recesses of the body. 

28 Beneficence and truth are a guard to a king : and they will 
encompass his throne with justice. 

29 Wisdom is an ornament to young men : and grey hairs are 
the glory of the old. 

30 Blood shot eyes and bruises light upon bad men : and there 
are wounds for the inner recesses of the body. 

XXI. The heart of a king is in the hand of God ; like a canal 
of water, he turneth it whithersoever he pleaseth. 
2 Every man appeareth righteous in his own eyes : but the 
Lord directeth hearts. 


3 To do justice and to adhere to truth are more acceptable to 
God than the blood of victims. 

4 A high minded man is contentious and stubborn : but sin is 
the lamp of the wicked. 

6 He who getteth treasures by a lying tongue, pursueth vanity 
to the snares of death. 

7 Destruction shall lodge with the wicked ; because they re- 
fuse to do justice. 

8 To the perverse God sendeth crooked ways : for his works 
are pure and right. 

9 It is better to dwell in a corner in the open air ; than in 
apartments plaistered with injustice ; and in a house which is not 

10 The soul of the wicked will not be pitied by any man. 

11 When a profligate is punished the innocent become more 
cautious ; and the intelligent wise man will gain knowledge. 

12 A just man discerneth the hearts of the wicked ; and des- 
piseth the wicked for their wickedness. 

13 He who stoppeth his ears that he may not hear the distress- 
ed shall himself cry, and there shall be none to answer. 

14 A gift given secretly pacifieth resentments : but he who is 
sparing of gifts exciteth strong wrath. 

15 It is the joy of the righteous to execute judgment : but in 
the view of the wicked a holy man is unclean. 

16 A man who wandereth from the path of justice, shall go to 
rest among the congregation of giants. 

17 A needy man loveth pleasure. He wisheth to have wine and 
oil for his riches : and a transgressor wisheth to be acquitted as 
a righteous man. 

19 It is better to dwell in the wilderness than with a quarrel- 
some, clamorous and passionate wife. 

20 A desirable treasure will rest in the mouth of the wise : but 
men who are foolish will swallow it. 

21 The way of justice and mercy will lead to life and glory. 

22 A wise man hath scaled strong cities and demolished forti- 
fications in which the wicked trusted. 

23 He who guardeth his mouth and tongue keepeth his soul 
from trouble. 


24 He who is bold, selfwilled and boastful is called loimos [a 
pest ;] and he who harboureth mischief is called a transgressor. 

25 Wishing killeth the slothful ; for his hands do not chuse to 

26 All the day long a wicked man indulgeth wicked desires ; 
but the righteous unsparingly exerciseth pity and compassion. 

27 The sacrifices of the wicked are an abomination to the 
Lord ; because they offer them unrighteously. 

28 A false witness shall perish ; but a man who is a witness 
will speak guardedly. 

29 A wicked man impudently hardeneth his face : but the up- 
right will himself consider his ways. 

30 There is no wisdom, there is no fortitude, no counsel in the 

31 A horse is provided for the day of battle : but help cometh 
from the Lord. 

XXII. A good name is to be chosen in preference to great 
wealth ; and good favour, in preference to gold and silver. 

2 The rich and poor have met each other ; and the Lord hath 
made them both. 

3 A prudent man seeing the wicked severely punished in- 
structeth himself: but the foolish passed heedlessly by and 
were punished. 

4 The offspring of wisdom are the fear of the Lord and 
riches and glory and life. 

5 Thorns and snares are in crooked paths : but he who 
watcheth his soul shall avoid them. 

7 The rich rule over the poor ; though servants lend to their 
own masters. 

8 He who soweth iniquity shall reap evils ; and compleat the 
punishment of his deeds. 

God blesseth a cheerful giver; and will supply the defi- 
ciency of his works. 

9 He who compassionateth the poor shall be fed ; for he gave 
of his own bread to the poor. 

He who giveth gifts secureth victory and honour. He in- 
deed taketh away the soul of the receivers. 
10 Expel from council an overbearing man ; and contention 


will go out with him : for if he sitteth in council he dishonour- 
eth all. 
11 The Lord loveth holy hearts ; and all the unspotted are ac- 
ceptable to him. 

A king feedeth with his lips ; but the eyes of the Lord dili- 
gently watch the sentiment : and a transgressing word setteth 
it at naught. 

13 A slothful man maketh excuse and saith, There is a lion 
in the highways and murderers in the streets. 

14 The mouth of a transgressor is a deep ditch ; and he who is 
hated of the Lord shall fall into it. 

There are bad ways before a man and he loveth not to avoid 
them : but he ought to avoid a crooked and bad way. 

15 Folly is bound up in the heart of a child : but a rod and in- 
struction will drive it from him. 

16 Some plunder the poor to increase their wealth and give to 
the rich to lessen it. 

17 Incline thine ear to the words of the wise ; and hear my dis- 
course and apply thy heart ; that thou mayst know that they are 

18 good. If thou indeed wilt lay them up in thy heart ; they will 

19 give thee delight and be on thy lips. In order that thy hope may 
be upon the Lord ; and that he may make known to thee thy 

20 way. Write thou them for thyself three times over ; for counsel 

21 and knowledge, on the table of thy heart. For this purpose 1 
teach thee sound doctrine and knowledge good to be listened 
to : that thou mayst answer them who propound to thee 
words of truth. 

22 Oppress not the needy because he is poor : nor treat with 
disrespect at the gates one who is weak. 

23 For the Lord will judge his cause ; and thou shouldst pre- 
serve thy life safe and secure. 

24 Have no fellowship with a man addicted to wrath ; nor lodge 
with a friend who is passionate : lest thou learn his ways and 
lay a snare for thine own life. 

25 Do not out of respect for a person become surety. For if 

26 thou hast not wherewithal to pay, thy bed will be taken from 
under thee. 

27 Remove not ancient boundaries which thy fathers have set. 


28 A man clear in his perceptions and quick in the despatch 
of business should stand before kings and not wait on slothful 

XXIII. When thou sittest down to eat at the table of a ruler ; 
observe diligently what are set before thee : and put to thy 

2 hand, knowing that thou must provide the like. But if thou 
hast an appetite not easily satisfied ; desire not his dainties ; for 
they give false life. 

3 If thou art poor, enter not into competition with one who 

4 is rich : but be restrained by thine own prudence. If thou fix 
thy view toward him, he is out of sight : for he is provided 
with wings as of an eagle ; and directeth his course to the 
house of one who is before him. 

5 Eat not with an envious man, nor desire his meats : for he 

6 eateth and drinketh as one swallowing a hair. Neither invite 
him to thy house, nor eat thy morsel with him : for it will 
cause him to vomit and he will blame thy kind invitations. 

7 Make no addresses to a man void of understanding: lest 

8 he peradventure mock thy judicious discourse. Remove not 
ancient land marks, nor encroach upon the possession of the 

9 fatherless. For the Lord who is their redeemer is strong ; and 
will plead their cause with thee. 

10 Apply thy heart to instruction ; and prepare thine ears for 
the words of knowledge. 

11 Refrain not from correcting a child : for if thou beat him 

12 with a rod, thou mayst prevent his death. For thou wilt beat 
him with a rod and deliver his soul from death. 

13 My son, if thy heart be wise, thou wilt gladden my heart. 

14 And thy lips, if they be right, will hold long conversation with 

15 Let not thy heart envy sinners : but be thou in the fear of 
the Lord all the day long. 

18 If thou indeed keep these instructions : they will be a pro- 
geny to thee and thy hope shall not perish. 

19 Hear, my son and be wise and direct the thoughts of thy 
heart aright. 

20 Be not a wine bibber, nor devoted to clubs : and to the pur- 

21 chasing of flesh meat. For every one addicted to revelling and 


stews shall come to beggary : and every one given to sleep 
shall be clothed with rags and tatters. 
22 Hearken, rny son, to the father who begot thee : and de- 
spise not thy mother because she is old. 

24 A righteous father nourisheth thee well ; and his soul re- 
joiceth in a wise son. 

25 Let thy father and thy mother have joy in thee : and let her 
who bare thee rejoice. 

26 My son, give me thy heart; and let thine eyes observe 
my ways. 

27 For a strange house is a hogshead full of holes : and a strange 

28 well is narrow. For that will quickly perish ; and every trans- 
gressor shall be destroyed. 

29 Who hath woes ? Who hath trouble ? Who hath law suits ? 
Who hath vexations and squabbles ? Who hath wounds with- 

30 out cause ? Whose are the eyes suffused with blood ? Are 
they not theirs who tarry long at wine — who frequent the places 
where there are revels ? 

Be not drunk with wine ; but converse with righteous men : 

31 and converse in the publick walks. For if thou givest thine 
eyes to cups and goblets ; thou wilt go about afterwards na- 

32 ked as a pestle : and be, at last, like one swoln by the bite of 

33 a serpent; or as one stung by a basilisk. When thine eyes 
behold a strange woman ; then will thy mouth speak perversely. 

34 And thou wilt lie as in the midst of the sea : and like a pilot 

35 in a mighty storm. And thou wilt say, They have beaten me 
and I felt no pain ; they insulted me and I was not sensible of it. 
When will it be day, that I may go and seek with whom I can 
have a meeting. 

XXIV. My son, envy not bad men, nor desire to be with 

2 them : for their hearts study falsehood ; and their lips utter 

3 By wisdom a house is built; and by understanding it is 

4 By knowledge chambers are filled with all precious and 
pleasant riches. 

5 Better is a wise man than one who is strong : and the man 
who hath understanding, than he who hath a large cultivated 

VOL. II. R r 


6 By government war is conducted ! and help is the attend- 
ant of a heart instructed by counsel. 

7 Wisdom and good understanding are in the gates of the 
wise : the wise turn not away from the commandment of 
the Lord : but they consult in counsels. 

9 Death meeteth the uninstructed and a fool dieth by sins. 

10 In a man who is self willed, arrogant and boastful there is 
impurity : in an evil day and a day of adversity, he will be 
stained deeper and deeper, until he utterly faint. 

11 Deliver them who are to be led away to death ; and inter- 

12 cede for them who are to be slain, make no delay. If thou 
should say, I do not know this man: know that the Lord 
knoweth the hearts of all : and that he, who gave breath to all, 
knoweth all things : and will render to every one according to 
his works. 

13 My son, eat honey (for a honey comb is good) that thy pa- 

14 late may be sweetened. In like manner let thy soul taste wis- 
dom ; for if thou find it, thy end will be good and hope will 
not forsake thee. 

15 Lead not the wicked to the pasture of the righteous ; nor 

16 be led astray for a belly full. For a righteous man may fall 
seven times and rise again ; but in calamities the wicked shall 
be without strength. 

17 If thine enemy fall rejoice not over him ; nor be elated at 
his stumbling : for the Lord will see and it will displease him, 
and he will turn away his wrath. 

18 Kejoice not over evil doers nor envy sinners. For the poste- 
rity of an evil one cannot continue ; and the lamp of the wicked 
shall be extinguished. 

19 My son, fear God and the king and be not disobedient to 
either of them. For they can suddenly punish the wicked ; and 
their punishments who can know ? 

21 A son who keepeth the word shall be far from destruc- 
tion ; for he hath received it to effect. 

22 Let no falsehood be uttered from the mouth of a king, and 
from his mouth let no falsehood proceed. 

23 The tongue of a king is a sword and not flesh; whoever 
is delivered up to it shall be destroyed. For if his wrath be 
sharpened, it consumeth men with thongs, and devoureth the 


bones of men ; or like a flame, burnetii them up, so that they 
cannot be devoured by young eagles. 
XXX. My son, be awed by these words of mine, receive them 
and reform. Thus saith the man to them who trust in God — 
but I stop. For I am the most foolish of all men. And I have 

2 not the understanding of man in me. God hath taught me wis- 
dom : and I have gained a knowledge of holy things. 

3 Who hath ascended up to heaven and come down ? 
Who hath collected the winds in his bosom ? 
Who hath infolded the water in a mantle ? 

Who hath a dominion over all the ends of the earth ? 

What is his name ? or what the name of his sons ? 

Since all the words of God are tried, and he is a shield to 
them who revere him; add not to his words lest he reprove 
thee and thou be found a liar. 

Two things I beg of thee — deprive me not of favour before 
I die ; remove far from me vanity and lying. Give me neither 
riches nor poverty, but order for me things necessary and 
convenient ; that when I am filled I may not become false and 
say, Who seeth me ? Or being in want, steal and swear by the 
name of God. 

Deliver not up a servant into the hands of a master; lest 
he curse thee and thou be removed out of sight. 

A wicked progeny curse their father and bless not their 

A wicked progeny judge themselves righteous, but have 
not purged their ways. 

A wicked progeny have lofty eyes and uplifted eyebrows. 

A wicked progeny have teeth like swords and grinders 
like cleavers, so as to consume and devour the poor from the 
earth, and the needy from among men. 
XXIY. 23 But this I say to you who are wise to know, it is not 
good to respect a person in judgment. 

24 He who saith of the wicked, " He is not guilty," shall be 

25 cursed by the tribes and hateful to the nations : but they who 
reprove shall appear better ; and upon them a blessing shall 

26 Lips will kiss the things which convey good words. 

27 Prepare thy works for the time of going out, and be in com- 


plete preparation for the field and come after me ; then thou 
shalt build thyself a house. 

28 Be not a false witness against thy fellow citizen, nor give a 

29 loose to thy lips. Do not say, " I will use him as he hath used 
me ; and punish him for the injuries he hath done me." 

30 A fool is like a field, and a man void of understanding, like 

31 a vineyard ; if thou lettest them alone, they will be overrun 
with weeds and grass, and become useless, and their stone 
fences will be thrown down. 

32 I have at length repented and looked about, with a view to 

33 chuse instruction. I am dozing a little — just taking a short 

34 nap — just infolding my breast with my hands. If such indeed 
be thy conduct; poverty will come upon thee like a traveller 
and want like a swift courier. 

XXX. 15 The leech had three daughters greatly beloved, but 
these three did not satisfy her — nay even the fourth did not 
suffice for her to say, There is enough. 

1 6 The grave, and lust for women, and land unsatiated with 
water — nay water and fire will never say, There is enough. 

1 7 The eye which derideth a father and despiseth the old age 
of a mother, may the ravens of the valley pick it out, and the 
young eagles devour it. 

18 There are three things which I cannot perceive, and a fourth 
which I do not know — the tracks of an eagle in its flying — the 
footsteps of a serpent on a rock — the marks of a ship crossing 

20 the sea — and the ways of a man in youth. Such is the way of an 
adulterous woman, who having committed the act and washed 
herself, saith, that she hath done nothing improper. 

21 By three things a land is disturbed, and a fourth it cannot 

22 bear — a servant when he reigneth — a fool when filled with 

23 meat — a handmaid when she expelleth her mistress — and an 
odious woman when she hath a good husband. 

24 There are four things on the earth which are very small, yet 

25 they are wiser than the wise — the ants, which not having 

26 strength, provide their food in summer — the choirogryllus, 
which being a feeble nation have built their houses among 

27 rocks — the locusts, which having no king encamp regularly 

28 at the word of command — and the calabotes, which depending 
on its feelers and being easily caught maketh its abode in the 
fortresses of kings. 


29 There are three things which march well and a fourth 

30 which is stately in its gait — a young lion the strongest of beasts 
which turneth not aside nor feareth any beast — and a cock 

31 strutting magnanimously among his females — and a he-goat 
marching at the head of a flock — and a king harranguing a 

32 If thou sufferest thyself to be elated with joy and engagest 
in battle thou wilt incur disgrace. 

33 Churn milk and there will be butter, and if thou wringest the 
nose, blood will issue forth; so if thou usest provoking lan- 
guage contentions and quarrels will ensue. 

XXXI. These words of mine have been dictated by God, 
they are the prophecy of a king whom his mother instructed- 

2 What wilt thou keep my son ? What ! keep the dictates of 
God. One right of primogeniture I tell thee, my son. What 
is it thou son of my womb ? What is it thou son of my vows ? 

3 Give not thy wealth to women; nor thine understanding and 
thy life for that which will bring sorrow. 

4 Do all things with counsel. Drink wine with counsel. 

5 Princes are passionate, therefore let them not drink wine, lest 
by drinking they forget wisdom, and become incapable of ad- 
ministering justice to the oppressed. 

6 Give strong drink to those in trouble, and wine to be drunk 
by them who are in sorrow ; that they may forget their distress 
and no more remember their troubles. 

7 Open thy mouth with the word of God, and administer jus- 
tice to all with a sound understanding. 

8 Open thy mouth and judge righteously, and plead the cause 
of the weak and needy. 

XXV. These are the detached instructions of Solomon winch 
the friends of Hezehias king of Judea copied out. 

2 The glory of God obscureth a matter : but the glory of a 
king giveth a lustre to actions. 

3 Heaven is high and the earth is deep : and the heart of a 
king is unsearchable. 

4 Beat drossy silver and all that is pure will be purified. 

5 Slay the wicked from the presence of a king and his throne 
will be established in righteousness. 

6 Boast not in the presence of a king ; nor range thyself in 


the places of princes : For it is better it should be said to thee ; 
" Come up hither ; " than that thou shouldst give place at the 
presence of a prince. 

7 Tell what thine eyes have seen. 

8 Enter not hastily into a quarrel : lest thou repent at the last 
when thy friend shall upbraid thee. 

9 In yielding shew no contempt, lest thy friend upbraid thee : 
in which case thy quarrel and enmity will not cease, but last 
till death. 

10 Favour and friendship give freedom. .Keep these for thyself 
that thou mayst not be exposed to reproach. But keep thy 
ways with a placable temper. 

11 It is an apple of gold in a sardine bracelet, thus to speak 
a word. 

12 A precious sardius is bound to an ear-ring of gold; and a 
word of wisdom to an obedient ear. 

13 As the coming out of snow in harvest is grateful accord- 
ing to the degree of heat : so is a faithful messenger to them 
who send him : for he refresheth the souls of them who em- 
ploy him. 

H As winds and clouds and rain are conspicuous things ; so is 
he who boasteth for a false gift. 

1 5 By patience kings have a prosperous journey : and a soft 
tongue breaketh bones. 

16 Having found honey eat just what is sufficient : lest being 
glutted thou vomit it up. 

17 Go seldom to the house of thy friend : lest he be cloyed 
with thee and hate thee. 

18 Sharp is a nail and a sword and an arrow : so is a man 
who beareth false witness against his friend. 

19 The way of a bad man and the foot of a transgressor shall 
be destroyed in an evil day. 

20 As vinegar is hurtful to a boil ; so bodily disease giveth 
pain to the heart. 

21 As a moth in a garment and a worm in wood : so a man's 
grief hurteth the heart. 

22 If thine enemy hunger feed him ; if he be thirsty give him 
drink : for by doing this thou wilt use the means to melt him ; 
and the Lord will reward thee with good. 


23 The north wind raiseth clouds : and an impudent counte- 
nance irritateth the tongue. 

24 It is better to dwell in a corner of the house top, than with 
a scolding wife in a wide house. 

25 As cold water is grateful to a thirsty soul ; so is good news 
from a distant country. 

26 As if one should stop up a fountain and destroy an outlet 
of water : so is it disorderly for a righteous man to fall before 
the wicked. 

27 It is not good to eat too much honey : but we ought to 
honour glorious words. 

28 A man who doth any thing without counsel ; is like a city 
which hath the foundations of walls laid and is without walls. 

XXVI. As dew at the ingathering of fruit and as rain in har- 
vest : so is honour for a fool. 
2 As birds and ostriches fly away ; so a vain curse will not 

light on any one. 
'.I As a whip for a horse and a goad for an ass ; so is a scourge 
for a sinful nation. 

4 Answer not a fool conformably to his folly; let thou be- 

5 come like him. But answer a fool according to his folly ; that 
he may not think himself wise. 

6 He who sendeth a message by a foolish messenger ; by his 
own ways procureth disgrace. 

7 As well take walking from the legs ; as transgression from 
the mouth of fools. 

8 He who bindeth a stone in a sling is like him who giveth 
honour to a fool. 

9 Thorns stick in the hands of a drunken man ; and slavery in 
the hand of fools. 

10 All the flesh of fools is in a tempest : for their soundest sleep 
is broken. 

11 As a dog becometh odious when he returneth to his vo- 
mit ; so is a fool for his wickedness, when he returneth to 
his sin. 

12 There is a shame which leadeth to sin : and a shame which 
procureth glory and honour. 

13 I have seen a man who thought himself wise : but there 
was more hope of a fool than of him. 


14 A slothful man sent on a journey saith, There is a lion in 
the way and murderers in the streets. 

15 As a door turneth on its hinges so doth a slothful man on 
his bed. 

lG A slothful man having hid his hand in his bosom cannot 
bring it out to his mouth. 

17 A slothful man thinketh himself wiser than him who in 
plenty carrieth a message. 

He who meddleth with another's strife, is like one who 
taketh a dog by the tail. 

1 8 As they who undertake to cure throw out words for men ; 
and he who falleth in with the proposal will be first supplant- 

19 ed; so all who ensnare their friends, when they are found out 
say, I did it in sport. 

20 By much fuel a fire is nourished : but where there is no 
stirrer up of quarrels, contention ceaseth. 

2 1 A hearth is for coals and fuel for fire : and a contentious 
man for the bustle of strife. 

22 The words of the crafty are soft : but they pierce the 
inmost recesses of the soul. 

23 Silver given with deceit, should be accounted as a potsherd. 
Smooth lips disguise a wicked heart. 

24 A weeping enemy assenteth to every thing with his lips : 
but in his heart he contriveth deceit. 

25 Though an enemy intreat thee with a loud voice, believe 
him not : for in his heart there is seven fold wickedness. 

26 He who concealeth enmity practiseth deceit ; but being 
found out he discloseth his sins in publick assemblies. 

27 May he who diggeth a pit for his neighbour fall into it ; 
and he who rolleth a stone, roll it on himself. 

28 A lying tongue hateth truth ; and a flattering mouth work- 
eth ruin. 

XXVII. Boast not of things of to-morrow ; for thou knowest not 
what the coming day will bring forth. 

2 Let a neighbour praise thee and not thine own mouth — a 
stranger and not thine own lips. 

3 A stone is heavy and sand is weighty ; but a fool's anger 
is heavier than both. 


4 Wrath is cruel and anger outrageous : but nothing can 
withstand envy. 

5 Open rebukes are better than concealed love. 

6 More faithful are the wounds of a friend ; than the feigned 
kisses of an enemy. 

7 A full soul loatheth a honey comb : but to a hungry soul 
even bitter things are sweet. 

8 As a bird when taken hooded from its nest ; so is a man 
reduced to slavery, when removed from his country. 

9 With myrrh and wine and perfumes the heart is cheered : 
but with misfortunes the spirit is broken. 

10 Thine own friend and thy father's friend forsake not ; but 
when unfortunate go not to the house of thy brother. 

Better is a friend near at hand, than a brother far off. 

11 Be wise, my son that thy heart may rejoice, and remove 
from thee reproachful speeches. 

12 When ills approach, a prudent man is hidden : but the 
simple pass on to their sorrow. 

13 Take away his mantle, for a scorner passed by who wast- 
eth the property of others. 

14 He who blesseth a friend with a loud voice, rising early, 
will appear not unlike one who curseth him. 

15 A continual dropping driveth a man out of his house in a 
rainy day : and so doth a contentious wife. 

16 Boreas is a harsh wind, though it be called by an honour- 
able name. 

17 Iron sharpeneth iron, but a man exasperateth the face of a 

18 He who planteth a fig tree shall eat of its fruit ; and he 
who guardeth his master shall be honoured. 

19 As faces do not resemble faces : so neither do the thoughts 
of men. 

20 The grave and destruction are never satisfied : in like man- 
ner the eyes of men are insatiable. 

He who hath staring eyes, and fools who cannot govern 
their tongue ; are an abomination to the Lord. 

21 Fire is the trier of gold and silver : but a man is tried by 
the mouth of them who praise him. 

vol. it. s s 


The heart of a transgressor seeketh evils : but a righteous 
heart seeketh knowledge. — 

22 Though thou shouldst whip a fool publickly and disgrace 
him : thou canst not take away his folly. 

23 Be careful to know the state of thy 'flock; and pay close 

24 attention to thy herd : for wealth and power do not continue 
with a man forever ; nor can he transmit them from one gene- 
ration to another. 

25 Take care of the herbage in thy field : mow grass and 

26 collect provender from the hills : that thou mayst have sheep 
for clothing. 

27 Honour the field that thou mayst have lambs. 

My son, thou hast sayings from me powerfully conducive 
to thy life : and the life of thy servants. 
XXVIII. The wicked fleeth when none pursue th : but the 
righteous is bold as a lion. 

2 Contentions are raised by the sins of the wicked : but a pru- 
dent man extinguisheth them. 

3 A mighty man by wicked acts oppresseth the poor. 

As a sweeping rain is indeed unprofitable, so are they who 

4 forsake the law and applaud iniquity : but they who love the 
law encompass themselves with a wall. 

5 Bad men will not understand judgment : but they who 
seek the Lord will be wise in every thing. 

6 Better is a poor man who walketh in truth than a rich liar. 

7 A wise son keepeth the law ; but he who feedeth prodi- 
gality dishonoureth his father. 

8 He who increaseth his wealth by usury and unjust gain ; 
gathereth it for him who will pity the poor. 

9 As for him who turneth away his ear from hearkening to 
the law ; even his prayer is an abomination. 

10 He who causeth the righteous to wander in an evil way 
shall himself fall into destruction. 

The upright shall have good things in possession : but 

11 the unrighteous shall pass by good things and shall not enter 
into them. 

A rich man is wise in his own conceit. But a poor man 
who hath understanding will find him out. 


12 For helping the righteous there is great glory : but in the 
places of the wicked ; men are entrapped. 

13 He who covereth his wickedness shall not prosper; but he 
who confesseth and forsaketh will be beloved. 

14 Happy the man who piously feareth all things : but he who 
is of an intractable temper will fall into evils. 

15 He who ruleth over a poor nation, himself being poor, is a 
hungry lion and a ravening wolf. 

16 A king straitened in his revenue is a great oppressor : but he 
who hateth injustice shall live long. 

17 He who is bail for a man in a case of murder, shall be a fu- 
gitive, but not in safety. 

Correct a son and he will love thee and be an ornament to 
thy life. He will not hearken to an unrighteous nation. 

18 He who walketh righteously will be helped : but he who 
walketh in crooked ways will be entangled. 

19 He who tilleth his own ground shall have plenty of bread ; 
but he who followeth idleness, shall have plenty of poverty. 

20 A faithful man will be much praised ; but the wicked shall 
not escape punishment. 

21 He who regardeth not the persons of the righteous, is not 
good : such a one will deliver up a man for a morsel of bread. 

22 An envious man hasteth to be rich, and knoweth not that 
the bountiful shall have mastery over him. 

23 He who reproveth a man's ways shall have more thanks 
than he who hath a flattering tongue. 

24 He who casteth off a father or mother and thinketh that 
he doth not sin ; is indeed the partner of an impious man. 

25 A faithless man judgeth rashly : but he who trusteth in the 
Lord will be careful. 

26 He who putteth confidence in the boldness of his heart is 
a fool : but he who walketh wisely shall be saved. 

27 He who giveth to the poor shall not be in want : but he 
who turneth away his eyes shall be indigent. 

28 In the places of the wicked, the righteous groan : but by 
their destruction, the righteous will be multiplied. 

XXIX. Better is a man of experience, than a man who is 
stiff-necked : for when the latter is suddenly burned, there is 
no healing him. 


2 When the righteous are applauded the people will rejoice : 
but when the wicked bear rule, men will mourn. 

3 When a man loveth wisdom his father is gladdened : but 
he who feedeth harlots spendeth his substance. 

4 A righteous king raiseth a country ; but a transgressor 
overthroweth it. 

5 He who shall provide a net to catch his friend ; spreadeth 
it for his own feet. 

6 For a mighty transgressor there is a great snare ; but the 
just shall have joy and gladness. 

7 A righteous man is skilled in administering justice to the 
poor : but the wicked doth not take due cognisance : nor hath 
he a feeling heart for the poor. 

8 Men regardless of law, set a city in a flame : but wise men 
avert wrath. 

9 A wise man shall judge nations : but a fool when angry is 
derided and terrifleth not. 

10 Men stained with blood hate one who is holy : but the up- 
right will make strict inquest for his life. 

11 A fool sheweth all his wrath ; but a wise man dispenseth 
it gradually. 

12 When a king hearkeneth to falsehood, all under him are 

13 When creditor and debtor meet each other ; the Lord hath 
a watch over both. 

14 When a king judgeth the poor faithfully; his throne will 
be established for a memorial. 

15 The rod and reproofs give wisdom : but a child led astray 
shameth his parents. 

16 When the wicked abound, transgressions are multiplied : 
but when they fall, the righteous are awed. 

17 Correct thy son and he will give thee rest ; and add honour 
to thy life. 

18 With a sinful nation an instructor can not continue : but he 
who keepeth the law is most happy. 

19 A stubborn servant will not be instructed by words : for 
though he may understand he will not obey. 

20 If thou seest a man hasty in his words : be assured there is 
more hope of a fool than of him. 


21 He who feedeth delicately from his youth, shall be a ser- 
vant and at last afflicted with sorrow. 

22 A passionate man stirreth up strife : but a furious man is 
a digger up of sin. 

23 A man's pride will bring him low : but the Lord will glo- 
riously support the humble. 

24 He who is partner with a thief hateth his own soul : and so 
do they, who hear an oath administered, if they do not make 

25 They who fear and reverence men have been supplanted : 
but he whose trust is in the Lord shall be gladdened. 

Impiety causeth a man to fall : but he who trusteth in the 
Lord shall be safe. 

26 Many court the favour of princes : but justice cometh to a 
man from the Lord. 

27 A righteous man is an abomination to an unjust man : and 
a straight course is an abomination to a transgressor. 

XXXI. 10 AVho can find a virtuous woman? Such a one is 
indeed more valuable than precious stones. 

11 The heart of her husband trusteth in her : such a one hath 

1 2 no need of spoils : for she laboureth for her husband's good 
all her life long. 

13 Having spun wool and flax she made a useful work with her 

14 hands. She was like a merchant vessel which bringeth riches 

15 from afar : She arose by night and gave food to her house- 

16 hold and work to her maids. Having viewed a field she bought 

17 it, and with the fruits of her hands planted the purchase. Hav- 
ing girded herself tight about the waist, she strengthened her 

18 arms for work. And finding that it was good to work, her 

19 lamp is not extinguished the whole night. Her elbows she ex- 
tendeth over the spindle ; and her hands she keepeth at the 

20 distaff. But she opened her hand to the needy ; and stretched 

21 out her handful to the distressed. Her husband when long 
abroad is not concerned for those at home : for all with her 

22 are well clothed. She made for her husband double garments ; 

23 and for herself robes of cotton and purple. And her husband is dis- 
tinguished in the gates ; when he sitteth in council with the elders 

24 of the land. She made sindons and sold girdles to the Chananites. 
She opened her mouth sparingly and with propriety ; and had 


25 her tongue in due subjection. She clothed herself with niajes- 

26 ty and excellence, and enjoyed delights in her latter days. The 
gates of her house were kept close shut; and she eateth not 

27 the bread of idleness. She openeth her mouth with wisdom, 

28 and maxims of prudence. Her bounty caused her children to 
honour her ; for they were rich, and her husband praised her. 

29 Many daughters have possessed wealth, many have acted 
virtuously : but thou hast surpassed — thou hast excelled all. 

30 False are allurements, and vain the beauty of a wife. For a 
woman of understanding is blessed. Let her therefore praise the 

31 fear of the Lord. Give her of the fruits of her hands ; and let 
her husband be praised in the gates. 


I. The words of the preacher the son of David, king of Israel 

in Jerusalem. 

2 Vanity of vanities, said the preacher. Vanity of vanities. 
All is vanity. 

3 What lasting advantage hath a man by all the labour with 

4 which he toileth under the sun ? One generation passeth away 
and another cometh. But the earth hath continually kept its 

5 The sun riseth and the sun setteth and cometh round to 

6 his place. Rising there he marcheth southward, then wheeleth 

7 about to the north. The wind wheeleth in circuits, and in its 
circuits it returneth. All the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea 
is not filled. To the place whence the rivers come, thither they 

8 return to continue their course. All these considerations are 
wearisome. Man cannot recount them: nor can the eye be sa- 
tisfied with seeing ; nor the ear filled with hearing. 

9 What is that which hath been ? The very same which shall 
be. And what is that which hath been done ? The very same 
which shall be done : for there is nothing entirely new under 

1 the sun. Who can speak and say, Behold this is entirely new. 
It hath been already in the ages past which were before us. 

11 There is no remembrance of former things : and of those 
things which shall happen hereafter, there will be no remem- 
brance among them who shall be born at a remote period. 


12 I the preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem ; and I 

13 applied my heart to seek and make diligent search by wisdom 
concerning all the things which are done on the earth. Be- 
cause God hath assigned to the sons of men painful employ- 

14 inent, that they may be kept employed, I took a view of all 
the different sorts of work which are done under the sun. 

Jo xlnd behold they are all vanity and vexation of spirit. That 
which is crooked cannot be made straight, nor can wants be 

16 I communed with my heart, saying, Behold I am become 
great and have made advances in wisdom above all who were 
before me in Jerusalem. And I have applied my mind to know 

17 wisdom and knowledge. And my mind hath taken a view of 
many things — of wisdom and knowledge — of parables and 

18 science. I have found by experience that this also is indeed 
vexation of spirit. 

II. Because by much wisdom there is much knowledge; and 

1 he who addeth to his knowledge will add to his sorrow ; I said 
in my heart, Come now let me try thee with pleasure. Take a 
view of that considered as a good. But behold this also is va- 

2 nity. To laughter I said, It is madness ; and to mirth, What is 
this thou art doing ? 

3 Now I had examined whether my mind could lead my 
flesh to wine ; and my mind had led it with wisdom, retaining 
a command over pleasure, until I should see of what sort that 
good is, which the sons of men are to pursue under the sun, 

4 all the days of their life. I enlarged my plan of operations. I 

5 built me houses. I planted me vineyards. I made me gardens 

6 and orchards and planted therein all sorts of fruit trees. I made 
me pools of water, to water from them my blooming nurse- 

7 ries. I purchased men servants and maid servants; and had 
servants born in my family. And my stock of herds and flocks 

8 was great above all who were before me in Jerusalem. I col- 
lected also for myself silver and gold and the choicest treasures 
of kings and countries. I got me men singers and women 
singers, and the delights of the sons of men — a butler and the 

9 requisites to entertainments. And I was great and surpassed 
all who had been before me in Jerusalem ; and still my wisdom 

10 continued with me. And whatever mine eyes desired I with- 


held not from them, nor did I restrain my heart from all my 

Because my heart had been gladdened with all my labour, 

11 (now this was my portion from all my labour) therefore I look- 
ed back on all the works which my hands had done, and on 
the labour with which I had toiled to execute them ; and be- 
hold all was vanity and vexation of spirit and there is no last- 
ing advantage under the sun. 

12 Then I looked back to take a view of wisdom and mad- 
ness and folly. In all the particulars which formed this delibe- 

13 ration (for who is the man equal to a compleat investigation) 
I saw indeed that there is an advantage in wisdom above fol- 

14 ly, like the advantage of light above darkness. The wise man's 
eyes are in his head ; but the fool walketh in darkness. Never- 

15 theless I knew that one event will happen to them all. Therefore I 
said in my heart, As the same event will happen to me as hap- 
peneth to the fool, why have I studied wisdom ? Why com- 
muned abundantly with my heart ? Because even this is vanity — 

16 (since out of an abundance the fool speaketh)— because there 
is no remembrance forever of the wise man more than of the 
fool (seeing the days are now coming when all shall be for- 

17 gotten and the wise must die as well as the fool) therefore I 
hated the whole of this life ; because the work which was done 
under the sun was toilsome to me — because all are vanity and 

1 8 vexation of spirit : and I hated all this labour of mine for 
which I am toiling under the sun ; because I must leave it to a 
man who is coming after me; and who knoweth whether he 

19 shall be a wise man or a fool? Now if he hath power over all 
my labour for which I have toiled and in which I have dis- 
played wisdom under the sun ; surely this is vanity. 

20 Then I turned about that my heart might state distinctly 
in every labour of mine in which I had toiled under the sun — 

21 that here is a man whose labour hath been with wisdom and 
with knowledge, and with ability ; and there is a man to whom, 
though he did not labour fur him, he shall give his portion. 

22 Surely this is vanity and a great vexation — That such is the 
case with another man by all his labours and the vexation of 

23 his heart with which he toileth under the sun, that all his days 
are days of sorrow and his employment grief, and even at night 
his heart hath no rest. Surely this is vanity. 


24 (a) Hath not a man something good which he can eat and drinh 
and which he can point out to his soul as a good hy his labour ? 

25 (b) With respect to that I saw indeed that even this is from 
the hand of God ; for who can eat or who can drink without 

26 him ? For to the man who is good in his sight he hath given 
wisdom and knowledge and joy ; and to the sinner he hath 
given the trouble of gathering and heaping up to give to him 
who is good in the sight of God. So that this also is vanity and 
vexation of spirit. 

III. Time is for all things : but there is a particular portion of 

2 time for every particular affair under heaven — a time to be born 

3 and a time to die — a time to plant and a time to root up what 
was planted — a time to kill and a time to heal — a time to pull 
down and a time to build up — a time to weep and a time to 

4 laugh — a time to mourn and a time to dance — a time to cast 

5 away stones and a time to gather stones together — a time to 

6 embrace and a time to refrain from embracing — a time to seek 

7 and a time to lose — a time to keep and a time to throw away — 
a time to rend and a time to sew — a time to be silent and a 

8 time to speak — a time to love and a time to hate — a time of 

9 war and a time of peace. What is the lasting advantage of the 

10 agent from the things in which he laboureth ? I have taken a 
collective view of all the business which God hath assigned to 

11 the sons of men to be exercised therewith. All the things 
which he made, considered as a whole, are good in his time. 
But with regard to all things considered as one tohole, to them 
he hath assigned the whole age ; so that no man can find out 

12 the work which God hath done from beginning to end. I have 

13 found that there is no good in them (I mean in regard to every 
man who eateth and drinketh, and can see good in all his la- 
bour) if there is not a gift of God that he may be made glad 

14 and do good in his life. I have found that all the things which 
God hath made shall continue their age ; there is no adding to it 
nor taking from it ; and that God hath acted that they may be aw- 

15 ed at his presence. What hath been is now ; and what are to be 
have already been ; and God will find out him who is persecut- 

16 ed : and yet I saw under the sun a place of judgment ; was the 

(a) an objection, (b) the answer. 
VOL. IT. T t 


wicked there ? and a place for the just ; was the pious there ? 

17 Then I said in my heart God will judge the whole class of the 
righteous, and the whole class of the wicked. For there is a 
time for every thing ; and he is there over all the work. 

18 I communed with my heart concerning a saying of the sons 
of men, " That God distinguisheth them. 11 Now in order to 

19 shew that they themselves are beasts, that at least which be- 
falleth man, befalleth them ; and that which befalleth the beast 
befalleth man. The same event happeneth to both. As the one 
dieth, so doth the other. And they have all one breath. What 
advantage then hath man over the beast ? None : for all are va- 

20 nity. They are all for one place. They were all from dust: 

21 and to dust they shall all return. And who hath seen the breath 
of the sons of men whether it ascendeth upwards ; and the 
breath of the beast, whether it descendeth downwards into the 

22 earth? So I saw that there is nothing good in the works of 
man, but that by which he can be made glad ; for that is his 
portion, for who will bring him to see what will be after him ? 

IV. Then I turned and took a view of all the different sorts of 
oppression under the sun ; and behold the tear of the oppress- 
ed and they have no comforter. Though from the hand of op- 

2 pressors some have relief; yet others have no comforter. There- 
fore I praised the whole body of the dead — those who were 

3 already dead, above the living — those who are still alive : but 
better than both is he who hath never been — who hath not seen 
all the evil work which is done under the sun. 

4 In the review of labour in general, I took a view in parti- 
cular of manly exertion in executing. Because this causeth a 
man to be envied by his neighbour, this therefore is vanity and 

5 vexation of spirit. The fool folded his hands and devouring 

6 his flesh said, Better is one handful of rest than two handfuls 
of labour and vexation of spirit. 

7 Then I turned and took a view of a vanity under the sun — 

8 Here is a single individual who hath no second ; at least he hath 
neither son nor brother, yet there is no end to all his labour. 
His eye is not satisfied with riches, yet doth he say, For whom 
do I labour and deprive my soul of good ? Surely this is vanity 

9 and a sore vexation. Two are better than one. They have a bet- 
10 ter reward for their labour. For if they chance to fall the one 


can raise up his fellow. But alas for him who is alone, when 

11 he falleth and hath not another to raise him up. Again if two 
lie together they have warmth : but how can one be warm who 

12 is alone ? Again though one should be strong the two may 
withstand him, and a three fold cord cannot easily be broken- 

13 Better is a poor and wise subject than an old and foolish 

14 king who hath not yet learned how to conduct himself; for 

15 out of prison he may come to reign. Because even in his own 
kingdom he was needy, I took a view of the whole body of 
the living who were walking under the sun with the youth 

10 second in rank who is to succeed him. There is no end of all 
the people — of all who resorted to them. Yet they who come 
last will have no joy in him. Surely this also is vanity and 
vexation of spirit. 

V. Keep thy foot when thou goest to the house of God, and 
let thy sacrifice be a readiness to hear rather than the oblation 
of fools. Because they are not sensible that they do amiss, be 

2 thou not rash with thy mouth ; nor let thy heart be hasty to 
utter a word in the presence of G-od. Because God is in the 
heaven above, and thou art on the earth, let thy words there- 

3 fore be few. Because a dream cometh by much temptation, 

4 and a fool's voice with many words ; when thou vowest a vow 
to God delay not the performance of it. For in fools there is no 

5 fixed will. Pay thou therefore what thou vowest. It is better 
not to vow, than to vow and not perform. Suffer not thy 

6 mouth to cause thy flesh to sin, nor say in the presence of 
God, It was an inadvertence, that God may not be provoked 

7 to wrath by thy voice, and destroy the works of thy hands, 
because it was with a multitude of dreams and vanities, and 
many words that thou fearest God. 

8 If thou seest a frivolous accusation of a poor man, and a 
rigorous exaction of judgment and justice in a country, mar- 
vel not at the matter. Because there is a high one over a high 
one to watch, and high ones are for these things, and the profit 

9 of land is for every one, a king is appendant to the cultivated 

10 field. A lover of silver cannot be satisfied with silver ; but did 
any one ever love what the abundance of this produceth ? 

11 Surely this is vanity. By an abundance of wealth they who 
consume it are multiplied. And what is the mighty advantage 
of the owner from it ? That he hath the first si^ht of it with 


12 his eyes ? The sleep of the slave is sweet whether he eateth 
little or much. But the fulness of the rich suffereth him not 
to sleep. 

13 There is a weakness which I have seen under the sun — 

14 riches kept by one for his descendant to his own hurt. Yet 
these riches acquired with grievous vexation shall perish, and 

15 he hath begotten a son, and there is nothing in his hand. As 
he came naked out of his mother's womb, he shall turn about 
and go as he came. He shall take nothing by his labour to go 

16 with him in his hand. Surely this a grievous weakness ; 
for as he came, so he must depart. What then is his lasting 

17 advantage, for which he laboureth in vain ; and for which all 
his days are in darkness and mourning, and much grief and 
weakness and repining ? 

18 Behold I have seen a good which is comely, namely to 
eat and drink, and to have a good enjoyment in all the labour 
with which one toileth under the sun, the number of the days 
of his life which God hath given him ; for this is his portion. 

19 And every man indeed to whom God hath given riches and 
wealth, and granted him power to eat thereof, and to take his 
portion, hath by means of his being made glad in his labour, 

20 this further gift of God, that he will not much remember the 
days of his life, because God occupieth him with the joy of 
his heart. 

VI. There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, and it 

2 is common among men — a man to whom God giveth riches 
and wealth and glory, so that he wanteth nothing for his soul 
of all that he can desire ; but God granteth him not a power 

3 to eat thereof. In as much as a stranger is to devour it, this is 
vanity and grievous infirmity. Though a man should beget a 
hundred children and live many years, if during that multi- 
tude of years which his days shall continue, his soul shall not 
be satisfied with an enjoyment of good, and he hath got no 
burying place, I conclude that an Abortive is better than he. 

4 Grant that it came in vanity and goeth away in darkness ; with 

5 darkness also his name shall be covered! It indeed never saw 

6 the light ; and he never knew rest : it hath an advantage over 
him though he had lived the revolutions of a thousand years, 
if he never enjoyed good. Do not all go to one place ? 


7 All the labour of a man is for the mouth ; yet the appetite 

8 will not be satisfied : here then a wise man hath the advantage 
over a fool ; since the poor man knoweth that to pass through 

9 life, what he sees with the eyes is better for him than to be 
wandering after appetite, which is indeed vanity and vexation 
of spirit. 

10 Whatever hath been is now called by its name, and it is 
known what man is who cannot contend with one who is 
stronger than he. 

11 Since there are many arguments to prove the abundance 
of vanity ; is there any one thing better than another for man ? 

12 Doth any one know what is good for man in this life? All the 
days of his life of vanity he hath indeed done these things un- 
der a shade ; is there any who can tell him what will be after 
him under the sun ? 

VII. A good name is better than precious oil ; and the day of 

2 death, than a birth day. It is better to go to a house of mourn- 
ing than to a house of feasting. As that is the end of every 
man therefore the living will improve his understanding. 

3 Grief is better than laughter ; for by a sadness of countenance 

4 a heart may be made better. The heart of the wise is in a house 

5 of mourning ; but the heart of fools, in a house of mirth. It 
is better for a man to hear the rebuke of the wise, than to lis- 

6 ten to the song of tools. Like the crackling of thorns under a 

7 pot, so is the laughter of fools. Surely this also is vanity. Be- 
cause oppression distracteth a wise man and destroyeth his 
good disposition, the final sentence is better than such a go- 

8 vernment. Better is a patient man than one of a haughty spirit. 

9 Be not apt to be grieved in spirit ; for grief will rest in the 

10 bosom of fools. Say not, How happened it that the former days 

11 were better than these? For thou hast not inquired wisely 
concerning this. Wisdom is good with an inheritance ; and it 
is an advantage to them who see the sun, that they are in the 

12 shade of it. Wisdom is like the shade of money ; but the ad- 
vantage of the knowledge of wisdom is — it will give life to 

13 him who is a follower of it. Contemplate the works of God ; for 
who can make him straight whom God hath made crooked. 

14 In the days of prosperity enjoy good ; but consider in the day 
of adversity — consider that God hath made the one in due 


proportion to the other, forming a whole, as hath been said, 
that man cannot find out any of his ways. 

15 In the days of my vanity I took a view of all classes. Here 
is a righteous man perishing for his righteous act : there a 

16 wicked man continuing in his wickedness. Be not over right- 
eous ; nor dive too far into wisdom, lest peradventure thou be 

17 struck with astonishment. Run not into an excess of wicked- 
ness nor become hardened, that thou mayst not die untimely. 

18 It is good to restrain thyself in the one case ; and surely for the 

19 other consideration thou shouldst not pollute thy hand. Be- 
cause to them who fear God all things may happen, wisdom 
will help the wise man more than ten mighty men who are in 

20 the city. Because there is not a righteous man on earth who will 

2 1 do good and not commit sin, therefore thou shouldst not pay too 
close attention to all the words which the wicked shall utter, 

22 that thou mayst not hear thy servant cursing thee. For many 
a time he may revile thee and in many ways vex thy heart, be- 
cause thou perhaps in like manner didst curse others. 

23 Having proved all these things by wisdom, I said, Let me 

24 investigate the cause. But that was far removed from me ; far- 
ther than it was. It is indeed a deep depth, who can find it out ? 

25 I took a circuit with my heart to know and examine care- 
fully and to seek wisdom and a mode of calculating, and to 
gain a knowledge of a particular folly and disquietude and 

26 madness of one destitute of the fear of God ; and I find and 
can declare, That bitterer than death is that whole class of wo- 
men who are prostitutes. Though their heart is nets and their 
hands chains, he who is good in the sight of God shall be de- 

27 livered from them ; but a sinner shall be taken by them. Be- 
hold this I found (said the preacher) examining them one by 

28 one to find a class which my soul earnestly sought, but I did 
not find : though I found one man of a thousand, yet a woman 

29 among all these I did not find : but behold this I found, that 
God made mankind upright ; but they have found out many 

VIII. Doth any one know wise men ? Doth any one know the 
solution of a matter? Wisdom will make his countenance 
shine ; but one of an unblushing countenance will be hated. 
2 Watch the mouth of a king, and in regard to the oath of 


3 God be not impatient. From his presence thou inayst with- 
draw. Stay not when he giveth wicked orders; for he will do 

4 what he pleaseth, as a king is absolute ; and who can say to 

5 him, What dost thou? He who keepeth a command will not 
acknowledge it to be — a wicked order ; but a wise man's heart 
knoweth the time of judgment, that — there is a time and a 

6 judgment for everything. Because the man's determination 

7 may be much against him — because none knoweth what may 

8 happen, who can tell him what may come to pass ? No man is 
absolute commander over wind to stop the current of it, and 
over the day of death he hath no authority ; nor is there a dis- 
charge in the day of battle ; nor can wickedness save him w 7 ho 
is under its sway. 

9 Having taken a view of this as a whole, I applied my heart 
to every work which is done under the sun — to all those things 

10 in which man exerciseth authority over man to his hurt. And 
I then saw wicked menicarried to their graves, even out of this 
holy place ; and when they were gone, they were praised in 
the city, because they had done as they did. Surely this is va- 
il nity. Because those who do evil are not speedily called to an 
account, therefore the heart of the children of men is fully set 

12 in them to do evil. He who sinned continued thenceforward 
to do evil, even because of the forbearance shewn to them. 
Now as I know that it is good for them who fear God, that 

13 they should be awed by his presence; and that it cannot be 
well with the wicked ; and that he who is not awed by the pre- 
sence of God cannot prolong his days at ease ; this which is 
practised on earth is vanity. 

14 Because there are righteous men on whom cometh as it 
were the work of the wicked ; and because there are wicked 
men on whom cometh, as it were, the work of the righteous, 

15 I said that this is also surely vanity ; and I praised pleasurable 
enjoyment, because there is nothing good for men under the 
sun — nothing save eating and drinking and being made glad ; 
and this one may have conjoined with his labour all the days of 
his life which God giveth him under the sun. 

16 In all those things to which I applied my heart to know 
wisdom and to take a view of the business which is done on 

17 the earth ; because day and night this is never at rest, therefore 


I took a view of all the works of God in classes ; for man is in- 
capable of finding out the whole system of things under the 
sun. Let a man labour ever so much in the search he cannot 
IX. find it out ; and let a wise man say ever so much of knowing he 
cannot find it ; for this cause I laid this whole system before my 
heart, and my heart took a view of it. As the righteous and 
the wise and their works are in the hand of God, man indeed 
knoweth not what to love or what to hate : with regard to all 

2 things before him there is vanity in them all. The same event 
happeneth to the righteous and to the wicked ; to the good, 
and to the bad ; to the clean and to the unclean ; to him who 
sacrificeth and to him who sacrificeth not : as is the good, so is 
the sinner ; as is he who sweareth, so is he who feareth the 

3 oath. There is this evil in every thing done under the sun, 
that one event happeneth to them all, so that the heart of the 
children of men being filled with evil there is an instability in 
their heart during their life, and it followeth them to the dead. 

4 Because whoever is in society with all the living hath hope — 
because the dog which is alive is better than the lion which is 

5 dead — because they who are alive must know that they shall 
die ; but the dead are not sensible of any thing and there is no 

6 more a portion for them — because the remembrance of these is 
forgotten, and their love and their hatred and their envy are al- 
ready perished and they have no more forever a portion in 

7 any thing done under the sun ; come eat thy bread with cheer- 
fulness, and drink thy wine with a good heart : because God 

8 hath approved of thy works, let thy garments be always white ; 

9 and let not oil be wanting on thy head : enjoy life also with 
the wife whom thou lovest all the days of thy life of vanity^ 
which are given thee under the sun : for this is thy portion in 
this life of thine, and this thy labour with which thou toilest 

10 under the sun. Whatever thy hand findeth to do, do it with all 
thy might ; since there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, 
nor wisdom in the mansion of the dead to which thou must go. 

11 Having turned about, I saw under the sun that the race is 
not to the swift, nor the battle to the mighty ; nay not even 
bread to the wise, nor riches to men of understanding ; nor fa- 
vour to men of knowledge — that time and chance will happen 
to them all as forming one whole. That man indeed no more 


knoweth his time than the fishes which are enclosed in an evil 
dredge, or than birds which are caught in a net. Like them the 
sons of men are drawn into an evil time when it cometh upon 
them suddenly. 

13 This also I saw under the sun in regard to wisdom which 

14 with me is in high estimation. There was a small city and few 
men in it. And there came against it a mighty king who besieged 
it and built great ramparts against it ; but he happened to find 

15 in it a poor wise beggar, and this man by his wisdom saved 
the city ; yet no man remembered the class of this poor beg- 

16 gar. Now I have said, Wisdom is better than power, yet the 
wisdom of this poor man is despised and his words are not re- 

17 yarded. The words of wise men in a time of rest are more 
minded than the shout of men exercising authority in the bus- 

1S ties of folly. Wisdoni is better than implements of war. One 

X. sinner indeed will destroy much good. Dead flies will 

'1 spoil the best prepared perfumes : but the smallest portion of 

3 wisdom is of more value than the greatest glory of folly. The 
heart of a wise man is on his right : but the heart of a fool is at 
his left. In every way at least when a fool is on his march his 
heart will fail him so that all which he shall devise is folly. 

4 If the spirit of a ruler rise up against thee, resign not thy 
place : for a reconciliation will mollify great offences. 

5 There is an evil which I have seen under the sun as if some- 
thing involuntary came forth from the presence of a person in 

6 authority. The fool is set in high stations while the rich shall 

7 sit in a low place. I have seen slaves on horseback and princes 
walking like slaves on the ground. 

8 He who diggeth a pit may fall into it ; and him, who is clear- 

9 ing away a hedge, a serpent may bite. He who raiseth stones high 
may be overpowered by them ; and he who cleareth wood will 

10 thereby incur danger. If the axe shall fall, or one blunteth its 
edge and redoubled force is to be applied ; the advantage will 

11 be in favour of the man who hath skill. If a serpent biteth at 

12 an interval of charming, there is then no advantage in him who 
charmeth. The words of a wise man's mouth are a charm ; but 

13 the lips of a fool will swallow up himself. The beginning of the 
words of his mouth is folly and the end of his talk is malicious 

14 madness. Though the fool multiplieth words, a man doth not 

vol.. II. u u 


know what the matter is ; and what that shall be which will fol- 

15 low who can tell him. The labour of the foolish will tire them 
like that of one who knoweth not the way to a city. 

16 Alas for thee, city, whose king is a novice and whose 

17 chiefs eat in the morning. Happy thou, land, whose king 
is a son of freemen and whose chiefs eat in due season for 

18 strength : and that they may not be put to shame. By slothful- 
ness the roof will fall, and by idleness of hands a house will 

19 become leaky, so as to excite a derision of them who are pro- 
viding bread and wine and oil that they may be regaled while 

20 living. But to the subjection of money all things will be obe- 
dient. Therefore curse not a king in thy mind, and in the 
inmost recesses of thy bed-chamber curse not a rich man : for 
a bird of the air will carry thy voice, and that which hath 
wings will tell thy saying. 

XI. Send away thy bread on the face of the water; for after 

2 many days thou shalt find it. Give a portion to seven and 
even to eight; for thou knowest not what evil may be on the 

3 earth. When the clouds are filled with rain they empty them- 
selves on the earth : and if a tree falleth, whether it be to the 
south or north, in the place where it shall fall there it shall be. 

4 He who observeth the wind will not sow; and he who looketh 
at the clouds will not reap. In these cases there is no knowing 

5 which way the wind will blow. As thou knowest not how 
bones are formed in the womb of her who is with child; so 
thou canst not know the works of God — all that he shall do 

6 forming one system. In the morning sow thy seed ; and in the 
evening let not thy hand forbear; for thou knowest not which 
will succeed, whether this or that; and should both prosper 
alike, they are good. 

7 Light is indeed sweet, and it is grateful to the eyes to view 
the solar system; yet because, though a man may live many 
years and be delighted in them all, he will still remember that the 

9 days of darkness are many ; that all that is coming is vanity ; 
rejoice then, young man, in thy youth, and let thy heart 
cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thy 
heart spotless and not by the sight of thine eyes, and know that 
10 for all these things God will bring thee to judgment. There- 
fore remove wrath from thy heart and put away evil from thy 


XII. Because youth and thoughtfulness is vanity, therefore 
remember thy Creator in the days of thy youth ; before the evil 

2 days come and the years draw nigh in which thou shalt say, I 
have no pleasure in them. So long as the sun and the light 
and the moon and the stars are not involved in darkness, the 

3 clouds will return after rain. When once the guards of the 
house are shaken, and the men of valour put to flight, and the 

4 grinding maids are idle, because reduced to a few, then shall 
the maids who look out at the windows be darkened, and 
the doors of the market place will be shut at the feebleness of 
the voice of the grinding maid, which will be raised to the 

5 plaintive tone of the young ostrich; and all the daughters of 
the song will be brought low; and they will look up to the 
height and there are terrors in the way. Though the almond 
tree shall have bloomed and the locust hath been fattened and 
the caper bush is shed, because the man is gone to his long 
home, therefore the mourners have made a circuit in the mar- 

6 ket place. Until the silver cord can be wound up no more, 
and the golden bowl be broken, and the bucket broken at the 
well, and the wheel on the well shall run down with it, and 

7 dust return to dust as it was, and the spirit return to God who 

8 gave it, vanity of vanities, said the preacher; all things are 

9 And moreover, because the preacher was wise, because he 
taught mankind wisdom ; that the ear might find what is comely 

10 from parables, the preacher made diligent search to find pleas- 

11 ing words and a writing of rectitude— words of truth. The 
words of the wise are like goads and nails ready made, which 

12 have been laid up in repositories from one shepherd to ano- 
ther. What remameth of them, my son, keep thou. There is 
no end of making many books. And much study is a weari- 
ness to the flesh. 

13 As a conclusion of the discourse, hear thou the whole sum 
and substance. — Fear God and keep his commandments : for 
this conclusion every man should draw, That God will bring 
the whole work into judgment in every case not taken notice 
of, whether it be good or whether it be evil. 


A Song of Songs which is Solomons. 

2 LET him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth. 

3 Because thy breasts are better thau wine ; and the fragrance 
of thine odours is above all perfumes — Thy name out-poured 
oil, therefore the virgins have loved thee. Thou art drawn : after 
thee we will run to the fragrance of thy perfumes. 

The king brought me into his inner apartment. 

Let us rejoice and be gladdened by thee. We will love thy 
breasts better than wine : rectitude hath loved thee. 
;*> I am brown but comely, daughters of Jerusalem; like 
the tents of Kedar — like the curtains of Solomon. Look not on 
me, because I am of a dark complexion — Because the sun hath 
looked upon me. My mother's children quarrelled with me— 
They made me a keeper in the vineyards. Mine own vineyard 
I did not watch. 

7 Tell me thou whom my soul loveth, where thou tendest 
thy flock — Where thou causest it to rest at noon, perhaps I 
may be like a wanderer among the tents of thy companions. 

8 If thou wouldst not make thyself known, fairest of wo- 
men ; go out by thyself in the track of the flock ; and feed thy 
kids by the shepherds tents. 

9 To that steed of mine in Pharao's chariot I have compared 

10 thee, my love ! What ! thy cheeks are beautiful as a turtle 

11 dove's: and thy neck as strings of pearls. We will make for 
thee suitable figures of gold with spangles of silver. 

12 While the king was at his banquet, my spikenard sent 

13 forth its odour. My dear brother is to me a nosegay of stacte : 

14 it shall be lodged in my bosom. My dear brother is to me a 
cluster of the cypress, in the vineyards of Engaddi. 

1 5 Behold thou art fair, my love ; behold thou art fair. Thine 
eyes are doves. 

16 Behold thou art comely, my dear brother — beautiful in- 
deed ! Near our bed thou wast shaded. 

17 The beams of our houses are cedar. Cypress our vaulted 

II. I am a flower of the field, and a lilly of the vallies. 

2 As a lilly among thorns, so is my consort among the daugh- 

3 As the citron tree among the trees of the forests ; so is my dear 


brother among the youths. In its shade I took great delight and 

4 sat, and its fruit was sweet to my taste. conduct me to the 

5 house of wine, and order for me what I love. Strengthen with 
j)erfumes — strew around me citrons, for I am wounded with 

6 love. Let his left hand be under my head, and his right em- 
brace me ! 

7 I have adjured you, daughters of Jerusalem, by the 
powers and virtues of the field, that you stir not up nor awake 
my love till she please. 

8 II. IT is the voice of my dear brother ! lo he cometh, bounding 
over the mountains — skipping over the hills. My dear brother 

9 is like a roe ; or a young hart on the mountains of Baithor. Lo ! 
he is behind our wall, looking in at the windows, taking a 

10 near view through the lattice. My dear brother addressing me 
saith, " Arise my love, my fair one, my dove ! For lo ! the win- 

11 ter is past — the rain is over: is gone. The flowers appear on 

12 the earth — the pruning season is come. The voice of the tur- 

13 tie is heard in our land. The fig tree hath put forth its green 
figs: the vines are in bloom — they have shed a fragrance. 

14 Arise, come my beloved, my fair one, my dove. Yes, come 
thou dove of mine : in the shelter of the rock near the wall. 
Shew me thy face and let me hear thy voice : for thy voice is 
sweet and thy countenance comely." 

15 Catch for us the little foxes, that spoil vines : for our vines 

16 are in blossom. My dear brother is mine and I am his : he is 

17 feeding among the lillies. Till the day blow fresh and the 
shades be removed. Keturn — Be, my dear brother, like a 
roe, or a young hart on the caverned mountains. 

III. By night on my bed I sought him whom my soul loved. 
I sought him but did not find him. I called him but he made 

2 me no answer. I will rise now and take a circuit in the city — 
in the places of publick resort and in the streets; and seek him 
whom my soul loveth. I sought him but did not find him. 

3 The watchmen who take their rounds in the city, met me. 

4 Saw ye him whom my soul loveth? It was but a little while 
after I parted from them, till I found him whom my soul lov- 
eth. I took hold of him and did not let him go till I brought him 
to my mother's house and into the chambers of her who con- 


5 ceived me. I charged you, daughters of Jerusalem by the 
powers aud virtues of the field, not to stir up nor awake my 
love till he please. 

III. WHAT is this coming up from the wilderness ; like a 
column of smoke, fuming with myrrh and incense made of all 
the perfumer's powders ? 

7 It is the palanquin of Solomon, three score chiefs of the 

8 chiefs of Israel are around it. All swordsmen expert in war. 
Every man with his sword on his thigh, for fear of danger by 

9 night. King Solomon had made himself a palanquin of the 

10 wood of Libanus. Its columns he made of silver, and his sofa 
was of gold. Its canopy was purple, and its inside carpeted 
with love, for the daughters of Jerusalem. 

11 daughter of Sion go forth and view king Solomon; in 
the crown with which his mother crowned him ; on the day 
of his espousals — 

IV. Even on the day of the gladness of his heart. Behold, 
thou art fair, my love ! Behold thou art fair ! Thine eyes are 
doves, now thy veil is removed ! thy hair is like the flocks of 

2 goats which are seen from mount Gralaad : thy teeth like the 
flocks of shorn sheep ; which have just come up from the wash- 
ing pool : they are all twins and there is not one defective 

3 among them. Thy lips are like a braid of scarlet and thy speech 
is graceful : as the skin of a pomegranate, so are thy cheeks, 

4 now thy veil is removed. Thy neck is like the tower of Da- 
vid, which was built for an armoury : on it are hung a thou- 

5 sand shields ; all the javelins of the worthies. Thy two breasts 
are like two twin fawns of a roe ; which are browzing among 

6 lillies. Till the day breeze spring up and the shades are re- 
moved, I will go by myself to the mountain of myrrh, and to 

7 the hill of frankincense. Thou art altogether fair, my love ; 
and there is no blemish in thee. 

IV. COME from Libanus, my spouse; come from Liba- 
nus. Thou canst come, yes come safely from the top of Pis- 
tis — from the summit of Sanir and Herinon — from lions dens, 

9 from the leopards mountains. Thou hast ravished my heart, 
my sister spouse: thou hast ravished my heart with a glance 


10 of thine eyes — with an endearing turn of thy neck. How beau- 
tiful are thy breasts, iny sister spouse ! how much more pleas- 
ing than wine are thy breasts ! and the smell of thy garments, 

11 than all spices ! thy lips, my spouse, drop as a honey comb : 
honey and milk flow from thy tongue : and the fragrance of 

12 thy garments is like the smell of Lebanon. Thou art an en- 
closed garden, my sister spouse : a close shut garden ; a sealed 

13 fountain. Thy productions are a paradise of pomegranates 
with delicious fruits ; aromatic plants with the varieties of bal- 

14 sams — spikenard and saffron, sweet cane and cinnamon ; with 
all kinds of trees of incense — myrrh, aloth with all the prin- 

15 cipal spices. A garden fountain and a well of living water, 
flowing with gentle murmurs from Libanus. 

16 Awake north wind, come also, south wind and blow 
gently through my garden, and let my aromatic spices flow. 
Let my dear brother come down to his garden; and taste the 
delicious fruits thereof. 

V. I have come to my garden, my sister spouse : I have ga- 
thered my myrrh with my spices : I have eaten my bread with 
my honey ; I have drunk my wine with my milk. Eat, 
friends ; drink — yes drink plentifully brethren. 

V. I SLEEP ; but my heart is awake. The voice of my 
dear brother ! he knocketh at the door ! " Open to me, my 
sister, my dove, my consecrated one ! for my head is filled 

3 with dew, and my locks with the drops of the night." I have 
put off my garment ; how can I put it on ? I have washed 

4 my feet ; how can I defile them ? My dear brother withdrew 
his hand from the hole in the door. Whereupon my bow- 

5 els yearned for him. I rose to open for my dear brother ; my 
hands dropped myrrh ; and my fingers myrrh plenteously 

G on the handles of the bar. I opened for my dear brother. 
He was gone ! my soul melted for the speech of him. I sought 
him but did not find him : I called him but he made me no 

7 answer. They who go the rounds in the city met me. They 
smote me — they wounded me. The keepers of the walls took 

8 my veil from me. I adjured you, daughters of Jerusalem 
by the powers and virtues of the field. If you found my dear 
brother — What should you tell him P Tell him that I am sick 
of love. 


9 " What is thy dear brother more than another brother, O 
fairest of women? What is thy dear brother more than ano- 
ther brother, that thou hast thus adjured us ? " 

11 My dear brother is white and ruddy, he is the chief est 
among tens of thousands. His head is gold of Kephas; his 

12 flowing locks black as a raven. His eyes are like doves by 

13 streams of water — milk white doves sitting by streams. His 
cheeks are like beds of spices emitting perfumes ; his lips are 

14 lillies distilling myrrh plenteously. His hands are of gold, finely 
turned, beset with chrysolites : his body, an ivory cabinet on 

15 a sapphire stone : his legs, pillars of marble fixed on pedestals 
of gold : his countenance like Libanus, majestic as the cedars : 

16 his mouth is sweetness itself. He is altogether lovely. Such is 
my dear brother, and such my love, daughters of Jerusalem. 

VI. "Where did thy dear brother go, O fairest of women? 

Whither did thy dear brother bend his course ; that we may 

seek him with thee ? " 
2 My dear brother went down to his garden to the beds of 
o spices ; to feed in the garden and to gather lillies. I am my dear 

brother's and he is mine ; he is feeding among the lillies ! 

4 Thou my consort, art beautiful as Terzah ; comely as Jeru- 

5 salem ; dazzling as embattled hosts ! Turn thine eyes aside 
from me for they have transported me. Thy hair is like a flock 

6 of goats which are seen on mount Galaad : thy teeth like 
flocks of shorn sheep, just come up from washing : all twins 
and there is not one defective among them : thy lips are like a 

7 braid of scarlet, and thy speech is graceful. Thy cheek is like 
the downy skin of a pomegranate now thy veil is removed. 

8 There are sixty queens and eighty concubines, and virgins 

9 without number : one is my dove, my consecrated one. One is 
her mother's only child — the darling of her who bore her. 
Daughters viewed her — nay queens and even concubines will 

10 hail her happy and thus extoll her. "Who is she that is look- 
ing out like the morning ; fair as the moon, distinguishable as 
the sun, and dazzling as embattled hosts." 

VI. 11 I WENT down to the garden of nuts to look at the 
productions of the valley : to seek whether the vine had bud- 


12 ded or the pomegranate blossomed : I am there to grant thee 
my breasts. My soul did not recollect this. It made me like 
the chariots of Aminadab. 

13 Eeturn, return, Sunamite ! return, return that we may 
see thee ! 

What would you see in the Sunamite, who is coming like 
the moving bands of an army ? 

VII. How beautiful were thy steps in thy sandals, daugh- 
ter of Nadab ? The infoldings of thy loins are like jewellery, the 

2 work of an artist : thy clasp is a well turned goblet, not desti- 
tute of mingled wine : thy body is like a heap of wheat enconi- 

3 passed about with lillies : thy two breasts are like two twin 

4 fawns of a roe ; thy neck is like a tower of ivory. Thine eyes 
like the pools at Esebon by the gates of the daughter of many : 
thy nose is like the tower of Lebanon which looketh towards 

5 Damascus : thy head is like Carmel and the tresses of thy head 
like Purpura. 

The king is detained in the antichamber ! 

6 How beautiful thou art ! and how sweet ! my love ! how 

7 delightful ! In respect to thy stateliness, thou hast been com- 
pared to the palm tree, and thy breasts to its clusters. I said, 

8 I will climb the palm tree — I will clasp its topmost boughs ; 
and thy breasts shall be now like the clusters of the vine ; and 
the smell of thy nose like citrons ; and the roof of thy mouth 
like choice wine — 

9 Which is poured out rightly for my dear brother properly 

10 adapted with my lips and my teeth. I am my dear brother's ; 

11 and towards me is his desire. Come, my dear brother, let us 

12 go out to the fields. Let us lodge in the villages : let us get up 
early to the vineyards : let us see whether the vine is budded : 
whether the young grape has made its appearance : whether the 
pomegranates are in blossom. There I will grant thee my 

13 breasts. The mandrakes have shed a fragrance : and in our 
hoards are all manner of delicious fruits, newly gathered as 
well as old. For thee, my dear brother I have kept them. 

VIII. that thou, my dear brother, hadst sucked the breasts of 
my mother ; meeting thee abroad I could kiss thee and not be 

2 despised ; I could take thee and conduct thee to my mother's 
house : and to the inmost apartment of her who conceived me, 
VOL. II. x x 


I could cause thee to driuk spiced wiue of the juice of my po- 

3 megranates ; his left haud might be under my head and his 
right embrace me. 

4 I have charged you, O daughters of Jerusalem, by the pow- 
ers and virtues of the field ; that you stir not up nor awake my 
love till she please. 

VII. 5 WHO is this coming up cloathed in white leaning on 
her beloved ? 

Under a citron tree I awaked thee. It was there thy mother 
bare thee. There she who brought thee forth suffered the pangs 
of childbirth. 

6 set me as a seal on thy heart — as a seal on thine arm : for 
love is strong as death ; jealousy inflexible as Hades : its wings 
are wings of fire its flames — 

7 Much water cannot quench love ; nor can floods drown it. 
Though a man give all his substance for love, he may be tho- 
roughly despised. 

8 Our sister is little and hath no breasts. What can we do 
for our sister on the day when she shall be demanded in mar- 

9 riage. If she be a wall we will build on her silver turrets, and if 
she be a door we will line her with boards of cedar. 

10 I am a wall and my breasts are turrets. I was in their view 

11 as one who had found favour. Solomon had a vineyard at Bee- 
lamon, he let this vineyard of his to tenants, a man is to give 

12 him a thousand pieces of silver for its fruit. My vineyard which 
is before me shall continue to be mine. Solomon shall have the 
thousand pieces of silver, and they who take care of its fruits, 
two hundred. 

13 Thou who art sitting in the gardens, companions are wait- 

14 ing thy voice. Let me hear it — 

15 Away, my dear brother, and be like a roe ; or a young hart 
on the mountains of spices. 


I. I. A vision which Esaias son of Amos saw, (ivhich he saw 
respecting Judea and Jerusalem) in the reign of Ozias, and Joa- 
tham and Achaz and Hezehias, tvho reigned over Judea. 

2 HEARKEN, heaven ! and hear earth ! what the Lord 
hath spoken. 

" I have begotten children and brought them up ; and 

3 they have rebelled against me. The ox knoweth his owner, 
and the ass his master's crib ; but Israel did not know me. 
And this people have not regarded me." 

4 Ah ! sinful nation — people full of sins ! vile race ! iniquitous 
children ! you have utterly forsaken the Lord ; and provoked to 

5 wrath the Holy One of Israel. What ! must you persisting in ini- 

6 quity be smitten still more ? The whole head is sick, and the 
whole heart faint : from the feet to the head, there is no soundness 
therein. Is it not, here a wound, there a bruise, there a putrefying 

7 sore ? there is no applying poultice, nor oil, nor bandages. Your 
land is a desert : your cities are burnt with fire. As for your coun- 
try, before your eyes strangers are devouring it ; and it is laid 

8 waste, being subdued by foreign tribes. Must the daughter 
of Sion be left as a shed in a vineyard : and as a lodge in a gar- 

9 den of cucumbers — as a city taken by siege ? Had not the Lord 
of Hosts left us a seed, we should have been as Sodom and 

10 made like Gomorra. Hear a word of the Lord, chiefs of 
Sodom ! Attend to the law of God, ye people of Gomorra ! 

" What is the multitude of your sacrifices to me ? saith the 

11 Lord : I am cloyed with whole burnt offerings of rams : in the 
fat of lambs and the blood of bulls and goats I have no delight ; 

12 nor should you come to appear before me: for who hath re- 
quired these at your hands ? You shall no more be admitted to 

13 tread my court. Though you bring fine flour; it is a vain in- 
cense — it is an abomination to me. Your new moons and 
sabbaths and great day I cannot endure : your fasting and cessa- 
tion from labour ; and your new moons and your festivals my 

14 soul hateth. You are become loathsome to me ; I will no longer 

15 remit your sins. W^hen you stretch forth your hands, I will 
turn mine eyes from you : and though you multiply prayer, 
I will not hearken to you : for your hands are full of blood. 

16 Wash and become clean: remove iniquities from your souls; 
in my presence, cease from your evil deeds ; learn to do good ; 


17 seek judgment ; deliver him who is injured ; administer jus- 
tice to the orphan, and plead the cause of the widow : then 

18 come — (let our controversy be brought to issue, saith the Lord) 
and though your sins be as a purple stain ; I will make you 
white as snow — though they be as a stain of scarlet ; I will make 

19 you white as wool. If you indeed be willing and will hearken 

20 to me, you shall eat the good things of the land : but if you re- 
fuse and hearken not to me, the sword shall devour you; for 
the mouth of the Lord hath spoken these words." 

21 How is the faithful city become a harlot ? Sion that was full 
of justice ! In it righteousness made its abode ; but now murder- 

22 ers. Your silver is not pure : thy vintners mix the wine with 

23 water. The chiefs are rebellious ; associates of thieves : they 
love gifts ; they seek rewards : to orphans they do not administer 

24 justice ; and to the cause of widows they do not attend. There- 
fore thus saith the sovereign Lord of hosts. 

" Alas for the rulers of Israel ! for my wrath against these 
adversaries shall not abate. On these enemies of mine I will 

25 execute judgment : and I will bring my hand over thee, and 
purify thee with fire. Them who are disobedient I will destroy ; 

26 and I will take away from thee all transgressors, and establish 
thy judges as at the first : and thy counsellors as at the begin- 
ning : and after these things thou shalt be called The city of 

27 Righteousness, the faithful metropolis, Sion. For in the exer- 

28 cise of judgment her captivity shall be saved : and in the exer- 
cise of mercy, the lawless and sinful shall be crushed together ; 
and they who have forsaken the Lord shall be utterly destroyed : 

29 for they shall be exposed to shame for the idols on which they 
doted ; as they have been for the gardens which they desired. 

30 For they shall be like an ilex, which hath shed its leaves ; and like 

31 a garden which hath no water : and their strength shall be like 
tow ; and their works like sparks of fire : and the lawless and sin- 
ful shall be burned up together ; and there shall be no extin- 

II. II. The word which came to Esaias, son of Amos concern- 
ing Jitdea and concerning Jerusalem. 
2 BECAUSE in the last days, the mount of the Lord will 
be conspicuous ; and the house of God will be on the top 


of mountains ; and exalted above the hills : therefore all the 

3 nations will come to it. Many nations indeed, will go saying, 

" Come, let us go up to the mount of the Lord ; and to 
the house of the God of Jacob. And he will teach us his way, 
and we will walk therein." 

For from Sion shall go forth a law ; and the word of the 

4 Lord from Jerusalem. And he will judge among the nations ; 
and work conviction in many a people : and they shall beat 
their swords into plough shares ; and their spears into prun- 
ing hooks : and nation shall not lift up a sword against nation ; 
nor shall they learn war any more. 

5 Now therefore, O house of Jacob ; come, let us walk in 
the light of the Lord. For he hath forgiven his people, the 

house of Israel. 

(J) " Because their land was rilled as at first with divina- 
tions ; like that of the Philistines and many strange children 

7 were born to them— for their country was filled with silver 
and gold, and there was no counting their treasures ; and their 
land was filled with horses, and there was no end to their cha- 

8 riots ; and the land was filled with abominations, the work- 
manship of their own hands ; and they worshipped the things 

9 which their fingers had made, and the commoner bowed down 
and the noble humbled himself; therefore I will not forgive 

10 "Now therefore go into the rocks and hide yourselves in 
the earth, from the tremendous presence of the Lord ; and from 
the glory of his majesty, when he shall arise, to crush the land." 

11 "For the eyes of the Lord are lofty ; but man is low; and 
the loftiness of these men shall be humbled ; and the Lord 

12 alone shall be exalted in that day. For the day of the Lord of 
hosts is against every scorner and haughty man ; and against 

13 every one high and lofty, and they shall be humbled : even 
against every of those high towering cedars of Lebanon ; and 

1 4 against every oak of Basan ; and against every lofty mountain ; 

15 and against every hill that is high ; and against every stately 

16 tower ; and against every high raised wall ; and against every 
ship of the sea ; and against every ensign of beauteous ships : 

(J) Jehovah. 


17 and every man shall be humbled ; and the haughtiness of 
these men shall fall ; and the Lord alone shall be exalted in 

18 that day. Then will they hide all these handiworks, carrying 

19 them into caverns and clefts of the rocks, and into the caves 
of the earth, from the tremendous presence of the Lord, and 
from the glory of his majesty, when he shall arise to crush 

20 the lands. For on that day men will cast to the bats their abo- 
minations both of silver and gold, which they made to worship 

21 vanities ; that they may go into holes of the flinty rock— nay 
into the very clefts of the rock, from the tremendous pre- 
sence of the Lord, and from the glory of his majesty, when 
he shall arise to crush the land. 

III. Behold now the Sovereign Lord of hosts will remove, 
from Jerusalem and from Judea, all stay and support of every 

2 kind — the stay of bread and the stay of water ; the giant and 
mighty man and warrior ; judge and prophet ; instructor and 

3 elder ; the captain of fifty, and honourable counsellor ; the 

4 skilful architect and intelligent scholar : and I will make boys 

5 their princes ; and scorners shall rule over them. And upon 
one another the people will fall foul, and justle every man 
against his neighbour — the boy against the elder and the base 
against the honourable. 

6 Because a man will take hold of his brother, or the head 
of the house of his father, saying, Thou hast clothing be thou 
our leader, and let me be supplied with food under thee." 

7 " Therefore on that day he will answer and say, I will not be 
thy leader, for in my house there is neither bread nor raiment, 
I will not be the leader of this people." 

8 Because Jerusalem is forsaken and Judea is fallen there- 
fore their tongues concur with their transgression. They dis- 
believe the things relating to the Lord. Because their glory is 

9 now humbled ; and the shame of their countenance is risen up 
against them : their sin therefore, like the Sodomites, they 
proclaimed and openly avowed. Alas for their souls ! because 
they have counselled an evil counsel against themselves, say- 

10 ing, " Let us bind the just one, for he is disagreeable to us ; " 

11 let them therefore eat the fruits of their deeds. Alas for the 
wicked ! according to the works of his hands evils shall befal 


12 hira. my people ! your task masters glean you ; and exactors 
tyrannize over you. O my people ! They who call you happy lead 

13 you astray; and disturb the path of your feet. But the Lord will now 

14 arise to plead his cause ; and he will arraign his people. The Lord 
will himself come to a trial with the elders of the people and 
with their chiefs : " Why have you burned up my vineyard ? 

15 And why is the plunder of the poor in your houses ? Why do 
you injure my people ; and cover with shame the face of the 

16 Thus saith the Lord, Because the daughters of Sion are 
haughty and have walked with outstretched neck and wanton 
eyes, trailing with them in their gait flowing robes, and mov- 

17 ing in set pace with their feet ; therefore God will humble the 
princely daughters of Sion and the Lord will expose their form 

18 to view. On that day the Lord will take away the finery of their 

19 attire, the cauls and the curls and the crescents, the solitaire 
and the ornament of the brow, and the gorgeous wreathed tiar, 
and the necklaces and the bracelets, and the zone and the 
rings for the fingers, and the ornaments for the right arms, 
and the ear-rings and the robes with purple borders, and those 
the middle of which is purple, and the dresses worn at home, 
and the Laconian gauzes and cotton robes, and those of purple 
and scarlet and cotton, embroidered with gold and purple ; and 

24 the summer sophas : and instead of perfumes there shall be 
ashes ; and instead of a girdle thou shalt be girded with rushes ; 
and instead of a golden head-dress thou shalt have baldness, 
on the account of thy doings ; and instead of the purple robe 

25 thou shalt gird on sackcloth. And thy son the most beautiful 
whom thou lovest shall fall by the sword ; and your mighty 

26 men shall fall by the sword and be laid low; and your ward- 
robes shall mourn ; and thou shalt be left solitary and shalt sit 

IV. on the ground; and seven women shall lay hold on one 
man, saying, " We will eat our own bread and wear our own 
raiment, let us only be called by thy name: take thou away 
our reproach. " 

2 "But in that day God will with glorious counsel shine on 

3 the land, to exalt and dignify the remnant of Israel. And it 
shall come to pass that what is left in Sion, and what is left in 
Jerusalem shall be called Holy. Namely all who are enrolled 


4 for life in Jerusalem. Because the Lord will wash away the 
filth of the sons and the daughters of Sion, and cleanse the 
blood entirely from among them ; by a spirit of judgment and 

5 a spirit of burning ; therefore when he shall come, every part 
of Sion and all around it shall be overshadowed by day with 
a cloud as of smoke, and by night with that of the light of 

6 blazing fire ; and with all this glory it shall be covered ; and 
this will be a shade from heat, and it shall be in a shelter and 
covert from storm and rain." 

Y. III. Let me sing for the Beloved, a song of my Beloved to Ids 

THE beloved had a vineyard on a mountain in a rich soil, 

2 " and I hedged it around and trenched it ; and planted it with 
the vine of Sorek; and in the midst of it built a tower, and 
hewed out therein a wine lake ; and waited for its producing 
grapes, and it produced poisonous berries. 

3 "Now therefore, inhabitants of Jerusalem and men of 

4 Juda, judge between me and my vineyard. What more could 
I do for my vineyard that I have not done for it ? Because I 
expected that it would produce grapes, and it hath produced 

5 poisonous berries; now therefore I will tell you, what I pur- 
pose to do with my vineyard ; I take away the hedge there- 
of, and it shall be exposed to plunder ; and I will demolish its 

6 wall, and it shall be for a common walk ; and I will abandon 
my vineyard that it may neither be pruned nor digged; and 
brambles shall overrun it as a waste ; and I will give a charge 

7 to the clouds not to shed rain upon it. For the vineyard of the 
Lord of Hosts is the house of Israel ; and the men of Juda his 
beloved plant. I waited for their executing justice, but they 
committed injustice, and promoted not righteousness, but an 

8 Woe unto them who join house to house, and who are 
bringing field nearer to field, that they may take something 

9 from their neighbour. Are you alone to dwell in the land ? For 
these things have come to the ears of the Lord of Hosts. For 
though there be many houses they shall be for desolation — 
though great and fair, there shall be no inhabitants therein. 

10 For the ground worked by ten yoke of oxen will not yield a 
bath of wine ; and he who soweth six measures shall not raise 


11 Woe to them, who rise early to follow strong drink, and 
continue at it till late at night ; for the wine will inflame them. 

12 For with kithara and psaltery, tabors and pipes, they drink 
wine ; but they regard not the works of the Lord, nor consider 

13 the operations of his hands. Therefore my people are become 
captives, because they did not know the Lord ; and multitudes 

14 have died of famine and thirst ; and Hades hath enlarged its 
appetite, and opened its mouth, that there may be no want of 
room ; and down shall go the honourable and the great, and 

15 the rich and the pestilent men of the land. The commoner shall 
be humbled ; and the noble dishonoured ; and the lofty eyes 

1(3 shall be brought down ; and the Lord of Hosts shall be exalted 
in judgment ; and God, the Holy One, shall be glorified by righ- 

17 teousness ; and they who have been plundered shall be fed like 
bulls, and lambs shall graze the waste places of them who have 
been removed. 

18 Woe unto them who draw out sins as for a long cable : and 

19 iniquities as for an ox chain : who say, " Let what he is to do 
approach speedily that we may see ; and let the counsel of the 
Holy One of Israel come that we may know it." 

20 Woe to them who call evil good; and good evil — who put 
darkness for light, and light for darkness ; who put bitter for 
sweet ; and sweet for bitter. 

21 Woe to them who are wise in their own conceit, and in 
their own eyes prudent. 

22 Woe to your mighty men who drink wine ; and to your prin- 

23 ces who mingle strong drink : who justify the wicked for re- 

24 wards; and deprive the just of his right. For this cause, as 
stubble will be set on fire by a coal, and consumed by a ne- 
glected flame ; their root shall be like touch wood, and their 
blossom shall ascend like dust : for they desired not the law of 
the Lord of Hosts : but provoked to wrath the manifestion of 

25 the Holy One of Israel. Wherefore the Lord of Hosts was in- 
censed against his people, and he stretched out his hand against 
them and smote them : and the mountains were convulsed, and 
their carcasses were as dung in the high way : and for all this 
his anger was not turned away ; but still his hand is high. 

26 Therefore he will erect a standard among the nations far off, 
and summon them from the extremity of the earth ; and be- 

VOL. II. Y y 


27 hold ! with speed they are coming swiftly. They will not hun- 
ger, nor will they be weary : they will not slumber, nor lie 
down to sleep ; nor shall their girdles be loosed from their 

28 loins, nor the latchets of their sandals broken. Their arrows 
are sharp ; and their bows are bent : the hoofs of their horses 
have been accounted as flint, and the wheels of their chariots 

29 are like a whirlwind. They growl like lions, and are at hand 
like young lions. He will seize and roar like a wild beast and 
drive out the people, and there shall be none to deliver them. 

30 On that day he will roar against them like the roaring of the 
billowy sea ; and they will look upwards to the heaven and down 
on the earth ; and lo ! distressful darkness in their tribulation. 

A solemn Vision. 
VI. IV. IN the year in which Ozias the king died I saw the 
Lord seated on a high and lofty throne ; and the house was filled 

2 with his glory. And seraphs stood around him, each having six 
wings ; and with two they covered the face, and with two they 

3 covered the feet, and two they used in flying. And they cried 
one to another and said, 

" Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of Hosts ; the whole earth is 
filled with his glory." 

4 And the lintel of the door was shaken with the sound of their 

5 cry, and the house was filled with smoke. Whereupon I said, 
Ah ! woe is me ! (for I was confounded) for being a man, and 
having unclean lips ; and dwelling among a people of unclean 

6 lips, I have seen with mine eyes the king the Lord of Hosts. 
Then one of the seraphs was sent to me and he had in his hand 

7 a live coal which he had taken from the altar with the tongs. 
And having touched my lips he said, Behold this hath touch- 

8 ed thy lips, and it will take away thine iniquities and purge away 
thy sins. Then I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom 

9 shall I send ? And who will go to this people ? And I said, Be- 
hold, here am I : send me. And he said, 

Go and say to this people ; hearing you shall hear, though 

you may not understand : and seeing you shall see, though you 

10 may not perceive : for the heart of this people is stupefied ; and 

their ears are dull of hearing ; and they have shut their eyes, 

that for a while they may not see with their eyes ; and hear with 


their ears ; and understand with their hearts ; and return that I 
may heal them. 

11 Whereupon I said, For how long ? Lord ! And he said, 
Until cities be wasted so as not to be habitable ; and houses, 

so that there be no men ; and the land be left utterly desolate : 

12 And after this God will remove the men far away. 

They indeed who are left in the land shall be multiplied ; 

13 for still about the tenth is in it ; and shall again be for a prey, 
and be like the ilex and like the oak when it hath fallen from its 

VII. V. IN the days of Achaz the son of Joatham, the son of 
Ozias king of Judah, Easin king of Aram and Phakee son of 
Eomelias king of Israel came up against Jerusalem to war 

2 against it, but could not lay close siege to it. When the house 
of David was informed that Aram had confederated with 
Ephraim, the heart of the king and the heart of his people was 

3 moved, as a tree in the forest is shaken by the wind. Whereup- 
on the Lord said to Esaias, Go out and meet Achaz, thou and 

4 FoTsahen-jasttb thy son, at the pool on the upper road to the 
fuller's field, and thou shalt say to him, 

Take heed and be quiet ; be not terrified, nor let thy soul 
be dismayed on the account of these two smoaking firebrands : 
for when my fierce wrath is come I will again heal. 

5 And as for the son of Aram and the son of Eomelias ; be- 

6 cause they have taken evil counsel, saying, Let us go up to 
Judea and confer with the people and bring them into our 

7 measures ; and let us make the son of Tabeel king over it, thus 
saith the Lord of hosts. This counsel shall not stand ; nor shall 

8 it take effect. But the head of Aram shall be Damascus, and the 
head of Damascus, Easin — but further, in three score and five 
years, the kingdom of Ephraim shall cease from being a people, 

9 though Somoron is the head of Ephraim, and the son of Eome- 
lias, the head of Somoron, yes though you may not believe 
nor understand. 

10 Moreover the Lord proceeded to speak to Achaz saying, 

11 "Ask thee a sign from the Lord thy God in the depth or in 

12 the height. " And Achaz said, " I will not ask, nor will I try 

13 the Lord." Thereupon he said, Hear now, house of David, 


Is it a small matter for you to contend with men ? How is it 
then that you contend with the Lord ? Therefore the Lord him- 
self will give you a sign. 

14 Behold the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and he 
shall be called Emmanuel. 

15 Both this child,* before it hath known to chuse good in pre- 

16 ference to evil, eat butter and honey, because previous to its 
knowing good or evil it disobeyeth evil to make choice of 
good ? The land indeed which thou fearest on account of these 

17 two kings shall be relinquished ; but God will bring upon thee 
and upon thy people and upon the house of thy father days 
which have not yet come. From the day he hath taken Ephra- 

18 im from Juda [he will bring] the king of the Assyrians. It 
shall come to pass that at that time the Lord will utter a call 
to the flies — to that part of them which rule over the river of 
Egypt ; and to the bee which is in the country of the Assyri- 

19 ans ; and they shall all come into the vallies of this country ; and 
into the holes of the rocks ; and into the caves and into every 

20 cleft. On that day the Lord will shave with that razor — with 
that which was hired on the bank of the river — with that of the 
king of the Assyrians, the head and the hair of the feet : and 

21 take off the beard. And it shall come to pass in that day, that a 

22 man will keep a young cow and two sheep ; and by reason of 
the abundance he will drink milk — butter and honey will be 

23 eaten by every one left in the land. And it shall come to pass 
in that day every where, though there may be a thousand vine- 
yards, each valued at a thousand shekels income : they shall be 

24 for briars and thorns. With bows and arrows men will resort 
thither. Because the whole country shall be a waste of briars 

25 and thorns, therefore every mountain which hath been plough- 
ed will be ploughed, wherever terror could not come ; for by 
reason of the country's being a waste of briars and thorns, it 
shall be a pasture for sheep and a range for the ox. 

VIII. Again the Lord said to me, Take thee a strip of a large 
new roll and write thereon with a man's pen " Speed cjidckly to 

2 the plunder of the spoil," for it is at hand. And let faithful men, 
Ourias and Zacharias son of Barachias be witnesses for me. 

3 Now I had approached to the prophetess and she had con- 

* Pointing to his son Jasub. 


ceived and when she brought forth a son, the Lord said to me, 

4 Call his name ''Speed to the spoil — haste to the prey" for be- 
fore this child shall know to pronounce father or mother, the 
van of the king of Assyria will take the army of Damascus and 
the spoils of Samaria. 

5 Again the Lord spoke yet further to me saying, Because 

6 this people reject the water of Siloam which floweth gently and 
chuse to have Kasin and the son of Komelias to rule over them ; 

7 therefore behold the Lord will bring upon you the water of the 
river which is strong and abundant— even the king of Assyria 
and his glory ; and he will rise over all your channels, and over- 

8 flow all your banks ; and sweep away from Judea every man 
who can raise his head, or is capable of executing any thing. 
And the circuit of his camp shall be such as to fill the breadth 

9 of thy country, Emmanuel. Know this, nations, and be 
struck with consternation. Hearken ye who are in the remot- 
est parts of the earth ; be struck with consternation ye who have 
made yourselves strong ; for though you should again become 

10 strong ; with consternation you shall again be stricken, and what 
counsel soever you may take, the Lord will defeat it ; and what 
word soever you may speak shall not take effect among you ; 

11 because God is with us : 

Thus saith the Lord with the strong hand, to them who 
refuse to walk in the way of this people saying, Perhaps they 

12 may order what is hard — (for whatever this people order is 

Be not ye terrified with the fear of them, nor dismayed ; hal- 

13 low the Lord himself, and let him be thy fear : for if thou hast put 

14 trust in him he will be to thee a sanctuary, and you shall not run 
against a stumbling stone, nor as under a falling rock. But as 
for the houses of Jacob, they are in a trap, and the inhabitants 

15 of Jerusalem are in a pit : for this cause many among them shall 
be weak and fall and be trodden down and men will safely ap- 

16 proach and take them. Then shall they be manifest who seal 

17 up the law that it may not be learned. Then will one say, " I 
will wait for God, who hath turned away his face from the 
house of Jacob ; and I will trust in him. Here am I and the 
children whom God hath given me." 

18 Now when there shall be signs and wonders in the house 
of Israel from the Lord of hosts, who dwelleth on Mount 


19 Sion ; if they should say to you, " Apply to the belly speakers, 
and to them who cause a voice to proceed from the ground." 
Those vain babblers who speak from the belly : should not 
a nation apply to their God ? Why consult they the dead con- 

20 cerning the living ? For he hath given a law for assistance ; 
that they may not speak like such an oracle as this, which is 

21 not worth the giving of gifts for it. Upon you indeed there 
shall come a grievous famine ; and it shall come to pass that 
when you are hungry, you will fret and curse the ruler and 

22 the customs of your country. And they will look up to the 
heaven above, then down on the earth beneath, and lo distress 
and darkness ! tribulation and anguish and a gloom so as not 

IX. to see ! But he who is in distress for a season shall not 
be abandoned to despair. Drink this first ; do it quickly. With 
regard to the region of Zabulon, the land of Nephthaleim and 
the rest who inhabit the sea shore, and the banks of the Jor- 

2 dan, Galilee of the nations ; ye people who walk in darkness, 
behold ! a great light ! and ye who dwell in a region, the 
shade of death, on you a light shall shine. 

3 With regard to the bulk of the people, whom thou hast 
brought back in thy joy, they shall rejoice in thy presence, 
like them who rejoice in the harvest, and like them who are di- 

4 viding spoils ; because the yoke which lay upon them, is taken 

5 away, and the rod which was over their neck. For he hath 
broken the rod of the exactor, as in the day of Madiam : for, 
with a renewal of friendship, they shall make compensation 
for every robe collected by deceit, and for every garment ; 
and shall be willing to do so, if they were burned with fire : 

6 because for us a child is born, and to us a son is given, whose 
government is on his own shoulder ; and his name is called, 
" The Messenger of Great Counsel." For I will bring peace 

7 on the rulers and health for him. His government shall be 
great and to his peace there is no boundary, on the throne 
of David and over his kingdom, to re-establish it, and support 
it with judgment and justice, henceforth and forever. The zeal 
of the Lord of hosts will do this. 

YI. 8 THE LOED hath sent death against Jacob ; and it hath 

9 come upon Israel. And all the people of Ephraim shall know 

it, and all the inhabitants of Samaria, who with haughtiness 


10 and a lofty heart say, " The bricks are fallen ; but come, let 
us hew stones and let us cut down sycamines and cedars and 
build for ourselves a tower." 

11 Though God will dash down them, who rise up against 

12 him on mount Sion ; and disperse his enemies — Syria in the 
east, and the Greeks in the west, who are devouring Israel 
with open mouth ; for all this his anger is not turned away, but 
still his hand is lifted high. 

13 The people did not turn till they were smitten ; as they 

14 indeed did not seek the Lord ; therefore the Lord cut off from 

15 Israel, head and tail, great and little in one day — the aged and 
the honourable, this was the head ; and the prophet who teach- 

16 eth falsehood, he is the tail. Still there will be deceivers, who 
will call this people happy, and lead them astray, that they may 

17 devour them; therefore the Lord will have no pleasure in 
their young men ; and on their orphans and their widows he 
will have no compassion ; because they are all wicked and 
regardless of law, and every mouth speaketh perversely. For 
all this his wrath is not turned away but still his hand is lift- 
ed high. — 

18 Still iniquity will burn like a fire, and like dry stubble it 
shall be consumed by fire. It shall burn in the thickets of the 

19 forest, and consume all on the hills around. By reason of the 
fierce anger of the Lord the whole country is in a flame ; and 
the people shall be as fuel for the fire. A man will have no 

20 pity for his brother, but will turn to the right because he is 
hungry, and devour on the left, but shall not be satisfied. Man 
is devouring the flesh of his brother's arm; for Manasses is 
devouring Ephraim, and Ephraim, Manasses ; for they will 
both together besiege Juda. 

For all this his anger is not turned away ; but still his hand 
is lifted high. 
X. Woe to them who write wickedness ! For writers are 

2 writing wickedness ; turning aside the cause of the distressed ; 
robbing the poor of my people, of their right ; that the widow 

3 may be their prey and the orphan, their spoil : what then shall 
they do in the day of visitation? For tribulation shall come 
upon you from afar ; and to whom can you flee for succour ? 


4 And where will you leave your glory, that you may not fall into 
the captive band ? 

For all this his anger is not turned away, but still his hand 
is lifted high. 

5 Ho ! Assyrians ! 

6 The rod of my wrath, even mine anger is in their hands, I 
will send this anger of mine to a lawless nation ; and I will order 
this people of mine to gather spoil and take the prey, and to 

7 trample down cities and lay them in the dust. But he did not 
harbour such thoughts ; nor did he reason thus in his mind ; 
but his mind will prompt him to destroy nations not a few. 

8 Even though they should say to him, Thou alone art chief. 

9 He indeed will say, 

" Have I not taken the whole country above Babylon and 
Chalene, where the tower had been builded ? Nay have I not 

10 taken Arabia and Damascus and Samaria ? In the same man- 
ner as I have taken these ; so will I take all the governments. 

11 Howl ye graven images in Jerusalem and in Samaria; for as I 
have done to Samaria and her images, so will I do to Jerusa- 
lem and her idols." 

12 But it shall come to pass, when the Lord hath accom- 
plished his whole work on mount Sion and Jerusalem ; that I 
will cast a look on the stout heart — on the chief ruler of the 
Assyrians, and on the loftiness of the glory of his eyes. 

13 For he said, " With this power I will perform exploits ; 
and by the wisdom of mine understanding I will remove the 

14 boundaries of nations, and make a prey of their strength, and 
shake inhabited cities, and seize with my hand the whole 
world as a nest ; and carry off the inhabitants like deserted eggs. 
There is none who can escape me or chirp against me." 

15 Shall an axe boast without him who cutteth with it ; or a 
saw lift itself up, without him who draweth it ; as one could 
lift up a staff or a piece of wood ? No ; this shall not be per- 

16 mitted : indeed the Lord of hosts will send disgrace on thy 

17 honour, and on thy glory a burning fire shall be kindled : and 
the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and shall hallow him with 
a burning fire, and consume his substance like dry grass. — 

18 On that day there shall be an extinction of the mountains, 
and the hills, and the forests ; and it shall consume from the 


soul even to the flesh : and he who fleeth shall be like one flee- 

19 ing from blazing fire. And those of them who are left shall be 

20 few in number, so that a child may write them down. And it 
shall come to pass in that day that the remnant of Israel shall 
no more join, nor shall those of Jacob who have escaped, any 
more lean on them who have injured them ; but they will place 

21 their confidence in God the Holy One of Israel, in truth. This 

22 remnant of Jacob shall indeed be for the Mighty God. Yes : 
though the people of Israel be as the sand of the sea, this rem- 
nant of them shall be saved. He is closing an account and rnak- 

23 ing a deduction with saving goodness. Because with the whole 
land the Lord will make a reckoning from which a deduction 

24 hath been made, therefore thus saith the Lord of Hosts, 

" O my people who dwell in Sion, be not daunted at the 
Assyrian, because he will smite thee with a rod ; for I am 
bringing this stroke upon thee that thou mayst see the way of 

25 Egypt. For yet a little while and mine indignation shall cease ; 

26 and my wrath will be against their counsel ; and God will raise 
against them a scourge similar to that of Madiam at the place 
of affliction. 

When his wrath shall be in the western road— in the high 

27 way leading to Egypt ; it shall come to pass in that day, that 
his yoke shall be taken from thy shoulder, and the terror of him 
from thee — his yoke shall be utterly destroyed from off thy 

28 shoulders. For he will come to the city Aggai, and pass on to 

29 Mageddo ; and at Machmas he will deposit his baggage : then 
he will pass the valley and come to Aggai. Terror will seize 

30 Rama the city of Saul ; the daughter of Galleim will flee : he 
will be heard of at Laisa — he will be heard of at Anathoth. 

31 When Madebena hath fainted ; then, inhabitants of Gibbeir, 

32 comfort with the news of his halting a day on his march — 

33 with the hand comfort the mount, the daughter of Sion. And 
as for you, hills, which are in Jerusalem, behold the sove- 
reign Lord of hosts, with majesty confoundeth the glorious. 
They who are elated with arrogance shall be crushed ; and the 
lofty shall be brought low ; yes, the lofty shall fall by the sword ; 
and Libanus shall fall with the lofty. 

XL And there shall spring up a shoot from the root of Jessai — 
2 even from that root shall spring up a blooming shoot ; and the 
vol. ti. z z 


spirit of God will rest upon him — a spirit of wisdom and un- 
derstanding ; a spirit of counsel and majesty ; a spirit of know- 

3 ledge and piety — by this spirit he will be filled with the fear 
of God. He will not judge according to opinion, nor will he 

4 reprove according to report ; but he will administer justice to 
the lowly, and work conviction in the meek of the earth. And 
he will smite the earth with the word of his mouth, and with 

[ 5 a breath from his lips destroy the wicked. His loins will be 
girded with saving goodness, and his reins clothed with truth. 

6 And a wolf shall pasture with a lamb ; and a leopard shall lie 
down with a kid ; and the calf, and bull and lion shall pasture 

7 together, and a little child shall tend them. The cow and bear 
shall feed together ; and together their young shall herd ; and 

8 the lion shall eat chaff like an ox. And the sucking child shall 
lay its hand on the holes of asps and on the bed of young asps. 

9 And they shall not hurt nor have power to destroy any one on 
the mountain which is my sanctuary. Because the whole earth 
is filled with the knowledge of the Lord as abundant water 

10 covereth depths of seas ; therefore there shall be in that day, 
the root of Jesse, even he who riseth up to rule nations : in him 
nations will put their trust, and his resting place shall be glo- 

11 rious. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord will 
proceed to shew his hand to provoke to jealousy the remnant 
of his people — that residue which is left from the Assyrians, 
and from Egypt and from Babylonia, and from Ethiopia and 

12 the Elamites, and from the risings of the sun and Arabia. And 
he will erect a standard for the nations, and gather together the 
outcasts of Israel, and assemble the dispersed of Juda from the 

13 four quarters of the earth. And the envy of Ephraim shall be 
taken away ; and the enemies of Juda shall be destroyed : 
Ephraim shall not envy Juda ; nor shall Juda vex Ephraim : 

14 And they shall be wafted in the ships of foreign tribes; and 
they shall spoil both the sea and them of the east and Idumea ; 
and upon Moab they shall first lay their hands ; but the sons of 

15 Ammon shall first obey. And the Lord will dry up the sea of 
Egypt, and lay his hand on the river with a vehement wind ; 
and smite the seven channels, so that they may be crossed dry- 

16 shod. And there shall be a passage for my people left in Egypt. 
It shall be for Israel as on the day when they came up out of 
the land of Egypt. 


XII. And on that day thou wilt say, I bless thee, Lord ; 
because, though thou wast angry with me, thou hast turned 

2 away thy wrath and pitied me. Behold ! my God is my Saviour, 
I will trust in him and not be afraid. Because the Lord is my 
glory and my praise ; and hath become unto me salvation ; 
therefore draw ye water with gladness from the wells of thanks- 

3 Thou shalt say also on that day, praise the Lord : invoke 

4 his name aloud ! proclaim among the nations his glorious acts : 
call them up to your remembrance. Because his name is ex- 

5 alted ; praise ye the name of the Lord. Because he hath done 
stupendous acts ; proclaim them throughout the whole earth. 

6 Shout for joy and be glad, inhabitants of Sion, for in the 
midst of it is exalted the Holy One of Israel. 

XIII. VII. A vision which Esaias son of Amos saw respecting 


2 (J) ON a mount in the plain, erect a standard ; raise the voice 

3 to them ; beckon with the hand. Open princes ! it is I who 
command. It is I, who am leading these on. Giants are coming 
to execute my wrath, rejoicing and at the same time arrogant. 

4 (p) A sound of many nations on the mountains ! A tu- 
multuous sound of many nations. A sound of kings and na- 
tions gathered together ! the Lord of hosts hath issued or- 

5 ders to a nation trained for battle. They are come from a far 
distant country — from the extreme butment of heaven — the 
Lord and his trained warriors, to destroy all that inhabited 

6 Kaise the mournful cry ! for the day of the Lord is at hand, 

7 and destruction from God will come : therefore every hand 
shall be enfeebled ; and every man's heart shall be dismayed. 

8 The men in power shall be confounded ; and pangs shall seize 
them, like those of a woman in travail. And they shall be- 
wail their calamities, one to another, and be amazed ; and their 

9 countenances will quiver like a flame. For behold the remedi- 
less day of the Lord is coming — a day of wrath and indigna- 

(J) Jehovah, (p) the prophet. 


tion, to make the empire a desolation ; and to destroy the sin- 

10 ners out of it. For the stars of heaven — even Orion and the 
whole host of heaven, shall not give light ; even that of the 
rising sun shall be darkened; and the moon shall not give 
her light. 

11 (J) I will indeed order evils for the whole empire, and on 
the wicked their transgressions; and destroy the arrogance of 

12 the wicked ; and humble the haughtiness of the proud ; so 
that those left shall be more precious than tried gold and a man 

13 more precious than the ore of Souphir. For the heaven shall be 
filled with wrath ; and the earth shaken from its foundations ; at 

14 the fierce anger of the Lord of Hosts, on the day when his wrath 
shall come : and those left shall be like a chased roe and wander- 
ing sheep ; and there shall be none to collect them together ; so 
that they may return every man to his place, when every one 

15 shall be seeking his own country. For whoever is evertaken 
shall be thrust through and those collected in a body shall fall by 

16 the sword. And their infants shall be dashed to pieces before 
their eyes ; and their houses shall be plundered and their wives 

17 ravished. Behold I am raising up against you the Medes, who 

18 disregard silver and have no need of gold. They shall break the 
bows of the young men, and on your infants they will have no 

19 compassion ; nor will their eyes spare thee for thy children. And 
Babylon, which is stiled Glorious, by the king of the Chal- 
deans, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorra. 

20 It shall not be inhabited for a great length of time, nor shall it 
be entered for many generations. The Arabians shall not pass 

21 through it ; nor shall shepherds make their folds therein. But 
wild beasts shall there go to rest ; and the houses shall be fill- 
ed with howling. There jackals shall make their abode ; and 

22 there demons shall hold their revels. And onocentaurs shall 
inhabit there ; and porcupines shall breed in the houses. 

XIV. (p) He is coming quickly and will not tarry, but the 
Lord will have mercy on Jacob, and will still make choice of 
Israel ; and they shall rest in their own land ; and the stranger 
shall be joined to them, and shall be added to the house of Ja- 
2 cob. The nations shall take them and bring them to their place ; 
and the house of Jacob shall possess them ; when they shall be 
multiplied in their land, for men servants and for maid servants : 


and they who captivated them shall be captives ; and they who 

3 domineered over them shall be brought into subjection. And 
it shall come to pass in that day when the Lord shall give thee 
rest from thy sorrow and thy grief— from that hard servitude 

4 of thine, with which thou hast served them, that thou wilt take 
up this funeral song over the king of Babylon : 

(c) " How the extortioner is laid to rest ! and a stop put to 

5 his demands ! The Lord hath broken the yoke of the sinners — 

6 the yoke of the rulers. He smote a nation in wrath with an in- 
curable wound ; he smote a nation with a vengeful wound 

7 which did not spare. The confidant is gone to rest ; the whole 

8 earth shouteth for joy ; and the trees of Lebanon rejoice over 
thee — and the cedars of Lebanon say, 

" Since thou hast gone to rest, no feller is come up against 

9 us." Hades from beneath was in uproar to meet thee ; for thee 
were roused all the giants who had ruled the earth. Having 
roused from their thrones all the kings of nations, they will all 
accost thee saying, 

10 " And art thou caught as we have been ? And among us 
art thou enrolled ? Is thy pomp come down to Hades — all thy 

11 great festivity?" Beneath thee they will strew corruption for a 

12 bed ; and worms shall be thy covering. How is Lucifer fallen 
from heaven ! He who was harbinger of the morning — he who 
sent messages to all the nations, is trampled down into the earth. 

13 Thou indeed didst say in thy heart, I will ascend up into hea- 
ven ; above the stars of heaven I will place my throne ; I will 
seat myself on a lofty mountain — on the lofty mountains which 

14 face the north. I will ascend above the clouds ; I will be like 

15 the Most High. But thou must now go down to the mansion 

16 of the dead — even down to the foundations of the earth. They 
who see thee will express their amazement at thee and say, Is 

17 this the man who troubled the earth? who shook kings? who 
made the world a desert ? who, when he destroyed cities, never 

18 dismissed his captives ? All the kings of the nations have been 
composed to rest with honour, every man in his own house. 

19 But thou shalt be cast out on the mountains, like an abomi- 

(c) the chorus. 


nable corse, with dying crouds, pierced with the sword, de- 
scending down to the mansion of the dead. 

20 As a mantle stained with blood cannot be clean; for 
the same cause neither canst thou be clean. Because thou hast 
destroyed this land of mine, and hast slain this my people ; thou 

21 shalt not be of long continuance. Wicked seed, prepare thy 
sons for slaughter, for the sins of their fathers ; that they may 

22 not rise and possess the land, and fill the world with wars. I 
will indeed rise up against them, saith the Lord of hosts, and 

23 destroy their name and remnant and seed. Thus saith the Lord, 
I will lay Babylonia waste : that porcupines may inhabit it ; and 
it shall be a desolation. And I will plunge it in the miry gulf 

24 of destruction. Thus saith the Lord of hosts, as I have spoken 
so it shall be ; and as I have determined, so it shall stand. I 

25 will destroy the Assyrians on this land of mine ; and on these 
mountains of mine they shall be trodden down ; and their yoke 
shall be removed from my people ; and their reproach shall be 
taken from their shoulders. 

26 (p) This is the counsel which the Lord hath taken against 
the whole empire, and this is the hand which is lifted high 

27 against all the nations. For who can disannul what the holy God 
hath decreed ? and his hand which is lifted high, who can turn 
aside ? 

VIII. In the year in which king Achaz died, this Oracle was de- 

29 BEJOICE not, foreign tribes, with one consent, because the 
yoke of him who smote you is broken ; for from the seed of a 
serpent will come forth young asps, and their offspring will be 

30 flying serpents. For the needy will be fed by him ; and in peace 
the needy will repose. But with famine he will destroy thy 

31 see d— even the remnant of thy seed he will destroy. Baise the 
mournful cry ye gates of cities ; foreign tribes ! let harassed 
cities scream with one consent : for a smoke is coming from the 
north, which cannot be endured ; what then will the kings of 
nations say in reply ? 

32 "That the Lord hath founded Sion, and by him the poor 
of his people shall be saved." 


XV. IX. The Oracle against Moab. 

IN the night Moab is destroyed ; for by night is destroyed 

2 the bulwark of Moab. Be in bitterness for yourselves ; for Debon 
also is destroyed. Where your altar is, thither you will go up 
to weep for Nabau of Moab, Kaise the mournful cry. On every 
head be baldness ; let all your arms be gashed with wounds. 

3 In the streets thereof, gird on sackcloth, and on its house tops 
make lamentation ; and in the streets thereof and in its lanes, 

4 raise ye all the mournful cry with weeping ; because Esebon 
and Eleale have screamed — even to Jassa their voice hath been 
heard ; therefore the lungs of Moab utter lowings ; her soul will 

5 be afflicted. The heart of Moab within her uttereth lowings, 
which reach Segor : for she is a three headed heifer. At the as- 
cent of Louith weepers will come up to thee ; by the way of 

6 Aroniim destruction and dismay are roaring. The water of 
Xemereim will be dried up ; and its grass will fail ; there will be 

7 no green grass. But even thus it shall not be saved ; for I will 

8 bring the Arabs against that valley ; and they shall take it. For 
the cry of war touched the border of Moab at Agaleim, and 

9 the scream thereof reacheth even to the well of Aileim. As for 
the water of Deimon, it shall be full of blood ; for I will bring 
the Arabians against Deimon, and carry off the seed of Moab 

XVI. and Ariel ; and the remnant of Adama I will send away 
as reptiles on the earth. Is Petra a desert ? There is the moun- 

2 tain of the daughter of Sion [to fly to] for thou shalt be — (like 
the young of a flown bird carried away) Thou, Moab, shalt be 
a vassal ; and after that there will be a greater tribute of lambs. 

3 Take counsel [0 Sion] and make for her every where a 
shelter from grief. In midnight darkness they will flee. They 

4 are confounded. Be not thou incensed. Let the fugitives of Mo- 
ab sojourn with thee. They will be a shelter to you from the 
face of a pursuer. Because thy share in the war is taken away ; 
and the chief who trampled down is destroyed from this land ; 

5 therefore a throne shall be established with mercy, and on it 
one shall be seated with truth ; in the tabernacle of David, exe- 
cuting justice, and searching out judgment and promoting 


6 (s) " We have heard of the haughtiness of Moab — he is very 

(J) This haughtiness I have totally removed. 

7 " Is not this, is not this the oracle concerning thee ? Moab 
shall raise the mournful cry, for in the country of Moab they 
shall all utter the cry of woe, but to them who dwell in the 
habitations of Seth thou shalt extend care and shalt not be 

8 ashamed." The plains of Esebon shall mourn — the vineyard 
Sebama. Ye who drink up the nations, trample down her 
vineyards to Jazer. You need not march in close array : roam 
through the wilderness. They who were dispatched were wholly 
given up, for they passed through quite to the sea. 

9 (p) Let me therefore weep, as with the weeping of Jazer, for the 
vineyards of Sebama. He hath cut down thy trees, Esebon 
and Eleale. 

(J) Because in harvest and at thy vintage I will trample down 

10 and all shall be laid prostrate ; therefore gladness and the shout 
of joy shall be taken from the vineyards. And in thy vineyards 
they shall not rejoice, nor tread out wine in thy cisterns, for a 
stop is put to the shout of joy. 

11 (p) For Moab therefore will my bowels sound like a kithara, 

12 and my entrails, as when thou didst consecrate a wall ; but it 
will be for the purpose of making thee ashamed. Because Mo- 
ab had tired himself at the altars, therefore he will go in to the 
works of his hands ; that they may intercede ; but they shall 
not be able to deliver him. 

13 This is the decree which the Lord pronounced against 

14 Moab, when he spoke. And now I say, within three years of 
the years of an hireling the glory of Moab shall be debased 
with all his abundant wealth ; and he shall be left few in num- 
ber and of no estimation. 

XVII. X. TJie Oracle against Damascus. 

BEHOLD Damascus shall be removed from among cities, 

2 and shall be for desolation — left for ever for the folding of 
flocks, and for a resting place where none will scare them. 

3 And it shall no more be a fortress for Ephraim to flee to ; nor 

(s) Sion. 


shall there be again a regal government in Damascus — ever 
hereafter, of the Syrians. For thou art not better than the chil- 
dren of Israel — than that which was their glory. Thus saith the 
■I Lord of hosts, there shall be in that day a diminution of the 
glory of Jacob ; and the fatness of his glory shall be shaken ; 

5 and it shall be as when one gathereth the standing harvest 
and reapeth the ears of stalks ; nay, it shall be as when one ga- 
thereth stalks in a sterile vale, still a stalk may be left in it : 

6 or like the unripe berries of an olive tree, two or three may be 
left on the topmost bough, or four or five among the branches. 

7 Thus saith the Lord the God of Israel, in that day let man 
trust in his maker, and his eyes look to the Holy One of Israel : 

8 and let him no more put confidence in altars, nor in the works 
of their hands which their fingers have made, nor look to the 
groves nor to their abominations. 

9 In that day thy cities shall be forsaken, as the Amorites 
and Evites forsook theirs because of the sons of Israel : and 
they shall become a desolation. 

10 Because thou hast forsaken G-od thy Saviour, and hast 
not been mindful of the Lord thy helper, therefore thou shalt 

11 plant a faithless plant and a faithless seed. On the day thou 
plantest thou shalt be deceived. Though thou sowest in the 
morning, shall it bloom for harvest ? or on the day when thou 
shalt take possession, shalt thou as the father of man take pos- 
session for thy sons ? 

12 Alas ! the multitude of many nations ! Like the billowy sea 
so shall you be tossed, and the back of many nations shall 

13 sound like water. The multitude of nations being like a 
great flood, their flight shall be like that of a mighty torrent roll- 
ing on impetuously. For he will repulse them with scorn, and 
pursue them to a great distance, like chaff before the wind 
when men winnow, or as a tempest driveth the dust of a wheel. 

14 Toward evening there will be grief; before morning they shall 
be no more. This is the portion of them who have plundered 
you ; and this the inheritance of them, who have taken posses- 
sion of you. 

XVIII. Ah! wings of the land of ships! Thou who surpass- 

2 est the Ethiopian streams, thou who art sending pledges by 

sea, and paper messages on the water ; for swift messengers 

VOL. II. 3 A 


will go to a lofty nation, and to a strange and fierce people. 
There is one far transcending it. With regard to the nation 
without hope and trodden down, at this time, all ye streams 

3 of that land, like an inhabited country, their country shall be 
inhabited. As if a signal were displayed from a mountain, as 

4 with the sound of a trumpet, let the news be spread. For thus 
hath the Lord said to me, "There shall be safety in this city 
of mine ; like the light of noontide heat ; and it shall be like a 
dewy cloud in a harvest day." 

5 Before the vintage, when the blossom is perfect, and the 
young grape is swelling in the blossom ; the diminutive bunch- 
es are to be cut off with pruning hooks, and the small shoots, 

6 to be nip'd off and cut away, and left together for the birds of 
the air, and for the wild beasts of the earth. And against them 
will be gathered all the birds of the air ; and all the wild beasts 

7 of the earth will come upon it. At that time gifts will be brought 
to the Lord of Hosts from a people afflicted and peeled — even 
on account of a people great from this time and forever. A 
nation having hope, though trodden down, which is in a part of 
the river of its country, will send them to the place of him, 
whose name is the Lord of Hosts, even to mount Sion. 

XIX. XL A vision concerning Egypt 

1 BEHOLD the Lord is seated on a swift cloud ; and he will 
come into Egypt; and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at 
his presence ; and the heart of the people shall melt within them. 

2 And they shall be stirred up, Egyptians against Egyptians, 
aud shall fight ; brother against brother and neighbour against 

3 neighbour, city against city, and nome against nomc. And the 
spirit of the Egyptians shall be troubled within them : and I 
will dissipate their counsel; and they will consult their gods 
and their idols; and them who cause a voice to proceed from 

4 the ground, namely the belly speakers. And I will deliver 
Egypt into the hands of men — cruel lords ; and fierce kings 
shall have dominion over them. 

5 Thus saith the Lord of Hosts, The Egyptians drink water even 

6 that near the sea, but the river shall fail and be dried up — both 
the streams and the canals of the river shall fail ; and every col- 
lection of water shall be dried up, even every fen, where reeds 


7 and papyrus grow. And all the quick springing herbage which 
is around the river, and every thing which is sown by the river 

8 shall be dried up and withered by the wind. And the fisher- 
men shall mourn — all who cast drags in the river shall mourn ; 
and they who spread nets and they who are anglers shall grieve : 

9 and shame shall seize them who work the split flax, and them 

10 who work up the cotton. They who are employed in such 
works shall be in sorrow ; and they who brew beer shall mourn 
and be grieved in soul. 

11 The princes of Tanis shall be fools, those wise counsellors 
of the king, their counsel shall be turned into folly. How can 
you say to the king, We are sons of wise men, sons of ancient 

12 kings? Where now are these wise men of thine? Let them tell 
thee publickly and declare what the Lord of hosts hath deter- 
mined against Egypt. 

13 The princes of Tanis have failed; and the princes of Mem- 
phis are exalted, and they will lead Egypt astray, tribe by 

14 tribe. For the Lord hath mingled for them a spirit of error, and 
they with all their works have made Egypt reel, as a drunk- 

15 ard doth, when he is vomiting. So that there shall be no work 
among the Egyptians, of which one can make head or tail, be- 

16 ginning or end. And in that day the Egyptians shall be like 
women in fear and trembling because of the hand of the Lord 
of Hosts which he will lay upon them. 

17 And the country of the Jews will be a terror to the Egyp- 
tians : when any one shall mention it to them, they will be in 
terror, because of the counsel which the Lord of Hosts hath 

18 determined against it. In that day there shall be five cities in 
Egypt which shall speak the language of Chanaan. And swear 
by the name of the Lord of Hosts : and one of them shall be 

19 called the city of Asedek. And in that day there shall be an al- 
tar for the Lord in the country of the Egyptians, and at its 

20 boundary a pillar for the Lord, and it shall be an everlasting 
sign for the Lord, in the country of Egypt. Because they will 
cry to the Lord on account of their oppressors, therefore he 
will send them a man who will save them : he will vindicate their 

21 cause and deliver them. And the Lord will be made known to 
the Egyptians, and the Egyptians will acknowledge the Lord 


in that day, and offer sacrifices and make vows to the Lord 

22 and perform them. Thus will the Lord smite the Egyptians 
and heal them, and they shall be turned to the Lord, and he 
will hearken to them and heal them. 

23 In that day this will be the highway from Egypt to Assyria ; 
and Assyrians will come to Egypt and Egyptians to Assy- 

24 ria ; and the Egyptians shall serve the Assyrians. In that day 
Israel shall be a third, among the Egyptians and among the 
Assyrians, blessed in the land which the Lord of Hosts hath 
blessed saying, 

"Blessed is my people which is in Egypt, and which is 
in Assyria and Israel which is mine inheritance." 

XX. XII. IN the year that Tanathan having been sent by 
Arna king of Assyria went to Azotus and fought against it 
and took it, at that time the Lord spoke to Esaias son of Amos 
saying, " Go and take the sackcloth from thy loins and loose 
thy sandals from thy feet ; and having done so walk stripp'd and 

3 bare foot." And the Lord said, As my servant Esaias hath 
walked stripp'd and bare foot, three years ; three years he shall 

4 be for signs and wonders to the Egyptians, and Ethiopians, 
that in this manner the king of Assyria will lead away the 
captives of Egypt and Ethiopia, young and old, naked and 

5 barefoot, exposing to view the shame of Egypt. And they 
being subdued shall be ashamed of the Ethiopians in whom 
the Egyptians had placed confidence; for they were their 

6 glory. And in that day the inhabitants of this country will say, 

Behold we trusted to flee for help to them, who were un- 
able to deliver themselves from the king of Assyria : how then 
shall we escape ? 

XXL XIII. The vision of the Desert. 

AS, when a whirlwind having passed through a desert, is 
rushing out of a desert, the sight from the land is terrible; 
this vision being also dreadful, was revealed to me. The trea- 
cherous dealeth treacherously ; the transgressor transgresseth ; 
the Elamites are upon me ; and the elders of the Persians are 
coming against me. Am I now to groan and comfort myself? 


3 For this cause my loins are filled with fainting ; pangs have seiz- 
ed me like a woman in travail. I did wrong not to hear ; I shud- 

4 dered so that I could not see. My heart is bewildered, transgres- 
sion overwhelmeth me. My soul is on the brink of despair. Pre- 

5 pare the table. Eat, drink ye chiefs. Having arisen prepare 
fi shields. Because thus the Lord said to me, "Go set a watch - 

7 man for thyself and proclaim what thou seest." Thereupon 1 
beheld a chariot with two riders, and a rider on an ass and a 
rider on a camel. 

"Listen with the utmost attention, said the Lord, and call 

8 " A fair breeze to the watch tower " I have kept my station all 
the day long, and by the camp I have stood the whole night ; and 

9 behold here cometh a man riding in a chariot, and addressing 
me he said, " It is fallen ! Babylon is fallen ! and all her images, 
and all the works of her hands are dashed on the ground." 

10 Hear this ye who have been forsaken ! and ye, who have 
been sorely grieved, hear what I have heard from the Lord of 
Hosts — what the God of Israel hath announced to us. 

XIV. The vision concerning Humect. 

11 TO me one calleth from Seir, "Guard ye the fortifica- 

12 tions," I keep watch morning and night. If thou wouldst in- 

13 quire ; inquire and dwell near me. Thou mayst go to rest in 
the western forest, or in the way to Dedan. 

14 inhabitants of the country of Thaiman, bring out water 
to meet the thirsty ; meet with bread them who are fleeing, 

15 because of the multitude of the slain ; and because of the mul- 
titude of dispersed : and because of the multitude of swords ; 
and because of the multitude of bended bows ; and because 

16 of the multitude of them who have fallen in battle. For thus 
hath the Lord said to me, " Within a year, according to the 
year of an hireling, the glory of the children of Kedar shall 
fail ; and the remnant of the mighty bowmen of Kedar shall 
be small. For the Lord God of Israel hath spoken." 

XXII. XV. The Oracle concerning the valley of Sion. 

WHAT aileth thee, that you are all now gone up to the 

2 house tops? This vain city is full of people shouting. Thy 

slain are not slain with the sword ; nor have thy dead died in 


3 battle. All thy chiefs have fled and they who are taken are cru- 
elly bound. Even the mighty men in thee have fled far away. 

4 Therefore I said, Let me alone ; let me weep bitterly : la- 
bour not to comfort me, for this distress of the daughter of my 

5 people. For it is a day of trouble and destruction and tread- 
ing down. There is indeed some wandering from the Lord of 
Hosts ; in the valley of Sion they are wandering about ; from 
the least to the greatest they are wandering on the mountains. 

6 But the Elamites have taken up their quivers ; and the horse- 
men have mounted their horses; and the army is arrayed in 

7 order for battle ; and on they will come. Thy choicest valleys 
shall be filled with chariots ; and the horsemen will block up 

8 thy gates, and burst open the gates of Juda ; and look, on that 
day, into the choicest houses of the city; and lay open the 

9 stores of the houses of David's citadel. They indeed know that 
they are many, and that the water of the old pool is turned into 

10 the city, and that the houses of Jerusalem have been pulled 
down, to fortify the wall in the city. 

11 You have indeed provided water for yourselves, between 
the two walls nearer than the old pool, and have not looked to 
him who formed it of old, nor regarded him who created it. 

12 Though the Lord of hosts, on that day, called for mourn- 
ing, and lamentation, and for shaving of hair and girding with 

13 sackcloth, yet they indulged themselves in joy and gladness, 
slaying oxen and sacrificing sheep, that they might eat flesh 
and drink wine, saying, "Let us eat and drink, for to-morrow 

14 we die." Yes, these were their undisguised expressions, in the 
hearing of the Lord of hosts, therefore this sin will not be for- 

15 given you till you die. Thus saith the Lord of Hosts, Go to 

16 the treasury — to Somnas the steward, and say to him, Why 
art thou here? and what hast thou here? that thou hast hewn 
out for thyself a monument, and hast made for thyself a se- 
pulchre on high, and graved for thyself a tabernacle in a rock ? 

17 Behold the Lord of hosts is now driving out and will utterly 
destroy men of rank, and he will take away thy robe and this 

18 gorgeous crown of thine, and whirl thee into a large immea- 
surable country, and there thou shalt die. And he will bring 
to disgrace thy splendid chariot, and make the house of thy 

19 chief a publick walk. And when thou shalt be removed from 


20 thine office and station : it shall come to pass in that day, that 

21 I will call my servant Eliakim son of Chelkias, and clothe him 
with thy robe. And this crown of thine I will confirm to him, 
and I will commit to his hands this office of thine : and he shall 
be as a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to them who 

22 dwell in Juda. And I will give him the glory of David, and 
he shall rule and there shall be no antagonist ; and on his should- 
er I will lay the key of the house of David ; and he will open 
and none shall shut ; and he will shut and none shall open : 

23 and I will make him a ruler in a sure place, and he shall be a 

24 throne of glory for the house of his father. And on him will 
rely with confidence, every honourable man in his father's 
house, from the least even to the greatest. On him they shall 
be dependant in that day. 

25 Thus saith the Lord of Hosts, The man who is now fixed 
in a sure place shall be removed and taken away and shall fall ; 
and the glory which is on him shall be utterly destroyed for 
the Lord hath spoken it. 

XXIII. XYI. The Oracle concerning Tyre. 

EAISE the mournful cry, ships of Carthage, for Tyre 
is destroyed and there are no arrivals from the land of the Ki- 
tians. She is carried away captive. 

2 Who could be compared with the dwellers in this island — 

3 these merchants of Phoenicia, who traversed the ocean — this 
offspring of merchants on many a water, who made a traffick 
of nations as of an ingathered harvest ? 

4 Be ashamed, Sidon, said the sea — even the strength of 
the sea said, 

"I did not travail nor did I bring her forth; nor did I 

5 nourish her youths, nor educate her virgins; yet when the 
news shall reach Egypt, sorrow for Tyre will take hold on 

6 Away to Carthage ! Eaise the mournful cry, ye who inha- 

7 bit that isle ! Was not she your boast of old, before she was 
delivered up ? 

8 " WJw hath taken this counsel against the Tyrians ? Is she 
inferior ? Or hath she not power 1 Her merchants are glorious 
chiefs of the earth." 


9 The Lord of Hosts hath determined to destroy all the 
haughtiness of the glorious ; and to bring to contempt every 
thing glorious on the earth. 

10 Work thy land : for ships no more arrive from Carthage, 
nor is thy hand which vexed kings, any more powerful by 

11 sea. The Lord of Hosts hath given a command, concerning 

12 Chanaan, to destroy its power: and shall it be said, You must 
not proceed to insult and distress the daughter of Sidon ? Nay 
though thou shouldst go to the Kitians; yet even there thou 

13 shalt not have rest. Away to the land of the Chaldeans, though 
it hath been wasted by the Assyrians; because its walls had 

14 Raise the mournful cry, ships of Carthage, because 
your strong hold is destroyed. 

15 And it shall come to pass in that day, that Tyre shall be 
forsaken seventy years, according to the days of a king, ac- 
cording to the time of a man. And it shall come to pass after 
seventy years, that Tyre shall be as the song of a harlot. 

16 Take a kithara, stroll about, city, O harlot long forgot- 
ten ! Play skilfully ; sing many songs, that thou mayst be re- 

17 membered. And it shall come to pass after seventy years, that 
God will take account of Tyre, and she shall be restored to 
her former state, and be a mart for all the kingdoms of the 

18 world ; which are on the face of the earth. And her traffick and 
gain shall be holy to the Lord. All her gain shall not be trea- 
sured up for themselves, but for them who dwell before the 
Lord, that they may eat and drink and be filled, and for con- 
tributions to be kept in remembrance before the Lord. 

XXIY. XVII. Sect. 1. BEHOLD the Lord is about to de- 
stroy this inhabited land ! He will lay it waste and uncover the 

2 face thereof and scatter abroad them who dwell therein. And 
it shall be as with the people so with the priest; as with the 
servant, so with the master ; as with the maid, so with the mis- 
tress ; as with the buyer, so with the seller, as with the lender, 
so with the borrower ; as with the debtor, so with the credit- 

3 or. With destruction the land will be destroyed, and with 
spoiling this land will be ransacked : for the mouth of the Lord 

4 hath spoken this. The land mourned and this empire is de- 


5 stroyed — the lofty people of the land mourned. As for the 
land, it transgressed by means of its inhabitants. Because they 
transgressed the law, and changed the institutions — the ever- 

6 lasting covenant, therefore a curse devoureth the land. Be- 
cause they who dwell therein have sinned, therefore the inha- 
bitants of the land shall be distressed, and few are the men 

7 who shall be left. The wine will mourn, the vineyard will 

8 mourn, and all that were merry -hearted will sigh. The mirth 
of the tabrets hath ceased, the sound of the kithara is no more. 

9 They are confounded : they have drunk no wine. The palm 

10 wine was bitter to them who drank it. Every city is desolat- 
ed — the houses will be shut up that none may enter. 

11 Kaise the mournful cry every where for the wine. A stop 
is put to all the joy of the land — all the joy of the land is gone. 

12 The cities will be left desolate, and the houses being forsaken 

13 will be destroyed. All this shall come to pass in this land, in 
the midst of the nations. As when one shall shake an olive tree, 
so shall they be shaken : and when the vintage is over a shout 
will be raised. 

14 But they who are left in the land shall be gladdened with 

1 5 the glory of the Lord. The water of the sea will be troubled : for 
this cause the glory of the Lord will be in the isles of the sea. 
In the isles of the sea the name of the Lord will be glorious. 

15 (c) " Lord the God of Israel ! from the outskirts of the 
earth we have heard of thy wonders : there is hope for the 
(p) Let them say also, " Woe to the rebels who reject the law ! 

17 Terror and a pit and a snare are for you who dwell in the land : 

18 and it shall come to pass, that he who fleeth from the terror, 
shall fall into the pit ; and he who getteth out of the pit, shall 
be caught by the snare. Because the flood gates of heaven are 
opened, therefore the foundations of the land shall be shaken. 

19 With confusion the land will be confounded ; with perplexity 

20 this land will be perplexed. It reeled to and fro like a drunkard 
when intoxicated : like a lodge in a vineyard the land shall be 
shaken. For iniquity hath prevailed over it ; and it shall fall and 

21 shall not be able to rise. When God shall bring his hand on the 

22 hosts of heaven, even upon the kings of this land ; and the con- 
gregation thereof shall have been assembled for imprisonment, 

VOL. II. 3 B 


and shut up as chaff for many generations ; of them there shall 
be a visitation. 

23 (c) When the bricks shall have mouldered away, and the wall 
shall have fallen ; because the Lord will commence his reign 
from Sion and from Jerusalem, and be glorified in the presence 

XXV. of the elders ; Lord God, thee I will glorify : in songs 
of praise I will extol thy name. For thou hast executed won- 
derful things, a counsel of old immutably true. 
2 Because thou hast reduced cities to a heap of ruins — cities 
made strong, that their foundations might not fall ; (a city of 
wicked men cannot be built to last forever) therefore the dis- 

4 tressed people will bless thee and the cities of injured men 
will give thee thanks ; for thou hast been the support of every 
humble city and the defence of them who were dispirited ; 
by reason of their weakness. From wicked men thou will de- 
liver them. Thou art the support of the thirsty and the breath 
of men in distress. 

5 (p) When dispirited men shall be thirsting in Sion on ac- 
count of wicked men to whom thou hast delivered us up ; 

6 then will the Lord of Hosts make provision for all the nations. 

7 On this mount they shall drink gladness : they shall drink 
wine and be anointed with myrrh on this mount. Hand down 
all these things to the nations for this counsel is for all the na- 

g Mighty death had swallowed up ; but the Lord God hath 
again wiped every tear from every face ; and removed from the 
whole earth the reproach of this people. For the mouth of the 
Lord hath spoken. 

9 And in that day they will say, " Behold our God in whom 
we trusted, will indeed save us. He is the Lord, for him we 
waited and exulted ; let us therefore rejoice in our salvation. 
God will give rest on this mountain." 

10 Sect. 2. WHEN the country of Moab shall be trodden down, 

11 as a threshing floor is trampled with cars and he shall cause his 
hands to relax, as he indeed humbled him to be slain, and 
shall humble his pride — those things on which he hath laid 

12 his hands, and shall lower the height of his wall of refuge ; and 
it shall be laid low in the dust : in that day shall this song be 
sung in the land of Judea. 


XXVI. (c.) " Behold we have a strong city ! he will make 
salvation its wall and outworks. Open the gates ; let the people 

2 enter, who keep righteousness and who keep truth ; who sup- 

3 port truth and keep peace ; because their confidence is placed 

4 in thee, Lord ! who art to everlasting, the Mighty, the 

5 Eternal God, who hast humbled and brought down them who 

6 dwell in lofty places. Fortified cities thou canst demolish and 
level them with the dust, that the feet of the meek and lowly 

7 may trample them. The way of the pious was straight ; the 
way of the pious was well prepared; for the way of the 

9 Lord is justice. We have trusted in thy name and in that 
remembrance which is the desire of our soul by night. 
To thee, God, my spirit awaketh early, because thy statutes 
are a light on the earth. Learn righteousness ye dwellers 

10 on earth, for the wicked one is no more. Whoever will not 
learn justice on earth, cannot act agreeably to truth. Let 
the wicked be removed that he may not see the glory of 

11 the Lord. Thy hand, Lord, was lifted high ; but they did 
not know it; but when they know they will be ashamed. Zeal 
will seize an uninstructed people ; even now a fire devoureth 
the adversaries. 

12 Lord, our God, grant us peace, for thou hast forgiven us 

13 all things. Lord, our God, take possession of us ! besides 
thee, Lord, we know none other. We celebrate thy name. As 

14 for those who are dead they would not see life, nor could physi- 
cians raise them up ; therefore thou hast removed and destroy- 
ed and taken away all their males. Heap, Lord, evils upon 
them — Heap evils on the vainglorious of the earth. 

16 Lord, in affliction I remembered thee. Thine instruction 

17 to us was with a small affliction ; and as a woman in labour, 
when near delivery, crieth in her pangs, so have we been to thy 

18 beloved. On account of the fear of thee, Lord, we conceiv- 
ed and suffered the pangs of child birth, and brought forth the 
spirit of thy salvation ; for what we did in that land we are not 
to fall ; but all the dwellers in that land are to fall. 

19 (p) The dead shall be raised up again, even they in the 
tombs shall be raised up : and they in this land shall be filled 
with joy : for the dew from thee is healing for them ; but the 

20 land of the ungodly shall fall. Go my people, enter into thy 


chambers ; shut thy door : hide thyself for a little while ; until 
21 the anger of the Lord is passed. For behold the Lord from 
his sanctuary is about to bring wrath on the inhabitants of this 
land; and the land will disclose the blood on it, and will no 
longer coyer the slain. 
XXVII. In that clay God will bring his holy sword, even his 
great and powerful sword, upon the dragon, the flying serpent 
— Upon the dragon, the crooked serpent ; he will slay the dra- 

2 In that day the fair vineyard — I have a mind to lead a re- 
sponsive song against this. 

3 (c) I am a strong city, a city besieged. 

(v) In vain shall I supply her with drink : for by night she 

4 will be taken, and by day she will fall. There is no wall, or 
it hath not availed her. Will any one set me to watch a stalk 
in a field ? On account of this warfare I have rejected her. 

o (c) For this cause therefore the Lord hath executed all that 
he determined. I am about to be burned up. 

(v) Let the inhabitants therein cry aloud, " Let us make 
peace with him. Let us make peace." 

6 (p) They who are coming are children of Jacob. Israel shall 

7 bloom and blossom ; and the world shall be filled with his fruit. 
He shall not, as he smote, be so smitten : nor, as he slew, shall he 

8 be so slain. Having fought and disgraced them he will let them 
go. Thou hast not been visiting with this severe wind, to de- 
stroy them utterly with a blast of anger. 

9 (J) By means of this the iniquity of Jacob will be removed : 
and this will be to him a subject of thanksgiving, when I take 
away his sin — when they grind to powder all the hewn stones 
of their altars, and their groves no longer remain, and their 

10 idols hack'd to pieces like a forest are far away. The folded 
flock shall be disconsolate, like a flock which hath been forsa- 
ken ; and for a long time the country shall be for a pasture, and 

11 flocks shall there take their rest. And after a time there will 
be no verdure in it, by reason of its being parched up. 

(p) ye women who are coming from a goddess attend ! 
For this is not a people, who have understanding ; therefore he 

(c) the city. (v) the vineyard. 


who made them will not have pity on them ; nor will he who 

12 formed them shew them any favour. 

(J) But it shall come to pass in that day, that God will hedge 
them about from the channel of the river even to Rinocorouron. 

13 Therefore gather ye the sons of Israel together one by one. 
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the great trumpet 
shall be sounded and those shall come who are perishing in the 
land of Assyria, and they who are perishing in Egypt; and 
shall bow themselves down before the Lord, on this holy 
mountain in Jerusalem. 

XXVIII. Sect. 3. (p) AH ! the crown of haughtiness ! The 
mercenaries of Ephraim ! That flower which hath fallen from 
the glory on the top of the fertile mountain ! Ye who are 

2 drunk without wine ! Behold the wrath of the Lord is a harsh 
and terrible thing. Like a tempest of hail furiously driven when 
there is no shelter, like a mighty deluge sweeping a country. 

3 In this land it will put a stop to the labour of hands ; and with 
the feet shall be trampled down the crown of your pride, 

4 mercenaries of Ephraim. And the flower which hath dropped 
from the hope of the Glory, on the top of the lofty mountain, 
shall be like the early fruit of a fig tree, which he who seeth it 
will wish to devour, before he can get it into his hand. 

5 In that day the Lord of Hosts will be the crown of hope — 

6 the diadem of glory to the remnant of the people. They shall 
be left for the spirit of Justice — to administer justice and de- 

7 stroy the power of the opposers. For by wine these were made 
transgressors ; they were led astray by strong drink. Priest and 
prophet were stupefied with strong drink ; they were gorged 
with wine — they were agitated by drunkenness ; they reeled to 

8 and fro. This is oracling ! A curse shall devour their counsel ; 
for their counsel is for the sake of gain. 

9 (f) " To whom, [say they] have toe announced evils ? 
And to whom have ive announced a message — we who have 
been weaned from milk, ive who have been withdrawn from the 
breasts ? Expect affliction on affliction ; hope on hope, yet a little 
while — yet a little while. 

10 On account of the mockery of their lips — because they 
will speak to this people with a strange tongue, saying to them, 

(f ) The sententious speeches of the false prophets. 


" This i$ the rest for him who is hungry : and this is the de- 
12 struction, hut they would not hear" Therefore the oracle of 
God will be to them " Affliction on affliction ; hope on hope, yet 
a little while, yet a little while" that they may proceed on 
and fall backwards ; and they shall be broken and snared and 

14 caught. Therefore hear the word of the Lord, ye afflicted 

15 men, and ye rulers of this people in Jerusalem ! Because you 
said, " We have made a covenant with death : and with the grave 
we have made a treaty : though the furious tempest may pass 
through, it will by no means reach us. We have made falsehood 
our refuge and by this falsehood we shall be saved." 

16 Therefore thus saith the Sovereign Lord ; behold I lay for 
the foundation of Sion a stone of inestimable worth — a chosen, 
precious corner-stone for the foundations of it, and he who be- 

17 lieveth shall not be ashamed. And I will establish judgment 
for hope, and my mercy shall be for scales. But as for you 
who have vainly trusted in falsehood, that the tempest would 

18 not reach you; and that it would not break your treaty with 
death ; the hope which you have with respect to the grave shall 
not last : when the furious tempest cometh, by it you shall be 

19 beaten down. When it cometh it will overtake you. Early, very 
early in the morning it will come, and at night your hope will 

20 be wretched. Learn to hear, " We are straitened for room, we 

21 cannot fight. We are weakened by your pressing upon us." Like 
a mountain of wicked men the Lord will rise up ; and he will 
be in the valley of Gabaon. With wrath he will execute his 
work — a work of bitterness; and his wrath will attack in a 

22 strange manner; and its severity will be unusual. As for 
you therefore, be not filled with joy, yet let not your bonds 
gather strength. For the things are complete and decisive 
which I have heard from the Lord of Hosts — which he will ex- 
ecute on all this land. 

23 Listen and hear my voice ; attend and hearken to these 

24 words of mine. Will the ploughman plough the whole day ? 

25 Or prepare seed before he hath tilled the ground ? Doth he 
not, when he hath levelled the face of the soil, then sow the 
small dill or cummin ? and again sow wheat and barley and 

26 millet and rye in all thy borders? So thou shalt be corrected 

27 by the judgment of God ; and be made glad. For the dill is 


not cleaned with a corn drag ; nor is the wheel of a wain to 

turn round on the cummin ; but with a rod are beaten out 

the dill — and cummin. 
28 (J) Yet with bread they will be eaten. For I, The I am 

will not be angry with you forever, nor shall the voice of my 

severity destroy you. These wonders have indeed proceeded 

from the Lord of Hosts. 
XXIX. Hold consultation ; exalt vain comfort. Ah city Ariel, 

against which David fought ! collect provisions year after year ; 

2 eat ; for you shall eat with Moab ; for I will bring distress 
upon Ariel, and her strength and her riches shall be for me. 

3 I will indeed encompass thee as David did ; and surround 

4 thee with a rampire ; and erect towers around thee. But when 
thy words shall be brought down to the ground ; and shall be as 
if they sounded out of the earth ; and thy voice on the ground 

5 shall be feeble ; then shall the riches of the wicked be as the 
dust of a wheel, and the multitude of thine oppressors as chaff 

6 blown away : and this shall be as in a moment, suddenly. For 
from the Lord of Hosts there will be a visitation — a hurricane 
and a devouring flame of fire, with thunder and an earthquake 

7 and a mighty noise ; and the wealth of all the nations which 
encamped against Ariel, and all they who are warring against 
Jerusalem, and all who have been assembled against her, and 
those distressing her, shall be like one dreaming dreams by 

8 night : and like men who in sleep are eating and drinking, but 
when they awake the dream is vain : even as a thirsty man 
dreameth that he drinketh, and when he waketh he is still 
athirst, his soul having trusted in a shadow : so shall be the 
wealth of all the nations, who have warred against mount 
Sion. — 

9 (p) Be sunk in dejection and stand astonished ; be drunk 

10 and reel, not with wine nor strong drink; for the Lord hath 
drenched you with a spirit of stupefaction, and will close up 

11 the eyes of them and of their prophets and their rulers. As for 
your seers of hidden things, all these prophesies will be to you 
like the words of a book which is sealed : which when they 
give to a man skilled in letters, saying, Eead this : He will say, 

12 I cannot read it, for it is sealed. And should the book be put 


in the hands of an illiterate man, and they say to him, Bead 
that, he will say, I do not know letters. 

13 The Lord hath indeed said, (J) "This people draw near 
to me with their mouth ; and with their lips they honour me ; 
but their heart is far from me : and in vain do they worship 

14 me, teaching the commands and doctrines of men : therefore, 
behold, I will proceed to the removal of this people and I will 
remove them ; and destroy the wisdom of the wise, and dark- 

15 en the understanding of the prudent." Alas! for them, who 
deeply form a design, but not by the Lord. Alas ! for them, 
who form designs in secret, that their works may be in dark- 
ness ; and who will say, "Who hath seen us, and who can 

16 find out us, or what we do?" Are not you to be considered 
as the potter's clay ? Shall the thing formed say to the former 
of it, thou hast not made me. Or shall the work say to the 

17 workman thou hast not made me wisely? Is it not a little 
while, ere Libanus shall be changed to a likeness of mount Car- 

18 mel ? And Carmel be accounted a forest ? And in that day 
the deaf shall hear the words of a book, and they in darkness, 
even they in thick darkness— the eyes even of the blind 

19 shall see; and the distressed shall exult with joy because of 
the Lord; and the disconsolate among men shall be filled 

20 with joy. The lawless one hath failed, and the haughty one is 
destroyed, and these are utterly cut off who maliciously coni- 

21 mit iniquity, and who by reasoning cause men to err. But as for 
all them who reprove in the gates they will indeed lay a stum- 
bling block, because of their having turned aside the righteous 

22 one for the unrighteous, therefore, thus saith the Lord respecting 
the house of Jacob, whom he set apart from Abraham ; " Jacob 
will not be ashamed now, nor will he now change his counte- 

23 nance ; but when his children shall see my works, because of 
me they will hallow my name. They will hallow the Holy 

24 One of Jacob, and tremble before the God of Israel. And they 
who have erred in spirit will gain knowledge, and the mur- 
murers shall be taught obedience, and the trifling tongues will 
learn to speak peace." 

XXX. Sect. 4. "AH rebellious children! saith the Lord, 

you have formed a design, but not by me: and thou hast 


made convenants, but not by my spirit, that you may add sins 
to sins. 

2 " They are setting out to go down to Egypt, without hav- 
ing consulted me — to be assisted by Pharao and protected by 

3 the Egyptians. For the protection of Pharao will be your 
shame, and a disgrace to them who have trusted in Egypt. 

4 Because generals are unwelcome messengers at Tanis, they 

5 shall labour in vain with a people who will be of no service 
for assistance ; but for a shame and disgrace. 

6' This is the vision of the four footed beasts in the desert — 
A lion and a lion's whelp were in distress and difficulty ; and 
from them went the asps and the brood of flying serpents, 
who carried their wealth on asses and camels to a nation which 
could not profit them. 

7 In vain and to no purpose will the Egyptians help you. 
Announce to them, That this application of yours is vain. 

8 Now therefore sit down and write these things in a tablet 
and make a book that they may be for the appointed time — 

9 even for the time to come. Because this is a rebellious peo- 

10 pie — lying children, who would not hear the law of God, who 
say to the prophets, " Preach not to us," and to them who see 
visions, " Speak not to us, nay, speak to us and tell us another 

11 error, and turn us from this way, and take from us this path, 
and take from us the oracle of Israel." 

12 Therefore thus saith the Holy One of Israel, because you 
have disbelieved these words and placed your hopes on a lie : 
and because thou hast murmured, and been confident in this 

13 matter ; therefore this sin shall be to you like the tottering wall 
of a fortified city, which hath been taken by surprise ; the fall 

14 of which is instantaneous. And its fall shall be like the breaking 
of an earthen vessel, the fragments of which are so small that 
there cannot be found among them a sherd on which thou 
canst carry fire or with which thou canst scoop up a little 

15 Thus saith the Lord, Lord. The Holy One of Israel, when thou 
shalt return sighing, then thou shalt be saved, and thou shalt 
know in what a situation thou wast, when thou didst trust in 
these vanities. 

VOL. II. 3 c 


16 Your strength was vain, yet you would not hearken, but 
said, " We will flee on horses." Therefore flee you shall. And, 
" We will mount swift coursers," therefore swift shall be your 

17 A thousand shall flee at the voice of one ; and at the voice 
of five, many thousands shall flee : until you be left like a bea- 
con on a mountain, and like a flag staff upon a hill. 

18 (p) But again the Lord will wait to be gracious to you, 
and will therefore be exalted for compassionating you. Be- 
cause the Lord your God is judge, happy are they who wait 

19 for him. Because a holy people will dwell in Sion, and Jerusa- 
lem with weeping cried, "Have mercy upon me." There- 
fore he will have mercy upon thee. When he heard the sound 

20 of thy cry, he hearkened to thee. When the Lord shall have 
given you bread of affliction and stinted water, they who lead 
thee astray shall no more come near thee. Because thine 

21 eyes will see them who are leading thee astray and thine ears 
will hear the words of the deceivers behind thee who say, This 

22 is the way let us walk in it, whether to the right or left ; there- 
fore thou wilt defile thine idols plated with silver, and cut to 
pieces those overlaid with gold, and scatter them like pollut- 

23 ed water and cast them out as dirt. Then shall there be rain 
for the seed of thy land, and the bread of the increase of thy 
land shall be both abundant and nutritive ; and thy cattle shall 

24 feed in rich and large pastures. Your bulls and your cattle 
which till the ground shall eat provender mixed with winnow- 

25 ed barley. And there shall be on every lofty mountain, and on 
every high hill streams of water in that day, when many shall 

26 be perishing and when towers may be falling. And the light of 
the moon shall be as the light of the sun ; and the light of the 
sun shall on that day be seven fold; when the Lord will heal 
the bruises of his people, and when he will cure thy painful 

27 Behold the name of the Lord cometh for a time, a burn- 
ing wrath. The oracle of his lips with glory is an oracle full of 

28 indignation, and the fury of the wrath devoureth like fire ; and 
his breath is like a sweeping flood in a valley, which will reach 
up to the neck and swell to confound nations for their vain 


29 When error shall pursue them and overtake them, before 
their face ought not you to rejoice continually and continually go 
to my solemnities like them who are celebrating a festival? 
Like them who are gladdened you should go with instrument- 

30 al music to the mount of the Lord, to the God of Israel. When 
the Lord shall cause the glory of his voice to be heard— when, 
to display the fury of his arm with wrath and indignation and 
consuming fire, he shall utter tremendous thunder, accompa- 

31 nied with a furious tempest of rain and hail. For by the voice 
of the Lord the Assyrians shall be beaten down by the stroke 
with which he will smite them. 

32 This indeed he shall have from all around him — from 
every place whence they had a hope of that assistance on which 
he relied, they will with timbrels and the kithara fight against 

33 him, after his rout. Of thee he will previously demand (and 
hast thou not provided for his reign) a deep valley and wood 
laid up in piles ; the wrath of the Lord will be fire and wood 
in abundance like a valley burning with brimstone. 

XXXI. Sect. 5. ALAS! They went down to Egypt for help! 
They trusted in horses and chariots ; for they have many and 
their cavalry is very numerous ; and did not rely on the Holy 

2 One of Israel, nor did they ask counsel of the Lord. There- 
fore he in his wisdom brought evils on them : and that his 
word may not be slighted, he will rise up against the houses 

3 of wicked men and against this hope of theirs which is vain— 
against an Egyptian — a man, not a god— against the flesh of 
horses in which there is no help. When the Lord shall lay his 

4 hand upon them, then shall these helpers fail and be all de- 
troy ed together. Because the Lord hath thus said to me, 

"As the lion or the young lion will roar over the prey 
which he hath taken ; and will repeat his roaring over it, until 
the mountains are filled with his voice, and the multitude are sub- 
dued and terrified at his wrath : so will the Lord of Hosts descend 
to encamp on this mountain— on this Sion— on the summits 

5 thereof: as birds hover over their young, so will the Lord of 
Hosts protect Jerusalem ; he will hover over it and spring for- 
ward, and will protect and save it." 

6* Therefore turn to him, O children of Israel, who are tak- 
ing deep and wicked counsel. 


7 Because men will in that day reject the works of their 
hands — their idols of silver and gold which their hands have 
made ; therefore Assur shall fall — not by the sword of a man 
of valour, nor shall the sword of a mortal devour him ; and he 
shall flee — (not from the face of the sword) and the young 

9 men shall be for destruction. For with a rock they shall be en- 
closed as with a rampart, and shall be subdued ; and he who 
fleeth shall be taken. 
Thus saith the Lord, 

" Happy he who hath a seed in Sion and a family in Jeru- 
XXXII. salem ! For behold a righteous king shall reign 

2 and chiefs shall rule with justice. And this man will be one 
who hideth his words, and he will be hid as from a rolling 
flood. And he will be seen on Sion like a glorious stream in a 

3 thirsty land. And they shall no more put confidence in men ; 

4 but shall apply their ears to hear. And the heart of the weak 
will listen attentively ; and trifling tongues will soon learn to 

5 speak peace. And they will no more order the fool to govern, 

6 nor shall thy servants any more command silence. For the fool 
will speak foolishly, and his heart will devise vain things ; that 
he may commit iniquity, and utter error before the Lord in or- 

7 der to scatter hungry souls : and the thirsty souls he will send 
away empty. For the counsel of the wicked will devise un- 
lawful devices to destroy the poor with unjust pleas ; and to 

8 baffle the pleas of the poor in judgment. But the pious have 
counselled with understanding ; and their counsel shall be es- 

9 Sect. 6 (p) AEISE ye rich women and hear my voice, 

10 hearken to my words ye daughters of hope! make mention of 
a day of a year in sorrow, with hope. The vintage is destroyed ; 
it hath failed ! must it never come again any more ? 

11 Be confounded; be grieved, ye confident women! strip; 

12 make yourselves bare ; gird your loins and beat your breasts, 

13 for the lovely field — for the fruitful vine. In this land of my 
people shall spring up the thorn and the briar, and joy shall be 
taken from every dwelling. 

14 rich city ! houses wholly forsaken ! They shall abandon 
city, riches, lovely houses ; and until the age the villages shall 
be dens — the joy of wild asses, the pastures of flocks, till a 

15 spirit come on you from on high. Then will a desert become a 


16 Channel and Channel will be accounted a forest ; and judg- 
ment will make a lasting abode in the desert, and righteous- 

17 ness will dwell in Channel. And the works of righteousness 
shall be peace ; and righteousness shall enjoy rest. As for them 
who have kept up their confidence till that age — his people 

18 shall then inhabit a city of peace and dwell secure, and they 

19 shall enjoy rest with riches. Though the hail descend, it shall 
not reach you : and they who dwell in the forest shall be secure 
as they in the plain. 

(c) Happy they who sow on every water where the ox and 
the ass treadeth ! 
XXXIII. (p) Woe to them who miserably afflict you; but 
none can make you miserable. Even the deceiver doth not 
deceive you. The deceivers shall be taken and delivered up 
and like a moth on a garment they shall be crushed. 

2 (c) Lord, have mercy upon us ! for in thee we have 
placed our trust. The seed of the rebellious were for destruc- 

3 tion : but thou wast our safety in the time of trouble. At the 
terror of thy voice peoples were confounded ; for fear of thee 
the nations were dispersed. 

4 (p) Xow your spoils are to be gathered ; the spoils both 
of small and great. As if one were gathering: locusts, so will 
they insult you. 

5 (c) Holy is the God who dwelleth on high, 
(p) Was Sion filled with judgment and justice ? 

6 (c) By law they were to be delivered up ; in treasures is 
our safety. 

(p) Let there be there wisdom and knowledge and piety 
towards the Lord, (These are the treasures of righteousness ;) 

7 then behold with the dread of you they shall be terrified — 
they, of whom you have been afraid, will for fear of you raise 
a grievous cry. Messengers will be sent weeping bitterly, 

8 suing for peace. For their highways shall be deserted, the 
dread of the nations is at an end and the treaty with them 
broken. And you will account them common men. 

9 The land mourned ; Lebanon was ashamed ; Saron was be- 
come fens ; Galilee and Channel were bare. 

10 " Now will I arise, saith the Lord, now shall I be glorified ; 

11 now shall I be exalted ; now you shall see : now you shall feel. 


The strength of your spirit shall be vain ; a fire shall utterly 

12 devour you ; and nations shall be burned up, as thorns in a 

13 field are rejected and burned. The far distant nations shall 
hear what I have done, they who are near shall know ray pow- 

14 er. The transgressors in Sion are fled ; terror will seize the un- 
godly. Who will tell you that a fire is kindled ? who will pro- 

15 claim to you the place which is everlasting ? He who is walk- 
ing in righteousness, speaking of a straight way ; who hateth 
iniquity and injustice ; who shaketh his hands from bribes ; 
who stoppeth his ears that he may not hear a bloody sentence ; 

16 who shutteth his eyes against the appearance of injustice : he 
shall dwell in a lofty cavern of a strong rock : bread shall be 
given him and his water shall not fail. 

17 (p) You shall see a king with glory ; your eyes shall see a 

18 far distant land ; your soul will meditate on terror. Where are 
the scribes ? Where the counsellors ? Where is he who num- 

19 bereth them who are fed — the people small and great ? Alas ! 
they gave no counsel ; nor did they understand him whose 
voice was so low that a despised people could not hear, and he 
who heareth hath not knowledge. 

20 (c) Behold the city Sion is our salvation. Thine eyes will 
look upon Jerusalem. It is a rich city composed of tents which 
should not be shaken; nor should the pins of her tabernacle 
ever be moved, nor its cords broken. 

21 (p) Because the name of the Lord is great to you, it shall 
be to you a place of streams and canals broad and spacious. 

(c) Thou shalt not pass this way ; nor shall a galley with oars 

22 cross ; for my God is great and will not pass me by. The Lord 
our judge — the Lord our chief — the Lord our king — the 
Lord will himself save us. 

23 (p) Thy tackling broke, for they had no strength, thy 
mast gave way. It will not support the sails, nor rear a stand- 
ard until it be delivered up for a spoil ; therefore many who 
are lame will seize the prey : but let not the people who dwell 
among these say, " I am wearied out " for their sin is forgiven 

XXXIV. Sect. 7 ATTEND nations, and hearken ye chiefs. 
Let the earth hear and the inhabitants thereof — The world and 


2 the people who are therein. Because the wrath of the Lord is 
against all the nations, and his anger against this number of 

3 them to destroy them and deliver them up to slaughter ; there- 
fore their wounded and dead shall be cast out, and the stench 
of them shall ascend; and the mountains shall be drenched 

4 with their blood ; and all the powers of the heavens shall waste 
away ; and the heaven shall be rolled up like a scroll and all the 
stars shall fall like leaves from a vine and as leaves fall from a 
fig tree. 

5 (J) My sword hath drunk deep in the heaven; behold it 
shall come down on Idumea and on the people justly doomed 
to destruction. 

6 (p) The sword of the Lord hath been glutted with blood ; 
it is pampered with suet — with the blood of he-goats and 
lambs, and with the suet of goats and rams. Because there is 
a sacrifice for the Lord in Bosor, and a great slaughter in Idu- 

7 mea ; therefore the fatlings shall fall with them, namely the 
rams and the bulls. And the land shall be drenched with blood, 

8 and glutted with their suet. For it is the day of the Lord's 
vengeance, and the year for a judicial retribution to Sion : 

9 and its torrents shall be turned into pitch, and its land into 

10 sulphur. And its land shall be like pitch burning day and 
night, and which shall not be extinguished : for a long time 
the smoke of it shall ascend. During its generation it shall be 

11 desolate. And for a long period fowls and porcupines, ibises 
and crows shall dwell therein. And over it shall be stretched a 
line of devastation ; and in it the onocentaurs shall dwell. The 

12 chiefs of it shall be no more ; for its kings and its nobles shall 

13 be for destruction. And in their cities shall spring up brakes ; 
and brambles shall be its fortresses : and they shall be cots 

14 for Sirens, and for the ostrich's court. And demons shall 
meet onocentaurs ; and bellow one to the other. Onocen- 
taurs shall there enjoy repose having found for themselves a 

15 place of rest. There the porcupine hath made its nest ; and the 
land hath safely kept its young. There the deer have assem- 

16 bled and seen each other's face. 1 counted them and there is 
not one of them lost. They have not had occasion to seek each 
other : for the Lord hath issued orders to them ; and his spirit 

17 hath brought them together. And he will himself cast the lots 


for them, his hand hath meted the place for them to feed. — 
For a long time you shall inherit it. 

(c) For generations of generations let them rest therein. 
XXXV. Rejoice, O desert ; shout for joy, O thirsty desert 

2 and blossom like a lilly. Let the deserts of Jordan also bloom 
and rejoice ; to it hath been given the glory of Lebanon and 
the honour of Channel. And my people shall see the glory 
of the Lord, and the majesty of our God. 

3 Be strong ye hands which are feeble, and ye knees which 

4 are without strength. Take comfort ye who are faint hearted ; 
take courage, be not terrified ; behold our G-od retributeth 
judgment ; he will indeed make retribution — he himself will 

5 come and save us. Then shall be opened the eyes of the 

6 blind ; and the ears of the deaf will hear. Then will the lame 
bound like a hart ; and the stammering tongue will speak plain. 

Because water is burst forth in the desert, and torrents in 

7 a thirsty land ; therefore the glowing sand shall become pools, 
and for the thirsty soil there will be fountains of water. The 

8 reedy beds and the pools there will be the joy of birds. There 
will be there a pure highway, which shall be called The Holy 
way. And the unclean shall not come there ; nor shall there be 
there an unclean way. But as for the dispersed, they shall 

9 travel it, and shall not be led astray. No lion shall be there ; nor 
shall any ravenous beast come up thither, nor ever be found 
there ; but in it the redeemed will walk, and they who have 
been collected for the Lord. They indeed shall return and 
come to Sion with joy, and everlasting joy shall crown their 
head : for on their heads will be praise and rapture ; and glad- 
ness shall have full possession of them. Pain and sorrow and 
sighing are fled. 

XXXVI. IN the fourteenth year of the reign of Ezekias, Sen- 
nacherim king of the Assyrians came up against the fortified 

2 cities of Judea, and took them. And the king of the Assyrians 
sent Rabsakes from Lakes to Jerusalem, to king Ezekias, 
with a great army. And he halted at the canal of the upper 

3 pool in the high way to the fuller's field. And to him went out 
Eliakim the son of Chelkias the steward, and Somnas the 

4 scribe, and Joach son of Asaph the recorder. And Rabsakes 


said to thein, Tell Ezekias, Thus saith the great king, the king 

5 of the Assyrians, On what hast thou placed confidence ? Not- 
withstanding negociation and fair speeches, are not preparati- 
ons making for war ? Now therefore on whom hast thou relied, 

6 that thou rebellest against me ? Behold thy reliance is on that 
staff — that staff of reed — that broken reed, Egypt; on which 
if a man lean, it will pierce his hand and go through it. Such 

7 is Pharao king of Egypt to all who rely on him. But if you 

8 say, " Our confidence is in the Lord our God ; " were you 
now in close connexion with my master the king of the As- 
syrians ; and were I to give you two thousand horses ; could 

9 you put riders on them ? How then can you revolt and affect 
to be petty princes. Those are reduced to slavery who have 

10 trusted in the Egyptians for charioteers and cavalry. Besides, 
are we now come up without the Lord against this land to war 
against it ? The Lord hath said to me, Go up against this land 
and destroy it. 

11 Then Eliakim and Somnas and Joach said to him, Speak 
to thy servants in Syriac, for we understand it. Therefore 
speak not to us in the Jewish language. Why speakest thou 
to the ears of the men on the walls ? 

12 Thereupon Babsakes said to them, Hath my lord sent me 
to your lord or to you to speak these words? Was it not to 
those men — to them who are stationed on that wall, that they 
may eat dung and drink urine, both they and you together? 

13 Then Babsakes stood and cried with a loud voice in the Jew- 
ish language and said, Hear the words of the great king, the 

14 king of the Assyrians, Thus saith the king, Let not Ezekias 

15 deceive you with speeches. He cannot deliver you. ibid let 
not Ezekias say to you, God will deliver you; and this city 
shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of the Assy- 

16 rians. Hearken not to Ezekias. Thus saith the king of the As- 
syrians, If you wish to be happy, come out to me ; and eat, 
every one, of his own vine and his own fig trees, and drink water 

17 from your own cisterns, until I come and take you to a land 
like your own — a land of corn and wine, and of bread and 

18 vineyards. Let not Ezekias deceive you saying, God will de- 
liver you. Have the gods of the nations, delivered every one 
his own country out of the hand of the king of the Assyrians ? 

VOL. II. 3 D 


19 Where is the God of Emath and Arphath? And where is the 
God of the city Eppharnim? Were they able to deliver Sa- 

20 maria ont of my hand? AVho is there of all the gods of the 
nations who hath delivered his country out of my hand, that 

21 God should deliver Jerusalem out of my hand ? But they were 
silent and none answered him a word, because the king had 
given a charge that none should answer. 

22 Then Eliakini the son of Chelkias the steward, and Soin- 
nas the secretary at war and Joach the son of Asaph the re- 
corder went to Ezekias with their clothes rent and told him 

XXXVII. the words of Eabsakes. And when Ezekias heard 
them he rent his clothes and put on sackcloth and went up to 

2 the house of the Lord. And he sent Eliakim the steward and 
Somnas the scribe and the elders of the priests clothed with 
sackcloth to Esaias son of Amos the prophet with this message 

3 to him, Thus saith Ezekias, " This day is a day of trouble and 
of reproach and of rebuke and of wrath ; for pangs are come on 
a woman in travail and she hath not strength to bring forth. 

4 That the Lord thy God may attend to the message of Eab- 
sakes which the king of the Assyrians hath sent to reproach 
the Living God ; and refute the words which the Lord thy 
God hath heard, thou shouldst pray to the Lord for these poor 

5 remains." So when the servants of king Ezekias came to 

6 Esaias he said to them, " Thus shall you say to your lord, Thus 
saith the Lord, Be not terrified at the words which thou hast 
heard ; with which the messengers of the king of the Assy- 

7 rians have reproached me. Behold I am about to put such a 
spirit in him, that he having heard news will return to his 
own country : and he shall fall by the sword in his own land." 

8 So Eabsakes returned and found the king of the Assy- 
rians besieging Lobna, for he heard that he had removed from 
Lachis; and Thoraka king of the Ethiopians came out to give 

9 him battle. Upon hearing this, he retreated, and sent messen- 

10 gers to Ezekias, saying, Thus shall you say to Ezekias king 
of Judea, Let not thy God, on whom thou reliest, deceive 
thee, saying, Jerusalem shall not be delivered into the hand of 

11 the king of the Assyrians. Hast thou not heard what the kings 

12 of the Assyrians have done ? How they have destroyed all the 
land ? And shalt thou be delivered ? Have the gods of the na- 


tions delivered them whom my ancestors destroyed? Either, 
Goza or Charran or Raphath which are in the country of 

13 Theemath? Where are the kings of Emath? And where those 
of Arphath ? And where those of the city Eppharuim, of Ana- 
gougana ? 

14 When Ezekias received the letter from the messengers 
and had read it, he went np to the house of the Lord; and 

15 having spread it before the Lord, Ezekias prayed to the 

16 Lord, saying, "0 Lord of Hosts the God of Israel, who art 
enthroned on the cherubim ! Thou alone art the God of every 

17 kingdom of the world. Thou hast made the heaven and the 
earth. Incline, Lord, thine ear ! Lord, hearken ! Open, O 
Lord, thine eyes ! Lord, look down and behold the words 
of Sennacherim which he hath sent to reproach the Living 

18 God. In truth, Lord, the kings of the Assyrians have laid 
waste this whole inhabited land and the country of those [here 

1 9 mentioned] and have cast their idols into the fire ; for they 
were not gods ; but works of mens' hands, stocks and stones ; 

20 therefore they destroyed them. But now, Lord, our God, 
save us out of their hands that every kingdom of the earth 

21 may know, that thou alone art God." Thereupon Esaias son 
of Amos was sent to Ezekias and said to him, Thus saith the 
Lord the God of Israel, " I have heard the prayer which thou hast 
made to me concerning Sennacherim king of the Assyrians. 
This is the word which the Lord hath spoken concerning 

22 "The virgin daughter of Sion hath despised thee and 
mocked thee ; at thee the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken 

23 her head ; whom hast thou reproached and provoked ? or 
against whom hast thou exalted thy voice, (without lifting up 

24 thine eye to the Holy One of Israel ?) That by thy messengers 
thou hast reproached the Lord? For thou hast said, By the 
multitude of my chariots, I have ascended the height of moun- 
tains, and to the utmost limits of Libanus, and cut down the 
lofty cedar and beautiful cypress, and entered the stately part 

25 of the forest. I have laid bridges and dried up waters and 

26 every collection of water." "Hast thou not heard those things 
of old which I have done? From ancient times I gave com- 
mand and have now pointed out to lay waste nations in stroii g 


27 places and them Avho dwell in fortified cities. I weakened their 
hands and they were dried up, and became like dry grass on 

28 house tops, and like a blasted ear of corn. And now 1 know 

29 thy resting place and thy going out and thy coming in. As the 
rage with which thou hast been inflamed, and thy bitterness 

30 are come up to me ; I will therefore put a hook in thy nose and 
a bridle in thy jaws ; and turn thee back by the way in which 
thou earnest." 

31 Now this shall be a sign to thee. Eat this year what thou 
hast sown, and in the second year what is left ; but in the third 
year sow ye and reap ; plant vineyards and eat the fruit thereof ; 

32 for they who are left shall continue in Judea. They shall strike 
root downwards and bear fruit upwards. For they of Jerusa- 
lem shall be left and they of mount Sion shall be saved. The 

33 zeal of the Lord of Hosts will do this. Therefore thus saith 
the Lord, With regard to the king of the Assyrians, he shall 
not enter this city ; nor shoot an arrow against it ; nor present 

34 against it a shield ; nor enclose it with a rampire. But by the 
way which he came, by the same he shall return ; and into this 

35 city he shall not come. Thus saith the Lord, I will cover this 
city with my shield to save it for mine own sake and the sake 
of my servant David. 

36 So an angel of the Lord went forth and slew of the camp 
of the Assyrians a hundred and eighty five thousand. And 
when they arose in the morning they found all these dead bo- 

37 dies. Thereupon Sennacherim king of the Assyrians retreated 

38 and went and dwelt in Ninive. And as he was worshipping, in his 
house, Nasaraeh his ancestor; Adramelech and Sarousar his 
sons smote him with their swords ; and, they having made their 
escape to Armenia, Asardan his son reigned in his stead. 

XXXVIII. At that time Ezekias was seized with a mortal 
sickness ; and Esaias son of Amos, the prophet, came to him 
and said to him, Thus saith the Lord, Give orders respecting 
thy household, for thou art at the point of death and shall not 

2 live. Thereupon Ezekias turned his face to the wall and pray- 

3 ed to the Lord, saying, "0 Lord, remember how I have 
walked before thee with truth and with an upright heart, and 
have done the things which are pleasing in thy sight." And 

4 Ezekias wept bitterly. And a word of the Lord came to Esaias 

5 saying, Go and say to Ezekias, Thus saith the Lord, the 


God of thy father David, I have heard thy prayer and seen 

6 thy tears, Behold I will add to thy term fifteen years. And I 
will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of 

7 the Assyrians and cover this city with my shield. And this 
shall be a sign to thee from the Lord, that God will perform 

8 this decree. Behold I will bring back the shadow of the steps 
the ten steps of the house of thy father, which the sun hath gone 
down. I will bring back the sun those ten steps. So the sun re- 
ascended the ten steps which the shadow had gone down. 

9 The prayer of Ezekias, king of Judea, when he had been sick, 

and was or covered from his sickness. 

10 I said in the height of my days I shall go down to the gates 

11 of Hades, I shall leave the years which remain. I said, I shall 
no more see the salvation of God in the land of the living ; I 
shall no more see the salvation of Israel on the earth ; I shall 

12 behold man no more. I am cut off from my generation, I have 
left the remainder of my life. He is gone and departed from 
me, like one striking a tent, having just pitched it. My soul 
within me was like a web which the weaver was in act to se- 
ver from the loom. 

13 In that day I was delivered up until morning as to a lion. 
So did he break to pieces all my bones. For from day to 

14 night I was delivered up. Like a swallow so let me twitter; 
and like a turtle dove so let me moan ; for mine eyes were too 
weak to look up to the vault of heaven — to the Lord who hath 

16 rescued me and taken from me the sorrow of my soul. Of this 
indeed thou, O Lord, wast told, and thou hast restored my 

17 breath and I am comforted and live. For thou hast rescued 
my soul that it should not perish; and hast cast behind thee 

18 all my sins. For those in the mansion of the dead cannot praise 
thee ; nor can the dead return thee thanks, nor they in Hades 

19 hope for thy kindness. The living will praise thee even as I do ; 

20 for from this day I shall raise up children, who will proclaim 
this lovingkindness of thine, God of my salvation ; and I will 
never cease praising thee with a psaltery, all the days of my 
life over against the house of God. 

21 Now Esaias had said to Ezekias, Take a cake of figs and 

22 bruise and apply it as a poultice and thou shalt recover. Where- 
upon Ezekias said, Let this be a sign to Ezekias, that I shall 
go up to the house of God. 


XXXIX. AT the time when Marodach Baladan the son of 
Baladan the king of Babylon sent letters and ambassadors and 

2 presents to Ezekias (for he heard that he had been sick unto 
death and had recovered :) and Ezekias was rejoiced at their ar- 
rival and shewed them the house of Nechotha and that of the sil- 
ver and of the gold ; and that for stacte, and for perfumes and for 
myrrh ; and all the treasure houses and all that he had in his trea- 

3 suries ; there being nothing in his house nor in all his dominion 
which Ezekias did not shew them ; Esaias the prophet then went 
to king Ezekias and said to him, What say those men? And, 
whence are they come to thee ? And Ezekias said, They are 

4 come to me from a far distant land, from Babylon. And Esai- 
as said, What have they seen in thy house ? To which Ezeki- 
as replied, They have seen all that are in my house. There is 
nothing in my house which they have not seen : nay, they have 

5 seen also what are in my treasuries. Thereupon Esaias said to 

6 him, Hear the word of the Lord of hosts ! Behold days are 
coming, when they shall seize all that are in thy house. And 
all that thy fathers have collected even to this day shall go to 

7 Babylon ; and nothing shall be left behind. Moreover God hath 
said, That of thy children whom thou shalt beget, they will 
take some and make them eunuchs in the house of the king of 

8 the Babylonians. And Ezekias said to Esaias, Good is the 
word of the Lord wihch he spake : let there be, I pray, peace 
and righteousness in my days. 

XL. Sec. 1 COMFORT ye, comfort ye my people, saith 

2 God : priests, speak to the understanding of Jerusalem ; com- 
fort her ; for her humiliation is accomplished ; her iniquity is 
pardoned : for she hath received from the hand of the Lord 
[blessings] double to the punishment of her sins. 

3 A voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare the way 

4 of the Lord ; make straight the roads for our God. Let every 
valley be filled up, and every mountain and hill be levelled : and 
let all the crooked be made a straight road, and the rough way, 

5 smooth plains : and the glory of the Lord will appear : And all 
flesh shall see the salvation of God. For the Lord hath spoken. 

6 "A voice of one saying, Proclaim." Wherefore I said, 
What shall I proclaim ? " All flesh is grass ; and all the glory of 


8 man as a flower of grass. The grass is withered and the flower 
fallen ; but the word of our God will endure forever." 

9 Ascend a lofty mountain, thou who proclaimest good news 
to Sion : exalt thy voice with strength, thou who bringest glad 
tidings to Jerusalem : raise it up ; be not afraid ; say to the cities 

10 of Juda, Behold, your God! behold the Lord! The Lord is 
coming with majesty ; and his arm with dominion. Behold his 

11 reward is with him ; and his work, before him. Like a shep- 
herd he will tend his flock ; and with his arm he will gather the 
lambs, and comfort the ewes that are with young. 

12 Who hath measured the water with his hand, and the hea- 
ven with a span and the whole earth with a hand breadth ? Who 
hath weighed the mountains in scales and the dales with a ba- 

13 lance? Wlio hath known the mind of the Lord? and who hath 

14 been of his counsel to teach him ? or whom hath he consulted that 
he might instruct him? or who hath pointed out judgment to 

15 him ? or who hath shewn him the way of knowledge ? If all the 
nations are as a drop from a cask ; and are accounted as the 

16 turning of a balance — may be reckoned as spittle ; if Lebanon is 
not sufficient for a fire, nor all the beasts sufficient for an ho- 

17 mage offering : and all the nations are as nothing and reckoned 

18 as nothing : to whom have you likened the Lord ? and to what 

19 likeness have you compared him? Hath a carpenter when he 
hath made an image, or the goldsmith when he hath melted 

20 gold and gilded it, prepared this as a likeness of him ? for the 
carpenter chuseth a sound piece of timber and will inquire 
wisely, how he may place his image that it may not be moved. 

21 Will you not know ? will you not hear ? hath it not been told 
you from the beginning ? have you not known the foundations 

22 of the earth ? He it is, who occupieth the circuit of the earth ; 
and the inhabitants thereon are as grasshoppers. He it is, who es- 
tablished the heaven as an arch, and spread it out as a tent to 

23 be dwelt in ; who giveth chiefs as a nothingness to govern : 

24 and hath made the earth as a mere nothing. For they could not 
plant nor could they sow, nor could their root strike into the 
ground ; he blew upon them and they withered, and a whirlwind 
will sweep them away like stubble. 

25 Now therefore to whom have you likened me ; that I may 

26 be exalted ? said the Holy One. Kaise your eyes upwards and 


take a view : who hath displayed all those ? He who bringeth out 
his host by number can call them all by name. On the account 
of abundant glory, by reason of the mightiness of his power 

27 he hath in no wise escaped thy notice ; wherefore, thou, Jacob, 
shouldst not say, yet what hast thou, Israel, spoken? "My 
way is hidden from God " and, " My God hath put off my cause 

28 and is gone." Hast thou then not known ? hast thou not heard ? 
The everlasting God, the God who fitted up the ends of the 
earth, cannot hunger, nor can he be weary ; nor can his under- 

29 standing be searched out. He it is who giveth strength to the 

30 hungry and grief to them who have not had sorrow. For 
youths will hunger and young men be weary, and chosen war- 

31 riors will become strengthless ; but they who wait upon God 
shall have new strength ; they shall put forth fresh feathers 
like eagles ; they shall run and not be wearied ; they shall march 
on and shall not faint. 

XLI. (J) Dedicate yourselves to me, Islands, for the 
Archons will gather new strength. Let them draw near and 
confer together, then let them announce judgment. 

2 Who raised up righteousness from the East — called upon 
it to attend his steps ? when he marcheth on, he will exhibit it 
before nations and confound kings and dash their swords to 
the ground, and their bows shall be driven away like stubble. 

3 When he pursueth them, the road for his feet shall pass 

4 through to peace. Who hath performed and done these things ? 
He who called that righteousness — who from the generations 
of the beginning is calling it — I God the First, and to the suc- 
ceeding ages, THE I AM. 

5 The nations saw and were affrighted ; the ends of the earth 

6 drew near and came together. Every one is determining to 
help his neighbour and his brother, and one will say, The 

7 carpenter had strength, so had the smith who beateth with a 
hammer and plateth it. Sometimes indeed one will say, " It is 
a beautiful composition ? " These things they made strong with 
nails ; they will fix them up that they may not be moved : but 

8 thou Israel my servant ; thou Jacob, whom I have chosen ; 

9 thou seed of Abraham whom I loved ! have I not taken thee 
from the ends of the earth, and from the speculations thereof 
called thee, and said to thee, Thou art my servant I have cho- 


10 sen tbee and have not forsaken thee. Fear not, for I am with 
thee ; be not led astray, for I am thy God. I have strengthened 
thee and helped thee, and secured thee with my just right 

11 hand. Behold all thine adversaries shall be ashamed and con- 
founded ; for they shall be as nothing and all thine opponents 

12 shall be destroyed. Thou mayst seek but thou shalt not find 
the men, who through drunkenness will dare to insult thee. 
For they shall be as mere nothing : and they who war against 

13 thee shall be no more. For I am thy God, who have hold 

14 of thy right hand, and who say to thee, Fear not, Jacob, 
diminutive Israel ! I have helped thee, saith thy God, 

15 who redeemeth thee, Israel. Behold I have made thee 
like the wheels of a wain bruising to pieces a brood of pige- 

16 ons : thou indeed shalt grind mountains and reduce hills to 
small pieces, and make them like dust : and thou shalt win- 
now them ; and a wind shall take them up, and a whirl- 
wind shall sweep them away ; but thou shalt be gladdened 

17 in the sanctuaries of Israel ; and the poor and the needy 
shall exult with joy : for when they shall seek water and 
there shall be none, and their tongue is parched with thirst ; I 
the Lord their God, I the God of Israel will hear and will not 

18 forsake them ; but will open rivers on the mountains, and foun- 
tains in the midst of plains : I will turn the wilderness into wa- 

19 tery fens, and with streams refresh the thirsty ground. And I 
will plant in the dry wilderness the cedar and box, the myrtle 

20 and cypress and elm : that they may see and know, and consi- 
der and understand at once that the hand of the Lord hath 
done these things; even what the Holy One of Israel hath 
pointed out. 

21 The trial of you is near, saith the Lord God ; your coun- 

22 cils are nigh at hand, saith the king of Jacob ; let them draw 
near and tell you what will happen, or such things as these be- 
fore they come to pass. Tell us that we may apply our under- 
standing, and that we may know the final issue, and the train 

23 of events leading to it. Tell us, announce to us the things in 
successive train to the issue ; and we will acknowledge that 
you are gods. Confer favours and inflict punishments, and we 

24 will pay respect and see at once, that wherever you are thence 
is your operation. 

VOL. II. 3 E 


They have chosen you an abomination from the earth ; 

25 but I have raised up that one from the north, and that other 
from the risings of the sun ; they shall be called by my name : 
let the Archons come, and as the clay of the potter — even as a 

26 potter treadeth clay so shall you be trampled down. Who now 
can tell these things from the beginning, that we may know, 
even these things before hand : that we may say, The predic- 
tion is true. There is none who predicteth, nor doth any one 

27 hear your words. I will first give notice to Sion and I will 

28 comfort Jerusalem on the way. For of the nations behold 
there is none, and of the idols none giveth warning. And 
should I ask them, Whence are you? They could not make 

29 me any answer. For are these they who made you ? They 
are indeed those who vainly lead you astray. 

XLIL Sect. 2. (J) JACOB is my servant, I will uphold him, 

Israel is my chosen one, my soul hath embraced him ; I have 

put my spirit upon him ; he will publish judgment to the na- 

2 tions. He will not scream, nor urge with vehemence : nor 

8 will his voice be heard abroad in the streets. A bruised reed 
he will not break, nor extinguish a dimly burning taper ; but 

4 will publish judgment to establish truth. He will shine out, 
and shall not be broken until he hath established judgment on 
the earth. In his name therefore let the nations trust. 

5 Thus saith the Lord, the God who made the heaven and fix- 
ed it ; who established the earth and the things therein and who 
giveth vital air to the people on it, and breath to them who tread 

(5 thereon ; I the Lord God have called thee for saving mercy, and 
I will take hold of thy hand and strengthen thee ; for I have 
given thee for the covenant of a race — for the light of nations : 

7 to open the eyes of the blind ; to lead out from chains them who 
are bound, and out of prison, them who are sitting in darkness. 

S I am the Lord God ; this is my name : this glory of mine 
I will not give to another, nor these powers of mine to the 

9 graven idols. With regard to the former predictions, behold 
they are come to pass ; and these are new things which I 
now declare ; and before their promulgation, they are revealed 
to you. 


10 (p) Sing to the Lord a new sung, ye, his government ! praise 
his name, ye from the utmost border of the earth, ye who go 
clown on the sea and navigate it, ye islands, and ye who dwell 

11 therein. Let the desert be glad and the villages thereof; the 
folds for flocks and them who inhabit Kedar: let the inhabi- 
tants of Petra rejoice ; let them shout from the top of the 

12 mountains : to this God let them ascribe glory ; let them pro- 

13 claim his powers among the isles. The Lord God of Hosts 
will come forth and tread down battle ; he will rouse up his 
zeal, and shout against his enemies with majesty. 

14 (J) I have been silent ; but shall I always keep silence 
and forbear ? Like a woman in travail I have endured suffer- 

15 ing ; I will strike with astonishment and wither at once. I will 
lay waste mountains and hills, and dry up all the herbage on 

16 them. I will make rivers islands and dry up pools, and lead 
the blind in a way which they know not, and cause them to 
walk in paths which they have not known. For them I will 
make the darkness light, and the crooked ways a straight road. 

17 These things 1 will do, and I will not forsake them : but as 
for them they have turned backwards ! be whelmed in shame, 
ye who trust in graven images— who say to the molten images, 
ye are our gods. 

18 (p) Hear, ye deaf; and ye blind, look up that you may 
see. — 

19 (J) Who indeed is blind but my servants ? And deaf, but 
those who rule over them? Even the servants of God are be- 

20 come blind. You have seen again and again but have not re- 
garded : your ears have been opened, but you did not hear. 

21 (p) The Lord God came to a determination, that he might 

22 be justified and might magnify praise. Whereupon I beheld 
and the people were plundered and dispersed : for the snare 
was every where in the private chambers, and in the houses 
also where they had hidden themselves. They were for a prey 
and there was no rescuer — for a spoil ; and there was none 

23 who said, Kestore. Who is there among you who will give 

24 ear to these things ? Attend to those leading causes, for which 
he hath given Jacob for a spoil, and Israel to them who plun- 

(J) Jehovah, (p) the prophet. 


dered him. Hath not God, against whoni they sinned, and in 

whose ways they would not walk, and whose law they would 
25 not obey — hath not he brought upon them his fierce anger ? 

(J) Though war prevailed over them, and they who were 

burning them up were all around, yet they did not, any of them, 
XLIII. know, nor lay it to heart. Still however thus saith the 

Lord, the God who made thee Jacob, and who formed thee, 

Israel ! fear not. Because I have redeemed thee — have call- 

2 ed thee by thy name— thou art mine; therefore when thou 
passest through water, I am with thee, and the streams shall 
not overwhelm thee : and when thou passest through fire, 
thou shalt not be burned up — the flame shall not quite con- 
sume thee. 

3 Because I the Lord thy God, the Holy One of Israel am 
thy Saviour, I have given Egypt for thy ransom and Ethiopia 

4 and Soena in thy stead. Because thou hast been precious in 
my sight — hast been honoured and I loved thee ; therefore 

5 I will give men for thee and chiefs for thy life. Fear not. Be- 
cause I am with thee, from the east I will bring thy seed, and 

6 gather thee together from the west : I will say to the north, 
" Give up " and to the south, " Keep thou not back ; bring 
my sons from afar and my daughters from the ends of the 

7 earth — all that are called by my name." For I have prepared 

8 him for my glory, I have fashioned him and made him, and 
have brought out a blind people : for their eyes are as if they 
were blind ; and they are deaf, though they have ears. 

9 (p) All the nations were assembled together ; now let all 
the archons be assembled : can any among them announce 
these things ? Or can any tell you these things before hand ? 
Let them produce their witnesses and be justified, and let them 
hear and tell things true. 

10 (J) Be you witnesses for me : and as for me I myself am 
a witness saith the Lord God ; and this servant of mine whom 

1 have chosen ; that you may know and believe and under- 
stand that with respect to me, The I am, There is no other 

11 God before me ; and after me none will exist. I am God and 

12 there is no Saviour besides me. I have announced and saved ; 
I reproached when there was no strange god among you. You 

lo are witnesses for me ; and I the Lord am still the same God 


from the beginning ; and there is none who can rescue out of 

14 my hands. I will act; and who can prevent it — Thus saith 
the Lord, the God who redeemed you, the Holy One of Is- 
rael ; For your sakes I will send to Babylon, and rouse up all 
who are fleeing; and the Chaldeans shall be bound in ships. 

15 I am the Lord God, your Holy One, who pointed out Israel 
your king. 

16 Thus saith the Lord who made a highway in a sea, and a path 

17 in the mighty water ; who brought out chariots and horses and a 
mighty host, but they lay down to sleep and shall rise no more : 

18 they were extinguished like an extinguished taper. Mention 
not these former things, nor reason from the things of old. Be- 

19 hold I am in act to do new things, which shall now spring up 
and you shall know them— I will make a way in the wilderness, 

20 and streams of water in the desert. The wild beasts of the field 
will bless me — the Seirens and the daughters of the ostrich ; 
because I have given water in the wilderness, and flowing 
streams in the desert, to give drink to this race of mine which 

21 I have chosen — my people whom I have preserved to recount 
my praises. 

22 I had not now called upon thee, Jacob, nor caused thee 

23 Israel, to weary thyself : thou hadst not brought me thy sheep 
of thy whole burnt offering; nor honoured me with thine in- 
cense offerings : I had not burdened thee with sacrifices of 

24 flour ; nor wearied thee with demands of frankincense : nor 
hadst thou purchased with silver perfumes for me ; nor had I 
desired the suet of thy sacrifices: but thou stoodest before 

25 me in thy sins and in thine iniquities. I even I, THE I AM, 
am he who blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake ; 

26 and of thy sins I will no more make mention : but do thou 
mention them and let us be judged ; do thou first state thy 
transgressions, that thou mayst be acquitted. 

27 Your fathers first, then your chiefs transgressed against 

28 me. When the chiefs polluted my sanctuary, then I gave up 
XLIY. Jacob to be destroyed, and Israel to reproach. But now, 

hear, Jacob my servant, and thou Israel, whom I have cho- 

2 sen ; Thus saith the Lord, the God who made thee, and who 

formed thee from the womb, still thou shalt be helped. Fear 

not, thou my servant Jacob, and thou, beloved Israel, whom 


3 I have chosen : for I will give water in their thirst to them who 
are travelling in a desert. I will put rny spirit on thy seed, and 

4 my blessings on thy children ; and they shall spring up like 
grass among water, and like a willow by the side of a flowing 

5 stream. One will say, " I belong to God ; " and another will 
call himself by the name of Jacob ; and another will write on 
his hand, " I belong to God ; " and will surname himself by 
the name of Israel. 

6 Sect. 3. THUS saith God, the King of Israel, and his Ke- 
deemer, the God of Hosts, I am the first and I am the last : be- 

7 sides me there is no God. Who is like me ? Let him stand up 
and call and announce, and make ready for me : In as much as 
I have made a man for this age, let them now tell you the 

8 train of events before they come to pass. Hide not yourselves 
nor be led astray. Have you not heard from the beginning ? 
And have I not told you ? You are witnesses whether there be 
any God besides me. And have not then the fashioners and 

9 engravers heard ? They are all fools making things to please 

10 their fancies — things which cannot profit them : but shame 
shall cover these god makers, and all the engravers of these 

11 useless things. When all by whom they were made are dried 
up ; then let all the stupid among men be collected and stand 
together, and let them be confounded and ashamed together : 

12 for the carpenter sharpened an axe, with a hatchet he model- 
led it ; then he put it into a lathe and with his strong arm fash- 
ioned it. Though he be hungry and faint, he must not drink 

13 The carpenters having chosen a piece of wood framed it 
by rule and glued the parts together, and made it in the form 
of a man and with the comeliness of a man, to set it in a house. 

14 He cut wood from the forest which the Lord planted — a pine 

15 tree, which the rain had nourished, that it might be fuel for the 
use of man : and having taken some of it he warmed himself ; 
and with other pieces they made a fire and baked cakes, and 

16 of the residue they made gods and worshipped them. Did he 
not burn half of it in the fire, and, with the coals of that half, 
bake cakes ; and having roasted meat with it did he not eat and 
was satisfied ; and when warmed say, " Aha ! I am warmed, I 


17 have enjoyed the fire ? " Yet of the residue he made a carved 
god, and worshippeth it, and prayeth to it, saying, " Deliver 
me, for thou art my God." 

18 They had not sense to think ; for they were so involved in 
darkness that they could not see with their eyes, nor under- 

19 stand with their hearts : nor did any reason in his mind, nor by 
his understanding recollect, that he had burned half of it in the 
fire, and on the coals thereof baked cakes, and had roasted 
flesh and eaten, and of the residue had made an abomination ; 

20 so they bow themselves down to it. Know thou that their 
heart is ashes, and they are led astray and none can deliver his 
soul. Take a view of it, will you not say, " There is indeed 
a lie in my right hand ? " 

21 Kemember these things, Jacob, even thou Israel, for 
thou art my servant. I have made thee my servant ; therefore 

22 O Israel do not thou forget me. For, lo ! I have made thy 
transgressions vanish like a cloud — and thy sins like the mur- 
ky vapour. Return to me and I will redeem thee. 

23 (c) Rejoice, O heavens ! because God hath compassionat- 
ed Israel. Utter sounds of joy, ye foundations of the earth ! 
Burst forth into songs, ye mountains and hills, and all ye trees 
which are thereon! Because God hath redeemed Jacob and 
Israel shall be glorified. 

2-1 Sect. 4. (J) THUS saith the Lord, who redeemed thee — 
even He who formed thee from the womb ; I am the Lord the 
Maker of all things ; I alone stretched out the heavens and 

25 firmly established the earth. Who else can dispel from the 
heart the signs of belly speakers and divinations ? I am he who 

26 turneth sages backwards and maketh their counsel foolish ; but 
establisheth the word of his servant, and verifieth the counsel 
of his messengers — who saith to Jerusalem, "Thou shalt be 
inhabited ; " and to the cities of Idumea, " Ye shall be re- 

27 builded, and in its deserts vegetation shall spring up : " Who 
saith to the deep, Thou shalt be wasted, and I will dry up the 

28 rivers : who saith, to Cyrus [I will give] wisdom, and he shall 
execute all my pleasure. Who saith to Jerusalem, " Thou 

(c) the chorus. 


shalt be rebuilded and the house dedicated to me I will found. 
XLV. Thus saith the Lord God, For mine anointed, for Cyrus, 
(whose right hand I have taken hold of that nations may lis- 
ten before him) I will break the power of kings ; I will open 

2 gates before him, and cities shall not be shut up. I will go be- 
fore thee and level mountains ; I will break in pieces the gates 

3 of brass, and burst asunder the bars of iron ; and give thee trea- 
sures of darkness — deep, hidden, unseen treasures I will dis- 
close to thee, that thou mayst know, that I, the Lord thy God, 
who calleth thee by thy name, am the God of Israel. 

4 For the sake of my servant Jacob, and of Israel my cho- 
sen one, I will call thee by thy name and receive thee kindly. 

5 As for thee, thou didst not know me. Because I am the Lord 
God and there is no God else besides me ; I strengthened thee 

6 when thou didst not know me ; that they from the risings of 
the sun and they from its goings down may know, that there is 
no God besides me. I the Lord am God and there is none else. 

7 It was I who provided light and made darkness ; who make 
peace and create evils : I the Lord God am he who doth all 
these things. 

8 (c) Let the heaven above be glad ; and the clouds shower 
down righteousness. Let the earth spring and bloom with 
mercy and let it cause righteousness to spring up with it. 

9 (J) I the Lord am he who created thee. Is any thing en- 
dowed with excellence ? I fashioned it like the clay of a pot- 
ter. Will the ploughman plough the ground all the day long ? 
Will the clay say to the potter, " What art thou making ? Or 
the work to the workman, " Thou hast not hands." Will the 

10 thing formed reply against him who formed it ? Will one say 
to his father, What wilt thou beget ? Or to his mother, What 

11 art thou bringing forth ? Wherefore thus saith the Lord God, 
the Holy One of Israel, even he who made the train of events ; 
Do you question \ me concerning my children ; and concerning 

12 the works of my hands give me directions ! It was I who made 
the earth and man on it : it was I who with my hand establish- 

13 ed the heaven : it was I who gave direction to all the stars. It 
is I who have raised him up with righteousness to be king ; 
and all his ways shall be straight. He shall rebuild this city of 
mine, and send back the captives of this my people, not for 
ransom nor reward, said the Lord of Hosts. 


14 Thus saitk the Lord of Hosts, That for which Egypt la- 
boured aud the traffick of the Ethiopians, and the Sabeans men 
of tall stature shall come over to thee ; and they shall be thy 
vassals and shall follow thee bound with chains. They will 
come over to thee and pay thee homage and pray to thee be- 
cause God is in thee. 

15 (c) There is indeed no God besides thee. For thou art 

16 God and we knew it. The God of Israel is a Saviour : let all 
that oppose him be ashamed and confounded and in shame let 
them march along. 

1 7 (J) Dedicate yourselves to me, ye islands ! The Lord 

hath saved Israel with an everlasting salvation. They shall not 

18 be put to shame nor confounded any more forever. Thus saith 
the Lord who made the heaven, the same God who displayed 
the earth to view, and who, having made it, parcelled it out : he 
did not make it to be waste, but formed it to be inhabited : I 

19 am the Lord and there is none else. I have not spoken in se- 
cret nor in an obscure part of the earth. I have not said to the 
seed of Jacob, Seek ye a vain thing. I am THE I AM, the 

20 Lord, who speak righteousness and proclaim truth. Assemble 
yourselves together and come ; consult together ye who escape 
from among the nations. They are devoid of knowledge, who 
carry the wood — their carved image; and who pray to gods 

2 i which cannot save them. If they will proclaim, let them draw 

near and know at once, who hath published these things from 
the beginning : then let them be announced to you. I am God 
and there is no other besides me ; a just God and a saviour be- 

22 sides me there is none. Turn to me and ye shall be saved, ye 
from the farthest part of the earth, I am God and there is none 

23 else. By myself I swear (righteousness shall proceed from my 
mouth ; my words shall not be reversed) that to me every knee 
shall bow and every tongue shall swear, with respect to God, 

24 saying, Kighteousness and glory shall come to him, and all that 

25 make distinctions among them shall be ashamed. On account 
of the Lord they shall be acquitted ; and in God all the seed of 
Israel will glory. 

XLVI. Sect. 5. BEL is fallen ; Nabo is broken to pieces, 
Their graven images were a load for wild beasts and cattle, 
VOL. ii. 3 F 


You are carrying them bound like a burden on the weary, 

2 fainty, and hungry, who are all without strength and unable to 
escape from battle ; and as for them, they are carried away 
captives ! 

3 Hearken to me house of Jacob and all ye remnant of 
Israel, who have been carried from the womb, and instructed 

4 from childhood to old age ; I am the self existent, even till you 
grow old, I am, I sustain you : I made you and I will bear with 

5 you ; I will lift you up and I will save you. To what have you 

6 likened me ? Look ! Contrive, ye wanderers ! Collecting gold 
from a bag, and silver by weight they will put it in a balance ; 
and having hired a goldsmith they made handiworks and 

7 bowing themselves down they will worship them. They carry 
it on the shoulder and move on ; but if they set it in its place, 
there it remaineth. It cannot move itself. And if any one cry 
to it, it cannot hear, nor can it save him from evils. 

8 Kemember these things and groan ; reform, ye who have 

9 been led astray : return with the heart and remember the things 

10 of old, that I am G-od and there is none besides me, who can 
declare events before they happen, as if they were already ac- 
complished. When I have spoken, all my counsel shall stand ; 

11 and all that I have determined, I will effect. Calling from the 
east a winged fowl, even from a far distant land, for purposes 
which I have resolved on, I have spoken and brought, I have 
created and made, I have brought it and made its way pros- 

12 Hear me, ye who have lost understanding — who are far 

13 from righteousness ! I have brought my saving mercy near ; and 
the salvation which is from me I will not delay. I have placed 
in Sion salvation for Israel, for a subject of glory. 

XL VII. Come down, sit on the ground, Virgin daughter of 
Babylon ! Sit on the ground, daughter of the Chaldeans ! for 

2 thou shalt no more be called tender and delicate ! Take a mill- 
stone and grind corn. Doff thy veil ; uncover thy grey locks. 

3 Make bare thy leg : wade through rivers. Thy shame shall be 
exposed ; thy nakedness shall be seen. 

4 This vengeance I will take on thy account and no more de- 
liver thee up to men. Thy deliverer is the Lord of Hosts, his 
name is the Holy One of Israel. 


5 Sit in compunction : enter into darkness, daughter of 
the Chaldeans ! thou shalt no more be called the strength of a 

6 kingdom. I was angry with my people : thou didst pollute my 
heritage, I delivered them into thy hand : and thou didst shew 
them no mercy. The yoke of the aged thou madest very hea- 

7 vy, and saidst, I shall be empress forever. These things did 
not enter thy heart ; nor didst thou call to mind what might at 

8 last befal thee. Now, therefore, hear these things, thou vo- 
luptuary ! thou who art seated at ease, who thinkest thyself 
secure ; who sayest in thy heart ; " I am and there is none else. 
I shall not sit a widow, nor shall I know the loss of children." 

9 But now upon thee shall come these two things, suddenly, in one 
day. The loss of children and widowhood shall come suddenly 
on thee, in the midst of thy sorcery, in the full strength of thy 

10 mighty enchantments. Confiding in thy wickedness thou indeed 
saidst ; " I am and there is none else." Know thou, the consci- 
ousness of these things and thy whoredom shall be thy shame. 

11 Thou indeed saidst in thy heart, " I am and there is none else ; " but 
upon thee shall come destruction, and thou shalt not know — 
a pit ; and into it thou shalt fall. Yes, upon thee shall come mi- 
sery, of which thou shalt not be able to rid thyself : and destruc- 
tion shall come upon thee suddenly of which thou wilt have no 

12 apprehension. Persist now in thine incantations and in thy 
manifold sorcery, which thou hast learned from thy youth : if 

13 thou canst be benefited by them. Thou hast wearied thyself 
with thy counsels : let the astrologers now stand up and save 
thee — let them who gaze on the stars tell thee what is instant- 

14 ly coming upon thee. Behold like brambles on a fire they shall 
all be burned up ; and shall not deliver their own life from the 
flame. Seeing thou hast coals of fire, sit upon them ; will they 

15 give thee relief? Thou hast wearied thyself with this traffic from 
thy youth. The men have wandered away, every one to his 
own home ; but for thee there shall be no safety. 

XLVIII. Hear these things, ye house of Jacob, ye who are 
called by the name of Israel ! ye who are descendants of Juda ! 
ye who swear by the name of the Lord God of Israel, making 
2 mention of it, but not with truth, nor with righteousness ; and who 
stay themselves on the name of this holy city, and rely for sup- 
port on the God of Israel, whose name is the Lord of Hosts. 


3 I have already told you former things : when they proceed- 
ed from my mouth and were published, I did them speedily 

4 and they came to pass. I know that thou art of an untractable 
temper, that thy neck is a sinew of iron and thy brow, brass ; 

5 therefore I told thee beforehand what would come upon thee ; 
I published them that thou mightest not say, " The idols have 
done this to me," nor say, " The graven or molten images have 

6 ordered it for me," you have heard all these things, and did 
not yourselves know them. But now I have made thee hear 

7 new things, which shall hereafter come to pass. Yet hast thou 
not said, " Things done now and not formerly ! " Yes, never in 
former days didst thou hear these things. Thou shouldst not 

8 say, " Indeed I know them." Thou didst neither know nor didst 
thou believe, nor did I from the beginning open thine ear : for 
I knew that, being in rebellion, thou wilt continue to rebel and 
wilt still be called a transgressor from the womb. 

9 For mine own name's sake I will shew thee my wrath, and 
bring upon thee my marvellous things ; that I may not cut thee 

10 off utterly. Behold I sold thee ; but not for money ; and I have 

11 rescued thee out of the furnace of affliction. For mine own sake 
I will deal with thee ; because my name hath been profaned, 
and my glory I will not give to another. 

12 Hearken to me, Jacob ! and thou Israel whom I call. I 

13 am the first and am forever. My hand hath founded the earth, 
and my right hand hath established the heaven. Let me sum- 

14 mon them and let them stand together. Let them all be assem- 
bled and listen. Who hath told them these things ? I who love 
thee have executed thy will on Babylon, to take away the seed 

15 of the Chaldeans. I have spoken, I have called, I have brought 

16 him, and have made his way prosperous. Draw near to me 
and hear these things : from the beginning I have not spoken in 
secret. When it was doing I was there. And now the Lord 
Lord hath sent me and his spirit. 

17 Thus saith the Lord who hath redeemed thee, the Holy One 
of Israel, I am thy God. I pointed out to thee, how to find the 

18 way in which thou shouldst walk. And hadst thou hearkened to 
my commandments thy peace would have been like a river 

19 and thy righteousness like a wave of the sea; and thy seed 
would have been as the sand, and the issue of thy bowels as 


the dust of the ground. Still however thou shalt not be utterly 

20 cut off; nor shall thy name perish from before me. Haste out 
of Babylon! flee from the Chaldeans : proclaim the joyful news : 
and let this be published. Proclaim even to the end of the 
earth— Say "The Lord hath delivered his servant Jacob; and 
if they shall thirst (for he will lead them through a desert) a 
rock shall be cleft and water shall gush forth, that my people 

21 may drink." There is no peace, saith the Lord, for the wicked. 

XLIX. Sect. 6. (M) HEABKEN to me, isles ; and ye 
nations attend ! (After a long time one will stand up saith the 

From my mother's womb he mentioned my name and 

2 made my mouth like a sharp sword and hid me under the co- 
ver of his hand. He made me like a chosen shaft, and in his 

3 quiver kept me concealed, and said to me, " Thou Israel art 
4- my servant, and by thee I shall be glorified." Whereupon I 

said, I have laboured in vain ; for vanity and for nought I have 
spent my strength ; therefore my cause is with the Lord ; and 
my labour is before my God. And now thus saith the Lord 
who formed me from the womb. To be his servant to gather 
Jacob to him, and Israel. I shall be gathered and glorified be- 

6 fore the Lord. And my God will be my strength. Moreover 
he said to me, Is it a great thing for thee to be called my ser- 
vant to re-establish the tribes of Jacob and bring back the dis- 
persion of Israel ? Behold I have given thee for the covenant of 
a race— for the light of nations ; that thou mayst be for salvation 
to the farthest part of the earth. 

7 Thus saith the Lord who delivered thee— the God of Isra- 
el, " Hallow him who despised his life, him who was abhorred 
by the nations, the slaves of the Archons. Kings shall see him 
and chiefs shall rise up and they shall worship him for the sake 
of the Lord ; because the Holy One of Israel is faithful, there- 
fore I have chosen thee. 

8 Thus saith the Lord, " In an acceptable time I have heark- 
ened to thee, and in a day of salvation helped thee ; and have 
formed thee and given thee for the covenant of nations that 
thou mayst reduce the earth to order and possess desolate he- 

(M) The Messiah 


9 ritages, saying to them who are in bonds, Go forth ; and to 
them who are in darkness, " Come into light." In all the high- 
ways they shall be fed, and there shall be pasture for them in 

10 all the paths. They shall not hunger nor shall they thirst, nor 
shall the burning wind nor the sun smite them ; but he who 
hath compassion on them will comfort them and lead them to 

11 bursting springs of water. And I will make every mountain a 

12 highway, and every path a pasture for them. Behold they from 
afar shall come, some from the north and the west and others 
from the land of the Persians." 

13 (c) Kejoice heavens ; and let the earth be glad, let the 
mountains resound with bursts of joy ; for God hath compas- 
sionated his people, and comforted those of his people who 
were afflicted. 

14 (M) Hath Sion then said, " The Lord hath quite forsaken 

15 me," and, " Why hath the Lord forgotten me ? " can a wo- 
man forget her child ? or not have compassion on the offspring 
of her womb ? Grant that a woman may forget even these, but 

10 I will not forget thee, said the Lord. Behold I have engraven 
thy walls on my hands ; and thou art continually before me. 

17 And thou shalt be speedily rebuilt by them who destroyed thee ; 

18 and they who laid thee waste shall become thine offspring. Look 
up with thine eyes all around and view them all ; behold they 
are gathered together and coming to thee. As I live saith the 
Lord, Thou shalt clothe thyself with them all, as with rai- 

19 ment, and wrap them about thee as a bride doth her dress. Be- 
cause thy waste and desolate and ruinated places will now be 
too narrow for the inhabitants, and they who devoured thee 

20 shall be removed far from thee ; therefore thy sons whom thou 
hast lost will say in thine ears, This place is too strait for me : 

21 make room for me, where I may dwell. Whereupon thou wilt 
say in thy heart, Who hath begotten these for me ? I indeed 
was childless and a widow, Who then hath brought up these 
for me ? I was abandoned and alone ; whence then have I these ? 

22 Thus saith the Lord, Lord, Behold I will lift up my hand 
to the nations, and I will erect my standard for the isles. And 
they shall bring thy sons in their bosoms and carry thy daugh- 

23 ters on their shoulders : and kings shall be thy foster fathers ; 
and their queens thy nursing mothers. And on the face of the 


ground they shall pay thee homage, and lick the dust of thy 
feet. And thou shalt know that I am the Lord, and that they 
who wait for me shall not be ashamed. 

24 (a) Can any one take spoils from a giant ? 

(b) And if any one captivate unjustly shall he be safe. 

25 For thus saith the Lord, When one captivateth a giant he shall 
take spoils. 

(a) But can one take from a mighty man and be safe ? 

(b) But it is I who vindicateth thy cause, and I will de- 

26 liver thy children. And they who afflicted thee shall eat their 
own flesh, and drink like new wine their own blood and be 
made drunk ; and all flesh shall know that it is I the Lord who 
delivered thee. And who uphold the strength of Israel. 

L. Thus saith the Lord, Of what sort was the bill of your 

mother's divorce with which I divorced her ? Or to what cre- 
ditor have I sold you? Behold you were sold for your trans- 
gressions ; and for your iniquities I divorced your mother. 

2 Why, when I came, was there no man? And why, when I 
called, did none answer ? Is my hand unable to save ? Or have 
I no power to rescue? Behold with my rebuke I can dry up 
the sea, and make the rivers a desert, so that the fishes thereof 

3 shall shrivel for want of water, and die for thirst. I can clothe 
the heaven with darkness, and make its covering like sack- 

4 The Lord Lord giveth me an instructed tongue, to know 
when it is proper to speak a word. He gave it me in the morn- 

5 ing ; he gave me in addition an ear to hear. And the instruc- 
tion of the Lord, Lord openeth mine ears and I am not rebel- 

6 lious, nor do I gainsay. My back I have given to scourges, and 
my cheeks to be slapped with an open hand, and I turned not 

7 my face from the shame of spittles. Indeed the Lord Lord was 
my helper; therefore I was not ashamed, but kept my coun- 
tenance firm as a rock. I knew indeed that I should not be 
confounded, because he who justified me is near at hand. — 

8 Who is he that contendeth with me ? Let him stand up with me 
face to face. Yes, let my accuser, whoever he be, come near 

9 me. Behold the Lord, Lord will be my advocate ; who can do 

(a) An objectien stated. (b) The answer. 


me any evil ? Behold you shall all wax old like a mantle, and the 
moth shall consume you. 

10 Who is there among you who feareth the Lord, let him 
hearken to the voice of his servant. Ye who walk in darkness 
and have no light, trust in the name of the Lord and stay your- 

11 selves on G-od. Behold you are all kindling a fire and increas- 
ing the flame ; walk in the light of your fire and by the flame 
which you have kindled. On my account these things have be- 
fallen you. You shall lie down in sorrow. 

LI. Hearken to me ye who are in pursuit of righteousness 

and who are seeking the Lord. Look at that hard rock which you 
have been hewing, and into that deep pit which you have dig- 

2 ged. Look to Abraham your father, and to Sarah who brought 
you forth. For he was an individual when I called him ; and I 

3 blessed him and loved him and multiplied him. And now 
Sion, I will comfort thee. I have indeed comforted all her de- 
solations, and I will make her waste places like a garden ; and 
those west of her like the garden of the Lord. In her shall be 
found joy and gladness, thanksgiving and the sound of praise. 

I Hear me ; hear me, my people, and ye kings ; listen to me ; 
for from me shall proceed a law ; and my judgment shall be for 

5 the light of nations. My deliverance is approaching speedily, and 
my salvation shall go forth as light ; and on mine arm nations will 

6 rely. The islands will expect me and on mine arm they will rely. 
Turn up your eyes to heaven ; then look down on the earth 
below ! for the heaven is like smoke condensed, and the 
earth shall grow old like a garment, and like those things the 
inhabitants shall perish : but my salvation shall endure forever, 
and my saving mercy shall never fail. 

7 Hearken to me, ye who know judgment ; ye people, in 
whose heart is my law. Fear not the reproach of men, nor be 

8 overcome by their contempt. For they are like a garment 
which shall be worn out by time, and like woollens which shall 
be devoured by a moth ; but my saving mercy shall endure 
forever, and my salvation to generations of generations. 

9 Awake, awake, Jerusalem ! and clothe thyself with the 
strength of thine arm. Awake as at the beginning of day. 

10 Art thou not as the generation of old, which dried up the sea 
—the swelling water of the deep ? Which made the depths of 

11 the sea a road for the delivered and redeemed to pass ? For 


under the guidance of the Lord they shall be brought back, 
and shall come to Sion with joy and everlasting gladness ; for 
praise shall crown their head and joy shall overtake them. 
Grief and sorrow and sighing are fled. 

12 I THE I AM am he who comforteth thee. Eecollect what 
thou wast when terrified at a mortal man, and at a son of man 

1 3 who are withered like grass ; and forgot test the G-od who made 
thee — him who made the heaven and founded the earth ; and 
wast every day in continual dread of the furious countenance 
of thine oppressor. For how did he consult to carry thee away ! 

14 But where now is the fury of thine oppressor ? For when thou 

15 art saved he shall not stand ; nor long continue. Because 1 thy 
God am he who tempesteth the sea and causeth the billows 

16 thereof to roar ; the Lord of Hosts is my name ; I will put my 
words in thy mouth, and cover thee under the shelter of my 
hand with which I made the heaven and founded the earth ; and 
say to Sion, Thou art my people. 

17 Awake, awake, stand up, Jerusalem who hast drunk 
from the hand of the Lord the cup of his indignation. For thou 
hast drunk the cup of horror — the great cup of his wrath ; and 

18 drained it. And of all thy children which thou didst bring 
forth there was not one who comforted thee, nor was there one 
who took hold of thy hand : no, not of all the sons whom thou 

19 didst raise. Because these things have befallen thee, who will 
condole with thee ? Desolation and destruction, famine and the 

20 sword ; who will comfort thee ? Thy sons ? Some are astounded ; 
some asleep at the head of every way, like a parboiled beet ; 
Some are full of the indignation of the Lord, enervated by the 

21 Lord God. Therefore hear, thou, who hast been humbled, and 

22 who art drunk, but not with wine. Thus saith the Lord, the 
God who judgeth his people, Behold I have taken out of thy 
hand the cup of horror — the great cup of mine indignation ; and 

23 thou shalt no more drink it again. And I will put it into the 
hands of them, who have injured thee and oppressed thee — 
who have said to thy soul, Crouch down that we may walk 
over thee, when thou hadst bent thy body down level with the 
earth in the street, to them passing along. 

LII. Sect. 7. AWAKE, awake, Sion! clothe thyself, 
Sion, with thy strength. Put on thy glory. O Jerusalem, thou 
VOL. II. 3 G 


holy city ! No more shall the uncircuincised and the unclean 

2 pass through thee. Shake off the dust, and stand up : assume 
thy seat, O Jerusalem ! Loose the chain from thy neck, O cap- 

3 tive daughter of Sion ! For thus saith the Lord, You were sold 
for nought ; and you shall be ransomed, not with money. 

4 Thus saith the Lord, My people went down to Egypt at 
iirst to sojourn there ; and to the Assyrians they were carried 

5 by force. Now therefore why are you here ? Thus saith the 
Lord, Because my people were taken away for nought, (ex- 
press your amaze ; and raise the mournful cry ! ) 

Thus saith the Lord, On your account my name is conti- 

6 nualiy reviled among the nations. Therefore in that day my 
people shall know my name. Because I THE I AM, the same 

7 who am speaking, am at hand, like beauty on the mountains — 
like the feet of one proclaiming peace, like one proclaim- 
ing glad tidings. Because I will cause thy salvation to be pro- 
claimed, Saying, Sion, thy God will reign ; because the voice 

8 of thy watchmen is lifted up ; with the voice therefore let all at 
the same time express joy. 

(c) Because eyes will look to eyes when the Lord compas- 

9 sionateth Sion ; let the ruins of Jerusalem break out together 
with bursts of joy. Because the Lord hath compassionated her 

10 and delivered Jerusalem; let the Lord therefore make bare his 
holy arm in the sight of all the nations ! and let all the ends of 
the earth see the salvation come from our God. 

11 (J) Depart, depart ; come out thence, and touch no pollut- 
ed thing. Come out from the midst of her ; be clean, ye who 

12 carry the vessels of the Lord. For you shall not come out in 
haste, nor by flight march along ; for the Lord will march be- 
fore you in front ; and the God of Israel will bring up your 

13 Behold my servant will mind and be exalted and highly 

14 glorified. In the same manner as many will be astonished at 
thee ; (so devoid of glory for men will be thine appearance and 

15 thy glory for the sons of men) so many nations will ex- 
press admiration at him ; and kings will shut their mouths, be- 
cause they, to whom no publication was made concerning him, 
shall see ; and they, who had not heard, will understand. 


LIII. (c) Lord, who bath believed this report of ours, and 

2 to whom hath the arm of the Lord been made manifest ? We 
have made proclamation as a child before him : as a root in a 
thirsty soil, he hath no appearance nor glory. We have seen 

3 him ; and he hath neither appearance nor beauty : but his ap- 
pearance is mean and defective beyond the sons of men. Be- 
ing a man in affliction and acquainted with grief, because his 
countenance was dejected, he was despised and disesteemed. 

4 This man beareth away our sins ; and for us he is in sorrow : 
And we considered him as being in trouble and under a stroke 

5 and in affliction. But he was wounded for our sins, and afflict- 
ed for our iniquities. The chastisement of our peace was upon 

6 him ; by his bruises we are healed. We all like sheep had 
strayed ; every man wandered in his way : and the Lord de- 

7 livered him up for our sins : and he, on account of his af- 
fliction, openeth not his mouth. He was led as a sheep to be 
slaughtered. And as a lamb before its shearer is dumb, so lie 

8 openeth not his mouth. In this humiliation his legal trial was 
taken away. Who will declare his manner of life. 

(J) Because his life is taken from the earth — for the trans- 

9 gressions of my people he is led to death ; therefore for his fu- 
neral I will give up the wicked, and the rich for his death. Be- 
cause he committed no iniquity, nor practised guile with his 

10 mouth, and the Lord determined to purify him from this 
stroke : when his soul shall be given up for a sin offering ; of 
you he shall see a seed which shall prolong their days. More- 

11 over it is the determination of the Lord to remove him from the 
trouble of his soul — to shew him light and fashion him for 
knowledge — to justify the Eighteous One who is serving ma- 

12 ny well, when he shall bear away their sins; therefore he shall 
inherit many and divide the spoils of the strong. 

(p) Because his soul was delivered up to death and he was 
numbered among transgressors and bore away the sins of ma- 
ny and on account of their iniquities was delivered up ; 
LIV. rejoice thou barren, who bearest not — break forth with 

shouts of joy, thou who sufferest not the pangs of child birth ; 
for many more are the children of the desolate than of her who 
2 hath a husband. For the Lord said, Enlarge the place of thy 
tent and thy curtains ; fix up ; spare not ; lengthen thy cords 


3 and make thy stakes strong. Extend still farther to the right 
and left. And thy seed shall inherit nations and thou shalt in- 

4 habit wasted cities. Be not terrified because thou hast been ex- 
posed to shame ; nor blush because thou hast been reproach- 
ed. For thou shalt forget the shame of ancient times, and the 
reproach of thy widowhood thou shalt remember no more. 

5 For the Lord who is thy maker, whose name is the Lord of 
Hosts — even he who delivered thee, shall be called the God of 
Israel, in the whole earth. 

6 The Lord hath not called thee as a wife forsaken and dis- 
consolate ; nor as a wife that hath been hated from her youth. 

7 Thy God hath said, " I left thee for a little while ; but with 

8 great mercy I will compassionate thee : in a short wrath I 
turned away my face from thee ; but with everlasting kindness 
I will have mercy on thee." The Lord who delivered thee 

9 hath said, "From the flood which was in Noah's time this is 
my purpose — as I solemnly promised him at that time that I 

10 would no more be angry with the earth on thine account, nor 
in rebuking thee overturn the mountains ; and that thy hills 
should no more be moved ; so my kindness for thee shall not 
fail, nor shall the covenant of thy peace ever be changed : for 
he said for thee, Be appeased, Lord." 

1 1 (J) thou afflicted and storm beaten ! art thou not com- 
forted ? Behold I am preparing for thee carbuncles for thy 

12 building stones, and the sapphire for thy foundations ; and for 
thy battlements I will lay jasper; and crystal, for thy gates; 

13 and for thy circumambient walls, precious stones: even thy 
sons, all instructed of God ; and thy children in great pros- 

14 perity. And with righteousness thou shalt be rebuilded. Ab- 
stain from injustice and thou shalt not be affrighted ; and as for 

15 terror, it shall not approach thee. Behold proselytes shall come 
to thee for my sake ; and they shall sojourn with thee and fly to 

1G thee. Behold I have created thee, not like a coppersmith blow- 
ing coals and using a tool for the work. But I have created 

17 thee, not for destruction. Perish every weapon formed against 
thee ! I will not prosper it. Though every voice should rise up 
against thee for judgment, thou shalt overcome them all and in 
the trial they shall be condemned. There is an inheritance for 
them who serve the Lord, therefore you are to be just for me. 
saith the Lord. 


LY. Sect. 8. HO ! ye who are thirsting, come to water ! and 
ye who have no money, come buy and eat, without money 

2 and without price, wine and the choicest bread. Why are 
you expending money and labour for that which will not sa- 
tisfy ? Hearken to me and you shall eat good things ; and your 

3 soul will be regaled with delicacies. Incline your ears and 
follow in my paths ; hearken to me and your soul shall live 
on good things ; and I will make with you an everlasting co- 
venant—the gracious promises to David which are faithful. 

4 Behold for a testimony to nations I gave him, a chief and a 

5 lawgiver to nations. Nations which knew thee not will fly to 
thee, for the sake of the Lord thy God, the Holy One of 
Israel, because he hath glorified thee. 

6 Seek ye the Lord ; and when you find him call upon him. 

7 And when he draweth near to you ; let the wicked man for- 
sake his ways, and the unrighteous man his counsels, and turn 
to the Lord and he shall find mercy ; for he will abundantly 

8 pardon your sins. For my counsels are not as your counsels : 

9 nor are my ways as your ways, saith the Lord. But distant 
as the heaven is from the earth, so is my way distant from 

10 your ways ; and your thoughts from my understanding. For 
as the rain when it descendeth, or snow, from the heavens, 
dotli not return thither, till it hath watered the earth, and caused 
it to generate and bloom and yield seed for the sower and 

11 bread for food ; so shall it be with my word : when it hath 
proceeded from my mouth, it shall not be reversed, till all 
are accomplished which I willed ; and till I prosper thy ways 

12 and my commandments. For with gladness you shall go forth ; 
and with joyfulness you shall be taught : for the mountains 
and hills shall leap for joy, expecting you ; and all the trees 

13 of the field will clap with their branches. And instead of the 
briar, shall spring up the cypress ; and instead of the thistle, 
shall come up the myrtle. And the Lord shall be for a name, 
and for an everlasting sign which shall not fail. 

LYI. Thus saith the Lord, Keep judgment and practise right- 
eousness ; for my salvation is near, just ready to come, and 
2 my saving kindness to be revealed. Happy the man who doth 
these things and the mortal who adhereth to them ; and who 


is careful not to profane my sabbaths, and who restraineth his 
hands from doing evil. 

3 Let not the stranger who cleaveth to the Lord say, "The 
Lord will separate me from his people." Nor let the eunuch 

4 say " I am a dry tree." For thus saith the Lord to the eunuchs, 
Whoever of them shall keep my sabbaths, and chuse the things 

5 in which I delight and adhere to my covenant ; I will give 
them, in my house and within my walls, an honourable place 
better than sons and daughters — I will give them an ever- 

6 lasting name which shall not fail. And with regard to the 
strangers who cleave to the Lord to serve him, and love the 
name of the Lord — to be his man servants and maid servants, 
even all who are careful not to profane my sabbaths and who 

7 adhere to my covenant ; them I will bring to my holy moun- 
tain and make them joyful in my house of prayer ; their burnt 
offerings, and their sacrifices shall be acceptable on mine altar ; 
for my house shall be called a house of prayer for all the 
nations. — 

8 Sect. 9. THE LORD who gathereth the dispersed of Israel 

9 said, Because I will gather a congregation for him, O all ye 

I beasts of the field come ! all ye beasts of the forests, devour ! 

you see that they are all blind ; that they have not knowledge. 
They are dumb dogs, they cannot bark : they are asleep in 

I I bed, they love to slumber : yet these dogs are of untamed 
appetite ; they can never have enough. They are indeed mis- 
chievous, they have no consideration. They all followed their 
own courses, every one according to his own purpose. You 

LVII. see how a righteous one was destroyed, and no one 
layeth it to heart. And righteous men are taken away, and no 
one observeth, that on account of iniquity the righteous one 

2 was taken away. His sepulture shall be in peace. He is taken 
from among you. 

3 But as for you, draw near hither, ye lawless sons ! ye seed 

4 of adulterers and of fornication ! in what have you indulged 
yourselves ? and at whom have you opened your mouth, and at 
whom lolled your tongue? are you not children of destruction 

5 — a lawless race ? invoking idols under shady trees, slaying 

6 your children in the valleys among the rocks ? This shall be 


thy portion — this thy lot — as thou hast poured out libations to 
them and to them offered up sacrifices, shall I not for these 

7 things be incensed ? On a high and lofty mountain thou hast 

8 made thy bed, and caused thy sacrifice to ascend thither ; and 
behind the posts of thy doors thou hast set up thy memorial. 
Didst thou think, that, if thou departedst from me, thou 
shouldst have something more ? Thou hast loved them who lay 

9 with thee and multiplied thy fornication with them, and hast 
done it with many who are far from thee ; and hast sent ambas- 
sadors beyond thy borders ; and humbled thyself even to Hades ; 

10 With thy long journies thou hast wearied thyself and hast not 
said, I will take some rest. Because in thy full strength thou 
hast done this ; therefore thou shouldst not supplicate me. 

1 1 Of whom hast thou been so anxiously afraid that thou hast 
dealt falsely with me, and has not remembered nor taken me 
into thy thoughts, nor into thy heart ? AVhen I saw and ne- 

12 glected thee thou didst not fear me. Now I will declare my 
righteousness and thine evil deeds which shall not avail thee. 

lo When thou criest ; let them deliver thee in thine affliction. A 
wind indeed shall overtake them all ; and a whirlwind shall 
sweep them away. But they who adhere to me shall possess 

14 the land, and inherit my holy mountain. And they will say. 
Clear the ways before him, remove obstructions out of the road 
of my people. 

15 Tlim saith the Most High, who on earth inhabiteth eterni- 
ty, who is Holy among holies ; whose name is THE MOST 
HIGH ; who at rest in the holies giveth patience to the humble, 

16 and life to them who are of a contrite heart ; I will not contend 
with you forever, nor will I be continually angry with you, for 
from me spirit is to proceed and I have made every breathing 

17 soul. Because of sin I grieved him a little while and smote 
him and turned away my face from him ; and he was grieved 

18 and went his ways sorrowing ; T have seen his ways and healed 

19 him, and comforted him, and given him true consolation ; peace 
upon peace to them near and to them far off. So the Lord said, 

20 I will heal them. But the wicked shall be tossed like waves 

21 and shall not be able to rest. There is no peace, said God, to 
the wicked. 


LYIIL Sect. 10. (J) CKY aloud and spare not ; raise thy 
voice like a trumpet : proclaim to my people their sins, and to 

2 the house of Jacob their iniquities. Day after day they seek 
me, and desire to know my ways ; like a people who have prac- 
tised righteousness, and who have not forsaken the ordinance 
of God. They now ask of me a just decision and desire to draw 

3 near to God. Saying, " Why have we fasted and thou hast not 
seen ? We have humbled our souls and thou hast not known." 
In the very days of your fasts you enjoy your own pleasures 

4 and goad all them who are under your controul. You fast for 
strife and debate ; and smite the poor with your fists. Why fast 
ye for me as to-day that by a cry your voice may be heard? 

5 This is not such a fast as I have chosen, that a man should af- 
flict his soul for a day. No : though thou shouldst bend thy 
neck like a hook and lay sackcloth and ashes under thee : even 
in that case you are not to call it an acceptable fast. 

6 It is not such a fast as this that I have chosen, saith the 
Lord. But loose every bond of iniquity; dissolve the obliga- 
tions of onerous contracts ; set at liberty them who are oppress- 

7 ed, and tear in pieces every unjust stipulation in writing : deal 
out thy bread to the hungry, and take into thy house the poor 
who have no shelter ; if thou seest one naked, clothe him, and 

8 look not scornfully on dependants of thy race ; then shall thy 
light break forth like the morning, and thy remedies shall 
spring up speedily : and thy righteousness shall go before thee, 

9 and the glory of the Lord will surround thee. Then thou shalt 
cry and God will answer thee ; and whilst thou art speaking he 
will say, Lo I am here. 

If thou remove from thee the bond, and the vote and de- 

10 cree which occasion murmuring, and from thy soul give bread 
to the hungry and satisfy an afflicted soul ; then shall thy light 
spring up in darkness; and thy darkness shall be as the noon 

11 day : and thy God will be with thee continually ; and thou shalt 
be satisfied as thy soul desireth ; and thy bones shall be made 
fat and be like a watered garden, and like a spring whose water 

12 never failed. And thine old waste places shall be rebuilded ; 
and thy foundations shall last for generations of generations : 
and thou shalt be called the repairer of breaches, and shalt en- 
joy rest in the midst of thy paths. 


13 If on account of the sabbaths thou restrain thy foot from 
doing thy pleasure on that holy day ; and call the sabbaths de- 
lightful, dedicated to God ; and wilt not lift up thy foot for any 

14 work ; nor utter a word in anger from thy mouth ; and trust 
continually in the Lord ; he will then mount thee on the good 
places of the land and feed thee on the inheritance of thy ~ fa- 
ther Jacob : for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken these 

LIX. It is not that the hand of the Lord is unable to save ; nor 

2 that his ear is grown dull to hear ; but your sins make a sepa- 
ration between you and your God ; and on account of your 
sins he hath turned away his face from you that he may not ex- 

3 ercise compassion. For your hands are polluted with blood, 
and your fingers with sins; your lips have spoken iniquity, 

4 and your tongue contriveth injustice. None speaketh just 
things, nor is there any just judgment. They trusted in vani- 
ties and they speak lies. Because they hatch mischief, therefore 

5 they bring forth iniquity. They hatched the eggs of asps, and 
are weaving a spider's web ; and he who was about to eat some 
of their eggs, upon breaking one that was hatched found there- 

6 in a viper. Their web will not serve for a mantle, nor can 
they clothe themselves with their works; for their works are 

7 works of iniquity. Their feet are running to evil ; they are 
swift to shed blood. And their reasonings are reasonings for 

8 murders. Destruction and misery are in their ways, and the 
path of peace they do not know, nor is there any judgment in 
their ways ; for the paths which they travel are crooked and 

9 peace they do not know. Therefore judgment is far from them, 
and saving mercy shall not overtake them. When they were 
waiting for light, darkness came upon them, expecting a 

10 blaze of light they walked in obscurity. They shall grope like 
blind men for a wall and feel about like men who have no eyes, 

11 and fall at mid-day as at midnight. When dying they will 
groan like a bear and mourn like a dove ; and at their departing 
say, " We waited for judgment and there is none : and as for 

12 safety, it is far from us. For our manifold iniquity is before 
thee ; and our sins are risen up against us : for our iniquities 

13 are in us, and we know our transgressions. We have sinned : 
we have lied, and turned back from following our God ; we 

VOL. II. 3 H 


14 have spoken things unjust, and have been disobedient ; we 
have conceived and meditated from our heart lying words, 
we have indeed turned judgment backward, therefore saving 
mercy standeth aloof." 

(p) Because truth was destroyed in their ways and; they 

15 could not walk in straight paths ; and truth was removed and 
they substituted opinion in place of knowledge, therefore the 
Lord took a view, and it displeased him that there was no judg- 

16 ment. When he took a view and there was no man ; and made 
close observation, and there was no helper ; then with his own 

17 arm he defended them and with mercy supported them. And 
he put on righteousness as a breast plate, and placed on his 
head the helmet of salvation, and threw around him the mantle 

18 of vengeance ; and his cloak, as about to retribute retribution — 
reproach to his adversaries : and they from the west shall re- 

19 vere the name of the Lord ; and they from the rising of the 
sun, his glorious name. For he will come like an impetuous 

20 stream — for the wrath of the Lord will come with fury. For 
the sake of Sion the Deliverer will come, and turn away un- 

21 godliness from Jacob. And this shall be my covenant with 
them, said the Lord, this spirit of mine which is upon thee, and 
these words which I have put in thy mouth shall not fail from 
thy mouth, nor from the mouth of thy seed, (for the Lord hath 
spoken) from this time forth forever. 

LX. Sect. 11. BE ENLIGHTENED: be enlightened, 
Jerusalem ! for thy light is come ; and the glory of the Lord is 
risen upon thee. Behold darkness will cover the earth and 
thick darkness the nations : but upon thee the Lord will shine 
and his glory over thee will be conspicuous. And kings will 
walk by thy light : and nations by thy splendour. 

4 Baise thine eyes around and behold thy children gathered 
together ; all thy sons are come from afar, and thy daughters 

5 shall be carried on shoulders. Then thou wilt look and be fill- 
ed with awe and astonished at heart ; because the riches of the 

6 sea and of nations and peoples will pour in upon thee. And for 
thee will come herds of camels and those of Madiam and 
Gaipha will cover thee, and those of Saba will come bringing 
gold and will also bring frankincense, and with joy proclaim 

7 the salvation of the Lord. And all the flocks of Kedar shall be 


gathered together ; and the rams of Nabaioth will come ; and 
acceptable offerings will be made on mine altar, and my house 
of prayer will be glorified. 

8 (c) Who are those ? They are flying like clouds, and like 
doves with their young towards me ! 

9 (J) For me the islands waited, and among the first the 
ships of Tarsis to bring thy children from afar and their silver 
and their gold with them. And because of the holy name of 
the Lord, and because the Holy One of Israel is glorious ; 

10 therefore strangers shall rebuild thy walls and their kings shall 
wait upon thee. For on account of my wrath I smote thee, but 

11 for mercy's sake I have loved thee ; and thy gates shall be open 
continually (by day or by night they shall not be shut) to in- 
troduce to thee the wealth of nations and their kings pompous- 

12 ly attended. For the nations and kings which will not serve 
thee shall perish — such nations indeed shall be utterly laid 

13 The glory of Lebanon also shall come to thee, with the 
cypress and the pine and the cedar, to adorn the place which 

14 is dedicated to me. And to thee shall come trembling the sons 
of them who afflicted and humbled thee, and thou shalt be 
called, City Sion of the Holy one of Israel. 

15 Because of thy having been forsaken and hated when there 
was no helper, I will make thee an everlasting boast — a joy for 

16 perpetual generations. And thou shalt suck the milk of na- 
tions, and feed on the wealth of kings, and shalt know that I 
the Lord am thy Saviour, and that thy Eedeemer is the God 

17 of Israel. And instead of brass I will bring thee gold ; and in- 
stead of iron I will bring thee silver ; and instead of wood I will 
bring thee brass and instead of stones iron. And I will make 

18 thy chiefs peaceful and thine overseers righteous ; and violence 
shall no more be heard in thy land, nor destruction nor misery 
in thy borders ; but thy walls shall be called Salvation and thy 

19 gates, sculpture. And thou shalt no more have the sun for a 
light by day nor shall the rising of the moon enlighten thy 
night; but the Lord will be to thee an everlasting light; and thy 

20 God will be thy glory. For thy sun shall not go down nor shall thy 
moon ever wane : For the Lord will be to thee an everlasting light ; 

21 and the days of thy mourning shall be ended. And thy peo- 


pie shall be all righteous, they shall inherit the land forever, 
22 preserving the plant, the works of their hands, for glory. The 
fewest in number shall become thousands, and he who is 
smallest, a great nation. I the Lord in due time will gather 

LXI. Sect. 12. (M) THE SPIKIT of the Lord is upon me, 
for the business for which he anointed me. He hath sent me to 
publish glad tidings to the poor, to heal them who are broken 
hearted ; to proclaim a deliverance to captives, and a recovery 

2 of sight to the blind : to proclaim an acceptable year of the 
Lord and a day of retribution. To comfort all who are mourn- 

3 ing ; that to the mourners in Sion may be given, glory instead 
of ashes, oil of joy to the mourners, robes of praise for the 
spirit of heaviness; that they may be called generations of 

4 righteousness, a plant of the Lord for glory. And the wastes 
of old times shall be rebuilded; and former desolations shall 
be repaired, and wasted cities renewed which had lain in ru- 

5 ins for ages. And strangers shall come and feed thy flocks and 

6 foreigners shall be thy ploughmen and vine dressers. But you 
shall be called priests of the Lord, ministers of God. You 
shall eat the wealth of nations and for their riches be admired. 

7 Thus shall they again inherit the land ; and everlasting joy shall 

8 be on their head. For I am the Lord who love righteousness 
and hate the spoils of injustice ; and I will give the righteous 
the fruit of their toil and make an everlasting covenant with 

9 them and their seed shall be distinguished among the nations? 
and their offspring in the midst of peoples. Every one who 
seeth them will know them, that they are a seed whom God 

10 hath blessed. And they shall rejoice in the Lord with joy. 

(c) Kejoice in the Lord, my soul, for he hath clothed 
me with the mantle of Salvation, and with an under garment 
of gladness, he hath crowned me as a bridegroom with a crown 

11 and adorned me as a bride, with jewels, and like the earth 
blooming with flowers. And as a garden causeth its seeds to 
vegetate, so will the Lord cause righteousness to spring up 
and joy in the presence of all nations. 

LXII. (M) For Sion's sake I will not be silent, and for the 
sake of Jerusalem I will not rest ; until the righteousness thereof 


2 break forth as light, and my salvation blaze like a torch ; and na- 
tions see thy righteousness, and kings this glory of thine. 
When he shall call thee by a new name which the Lord hinr 

3 self will give thee ; then thou shalt be a crown of beauty in the 
hand of the Lord, and a royal diadem in the hand of thy God. 

4 And thou shalt no more be called, Forsaken; nor shall thy 
land any more be called, The desert; but thy name shall be 
called My delight; and that of thy country, The inhabited 
land. Because the Lord is well pleased with thee therefore thy 

5 land shall be thickly inhabited : and as a youth cohabiting 
with a virgin bride, so shall thy sons inhabit it : and 'as a 
bridegroom will rejoice in his bride, so will the Lord rejoice 
over thee. 

6 Now upon thy walls, Jerusalem, I have set watchmen 
all the day ; and all the night, they will not cease continually 

7 to mention the Lord ; for there is none like you. When he 
shall have re-established and made Jerusalem a boast on the 

8 earth — the Lord hath sworn by his glory and by the power of 
his arm, I will no more give thy corn and thy food to thine ene- 
mies ; nor shall the sons of strangers any more drink thy wine, 

9 for which thou hast laboured. But they who reap the harvest 
shall eat and praise the Lord ; and they who gather the vintage 

10 shall drink wine in my holy courts. Go through my gates and 
prepare the way for my people and throw the stones out of the 

11 way. Erect a standard for the nations. For lo ! the Lord hath 
published this to the end of the earth. Say to the daughter of 
Sion, Behold the Saviour is come for thee, having his own re- 

12 ward and his work before him. And he will call this a holy 
people, redeemed by the Lord ; and thou shalt be called the 
city sought and not forsaken. 

LXIII. (c) Who is this who is coming from Edom ? What 
redness of mantles from Bosor ! He so magnificent in apparel ? 
He marcheth with majesty ! 

2 (M) I proclaim righteousness and the judgment of sal- 

(c) Why are thy garments red and thy clothing, as from 
a trodden wine- vat ? 

3 (M) I am full of a country trodden down ; and of the na- 
tions there is not a man with me. I have trodden them down 


in my wrath, and crumbled them like dust and shed their 

4 blood on the earth. For the day of retribution came upon them 

5 and the year of redemption is at hand. When I looked and 
there was no helper and observed that none upheld ; then mine 
own arm delivered them. Mine indignation indeed was rous- 

6 ed, and I trampled them down in mine anger and shed their 
blood on the earth. 

7 (c) I recollected the loving kindness of the Lord — the 
mercies of the Lord in all those things which he retributeth 
for us. The Lord is a good judge to the house of Israel. He 

8 dealeth with us according to his tender mercy and according 
to the abundance of his saving goodness, and said, "Is not 

9 this my people? Children should not rebel." And he became 
their Saviour from all their distress. 

It was not an ambassador nor a messenger; but he himself 
saved them. Through his love and his indulgence to them, he 
himself redeemed them and took them up, and exalted them 

10 all the days of old. But they rebelled and provoked his holy 
spirit ; so he became their enemy. He fought against them ; 
though he remembered the days of old. 

11 0! where is he who caused the shepherd of his flock to 
come up out of the sea ? Where is he, who put his holy spi- 

12 rit in them ? That glorious arm of his which led Moses by 
the right hand? He forced back the water from before him, 

13 to make himself an everlasting name. He led them through 
the deep, like a horse through a desert ; and they were not 

14 fatigued : and like cattle through a plain. A spirit from the 
Lord descended and conducted them. Thus thou .didst lead 

15 this people of thine, to make thyself a glorious name. Eeturn 
from heaven and take a view from the house of thy sanctuary 
and thy glory. Where is thy zeal and thy majesty? Where 
the abundance of thy loving kindness and tender affections, 
that thou hast withdrawn thyself from us ? For thou art our 

16 father. Because Abraham knoweth us not, and Israel hath not 
acknowledged us ; do thou, Lord, our father, do thou de- 

17 liver us. From the beginning thy name is upon us; why, O 
Lord hast thou suffered us to wander from thy way, and our 
hearts to be hardened so as not to fear thee? Keturn for the 
sake of thy servants — for the sake of the tribes of thy heritage, 


18 that we may inherit a little of thy holy mountain. We are be- 

19 come as at the beginning, when thou didst not rule over us, 
and when we were not called by thy name. 

LXIV. If thou wilt open the heaven, at thy presence terror 

2 will seize the mountains, and they will melt as wax melteth 
before fire ; and a fire will burn up the adversaries, and thy 
name will be manifest to the adversaries— At thy presence 

3 the nations will be troubled. When thou executest thy glo- 
rious works, because of thee terror will seize the mountains. 

4 Never have we heard, nor have our eyes seen a God be- 
sides thee ; nor works such as thine, which thou wilt do for 

5 them who wait for mercy. For it will meet them who prac- 
tise righteousness, and they will remember their ways. Behold 

6 thou wast angry when we sinned ; because of this we wan- 
dered and became all of us as unclean, and all our righteous- 
ness was like a polluted rag; and for our iniquities we have 

7 fallen like leaves ; so that the wind will sweep us away. There 
is indeed none who invoketh thy name, or who remembered 
to lay hold on thee ; because thou hast turned away thy face 
from us, and delivered us uvj for our sins. 

8 But now, Lord, thou art our father. Though we are clay, 

9 we are all the works of thy hands : be not angry with us to the ut- 
termost ; nor remember forever our sins : but, 0, look down 

10 now upon us ; for we are all thy people. The city of thy sanc- 
tuary is become a desert : Sion is become like a desert ; Je- 
ll rusalem, for a curse. The house, our sanctuary — even that 
glory which our fathers blessed, is utterly burnt up with fire, 
12 and all our glorious things are in ruins ; yet for all these things, 
thou, Lord, hast refrained, and been silent. Thou hast 
humbled us exceedingly. 
LXV. (M) I became manifest to them who inquired not for 
me ; I was found by them who sought me not. I said, " Be- 
hold here I am " to the nation which did not invoke my name. 

2 I stretched out my hands all the day long to a disobedient and 
gainsaying people, who were walking not in a good way, but 

3 following their own sins. This people are provoking me con- 
tinually to my face. They will sacrifice in the gardens and 
burn incense on the tiles, to demons which have not an ex- 

4 istence. They sleep in tombs and in caverns for the purpose 


of dreaming : they eat swine's flesh, and the broth of sacri- 

5 fices ; all their vessels are polluted ; yet they say, " Keep at a 
distance from me ; come not near me, for I am clean." This is 
a smoke which causeth my wrath ; a fire is kindled by it every 

6 day. Behold it is written before me : I will not keep silence, 
until I have retributed into their bosom their sins ; and the 

7 sins of their fathers, saith the Lord. They have burned incense 
on the mounts, and treated me with scorn on the hills, I will 
retribute their works into their bosom. 

. 8 Thus saith the Lord, as when a good grape is found in 
the cluster, they will say, " Destroy it not ; for there is a bless- 
ing in it," so will I do for the sake of him who serveth me ; 
9 for his sake I will not destroy them all. I will indeed bring 
forth the seed from Jacob namely, from Juda, and he shall 
inherit my holy mountain : and my chosen ones and my ser- 

10 vants shall inherit and dwell there ; and there shall be in the 
forest folds for flocks ; and the valley of Achor shall be a rest- 

11 ing place of herds, for my people who have sought me. But 
as for you, who forsake me and forget my holy mountain, 
and who prepare a table for the Demon, and fill up a mixed 

12 potion for Fortune, you I will deliver up to the sword ; you shall 
all bow down to slaughter. Because I called and you answered 
not : I spake and you would not listen ; but did what is evil 

13 in my sight ; and chose the things in which I did not delight ; 
therefore thus saith the Lord, Behold my servants shall eat ; 
but you shall be hungry : behold my servants shall drink ; but 
you shall be thirsty : behold my servants shall rejoice ; but you 

14 shall be ashamed : behold my servants shall triumph with joy : 
But you shall scream for sorrow of heart, and howl for anguish 

15 of spirit. For you shall leave your name for a loathing to my 
chosen. As for you, the Lord will destroy you ; but to my 

16 servants, a new name shall be given which shall be blessed 
on the earth : for they will bless the true God : and they who 
swear on the earth, will swear by the true God. For they will 
forget their former affliction and it shall not recur to their 

17 mind : for there shall be a new heaven and the earth shall be 
new : and they shall no more remember former things, nor 

18 shall they ever come again into their mind. But in this they 
shall find joy and gladness : for behold I am about to make 


Jerusalem a subject of joy, and this people of mine a subject of 

19 rejoicing. And I will exult in Jerusalem and rejoice in my 
people ; and there shall no more be heard therein, the voice of 

20 wailing nor the sound of a mournful cry. Nor shall there any 
more be there an untimely birth, nor an old man, who shall 
not complete his term. For he who is a hundred years old 
shall be young ; and the sinner, who dieth at a hundred years, 

21 shall be deemed accursed. And they shall build houses and 
dwell therein : and they shall plant vineyards and eat the fruits 

22 thereof. They shall not build, and others inhabit : nor shall 
they plant and others eat : for according to the days of the 
tree of that life, shall be the days of this my people : for they 

23 shall wear out the works of their toils. My chosen ones shall 
not labour in vain, nor shall they bring forth children lor a 
curse. Because they are a seed blessed of God, both they and 

24 their offspring : therefore it shall come to pass, that before 
they call I will answer them : and while they are yet speaking 

25 I will say, What is the matter. Then shall the wolves and 
the lambs feed together: and the lion shall eat straw like the 

LXVI. ox. But the serpent shall eat dust as bread. They shall 
not hurt, nor shall they destroy on my holy mountain, saith 
the Lord. 

1 Thus saith the Lord, The heaven is my throne, and the 
earth, my footstool : what sort of an house will you build for 

2 me ? And of what sort shall be the place of my rest ? For all 
these things my hand hath made : and all these things are 
mine saith the Lord. Upon whom therefore will I look down, 
but upon him only who is humble and quiet, and who trem- 

3 bleth at my words? As for the wicked man, who sacrificeth 
to me a young bull : he is one who slayeth a dog : and though 
lie offereth me fine flour : it will be as the blood of swine. — 
Though he offereth incense for a memorial, he is as a blasjme- 
mer. As they have chosen their own ways : and their soul 

4 hath delighted in their abominations : I also will chuse their 
delusions, and pay them back their sins. Because I called 
them and they did not answer — I spake, but they did not listen : 
but did that which is evil in my sight, and chose the things 

5 in which I did not delight; hear the decisions of the Lord — 
ye who tremble at his word, say, "O our brethren — (to them 

VOL. II. 3 I 


who hate you and are abominable, that the name of the Lord 
may be glorified and appear to their joy, when they shall be 

6 ashamed) a sound of screaming from the city ! a sound from 
the temple ! the voice of the Lord rendering a recompense to 
his adversaries ! 

7 That a woman hath brought forth before she travailed ; 
that before her pangs came on, they are over and a male child 

8 born ; who hath heard such a thing, or who hath seen the 
like ? Did ever the earth bring forth in a day, or was ever a 
nation born at once ? That Sion should travail and bring forth 

9 her children, I myself gave this expectation ; yet thou didst 
not remember me, saith the Lord. Behold did I not make her 
who beareth ; and her who is barren ? Said thy God. 

10 Eejoice Jerusalem ! and sing praises therein, all ye who love 
her ! Be exceedingly joyful with her, all ye who mourn for her ! 

11 That you may suck and be satisfied from the breast of her 
consolation — that you may suck and be fed deliciously, at 

12 the commencement of her glory. For thus saith the Lord, Be- 
hold I will glide to them like a peaceful stream, and like a 
torrent deluging the glory of nations. Their children shall be 

13 carried on shoulders, and shall be dandled on knees. As one 
whom his mother comforteth, so will I comfort you, and in 

14 Jerusalem you shall find consolation. And you shall see it, and 
your heart shall rejoice ; and your bones shall flourish like a 
o-reen herb. And the hand of the Lord will be made known to 
them who fear him. And it will terrify them who are disobe- 

15 dient. For behold ! the Lord will come as a fire, and his cha- 
riots as a whirlwind, to execute his vengeance with wrath 

16 and his rebuke with flaming fire. For with the fire of the Lord 
all this land shall be tried, and all flesh with his sword. Many 

17 shall be the slain of the Lord ! They who consecrate and puri- 
fy themselves for the gardens, and they who, in the outer 
courts, eat swine's flesh, and the abominations and the mouse, 
shall for this be consumed together, said the Lord. 

18 As I know their works and their reasoning I am coming 
to gather together all the nations and the tongues, and 

19 they shall come and see my glory. And I will leave among 
them a sign, and those of them who escape I will send to the 
nations — to Tharsis and Phud and Lud and Mosach and to 


Thobel and Greece and to the far distant isles. They who 
have not heard my name nor seen my glory — even they shall 

20 proclaim my glory among the nations ; and they shall bring 
your brethren from all the nations, as a gift for the Lord with 
horses and chariots, in litters borne by mules with umbrellas 
over them, to the holy city Jerusalem, said the Lord; as the 
children of Israel brought up their sacrifices for me with songs 

21 of praise to the house of the Lord. And of them I will take 

22 priests and Levites, said the Lord. For as the new heaven and 
the new earth, which I make, shall remain in my presence, 
saith the Lord ; so shall your seed and your name be establish - 

23 ed. And it shall be, that month after month and sabbath after 
sabbath, all flesh shall come to worship before me, in Jerusa- 

24 lem, said the Lord. And they shall go forth, and see the car- 
casses of those men, who have transgressed against me. For 
their worm shall not die and their fire shall not be quenched, 
and they shall be a spectacle to all flesh. 


I. I. The word of God which came to Jeremias the son of Clicl- 

kias, one of the priests who dwelt at Anathoth in the land 

of Benjamin ; as the wore! of God came to him in the 
days of Josias son of Amos king of Juda, in the thirteenth 
year of his reign and came to him in the days of Joakim 
son of Josias king of Juda even to the eleventh year of 
Zedekias son of Josias king of Juda, even to the cap- 
ture of Jerusalem, in the fifth month 

4 When this word of the Lord came to him, " Before I for- 

5 med thee in the womb, I knew thee, and before thou wast born 
I hallowed thee. I have appointed thee a prophet for nations." 

6 Thereupon I said, self-existent sovereign, Lord ! behold I 

7 know not how to speak, for I am a child. And the Lord said 
to me, say not "For I am a child." For thou shalt go to all, 
to whomsoever I send thee ; and according to all that I com- 

8 mand thee thou shalt speak. Be not afraid of them ; for I am 
with thee to deliver thee saith the Lord. 


9 Then the Lord stretched forth his hand towards me and 
touched my mouth ; and the Lord said to me, Behold I have 

10 put my Avords in thy mouth. Behold I have this day set thee 
over nations and over kingdoms to root out and demolish and 
destroy ; and to rebuild and plant. 

11 Then a word of the Lord came to me saying, "What dost 
thou see." Whereupon I said, " I see a rod of an almond-tree." 

12 And the Lord said to me, Thou hast seen well: for I have 
watched over my words to perform them. 

13 Again a word of the Lord came to me a second time say- 
ing : " What dost thou see ? " And I said, " A kettle ; its bottom 

14 glowing hot ; and its mouth from the north. Then the Lord 
said to me, " From the north shall blaze out the evils against 

15 all the inhabitants of this land." For behold I am calling toge- 
ther all the kingdoms of the earth from the north, saith the 
Lord ; and they shall come and set, every one his throne against 
the vestibules of the gates of Jerusalem and against all the 

V) walls thereof round about, and against all the cities of Juda : 
and I will speak to them with a judicial process touching all 
their wickedness. 

17 As they have forsaken me and sacrificed to strange Gods, 
and worshipped the works of their hands, therefore gird thou 
up thy loins and stand up and speak all that I command thee. 
Be not afraid of them, nor terrified at their presence ; for I am 

18 with thee to deliver thee, saith the Lord. Behold I have made 
thee this day, like a fortified city and like a wall of brass, too 
strong for all the kings of Juda and the chiefs thereof and the 

19 people of the land. Though they fight against thee they cannot 
prevail over thee ; for I am with thee to deliver thee saith the 

II. Then he said, Thus saith the Lord, I remembered mercy 

2 in thy youth ; and love, in thy mature age, that thou mightest 

3 follow the Holy Israel, saith the Lord. The Holy Israel is to 
the Lord the chief of his productions, all that devour him shall 
be guilty of trespass : evils shall come upon them, saith the 

4 Hear a word of the Lord, house of Jacob and every fa- 

5 mily of the house of Israel. Thus saith the Lord, 


What fault did your fathers find iu me, that they have 
withdrawn from me ; and have gone after vanities and become 

6 vain : and did not say, Where is the Lord, who brought us up 
out of the land of Egypt ; who led us through the wilderness — 
through a boundless and untrodden land — through a land with- 
out water and without fruit — through a land which no man 
traversed, and where no man had a fixed abode. 

7 When I brought you to Channel that you might eat its 
fruits and the good things thereof ; you entered in and polluted 

8 my land ; and made my heritage an abomination. The priests 
did not say, " Where is the Lord ? " and they who studied the 
law did not know me ; the pastors also transgressed against 
me ; and the prophets prophesied for Baal and went after an un- 

9 profitable thing. For this also I will emplead you ; and your 

10 childrens' children I will emplead. For go to the isles of Chet- 
tim and see ; and send to Kedar and make strict inquiry ; and 

11 see if such things have ever happened : have nations changed 
their Gods, though they are no Gods ? but my people have 

12 changed their glory for that which will not profit them. At 
this the heaven was astonished and shocked exceedingly, saith 

13 the Lord. Because my people did two things which are both 
evil : they forsook me, the fountain of living water ; and hewed 
out for themselves broken cisterns which cannot hold water. 

14 Is Israel a slave or a home born servant ? Why was he 

1 5 for a prey ? Against him lions roared and uttered their voice : 
they have made his land a desert and his cities are demolished 

16 so as to be uninhabitable. Even the sons of Memphis and Taph- 

17 nas have known and derided thee. Hath not thy forsaking me, 
saith the Lord thy God, brought these things upon thee? 

18 Xow therefore what hast thou to do with the way to Egypt ? 
Is it to drink the water of Geon ? Or what hast thou to do in 
the way to the Assyrians ? Is it to drink the water of rivers ? 

19 Let this apostacy of thine correct thee. And thy wickedness 
work conviction in thee. And know and see how bitter a 
thing it is to forsake me, saith the Lord thy God. 

20 Further, I have no pleasure in thee, saith the Lord thy 
God, because of old thou hast broken thy yoke, and burst 
thy bands, and said, I will not serve thee; but I will go up 


every liigli mount : and under every shady tree, I will there 
indulge my wantonness. 

21 I indeed planted thee an entirely good and fruitful vine : 

22 how art thou, degenerate vine, turned to bitterness ? Though 
thou wash thyself with nitre and use much soap : thou art 

23 stained by thine iniquities in my sight, saith the Lord. How 
canst thou say, I am not polluted, nor have I gone after Baal ? 
View thy ways in the grave-yard, and recollect what thou hast 

24 done. In the evening her voice raised the mournful cry. She 
enlarged her ways to the waters of a desert : by the desires of 
her soul she was transported into raptures. She is delivered 
up : who will bring her back ? None who seek her will weary 
themselves. In her humiliation they shall find her. 

25 Turn thy foot from a rugged way, and thy throat from 
thirst. But she said, I will act like one come to maturity. Be- 
cause she loved strangers, therefore after them she did go. — 

26 As a thief when taken, is ashamed ; so shall the children of 
Israel be put to shame. 

They and their kings and their chiefs and their priests and 

27 their prophets, said to a stock, Thou art my father ; and to a 
stone, Thou hast begotten me. And turned their backs to me 
and not their faces : yet in the time of their troubles they will 

28 say, Arise and save us. Where now are thy gods which thou 
hast made for thyself? Will they arise and save in the time 
of thy trouble ? 

Since according to the number of thy cities were thy gods 
Juda — and according to the number of the streets of Jeru- 

29 salem they burned incense to Baal ; why do you address me ? 
You are all guilty of impiety ; and you have all transgressed 

30 against me, saith the Lord. In vain have I smitten your chil- 
dren, you did not receive instruction : a sword devoured your 
prophets, like a ravening lion; and you were not terrified. — 

31 Hear a word of the Lord ! Thus saith the Lord, Was I a de- 
sert to Israel or a desolate land ? Why did my people say, 
"We will not be lorded over, nor come to thee any more." 

32 Will a bride forget her attire ; or a virgin, the ornaments that 
deck her bosom? Yet my people have forgotten me, days 

83 without number. Wilt thou yet study any decency in thy 
ways in search of love ? Far from that, thou hast abandoned 


34 thyself to wickedness to pollute thy ways. And on thy hands 
hath been found the blood of innocent souls. These I did not 

35 find in breaches into houses, but in every grove of oaks. Yet 
thou sayest, " I am innocent ; let his wrath be turned from 
me : " behold I will emplead thee for saying, I have not sin- 

36 ned. Because thou hast made very light of repeating thy jour- 
nies, therefore thou shalt be made ashamed of Egypt, as thou 

37 hast been, of Assyria : for thou shalt come up thence with thy 
hands on thy head, for the Lord hath rejected thy confidence 

III. and thou shalt not prosper in it. If a man divorce his wife 
and she depart from him and marry another, can she return 
again to him ? Would not such a wife be altogether polluted ? 

2 Yet thou hast played the harlot with many shepherds and hast 
returned to me saith the Lord. Baise thine eyes, look forward 
and take a view ! where is there a place in which thou hast 
not prostituted thyself? In the highways thou hast sat for 
them like a deserted daw, and polluted the land with thy 

3 whoredoms and with thy wicked acts, and retained many shep- 
herds for a stumbling block to thyself: yet with the face of 

4 a harlot and behaving indecently before them all, hast thou 
not returned home and called me father and the guide of thy 

5 youth ? Will anger continue forever ? Shall it be kept up to 
the last ? Behold thou hast spoken and done these evil things : 
yet thou hast prevailed. 

o* II. AGAIN the Lord said to me in the days of Josias the 
king, Hast thou seen what the house of Israel have done to 
me ? They have gone up upon every high mountain and under 

7 every shady tree and have there committed whoredom — and 
after she had committed all these acts of whoredom I said, 

8 Keturn to me ; but she returned not. And the treacherous Juda 
saw this treachery ; and I saw that when for all the whoredoms 
which Israel had committed and in which she had been 
caught, I had put her away and given her a bill of divorce in 
her hands, the treacherous Juda was not terrified, but went 

9 and committed the like herself. Indeed the other's fornication 

10 was as nothing ; she committed adultery with stocks and 
stones, and for all this the treacherous Juda turned not to me 

11 with her whole heart but only feignedly. Then the Lord said 

12 to me, Israel hath justified herself more than the treacherous 


Juda ; go and proclaim these words to the north and thou shalt 
say, Keturn to me, house of Israel, saith the Lord, and I 
will not set my face against you. For I am merciful, saith the 

13 Lord and will not be angry with you forever. Nevertheless ac- 
knowledge thine iniquity — that thou hast transgressed against 
the Lord thy God, and opened thy ways for strangers under 
every shady tree ; and hast not hearkened to my voice, saith 

14 the Lord. Return, O apostate children, saith the Lord : for I 
will exercise dominion over you, and take one of a city and 

15 two of a family and bring you to Sion : and I will give you 
pastors according to mine own heart, and they shall tend and 

16 feed you with knowledge. And when you are multiplied and 
increased in the land, saith the Lord, in those days they shall 
no more say, " The ark of the covenant of the Holy Israel." 
It shall no more come to mind nor be named ; nor shall it be 

17 covered nor made any more. In those days and at that time 
Jerusalem shall be called The Throne of the Lord, and all the 
nations shall be gathered to it. And they shall no more follow 

18 the desires of their own wicked heart. In those days the house 
of Juda shall unite with the house of Israel, and they shall 
come together from the land of the north and from all those coun- 
tries, to the land which I put in possession of their fathers. 

19 (p) (Whereupon I said, so be it, Lord.) 

(J) Because I am to rank thee among children and give thee 
a choice land — the heritage of God the Supreme Ruler of 
nations ; therefore I said, " Call me Father," and, " From me 

20 you shall not turn away." But as a wife dealeth treacherously 
with her husband, so the house of Israel dealt treacherously 

21 with me, saith the Lord. A sound from the lips was heard, of 
the wailing and supplication of the children of Israel ; because 
they had transgressed in their ways — had forgotten God their 

22 Holy One. Return, return, O children, and I will heal your 

23 (c) Behold we will be thy servants for thou art the Lord our 
God. False indeed have been the hills and the strength of the 
mountains, but from the Lord our God is the salvation of Is- 

24 rael. This shame consumed the labours of our fathers from 
our youth — Their flocks and their herds, their sons and their 

25 daughters. We lay down in our shame and our dishonour co- 


vered us; because we sinned against our God — both we and 
our fathers from our youth to this day ; and hearkened not to 
the voice of the Lord our God. 
IV. (J) If Israel will return, saith the Lord ; let him return to 
me. And if he will remove his abominations from his mouth, 

2 and on account of me be filled with holy awe ; and swear " As 
the Lord liveth " with truth in judgment and justice : then 

3 shall the nations bless by him, and by him praise God in Jeru- 
salem. For thus saith the Lord to the men of Juda and inha- 
bitants of Jerusalem, Break up for yourselves fallow grounds 

4 and sow not among thorns : be circumcised for your God and 
circumcise the stubbornness of your hearts, O men of Juda and 
ye inhabitants of Jerusalem ; lest my wrath break out like a fire 
and burn ; and there be none to quench it, because of the wick- 
edness of your devices. 

5 II. (J) MAKE proclamation in Juda and let it be heard in 
Jerusalem. Say, Sound the trumpet in the land ; raise the 
screaming cry ! Say, Assemble together and let us go into the 

6 walled cities ! Break up and flee to Sion ; make all haste ; tarry 
not : for I am bringing evils from the north and a great de- 

7 struction. A lion has gone up from his den : a destroyer of na- 
tions hath begun his march and is come from his place to make 
this land a desolation ; and the cities shall be demolished so as 

8 to be uninhabitable. For these things gird on sackcloth ; wail 
and utter lamentation. Because the wrath of the Lord is not 

9 turned away from you, therefore it shall come to pass in that 
day, saith the Lord ; that the understanding of the king shall 
be destroyed ; and the understanding of the chiefs ; and the 
priests shall be confounded and the prophets amazed. 

10 (p) Upon this I said, O Sovereign Lord ! hast thou in- 
deed deceived this people and Jerusalem, saying, " There 
shall be peace," when lo ! the sword hath reached their very 

11 (J) At that time let it be said to this people and to Jeru- 
salem, there is a spirit of wandering in the wilderness. The 
way of the daughter of my people is not to purity nor to ho- 

12 liness. A spirit of execution shall come for me and I am now 

13 denouncing my judgments on them. Behold he shall come up 

VOL. II. 3 K 


like a cloud, and his chariots like a whirlwind. His horses are 
swifter than eagles. 

14 (p) Alas for us ! we are undone ! Jerusalem ! wash thy 
heart from wickedness that thou mayst be saved. How long 
do ill grounded reasonings for thy troubles remain in thee ? 

15 (J) Because the voice of a messenger will come from Dan 

16 and distress will be heard from mount Ephraim ; Call to mind 
the nations : behold they are come. Proclaim in Jerusalem, 
" Predatory bands are coming from afar, and have uttered 

17 their voice against the cities of Juda." Like men watching a 
field they are all around her. Because thou wast not mindful 

18 of me saith the Lord, thy ways and thy devices have done 
these things to thee. It is owing to thy wickedness that they 
are bitter — that they have reached thy very heart. 

19 (p) My bowels ! my bowels are pained ! and every sensa- 
tion of my heart. My soul throbbeth ! my heart is torn. I can- 
not keep silence ; for my soul hath heard the trumpet's sound ; 

20 the din of war and of distress. It calleth for contrition ; for the 
whole land is in deep distress. My tent is suddenly whelmed 

21 in ruin ; my curtains are rent to pieces. How long shall I see 
men fleeing ! How long hear the sound of trumpets ! 

22 (J) Because the rulers of my people did not know me, 
they are foolish children and devoid of understanding. They 
are wise to do evil ; but to do good they have no knowledge. 

23 (p) I beheld the earth and lo ! a void! Then the heaven; 

24 and its lights were gone. I beheld the mountains ; and they 

25 were trembling, and all the hills were in perturbation. I look- 
ed ; and lo ! there was not a man ; and all the birds of the air 

26 were flown. I beheld ; and lo ! Karmel was a desert ; and all the 
cities were burned with fire. At the presence of the Lord ; and 
because of his fierce anger, they are utterly destroyed. 

27 (J) Thus saith the Lord, The whole land shall be a desert ; 

28 but I will not make a complete end. For these things let the 
land mourn ; and the heaven above be covered with darkness ; 
for I have spoken and I will not change my mind, I have 
made an assault and will not withdraw from it. 

29 (p) At the sound of the cavalry and bended bow all the 
country had fled. They had skulked into caves ; and hidden 


themselves in forests ; and upon rocks they had climbed up. 
Every city was deserted ; in them not a man dwelt. 

30 And as for thee what wilt thou do ? Though thou clothe 
thyself with scarlet and deck thyself with ornaments of gold — 
though thou paint thine eyes with stibium, thy decoration will 
avail nothing ; thy lovers have cast thee off. They will seek 

31 thy life. For I have heard a sound as of one in labour — of 
thy groan, as of one who beareth her first child. 

(J) The voice of the daughter of Sion shall be weak : and 
she shall let her hands hang down. 

(p) Wo is me ! for my soul fainteth on account of the slain. 
V. (J) Kun to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem ; and 
look, and inquire, and search in her broad ways. If you can 
find — if there be a man, who executeth judgment and seeketh 

2 truth, I will be merciful to them saith the Lord. They say, 
" As the Lord liveth." Do they not on this very account swear 
to falsehoods ? 

3 (p) Lord, thine eyes look for faithfulness. Thou hast 
chastised them : but they have not grieved. Thou hast con- 
sumed them and they would not receive instruction. They 
have made their faces harder than a rock and refused to return. 

4 Then I said, perhaps they are poor, therefore they could 
not. Because they have not known the way of the Lord and the 

5 judgment of God, I will go to the nobles and speak to them. 

(J) Because these knew the way of the Lord and the judg- 
ment of God, and lo ! with one consent, have broken the yoke 

6 and burst the bands ; therefore a lion from the forest hath smit- 
ten them and a wolf hath destroyed them even in their 
houses, and a leopard hath lain in wait against their cities. Let 
all who go out from them be hunted down. Because they have 
multiplied their iniquities — have strengthened themselves in 

7 their apostacies ; for which of these can I be merciful to thee ? 
Thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by things which 
are no Gods. When I fed them plentifully, they committed 

8 adultery, and revelled in the houses of harlots. They became 
furious wanton steeds ; they neighed every one for his neigh- 

9 hour's wife. Shall I not visit for these things, saith the Lord, 
10 and on such a nation as his shall not my soul be avenged ? Go 


up against her battlements and demolish them : but you must 
not make a complete destruction ; leave her buttresses, for they 

11 are the Lord's. Because the house of Israel have broken faith 
with me, saith the Lord, and the house of Juda have given the 

12 lie to their Lord and said, " These things are not so. Evils will 

13 not come upon us ; we shall see neither sword nor famine. Our 
prophets are but wind and the word of the Lord was not in 

14 Therefore thus saith the Lord Almighty, because you 
have spoken this word ; behold I have made these words of 
mine for thy mouth, a fire ; and this people fuel ; and it shall 

15 devour them. Behold I am about to bring against you, 
house of Israel, saith the Lord, a nation from afar — a nation 

16 the sound of whose tongue thou wilt not understand. They 
are all mighty men ; and they shall devour your harvest and 

17 your bread ; and they shall devour your sons and your daugh- 
ters ; and they shall devour your flocks and your herds ; and 
they shall devour your vineyards and fig trees and olive orch- 
ards, and smite with the sword your fortified cities, in which 

18 you trusted. But it shall come to pass in those days, saith the 
Lord thy God, That I will not make an entire end of you. 

19 Now when you say, " Why hath the Lord our God done all 
this to us ? " then thou shalt say to them, Because you served 
strange Gods in your land, therefore you shall serve strange 

20 Gods in a land which is not yours. Proclaim these things to 
the house of Jacob and let them be published to the house of 

21 (p) Hear these things I beseech you, O foolish and stu- 
pid people ! 

(J) They have eyes, but they do not see ; ears they have, 

22 but they do not hear. Will you not fear me, saith the Lord, 
nor be struck with awe at the presence of me who have by an 
everlasting decree, made sand a boundary to the ocean, so that 
it shall not pass it. Though it be tossed with a tempest, it 
shall not prevail — though the waves thereof roar, they shall not 

23 overpass it. But this people have a revolting and disobedient 
heart. They have turned aside and are gone : and did not say 

24 in their heart, let us now fear the Lord our God, who giveth 


us the former and the latter rain, according to the time of com- 
pleting the appointed harvest. 

25 (p) Though they have reserved these for us, your iniqui- 
ties have turned them out of their course : and your sins have 
removed good things from you. 

26 (J) Since there have been found among my people wicked 
men, who have set snares to destroy men and have caught 

27 them— As a trap which hath been set is full of birds, so their 
houses are full of deceit, therefore they became great and rich 

28 and overleaped judgment ; they did not administer justice to 
the orphan, nor decide righteously the cause of the widow ; 

29 shall I not visit for these things, saith the Lord, and on such a 
nation as this shall not my soul be avenged ? 

30 Astonishing and horrible things have been done in this 

31 land. The prophets prophesy falsehoods, and the priests clap- 
ped with their hands, and my people loved to have it so. Now 
what will you do in regard to the consequences ? 

VI. Assume courage ye sons of Benjamin who are from the 
midst of Jerusalem, and give a signal with the trumpet at The- 
koe ; and on Bethacharma erect a standard. Because evils from 

2 the north are apparent, and a great destruction is begun, there- 
fore thy loftiness shall be destroyed. With regard to the daugh- 

3 ter of Sion ; to her shepherds shall come with their flocks, and 
pitch their tents around against her and feed. [They will say] 

4 every one to his band "Prepare yourself for battle against 
her, arise and let us go up against her at noon." " Alas for us 
the day is declined," " Because the shadows of the day fail, 

5 arise and let us go up against her by night, and let us destroy 

6 her foundations." For thus saith the Lord, Cut down her 
trees : discharge engines against Jerusalem : lying city ! in 

7 it all is oppression. As a reservoir sendeth forth water, so her 
wickedness gusheth out. Open wickedness and misery may 

8 be heard in her continually. With anguish and scourging be 
instructed, Jerusalem ! lest my soul be alienated from thee — 
lest I make thee an untrodden land, which shall not be inha- 

9 bited. For thus saith the Lord, Glean, glean as a vineyard the 
remains of Israel. Return again and again like a grape gather- 
er to his basket. 


10 (p) To whom shall I speak and give warning that he 
may hearken ? behold their ears are uncircumcised and they 
cannot hear. — 

(J) Behold the word of the Lord was to them an object 

11 of reproach and they would not. Therefore my wrath, which 
I filled up and restrained that I might not destroy them, I now 
pour out on infants in the streets, and on the congregation of 
youths at the same time. Because husband and wife shall be 

12 comprehended — the elder with him who is full of days ; there- 
fore their houses shall be transferred to others — their fields 
and their wives together. Because I will stretch forth my 

13 hand against the inhabitants of this land, saith the Lord — be- 
cause from the least of them to the greatest, they have all com- 
mitted unrighteous deeds; from the priest to the false pro- 

14 phet, they have all practised falsehoods, and healed the hurt 
of my people by underrating it and saying Peace, Peace; but 

15 where is there peace? Were they ashamed because they failed? 
even in that case they were not ashamed ; nor were they sensi- 
ble of their infamy ; therefore they shall fall in the common 
ruin ; and in the time of visitation they shall perish, saith the 

16 Lord. Thus saith the Lord, Stand in the highways and take a 
view and inquire for the ancient paths of the Lord, and see 
which is the good way and walk in it, and you shall find a pu- 
rification for your souls : but they said, " We will not go." 

17 I have set watchmen over you ; hearken to the sound of the 

18 trumpet. But they said, " We will not listen." Therefore the 
nations heard ; even they who were tending their flocks. 

19 Hear earth, behold upon this people I am bringing evils — 
the fruit of their apostacy, because they attended not to my words 

20 and rejected my law. Why do you bring me incense from Saba, 
and cinnamon from a far distant country ? Your whole burnt of- 
ferings are not acceptable ; nor were your incense offerings sweet 

21 to me. Therefore thus saith the Lord, Behold I send weakness 
on this people, and weak shall be fathers and sons with them ; and 

22 neighbour with neighbour shall perish. Thus saith the Lord, 
Behold a people is coming from the north ; and nations shall 

23 be roused from the extremity of the earth : they will grasp the 
bow and the spear : they are haughty and will show no mercy : 


their voice is like the roaring sea : on horses and in chariots 
they will draw up in array like fire, for battle against thee, O 
daughter of Sion. 

24 (c) We have heard the fame of them. Our hands are en- 
feebled. Anguish hath taken hold of us — pangs, as of a wo- 
man in travail. 

25 (p) Go not out to the fields and in the highways walk